583 results match your criteria Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorders


Allogeneic transplantation for Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia with posttransplantation cyclophosphamide.

Blood Adv 2020 10;4(20):5078-5088

Division of Hematologic Malignancy and.

Allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (alloBMT) is standard of care for adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) in first complete remission (CR1). The routine pretransplant and posttransplant use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has dramatically improved outcomes, but the optimal conditioning regimen, donor type, and TKI remain undefined. The bone marrow transplant database at Johns Hopkins was queried for adult patients with de novo Ph+ ALL who received alloBMT using posttransplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as a component of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis from 2008 to 2018. Read More

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October 2020

Association between race and treatment patterns and survival outcomes in multiple myeloma: A Connect MM Registry analysis.

Cancer 2020 10 24;126(19):4332-4340. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Background: Studies have reported racial disparities in access to and use of multiple myeloma (MM) treatments between African American (AA) and White patients. Although AA patients demonstrate longer disease-specific survival, this has not uniformly translated into improved survival over time. The association between race and treatment patterns and survival outcomes was analyzed using data from the Connect MM Registry. Read More

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October 2020

Bone marrow versus mobilized peripheral blood stem cell graft in T-cell-replete haploidentical transplantation in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Leukemia 2020 10 11;34(10):2766-2775. Epub 2020 May 11.

EBMT ALWP Office, Saint Antoine Hospital, Paris, France.

The ideal stem cell graft source remains unknown in haploidentical haematopietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) with posttransplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy). This study compared outcomes of bone marrow (BM) versus peripheral blood (PB) stem cell graft for haplo-HCT in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A total of 314 patients with ALL (BM-157; PB-157) were included in this study. Read More

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October 2020

A retrospective analysis on anti-CD20 antibody-treated Epstein-Barr virus-related posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder following ATG-based haploidentical T-replete hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Ann Hematol 2020 Nov 24;99(11):2649-2657. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Hematologic Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Beijing, 100044, China.

Posttransplantation lymphoproliferation disorder (PTLD) is a life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Anti-CD20 antibody is the most widely used antibody to eliminate infected B cells. Few studies have focused on prognostic factors predicting the outcome of EBV (Epstein-Barr virus)-PTLD. Read More

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November 2020

F-FDG PET/CT in the Diagnostic and Treatment Evaluation of Pediatric Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorders.

J Nucl Med 2020 09 31;61(9):1307-1313. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) in a pediatric population and explore its feasibility during response assessment. This retrospective study included 28 pediatric transplant recipients who underwent a total of 32 F-FDG PET/CT scans due to clinical suspicion of PTLD within an 8-y period. Pathology reports and 2 y of follow-up were used as the reference standard. Read More

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September 2020

Roundtable: How I treat a newly diagnosed patient with high-risk myeloma.

Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2019 12;2019(1):120-124

Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Initial management of high-risk myeloma remains a treatment challenge. Risk is defined by a combination of clinical and biological features, with fluorescence in situ hybridization detection of specific cytogenetic abnormalities driving categorization. High-risk abnormalities include t(4;14), t(14;16), t(14;20), del(17p), and +1q. Read More

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December 2019

Ponatinib therapy in recurrent Philadelphia chromosome-positive central nervous system leukemia with T315I mutation after Allo-HSCT.

Int J Cancer 2020 08 19;147(4):1071-1077. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Central nervous system leukemia (CNSL) relapse is relatively common among Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemia patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The prognosis of patients is dismal for those with a BCR-ABL T315I mutation, which is resistant to TKIs including second-generation drugs. We assessed ponatinib for nine patients with recurrent Ph+ CNSL and a T315I mutation after allo-HSCT, including five patients with Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia and four with chronic myelogenous leukemia. Read More

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Central Nervous System Relapse After Stem Cell Transplantation in Adolescents and Young Adults with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Single-Institution Experience.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2020 04 20;9(2):166-171. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, California.

To evaluate outcomes and central nervous system (CNS) relapse in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), who underwent total body irradiation (TBI) before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). A total of 136 AYA patients with ALL who received TBI before allo-SCT between 1998 and 2018 were reviewed. Twenty patients received cranial radiation in their initial treatment before conditioning for transplant and were excluded. Read More

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A Case of Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Leiomyosarcoma Concurrently With Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorders After Renal Transplantation.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2019 31;12:1179547619867330. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Department of Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection might induce not only posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) but also leiomyosarcoma. We report a case of EBV-associated leiomyosarcoma concurrently with PTLD after renal transplantation. The patient was a 30-year-old woman who underwent living donor kidney transplantation at 27 years of age. Read More

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Central Nervous System Opportunistic Infections.

Semin Neurol 2019 06 2;39(3):383-390. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Opportunistic infections of the central nervous system are classically associated with immunosuppression arising from infection with human immunodeficiency virus and with various hematologic malignancies. However, over the past few years, they are increasingly associated with transplantation and various immunosuppressive treatments used to treat autoimmune diseases. They cause significant morbidity and mortality and remain a diagnostic challenge due to the absence of typical signs and symptoms of infection and mimicry by various noninfectious causes. Read More

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The Morphologic Features of Primary Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in the Gastrointestinal Tract: An Approach to Correct Diagnosis.

Am J Surg Pathol 2019 09;43(9):1253-1263

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpes virus that has been shown to contribute to the development of multiple tumor types. There are isolated reports on EBV infection in the gastrointestinal tract, but, notably, there are none with detailed descriptions of the morphologic features. It is believed to be difficult to generalize the histologic features, as EBV does not cause viral inclusions in infected cells. Read More

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September 2019

A retrospective analysis of haplo-identical HLA-mismatch hematopoietic transplantation without posttransplantation cyclophosphamide for GVHD prophylaxis in patients with adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2019 08 13;54(8):1266-1274. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Science, Fukuoka, Japan.

Currently, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is the only available curative modality for patients with adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL). When used in conjunction with posttransplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCY) for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis, allo-HCT from an HLA haplo-identical donor yields promising outcomes for many diseases other than ATL. However, appropriate comparisons with other donor sources, especially cord blood and conventional HLA haplo-identical donors, are needed to validate the safety and efficacy of this modality. Read More

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Case 260: Endobronchial Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disease.

Radiology 2018 12;289(3):876-880

From the Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC Box 3808, Durham, NC 27710.

History A 31-year-old woman with a history of bilateral orthotopic lung transplantation performed 10 months earlier for cystic fibrosis presented for a routine follow-up appointment, with her chief symptom being a cough. The cough started approximately 1 month prior to this appointment and was minimally productive of clear to yellow phlegm. In addition to her cough, she reported increased sinus congestion and a sensation of "something in her upper chest. Read More

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December 2018

De Novo Malignancy Following Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Focusing on Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorder.

Transplant Proc 2018 Nov 15;50(9):2699-2704. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Department of Hepatobiliary Pancreatic and Transplant Surgery, Mie University School of Medicine, Mie, Japan.

Objective: In patients with living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), late-onset complications sometimes develop because of long-term use of immunosuppressive drugs. One of the immunosuppressive drug-related complications is de novo malignancies resulting in reduced survival.

Patients And Methods: Among 153 patients undergoing LDLT, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 97 adult recipients (February 2002 to May 2017), who had been followed-up at our hospital for more than one year after LDLT. Read More

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November 2018

EBV/LMP-specific T cells maintain remissions of T- and B-cell EBV lymphomas after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

Blood 2018 11 27;132(22):2351-2361. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Center for Cancer and Immunology Research, Children's National Health System and George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Autologous T cells targeting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane proteins (LMPs) have shown safety and efficacy in the treatment of patients with type 2 latency EBV-associated lymphomas for whom standard therapies have failed, including high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem-cell rescue. However, the safety and efficacy of allogeneic donor-derived LMP-specific T cells (LMP-Ts) have not been established for patients who have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Therefore, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of donor-derived LMP-Ts in 26 patients who had undergone allogeneic HSCT for EBV-associated natural killer/T-cell or B-cell lymphomas. Read More

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November 2018

Corneal Relapse of Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Under Systemic Chemotherapy.

Cornea 2018 Dec;37(12):1593-1595

Department of Pathology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To report a patient who developed unilateral corneal stromal infiltration while undergoing systemic chemotherapy for multinodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified.

Methods: Clinical, imaging, and immunohistopathological features of a 40-year-old woman who presented with a stromal haze in the right cornea were reviewed.

Results: At initial presentation, her visual acuity in the right eye was 20/40. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of Total Body Irradiation Dose Rate on Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome in Acute Leukemia Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 01 8;103(1):180-189. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the relationship between dose rate and other factors in the development of idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia who are undergoing total body irradiation (TBI)-based myeloablative conditioning for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).

Methods And Materials: From 2006 to 2016, 202 patients with acute leukemia (111 acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 91 acute myeloid leukemia) ranging in age from 1 to 57 years (median, 25 years) underwent allogeneic HCT at University of Minnesota. Pretransplantation conditioning included cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg) with (68%) or without fludarabine (75 mg/m) followed by 13. Read More

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January 2019

Bone marrow versus mobilized peripheral blood stem cells in haploidentical transplants using posttransplantation cyclophosphamide.

Cancer 2018 04 23;124(7):1428-1437. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

Service d'Hématologie et Thérapie Cellulaire, Hôpital Saint Antoine, AP-HP, Paris, France.

Background: Incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in haploidentical bone marrow (BM) transplants using posttransplantion cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is low, whereas GVHD using mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) ranges between 30% and 40%.

Methods: To evaluate the effect of stem cell source in haploidentical transplantation with PT-Cy, we analyzed 451 patients transplanted for acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Results: BM was used in 260 patients, and PBSC were used in 191 patients. Read More

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Comprehensive review of post-organ transplant hematologic cancers.

Am J Transplant 2018 03 10;18(3):537-549. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA.

A higher risk for a variety of cancers is among the major complications of posttransplantation immunosuppression. In this part of a continuing series on cancers posttransplantation, this review focuses on the hematologic cancers after solid organ transplantation. Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs), which comprise the great majority of hematologic cancers, represent a spectrum of conditions that include, but are not limited to, the Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Read More

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Acupuncture for reduction of symptom burden in multiple myeloma patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a randomized sham-controlled trial.

Support Care Cancer 2018 02 17;26(2):657-665. Epub 2017 Sep 17.

Integrative Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1429 First Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Purpose: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is potentially curative for a number of hematologic malignancies, but is associated with high symptom burden. We conducted a randomized sham-controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate efficacy and safety of acupuncture as an integrative treatment for managing common symptoms during HCT.

Methods: Adult patients with multiple myeloma undergoing high-dose melphalan followed by autologous HCT (AHCT) were randomized to receive either true or sham acupuncture once daily for 5 days starting the day after chemotherapy. Read More

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February 2018

An Unusual Posttransplant T-cell Lymphoma After Liver Transplantation: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2017 Sep;49(7):1639-1643

Department of Pathology, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC.

Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) encompass a spectrum of heterogeneous entities ranging from benign lymphocytic proliferations to high-grade malignant lymphomas. The majority of PTLDs are associated with reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which induces B-cell proliferation and occurs in the setting of severe immune suppression after solid organ or bone marrow transplantation. T-cell/natural killer cell PTLDs are relatively rare, constituting ∼15% of all cases. Read More

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September 2017

Postrenal transplant malignancy: Incidence, risk factors, and prognosis.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2017 May-Jun;28(3):579-588

Department of Nephrology, The Urology-Nephrology Center, Mansoura, Egypt.

The newer and potent immunosuppressive agents have successfully reduced the risk of rejection after kidney transplantation, but the development of cardiovascular diseases, infections, and malignancy is major factors limiting their success. Posttransplantation malignancy is the second most common cause of death in renal transplant recipients after cardiovascular disease; it is expected that mortality due to malignancy may become the most common cause of death within the next two decades. This study is designed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and types of malignancies occurring after renal transplantation and their impact on patient and graft survival. Read More

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Aggressive angiomyxoma of transplanted kidney mimicking posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2017 Mar-Apr;28(2):425-427

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Angiomyxoma is a scarce neoplasm arising from the soft tissues of perineum and pelvis, more commonly seen in the females. For such a tumor to arise in a renal allograft is rare and has previously been reported only in few case. We report a case of aggressive angiomyxoma arising de novo in the renal allograft nine-year posttransplantation. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy Outcomes 3 Years After Switching to Belatacept From a Calcineurin Inhibitor in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Results From a Phase 2 Randomized Trial.

Am J Kidney Dis 2017 May 23;69(5):587-594. Epub 2016 Nov 23.

Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Background: In a phase 2 study, kidney transplant recipients of low immunologic risk who switched from a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) to belatacept had improved kidney function at 12 months postconversion versus those continuing CNI therapy, with a low rate of acute rejection and no transplant loss.

Study Design: 36-month follow-up of the intention-to-treat population.

Setting & Participants: CNI-treated adult kidney transplant recipients with stable transplant function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR], 35-75mL/min/1. Read More

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Nivolumab in the Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma.

Authors:
Stephen M Ansell

Clin Cancer Res 2017 Apr 23;23(7):1623-1626. Epub 2016 Nov 23.

Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Despite an extensive immune infiltrate that is recruited to the tumor by malignant Reed-Sternberg cells in Hodgkin lymphoma, the antitumor immune response is ineffective and unable to eradicate the malignant cells. The ineffective immune response is in part due to PD-1 signaling that renders intratumoral immune cells anergic. Reed-Sternberg cells have been shown to upregulate expression of the PD-1 ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, due to either genetic alterations at chromosome 9p24. Read More

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EBV-Directed T Cell Therapeutics for EBV-Associated Lymphomas.

Methods Mol Biol 2017 ;1532:255-265

The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human gamma herpes virus that establishes latency in B cells after primary infection. EBV generally only causes a mild, self-limiting viral illness but is also associated with several malignancies including posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in the immunosuppressed host as well as Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the immune competent host. The expression of EBV antigens by lymphoma has important applications as targets for adoptive T cell therapy. Read More

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January 2018

Survival Analyses and Prognosis of Plasma-Cell Myeloma and Plasmacytoma-Like Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorders.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2016 12 17;16(12):684-692.e3. Epub 2016 Sep 17.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tufts Cancer Center, Boston, MA; Department of Internal Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA.

Background: Multiple myeloma/plasmacytoma-like posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD-MM) is a rare complication of solid organ transplantation. Case series have shown variable outcomes, and survival data in the modern era are lacking.

Patients And Methods: A cohort of 212 PTLD-MM patients was identified in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients between 1999 and 2011. Read More

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December 2016

Impact of Routine Surveillance Imaging on Outcomes of Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma After Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2016 12 29;16(12):672-678. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI. Electronic address:

Background: For patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT) is commonly used. After auto-HCT, DLBCL patients are often monitored with surveillance imaging. However, there is little evidence to support this practice. Read More

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December 2016

A Violaceous Nodule in a Lung-transplant Patient.

Dermatol Online J 2016 Jun 15;22(6). Epub 2016 Jun 15.

University of Missouri School of Medicine.

Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a rare complication of solid organ or allogenic bone marrow transplantation. Cases localized to the skin are even rarer, with only around 100 cases recorded in the literature [2]. We present a case of 60 year-old-woman, a lung transplant recipient, who presented with an asymptomatic violaceous nodule on her left medial calf. Read More

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Treatment Response and Outcomes in Post-transplantation Lymphoproliferative Disease vs Lymphoma in Immunocompetent Patients.

Transplant Proc 2016 Jul-Aug;48(6):1927-33

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, Hôpital Lapeyronie, University of Montpellier Medical School, Montpellier, France.

Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after solid organ transplantation may carry a poorer prognosis than lymphoma in immunocompetent individuals, but comparative data are lacking. In a retrospective, single-center, case-control study, 21 cases of PTLD were identified in patients undergoing kidney transplantation since 2000, and compared to 42 nontransplanted controls cared for in the same institution and matched for age, prognostic index, and cerebral localization. Two-year and 5-year overall survival was 57% and 44%, respectively, in PTLD patients and 71% and 58% in controls (log-rank test P = . Read More

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