12,592 results match your criteria Postsurgical Breast Imaging


Treatment of chronic oroantral fistula with platelet-rich fibrin clot and collagen membrane: a case report.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2018 8;10:245-249. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Oral Implantology, CA Implantes, São Paulo, Brazil.

An oroantral fistula is a complication of the maxillary posterior teeth that can occur after a tooth extraction that affects the maxillary sinus. Improper management may lead to a persistent fistula, which may become chronic. In this case report, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) was used with a collagen membrane to close a chronic fistula in a single patient. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A review of the role of epidural percutaneous neuroplasty.

Pain Manag 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Vice Chair for Research & Education, Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Management, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60657, USA.

Degeneration, whether from age or postsurgical, in the ventral and lateral epidural space can lead to irritation of both the nerve roots and of the nerves present in the epidural space, the peridural membrane and the posterior longitudinal ligament. This irritation is often accompanied by mild scarring. Neuroplasty is a specific procedure designed to relieve this irritation. Read More

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December 2018

Walking to recovery: the effects of missed ambulation events on postsurgical recovery after bowel resection.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):953-961

University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Background: Early ambulation after surgery is demonstrated to reduce complications and decreases patient length of stay (LOS) as part of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program. This study hypothesizes that missed and refused ambulation attempts prolong patient LOS.

Methods: From January 2014 to December 2016, all patients admitted to one ward who had undergone bowel resection surgery were assigned a dedicated ambulation team with the goal of ambulating 3 times per day. Read More

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October 2018

The CXCL12 (SDF-1)/CXCR4 chemokine axis: Oncogenic properties, molecular targeting, and synthetic and natural product CXCR4 inhibitors for cancer therapy.

Chin J Nat Med 2018 Nov;16(11):801-810

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Intervention, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address:

Chemokine 12 (CXCL12), also known as stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and a member of the CXC chemokine subfamily, is ubiquitously expressed in many tissues and cell types. It interacts specifically with the ligand for the transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7. The CXCL12/CXCR4 axis takes part in a series of physiological, biochemical, and pathological process, such as inflammation and leukocyte trafficking, cancer-induced bone pain, and postsurgical pain, and also is a key factor in the cross-talking between tumor cells and their microenvironment. Read More

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November 2018

Multilobar resections for 3t mri-negative epilepsy: worth the trouble?

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Germany; Department OF Neuropediatrics, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objective: Multilobar resections for MRI-negative drug-resistant epilepsy warrant attention since they account for up to one-third of MRI-negative epilepsy surgery. Despite their high relevance, data is sparse, and the risk-benefit ratio is yet under debate. This study aimed to investigate the postsurgical seizure outcomes in this particularly challenging subgroup. Read More

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November 2018

Value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography in the diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes and N-stage of gastric cancer.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 2:300060518800611. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Medical Imaging, Affiliated People's Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To establish new diagnostic criteria for improvement of the accuracy of multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) in diagnosing the N-stage and lymph node (LN) metastasis of gastric cancer (GC).

Methods: MSCT was performed with plain and triphasic dynamic contrast enhancement. Different regions of LN metastasis and N-staging were determined according to the herein-proposed combined diagnostic criteria and were then correlated with the pathological analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Retrospective Analysis of 60 Consecutive Cases of Ambulatory Surgical Treatment With Local Anesthesia.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Dec 2:1558944718813721. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

3 Centro Universitário Serra dos Órgãos, Teresópolis, Brazil.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ambulatory open surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome with local anesthesia and without tourniquet ischemia, sedation by an anesthesiologist, or hospitalization.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 60 consecutive cases performed during 1 year was conducted, excluding other compressive or noncompressive neuropathies. The criteria for treatment efficacy were improvements in symptoms and recurrence rates, and the safety criterion was the presence of complications. Read More

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December 2018

Dexmedetomidine Use in a Tertiary Care NICU: A Descriptive Study.

Ann Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3:1060028018812089. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2 Department of Peditrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Continuous infusions of dexmedetomidine are increasingly used for sedation in critically ill pediatric patients. Emerging data suggest potential benefits when used for sedation in neonates, including reduced sedative requirements and earlier enteral feeds.

Objective: To describe the use, adverse effects, and signs of withdrawal in a cohort of neonates receiving dexmedetomidine, the majority of whom were receiving concomitant opioids. Read More

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December 2018

Ischemic Complications After High-Grade Glioma Resection Could Interfere With Residual Tumor Detection With 18F-Fluorocholine PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

From the Departments of Nuclear Medicine.

Ischemic complications after resection of high-grade glioma are frequent and may constitute potential cause of false-positive results in postsurgical evaluation using F-fluorocholine PET/CT. On the other hand, hypoxia caused by ischemia promotes invasive glioma growth. We present 3 cases of patients with different grades of ischemic injury after resection of high-grade glioma. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A Descriptive, Qualitative Study to Explore the Pain Experience During Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Postsurgical Abdominal Wounds.

Ostomy Wound Manage 2018 Dec;64(12):38-48

Trakya University, Edime, Turkey.

Pain during negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been reported in the literature.

Purpose: The study was conducted to describe patients' pain experience, pain-coping skills, and the effect of NPWT-related pain on daily life activities following abdominal surgery.

Method: Using a descriptive, qualitative design, semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted between April 3, 2016 and December 26, 2016, in the surgical ward of a university hospital in Edirne, Turkey. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Transcranial direct current stimulation to prevent and treat surgery-induced opioid dependence: a systematic review.

Pain Manag 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Neuromodulation Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02129, USA.

Opioid misuse leading to dependence is a major health issue. Recent studies explored valid alternatives to treat pain in postsurgical settings. This systematic review aims to discuss the role of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in preventing and treating postoperative pain and opioid dependence. Read More

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December 2018

Comparing external and internal validation methods in correcting outcome misclassification bias in logistic regression: A simulation study and application to the case of postsurgical venous thromboembolism following total hip and knee arthroplasty.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Purpose: We assessed the validity of postsurgery venous thromboembolism (VTE) diagnoses identified from administrative databases and compared Bayesian and multiple imputation (MI) approaches in correcting for outcome misclassification in logistic regression models.

Methods: Sensitivity and specificity of postsurgery VTE among patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR) were assessed against chart review in six Montreal hospitals in 2009 to 2010. Administrative data on all THR/TKR Quebec patients in 2009 to 2010 were obtained. Read More

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December 2018

Carotid Artery Stenting Without Embolic Protection Device: A Single-Center Experience.

J Endovasc Ther 2018 Dec 4:1526602818816656. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1 Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria, Negrar, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carotid artery stenting (CAS) performed without an embolic protection device (EPD) in a selected group of asymptomatic patients with primary internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis or restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).

Materials And Methods: Between May 2015 and May 2018, 77 patients (mean age 77 years; 60 men) underwent CAS without any embolic protection device. Forty-seven (61%) patients had primary ICA stenosis and were excluded from CEA because of high surgical risk; the other 30 (39%) patients had post-CEA restenosis (n=26) or a distal ICA flap after eversion CEA (n=4). Read More

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December 2018

Diagnostic and prognostic value of noninvasive long-term video-electroencephalographic monitoring in epilepsy surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the E-PILEPSY consortium.

Epilepsia 2018 Dec 22;59(12):2272-2283. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurology, Christian-Doppler-Klinik, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Objective: The European Union-funded E-PILEPSY network (now continuing within the European Reference Network for rare and complex epilepsies [EpiCARE]) aims to harmonize and optimize presurgical diagnostic procedures by creating and implementing evidence-based guidelines across Europe. The present study evaluates the current evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of long-term video-electroencephalographic monitoring (LTM) in identifying the epileptogenic zone in epilepsy surgery candidates.

Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

National variation in opioid prescribing after pediatric umbilical hernia repair.

Surgery 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI.

Background: Pediatric umbilical hernia repair is a common procedure that requires minimal tissue disruption. We examined variation in opioid prescription fills after repair of uncomplicated umbilical hernias to characterize the types and doses of medication used and persistent postsurgical use.

Methods: Using the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan© Research Database for June 2012-September 2015, we identified pediatric patients undergoing umbilical hernia repair. Read More

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November 2018

Recurrent Neck Lymphangioma in a Young Adult: Twenty-Three Years After Successful Treatment.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2018 Nov 29:1538574418814057. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

4 ENT Clinic of Red Cross Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Lymphangiomas are rare benign malformations of the lymphatic system, commonly present in children, over the head and neck area. Occasionally, they can grow significantly in size and especially those located over the cervical region can cause airway obstruction and become life-threatening. Recurrent lymphangiomas usually occur during the early postsurgical period and 80% of them within the first 3 to 5 years. Read More

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November 2018

Bone Matrix Mineralization in Patients with Gain-of-Function Calcium-Sensing Receptor Mutations is Distinctly Different from that in Postsurgical Hypoparathyroidism.

J Bone Miner Res 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology at the Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, 1st Medical Dept. at the Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria.

The role of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) as a regulator of parathyroid hormone secretion is well established, but its function in bone is less well defined. In an effort to elucidate the CaSR's skeletal role, bone tissue and material characteristics from patients with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia (ADH), a genetic form of primary hypoparathyroidism caused by CASR gain-of-function mutations, were compared to patients with postsurgical hypoparathyroidism (PSH). Bone structure and formation/resorption indices and mineralization density distribution (BMDD), were examined in transiliac biopsy samples from PSH (n = 13) and ADH (n = 6) patients by histomorphometry and quantitative backscatter electron imaging, respectively. Read More

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November 2018

Evidence-Based Pain Management: Building on the Foundations of Cochrane Systematic Reviews.

Am J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:e1-e4. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Dominic Aldington is with the Royal Hampshire County Hospital, Winchester, UK. Chris Ecclestone is with the Centre for Pain Medicine Research, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

We discuss the history and current status of evidence-based medicine for the prevention and treatment of acute and chronic pain as it has developed in the Cochrane Collaboration's Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Review Group. To date, the Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Review Group has published 277 reviews and a further 11 reviews of systematic reviews summarizing the evidence for interventions. The Cochrane Library has readily available high-quality summaries of evidence of pharmacological interventions especially for postsurgical pain but also for chronic musculoskeletal and neuropathic pain. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

1470 nm Diode Laser Enucleation versus Plasmakinetic Bipolar Resection of the Prostate for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: a Randomized Study.

J Endourol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Shanghai 5th People's Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Department of Urology, Shanghai, China ;

Objective: The purpose of the current work was to comparatively assess 1470 nm diode laser enucleation (DiLEP) and plasmakinetic bipolar resection (PKRP) of the prostate for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Patients And Methods: From January 2016 to March 2017, 157 individuals with bladder outflow obstruction caused by BPH were randomized to DiLEP and PKRP groups, for prospective analysis. Of these, 152 cases were evaluated before operation and at 3, 6 and 12-month post-surgery. Read More

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November 2018

Surgical adhesions in mice are derived from mesothelial cells and can be targeted by antibodies against mesothelial markers.

Sci Transl Med 2018 Nov;10(469)

Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease,Helmholtz Zentrum München, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Munich, Germany.

Peritoneal adhesions are fibrous tissues that tether organs to one another or to the peritoneal wall and are a major cause of postsurgical and infectious morbidity. The primary molecular chain of events leading to the initiation of adhesions has been elusive, chiefly due to the lack of an identifiable cell of origin. Using clonal analysis and lineage tracing, we have identified injured surface mesothelium expressing podoplanin (PDPN) and mesothelin (MSLN) as a primary instigator of peritoneal adhesions after surgery in mice. Read More

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November 2018

Carotid surgical cut-down technique for neuroendovascular therapy.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Nov 28:1591019918815920. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Dokkyo Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Japan.

Background: Neuroendovascular therapy is typically performed via the femoral artery, but there are rare cases in which a tortuous upstream angioarchitecture makes it difficult to access the intracranial circulation via this route.

Methods: In this case series, we describe six cases treated by surgical cut-down in the neck, with puncture of the carotid artery. Antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents were used in all cases. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Transcortical insular glioma resection: clinical outcome and predictors.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Oct 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEInsular lobe gliomas continue to challenge neurosurgeons due to their complex anatomical position. Transcortical and transsylvian corridors remain the primary approaches for reaching the insula, but the adoption of one technique over the other remains controversial. The authors analyzed the transcortical approach of resecting insular gliomas in the context of patient tumor location based on the Berger-Sinai classification, achievable extents of resection (EORs), overall survival (OS), and postsurgical neurological outcome. Read More

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October 2018

Anesthetic Management for Medialization Laryngoplasty Performed Under Concurrent Dexmedetomidine, Remifentanil, and Propofol Infusions.

J Voice 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Mayo Clinic Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Introduction: Type I thyroplasty, or medialization larygoplasty (ML), is a procedure which improves the voice by medializing a vocal fold with a permanent implant. Anesthetic management of these cases is challenging because patients can require periods of deep sedation followed by fully awake moments for phonation to assess the implant size. We present our experience of ML with or without arytenoid adduction (AA) using a multimodal anesthetic regimen consisting of concurrent infusions of dexmedetomidine, remifentanil, and propofol. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Donor-Site Morbidity After Osteocutaneous Free Fibula Transfer: Longitudinal Analysis of Gait Performance.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Professor, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate donor-site clinical morbidity and changes in kinematic gait parameters after the harvest of a vascularized free fibula flap for facial reconstruction.

Materials And Methods: We enrolled 14 patients (aged 50 ± 15 years) in a longitudinal study. Every patient underwent a double evaluation in which a presurgical assessment and 6-month postsurgical assessment were performed. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Antifouling Super Water Absorbent Supramolecular Polymer Hydrogel as an Artificial Vitreous Body.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2018 Nov 25;5(11):1800711. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Materials Science and Engineering Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composite and Functional Materials Tianjin University Tianjin 300350 China.

Recently, there has been a high expectation that high water absorbent hydrogels can be developed as an artificial vitreous body. However, the drawbacks associated with in vivo instability, biofouling, uncontrollable in situ reaction time, and injection-induced precrosslinked fragmentation preclude their genuine use as vitreous substitutes. Here, a supramolecular binary copolymer hydrogel termed as PNAGA-PCBAA by copolymerization of -acryloyl glycinamide (NAGA) and carboxybetaine acrylamide (CBAA) is prepared. Read More

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November 2018

Charlson Comorbidity Index Predicts 5-Year Survivorship of Surgically Treated Hip Fracture Patients.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2018 21;9:2151459318806442. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Introduction: This study aims to assess the correlation of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) with 5-year mortality in a surgically treated hip fracture population.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 1057 patients aged 60 years and above who underwent surgery for hip fracture with a minimum of 5-year follow-up (92.2% 5-year follow-up rate) in a tertiary hospital. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Investigating rates of reoperation or postsurgical gastroparesis following fundoplication or paraesophageal hernia repair in New York State.

Surg Endosc 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Bariatric, Foregut and Advanced Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Background: Little is known of the natural history of fundoplication or paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair in terms of reoperation or the incidence treatment of postsurgical gastroparesis (PSG) in large series. Repeat fundoplications or PEH repairs, as well as pyloroplasty/pyloromyotomy operations, have proven to be effective in the context of PSG or recurrence. In this study, we analyzed the incidences of PSG and risk factors for these revisional surgeries following fundoplication and PEH repair procedures in the state of New York. Read More

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November 2018

Preoperative Psychosocial and Psychophysical Phenotypes as Predictors of Acute Pain Outcomes after Breast Surgery.

J Pain 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

The severity and impact of acute pain after breast surgery varies markedly among individuals, underlining the importance of comprehensively identifying specific risk factors, including psychosocial and psychophysical traits. In this prospective observational study, women (n=234) undergoing breast-conserving surgery, mastectomy, or mastectomy with reconstruction completed a brief bedside quantitative sensory testing (QST) battery, along with measures of psychosocial characteristics. Postoperative pain severity, impact, and opioid use at 2 weeks were assessed using Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and procedure-specific breast cancer pain questionnaires. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The effects of cryotherapy on vocal fold healing in a rabbit model.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives/hypothesis: Cryotherapy has been shown to be a scarless treatment modality for dermal lesions; however, there are limited data addressing the effect of cryotherapy on vocal fold tissue. The aim of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of cryotherapy for prevention of postsurgical vocal fold scarring.

Study Design: Prospective animal study in rabbits. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Safety and Efficacy of Bupivacaine HCl Collagen-Matrix Implant (INL-001) in Open Inguinal Hernia Repair: Results from Two Randomized Controlled Trials.

Adv Ther 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Innocoll, Newtown Square, PA, USA.

Introduction: Surgical site infiltration with bupivacaine results in short-lived analgesia. The MATRIX-1 and MATRIX-2 studies examined the efficacy and safety of the bioresorbable bupivacaine HCl collagen-matrix implant (INL-001) for postsurgical pain after open inguinal hernia repair. INL-001, designed to provide early and extended delivery of bupivacaine, provides prolonged duration of perioperative analgesia. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Reliability and accuracy of delirium assessments among investigators at multiple international centres.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 21;8(11):e023137. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University in Saint Louis School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.

Introduction: Delirium is a common, serious postoperative complication. For clinical studies to generate valid findings, delirium assessments must be standardised and administered accurately by independent researchers. The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a widely used delirium assessment tool. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Short- and long-term outcomes after postsurgical acute kidney injury requiring dialysis.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 26;10:1583-1598. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan,

Objective: Prompt assessment of perioperative complications is critical for the comprehensive care of surgical patients. Acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) is associated with high mortality, yet little is known about how long-term outcomes of patients have evolved. The association of AKI-D with postsurgical outcomes has not been well studied. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

ypTNM category combined with AJCC tumor regression grade for screening patients with the worst prognosis after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 31;10:5219-5225. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China,

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of the postsurgical pathological T and N (ypTN) category combined with the American Joint Committee on Cancer-tumor regression grade (AJCC-TRG) in evaluating the prognosis of neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NeoCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) to screen for a subgroup of patients with the worst prognosis.

Patients And Methods: In total, 265 patients with LARC were enrolled in the trial. All patients received NeoCRT. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

The Transition to Data-Driven Quality Metrics: Determining the Optimal Surveillance Period for Complications After Surgery.

J Surg Res 2018 Dec 18;232:332-337. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Center for Surgery and Public Health, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Thirty-day complications frequently serve in the surgical literature as a quality indicator. This metric is not meant to capture the full array of complication resulting from surgical intervention. However, this period is largely based on convention, with little evidence to support it. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cellular Barcoding Identifies Clonal Substitution as a Hallmark of Local Recurrence in a Surgical Model of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cell Rep 2018 Nov;25(8):2208-2222.e7

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Local recurrence after surgery for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains a common event associated with a dismal prognosis. Improving this outcome requires a better understanding of cancer cell populations that expand from postsurgical minimal residual disease (MRD). Therefore, we assessed clonal dynamics in a surgical model of barcoded HNSCC growing in the submental region of immunodeficient mice. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Differences in Calcium Metabolism and Thyroid Physiology After Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass.

Obes Surg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, TC. Sağlık Bakanlığı, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery may modulate the hormones and elements which maintain thyroid and calcium homeostasis. These adaptations in hormonal and elemental aspects have previously been determined via some studies with variations in their findings. Thyroid volume and 24-h urinary calcium are two parameters which have not been investigated regarding whether they change during the bariatric postsurgical period. Read More

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November 2018

Preemptive Effect of Intraurethral Instillation of Ketamine-lidocaine Gel on Postoperative Catheter-related Bladder Discomfort after Lumbar Spine Surgery.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1057-1060

Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is one of the main reasons of agitation after surgery, leading to urgency and frequency during recovery. Ketamine has been used as an effective drug for reducing the signs and severity of this problem. We hypothesized that intraurethral instillation of ketamine-lidocaine gel before urinary catheterization can reduce the incidence of CRBD in the postoperative period. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparative Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes of Laser Skin Resurfacing Using an Ultra-Pulse Carbon Dioxide Laser and Manual Dermabrasion Using a Medium-Grit Drywall Sand Screen for Scar Revision in Adults: A Split-Scar Prospective Study.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Lecturer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, MGM Dental College & Hospital, Navi Mumbai, India.

Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of laser skin resurfacing using an ultra-pulse carbon dioxide (CO) laser and manual dermabrasion with a medium-grit drywall sand screen for scar revision in adults with Fitzpatrick skin type III to V.

Materials And Methods: A total of 20 postsurgical and post-traumatic scars in individuals with Fitzpatrick skin type III to V were included in this study. Preoperative evaluation of the scars was performed by 3 blinded observers using the Manchester scar rating scale. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Postcardiovascular Surgery Findings of the Thoracic Aorta.

Radiol Clin North Am 2019 Jan 31;57(1):213-231. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Radiology, St Luke's Hospital of Kansas City, 4401 Wornall Road, Kansas City, MO 64111, USA.

Various disease processes may affect the ascending thoracic aorta, aortic arch, and/or descending thoracic aorta, including aneurysms, dissections, intramural hematomas, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers, and aortic transection/rupture. Many of those conditions require surgical intervention for repair. Multiple open and endovascular techniques are used for treatment of thoracic aortic pathology. Read More

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January 2019

ANNALS EXPRESS: A retrospective pilot study to examine the potential of aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio as a predictor of post-operative acute kidney injury in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Ann Clin Biochem 2018 Nov 19:4563218817797. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

Background: The aspartate aminotransferase (AST) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio(AST/ALT) is an independent predictor of hepatic disease.

Objectives: To evaluate the association between pre-operative AST/ALT and post-operative acute kidney injury(AKI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.

Methods: A total of 422 hepatitis B- or C- virus associated HCC patients, who underwent hepatectomy between September 2012 and April 2018, were enrolled this retrospective study. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Safety of Gabapentin and Pregabalin for Pain in Children and Adolescents.

Anesth Analg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

From the Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology Research Group, Discipline of Pharmacology, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The barriers to opioid use in some countries necessitate the need to identify suitable alternatives or adjuncts for pain relief. The gabapentinoids (gabapentin and pregabalin) are approved for the management of persistent pain in adults, but not in children. Searches were conducted in Embase, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science up until November 2017, for randomized controlled trials that investigated the analgesic effects of gabapentin or pregabalin in children and adolescents <18 years of age. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Predictors to quality-of-life improvements after subthalamic stimulation in Parkinson's disease.

Acta Neurol Scand 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurology & National Clinical Research Center for Aging and Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China.

Introduction: Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) has been reported to improve the quality of life (QoL) related to Parkinson's disease (PD). However, not all subjects are satisfied with the postsurgical QoL outcome. We aimed to detect the related factors and possible predictors to QoL improvement for those PD patients one year after STN DBS. Read More

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November 2018

Prosthetic rehabilitation of resected orbit in a case of mucormycosis.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018 Oct-Dec;18(4):364-369

Senior Research Associate, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India.

The design of orbital prosthesis to rehabilitate patients with orbital exenteration depends on the underlying clinical condition, material chosen for prosthesis, method of retention of the prosthesis, and and preference of the patient. Rehabilitation of a patient with orbital exenteration due to mucormycosis has been described by fabricating a prosthesis that used polymethyl methacrylate (to fabricate a conformer) and silicone material (to fabricate prosthetic superstructure). The two-component prosthesis was designed to attain dual mechanical retention using an anatomic undercut (conformer) and manually created mechanical undercut (prosthetic superstructure). Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Anastomotic reconstruction and external drainage of Wirsung's duct as treatment for pancreaticojejunal stenosis following pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Cir Esp 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Unidad de Cirugía HPB y Trasplante de Órganos Abdominales, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España; Departamento de Cirugía de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Stenosis of the pancreaticodigestive anastomosis (pancreaticogastrostomy and pancreaticojejunostomy) is a very rare complication that usually develops several years after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Only a few cases have been previously reported. We have reviewed the literature and present 2 more cases of pancreaticojejunostomy stenosis that started with episodes of recurrent acute pancreatitis 6 years and 1 year after PD, respectively. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Comparison of Nasal Symmetry Between Presurgical Nasal Stenting and Postsurgical Nasal Retainer Placement in Unilateral Clefts.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo.

The timing of cleft lip nose surgery remains controversial. The less invasive the procedure at the time of primary cleft lip repair, the less the growth and development of the nose is affected. Therefore, the nasal-stenting component of presurgical nasoalveolar molding has increasingly been used. Read More

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November 2018

Surgical consideration in Hunter syndrome: a case of hydrocephalus and a case of epidural hematoma.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

Introduction: Hunter syndrome (HS) is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder which affects multiple organ systems. Surgical intervention and general anesthesia should be used with caution because of significant airway complications.

Case Report: Two HS patients underwent surgery with different prognosis are presented below. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
1.160 Impact Factor

SEPROGADIC - serum protein-based gastric cancer prediction model for prognosis and selection of proper adjuvant therapy.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 15;8(1):16892. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Center for Theragnosis, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 5 Hwarangro-14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02792, Republic of Korea.

Gastric cancer (GC) patients usually receive surgical treatment. Postoperative therapeutic options such as anticancer adjuvant therapies (AT) based on prognostic prediction models would provide patient-specific treatment to decrease postsurgical morbidity and mortality rates. Relevant prognostic factors in resected GC patient's serum may improve therapeutic measures in a non-invasive manner. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Natural History of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in Adults: Serial Evaluation with High-Resolution CISS.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

From the Departments of Radiology and Radiological Sciences (M.T., A.M.B.)

Background And Purpose: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy is a well-accepted treatment choice for hydrocephalus and is used most frequently with a known impediment to CSF flow between the third ventricle and basal cisterns. However, there are scarce data on the imaging evolution of the defect in the floor of the third ventricle and how this affects patency rates and clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess whether, and how, the endoscopic third ventriculostomy defect changes in size with time. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Innovative surgical guidance for label-free real-time parathyroid identification.

Surgery 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Vanderbilt Biophotonics Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. Electronic address:

Background: Difficulty in identifying the parathyroid gland during neck operations can lead to accidental parathyroid gland excisions and postsurgical hypocalcemia. A clinical prototype called as PTeye was developed to guide parathyroid gland identification using a fiber-optic probe that detects near-infrared autofluorescence from parathyroid glands as operating room lights remain on. An Overlay Tissue Imaging System was designed concurrently to detect near-infrared autofluorescence and project visible light precisely onto parathyroid gland location. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Bioabsorbable steroid-releasing implants in the frontal sinus ostia: a pooled analysis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Intersect ENT, Inc, Menlo Park, CA.

Background: Bioabsorbable steroid-releasing implants (mometasone furoate, 370 μg) are effective for improving postsurgical outcomes in the frontal sinus ostia (FSO). In this study we evaluated the effect of these implants on frontal outcomes in various patient subgroups with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) using pooled data from 2 randomized, controlled trials (RCTs).

Methods: A total of 160 subjects were enrolled in 2 RCTs. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads