32,999 results match your criteria Posttraumatic Epilepsy


Sexual minority women and Cannabis use: The serial impact of PTSD symptom severity and coping motives.

Addict Behav 2018 Dec 10;92:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address:

Sexual minority women (SMW) report greater rates of cannabis use. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity is related to greater cannabis use among SMW, and it is theorized that this is due to SMW using cannabis in an attempt to manage negative affectivity associated with PTSD symptoms. However, this is the first known study to test this hypothesis. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the mediating role of self-blame and coping in the relationships between self-compassion and distress in females following the sexual assault.

J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Objective: The present study investigated the associations between self-compassion, self-blame, disengagement coping, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptom severity among females who had experienced sexual assault. We also examined whether the relationships between self-compassion and both PTSD and depression severity were mediated by self-blame and coping.

Method: A volunteer sample of female adults (N = 207) completed surveys online or on paper. Read More

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December 2018

Fourteen-year trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in UK military personnel, and associated risk factors.

J Psychiatr Res 2018 Nov 30;109:156-163. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

King's Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to examine trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms over a 14-year period and the risk factors associated with each trajectory. 1885 UK military personnel provided information at four time points since 2002. The PTSD Check list-Civilian Version (PCL-C) was used at all time points. Read More

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November 2018

Which patients initiate cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in department of veterans affairs PTSD clinics?

J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 20;62:53-60. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) for PTSD at all of its facilities, but little is known about systematic differences between patients who do and do not initiate these treatments. VA administrative data were analyzed for 6,251 veterans receiving psychotherapy over one year in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specialty clinics at nine VA medical centers. CPT and PE were initiated by 2,173 (35%) patients. Read More

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November 2018
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Factors Associated With Long-Term Outcomes After Injury: Results of the Functional Outcomes and Recovery After Trauma Emergencies (FORTE) Multicenter Cohort Study.

Ann Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with patient-reported outcomes, 6 to 12 months after moderate to severe injury.

Summary Of Background Data: Due to limitations of trauma registries, we have an incomplete understanding of factors that impact long-term patient-reported outcomes after injury. As 96% of patients survive their injuries, several entities including the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine have called for a mechanism to routinely follow trauma patients and determine factors associated with survival, patient-reported outcomes, and reintegration into society after trauma. Read More

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December 2018

Acupuncture for Treatment of Persistent Disturbed Sleep: A Randomized Clinical Trial in Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

J Clin Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11;80(1). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurology, Emory Sleep Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Objective: To evaluate real, as compared with sham, acupuncture in improving persistent sleep disturbance in veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Methods: This sham-controlled randomized clinical trial at a US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (2010-2015) included 60 veterans aged 24-55 years (mean of 40 years) with history of mTBI of at least 3 months and refractory sleep disturbance. Most of these participants (66. Read More

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December 2018

Practitioner Review: Mental health problems of refugee children and adolescents and their management.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Background: Since 2010, the numbers of refugees have increased and around half are under 18 years of age. It is known that experience of organised violence, displacement and resettlement increases the risk for psychiatric disorders and psychosocial impairment. This review integrates recent research into the risk and protective factors for psychopathology with service and treatment issues. Read More

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December 2018

Drug use and hazardous drinking are associated with PTSD symptoms and symptom clusters in US Army Reserve/National Guard Soldiers.

Am J Addict 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh 15213, Pennsylvania.

Background And Objectives: There is strong evidence of the association between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and substance use. Previous work has found sex differences in these associations. With revisions to the DSM, it is important to understand how overall PTSD symptoms and the new symptom clusters relate to substance use among Reserve/Guard soldiers-a high risk group. Read More

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December 2018

Does It Help? The Contribution of Wives' Ways of Giving Support to Their Veteran Husbands' Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Functional Impairment.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social Work, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

In this study, we aimed to understand female partners' ways of giving support to their male military veteran partners' adjustment. Specifically, we examined the direct and moderating contributions female partners' ways of giving support-active engagement, protective buffering, or overprotection-make on their male partners' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and functional impairment. Our hypotheses were that (a) female partners' active engagement would be negatively correlated with male veterans' PTSS and positively associated with veterans' functioning, (b) female partners' protective buffering and overprotection would be positively correlated with veterans' PTSS and negatively associated with veterans' functioning, and (c) female partners' ways of giving support would moderate the association between their secondary PTSS and male partners' adjustment. Read More

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December 2018

Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Peritraumatic and Posttraumatic Emotions Questionnaires Among Active-Duty Military Personnel With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

The Peritraumatic Emotions Questionnaire (Peri-TEQ) and Posttraumatic Emotions Questionnaire (Post-TEQ) are self-report measures of emotions experienced during and after a traumatic event, respectively. The factor structure and psychometric properties of the Peri- and Post-TEQ were investigated among 474 military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployment. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted to test the factor structure of the scales. Read More

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December 2018

Dynamic instability of the acromioclavicular joint: A new classification for acute AC joint separation.

Obere Extrem 2018 28;13(4):279-285. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

2Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Campus Virchow, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Acute acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation is classified according to Rockwood (RW). Although of clinical relevance, dynamic horizontal translation (DHT) is not listed in this classification or in frequently used clinical evaluation tools. The aim of this study was (a) to evaluate vertical and horizontal AC joint instabilities and assess their combined occurrence and clinical appearance in a consecutive group of patients, as well as (b) to develop a new classification of acute AC joint dislocation. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of a Modified Moral Injury Questionnaire in a Military Population.

Traumatology (Tallahass Fla) 2018 Dec 3;24(4):301-312. Epub 2018 May 3.

Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, & Addictions, University of New Mexico.

Moral injury (MI) results from perpetration of or exposure to distressing events, known as morally injurious events (MIEs), that challenge moral beliefs and values. Due to the type of involvement in recent military conflicts, many veterans report MIEs that may cause dissonance and, in turn, MI. Although two existing measures assess MIEs, neither currently assesses the defining characteristics of MI (i. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Incidence of dysphagia and dysphonia after Hangman's fractures: Evidence from 93 patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13552

Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital.

This research aims to explore the accurate incidence, severity and outcomes of dysphagia and dysphonia after Hangman fractures.A total of 93 patients were included in this study and clinical data were reviewed. The Bazaz grading system (0-None; 1-Mild; 2-Moderate; 3-Severe) was used for dysphagia evaluation and the Voice Handicap Index-10 used to evaluate dysphonia. Read More

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December 2018

Traumatic brain injury among female veterans: a review of sex differences in military neurosurgery.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E16

The impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been demonstrated in various studies with respect to prevalence, morbidity, and mortality data. Many of the patients burdened with long-term sequelae of TBI are veterans. Although fewer in number, female veterans with TBI have been suggested to suffer from unique physical, mental, and social challenges. Read More

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December 2018

Altered overnight levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in men and women with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 Dec 5;102:114-120. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; Northern California Institute for Research and Education, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with disturbed sleep and elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Studies in animals and healthy humans have also shown that disrupted sleep elevates pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6 and TNF-α. A better understanding of overnight cytokine levels and sleep might shed light on possible mechanisms for elevated inflammation in PTSD. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic Variants of the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Metabolic Indices in Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2018 27;9:637. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Laboratory for Molecular Neuropsychiatry, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma and stressor related disorder that may develop after exposure to an event that involved the actual or possible threat of death, violence or serious injury. Its molecular underpinning is still not clear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) modulates neuronal processes such as the response to stress, but also weight control, energy and glucose homeostasis. Read More

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November 2018

Military-related risk factors in female veterans and risk of dementia.

Neurology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

From the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System (K.Y., S.J.L., T.D.H., F.X., D.E.B., S.M., C.B.P.); and Departments of Psychiatry (K.Y., D.E.B., S.M.), Neurology (K.Y.), and Epidemiology & Biostatistics (K.Y.), University of California, San Francisco.

Objective: To determine whether diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression, alone or in combination, increase dementia risk among older female veterans.

Methods: This cohort study included data from 109,140 female veterans ≥55 years of age receiving care from Veterans Health Administration medical centers in the United States between October 2004 and September 2015 with at least 1 follow-up visit. TBI, PTSD, depression, and medical conditions at study baseline and incident dementia were determined according to ICD-9-CM codes. Read More

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December 2018

Improving treatment for patients with childhood abuse related posttraumatic stress disorder (IMPACT study): protocol for a multicenter randomized trial comparing prolonged exposure with intensified prolonged exposure and phase-based treatment.

BMC Psychiatry 2018 Dec 12;18(1):385. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Leiden University, Institute of Psychology, Wassenaarsweg 22, 3332, AK, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Childhood abuse related posttraumatic stress disorder (CA-PTSD) is associated with a high burden of disease and with treatment response rates that leave room for improvement. One of the treatments for PTSD, prolonged exposure (PE), is effective but has high drop-out rates and remission rates are relatively low. An intensified form of PE (iPE) was associated with good response and low drop-out rates in PTSD and has not yet been tested in a controlled trial in CA-PTSD. Read More

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December 2018

Reprint of Recovery programme for ICU survivors has no effect on relatives' quality of life: Secondary analysis of the RAPIT-study.

Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Holbæk Hospital, Smedelundsgade 60, 4300 Holbæk and Nordsjællands Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Dyrehavevej 29, 3400 Hilleroed, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: Relatives of intensive care patients are at risk of developing symptoms of anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress resulting in reduced health-related quality of life. Recovery programmes for patients have been implemented, but their effect on relatives is uncertain.

Aim: To determine whether relatives benefit from a recovery programme intended for intensive care survivors. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric open-globe injury in a university-based tertiary hospital.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12:1120672118818013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background:: To investigate epidemiology, etiology, and outcomes after repair of pediatric open-globe injury.

Methods:: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients ⩽18 years who underwent primary open-globe repair.

Results:: A total of 213 patients were identified. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic Model to Study the Co-Morbid Phenotypes of Increased Alcohol Intake and Prior Stress-Induced Enhanced Fear Memory.

Front Genet 2018 27;9:566. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex illness, frequently co-morbid with depression, caused by both genetics, and the environment. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), which also co-occurs with depression, is often co-morbid with PTSD. To date, very few genes have been identified for PTSD and even less for PTSD comorbidity with AUD, likely because of the phenotypic heterogeneity seen in humans, combined with each gene playing a relatively small role in disease predisposition. Read More

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November 2018

Management of nightmares in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder: current perspectives.

Authors:
Ali A El-Solh

Nat Sci Sleep 2018 26;10:409-420. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Research Department, VA Western New York Healthcare System, Buffalo, NY, USA,

Nightmares are considered the hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although the characteristics of these distressing dreams may vary with the type of traumatic event, the pathophysiology exposes central dysfunction of brain structures at the level of the hippocampus, amygdala, and locus coeruleus, modulated by neurochemical imbalance in nor-adrenergic, dopaminergic, and serotonin pathways. Underlying comorbid conditions, including other sleep disorders, may contribute to worsening symptoms. Read More

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November 2018
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Health beliefs and chronic illnesses of refugees: a systematic review.

Ethn Health 2018 Dec 11:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a School of Health & Biomedical Sciences , RMIT University , Bundoora , Australia.

Objective: To evaluate beliefs, and attitudes about health of refugees with chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and posttraumatic stress disorder and the consequent effects on self-care in comparison to resident populations.

Design: A systematic review methodology was used. PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles. Read More

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December 2018

Elevated resting blood pressure augments autonomic imbalance in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2018 Dec 10;315(6):R1272-R1280. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine , Atlanta, Georgia.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, blunted parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity, and impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), which contribute to accelerated cardiovascular disease. Patients with PTSD also have chronic stress-related elevations in resting blood pressure (BP), often in the prehypertensive range; yet, it is unclear if elevated resting blood pressure (ERBP) augments these autonomic derangements in PTSD. We hypothesized that compared with normotensive PTSD (N-PTSD), those with ERBP (E-PTSD) have further increased SNS, decreased PNS activity, and impaired BRS at rest and exaggerated SNS reactivity, PNS withdrawal, and pressor responses during stress. Read More

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December 2018
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Genes known to escape X chromosome inactivation predict co-morbid chronic musculoskeletal pain and posttraumatic stress symptom development in women following trauma exposure.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute for Trauma Recovery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Co-morbid chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are frequent sequelae of motor vehicle collision, are associated with greater disability than either outcome alone, and are more prevalent in women than men. In the current study we assessed for evidence that gene transcripts originating from the X chromosome contribute to sex differences in vulnerability to CMSP and PTSS after motor vehicle collision. Nested samples were drawn from a longitudinal study of African American individuals, and CMSP (0-10 numeric rating scale) and PTSS (impact of events scale, revised) outcomes were assessed 6 months following motor vehicle collision. Read More

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December 2018
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The Nomological Network of a Behavioral Distress Tolerance Task in Veterans.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

There is a relative lack of research on distress tolerance (DT) in veteran samples. The aims of the study were to (a) evaluate convergent and discriminant validity of a behavioral measure of DT compared to theoretically similar (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Perspectives on a Stage-Based Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Dialectical Behavior Therapy Consumers in Public Mental Health Settings.

Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351635, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Difficulties with consumer engagement are a common barrier to implementing trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies (TF-EBPs). Potential methods of increasing engagement include utilizing a stage-based treatment approach, and involving consumers in implementation efforts. This mixed method study explored consumers' perspectives on a stage-based TF-EBP, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol. Read More

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December 2018

The Elevated Plus Maze Test for Measuring Anxiety-Like Behavior in Rodents.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:69-74

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The elevated plus maze test is used to measure anxiety-like behavior in rodents. It can be used to gain insight into conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other conditions marked by anxious behavior. It can also be used as a component in screening of novel compounds for anxiolytic properties. Read More

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January 2019

Diagnostic Utility of Serum Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in Polytraumatized Patients Suffering Acute Kidney Injury: A Prospective Study.

Biomed Res Int 2018 6;2018:2687584. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) considerably increases the mortality rate in polytrauma victims. Undoubtedly, early identification of patients at risk is crucial for timely implementation of preventive strategies in order to improve their prognosis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate if serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (sNGAL) may serve as a diagnostic biomarker of early AKI in polytrauma victims, especially considering patients needing renal replacement theory (RRT). Read More

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November 2018

Clinical Feasibility of a Just-in-Time Adaptive Intervention App (iREST) as a Behavioral Sleep Treatment in a Military Population: Feasibility Comparative Effectiveness Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 7;20(12):e10124. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Sleep and Behavioral Neuroscience Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Background: Although evidence-based cognitive behavioral sleep treatments have been shown to be safe and effective, these treatments have limited scalability. Mobile health tools can address this scalability challenge. iREST, or interactive Resilience Enhancing Sleep Tactics, is a mobile health platform designed to provide a just-in-time adaptive intervention (JITAI) in the assessment, monitoring, and delivery of evidence-based sleep recommendations in a scalable and personalized manner. Read More

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December 2018

EEG recording during an emotional face-matching task in children of mothers with interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Nov 29;283:34-44. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Chemin des Mines 9, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, USA.

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic disorder (IPV-PTSD) on child appraisal of emotion, as measured by high-density electroencephalography (HD-EEG) during an Emotional Face-matching Task (EFMT). We recorded HD-EEG in 47 children of mothers with and without IPV-PTSD during an Emotional Face-matching Task (EFMT). Mothers and children each performed the EFMT. Read More

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November 2018

Relationships between cerebrospinal fluid GABAergic neurosteroid levels and symptom severity in men with PTSD.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 Nov 22;102:95-104. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

The Psychiatric Institute, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States.

Allopregnanolone and pregnanolone (together termed allo + pregnan) are neurosteroid metabolites of progesterone that equipotently facilitate the action of gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) at GABA receptors. The adrenal steroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) allosterically antagonizes GABA receptors and facilitates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function. In prior research, premenopausal women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) displayed low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of allo + pregnan [undifferentiated by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method used] that correlated strongly and negatively with PTSD reexperiencing and negative mood symptoms. Read More

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November 2018

Concurrent treatment of substance use disorders and PTSD using prolonged exposure: A randomized clinical trial in military veterans.

Addict Behav 2018 Nov 27;90:369-377. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC, USA.

Objective: A substantial amount of individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) also meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prolonged Exposure (PE) is an effective, evidence-based treatment for PTSD, but there is limited data on its use among individuals with current alcohol or drug use disorders. This study evaluated the efficacy of an integrated treatment that incorporates PE (Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure or COPE) among veterans. Read More

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November 2018

Posttraumatic Bifid Ulna in a Pediatric Galeazzi-Equivalent Forearm Fracture.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI. Electronic address:

We report an unusual clinical presentation and surgical treatment of a Galeazzi-equivalent fracture in which initial closed treatment failed. This case was unique and challenging secondary to the formation of a neoulna volar to an unreduced periosteal sleeve injury, resulting in a bifid radiographic appearance. Read More

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December 2018

AAPT Diagnostic Criteria for Peripheral Neuropathic Pain: Focal and Segmental Disorders.

J Pain 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Anesthesiology and Washington University Pain Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Peripheral neuropathic pain is among the most prevalent types of neuropathic pain. No comprehensive peripheral neuropathic pain classification system that incorporates contemporary clinical, diagnostic, biological, and psychological information exists. To address this need, this article covers the taxonomy for 4 focal or segmental peripheral neuropathic pain disorders, as part of the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership and the American Pain Society (APS) collaborative to develop a standardized, evidence-based taxonomy initiative: the ACTTION-APS Pain Taxonomy (AAPT). Read More

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December 2018
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The moderating role of depression on the association between posttraumatic growth and health-related quality of life in low-grade glioma patients in China.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 11:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

c School of Psychology , Xinxiang Medical University , Xinxiang , China.

The present study attempted to explore the moderating effect of depression on the association between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and quality of life (QoL) in low-grade glioma patients in China. A prospective study design was conducted. Patients completed the survey approximately 1 month and 1 year after surgery. Read More

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December 2018

A challenge for psychocardiology: Addressing the causes and consequences of patients' perceptions of enduring somatic threat.

Am Psychol 2018 Dec;73(9):1160-1171

Department of Medicine, Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center.

The enduring somatic threat (EST) model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to life-threatening medical events suggests that PTSD-like symptoms represent patients' sensitization to cues of ongoing threat in the body. In this article, we review research on the prevalence and consequences of such reactions in cardiovascular disease patients, discuss early tests of the EST model, and then report a new test of the EST model in 143 patients enrolled during their first acute coronary syndrome (ACS; i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology: Donald Edmondson.

Authors:

Am Psychol 2018 Dec;73(9):1157-1159

The APA Awards for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology recognize psychologists who have demonstrated excellence early in their careers and have held a doctoral degree for no more than 9 years. One of the 2018 award winners is Donald Edmondson, "for his theoretical work describing how life-threatening medical events sensitize patients to threats from the body, and for providing compelling evidence that psychological responses to such events may hasten mortality." He has has elegantly synthesized cognitive models of posttraumatic stress with existential psychological theory to develop his enduring somatic threat model, which yields counterintuitive insights. Read More

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December 2018

Experiential avoidance as a mediator of the association between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and social support: A longitudinal analysis.

Psychol Trauma 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at San Antonio.

Objective: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience difficulties with social reintegration after deployment. Experiential avoidance, the tendency to avoid unwanted thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations (including in response to interactions with others) may be a key factor that explains the association between PTSD symptoms and postdeployment social support. The present study evaluated whether experiential avoidance mediates the association between PTSD symptoms and perceptions of postdeployment social support. Read More

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December 2018

Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Sex differences in intrusive memories following trauma.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Does perceived ostracism contribute to mental health concerns among veterans who have been deployed?

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208438. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, United States of America.

Posttraumatic stress-negative psychological experiences as a result of traumatic stressors-can hinder military veterans' reintegration into society and cause various mental health problems. Veterans need quality social relationships to facilitate reintegration and to cope with posttraumatic stress and related mental health problems; discrimination or other forms of interpersonal rejection can exacerbate these veterans' problems. Ostracism (i. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

APOE-ε4 Genotype is Associated with Elevated Post-Concussion Symptoms in Military Veterans with a Remote History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS); San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: We evaluated the influence of the APOE-ε4 allele on post-concussive symptoms in military Veterans with a remote history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: Participants (N = 77) were administered neuropsychiatric measures, on average, approximately 5 years following their most recent mTBI and provided a DNA sample for APOE genotyping. Veterans were divided into two groups based on their ε4 status (n = 14 ε4+, n = 63 ε4-). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Cancer Risk: A Nested Case-Control Study.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Data regarding cancer risk for individuals who were exposed to traumatic and stressful life events are conflicting. We sought to evaluate the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the risk of the four most common solid tumors: lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers. We conducted four nested case-control studies using a large UK population-based database. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Predicting posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms among adolescents in the extended postpartum period.

Heliyon 2018 Nov 27;4(11):e00965. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Office of Information Technology, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.B 19407, Arlington, Texas, 76019, USA.

Background: Adolescent childbirth continues as a public health concern, and investigation of postpartum posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression is important to inform future research and practice. Longitudinal studies exploring PTSS alone or in combination with depression are non-existent for postpartum adolescent populations. This study aimed to identify stress/PTSS and depression symptoms at 72 hours and three, six, and nine months postpartum, and determine if symptoms at each time point predicted later symptoms. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Local Tensile Stress in the Development of Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis.

Biomed Res Int 2018 4;2018:4210353. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Orthopedic Institute, Medical College, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, China.

The pathogenesis of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) remains unrevealed. We speculate that cartilage crack caused by joint trauma will induce local abnormal tensile stress, leading to change in extracellular matrix (ECM) expression of chondrocytes, cartilage degeneration, and initiation of osteoarthritis. Finite element model was used to examine whether the local tensile stress could be produced around the crack. Read More

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November 2018
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Network Analysis in U.S. Military Veterans: Examining the Impact of Combat Exposure.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:608. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Recent work inspired by graph theory has begun to conceptualize mental disorders as networks of interacting symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom networks have been investigated in clinical samples meeting full diagnostic criteria, including military veterans, natural disaster survivors, civilian survivors of war, and child sexual abuse survivors. Despite reliable associations across reported networks, more work is needed to compare central symptoms across trauma types. Read More

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November 2018
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