7,913 results match your criteria Postpartum Depression


Developing and Pretesting a Survey About Immigrant Women's Experiences With Postpartum Depression Screening.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Objective: To develop a survey about immigrant women's experiences with and reasons for seeking postpartum depression (PPD) screening, to assess content validity of the survey, and to evaluate the cultural and linguistic appropriateness and acceptability for immigrant women of the survey.

Design: Guided by the Theory of Care-Seeking Behavior, this three-phase descriptive study involved survey development, pretesting, and revisions.

Setting: A Midwestern, university town. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Behavioural and psychiatric phenotypes in female carriers of genetic mutations associated with X-linked ichthyosis.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(2):e0212330. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics and Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a rare X-linked dermatological condition arising from deficiency for the enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS). STS is normally expressed in the brain, and males with XLI exhibit personality differences from males in the general population, and are at increased risk of developmental and mood disorders. As the STS gene escapes X-inactivation, female carriers of XLI-associated genetic mutations have reduced STS expression/activity relative to non-carrier females, and could manifest similar behavioural phenotypes to males with XLI. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212330PLOS
February 2019

Maternal Depression and Stress in the NICU: Associations With Mother-Child Interactions at Age 5 Years.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

Objective: Previous studies suggest that maternal postpartum mental health issues may impact parenting and child development in preterm infants, but have often not measured symptomatology in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) nor followed families through early childhood. This study examines how maternal depressive symptoms and stress in the NICU are related to parenting behaviors at age 5 years, in mothers of children born very preterm (≤30 weeks gestation).

Method: This longitudinal study followed a diverse sample of 74 very preterm children and their mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.08.016DOI Listing
January 2019

High- versus low-intensity interventions for perinatal depression delivered by non-specialist primary maternal care providers in Nigeria: cluster randomised controlled trial (the EXPONATE trial).

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Associate Professor,Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry,McGill University; andResearch Director,Department of Psychiatry,Jewish General Hospital,Canada.

Background: Contextually appropriate interventions delivered by primary maternal care providers (PMCPs) might be effective in reducing the treatment gap for perinatal depression.AimTo compare high-intensity treatment (HIT) with low-intensity treatment (LIT) for perinatal depression.

Method: Cluster randomised clinical trial, conducted in Ibadan, Nigeria between 18 June 2013 and 11 December 2015 in 29 maternal care clinics allocated by computed-generated random sequence (15 HIT; 14 LIT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.4DOI Listing
February 2019

Postpartum depression prevalence and risk factors among Indigenous, non-Indigenous and immigrant women in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Objectives: The social position of different minority groups in contemporary societies suggests different risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD). In this study, we used two cut-offs of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) to examine prevalence and risk factors for PPD among mothers participating in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), and to compare Indigenous, Canadian-born non-Indigenous and immigrant mothers.

Methods: We used cross-sectional nationwide data from the 2006 MES (unweighted N = 6237, weighted N = 74,231) and conducted multivariate logistic regression models for EPDS ≥ 10 and EPDS ≥ 13 to explore risk factors for the total sample of mothers and in each study group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00182-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Domain-specific physical activity and sedentary behavior during pregnancy and postpartum depression risk in the French EDEN and ELFE cohorts.

Prev Med 2019 Feb 11;121:33-39. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

INSERM, UMR1153 Epidemiology and Biostatistics Sorbonne Paris Cité Center (CRESS), Developmental Origins of Health and disease (ORCHAD) Team, Villejuif F-94807, France; Paris Descartes University, France.

The potential beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on postpartum depressive symptoms (PPD) remain inconclusive. Using data from two prospective French birth cohorts, we aimed to examine the relationship between domain-specific physical activity (including leisure-time sedentary behavior) in pregnancy and the occurrence of PPD. Participants of the ELFE cohort (n = 15,538) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ), which assesses the following physical activity/sedentary behavior domains: household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation and leisure-time sedentary behavior during the third pregnancy trimester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness of a Technology-Based Supportive Educational Parenting Program on Parental Outcomes (Part 1): Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 13;21(2):e10816. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Singapore Clinical Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Transitioning into parenthood can be stressful for new parents, especially with the lack of continuity of care from health care professionals during the postpartum period. Short hospital stays limit the availability of support and time parents need to be well equipped with parenting and infant care skills. Poor parental adjustment may, in turn, lead to negative parental outcomes and adversely affect the child's development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10816DOI Listing
February 2019

Sensitivity and specificity of the three Whooley and Arroll questions for detecting perinatal depression in Mexican women.

Salud Publica Mex 2019 Ene-Feb;61(1):27-34

Escuela de Medicina, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. Puebla, México.

Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the Two Whooley questions and the Arroll question, using the SCID, The Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) as the gold standard for detecting perinatal depression.

Materials And Methods: We interviewed 210 women during pregnancy and 6 months postpartum.

Results: The criterion with the greatest sensitivity was responding positively to either Whooley question (pregnancy= 94. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9083DOI Listing
September 2017

Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

JAMA 2019 02;321(6):580-587

Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts.

Importance: Perinatal depression, which is the occurrence of a depressive disorder during pregnancy or following childbirth, affects as many as 1 in 7 women and is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and the postpartum period. It is well established that perinatal depression can result in adverse short- and long-term effects on both the woman and child.

Objective: To issue a new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on interventions to prevent perinatal depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.0007DOI Listing
February 2019
35.289 Impact Factor

Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.

JAMA 2019 02;321(6):588-601

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine.

Importance: Depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period is relatively common and can have adverse effects on both mother and child.

Objective: To systematically review benefits and harms of primary care-relevant interventions to prevent perinatal depression, a major or minor depressive episode during pregnancy or up to 1 year after childbirth, to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMED (for publisher-supplied records only), PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; surveillance through December 5, 2018. Read More

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http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jama.20
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.20865DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Translation, validation and factor structure of the Tamil version of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ-T).

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Jan 30;40:62-67. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Dhanvantri Nagar, Puducherry - 605006.

Background: The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire was developed in English for the purpose of screening for bonding disorders among postpartum mothers. There was a felt need for a Tamil translation of the self-rated instrument.

Methods: The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire was translated into Tamil (PBQ-T). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Insomnia late in pregnancy is associated with perinatal anxiety: A longitudinal cohort study.

J Affect Disord 2019 Jan 28;248:155-165. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

HØKH, Research Unit, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, Campus Ahus, University of Oslo, Lørenskog, Norway; Department for Infant Mental Health, Regional Center for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Postpartum anxiety (PPA) affects a substantial number of women. Despite increasing recognition of PPA, few studies have focused on perinatal anxiety and potential PPA triggers. Here we aimed to estimate the prevalence of perinatal anxiety disorders, and to explore the association between insomnia during late pregnancy and anxiety before and after childbirth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.027DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The association between Gestational Diabetes and Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

MSc of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, 69391-77143, Iran. Electronic address:

Aims: Postpartum period is a critical period for mothers, which is often accompanied by increased risk of depression. Many studies have evaluated the relationship between gestational diabetes (GDM) and postpartum depression (PPD), but contradictory results have been reported. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between gestational diabetes and Postpartum Depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.01.034DOI Listing
February 2019

Preventive health services for young children in Israel: historical development and current challenges.

Isr J Health Policy Res 2019 Feb 7;8(1):23. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Jerusalem District Health Office - Ministry of Health, 86 Jaffa Road, 94341, Jerusalem, Israel.

Purpose: Pediatric preventive health services are delivered in many different formats throughout the world. In Israel, these services for young children are provided in designated Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC). The history and operation of Israel's MCHC have been described primarily in the Hebrew language medical literature with most of these reports being over a decade old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13584-019-0287-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366089PMC
February 2019
1 Read

How diet, physical activity and psychosocial well-being interact in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an integrative review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 7;19(1):60. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Institute of Higher Education and Research in Healthcare (IUFRS), University of Lausanne, 1010, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with future cardio-metabolic risks for the mother and her child. In addition, one-third of women with recent GDM develop postpartum depression. Given these adverse impacts of GDM on the health of the mother and her offspring, it is important to intervene on modifiable factors, such as diet, physical activity, and psychosocial well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2185-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367798PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Like mother, like child? Maternal determinants of children's early social-emotional development.

Infant Ment Health J 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Child Neuropsychology Section, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Germany.

Social-Emotional competencies evolve early in life. For example, early emotion regulation is learned primarily in the context of mother-child interaction, which may allow for maternal influences to shape children's social-emotional development. The aim of the current study was to longitudinally examine maternal determinants of children's early social-emotional development in a community-based sample of first-time mothers (N = 61, aged 22-39 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21765DOI Listing
February 2019

Pregnancy outcomes in women with spinal cord injuries: a population-based study.

PM R 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Pregnant women with congenital or acquired spinal cord injury face challenges due to compromised neurological function and mobility; factors that may also affect fetal/infant health. Few studies have examined pregnancy course and longer-term outcomes in this population.

Objective: To assess pregnancy outcomes among women with spinal cord injury, paralysis, or spina bifida using population-based data. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmrj.12122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12122DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Integrated mental health care in a multidisciplinary maternal and child health service in the community: the findings from the Suzaka trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 6;19(1):58. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Research Center for Overwork-Related Disorders, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan Organization of Occupational Health and Safety, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Perinatal mental health problems such as mood disorders are common. We propose a new multidisciplinary health service intervention program providing continuous support to women and their children from the start of pregnancy till after childbirth. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the program with respect to making women's mental health better in the postpartum period and improving the state of care for women and their children in the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2179-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364479PMC
February 2019

[Association between unwillingness to deliver a next child and preterm delivery: a study based on the Healthy Parents and Children 21].

Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 2019 ;66(1):15-22

Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School Department of Interdisciplinary Research, University of Yamanashi.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11236/jph.66.1_15DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Screening and barriers for treatment of postpartum depression in Chilean public primary health care centers].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Sep;146(9):1001-1007

Departamento de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a public health issue, and appropriate screening may lead to clinical gains.

Aim: To describe the screening for PPD, its relationship with the use of health care services, and treatment access barriers in Chilean public primary health care (PHC) centers.

Material And Methods: Puerperal women attending PHC centers for a well-child check-up were assessed for the presence of PPD using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and a structured psychiatric interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018000901001DOI Listing
September 2018

Characteristics of women with different perinatal depression trajectories.

J Neurosci Res 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Maternal perinatal depression (PND), a common mental disorder with a prevalence of over 10%, is associated with long-term health risks for both mothers and offspring. This study aimed at describing characteristics related to background and lifestyle, pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum of different PND trajectories defined according to the onset of depressive symptoms. Participants were drawn from a large population-based cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden (n = 2,466). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.24390DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Effects of male postpartum depression on father-infant interaction: The mediating role of face processing.

Infant Ment Health J 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

School of Health, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

It is estimated that postpartum depression affects up to 25% of men. Despite such high prevalence, the majority of studies on postpartum depression are focused on mothers, and the role of paternal depression and its effects on infant development have been overlooked by researchers and clinicians. The present study aimed to fill this gap by investigating the effect of paternal postpartum depression on father-infant interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21769DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of postpartum depression service use: A theory-informed, integrative systematic review.

Authors:
Rena Bina

Women Birth 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

The Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social Work, Bar Ilan University, 5290002 Ramat Gan, Israel. Electronic address:

Problem: Postpartum depression affects many women globally, yet rates of treatment use are low. A comprehensive view of factors associated with treatment use, from women's and providers' perspectives, based on a theoretical model is lacking.

Background: Several studies examined various factors associated with postpartum depression service use; however, each study focused on a small number of factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Use of Text Messaging for Postpartum Depression Screening and Information Provision.

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Feb 5:appips201800269. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychiatry (Lawson, Dalfen) and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Murphy, Milligan), Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto; Department of Psychiatry (Lawson, Dalfen, Lancee) and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Murphy, Milligan), University of Toronto, Toronto.

Objective:: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using text messages to enhance mental health screening and education of women in the immediate postpartum period.

Methods:: A total of 937 postpartum women were recruited from an obstetrics and gynecology clinic of a large urban hospital. Participants received a text message containing a two-question screen for postpartum depression every two weeks and three text messages per week about postpartum mental health for the first 12 weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800269DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Identifying clusters from multidimensional symptom trajectories in postpartum women.

Res Nurs Health 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Depressive symptoms, stress, fatigue, and lack of sleep are often experienced by women in the perinatal period and are potential contributors to adverse maternal and child health outcomes. To explore the evolution of symptoms and identify groups of women of similar severity and patterns, we utilized clustering of multidimensional symptom trajectories. In an observational study data were collected from pregnant women in the 3rd trimester (36 weeks prenatal) and in the postnatal period at weeks 1 and 2 as well as at 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-months postpartum. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/nur.21935
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nur.21935DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of postpartum depression regarding mode of delivery: a cross-sectional study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 31:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine , Suez Canal University , Ismailia , Egypt.

Purpose: To explore the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD), as well as the relationship between delivery mode and postpartum depression among postnatal women utilizing the Arabic validated version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).

Materials And Methods: 412 women with singleton gestation during their 3rd trimester without medical or psychological problems preceding or during pregnancy were included. All pregnant women were asked to fill out the Arabic version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1571572DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

An educational intervention for NICU staff decreased maternal postpartum depression.

Pediatr Res 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Background: Mothers of preterm infants are at increased risk for postpartum depression, which may disturb parenting and child development. Strategies for prevention are needed. Therefore, we evaluated how an educational intervention for neonatal staff affected depression symptoms among mothers of preterm infants. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41390-019-0306-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-019-0306-yDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Course of a major postpartum depressive episode: A prospective 2 years naturalistic follow-up study.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 5;245:965-970. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Unitat de Salut Mental Perinatal CLINIC-BCN, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain; Institut D'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Survival methodology has not already been used in studies about postpartum depression (PPD) course. The aims of the present study were to estimate the duration of a Major Postpartum Depressive Episode (MPDE) during 2 years, as well as to explore factors associated with the course.

Method: This was a prospective, naturalistic, longitudinal study with a cohort of 165 women with a MPDE (DSM-IV criteria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.062DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of secondhand smoke and depressive symptoms in nonsmoking pregnant Women: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 9;245:918-927. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

St. Luke's International University, Graduate School of Nursing Science, Global Health Nursing, 10-1 Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 1040044, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Globally about 30% of adult women and 40% of children are exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) from active smokers. SHS exposure of pregnant women has been associated with postpartum depression. Unexposed women in pregnancy had lower rates of postpartum depression than women exposed to SHS. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.048DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads
3.383 Impact Factor

A focus on postpartum depression among African American women: A literature review.

Ann Clin Psychiatry 2019 Feb 1;30(1):e1-e6. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. E-MAIL:

Background: Some studies have reported a higher rate of postpartum depression in African American vs White women. We reviewed the literature to identify the possible factors associated with a greater risk of postpartum depression in African American women.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using journal databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar. Read More

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February 2019

Hormonal and psychological factors in nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Psychol Med 2019 Jan 30:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology,Tilburg University,Tilburg,The Netherlands.

Background: The aetiology of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is multifactorial, but the relative contribution of biological and psychological determinants is insufficiently understood. We examined the association of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), thyroid hormones (thyroid-stimulating hormone and thyroxin) and psychological factors with NVP.

Methods: Blood chemistry and psychological measures were obtained in 1682 pregnant women participating in the Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year (HAPPY) study between 12 and 14 weeks of gestation. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S003329171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718004105DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

More than depression: a multi-dimensional assessment of postpartum distress symptoms before and after a residential early parenting program.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Jan 29;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, 18 Innovation Walk, Clayton Campus, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.

Introduction: Parents are vulnerable to psychological distress symptoms in the postpartum period. It is routine to screen for depressive symptoms, but anxiety, stress, fatigue, irritability and insomnia symptoms are less often assessed despite their prevalence. This study aimed to assess multiple dimensions of psychological distress, and their reliable change and clinically significant change among women admitted to a residential program for assistance with unsettled infant behaviors (UIB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2024-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352433PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Antenatal depressive symptoms and early initiation of breastfeeding in association with exclusive breastfeeding six weeks postpartum: a longitudinal population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):49. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University Hospital, 751 85, Uppsala, SE, Sweden.

Background: Depressive symptoms negatively impact on breastfeeding duration, whereas early breastfeeding initiation after birth enhances the chances for a longer breastfeeding period. Our aim was to investigate the interplay between depressive symptoms during pregnancy and late initiation of the first breastfeeding session and their effect on exclusive breastfeeding at six weeks postpartum.

Methods: In a longitudinal study design, web-questionnaires including demographic data, breastfeeding information and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were completed by 1217 women at pregnancy weeks 17-20, 32 and/or at six weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2195-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352434PMC
January 2019

Mood and quality of life changes in pregnancy and postpartum and the effect of a behavioral intervention targeting excess gestational weight gain in women with overweight and obesity: a parallel-arm randomized controlled pilot trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):50. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, USA.

Background: Intensive lifestyle interventions in pregnancy have shown success in limiting gestational weight gain, but the effects on mood and quality of life in pregnancy and postpartum are less known. The purpose was to quantify changes in mental and physical quality of life and depressive symptoms across pregnancy and the postpartum period, to determine the association between gestational weight gain and change in mood and quality of life, and to assess the effect of a behavioral intervention targeting excess gestational weight gain on these outcomes.

Methods: A three group parallel-arm randomized controlled pilot trial of 54 pregnant women who were overweight or obese was conducted to test whether the SmartMoms® intervention decreased the proportion of women with excess gestational weight gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2196-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352352PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Postpartum Depression and Anxiety.

Authors:

J Midwifery Womens Health 2019 Jan;64(1):137-138

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12949DOI Listing
January 2019

Recognizing maternal mental health disorders: beyond postpartum depression.

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Maternal mental health disorders, including anxiety and depression, are one of the most common obstetric complications, presenting in pregnancy and postpartum.

Recent Findings: Maternal mental health disorders are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Screening women in pregnancy and postpartum for mental health disorders is key to early identification and treatment of anxiety and depression in the perinatal population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GCO.0000000000000524DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Roles of Inflammation and Depression in the Development of Gestational Diabetes.

Curr Behav Neurosci Rep 2017 Dec 28;4(4):369-383. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Stanford University, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Inflammation, the body's response to harmful external agents, has long been found to be associated with depressive symptoms. The relationship between inflammation and depression is well established in the general population of people with depression, but is less so among perinatal women. Depression in the perinatal period is a common disorder, however available data do not indicate that there is a specific inflammatory picture associated with perinatal depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40473-017-0131-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348007PMC
December 2017
1 Read

[Postpartum depression: association with genetic polymorphisms of noradrenaline metabolic enzymes and the risk factors].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2019 Jan;39(1):57-62

Department of Anesthesiology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410013, China.

Objective: To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms of norepinephrine metabolizing enzymes with postpartum depression and analyze the risk factors for postpartum depression in women following cesarean section.

Methods: A total of 591 Chinese woman of Han Nationality undergoing caesarean section were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of postpartum depression was established for an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.01.09DOI Listing
January 2019
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Postpartum Depression: Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Emerging Therapeutics.

Annu Rev Med 2019 Jan;70:183-196

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4, Canada; email:

Postpartum depression (PPD) is common, disabling, and treatable. The strongest risk factor is a history of mood or anxiety disorder, especially having active symptoms during pregnancy. As PPD is one of the most common complications of childbirth, it is vital to identify best treatments for optimal maternal, infant, and family outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-041217-011106DOI Listing
January 2019
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Trajectories of maternal distress and risk of child developmental delays: Findings from the All Our Families (AOF) pregnancy cohort.

J Affect Disord 2018 Dec 27;248:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. N.W, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Existing literature on the impact of the course of maternal distress symptoms in the perinatal period and beyond has mainly focused on one source of distress (e.g., anxiety or depression) and only selected aspects of child development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.132DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads
3.383 Impact Factor

Seeking social support and postpartum depression: A pilot retrospective study of perceived changes.

Midwifery 2019 Jan 8;71:56-62. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

MotherWoman, Inc, 220 Russell Road, Hadley, MA 01035, United States. Electronic address:

Postpartum depression prevalence rates reach as high as 25% (Gavin, 2006). Negative effects on mothers and children are well established. Although low social support is an important predictor of perinatal depression (Leahy-Warren, McCarthy, and Corcoran, 2012), the value of peer group support remains equivocal and is examined in this pilot study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluation of Maternal Functioning in Mothers of Infants Admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

8 College of Medicine, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio.

Objective: Factors associated with maternal functioning in biological mothers whose infants were admitted to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) were identified as measured by a modified version of the Barkin Index of Maternal Functioning.

Materials And Methods: This multivariable regression analysis explored sociodemographic and clinical data from 146 mother-infant dyads admitted to a Level III NICU between February 2015 and May 2016. Eligible dyads included: (1) adult biological mothers with singleton infants discharged home alive after NICU admission meeting criteria and (2) infants discharged home alive from the NICU with adult, biological mothers after a minimum 6-day admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7168DOI Listing
January 2019
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[Effect of " Acupuncture" on postpartum low back pain: a randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2019 Jan;39(1):24-7

Department of Acupuncture and Tuina, Huzhou Hospital of TCM, Huzhou 313000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of " Acupuncture" on postpartum low back pain.

Methods: A total of 98 cases of postpartum low back pain were randomly divided into a control group (45 cases, 4 cases dropping) and a treatment group (47 cases, 2 cases dropping). Conventional acupuncture was treated in the control group, and " Acupuncture" was added in the treatment group on the basis treatment in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Neiguan (PC 6), Taichong (LR 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13703/j.0255-2930.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Peer-to-Peer Human Milk Sharing: Recipient Mothers' Motivations, Stress, and Postpartum Mental Health.

Breastfeed Med 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Some mothers who cannot breastfeed-partially or completely-choose to feed their infants human milk donated from a peer. Few studies have examined mothers' experiences with using donor milk; none has examined whether or not mothers' stress and mental health are associated with using donor milk from a peer.

Methods: Researchers conducted semistructured individual interviews with mothers from the United States and Canada (N = 20) to answer the following questions: (a) what are recipient mothers' motivations for participation in peer-to-peer breast milk sharing and (b) what is the relationship between receiving donated milk and mothers' stress and mental health postpartum? Transcripts were coded using an inductive approach and principles of grounded theory were used to analyze data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2018.0182DOI Listing
January 2019
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Postpartum depression and affecting factors in primary care.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):85-91

Department of Family Medicine, Medical Faculty, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and affecting factors of postpartum depression (PPD) in Edirne city center. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 111 pregnant women in their third trimester in Family Health Centers in Edirne, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: The participants filled out a questionnaire on sociodemographic factors developed by the researchers along with the Beck Depression Inventory for Primary Care (BDI-PC) before childbirth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_193_17DOI Listing
January 2019
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Screening for depression in women during pregnancy or the first year postpartum and in the general adult population: a protocol for two systematic reviews to update a guideline of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care.

Syst Rev 2019 Jan 19;8(1):27. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Knowledge Synthesis Group, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: In 2018, the World Health Organization reported that depression is the most common cause of disability worldwide, with over 300 million people currently living with depression. Depression affects an individual's physical health and well-being, impacts psychosocial functioning, and has specific negative short- and long-term effects on maternal health, child health, developmental trajectories, and family health. The aim of these reviews is to identify evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for depression in the general adult population and in pregnant and postpartum women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-018-0930-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339426PMC
January 2019
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An examination of the impact of maternal fetal attachment, postpartum depressive symptoms and parenting stress on maternal sensitivity.

Infant Behav Dev 2019 Jan 15;54:99-107. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, United States. Electronic address:

The current study aimed to examine the impact of maternal depression, maternal fetal attachment (MFA) and parenting stress on maternal sensitivity, intrusiveness and positive regard for the child with a sample of 36 low-income, mothers-infant dyads that were followed from pregnancy through the first year postpartum. Maternal depression and parenting stress were expected to have a negative impact on maternal sensitivity, intrusiveness and positive regard, while high MFA was hypothesized to have a positive impact on these three outcomes. Our data provide partial support for our hypotheses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Trick or treat? Evaluating contributing factors and sex-differences for developmental effects of maternal depression and its treatment.

Horm Behav 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Maternal depression and treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the most common form of pharmaceutical intervention, can both have an impact on infant development. As such, it is difficult for healthcare providers to recommend a course of treatment to expectant mothers suffering from depression, or to women on antidepressant medication prior to pregnancy. This review will discuss the existing research on the developmental impacts of maternal depression and its treatment with SSRIs, with a particular focus on contributing factors that complicate our attempt to disentangle the consequences of maternal depression and its treatment such as the timing or severity of the depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Association of antepartum vitamin D deficiency with postpartum depression: a clinical perspective.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Jan 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Psychiatry,University of California,San Diego,200 Arbor Drive #0851,San Diego,CA92103,USA.

Objective: Postpartum depression affects up to 20 % of new mothers within the first 12 months of parturition. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) has known importance in bone health, but it may also play an important role in other functions, including reproduction and fertility, immune function and mental health. This clinical commentary reviews literature evaluating 25(OH)D deficiency during pregnancy and the incidence of postpartum depressive symptomatology. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001800366XDOI Listing
January 2019
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Prenatal sleep quality and mental health symptoms across the perinatal period: A longitudinal study of high-risk women.

J Psychosom Res 2019 Jan 15;116:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Center for Children and Families Assistant Professor of Psychology and Peace Studies, Department of Psychology, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, 107 Haggar Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Trauma-exposed women may be at magnified risk for posttraumatic stress (PTSS) and depression symptoms in the perinatal period, but few studies have examined symptomatology across the perinatal period in high-risk samples. Further, the role of sleep in perinatal symptomatology has been largely neglected in the violence literature, despite its well-established associations to mental health in other samples. This study aimed to examine the trajectory of PTSS and depression symptoms across the perinatal period and the effects of childhood adversity, intimate partner violence and prenatal sleep impairment on PTSS and depression symptoms across the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.11.011DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read