11,196 results match your criteria Postpartum Depression


Psychological distress and behavioral changes in pregnant and postpartum individuals during the Covid-19 pandemic.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Ray D. Wolfe Department of Family Medicine, Sinai Health, Toronto ON; Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, ON.

Objectives: To determine the psychological and behavioural effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on a Canadian cohort of individuals during pregnancy and the postpartum period.

Methods: In 2020, individuals between 20 weeks gestation and 3 months postpartum receiving maternity care from an urban Canadian clinic were invited to complete a questionnaire. The purpose-built questionnaire used validated scales including the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and questions from a SARS study. Read More

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Human milk-sharing practices and infant-feeding behaviours: A comparison of donors and recipients.

Matern Child Nutr 2022 Jun 27:e13389. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Human milk sharing (HMS) is growing in popularity as an infant-feeding strategy in the United States. HMS families are a hidden population because HMS is a nonnormative and stigmatized behaviour. Thus, gaining access to HMS participants is challenging, and research on this topic remains limited. Read More

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Hair cortisol concentration across the peripartum period: Documenting changes and associations with depressive symptoms and recent adversity.

Compr Psychoneuroendocrinol 2022 Feb 14;9:100102. Epub 2021 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Women experience dramatic physiological changes during pregnancy, including changes in the production of the "stress hormone," cortisol. Evidence has been mixed regarding whether hair cortisol concentration (HCC) can be used to accurately capture the trajectory of cortisol during this period and whether factors related to psychosocial stress are related to HCC in pregnant and postpartum women. In the current study, we collected hair samples from 85 individuals during the peripartum period (with collection occasions in pregnancy [12-37 weeks], at 3-8 weeks postpartum, and at 5-8 months postpartum) from which we derived 783 monthly observations of HCC. Read More

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February 2022

Antenatal depression screening and psychosocial assessment in an Australian private hospital: An evaluation.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Gidget Foundation Australia, North Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Universal mental health screening and psychosocial assessment during pregnancy have been recommended as best practice, but uptake of universal programs in the private hospital system has been slow.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Pre-admission Midwife Appointment Program (PMAP), an antenatal mental health screening program at the Mater Hospital, Sydney.

Materials And Methods: In this mixed-methods design study, PMAP interview data were collected for a consecutive series of 485 women who attended the PMAP during a 10-month period. Read More

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Depression in pregnant and postpartum women during COVID-19 pandemic: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Indonesia.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged as a global pandemic in March 2020 and caused a big crisis, especially the health crisis. Pregnant and postpartum women experienced significant physical, social, and mental changes that put them at higher risk for several conditions during the pandemic. This study aimed to report the prevalence of depression in pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Assessment of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures for Maternal Postpartum Depression Using the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments Guideline: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2214885. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Importance: Maternal depression is frequently reported in the postpartum period, with an estimated prevalence of approximately 15% during the first postpartum year. Despite the high prevalence of postpartum depression, there is no consensus regarding which patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) should be used to screen for this complex, multidimensional construct.

Objective: To evaluate psychometric measurement properties of existing PROMs of maternal postpartum depression using the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) guideline and identify the best available patient-reported screening measure. Read More

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Anatomy of a Woebot® (WB001): agent guided CBT for women with postpartum depression.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2022 Apr;19(4):287-301

Woebot Health, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Introduction: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is common, persistent, and stigmatized. There are insufficient trained professionals to deliver appropriate screening, diagnosis, and treatment.

Areas Covered: WB001 is a Software as a Medical Device (SaMD) based Agent-Guided Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (AGCBT) program for the treatment of PPD, for which Breakthrough Device Designation was recently granted by the US Food and Drug Administration. Read More

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Gestational iron supplementation reverses depressive-like behavior in post-partum Sprague Dawley rats: Evidence from behavioral and neurohistological studies.

IBRO Neurosci Rep 2022 Jun 20;12:280-296. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Pharmacology, University of Ghana Medical School, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that affects about 9-20% of women after child birth. Reports suggest that gestational iron deficiency can cause a deficit in behavioral, cognitive and affective functions and can precipitate depressive symptoms in mothers during the postpartum period. The present study examined the effect of iron supplementation on depressive behavior during postpartum period in a rat model. Read More

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Body Image Dissatisfaction as a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 31;58(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Obstetrics, Punta de Europa Hospital, 11207 Algeciras, Spain.

: Pregnancy and postpartum are periods that imply numerous physical and psychological changes that could lead to mental health consequences. The aim of the present study is to identify whether women who had body image dissatisfaction had a higher incidence of postpartum depression 6 months after birth than women who did not have body image dissatisfaction. : A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed with a sample of 450 women from two hospitals in Andalusia. Read More

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The Possible Effects of Zinc Supplementation on Postpartum Depression and Anemia.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 29;58(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-Cho, Showa-Ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.

The effects of postpartum zinc supplementation are still unclear. Our purpose in this study is to investigate the association between Zn supplementation and postpartum depression, defined by an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥ 9, and the effect on the hematological status of postpartum women. We first investigated whether zinc supplementation affected the perioperative levels of zinc, hemoglobin, and hematocrit in 197 cases who underwent cesarean section and had postpartum anemia. Read More

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Association of General Anesthesia and Neuraxial Anesthesia in Caesarean Section with Maternal Postpartum Depression: A Retrospective Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 14;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

Although cesarean section (CS) has become a common method of child delivery in recent decades, the choice between general anesthesia (GA) and neuraxial anesthesia (NA) for CS must be carefully considered. Depending on the type of anesthesia used in CS, a major outcome observed is the occurrence of postpartum depression (PPD). This study investigated the association between PPD risk and the anesthesia method used in CS by using data from three linked nationwide databases in Taiwan, namely, the National Health Insurance Research Database, the National Birth Reporting Database, and the National Death Index Database. Read More

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Postpartum Depression in COVID-19 Days: Longitudinal Study of Risk and Protective Factors.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

The Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel.

COVID-19 impacted the childbirth experience and increased the rates of postpartum depression (PPD). We assessed the longitudinal effects of the pandemic on the rates of PPD and evaluated the PPD causes and symptoms among women who delivered during the first COVID-19 quarantine in Israel. The participants completed online questionnaires 3 (T1) and 6 months (T2) following delivery. Read More

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Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Physiological Stress Parameters of Preterm Infants and Mothers in Neonatal Intensive Care.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 11;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Pediatrics Department, Torrecárdenas University Hospital, 04009 Almería, Spain.

It is well documented that the stress of separation of mother and baby can lead to short-term physiological instability as well as neurological, sociological or psychological consequences that may last a lifetime.

Objective: The goal was to estimate the effect of kangaroo mother care (KMC) on physiological and biochemical parameters of preterm infant stress and maternal stress in neonatal intensive care.

Methods: The investigation involved 112 preterm infants. Read More

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American Indian Motherhood and Historical Trauma: Keetoowah Experiences of Becoming Mothers.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 9;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

United Keetoowah Band, Tahlequahd, OK 74465, USA.

Background: American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) women disproportionally experience postpartum depression in the United States as compared to the rest of the population. Despite being disproportionately represented, the current body of knowledge lacks research on depression in this particular population. Specifically, the current literature lacks research pertaining to the experiences of postpartum AI/AN women, their culture, birthing and mothering expectations, and trauma. Read More

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Efficacy of Direct or Indirect Use of Probiotics for the Improvement of Maternal Depression during Pregnancy and in the Postnatal Period: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 May 24;10(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Maribor, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia.

The mother and infant form a unique bond, with maternal mental health affecting the interactions with the infant and infant behaviours impacting maternal mental health. One of the possible mechanisms influencing maternal mental health is the manipulation of the gut-brain axis by consuming probiotic supplements. Probiotics can also have an indirect influence on maternal mental health via the modulation of the infant microbiome and consequently improving the infant's health and thus, indirectly leading to an improvement in maternal mood. Read More

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National Cross-Sectional Study of Mental Health Screening Practices for Primary Caregivers of NICU Infants.

Children (Basel) 2022 May 28;9(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Universal screening for postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) has been recommended for all new parents at outpatient postpartum and well-child visits. However, parents of newborns admitted to the NICU are rarely able to access these services during their infant's prolonged hospitalization. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental health screening and treatment programs for parents or other primary caregivers in NICUs across the country. Read More

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Women's Preferences and Design Recommendations for a Postpartum Depression Psychoeducation Intervention: User Involvement Study.

JMIR Form Res 2022 Jun 23;6(6):e33411. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity, affecting up to 18% of Canadian new mothers. Yet, PPD often remains untreated due to numerous barriers in access to care, including location and cost. Development of eHealth interventions in collaboration with patient partners offers an exciting opportunity to fill this care gap and provide effective and affordable care to new parents across British Columbia. Read More

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The Important Role of Partner Support in Women's Mental Disorders During the Perinatal Period. A Literature Review.

Maedica (Bucur) 2022 Mar;17(1):194-200

Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece.

The arrival of a newborn is often a happy event in a woman's life. However, many women experience perinatal distress such as anxiety disorders and depression during pregnancy or postpartum period. Although the positive interpersonal relationships of women with their wider environment seem to be a support network, research shows that support provided by partners is a very important protective factor in reducing mental health disorders in both prenatal and postnatal period in a woman's life. Read More

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Simple and rapid quantification of cetirizine, venlafaxine, and O-desmethylvenlafaxine in human breast milk, and metformin in human milk and plasma with UHPLC-MS/MS.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2022 Jun 16;1205:123340. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala Drug Optimization and Pharmaceutical Profiling (UDOPP), Uppsala University, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Pharmacy, SciLifeLab Drug Discovery and Development Platform, Uppsala University, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address:

The majority of women have health problems that require medication after giving birth. Complications such as allergies, postpartum depression, and diabetes are often treated with drugs such as cetirizine, venlafaxine, and metformin, respectively. These treatments are considered safe during lactation, but information of the transfer of drugs to breast milk and possible effects on the infant is scarce. Read More

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Familial risk of postpartum depression.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Objective: Many psychiatric diseases have a strong familial aggregation, but it is unknown whether postpartum depression (PPD) without prior psychiatric history aggregates in families.

Methods: Based on Danish national registers, we constructed a cohort with information on 848,544 singleton deliveries (1996-2017). Women with an episode of PPD were defined as having used antidepressant medication and/or had a hospital contact for depression within 6 months after delivery. Read More

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The influence of lifestyles to cope with stress over mental health in pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Curr Psychol 2022 Jun 15:1-20. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Dos Hermanas, Seville Spain.

The COVID-19 pandemic affected daily life routines and lifestyles of pregnant and postpartum women and increased their stress and risk of suffering from mental health problems. The aim of this study was to analyse which sociodemographic variables, COVID-19 exposure variables and lifestyles to cope with stress variables predicted anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptoms in pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional design was performed with a sample of 3356 Spanish women participating in the Riseup-PPD-COVID-19 study. Read More

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The role of central serotonergic markers and estradiol changes in perinatal mental health.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Neurobiology Research Unit, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen O, Denmark.

Objective: Women have an increased risk for mental distress and depressive symptoms in relation to pregnancy and birth. The serotonin transporter (SERT) may be involved in the emergence of depressive symptoms postpartum and during other sex-hormone transitions. It may be associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the main serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA). Read More

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Prenatal distress, access to services, and birth outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from a longitudinal study.

Early Hum Dev 2022 Jun 14;170:105606. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University; Hamilton ON, Canada; Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background/aims: During the COVID-19 pandemic, pregnant people have experienced disruptions to prenatal care, as well elevated rates of mental health problems and distress. The current longitudinal study aims to understand how different forms of prenatal distress (mental health problems, COVID-19 stressful experiences, and access to prenatal services) impact infant birth outcomes during the pandemic.

Methods: Participants were 265 pregnant individuals from Ontario, Canada. Read More

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Postpartum Care in the Time of COVID-19: The Use of Telemedicine for Postpartum Care.

Telemed J E Health 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology & Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA.

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Depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms after hyperemesis gravidarum: a prospective cohort study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2022 Jun 21:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Amsterdam University Medical Centers, University of Amsterdam, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) years after hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and its association with HG severity.

Material And Methods: This prospective cohort study consisted of a follow-up of 215 women admitted for HG, who were eligible to participate in a randomized controlled trial and either declined or agreed to be randomized between 2013 and 2016 in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) six weeks postpartum and during follow-up and the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) during follow-up. Read More

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Uptake of guideline-recommended postpartum diabetes screening among diverse women with gestational diabetes: associations with patient factors in an integrated health system in USA.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2022 06;10(3)

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California, USA.

Introduction: Clinical guidelines urge timely postpartum screening for diabetes among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), yet patient factors associated with screening uptake remain unclear. We aimed to identify patient factors associated with completed postpartum diabetes screening (2-hour oral glucose tolerance test within 4-12 weeks postpartum), as recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

Research Design And Methods: Within the context of Gestational Diabetes' Effects on Moms (GEM), a pragmatic cluster randomized trial (2011-2012), we examined survey and electronic health record data to assess clinical and sociodemographic factors associated with uptake of ADA-recommended postpartum screening. Read More

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Nifedipine plus Systematic Nursing on Pregnancy Outcomes in Patients with Gestational Hypertension.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 8;2022:4417790. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Maternity Ward of Jiangsu Hai'an County People's Hospital, No. 17 Zhongba Middle Road, Hai'an City 226600, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: To study the effect of nifedipine combined with systematic nursing on pregnancy outcomes in patients with gestational hypertension.

Methods: According to the random number table method, 120 patients with gestational hypertension treated in our hospital were divided into the control group (60 cases) and observation group (60 cases). The control group was given magnesium sulfate treatment, the observation group was given magnesium sulfate combined with nifedipine, and the two groups of patients were given systematic nursing. Read More

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Mangiferin Alleviates Postpartum Depression-Like Behaviors by Inhibiting MAPK Signaling in Microglia.

Front Pharmacol 2022 3;13:840567. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Center on Translational Neuroscience, College of Life and Environmental Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing, China.

Postpartum depression (PPD), a severe mental health disorder, is closely associated with decreased gonadal hormone levels during the postpartum period. Mangiferin (MGF) possesses a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation. Growing evidence has suggested that neuroinflammation is involved in the development of depression. Read More

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Effectiveness of the "Essential Coaching for Every Mother" postpartum text message program on maternal psychosocial outcomes: A randomized controlled trial.

Digit Health 2022 Jan-Dec;8:20552076221107886. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of the program on maternal self-efficacy, perceived social support, postpartum anxiety, and postpartum depression at six-weeks postpartum.

Methods: Participants from Nova Scotia were randomized, stratified by parity, to receive either the postpartum text-message program or usual care, from birth to six-weeks postpartum. Participants completed surveys at enrollment (after birth) and at 6 weeks. Read More

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Acceptability and impact of group interpersonal therapy (IPT-G) on Kenyan adolescent mothers living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): a qualitative analysis.

BMC Womens Health 2022 06 18;22(1):240. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 47074-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Task shifting is a well-tested implementation strategy within low- and middle-income countries that addresses the shortage of trained mental health personnel. Task shifting can increase access to care for patients with mental illnesses. In Kenya, community health workers (CHWs) are a combination of community health assistants and community health volunteers and have played a crucial role on this front. Read More

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