9,058 results match your criteria Postpartum Depression


Paternal influences from early pregnancy to postpartum years on child development: A longitudinal study.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jun 24;275:23-30. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

School of Public Health, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing St., Taipei 110, Taiwan; TMU Neuroscience Research Center, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although an array of maternal and child-centered risks have been researched, considerably less is known about the effects of paternal influences on child's birth outcomes and early development. This longitudinal study thus examined the effects of paternal influences (parental stress, partner support, childcare and nursing, and father-child interaction) from early pregnancy to 2 years postpartum on pregnancy outcomes and toddlerhood development, with a simultaneous consideration of maternal depression.

Methods: Pregnant women together with their partners were recruited from 2011 to 2016 at five selected hospitals in Taipei, Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.018DOI Listing

The Effect of Antepartum Depression on the Outcomes of Pregnancy and Development of Postpartum Depression: A prospective cohort study of Omani women.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2020 May 28;20(2):e179-e186. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Family Medicine & Public Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the relationship between antenatal depression and pregnancy outcomes, including the risk of developing postpartum depression in Oman.

Methods: This follow-up prospective longitudinal cohort study included pregnant women attending primary healthcare institutions in Muscat, Oman from January to November 2014. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to screen for antenatal and postnatal depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2020.20.02.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328833PMC

Preeclampsia and the longitudinal risk of hospitalization for depression at 28 years.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sherbrooke University Hospital Research Centre, Sherbrooke, Canada.

Purpose: The association between pregnancy characteristics and risk of depression in women is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship between preeclampsia and risk of hospitalization for depression over three decades.

Methods: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study of 1,210,963 women who delivered an infant in any hospital in Quebec, Canada, between 1989 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-01920-xDOI Listing

Single- versus multiple-unit transfusion in hemodynamically stable postpartum anemia: a pragmatic randomized, controlled trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Maternal and Child Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The American Academy of Blood Banks recommends single-unit red cell transfusion protocols across medicine to reduce transfusion complications and use of a scarce resource. There is minimal data regarding single-unit protocols within obstetrics.

Objective: We aimed to compare a single- vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.07.007DOI Listing

Which role for trait-anxiety in paternal perinatal depression? Preliminary results on healthy subjects.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 9:1-5. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Objectives: Paternal Perinatal Depression (PPND) is a clinical condition, referred to emergence of depressive mood, i.e. sadness, hopelessness, despair and melancholy, but also loss of interest, and impairment in concentration and work performance, in fathers during the pregnancy in first postpartum year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1786514DOI Listing

Effect of supplementary omega-3 fatty acids on pregnant women with complications and pregnancy outcomes: review from literature.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 9:1-17. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.

Numerous benefits have been associated with omega-3 fatty acid consumption during pregnancy and the postpartum period, whether it is consumed in the diet with seafood or supplements such as fish oil. This review primarily aimed to assess the current situation of the impact of omega-3 long-chain Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) supplementation on the outcomes of pregnancy. The electronic search of Medline, PubMed, Public Library of Science (PLOS) and Google Scholar databases was carried out for papers from 01 February 1995 to 01 March 2017 using keywords such as "pregnancy," "supplement," "long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids," "omega 3 fatty acids," and "clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1786522DOI Listing

Gender of infant and risk of postpartum depression: a meta-analysis based on cohort and case-control studies.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 7:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: It is inconclusive nowadays for the association between infant's gender and their mothers' risk of developing postpartum depression (PPD). In addition, a complete overview is missing. A meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies was performed to address the question of whether women who gave birth to a female infant were at an increased risk of developing PPD, compared with those giving birth to a male infant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1786809DOI Listing

Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Screening Opportunities at Health Care Encounters.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that providers screen women for depression at the postpartum checkup. If this checkup is the only screening opportunity, women who do not attend or whose depressive episode occurs at a different time may not be identified. We evaluated women's encounters with postpartum health care to identify screening opportunities for postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2020.8373DOI Listing

Prevalence of Maternal Postpartum Depression, Health-Seeking Behavior and Out of Pocket Payment for Physical Illness and Cost Coping Mechanism of the Poor Families in Bangladesh: A Rural Community-Based Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 1;17(13). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Maternal and Child Health Division (MCHD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.

The burden of depression is high globally. Maternal depression affects the mother, the child, and other family members. We aimed to measure the prevalence of maternal postpartum depressive (PPD) symptoms having a child aged 6-16 months, health-seeking behavior for general illness of all family members, out of pocket (OOP) payments for health care and cost coping mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134727DOI Listing

N-3 PUFA improved pup separation-induced postpartum depression via serotonergic pathway regulated by miRNA.

J Nutr Biochem 2020 May 19;84:108417. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, 04763, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Stress and ovarian hormone fluctuation are risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD). Previous studies suggested antidepressant-like effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but their effect on dam animal with additional stress were not clear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that n-3 PUFA improved PPD through the serotonergic and glutamatergic pathways by modulating miRNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2020.108417DOI Listing

Polygenic prediction of the risk of perinatal depressive symptoms.

Depress Anxiety 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Perinatal depression carries adverse effects on maternal health and child development, but genetic underpinnings remain unclear. We investigated the polygenic risk of perinatal depressive symptoms.

Methods: About 742 women from the prospective Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction cohort were genotyped and completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale 14 times during the prenatal period and twice up to 12 months postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.23066DOI Listing

's Efficacy in Enhancing Positive Mental Health among Postpartum Women Presenting Low Risk for Postpartum Depression: Results from a Pilot Randomized Trial.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 29;17(13). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CINEICC), Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, the University of Coimbra Rua do Colégio Novo, 3000-315 Coimbra, Portugal.

In this study, we conducted a preliminary investigation of the efficacy of , a web-based self-guided intervention, in enhancing positive mental health among postpartum women at low risk for postpartum depression. Additionally, we examined 's efficacy regarding secondary outcomes as well as its acceptability and adherence. A total of 367 participants were randomly assigned to the group ( = 191) or to the waiting-list control group ( = 176) and completed baseline (T1) and postintervention (T2) assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134679DOI Listing

The Importance of Antepartum Maternal Depression Screening and Education: A Narrative Review of the Literature.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2020 Jun 30:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

The purpose of this literature review is to explain the current practice of antepartum maternal depression screening and education. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that pregnant women be screened at least once during the antepartum phase of pregnancy by their health care provider. The fact that many women present with depression or anxiety at several time points during pregnancy suggests that only one screening during pregnancy is not enough. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20200624-06DOI Listing

Prevalence of perinatal depression among Japanese women: a meta-analysis.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2020 26;19:41. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, 321-0293 Japan.

Background: Perinatal depression is one of the important mental illnesses among women. However, not enough reviews have been done, and a certain consensus has not been obtained about the prevalence of perinatal depression among Japanese women. The purpose of our study is to reveal the reliable estimates about the prevalence of perinatal depression among Japanese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12991-020-00290-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320559PMC

The Role of Health-related Behaviors in Gestational Weight Gain among Women with Overweight and Obesity: A Cross-sectional Analysis.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2020 Jun 30;42(6):316-324. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  To evaluate the influence of health-related behaviors including food intake, physical activity, sleep time, smoking habits, stress, depression, and optimism on excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Women's Hospital of the Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, with 386 mediate postpartum women that fit the inclusion criteria of ≥ 19 years old, first prenatal care visit at or before 14 weeks, and single live baby. Dietary habits, physical exercise practice, sleep duration, smoking and alcohol habits were self-reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1712132DOI Listing

Mindful Moms: Motivation to Self-Manage Depression Symptoms.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2020 Jul/Aug;45(4):233-239

Sasha Russell is a Registered Nurse and Research Assistant, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. Christine Aubry is a Registered Nurse and Research Assistant, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. Amy Rider is a Research Nurse and Project Coordinator, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. Dr. Suzanne E. Mazzeo is a Professor, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. Dr. Patricia A. Kinser is an Associate Professor, Department of Family and Community Health Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA. Dr. Kinser can be reached via email at

Background: Nearly 20% of women in the United States experience depressive symptoms during the perinatal period, with known detrimental effects for the mother, child, and family. Depressive symptoms affect motivation to engage in healthy behaviors and self-management of symptoms.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women with depressive symptoms who participated in a 12-week mindful physical activity intervention (Mindful Moms) throughout their pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMC.0000000000000625DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7338034PMC

Maternity Leave Length Impact on Breastfeeding and Postpartum Depression.

Mil Med 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234.

Introduction: In January 2016, the U.S. Department of Defense increased the duration of paid maternity leave for active duty service members from 6 weeks to 12 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa137DOI Listing

The perinatal origins of childhood anxiety disorders and the role of early-life maternal predictors.

Psychol Med 2020 Jun 29:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

1. The College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.

Background: The development of childhood anxiety disorders (CADs) is likely to depend on pathways that can be programmed by early-life risk factors. We test the hypothesis that early-life maternal factors can predict this programming effect on CAD.

Methods: Data were obtained from 198 women and children from the Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Wellbeing Study (MPEWS), a cohort study with data collected across pregnancy, postpartum and until 4 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720002147DOI Listing
June 2020
5.938 Impact Factor

The Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study (KPOS): Study Design and Participants.

J Epidemiol 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health.

Background: The Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study (KPOS) was established to investigate the determinants of adverse pregnancy outcomes among Korean women.

Methods: We recruited 4,537 pregnant women between 2013 and 2017 from two tertiary centers located in Seoul, Korea, and a total of 4,195 Korean women met inclusion criteria in the baseline analysis. A range of data on socio-demographics, past medical histories, reproductive information, health-related behaviors, psychological health and clinical information were obtained using interviewer-based questionnaires and clinical assessment at 12, 24, and 36 gestational weeks (GW), delivery and 6-8 weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20200055DOI Listing

Mother's prenatal and postpartum depression symptoms and infant's sleep problems at 6 months.

Infant Ment Health J 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Mother's prenatal and postpartum depression have been associated with infant's sleep problems. This study aimed to analyze (a) the effects of mother's prenatal and postpartum depression symptoms, including the effects of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression scores of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), on infant's sleep problems at 6 months, and (b) the interaction effect between mother's prenatal and postpartum depression symptoms and infant's sex on infant's sleep problems at 6 months. The sample was comprised of 164 mother-infant dyads whose mothers completed measures of depression at the third trimester of pregnancy, 2 weeks, 3 and 6 months postpartum and a measure of infant's sleep problems at 6 months (CSHQ-I). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21869DOI Listing

Be a Mom, a Web-Based Intervention to Prevent Postpartum Depression: Results From a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Ther 2020 Jul 20;51(4):616-633. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

CINEICC - Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention, University of Coimbra.

Be a Mom is a self-guided web-based intervention, grounded in cognitive behavioral therapy, delivered to postpartum women to prevent persistent postpartum depression [PPD] symptoms. We aimed to evaluate Be a Mom in terms of its preliminary efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability. A pilot randomized, two-arm controlled trial was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.09.007DOI Listing

Advances in treatment for postpartum major depressive disorder.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020 Jun 25:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena School of Medicine.

Introduction: Postpartum depressive disorder (PPD) is a burdensome medical condition. To date, only one treatment (Brexanolone) has undergone registrational trials and is approved in the United States with an indication for the treatment of PPD. However, other treatments are prescribed and have been tested for this condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2020.1779702DOI Listing

Effectiveness of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose in improving hemoglobin level among postpartum women with moderate-to-severe anemia at a secondary care hospital in Faridabad, Haryana - An interventional study.

Indian J Public Health 2020 Apr-Jun;64(2):168-172

Associate Professor, Center for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Postpartum anemia is associated with postpartum anxiety, depression, poor cognitive interaction, and delayed infant development. Oral iron is the currently recommended therapy but is associated with gastrointestinal complaints and poor compliance. Parenteral iron dextran may cause serious side effects, whereas iron sucrose requires repeated visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_85_19DOI Listing

Prevalence and risk factors of postpartum depression and adjustment disorder during puerperium - a retrospective research.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2020 Jun 25:1-13. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Mental Health Service of Camposampiero General Hospital, ULSS6 Euganea - "Mothers without Depression" , Padua, Italy.

Objective: This observational study was designed to evaluate risk factors and distribution of Adjustment Disorder (AD) and Postnatal Depression (PPD), after delivery and a positive screening at Camposampiero Hospital (2012-2017).

Background: After childbirth, women are vulnerable to develop psychological disorders. Since the effects of psychopathology are relevant, prevention and early intervention are of paramount importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2020.1786035DOI Listing

Do postpartum anxiety and breastfeeding self-efficacy and bonding at early postpartum predict postpartum depression and the breastfeeding method?

Infant Ment Health J 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Center for Physical and Mental Health, Mie University, Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, Japan.

We investigated whether postpartum anxiety (PPA) and breastfeeding self-efficacy and bonding at the early postpartum period can be used to predict postpartum depression and the breastfeeding method, and we sought to identify factors related to postpartum depression. Of the 510 eligible women, 185 (36%) returned the questionnaire on all three occasions (1 day, 3 days, and 1 month after childbirth). The mothers' progress on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (BFSES-SF), and Postnatal Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) was observed over three periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21866DOI Listing

Newborn White Matter Microstructure Moderates the Association between Maternal Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Infant Negative Reactivity.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study, Turku Brain and Mind Center, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Turku, Finland.

Maternal postpartum depression is a prominent risk factor for aberrant child socioemotional development, but there is little understanding about the neural phenotypes that underlie infant sensitivity to maternal depression. We examined whether newborn white matter fractional anisotropy (FA), a measure of white matter maturity, moderates the association between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms and infant negative reactivity at 6 months. Participants were 80 mother-infant dyads participating in a prospective population-based cohort, and included families whose newborns underwent a magnetic resonance/diffusion tensor imaging scan at 2-5 weeks of age and whose mothers reported their own depressive symptoms at 3 and 6 months postpartum and infant negative emotional reactivity at 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa081DOI Listing

Probiotic treatment for women with gestational diabetes to improve maternal and infant health and well-being.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 06 24;6:CD012970. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is carbohydrate intolerance first recognised during pregnancy and associated with complications for mothers and babies. Probiotics are naturally occurring micro-organisms, which when ingested in adequate amounts, may confer health benefits. Evidence of the role of probiotics as treatment for GDM is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012970.pub2DOI Listing

Social Media Mining for Postpartum Depression Prediction.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;270:1391-1392

DETI/IEETA, University of Aveiro, Portugal.

This study investigated the feasibility of a postpartum depression predictor based on social media writings. The current broad use of social media networks generates a large amount of digital data, which, when coupled with artificial intelligence methods, have the potential to disclose significant health related insights. In this paper we explore the use of machine learning for prediction of postpartum depression on a corpus created from Reddit posts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200457DOI Listing

Prevalence and risk factors of postpartum depression, general depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress (PODSAS) among mothers during their 4-week postnatal follow-up in five public health clinics in Perak: A study protocol for a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 21;10(6):e034458. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor

Introduction: Postpartum depression, general depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress (PODSAS) are often overlooked, and may cause morbidity to new mothers, their babies and families. This study aims to determine the point prevalence of depression (post partum and general), anxiety and stress among mothers in five public health clinics in Perak at 4 weeks postdelivery and identify their associated risk factors. Findings from this study will be used to identify the needs for early screening and detection, encourage development of interventions to reduce its occurrence and support mothers with PODSAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311026PMC
June 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Supporting women who develop poor postnatal mental health: what support do fathers receive to support their partner and their own mental health?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Jun 22;20(1):359. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Psychology, Bournemouth University, Poole, BH12 5BB, UK.

Background: Research regarding support provided for poor maternal postnatal mental health (such as depression, anxiety disorders, and postpartum psychosis) is relatively common. Fathers appear to play an important role supporting partners but many feel alienated within maternity services. Research focusing on fathers is less common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03043-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310127PMC

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for perinatal depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Clin Nurs 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

School of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Aims And Objectives: To systematically review the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for improving mood in perinatal depression.

Background: The impact of cognitive behavioral therapy on perinatal depression has been evaluated in various studies, but there is uncertainty about their impact.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15378DOI Listing

Associations of job type, income, and education with postpartum depressive symptoms: The Kyushu Okinawa Maternal and Child Health Study.

Psychiatry Res 2020 Jun 11;291:113224. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Wellness Research Fields, Faculty of Global and Regional Studies, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan; The Department of Cross Cultural Studies, Osaka University of Tourism, Okinawa, Japan.

Epidemiological evidence on the role of socioeconomic status on postpartum depressive symptoms has been inconsistent. The present prospective study investigated the relationship between employment, job type, income, and education and postpartum depressive symptoms. Subjects were 1316 Japanese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113224DOI Listing

Smoking Status and Symptoms of Depression During and After Pregnancy Among Low-Income Women.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Objective: To describe the point prevalence rates, relapse rates, smoking status, and symptoms of depression and to examine the relationship between smoking status and symptoms of depression from early pregnancy to 12 months after childbirth among low-income women.

Design: Secondary data analysis.

Setting: Data from the national Nurse-Family Partnership program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Maternal perinatal depressive symptoms trajectories and impact on toddler behavior - the importance of symptom duration and maternal bonding.

J Affect Disord 2020 Aug 12;273:542-551. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Maternal perinatal depression is a public health problem affecting mothers and children worldwide. This study aimed to increase the knowledge regarding the impact of timing of maternal depression on child behavioral difficulties at 18 months, taking into consideration child gender and maternal bonding.

Methods: Data from a Swedish population-based longitudinal mother-infant study (n = 1,093) were used for linear regression modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.003DOI Listing

Disrespect and abuse towards women during childbirth and postpartum depression: findings from Birth in Brazil Study.

J Affect Disord 2020 Aug 11;273:391-401. Epub 2020 May 11.

Federal University of Maranhão, Public Health Departament, Barão de Itapary Street, 155, centro, São Luiz, Ma 65020070, Brazil.

Background: Many women are victims of disrespect and abuse during childbirth period. In Brazil, the prevalence of these acts has varied between 11.3% and 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.052DOI Listing

Risk factors for pelvic girdle pain postpartum and pregnancy related low back pain postpartum; a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2020 Aug 5;48:102154. Epub 2020 May 5.

VU University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; SOMT University of Physiotherapy, Amersfoort, the Netherlands.

Background: Although pelvic girdle pain postpartum and pregnancy related low back pain postpartum (combined and named PGPP in this study) have a natural favourable course, there is a subgroup of women who have persistent complaints. The objective of this study was to identify personal-, (pre)pregnancy-, obstetric-, and child related risk factors on PGPP by means of a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Literature searches of PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane up to October 2018 were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msksp.2020.102154DOI Listing

The effects of pre- and post-partum depression on child behavior and psychological development from birth to pre-school age: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Syst Rev 2020 Jun 19;9(1):146. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University, Celetná 20, 116 42, Prague 1, Czech Republic.

Background: Pre- and post-partum depression is a common mood disorder with detrimental effects on both mother and child. The aim of the proposed review is to summarize evidence related to the effects of both pre- and post-partum depression on child behavior and development from birth to preschool age. In particular, our review will address mutual relations between pre- and post-partum depression in order to determine whether pre- and post-partum depression predict child psychological outcomes independently, whether there is an effect of timing of depression on child outcomes, whether pre- and post-partum depression interact to affect child outcomes, and whether the effect of pre-partum depression is mediated by depression after child's birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1267-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304193PMC

A randomized controlled trial of digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in pregnant women.

Sleep Med 2020 Mar 21;72:82-92. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Thomas Roth Sleep Disorders & Research Center, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA.

Objective: Despite high rates of prenatal insomnia, efficacious treatment options for this population are quite limited. Early evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support the efficacy of face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) for prenatal insomnia. Yet, as many patients are unable to access this specialist-driven care, a critical need exists to increase its accessibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.03.016DOI Listing

The efficacy and safety of omega-3 fatty acids on depressive symptoms in perinatal women: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials.

Transl Psychiatry 2020 Jun 17;10(1):193. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.

Omega-3 fatty acids (FA), as a nutrient, has been proven effective in major depressive disorder (MDD), however, the results of monotherapy in perinatal depression (PND) remain unclear. To examine the efficacy and safety of omega-3 fatty acids (FA) monotherapy for perinatal depression (PND) compared with placebo. PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL were searched from inception up to November 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-00886-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299975PMC
June 2020
4.360 Impact Factor

Research Recommendations on the Effects of Postpartum Depression and Pain on Infant Care and Development.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Postpartum depression is one of the most common complications of childbirth, and another is pain. A growing body of research shows that the severity and duration of postpartum pain can increase a woman's risk for postpartum depression. Postpartum depression and pain negatively affect maternal well-being, and postpartum depression has been associated with adverse outcomes in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2020.05.005DOI Listing

The role of prenatal social support in social inequalities with regard to maternal postpartum depression according to migrant status.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 11;272:465-473. Epub 2020 May 11.

Sorbonne Université, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP), Department of Social Epidemiology, F75012 Paris, France.

Background: An advantaged socioeconomic position (SEP) and satisfying social support during pregnancy (SSP) have been found to be protective factors of maternal postpartum depression (PDD). An advantaged SEP is also associated with satisfying SSP, making SSP a potential mediator of social inequalities in PPD. SEP, SSP and PPD are associated with migrant status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.024DOI Listing

The mother, the infant and the mother-infant relationship: What is the impact of antidepressant medication in pregnancy.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 7;272:363-370. Epub 2020 May 7.

College of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, Murdoch University, Australia.

Background: Both antidepressant use and depression in pregnancy have the potential to impact on outcomes for the women, their mother-infant relationship and their infants.

Methods: Data were obtained from 485 pregnant women within Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Wellbeing Study, a pregnancy cohort study. The sampling frame was in three groups: those depressed women taking antidepressants in pregnancy, women with diagnosed depression not taking an antidepressant and control women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.116DOI Listing
July 2020
3.383 Impact Factor

Association between Lack of Social Support from Partner or Others and Postpartum Depression among Japanese Mothers: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 15;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.

Lack of social support is a known risk factor for postpartum depression (PPD). However, the association between lack of social support from a partner or others and PPD remains unknown. We examined this association among Japanese mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7345875PMC

Responsive Feeding, Infant Growth, and Postpartum Depressive Symptoms During 3 Months Postpartum.

Nutrients 2020 Jun 12;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Institute of Community Health Care, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan.

Responsive feeding is crucial to the formation of life-long healthy eating behavior. Few studies have examined maternal responsive feeding in early infancy among a Chinese population. This prospective study describes maternal responsive feeding and factors associated with maternal responsive feeding, with emphasis on infant growth and maternal depressive symptoms, during the first 3 months postpartum in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061766DOI Listing

[Immune-inflammatory and autoimmune mechanisms in postpartum depression].

Psychiatriki 2020 Jan-Mar;31(1):47-56

1st Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens.

Postpartum depression is a debilitating mental disorder with a high prevalence, usually related with a past psychiatric history of major depressive disorder, postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and perinatal depressive symptoms during gestation. However, the existing literature does not sufficiently elucidate the pathophysiology of this clinical entity which appears in such a crucial period of woman's life. This review aims to search the available data regarding the involvement of immunological and autoimmune mechanisms in its onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22365/jpsych.2020.311.47DOI Listing

Predictors of response to antidepressants in women with postpartum depression: a systematic review.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Antidepressants are the mainstay of drug treatment for moderate or severe postpartum depression. Knowledge of predictors of response could help optimize treatment and reduce the adverse consequences of postpartum depression. The purpose of this systematic review was to ascertain predictors of response or remission to antidepressant treatment in women with postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-020-01044-wDOI Listing

Newborn Behavioral Observation, maternal stress, depressive symptoms and the mother-infant relationship: results from the Northern Babies Longitudinal Study (NorBaby).

BMC Psychiatry 2020 Jun 15;20(1):300. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: Families can experience the postpartum period as overwhelming and many report a special need for support. The Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) aims to promote a positive parent-infant relationship by sensitising parents to the infant's signals. This article evaluates the NBO as a universal preventive intervention within the regular well-baby clinic service on measures of maternal depressive symptoms, parental stress, the mother-infant relationship and satisfaction/benefit of the postpartum follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02669-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294655PMC