56,511 results match your criteria Postgraduate medical journal[Journal]
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202257. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Infection, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Objective: To determine whether a tailored multifaceted implementation strategy improves the initial management of patients with suspected encephalitis.
Design: Pragmatic two arm cluster randomised controlled trial.
Setting: Hospitals within the United Kingdom. Read More
Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):670-679. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Coimbra. Coimbra. Serviço de Otorrinolaringologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR). Coimbra. Portugal.
Introduction: There is a high heterogeneity in the structure of postgraduate medical training evaluation worldwide. However, in contrast to other countries, there have been no scientific studies of the final medical board examination, in Portugal. The present study aimed to evaluate the adequacy of the medical board examination including its validity as measured by its association with medical school grade average and national seriation examination. Read More
Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):609-611. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Acta Médica Portuguesa. Lisboa. Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Coimbra University Hospitals. Coimbra. Faculty of Medicine. University of Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(12):611
Honorary Clinical Fellow, Plymouth University and Postgraduate Researcher, Faculty of Management, Bournemouth University.
JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles.
Importance: The 2013/2014 American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologists (ASCO-CAP) guidelines for HER2 testing by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) designated an "equivocal" category (average HER2 copies per tumor cell ≥4-6 with HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0) to be resolved as negative or positive by assessments with alternative control probes. Approximately 4% to 12% of all invasive breast cancers are characterized as HER2-equivocal based on FISH. Read More
J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
From the Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, India.
Arch Womens Ment Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
Parenthood represents a major biological, social and environmental life change. Mental health disorders are common in parents and impact both the parent and their offspring. However, the relationship between parenthood and mental health and the direction of these effects are poorly understood. Read More
Clin Oral Investig 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Endodontic Clinical Section, School of Dentistry, Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences (DIBINEM), Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Via San Vitale 59, 40125, Bologna, Italy.
Objectives: Retrospective description of the 10-year success rate of endodontic treatments with Thermafil (TF).
Materials And Methods: Patients treated by postgraduate students in an Endodontics Master's Program (2006-2008) were enrolled. All treated root canals were filled with TF and AH Plus. Read More
Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Aug 7;6:72-79. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Yale University, Fertility Center, New Haven, CT, USA.
This study examined the attitudes of obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN) resident physicians to initiating patient discussions regarding medical and elective oocyte cryopreservation (OC). The study used a cross-sectional online survey of OB/GYN medical residents in the USA, sampled from residency programmes approved by the American Council for Graduate Medical Education. In total, 208 medical residents, distributed evenly between postgraduate years 1-4, participated in the study. Read More
Biomed Res Int 2018 4;2018:8305927. Epub 2018 Nov 4.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC-University Medical Center and Postgraduate School Molecular Medicine, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/6751952.]. Read More
PeerJ 2018 28;6:e5991. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
PostGraduate Program in Ethnobiology and Nature Conservation, Universidade Regional do Cariri, Crato, Ceará, Brazil.
Background: Fruit consumption is currently considered beyond the nutritional aspects because of the important roles in disease prevention and benefits to health. The objective of this study was to characterize the chemical profile and evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of different fractions obtained from fruit pulps of (MFFs).
Methods: Initially, chloroform, ethyl acetate and ethanol fractions were obtained from the pulps. Read More
J Cancer 2018 21;9(23):4334-4340. Epub 2018 Oct 21.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
Evidence for an association between ABO blood type and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) survival has so far been limited and conflictive. This study applied a retrospective cohort and included 627 EOC patients diagnosed at Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between 2011 and 2015. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) between the ABO blood type and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of EOC patients were assessed using multivariable Cox proportional regression models. Read More
J Cancer 2018 18;9(22):4172-4178. Epub 2018 Oct 18.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
The influence of time to chemotherapy (TTC) on recurrence and survival among epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients still remains unknown. This single center retrospective cohort study was conducted on 489 EOC patients who underwent surgery followed by taxane- plus platinum-based chemotherapy in the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between 2011 and 2015. The Multivariate cox proportional regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after adjustment for potential confounders. Read More
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 5;2018:8464628. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), Block 3A, Institute of Postgraduate Studies Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory, Malaysia.
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/739850.]. Read More
Infect Drug Resist 2018 8;11:2199-2205. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Department of Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Catanzaro "Magna Græcia", Catanzaro, Italy,
Purpose: The overuse, misuse, and underuse of antimicrobial agents often lead to the spread of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. The aim of our study was to describe the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs) among the adult population and the factors associated with antibiotic prescribing.
Patients And Methods: The study involved patients who visited a general practitioner with suspected acute RTI. Read More
JCI Insight 2018 Dec 6;3(23). Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
There is growing concern that the physician-scientist is endangered due to a leaky training pipeline and prolonged time to scientific independence (1). The NIH Physician-Scientist Workforce Working Group has concluded that as many as 1,000 individuals will need to enter the pipeline each year to sustain the workforce (2). Moreover, surveys of postgraduate training programs document considerable variability in disposition and infrastructure (3). Read More
Neurology 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
From the Department of Neurology (A.M.), Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI; Insights Department (C.C.), American Academy of Neurology, Minneapolis; Department of Neurology (E.S.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Neurology (S.G.), University of Alabama at Birmingham; Department of Pediatrics (S.A.), Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH; Department of Neurology (E.J.), University of Southern California, Los Angeles; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (L.S.), Stanford Center for Sleep Sciences and Medicine, Palo Alto, CA.
Objective: To survey graduating US neurology residents on the topics of debt, fellowship interview process, future plans, and their readiness for practice and business management tasks.
Methods: An electronic survey was sent to all US American Academy of Neurology member adult and child neurology residents graduating in June 2017.
Results: The response rate was 23. Read More
BMJ Support Palliat Care 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain.
Objectives: Generation and dissemination of knowledge is a relevant challenge of palliative care (PC). The Chair Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)/University of Vic (UVIC) of Palliative Care (CPC) was founded in 2012, as a joint project of the ICO and the University of Vic/Central of Catalonia to promote the development of PC with public health and community-oriented vision and academic perspectives. The initiative brought together professionals from a wide range of disciplines (PC, geriatrics, oncology, primary care and policy) and became the first chair of PC in Spain. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 4;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.
First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-004 Warsaw, Poland.
Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumors of the female genital tract. The incidence of UFs has been estimated at 25⁻80% depending on selected population. The pathophysiology of UFs remains poorly understood. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Dec;179(6):e227
Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012, India.
Am J Hypertens 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Background: To analyze the relationship between early life indicators, blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness in childhood, in three samples with different bio-cultural characteristics.
Methods: The total sample included 520 schoolchildren 9-10 years of age from Madrid (Spain), Vitória (Brazil) and Luanda (Angola). Height and weight, BP and carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity (cf-PWV) were measured, all by 1 observer in each site, BMI was calculated. Read More
PLoS One 2018 3;13(12):e0208253. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Viçosa Campus Florestal, Florestal, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Atta bisphaerica (Forel) is a leaf-cutting ant that specializes on grass and causes productivity losses in sugar cane fields and pastures. Three phorid species, Apocephalus attophilus (Borgmeier), Myrmosicarius grandicornis (Borgmeier) and Eibesfeldtphora bragancai (Brown), have been found parasitizing A. bisphaerica workers. Read More
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec;3(12):819
Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Department of Dermatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India.
Most of the cancer types in general and melanoma in particular exhibit mitochondrial dysfunction leading to the Warburg effect. Our present study stemmed from the observation that human melanoma A-375 and B16 cells displayed overexpression of a novel micro-RNA, miR-2909, shown in our earlier studies to be involved in aerobic glycolysis. Consequently, our study attempts to demonstrate the role of miR-2909 in the regulation of mitochondrial function within human melanocytes. Read More
BJOG 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Port Royal Maternity Unit, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
Objective: To examine the relationship between gender and a career in academic medicine.
Design: Mixed-methods study.
Setting: Obstetrics-gynaecology postgraduate training programme in Paris, France. Read More
Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Neuropsychiatry, Behavioral Science Postgraduate Program at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
Introduction: Approximately 15% of all people will experience a depressive episode throughout their lives, and by 2020, depression will be the second largest cause of disability around the world. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been shown to be an effective option for treating this condition. Devices such as the double-cone coil may bring new insights regarding depression treatment. Read More
Prog Orthod 2018 Dec 3;19(1):47. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Head of Orthodontic Division and Chair of the Postgraduate Orthodontic Program, Department of Orthodontics, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via L. De Crecchio 6, 80138, Naples, Italy.
Background: Reproducible and descriptive Three-dimensional treatment evaluation can enhance future treatment based on realistic results. So, the purpose of this study was to describe a new method for three-dimensional treatment evaluation showing how to use fully-automated craniofacial superimposition of CBCT records combined with reference system to obtain descriptive and comparable results. This new method was named United Reference Method (URM). Read More
Apoptosis 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Chongqing Productivity Promotion Center for the Modernization of Chinese Traditional Medicine, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China.
The diversity of the bacterial community in the gut is closely related to human health. Gut microbes accomplish multiple physiological and biochemical functions. Sitosterols are a series of phytochemicals that have multiple pharmacological activities and are used as cholesterol-lowering drugs in clinical practice. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):432-434
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Perintalmanna, Kerala, India.
Introduction And Background: The abuse and misuse of topical corticosteroids, especially over the face, is an increasing problem encountered by dermatologists in India. Lack of patient awareness and the ease of obtaining topical corticosteroids without a prescription are important underlying factors. As the first point of contact, the pharmacist has an important role in controlling topical corticosteroid abuse. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):367-372
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India E-mail:
Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Nov 10;25(7):1257-1262. Epub 2016 May 10.
Department of Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Hepatitis B with precore stop codon mutation is related with severe liver damage in HBeAg negative patients. It is of utmost importance to screen the G1896A precore mutation. The study was designed to assess the impact of G1986A mutations in patients with different clinical spectra of the liver disease by PCR-LCR. Read More
Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):308
Department of Retina, Aravind Eye Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):200-206
Department of Vitreo-Retina Services, Aravind Eye Hospital and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), the fourth most common nonsurgical retinopathy with a usual self-limiting course, is known to present with persistent or recurrent form with distressing visual loss. Evolution of newer mutimodal imaging techniques have revolutionized the understanding about the pathophysiology of CSC, and hence the diagnosis and management. Multifactorial etiopathology of CSC promotes the use of multiple treatment modalities. Read More
Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):208-215
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Context: The term giant mandibular ameloblastoma (GMAs) while being in popular usage in the medical literature remains largely equivocal. Although a few authors have in the past attempted to ascribe definite criteria to this entity, these are by and large arbitrary and without any benefit in decision-making or contributing to its management.
Aims: The aim of this study is to propose a set of objective criteria for GMAs that can be clinically correlated and thereby aid in the management of this entity. Read More
Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Aug;50(4):208-211
Clinical Trials Registry - India, ICMR-National Institute of Medical Statistics, New Delhi, India.
The Clinical Trials Registry - India (CTRI), launched over 10 years ago, is a free, searchable online platform for registration of clinical trials being conducted in India and as well as countries which do not have a Primary Registry of their own. The objective of the present article is to appraise the current status and the new developments of CTRI, which registers all types of clinical studies, including postgraduate theses. The CTRI which was until now allowing both prospective and retrospective registration is moving towards only prospective trial registration. Read More
Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Aug;50(4):204-207
Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Background: Cefixime is a widely used third-generation cephalosporin schedule H1 drug, which is prescribed for the treatment of otitis media, respiratory tract infections, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections and is effective against infections caused by and species in India. The National Coordination Centre (NCC)-Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI), Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC), has received rare individual case safety reports (ICSRs) for acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) associated with the use of cefixime.
Materials And Methods: IPC, NCC-PvPI also acts as a national collaborating center for pharmacovigilance activities under the aegis of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; moreover, it is a member country in global pharmacovigilance system, World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden. Read More
Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Aug;50(4):197-203
Department of Medical Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Background: From the past five decades, metronidazole and tinidazole have been used for treating nonresistant and resistant giardiasis and trichomoniasis. However, due to the occurrence of drug resistance to standard therapy idealizes us to explore some additional therapies which is cost-effective, easy accessibility, and natural which has least side effects. Manuka honey obtained from is well known for its antibacterial and wound healing properties and is thought to be a better option as an additional therapy. Read More
Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Aug;50(4):159-168
Department of Pharmacology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Pharmacology education has passed through various stages in the evolution sequence due to ever-changing type and repository of drugs as well as technological advancements in the educational processes. This article reviews the journey of evolution of pharmacology education. Pharmacology is relevant component of various curricula in medical, dental, and paramedical courses. Read More
J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1854-1858
Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi.
Pheochromocytoma, a rare tumour, arises mainly in the adrenal gland. It consists of chromaffin cells or sympathetic para-ganglia if extra-adrenal. It is an occurrence of rare nature with an incidence of two to eight cases per million annually. Read More
J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1848-1850
Postgraduate trainee, Department of Paediatrics, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi Medical and Denatl College.
From June 2018, onwards, there has been an upsurge of multi-resistant enteric infections in children admitted from various catchment areas of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). This is a serious concern as very few antibiotics are available to treat the children. Children from June 2018 to September 2018 of age groups 5. Read More
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1859-1860
Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1849-1850
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1833-1834
Department of Anesthesia, Government Medical College, Jammu and kashmir, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1824-1826
Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1805-1807
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1776-1792
Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1667-1671
Department of Biostatistics and Health Informatics, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Purpose: To evaluate the role of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the differentiation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic brain lesions, on the basis of DTI parameters, fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) from the lesion (L) and the perilesional edema (PE).
Material And Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed 25 neoplastic [10 high grade gliomas (HGG), 11 metastases, 4 low grade glioma (LGG)] and 25 non-neoplastic [13 tuberculomas and 12 neurocysticercosis (NCC)] brain lesions underwent an MRI, including the DTI sequences. Fractional anisotropy from the lesion (FAL) and mean diffusivity from the lesion (MDL), as well as fractional anisotropy from the perilesional edema (FAPE), and mean diffusivity from the perilesional edema (MDPE) were calculated and quantified using region of interest (ROI) based assessment on DTI derived FA and MD parametric maps. Read More
Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1584-1589
Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.