145 results match your criteria Posterior Urethral Valve Imaging


Posterior urethral valve associated with a foreign body in posterior urethra: a first of its kind report.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 23;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Department of Urology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Posterior urethral valve and foreign body are among the important causes of male urethral obstruction. Although one is congenital and the other is acquired, both entities are rare in children with only a few reported cases. Because of myriad of symptoms associated with both conditions, a conclusive diagnosis requires both physical examination and radiological imaging. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22625
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226257DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Long-term renal outcome in infants with congenital lower urinary tract obstruction.

Prog Urol 2018 Oct 3;28(12):596-602. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Chirurgie viscérale infantile, hôpital Brabois Enfants, CHU de Nancy, rue du Morvan, 54511 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy cedex, France.

Introduction: Congenital Lower Urinary Tract Obstructions (LUTO) is a heterogeneous group of diseases in which urine elimination is obstructed at the level of bladder neck or urethra. The aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term renal outcome of patients suffering of congenital LUTO.

Patients And Method: We retrospectively reviewed patients with congenital LUTO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2018.06.005DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Posterior urethral valves: 10 years audit of epidemiologic, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects in Yaoundé gynaeco-obstetric and paediatric hospital.

BMC Urol 2018 May 21;18(1):46. Epub 2018 May 21.

Departmennt of Surgery and Subspecialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Background: The incidence of posterior urethral valve (PUV) is estimated at 1:5000-1:8000 males. It is the most common paediatric urologic urgency and the most common cause of male obstructive uropathy and chronic renal failure in children. The study aimed to describe the experience of Yaoundé gynaeco-obstetrics and paediatric hospital in the management of PUV. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0364-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963049PMC
May 2018
21 Reads

Predicting and Modifying Risk for Development of Renal Failure in Boys with Posterior Urethral Valves.

Curr Urol Rep 2018 May 17;19(7):55. Epub 2018 May 17.

Division of Urology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3rd Floor Wood Center, 3401 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review is to bring the reader up to date on the current risk factors for the development of renal deterioration in the boys with posterior urethral valves (PUV) and approaches to modify this risk.

Recent Findings: Renal bladder ultrasound (RBUS) is routinely performed in boys with PUV and recent advancements allow imaging processing that can more accurately quantify renal parenchyma and correlate this with risk for renal loss. Refinement of urine studies may improve our ability to stratify patients into renal loss categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11934-018-0801-4DOI Listing

In utero spontaneous bladder rupture in a fetus with posterior urethral valve: A case report of prenatal diagnosis and management.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Jul 19;44(7):1318-1321. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mie University Faculty Medicine, Mie, Japan.

Posterior urethral valve (PUV) rarely causes bladder rupture. We experienced hydronephrosis due to ureteral obstruction after the natural repair of a ruptured bladder in a fetus with PUV. Fetal ascites and oligohydramnios were diagnosed at 26 weeks' gestational age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13646DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads
0.931 Impact Factor

Keyhole sign in posterior urethral valve.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Sep;43(9):2517-2518

Diagnostic Imaging Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627, São Paulo, 05652-901, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1460-0DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Isolated congenital megacystis with spontaneous resolution: a case report.

Fukushima J Med Sci 2017 Aug 26;63(2):116-120. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Division of Neonatology, Tokyo Metropolitan Hachioji Children's Hospital.

The patient was a male infant with an antenatal diagnosis of huge intraabdominal mass. Prenatal ultrasound at 35 weeks gestation revealed a markedly enlarged cystic mass in the lower abdomen. After birth at 38 weeks, the infant was allowed to void spontaneously and passed meconium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5387/fms.2016-15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5597532PMC
August 2017
3 Reads

Aggressive diagnosis and treatment for posterior urethral valve as an etiology for vesicoureteral reflux or urge incontinence in children.

Investig Clin Urol 2017 06 7;58(Suppl 1):S46-S53. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Jichi Medical University Children's Medical Center Tochigi, Shimotsuke, Japan.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is one of the most common diseases in pediatric urology and classified into primary and secondary VUR. Although posterior urethral valve (PUV) is well known as a cause of the secondary VUR, it is controversial that minor urethral deformity recognized in voiding cystourethrography represents mild end of PUV spectrum and contributes to the secondary VUR. We have been studying for these ten years congenital urethral obstructive lesions with special attention to its urethrographic and endoscopic morphology as well as therapeutic response with transurethral incision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4111/icu.2017.58.S1.S46DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5468265PMC
June 2017
6 Reads

Prenatal detection of megacystis: not always an adverse prognostic factor. Experience in 25 consecutive cases in a tertiary referral center, with complete neonatal outcome and follow-up.

J Pediatr Urol 2017 Oct 14;13(5):486.e1-486.e10. Epub 2017 Apr 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy Unit, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Policlinico A. Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Megacystis is a condition of abnormal enlarged fetal bladder for gestational age, which is usually associated with urological malformations that may constitute a life-threatening condition for the baby.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic and etiological criteria of fetal megacystis and to describe the neonatal outcome in a large series collected in a single tertiary center.

Study Design: A retrospective observational study was conducted between 2008 and 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2017.04.001DOI Listing
October 2017
33 Reads

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Urinary Tract Infection-Child.

J Am Coll Radiol 2017 May;14(5S):S362-S371

Specialty Chair, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in young children and may cause pyelonephritis and renal scarring. Long-term complications from renal scarring are low. The role of imaging is to evaluate for underlying urologic abnormalities and guide treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2017.02.028DOI Listing
May 2017
35 Reads

[Acute Kidney Failure Due to Urachal Cyst?]

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2017 Apr 9;221(2):88-91. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg.

A 34-year-old para V woman was referred to our centre at 35+1 weeks of gestation for an assumed fetal malformation with prenatal renal impairment and anhydramnios. Prenatal ultrasound demonstrated unilateral renal agenesis; the bladder was not detectable. The baby was born by caesarian section at 36+2 weeks of gestation because of placental insufficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-111397DOI Listing
April 2017
12 Reads
0.460 Impact Factor

The changes of urethral morphology recognized in voiding cystourethrography after endoscopic transurethral incision for posterior urethral valve in boys with intractable daytime urinary incontinence and nocturnal enuresis.

World J Urol 2017 Oct 28;35(10):1611-1616. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Jichi Medical University, Children's Medical Center Tochigi, 3311-1, Yakushiji Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan.

Purpose: Endoscopic transurethral incision (TUI) of posterior urethral valve (PUV) can improve daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE). However, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we retrospectively examined the mobility of the urethra before and after TUI by measuring the urethral angle with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), to clarify the effects of TUI on the morphology of the urethra during voiding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-017-2018-4DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

Posterior urethral valve in fetuses: evidence for the role of inflammatory molecules.

Pediatr Nephrol 2017 Aug 22;32(8):1391-1400. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Medical Investigation, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Avenida Alfredo Balena, 190, 2° andar, sala 281, 30.130-100, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate inflammatory biomarkers in urine samples of 24 fetuses with posterior urethral valve (PUV) collected at 22 ± 4 weeks of gestation and to compare the findings with measurements in urine samples of 22 male healthy preterm neonates at 23 ± 4 weeks (control group).

Methods: Inflammatory biomarkers in urine were measured using a cytometric bead array [interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-γ, soluable tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) 1, sTNFR2, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1/chemokine ligand 2 (MCP-1/CCL2), eotaxin/CCL11 and interferon gamma-induced protein/10/C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (IP-10/CXCL10)] and ELISA assays [TNF, IL-8/CXCL8 and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β)]. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare medians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-017-3614-7DOI Listing
August 2017
11 Reads

Cystometrogram appearance in PUV is reliably quantified by the shape,wall, reflux and diverticuli (SWRD) score, and presages the need for intervention.

J Pediatr Urol 2017 Jun 12;13(3):265.e1-265.e6. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, B46NH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: Radiological bladder abnormalities in boys with posterior urethral valves (PUV) are well recognised; however, the assessment is subjective. The shape, wall, reflux and diverticuli (SWRD) score objectively assesses shape, wall, reflux and diverticuli in a simple way. This study was undertaken to demonstrate that the SWRD score is reliable, reproducible and correlates with bladder outcome and videourodynamic (VUD) assessment in boys with PUV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14775131173000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.12.005DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

Diagnostic and Surgical Approach to Prenatally Detected Urinary Tract Anomalies.

Authors:
Mile Petrovski

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2016 Nov;37(2-3):107-113

Regular ultrasound examinations carried out in the second trimester of pregnancy help in detecting many anomalies in the fetal urinary tract. Their percentage ranges from 1% to 3% of all controlled pregnancies. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies that affect the urinary tract, but the most significant are: uretero/hydronephrosis (unilateral or bilateral), kidney agenesis, dysplastic kidney, polycystic and multicystic kidneys, anomalies of ascent, anomalies of kidney rotation or fusion, bladder exstrophy, posterior urethra valve etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/prilozi-2016-0023DOI Listing
November 2016
4 Reads

Lower urinary tract obstruction in male children - a report of three cases.

Med Ultrason 2016 Sep;18(3):400-2

Department of Surgery, Ganesh Das Hospital, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.

Urinary retention in young children and infancy is relatively rare. The commonest malignancy cause of bladder outlet obstruction in infancy is prostatic rhabdomyosarcoma; the commonest cause of congenital bladder outlet obstruction in a male infantis posterior urethral valve and the commonest cause of urethral obstruction in male children is urethral calculi. We present here a report on three cases of urethral obstruction in male children. Read More

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http://www.medultrason.ro/assets/Magazines/Medultrason-2016-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu.2013.2066.183.lynDOI Listing
September 2016
4 Reads

A Case of Congenital Malignant Spinal Cord Glioma as a Cause of Congenital Ascites in a Neonate.

Case Rep Pediatr 2016 14;2016:5208753. Epub 2016 Aug 14.

Stony Brook Children's Hospital, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.

Congenital ascites is rare, but when it occurs, urinary ascites secondary to posterior urethral valve obstruction is the most common, and tumors are the least. Among the tumors in the pediatric population, the central nervous system tumors are common, but spinal cord tumors are rare. We describe a very rare case of congenital malignant spinal cord glioma presenting as isolated congenital ascites secondary to neurogenic bladder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5208753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002298PMC
September 2016
24 Reads

Fetal bladder outlet obstruction: Embryopathology, in utero intervention and outcome.

J Pediatr Urol 2016 Oct 6;12(5):296-303. Epub 2016 Aug 6.

Chelsea Children's Hospital at the Chelsea & Westminster Hospital Foundation Trust, London SW10 9NH, UK. Electronic address:

Fetal bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), most commonly caused by posterior urethral valves (PUV), remains a challenging and multi-faceted condition. Evolving techniques, and refinement in ultrasound, optics and instrumentation, have increased our rate of prenatal diagnosis, and enabled valve ablation not only in smaller newborns, but also in fetuses. Long-term outcome studies have raised our awareness of the silent damage caused by bladder dysfunction and polyuria and encouraged their proactive management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.05.047DOI Listing
October 2016
6 Reads

Effectiveness of vesicoamniotic shunt in fetuses with congenital lower urinary tract obstruction: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017 Jun;49(6):696-703

Mayo Clinic Fetal Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the effect on perinatal and postnatal survival of vesicoamniotic shunt (VAS) as treatment for fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO).

Methods: An electronic search of Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Scopus using relevant search terms was conducted from inception to June 2015 to identify studies comparing outcomes of VAS vs conservative management for treatment of LUTO. Cohort studies and clinical trials were considered eligible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.15988DOI Listing
June 2017
51 Reads

Anterior Urethral Valve: A Rare But an Important Cause of Infravesical Urinary Tract Obstruction.

Pol J Radiol 2016 2;81:209-11. Epub 2016 May 2.

Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, India.

Background: Urethral valves are infravesical congenital anomalies, with the posterior urethral valve (PUV) being the most prevalent one. Anterior urethral valve (AUV) is a rare but a well-known congenital anomaly. AUV and diverticula can cause severe obstruction, whose repercussions on the proximal urinary system can be important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/PJR.896230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4865270PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

Predicting Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease in Infants and Young Children at Diagnosis of Posterior Urethral Valves: Initial Ultrasound Kidney Characteristics and Validation of Parenchymal Area as Forecasters of Renal Reserve.

J Urol 2016 Sep 25;196(3):862-8. Epub 2016 Mar 25.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: There is paucity of validated objective early imaging markers to help predict future renal deterioration in infants with posterior urethral valves. We evaluated the prognostic value of total renal parenchymal area, renal echogenicity and corticomedullary differentiation regarding future development of chronic kidney disease.

Materials And Methods: We analyzed initial postnatal ultrasonographic images from serial posterior urethral valve cases seen at a single tertiary referral center using National Institutes of Health sponsored image processing software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2016.03.137DOI Listing
September 2016
5 Reads

Voiding urosonography with second-generation contrast as a main tool for examining the upper and lower urinary tract in children. Pilot Study.

Actas Urol Esp 2016 Apr 31;40(3):183-9. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica, Hospital General Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, España.

Introduction: In this series, we analyse the diagnostic efficacy of serial voiding urosonography (VUS) with second-generation contrast, combined harmoniously and specifically with contrast technology, in the examination of the urinary tract in children. This examination includes the diagnosis and follow-up for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and urethral disorders, mainly those of the posterior urethral valve (PUV).

Patients And Methods: After obtaining informed consent, a prospective study was conducted using urosonography with second-generation contrast (sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles, SonoVue®) from November 2014 to October 2015 (1 year) in paediatric patients with suspected VUR or PUV impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acuro.2015.11.003DOI Listing
April 2016
7 Reads

Comparison of early neonatal valve ablation with vesicostomy in patient with posterior urethral valve.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2015 Oct-Dec;12(4):270-2

Iranian Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

Background: To compare the results of final renal function by two methods of treatment in patients diagnosed as posterior urethral valve (PUV) (valve ablation vs. vesicostomy).

Materials And Methods: Fifty-four boys diagnosed with PUV participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.172571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4955479PMC
January 2017
9 Reads

The Endoscopic Morphological Features of Congenital Posterior Urethral Obstructions in Boys with Refractory Daytime Urinary Incontinence and Nocturnal Enuresis.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2016 Aug 17;26(4):368-75. Epub 2015 Sep 17.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Jichi Medical University, Children's Medical Center Tochigi, Japan.

Purpose This study aims to evaluate the endoscopic morphological features of congenital posterior urethral obstructions in boys with refractory daytime urinary incontinence and/or nocturnal enuresis. Patients and Methods A total of 54 consecutive patients underwent endoscopy and were diagnosed with a posterior urethral valve (PUV) (types 1-4). PUV type 1 was classified as severe, moderate, or mild. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0035-1563401
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1563401DOI Listing
August 2016
4 Reads

[Contribution of ultrasound signs for the prenatal diagnosis of posterior urethral valves: Experience of 3years at the maternity of the Bicêtre Hospital].

J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 2016 May 13;45(5):478-83. Epub 2015 May 13.

Hôpital Bicêtre, 78, rue du Général-Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Objectives: Posterior urethral valves (PUV) are the most common cause of renal impairment in boys during early childhood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of ultrasound (US) criteria currently used to diagnose PUV.

Materials And Methods: From 2009 to 2012, 31 patients were referred to the Bicêtre Hospital after detection of fetal bilateral hydronephrosis in male fetus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03682315150012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgyn.2015.04.012DOI Listing
May 2016
16 Reads

Fetal laser therapy: applications in the management of fetal pathologies.

Prenat Diagn 2015 Jul 5;35(7):623-36. Epub 2015 Apr 5.

Swiss Fetal Laser Group, University Hospital of Bern, University Hospital of Lausanne CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Fetoscopic coagulation of placental anastomoses is the treatment of choice for severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. In the present day, fetal laser therapy is also used to treat amniotic bands, chorioangiomas, sacrococcygeal teratomas, lower urinary tract obstructions and chest masses, all of which will be reviewed in this article. Amniotic band syndrome can cause limb amputation by impairing downstream blood flow. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/pd.4587
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.4587DOI Listing
July 2015
2 Reads

Concomitant anterior and posterior urethral valves in pediatrics: A single center experience over 12 years and long-term follow up after endoscopic treatment.

Int J Urol 2015 May 16;22(5):514-9. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

Pediatric Center of Excellence, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To report our 12-year experience with endoscopic management of patients with concomitant anterior and posterior urethral valves.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients referred to us for management of urethral valves from 2000 to 2012 to find cases with concomitant anterior and posterior valves. The diagnosis of valves was first suspected on voiding cystourethrography and confirmed by urethrocystoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.12712DOI Listing
May 2015
29 Reads
1.800 Impact Factor

Presentation, management, and outcome of posterior urethral valves in a Nigerian tertiary hospital.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2015 Jan-Mar;12(1):18-22

Department of Surgery, Urology Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

Background: Posterior urethral valves (PUV) remain the most common cause of bladder outlet obstruction and renal insufficiency in male children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presentation, management, challenges, and outcome of the disease in a Nigerian tertiary health institution.

Patients And Methods: Retrospectively, medical records of male children with a diagnosis of PUVs over a 10 year period (2003-2012) were retrieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.150937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4955488PMC
November 2016
4 Reads

The "flowerpot" sign: inference of poor renal function in high grade vesicoureteral reflux by calyceal orientation.

J Pediatr Urol 2015 Feb 2;11(1):31.e1-4. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

Children's National Medical Center, The George Washington University School of Medicine, 111 Michigan Ave NW, Washington, D.C. 20010, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction/objective: Modern radiographic advances have allowed for detailed and accurate imaging of not only urologic anatomy but also urologic function. The art of observational inference of subtle anatomic features and function from a static radiograph is being traded for new, more precise, and more expensive modalities. While the superiority of these methods cannot be denied, the total information provided in simpler tests should not be ignored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2014.07.014DOI Listing
February 2015
28 Reads

Laser ablation in the management of obstructive uropathy in neonates.

J Endourol 2015 May 5;29(5):611-4. Epub 2014 Sep 5.

1 Department of Urology, Columbia University Medical Center , New York, New York.

Introduction: Endoscopic management of posterior urethral valves and congenital ureteroceles is the current standard to relieve the obstruction. While the most commonly used techniques involve cystoscopic incision with cold knife or electrosurgery, an alternative is to ablate the obstructive tissue with laser energy. With increasing prenatal diagnoses, there has been an increasing shift in the timing of intervention toward earlier periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/end.2014.0260DOI Listing
May 2015
7 Reads

Late presentation of posterior urethral valves.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2014 May;24 Suppl 2:S155-6

Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University, Karachi.

Presence of posterior urethral valves (PUV) is the most common cause of urinary tract obstruction in the male neonate. Late presentation occurs in 10% of cases. We present a case of PUVs in an adult male who presented with history of obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms and hematuria. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/pdf/spmj/v126n2/a12v1262.pdf
Web Search
http://dx.doi.org/05.2014/JCPSP.S155S156DOI Listing
May 2014
8 Reads

Posterior Urethral Valves; A single Center Experience.

Iran J Pediatr 2013 Oct;23(5):531-5

Pediatric Nephrology Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Posterior urethral valves (PUV) are the most common cause of bladder outlet obstruction in infancy that impair renal and bladder function. This study was planned to evaluate and record the various clinical presentations and management, complications, and surgical management and long-term outcome of PUV.

Methods: In a retrospective study, 98 patients who have been treated for PUV are evaluated in Mofid Children's Hospital from January 2007 to December 2012. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4006501PMC
October 2013
3 Reads

Posterior urethral polyp with type I posterior urethral valves: a rare association in a neonate.

Urology 2014 Jun 21;83(6):1401-3. Epub 2014 Apr 21.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College (LTMMC) and Govt. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Urethral polyp is a rare cause of bladder outlet obstruction, voiding dysfunction, and hematuria in the pediatric age group. Urethral polyps are rarely associated with other congenital urinary tract anomalies. In this study, we report a case of solitary posterior urethral polyp with type I posterior urethral valve in a 7-day-old neonate presented with urinary retention and deranged renal function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2014.02.017DOI Listing
June 2014
17 Reads

Mitrofanoff for valve bladder syndrome: effect on urinary tract and renal function.

J Urol 2014 May 26;191(5 Suppl):1517-22. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Birmingham Children's Hospital, National Health Service Foundation Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Despite early diagnosis and valve ablation, progressive renal impairment develops in a significant proportion of boys born with posterior urethral valves. Bladder dysfunction is thought to have an important role in the etiology of this renal deterioration. We report the outcome of treating bladder dysfunction with clean intermittent catheterization and overnight drainage via a Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy with respect to upper tract imaging, urodynamic findings and renal function. Read More

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http://www.jurology.com/doi/10.1016/j.juro.2013.09.008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2013.09.008DOI Listing
May 2014
7 Reads

Contribution of the foetal uro-MRI in the prenatal diagnosis of uronephropathies.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2014 Jun 15;95(6):573-8. Epub 2014 Mar 15.

Service d'imagerie pédiatrique et prénatale, hôpital de la Timone, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille cedex 5, France.

Purpose: To study the complementary diagnostic value and role in the perinatal management of foetal MRI in the prenatal diagnosis of abnormalities of the urinary tract.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective monocentric study from November 2002 to June 2011 of foetuses benefiting from an MRI after ultrasound diagnosis of uronephropathy abnormalities. Ultrasound and MRI data were compared with postnatal radiological and/or surgical data or with the foetopathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2014.02.011DOI Listing
June 2014
2 Reads

Urinary tract tuberculosis in a child with late presentation posterior urethral valves.

Can J Urol 2014 Feb;21(1):7154-6

Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

A case is reported of urinary tract tuberculosis in a 7-year-old boy with a history of late presentation posterior urethral valves. Persistent hydroureteronephrosis after valve ablation at the age of 5 years and a draining urinary fistula from the site where a suprapubic catheter had been inserted prior to valve surgery alerted to the possibility of urinary tract tuberculosis. Read More

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February 2014
8 Reads

Large spectrum of complete urinary collecting system duplication exemplified by cases. Pictorial essay.

Med Ultrason 2013 Dec;15(4):315-20

Emergency Children Clinic Hospital, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; E-mail:

Urinary collecting system duplication is a congenital anomaly and can associate various types of urinary tract pathologies. Authors will illustrate by cases some of associated anomalies such as ureterocele, extravesical ectopic ureter, vesicoureteral reflux or reflux nephropathy; one case presented an association between posterior urethral valve and bilateral collecting system duplication. Read More

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December 2013
11 Reads

Lenz micropthalmia syndrome with associated orbital cysts.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2014 Jul-Aug;30(4):e82-4

Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

An 8-year-old boy presented for oculoplastic evaluation of bilateral microphthalmia. He had multiple other congenital anomalies, including microcephaly, wide-spaced teeth, sloping shoulders, protruding ears, syndactyly, a posterior urethral valve, cystic dysplasia of the kidneys, and a bicuspid aortic valve. Taken together, these findings supported the diagnosis of Lenz microphthalmia syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0b013e31829f3b29DOI Listing
August 2015
2 Reads

Microtomographic analysis of lower urinary tract obstruction.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2013 Nov-Dec;16(6):405-14. Epub 2013 Aug 26.

1  Department of Laboratories, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.

Prenatal obstruction of the lower urinary tract may result in megacystis, with subsequent development of hydroureter, hydronephrosis, and renal damage. Oligo- or anhydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, and prune belly syndrome are lethal consequences. Causes and mechanisms responsible for obstruction remain unclear but might be clarified by anatomic study at autopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2350/13-08-1359-OA.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3965709PMC
February 2014
25 Reads

Incidence and outcomes of antenatally detected congenital hydronephrosis.

Ann Saudi Med 2013 May-Jun;33(3):260-4

Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background And Objectives: Antenatally detected urinary tract abnormalities (ADUTA) are increasingly recognized. Our aims were to determine the incidence and outcomes of antenatally diagnosed congenital hydronephrosis in a large cohort.

Design And Settings: We recorded the number of total deliveries over 4 years at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) between January 2008 and December 2011 from the number of nursery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5144/0256-4947.2013.260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078536PMC
February 2014
4 Reads

Use of holmium:YAG laser in posterior urethral valves: another method of fulguration.

J Pediatr Urol 2013 Dec 6;9(6 Pt B):1093-7. Epub 2013 May 6.

Department of Urology, King George's Medical University, (Formerly, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University), Lucknow, India.

Objective: To evaluate the use of holmium:YAG laser for posterior urethral valve (PUV) fulguration and compare with electro-fulguration.

Methods: Forty boys underwent primary fulguration of PUV using 20-25 W holmium laser (Group 1) from January 2009 to December 2011. Data of last 40 boys (retrospective cohort: January 2005 to December 2008) who underwent electro-fulguration (Group 2) for PUV were compared with group 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2013.03.015DOI Listing
December 2013
21 Reads

Posterior urethral valves: determinants of outcome in a developing country.

J Paediatr Child Health 2013 Feb 18;49(2):115-9. Epub 2013 Jan 18.

Nephrology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate posterior urethral valve (PUV) in a developing country with focus on the profile of the disease, determinants of outcome and the challenges of management.

Methods: Analysis of data collected prospectively from 31 patients managed for PUV at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu from January 2008 to December 2009.

Results: The median age at presentation was 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12091DOI Listing
February 2013
2 Reads
2 Citations
1.193 Impact Factor

Monosymptomatic and non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis: a clinical evaluation.

Arch Iran Med 2012 Nov;15(11):702-6

Pediatric Nephrology Department, Dr. Sheikh Children's Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Nocturnal enuresis is divided into monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE). This study reviews clinical and ultrasonography (US) findings in enuretic children, and compares the organic and functional pathologies of the lower urinary tract (LUT) in children with MNE to those who have NMNE.

Methods: We enrolled 111 neurologically normal children with chief complaints of enuresis in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/0121511/AIM.0011DOI Listing
November 2012
46 Reads

Management of obstructive uropathy with cutaneous ureterostomy in posterior urethral valve.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2012 Mar;23(2):355-7

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March 2012
2 Reads

Bladder stone in a three-year-old Nigerian child with posterior urethral valve: a case report.

West Afr J Med 2011 May-Jun;30(3):214-6

Department of Paediatrics, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.

Background: Stone in the bladder is an uncommon presentation in the tropics, especially in children. Its rarity makes the index of suspicion to be low. Patients presenting with it may be mistaken for urinary tract infection (UTI) because of the presence of frequency and dysuria. Read More

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May 2012
1 Read

Syringocoele of the bulbourethral duct with additional lower genito-urinary anomalies.

Pediatr Radiol 2011 Sep 24;41(9):1201-4. Epub 2011 May 24.

Level 5 Radiology Department, Auckland Hospital, Private Bag 92 024, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.

The ultrasonographic (US) appearance of a syringocoele of the bulbourethral (Cowper) duct, with correlative urethrocystoscopic images, is demonstrated. An infant boy, 5 weeks of age, who presented with E. coli infection of the urinary tract also had bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, small bilateral simple ureterocoeles, and posterior urethral valve leaflets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-011-2060-0DOI Listing
September 2011
1 Read

Pictorial essay: Congenital anomalies of male urethra in children.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2011 Jan;21(1):38-45

Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Congenital anomalies of the male urogenital tract are common. Some lesions like posterior urethral valve or anterior urethral diverticulum tend to present early in infancy and are often easily diagnosed on conventional contrast voiding cystourethrograms. Other conditions like posterior urethral diverticulum or utricle can be relatively asymptomatic and therefore present late in childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-3026.76053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3056369PMC
January 2011
5 Reads

Pyospermia in an adult cohort with persistent lower urinary tract symptoms and a history of ablated posterior urethral valve.

J Pediatr Urol 2010 Dec 8;6(6):614-8. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Department of Urology, Hamot Medical Center, Erie, PA, USA.

Purpose: To assess for the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms and abnormal semen parameters in adults with a history of PUV.

Materials And Methods: The study involved 29 male patients, aged 17-51 (mean 21.5 years), with a history of PUV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2010.09.003DOI Listing
December 2010
2 Reads

Is there a need to do routine sonological, urodynamic study and cystourethroscopic evaluation of patients with simple hypospadias?

Pediatr Surg Int 2010 Oct;26(10):971-6

Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: To study the patients with hypospadias for urinary tract anomalies, bladder functions and the anatomical changes in the urethra, bladder and ureters.

Patients And Methods: 65 cases of untreated hypospadias (14 anterior, 46 mid penile, 5 posterior penile) presenting between 1 and 14 years age were evaluated with ultrasonography, urodynamic study, uroflowmetry and intraoperative cystourethroscopy.

Results: Ultrasound showed abnormalities in 12/65 (18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-010-2652-zDOI Listing
October 2010
3 Reads