32,957 results match your criteria Posttraumatic Heterotopic Ossification


Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Sex differences in intrusive memories following trauma.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Does perceived ostracism contribute to mental health concerns among veterans who have been deployed?

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208438. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, United States of America.

Posttraumatic stress-negative psychological experiences as a result of traumatic stressors-can hinder military veterans' reintegration into society and cause various mental health problems. Veterans need quality social relationships to facilitate reintegration and to cope with posttraumatic stress and related mental health problems; discrimination or other forms of interpersonal rejection can exacerbate these veterans' problems. Ostracism (i. Read More

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December 2018

APOE-ε4 Genotype is Associated with Elevated Post-Concussion Symptoms in Military Veterans with a Remote History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS); San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: We evaluated the influence of the APOE-ε4 allele on post-concussive symptoms in military Veterans with a remote history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: Participants (N = 77) were administered neuropsychiatric measures, on average, approximately 5 years following their most recent mTBI and provided a DNA sample for APOE genotyping. Veterans were divided into two groups based on their ε4 status (n = 14 ε4+, n = 63 ε4-). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Cancer Risk: A Nested Case-Control Study.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Data regarding cancer risk for individuals who were exposed to traumatic and stressful life events are conflicting. We sought to evaluate the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the risk of the four most common solid tumors: lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers. We conducted four nested case-control studies using a large UK population-based database. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Predicting posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms among adolescents in the extended postpartum period.

Heliyon 2018 Nov 27;4(11):e00965. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Office of Information Technology, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.B 19407, Arlington, Texas, 76019, USA.

Background: Adolescent childbirth continues as a public health concern, and investigation of postpartum posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression is important to inform future research and practice. Longitudinal studies exploring PTSS alone or in combination with depression are non-existent for postpartum adolescent populations. This study aimed to identify stress/PTSS and depression symptoms at 72 hours and three, six, and nine months postpartum, and determine if symptoms at each time point predicted later symptoms. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Local Tensile Stress in the Development of Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis.

Biomed Res Int 2018 4;2018:4210353. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Orthopedic Institute, Medical College, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, China.

The pathogenesis of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) remains unrevealed. We speculate that cartilage crack caused by joint trauma will induce local abnormal tensile stress, leading to change in extracellular matrix (ECM) expression of chondrocytes, cartilage degeneration, and initiation of osteoarthritis. Finite element model was used to examine whether the local tensile stress could be produced around the crack. Read More

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November 2018

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Network Analysis in U.S. Military Veterans: Examining the Impact of Combat Exposure.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:608. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Recent work inspired by graph theory has begun to conceptualize mental disorders as networks of interacting symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom networks have been investigated in clinical samples meeting full diagnostic criteria, including military veterans, natural disaster survivors, civilian survivors of war, and child sexual abuse survivors. Despite reliable associations across reported networks, more work is needed to compare central symptoms across trauma types. Read More

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November 2018
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Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout in Iranian Psychiatric Nurses.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Research is limited regarding post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and professional quality of life (ProQOL) in Iranian nurses, especially nurses working in psychiatric units. The current study was conducted to determine the relationship between PTSD and ProQOL among psychiatric nurses in Kerman, Iran. This cross-sectional correlational study comprised 160 nurses working in three clinical settings supervised by Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Read More

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December 2018

Reducing intrusive memories of trauma using a visuospatial interference intervention with inpatients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1076-1090

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy.

Objective: The core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is recurrent intrusive memories of trauma. This study aimed to test a novel and simple intervention, inspired by the concepts of concurrent task interference and memory reconsolidation, to reduce the occurrence of intrusive memories among inpatients with complex PTSD.

Method: In this open-label single case series 20 patients with longstanding complex PTSD in inpatient treatment monitored the occurrence of intrusive trauma memories (intrusions) over the course of their admission (5 to 10 weeks). Read More

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December 2018

Public exposure and attitudes about homelessness.

J Community Psychol 2019 Jan 19;47(1):76-92. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Yale University School of Medicine.

In this study, we conducted a survey among a large sample of U.S. adults to assess attitudes and beliefs about the causes of homelessness, policies to address homelessness, and programs for homeless individuals. Read More

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January 2019

Biased emotional attention in patients with dental phobia.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignal Analysis, University of Muenster, D-48149, Muenster, Germany.

Biased motivated attention towards phobia-relevant pictures is a typical finding in specific phobia. In the visual system, the allocation of motivated attention is indexed by two event-related potential components - the Early Posterior Negativity and the Late Positive Potential. Enhanced Early Posterior Negativity and Late Positive Potential amplitudes are reliably observed in specific phobia such as, for instance, snake, spider or blood-injection-injury phobia and to some extent also in dental phobia. Read More

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December 2018

Behavioral Therapies and Mind-Body Interventions for Posttraumatic Headache and Post-Concussive Symptoms: A Systematic Review.

Headache 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

NYU College of Nursing, New York, NY, USA.

Background: There are no clear guidelines on how to treat posttraumatic headache (PTH) or post-concussive symptoms (PCS). However, behavioral interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and relaxation are Level-A evidence-based treatments for headache prevention. To understand how to develop and study further mind-body interventions (MBIs) and behavioral therapies for PTH and PCS, we developed the following question using the PICO framework: Are behavioral therapies and MBIs effective for treating PTH and PCS?

Methods: We conducted a systematic search of 3 databases (Medline, PsycINFO, and EMBASE) for behavioral interventions and MBIs with the subject headings and keywords for PTH, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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December 2018

Conceptualizing and Measuring Mental Illness Stigma: The Mental Illness Stigma Framework and Critical Review of Measures.

Stigma Health 2018 Nov 21;3(4):348-376. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Women's Health Sciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System.

Although the last decade has seen a proliferation of research on mental illness stigma, lack of consistency and clarity in both the conceptualization and measurement of mental illness stigma has limited the accumulation of scientific knowledge about mental illness stigma and its consequences. In the present article, we bring together the different foci of mental illness stigma research with the . The MISF provides a common framework and set of terminology for understanding mechanisms of mental illness stigma that are relevant to the study of both the stigmatized and the stigmatizer. Read More

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November 2018

Poor Performance on Single-Legged Hop Tests Associated With Development of Posttraumatic Knee Osteoarthritis After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Nov 26;6(11):2325967118810775. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Biomechanics and Movement Science Program, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Background: The risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA) is substantially increased after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Tools are needed to identify characteristics of patients after ACL injury who are most at risk for posttraumatic OA.

Purpose: To determine whether clinical measures of knee function after ACL injury are associated with the development of radiographic knee OA 5 years after injury. Read More

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November 2018
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Large adipose tissue generation in a mussel-inspired bioreactor of elastic-mimetic cryogel and platelets.

J Tissue Eng 2018 Jan-Dec;9:2041731418808633. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Soft tissue generation, especially in large tissue, is a major challenge in reconstructive surgery to treat congenital deformities, posttraumatic repair, and cancer rehabilitation. The concern is along with the donor site morbidity, donor tissue shortage, and flap necrosis. Here, we report a dissection-free adipose tissue chamber-based novel guided adipose tissue regeneration strategy in a bioreactor of elastic gelatin cryogel and polydopamine-assisted platelet immobilization intended to improve angiogenesis and generate large adipose tissue in situ. Read More

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November 2018

Examination of Racial Differences in a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Group Therapy Program for Veterans.

Group Dyn 2018 Sep 19;22(3):129-142. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most prevalent mental health diagnoses for veterans. Group therapy can be an effective and efficient means of treating PTSD, yet the literature exploring treatment outcomes for racial minorities is mixed and limited. The present study was an evaluation across racial groups of the PTSD Recovery Program, a manualized group therapy implemented at a Veterans Affairs hospital. Read More

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September 2018

Nd-YAG laser membranotomy in posttraumatic subinternal limiting membrane hemorrhage.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):270-271

Sri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretina Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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December 2018

DNA methylation correlates of PTSD: Recent findings and technical challenges.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, USA.

There is increasing evidence that epigenetic factors play a critical role in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), by mediating the impact of environmental exposures to trauma on the regulation of gene expression. DNA methylation is one epigenetic mark that has been highly studied in PTSD. This review will begin by providing an overview of DNA methylation (DNAm) methods, and will then highlight two major biological systems that have been identified in the epigenetic regulation in PTSD: (a) the immune system and (b) the stress response system. Read More

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November 2018

Quality of life in family caregivers of patients in the intensive care unit: A longitudinal study.

Aust Crit Care 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Research and Development, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital Norway, P. O. Box 4950 Nydalen N-0424 Oslo, Norway; Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, P.O.Box 1078 Blindern NO-0316 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Background: Family caregivers of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience impairments in the quality of life. Previous studies report that psychological quality of life improves over time, but there has been limited longitudinal research, and measurement points have differed. Factors such as age, gender, and posttraumatic stress symptoms have been found to be associated with the quality of life, but level of hope and its associations with the quality of life have not been investigated. Read More

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November 2018

When translational neuroscience fails in the clinic: Dexamethasone prior to virtual reality exposure therapy increases drop-out rates.

J Anxiety Disord 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, United States.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by exaggerated expression of fear responses to danger and safety cues. Translational research suggests that dexamethasone facilitates fear extinction in animal and human fear conditioning models. For this randomized, placebo-controlled trial (N = 27), we aimed to translate these findings to the clinic by using virtual reality exposure (VRE) therapy for OEF/OIF/OND veterans with PTSD to determine whether dexamethasone will increase the efficacy of exposure therapy for VRE relative to placebo. Read More

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October 2018

Neuroendocrinological treatment targets for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent, disabling, and frequently becomes chronic. Despite this, only two selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors have been approved to date for its treatment by the United States Food and Drug Administration, and treatment results are often disappointing, with a remission rate of <30%. Certain neuroendocrinological systems are currently gaining attention with respect to their use for PTSD prevention and treatment as standalone options or medication-enhanced psychotherapy due to their involvement in physiological stress reactions, memory consolidation and extinction, cognitive appraisal to stress, and attachment and resilient coping strategies, which are important in the pathogenesis of PTSD. Read More

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November 2018

Differential fear conditioning generates prefrontal neural ensembles of safety signals.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, United States; Department of Psychology & Program in Neuroscience, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, United States. Electronic address:

Fear discrimination is critical for survival, while fear generalization is effective for avoiding dangerous situations. Overgeneralized fear is a typical symptom of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research demonstrated that fear discrimination learning is mediated by prefrontal mechanisms. Read More

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November 2018

Efficacy of Prolonged Exposure Therapy, Sertraline Hydrochloride, and Their Combination Among Combat Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland.

Importance: Meta-analyses of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggest that trauma-focused psychotherapies produce greater benefits than antidepressant medications alone.

Objective: To determine the relative efficacy of prolonged exposure therapy plus placebo, prolonged exposure therapy plus sertraline hydrochloride, and sertraline plus enhanced medication management in the treatment of PTSD.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Prolonged Exposure and Sertraline Trial was a randomized, multisite, 24-week clinical trial conducted at the Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, Ralph H. Read More

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December 2018

Use of Prolonged Exposure and Sertraline in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for Veterans.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle.

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December 2018

Posteromedial Elbow Dislocations without Relevant Osseous Lesions: Clinical Characteristics, Soft-Tissue Injury Patterns, Treatments, and Outcomes.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Dec;100(23):2066-2072

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Gumi CHA University Hospital, Gumi, South Korea.

Background: Although simple posterolateral or posterior elbow dislocations are relatively common and usually stable after closed reduction, simple posteromedial dislocations are extremely rare and poorly characterized. We investigated the clinical characteristics, soft-tissue injury patterns, treatments, and outcomes of a series of posteromedial elbow dislocations without relevant osseous lesions.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 20 cases of simple posteromedial elbow dislocations without relevant osseous lesions that were treated at 7 fellowship training hospitals during a 10-year period. Read More

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December 2018

The distribution and time-dependent expression of HIPK2 during the repair of contused skeletal muscle in mice.

Histol Histopathol 2018 Dec 5:18072. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Forensic Pathology, China Medical University School of Forensic Medicine, Liaoning Province, PR China.

HIPK2 is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase and is considered a co-regulator of an increasing number of transcription factors modulating a variety of cellular processes, including inflammation, proliferation and fibrosis. Skeletal muscle injuries repair is an overlapping event between inflammation and tissue repair. There are no reports about HIPK2 expression in skeletal muscles after trauma. Read More

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December 2018

Implicit but not explicit extinction to threat-conditioned stimulus prevents spontaneous recovery of threat-potentiated startle responses in humans.

Brain Behav 2018 Dec 4:e01157. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Cognition, Development and Educational Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: It has long been posited that threat learning operates and forms under an affective and a cognitive learning system that is supported by different brain circuits. A primary drawback in exposure-based therapies is the high rate of relapse that occurs when higher order areas fail to inhibit responses driven by the defensive circuit. It has been shown that implicit exposure of fearful stimuli leads to a long-lasting reduction in avoidance behavior in patients with phobia. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Posttraumatic Stress and Interpersonal Sensitivity: Alexithymia as Mediator and Emotional Expressivity as Moderator.

Psychiatr Q 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Karaganda State University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan.

This study examined 1) the link between PTSD from past trauma, interpersonal sensitivity and psychiatric co-morbidity, 2) mediational effects of alexithymia on 1), and 3) moderated mediational effects with emotional expressivity as the moderator. Five hundred and fifteen Kazakh students completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire and Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure. The results showed that 28% met the criteria for full-PTSD. Read More

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December 2018

Global Mental Health and Idioms of Distress: The Paradox of Culture-Sensitive Pathologization of Distress in Cambodia.

Cult Med Psychiatry 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Efforts to provide culturally appropriate global mental health interventions have included attention to local idioms of distress. This article critically examines the potential gap between lay ethnopsychological understandings of the Cambodian idiom of baksbat (broken courage) on the one hand and clinical conceptualizations of the idiom as a potential indicator of posttraumatic stress disorder. Ethnographic semi-structured interviews with trauma survivors reveal resistance to current clinical translations and hybrid Euro-Western and Khmer treatment interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Pilot Testing of Peak Alpha Frequency Stability During Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:605. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Neurorestoration and Neurotechnology, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI, United States.

Over half of those diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), and rates are even higher among military veterans. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may be a safe and efficacious treatment for PTSD, both with and without comorbid MDD. Still, the mechanism of action of TMS is not fully understood, and it remains unclear which stimulation techniques (e. Read More

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November 2018
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Effectiveness of Trauma-Focused Psychological Therapies for Treating Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Women Following Childbirth: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:591. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.

Approximately 3% of women in community samples develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. Higher prevalence rates are reported for high risk samples. Postpartum PTSD can adversely affect women's wellbeing, mother-infant relationships and child development. Read More

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November 2018

Neuroscience Informed Prolonged Exposure Practice: Increasing Efficiency and Efficacy Through Mechanisms.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 20;12:281. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Prolonged exposure (PE) is an empirically supported efficacious treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this focused review, we briefly review the neurobiological networks in PTSD relevant to PE, discuss the theoretical basis of PE, review the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of PE and identify the enhancements that can be applied to increase treatment response and retention. Based on the reviewed studies, it is clear that PTSD results in disrupted network of interconnected regions, and PE has been shown to increase the connectivity within and between these regions. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Oxytocin on Fear Memory and Neuroinflammation in a Rodent Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 3;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma-induced mental disorder characterized by fear extinction abnormalities, which involve biological dysfunctions among fear circuit areas in the brain. Oxytocin (OXT) is a neuropeptide that regulates sexual reproduction and social interaction and has recently earned specific attention due to its role in adjusting neurobiological and behavioral correlates of PTSD; however, the mechanism by which this is achieved remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine whether the effects of OXT on traumatic stress-induced abnormalities of fear extinction (specifically induced by single prolonged stress (SPS), an animal model of PTSD) are associated with pro-inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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December 2018

Que faire face à une demande de reconnaissance de l’origine professionnelle d’une affection psychique ?

Rev Prat 2016 Sep;66(7):765-768

Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Seine-Saint- Denis (université Paris-13, Sorbonne-Paris-Cité), hôpital Avicenne, unité fonctionnelle des pathologies professionnelles et environnementales, Bobigny, France.

How to deal with request of work-related acknowledgement of mental illness? The physician, face to face with patients attributing their mental illness to work, wonders about the etiology in order to propose appropriate care. It may concern a preexistent psychiatric disease, revealed, unbalanced or worsened by work, criminal working conditions (mobbing, discrimination, violence…) that may lead to a major depressive episode (MDE) or a posttraumatic stress disorder. Besides, some working circumstances and their evolution may constitute the pathogenic sequences or facts, source of MDE. Read More

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September 2016

Parental PTSD, health behaviors and successful aging among offspring of Holocaust survivors.

Authors:
Amit Shrira

Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 26;271:265-271. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

The Interdisciplinary Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 5290002, Israel. Electronic address:

Unhealthy behaviors and physical morbidity are more common among trauma survivors, especially those who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study looked at the underexplored relationships between parental PTSD, unhealthy behaviors and aging of trauma survivors' offspring. Dyads of parents (mean age = 82. Read More

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November 2018

If You Can't Say Something Nice: A Latent Profile Analysis of Social Reactions to Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure and Associations With Mental Health Symptoms.

Violence Against Women 2018 Dec 4:1077801218811681. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1 Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

The social reactions that victims receive when disclosing intimate partner violence (IPV) have important implications for recovery and well-being. Women from the community ( n = 172) reported IPV, reactions to IPV disclosure, and mental health symptoms in individual interviews. Latent profile analyses revealed three subgroups of victims with varied experiences of reactions. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Postoperative complications influencing the long-term outcome of head-injured patients after decompressive craniectomy.

Brain Behav 2018 Dec 4:e01179. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Brain Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Fourth Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: Postoperative complications are common in patients who underwent decompressive craniectomy (DC) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, little is known about the degree of association between the postoperative complications and the long-term outcome of adult TBI patients after DC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of postoperative complications that influenced the long-term outcome of DC in TBI patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Successful surgical treatment of a patient with combined gunshot shrapnel injuries in the heart and brain complicated by middle cerebral artery pseudoaneurysm.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;18:17-23. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Nervous Diseases and Neurosurgery Department, Postgraduate Education Division, Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, The Ministry of Healthcare of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine.

Successful step-by-step treatment of a combined gunshot shrapnel injury of the brain, damaging the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) branches, and penetrating myocardium injury is discussed. Open brain and heart surgeries were performed. A left MCA pseudoaneurysm was formed postoperatively. Read More

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December 2018

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in children and adolescents with subthreshold PTSD after medically related trauma: design of a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2018 22;9(1):1536287. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

: Three in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing medical treatment develop subthreshold symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When untreated, subthreshold PTSD can have a serious impact on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and long-term psychopathology. However, research investigating subthreshold PTSD and its treatment following paediatric medical interventions and/or hospitalization is scarce. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

An inflammatory phenotype for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression?

Authors:
Viola Vaccarino

Brain Behav Immun 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

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November 2018
1 Read

The symptoms at the center: Examining the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and depression with network analysis.

J Psychiatr Res 2018 Nov 21;109:52-58. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Vermont Complex Systems Center, Department of Computer Science, University of Vermont, USA.

Comorbid mental health disorders are highly common in trauma-exposed individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among the most common co-occurring conditions. Network models of psychopathology offer a novel method to understand how this comorbidity manifests. The present study examined the presence of symptom communities (groups of highly connected symptoms) within a network of these disorders and hub symptoms (symptoms that connect such communities). Read More

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November 2018
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Symptom severity in PTSD and comorbid psychopathology: A latent profile analysis among traumatized veterans.

J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 17;62:35-44. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group, Nienoord 10, Diemen, 1112XE, the Netherlands; Utrecht University, Department of Clinical Psychology, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Individuals diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show remarkably different symptom presentations. Identification of diagnostic profiles of PTSD may contribute to knowledge about treatment modifications to enhance treatment effectiveness. The present study aimed to identify symptom severity classes among 236 Dutch veterans based on a broad range of psychopathology outcomes, including PTSD, using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA). Read More

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November 2018

[Is there such a thing as post-flood syndrome?]

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 11 27;162. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Vrije Universiteit, afd. Medische Geschiedenis, Amsterdam.

In 1953, the South-Western parts of The Netherlands (particularly the province of Zeeland) were flooded. At the time, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) did not yet exist as a formal diagnosis. Research following more recent natural disasters has identified risk factors for the development of PTSD. Read More

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November 2018

The Role of Pain Catastrophizing in Cognitive Functioning Among Veterans With a History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Research Service (Mss Hoffman, DeFord, and Keller and Drs Herbert and Crocker) and Psychology Service (Dr Jak), and Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health (Drs Herbert and Jak), VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California; San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology (Ms Jurick and Mr Sanderson-Cimino); Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego (Drs Herbert and Jak); and Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston (Ms Jurick).

Objective: To determine the role of pain catastrophizing (PC) in neuropsychological functioning in veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Participants: Thirty-nine Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans evaluated in the post-acute phase following mild TBI.

Methods: Participants underwent psychiatric and TBI clinical interviews, neuropsychological tests, and self-report assessments of PC, pain intensity, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Read More

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November 2018