8,058 results match your criteria Postpartum Depression


New parents' experiences of postpartum depression: a systematic review of qualitative evidence.

JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

The Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Affiliated Group.

Objectives: The objective of the review was to synthesize the evidence on new mothers' and fathers' experiences of postpartum depression (PPD).

Introduction: Postpartum depression is a form of clinical depression that affects women and, less frequently, men, typically during the first months after childbirth. It has been estimated that 10% to 20% of women and 10% of men suffer from postpartum depression, and it may have serious consequences for mothers, fathers and their children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003909DOI Listing

Sociocultural stressors across the perinatal period and risk for postpartum depressive symptoms in women of Mexican descent.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2019 Apr 25. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Psychology.

Objectives: In the United States, women of Mexican descent are affected by postpartum depression at disproportionate rates, often two to three times higher than the general population. Sociocultural stressors may contribute to this disparity. Traditionally, these stressors are measured at a single time point, and it is unknown if sociocultural stressors change from pregnancy to the postnatal period and if they are related to postpartum depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000278DOI Listing

The Effectiveness of Hypnosis Intervention in Alleviating Postpartum Psychological Symptoms.

Am J Clin Hypn 2019 Apr;61(4):409-425

b University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.

Psychological symptoms, particularly postpartum depression, may impair women's well-being after childbirth. Mind-body treatments such as hypnosis are available to help prepare women to maintain or improve their well-being postpartum. The aims of the present study are to determine the effectiveness of a hypnosis intervention in alleviating psychological symptoms (stress, anxiety, and depression) and the symptoms of postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00029157.2018.1538870DOI Listing

The Most Beautiful Man: An Integration of Hypnosis and Biofeedback for Depression and Dissociation.

Authors:
Donald Moss

Am J Clin Hypn 2019 Apr;61(4):322-334

a Saybrook University , Oakland , CA.

Hypnosis and biofeedback techniques are evidence-based psychophysiological therapies that can be applied with a wide variety of medical and mental health disorders. Research shows efficacy for anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTDS), chronic pain, hypertension, fibromyalgia, and a host of other disorders. Hypnosis and biofeedback can also augment the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00029157.2018.1517082DOI Listing

Adversity in childhood and depression in pregnancy.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. N.W, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been found to be associated with various health conditions; however, there is dearth of evidence on the relationship between ACEs and prenatal depression. This study was conducted to determine the association between overall ACE score and prenatal depression symptoms, assess the moderating effect of social support and partner support on this relationship, and determine the association between individual ACE scores and prenatal depression. A secondary analysis was conducted of data from an RCT that assessed the feasibility of e-screening for maternal mental health among 636 pregnant women recruited from antenatal clinics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-00966-4DOI Listing

Prenatal maternal personality as an early predictor of vulnerable parenting style.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Perinatal mental health problems, particularly depression, are prevalent and have been a central focus of prevention initiatives. The greater proportion of ongoing annual perinatal mental health economic cost burdens relate to children. A key linking mechanism is mother-infant relationship quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-00963-7DOI Listing

Effectiveness of Acupuncture Used for the Management of Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Biomed Res Int 2019 20;2019:6597503. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200071, China.

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that acupuncture was an effective alternative for treating major depressive disorders. However, the use of acupuncture for the treatment of postpartum depression remains controversial. This review summarizes the most significant studies in the area of acupuncture treatment for postpartum depression and provides a detailed overview of the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6597503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446093PMC

Social Support-A Protective Factor for Depressed Perinatal Women?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 21;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Parent-Infant Research Institute, Heidelberg West, Victoria 3081, Australia.

Social support before and after childbirth is a possible protective factor for perinatal depression. Currently, there is a lack of longitudinal studies beyond the first year postpartum exploring the relationship of social support with depression and anxiety. Social support is also a possible protective factor for adverse child development, which is a known consequence of perinatal depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081426DOI Listing

Gender and hormonal influences in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome.

Eur Stroke J 2016 Sep 28;1(3):199-204. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, USA.

Introduction: The reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes, including postpartum angiopathy, have been characterized over the last decade. Women are predominantly affected. Some studies suggest that postpartum angiopathy carries a worse prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987316656981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301236PMC
September 2016

A 7-year follow-up of antenatal depression treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy: A case report of maternal and child outcomes.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 9;7:2050313X19841463. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

There are few studies of cognitive behavioral therapy for women with antenatal depression including qualitative and quantitative data, and yet, individual cases can provide valuable information on personal experiences of treatment effectiveness and acceptability. The purpose of this case report is to explore the long-term qualitative outcomes following cognitive behavioral therapy for antenatal depression. A pregnant woman with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders diagnosis of depression was allocated to receive seven sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy in a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X19841463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457020PMC

Fear of childbirth and associated factors among low-risk pregnant women.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2019 Apr 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital , Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand.

The aims of this study were to determine prevalence of childbirth fear among uncomplicated pregnant women in Siriraj Hospital and possible associated factors. A total of 305 uncomplicated, singleton pregnant women were enrolled during early third trimester. All participants were interviewed regarding baseline demographic, social, economic, family, and obstetric characteristics. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01443615.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2019.1584885DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Seasonality and symptoms of depression: A systematic review of the literature.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 22:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

School of Epidemiology & Public Health,University of Ottawa,Ottawa,Canada.

AimsLay opinions and published papers alike suggest mood varies with the seasons, commonly framed as higher rates of depression mood in winter. Memory and confirmation bias may have influenced previous studies. We therefore systematically searched for and reviewed studies on the topic, but excluded study designs where explicit referrals to seasonality were included in questions, interviews or data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000209DOI Listing

Self-Reported Sleep Quality and Actigraphic Measures of Sleep in New Mothers and the Relationship to Postpartum Depressive Symptoms.

Behav Sleep Med 2019 Apr 21:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

a Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.

Objective: This study's purpose is to examine relationships between self-reported sleep quality, actigraphy data, and depressive symptoms in a sample of women at 6 and 12 weeks postpartum.

Methods: This secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral sleep intervention measured sleep with actigraphy and self-report. Self-reported measures included the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS) and mothers' reports of their sleep as a "small/big/no" problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2019.1601629DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Brexanolone: First Global Approval.

Authors:
Lesley J Scott

Drugs 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay, Auckland, 0754, New Zealand.

Brexanolone (ZULRESSO™) is an intravenously administered, small molecule, neuroactive steroid GABA receptor positive allosteric modulator that was developed by Sage Therapeutics under license to the University of California for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD). The formulation is a mixture of allopregnanolone, an endogenous inhibitory pregnane neurosteroid, and sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin (a solubilizing agent). In mid-March 2019 brexanolone received its first global approval in the USA for the treatment of PPD in adult women. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40265-019-01121-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40265-019-01121-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Preventing postpartum depression: fatigue management is a place to start.

Evid Based Nurs 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebnurs-2019-103073DOI Listing

Effect of aromatherapy on post-partum complications: A systematic review.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 15;35:290-295. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Student Research Committee, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: and purpose: Aromatherapy is a known popular method to reduce the symptoms of various physiologic processes and diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether aromatherapy improves symptoms commonly experienced by women during the postpartum period.

Methods: In the present systematic review, four international databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched from inception of databases through August 2018. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17443881183078
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.010DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Imbalance between Omega-6 and Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Early Pregnancy Is Predictive of Postpartum Depression in a Belgian Cohort.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Metastasis Research Laboratory, GIGA-CANCER, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

While studies revealed that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and their mediators would be able to regulate several biological processes involved into the development of postpartum depression (PPD), evidence from observational studies remains mixed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between maternal erythrocyte n-3 PUFA, measured in early pregnancy, and the risk of PPD. A Belgian cohort of 72 healthy women was screened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040876DOI Listing

The best perinatal depression screening: Is self-administered PHQ2 more feasible than a nurse-administered one?

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Women's Health, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York.

Purpose: To assess perinatal depression screening via self-administered PHQ2 (SAP) vs nurse-administered PHQ2 (NAP).

Design And Methods: NAP screening was performed for 3 months, followed by SAP. Data were gathered from visits at 24 to 28 weeks gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12383DOI Listing

Postpartum Depressive Disorder - Psychosomatic Aspects.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2019 Apr 12;79(4):375-381. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Clinical Institute for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common mental illness in mothers following the birth of a child. Since the symptoms of PPD are similar to the normal stress of healthy women following childbirth, it is often difficult for the attending gynaecologist or midwife to diagnose this illness in a timely manner and thus initiate adequate treatment and comprehensive support for the patient. Even if there are options for a screening using evaluated questionnaires and subsequent psychotherapy and/or drug therapy in the treatment of PPD which has proven effective, it is seen that, in most treatment approaches, little consideration is given to the affect-controlled interaction and the bonding behaviour between mother and child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0759-1981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461464PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Depressive symptom contagion in the transition to parenthood: Interparental processes and the role of partner-related attachment.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology.

How depressive symptoms unfold within a couple during the perinatal events of pregnancy, childbirth, and early parenthood is poorly understood. In this prospective study, we aim to investigate the reciprocal relation between maternal and paternal depressive symptomatology, specifically how symptoms in 1 partner relate to subsequent symptom level changes in the other partner throughout the perinatal period. Further, we aim to identify parents who are particularly vulnerable to the development of disruptive processes of negative mood states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000429DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Link between insomnia and perinatal depressive symptoms: A meta-analysis.

J Sleep Res 2019 Apr 14:e12858. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Evidence shows the possible link between insomnia and perinatal depressive symptoms. In order to find a convergent quantitative answer, we collected data via the search of Medline, EMBASE and reference tracking, which included nine studies (a total sample of 1,922 women). An aggregate effect size estimate (correlation coefficient) was generated using the comprehensive meta-analysis software. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jsr.12858
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12858DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
3.347 Impact Factor

Postpartum Mental Health Disorders in Indigenous Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB; School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. Electronic address:

Objective: This systematic review synthesized and evaluated the evidence on the prevalence of postpartum mental health disorders in Indigenous women.

Methods: Comprehensive searches of biomedical electronic databases including Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science were performed for peer-reviewed literature published from 1990 to September 2018. The search strategy included terms related to the postpartum period, mental health disorders, and Indigenous ancestry. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17012163193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Ovarian Cancer Immature Teratoma Type in Pregnancy: Management and Feto-Maternal Outcomes.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Mar 15;7(6):1016-1020. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pediatrics, Anatomical Pathology, Medical Science Faculty of Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia.

Background: Immature teratoma is malignant ovarian germ cell tumours (MOGCTs). The case in pregnancy is very rare which less than 1% of all ovarian teratoma cases. The aim is to reach optimal and comprehensive management for immature ovarian teratoma in pregnancy to gain the healthiest maternal and fetal outcomes. Read More

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https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454180PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their children.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 11;19(1):112. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Parenthood is a life transition that can be especially demanding for vulnerable individuals. Young maternal age and maternal single status have been reported to increase the risk for adverse outcomes for both mother and child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of young maternal age and maternal single status on maternal and child mental health and child development at age 3. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2082-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460673PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Mother-infant bonding is not associated with feeding type: a community study sample.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):125. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Obstetrics & Gynecology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Ha-Lochamim 62, Holon, Israel.

Background: Bonding refers to emotions and cognitions towards one's infant. Breastfeeding is believed to facilitate bonding, yet only a handful of studies have empirically tested this assertion. This study aimed to confirm whether a positive association between breastfeeding and bonding exists and whether breastfeeding may be protective against the negative consequences of mood and sleep disturbances on bonding. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2264-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458683PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Cytokine alterations in first-onset postpartum psychosis-clues for underlying immune dysregulation.

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Mar 26;42:74-78. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, 560029, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Emerging evidence suggests a possible role for immune system dysregulation in the pathogenesis of postpartum psychosis (PP) but the evidence is limited. The current study sought to determine the serum cytokines/ chemokine changes associated with first-onset PP.

Methods: Women with first onset PP were recruited as cases and the cytokines/ chemokine changes were compared against healthy postpartum (HP) and healthy non-postpartum (HNP) women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Functional Nutrition Treatment of Vulvodynia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and Depression: A Case Report.

Authors:
Jessica Drummond

Integr Med (Encinitas) 2018 Jun;17(3):44-51

A 34-y-old pregnant woman previously diagnosed with vulvodynia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and depression used an elimination diet and nutritional supplementation-from 15 wk pregnant to 22 wk postpartum-to resolve her vulvodynia and IBS, and to reduce her use of antidepressant medication. This case demonstrates the potential usefulness of incorporating a customized functional nutritional approach to evaluate potential proinflammatory foods and nutritional insufficiencies in perinatal patients and postnatal patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396768PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Postpartum depression: new drug will be monitored at approved sites.

Authors:
Owen Dyer

BMJ 2019 Mar 26;364:l1400. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Montreal.

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http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmj.l1400
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1400DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Bridging the Gap for Perinatal Veterans: Care by Mental Health Providers at the Veterans Health Administration.

Womens Health Issues 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Research and Development, VA Central Western Massachusetts, Leeds, Massachusetts.

Background: Pregnant women veterans receive maternity care from community obstetricians but continue to receive mental health care within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Our objective was to explore the experiences of VHA mental health providers with pregnant and postpartum veterans.

Methods: Mental health providers (n = 33) were identified at 14 VHA facilities across the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2019.02.005DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Stress: Influence of sex, reproductive status and gender.

Neurobiol Stress 2019 Feb 9;10:100155. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Emerging evidence from the preclinical and human research suggests sex differences in response to different types of stress exposure, and that developmental timing, reproductive status, and biological sex are important factors influencing the degree of HPA activation/function. Here we review data regarding: i) sex differences in behavioral and neural responses to uncontrollable and controllable stressors; ii) distinct trajectories of behavioral development and HPA-axis function in male and female rats following adolescent stress exposure; iii) normative changes in behavior and dopamine function in early postpartum rats; iv) aberrant HPA-axis function and its link to abnormal behaviors in two independent, preclinical mouse models of postpartum depression; and, v) data indicating that gender, in addition to sex, is an important determinant of stress reactivity in humans. Based on these findings, we conclude it will be important for future studies to investigate the short and long-term effects of a wide variety of stressors, how these effects may differ according to developmental timing and in relation to gonadal function, the relationship between aberrant HPA-axis activity during the postpartum and mood disorders, and influences of both sex and gender on stress reactivity in humans. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23522895183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ynstr.2019.100155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430637PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Self-criticism, negative automatic thoughts and postpartum depressive symptoms: the buffering effect of self-compassion.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2019 Apr 5:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

b Research Group "Relationships, Development & Health", Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the direct and indirect effects of self-criticism on postpartum depressive symptoms, through postpartum cognitions, and analyse the moderating role of self-compassion in this relationship.

Background: Self-criticism and self-compassion are associated with postpartum depression. However, further research is needed to understand how these mechanisms operate in the development/maintenance of depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2019.1597969DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Prevalence and predictors of postpartum depression by HIV status and timing of HIV diagnosis in Gauteng, South Africa.

PLoS One 2019 4;14(4):e0214849. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common mental health condition that can compromise the quality of life and functional capacity of mothers and cause health and developmental problems in children born to affected mothers.

Objectives: We set out to measure the prevalence of PPD comparing postpartum HIV-1 infected women with pre-pregnancy HIV care experience, newly diagnosed (in latest pregnancy) HIV-1 infected women and HIV negative women, and to identify predictors of major PPD among these women in a peri-urban clinic in South Africa.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1151 adult (≥18 years) postpartum HIV-1 infected (690) and HIV negative (461) women who delivered up to 30 days before study enrolment, interviewed after their first post-natal visit (3-6 days post- delivery) at Midwife Obstetric Units in Gauteng, South Africa. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214849PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448929PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Late Pregnancy and Postpartum Emergencies.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 May;37(2):277-286

UCLA Ronald Reagan-Olive View Emergency Medicine Residency, Ronald Reagan Medical Center, 924 Westwood Boulevard, Suite 300, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

The period just after delivery is a high-risk period for women with associated morbidity and even mortality. There are large variations in complication rates across various groups in the United States. This article covers complications commonly encountered in the emergency department in late pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2019.01.013DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Development of Postpartum Depression in Pregnant Women with Preeclampsia: A Retrospective Study.

Biomed Res Int 2019 27;2019:9601476. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

The Department of Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) and preeclampsia (PE) are both common diseases in obstetrics that affect maternal health and infant development. However, the relationship between the two diseases still requires clarification.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to (1) determine the incidence rate of PPD in patients with PE and (2) identify the association between the prevalence of PPD and the severity of PE. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/9601476/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9601476DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415313PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Effectiveness of Kangaroo Care for a Patient with Postpartum Depression and Comorbid Mother-Infant Bonding Disorder.

Case Rep Psychiatry 2019 25;2019:9157214. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Toho University School of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo 143-8541, Japan.

The presently reported patient was a 37-year-old married primipara with peripartum depression comorbid with bonding disorder. Care anxiety and a lack of affection towards her baby first appeared at around the time of delivery, and the patient developed major depression at one month after the birth of her healthy baby. At first, standard treatment for major depression including the use of antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy, and supportive psychotherapy were provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9157214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413388PMC
February 2019

Predictors of Infant Care Competence Among Mothers With Postpartum Depression.

Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2019 26;13:1179558119834910. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background/objective: Postpartum depression is linked to decreased quality mother-infant interactions and long-term negative impacts on children's behavior and health. Infant care competence may be reduced by postpartum depression and other maternal or environmental variables. Thus, the objective of this study was to explain factors that contribute to perceived infant care competence among mothers with postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119834910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435878PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) and father support interact to predict depressive symptoms postpartum.

Biol Psychol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Chapman University, Department of Psychology, One University Drive, Orange, CA, 92866, USA; University of California, Merced, Department of Psychology, 5200 Lake Road, Merced, CA, 95340, USA. Electronic address:

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a debilitating mental illness affecting approximately 13% of mothers after birth. Both genetic and psychosocial factors contribute to PPD risk, but very little is known about how these factors interact. We tested whether the rs53576 polymorphism in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene accounts for variation in the impact of low social support as a risk factor for depression among mothers during the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Major depressive episodes during pregnancy and after childbirth: A prospective longitudinal study in Taiwan.

J Formos Med Assoc 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Mind-Body Interface Laboratory (MBI-Lab), China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Major depressive episodes (MDEs) are common during pregnancy and postpartum periods, and the consequences can be severe to mother and offspring. Few studies have investigated the clinical factors associated with the onset and remission of perinatal depression in different time points.

Methods: A cohort of 234 pregnant women was recruited and assessed with structured Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for diagnoses of MDEs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Postnatal depression and infant growth in an urban area of Bangladesh.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 22;74:57-67. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Postnatal depression (PND) has been a common depressive mental disorder among the mothers in a low-income country like Bangladesh where stunting, underweight and wasting are prevalent among infants. The present prospective cohort study was carried out among 297 non-depressed and 103 depressed mothers (ages 18-36 years) to find the association between post natal depression and growth of infants. Data were collected by face to face interview through semi-structured questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were taken with proper anthropometric techniques and calibrated instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.03.014DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Parental Engagement and Early Interactions With Preterm Infants Reduce Risk of Late Postpartum Depression.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2019 May;207(5):360-364

Nursing Department, Wuxi Children's Hospital, Wuxi, People's Republic of China.

Recent studies have shown that preterm delivery is a risk factor for the development of postpartum depression, which not only impairs maternal-infant interactions, leading to infant developmental delay and social interaction difficulties in affected children, but also increases the risk of depression in the mother. Hence, this article aims to study the effects of parental engagement and early interactions with preterm infants on subsequent infant development and behavior, maternal adjustment, and mother-infant relationship. A total of 151 infants/mothers were enrolled in our study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000971DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression among reproductive aged women in Ahvaz, Iran.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Mar 29:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

a Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research Centre , Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz , Iran.

In this study authors aimed to identify the prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression in Ahvaz, Iran. A total of 505 women enrolled in this study from six public health centers in Ahvaz city, Republic of Iran. This study started in February and completed in September 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2019.1578779DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cognitive correlates of women's postpartum depression risk and symptoms: the contribution of dysfunctional beliefs and negative thoughts.

J Ment Health 2019 Mar 29:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

a Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention (CINEICC) of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Background: Despite the extensive research on interpersonal and clinical risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD), there is a paucity of research on the potential role of cognitive variables (dysfunctional beliefs and negative thoughts) as correlates of PPD symptoms.

Aims: This exploratory study aimed to understand the cognitive processes of women at a higher risk (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2019.1581331DOI Listing
March 2019
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The dynamic course of peripartum depression across pregnancy and childbirth.

J Psychiatr Res 2019 Mar 15;113:72-78. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Psychiatry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Objective: Peripartum depression (PPD) pertaining to depression in pregnancy and postpartum is one of the most common complications around childbirth with enduring adverse effects on mother and child health. Although psychiatric symptoms may improve or worsen over time, relatively little is known about the course of PPD symptoms and possible fluctuations.

Methods: We applied a person-centered approach to examine PPD symptom patterns across pregnancy and childbirth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.03.016DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Postpartum hormonal contraception use and incidence of postpartum depression: a systematic review.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2019 Apr 28;24(2):109-116. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

c Division of Reproductive Health , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , GA , USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the association between postpartum hormonal contraceptive use and postpartum depression.

Materials And Methods: We searched the literature through March 2018 on the association between postpartum hormonal contraception use and incident postpartum depression. We used the United States Preventive Services Task Force framework to assess study quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13625187.2019.1569610DOI Listing
April 2019
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Neuroactive Steroids and GABAergic Involvement in the Neuroendocrine Dysfunction Associated With Major Depressive Disorder and Postpartum Depression.

Authors:
Jamie Maguire

Front Cell Neurosci 2019 8;13:83. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Neuroscience Department, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States.

Stress and previous adverse life events are well-established risk factors for depression. Further, neuroendocrine disruptions are associated with both major depressive disorder (MDD) and postpartum depression (PPD). However, the mechanisms whereby stress contributes to the underlying neurobiology of depression remains poorly understood. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fncel.2019.00083
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2019.00083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418819PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Psychotropic medication use and intimate partner violence at 4 years postpartum: Results from an Australian pregnancy cohort study.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 18;251:71-77. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Intergenerational Health Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3052, Australia; Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia; Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3052, Australia; South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, North Terrace, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: In the perinatal period, maternal mental health problems and intimate partner violence often co-occur. We aimed to examine associations between psychotropic medication use and intimate partner violence (IPV) in an Australian population-based sample.

Methods: Prospective cohort study of 1507 first-time mothers recruited in early pregnancy (mean gestation 15 weeks) from public maternity hospitals in Melbourne Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.052DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Risk Factors for Delayed Onset of Lactogenesis II Among Primiparous Mothers from a Brazilian Baby-Friendly Hospital.

J Hum Lact 2019 Mar 22:890334419835174. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

7 Department of Pediatrics of School of Medicine of UFMG, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Background:: Low milk supply is frequently reported as a reason for exclusive breastfeeding cessation.

Research Aims:: To determine the occurrence of, and the risk factors associated with, delayed onset of lactogenesis II among primiparas seen at a Baby-Friendly Hospital in Brazil.

Method:: We conducted a prospective longitudinal observational cohort study of 224 primiparas who had a singleton delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890334419835174DOI Listing
March 2019
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Maternal unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm, obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression in the perinatal period: study protocol.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21;19(1):94. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpose. Thoughts of intentional harm, in particular, are distressing to women, their partners and the people who care for them. While maternal, unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are known to be associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, preliminary evidence suggests that they are not associated with an increased risk of harm to infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2067-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429780PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Associations of Prenatal and Postnatal Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Offspring Cognition and Behavior in Mid-Childhood: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 20;16(6). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Chronic Disease Research Across the Lifecourse, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in the peri-pregnancy periods may be associated with poorer child development, but research is often limited to only maternal assessments of behavior and cognition. This study investigates the specific periods of prenatal and postnatal exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in association with child development using reports from teachers and mothers. This study is based on 1225 mother⁻child pairs from Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort study. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/6/1007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466510PMC
March 2019
9 Reads

The Relationship Between Vitamin D and Postpartum Depression in Reproductive-Aged Iranian Women.

J Med Life 2018 Oct-Dec;11(4):286-292

School of Health Sciences, Health Professions 2239, Central Michigan University, Michigan, United States of America.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and postpartum depression in reproductive-aged Iranian women. This study was conducted on 120 women (60 with postpartum depression and 60 without) in Izeh, Iran. A socio-demographic questionnaire and Beck Depression Scale were used for data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25122/jml-2018-0038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418338PMC
March 2019
4 Reads