115 results match your criteria Post Head Injury Autonomic Complications


Intraoperative neuromonitoring versus visual nerve identification for prevention of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in adults undergoing thyroid surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Jan 19;1:CD012483. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of General Surgery, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy, 05100.

Background: Injuries to the recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (RILN) remain one of the major post-operative complications after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Damage to this nerve can result in a temporary or permanent palsy, which is associated with vocal cord paresis or paralysis. Visual identification of the RILN is a common procedure to prevent nerve injury during thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012483.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353246PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 12 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1673692
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673692DOI Listing
December 2018
30 Reads

Impact of Motor-Evoked Potential Monitoring on Facial Nerve Outcomes after Vestibular Schwannoma Resection.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Jan 20;128(1):56-61. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

3 Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Objectives:: Assess the utility of intraoperative transcranial facial motor-evoked potential (FMEP) monitoring in predicting and improving facial function after vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection.

Study Design:: Retrospective chart review.

Methods:: Data were obtained from 82 consecutive VS resections meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418803969DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

[The efficacy of ansa cervicalis anterior root for unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;53(9):655-660

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

To discuss the long-term efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation using the anterior root of the ansa cervicalis in the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by thyroid surgery. From January 2010 to January 2016, a total of 39 UVFP patients who underwent ansa cervicalis anterior root-to-recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) anastomosis and who had suffered nerve disfunction for 6 to 24 months were enrolled as UVFP group.Another 39 age and gender matched normal subjects served as control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

An Experimental Study on the Optimal Timing for the Repair of Incomplete Facial Paralysis by Hypoglossal-facial 'Side'-to-side Neurorrhaphy in Rats.

Biomed Environ Sci 2018 Jun;31(6):413-424

Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

Objective: To investigate the optimal timing for the repair of persistent incomplete facial paralysis by hypoglossal-facial 'side'-to-side neurorrhaphy in rats.

Methods: A total of 30 adult rats with crushed and bulldog-clamped facial nerve injury were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 6 each) that were subjected to injury without nerve repair or with immediate repair, 2-week-delayed repair, 4-week-delayed repair, or 8-week-delayed repair. Three months later, the effects of repair in each rat were evaluated by facial symmetry assessment, electrophysiological examination, retrograde labeling, and axon regeneration measurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3967/bes2018.055DOI Listing
June 2018
20 Reads
1.650 Impact Factor

The incidence of vocal fold motion impairment after primary thyroid and parathyroid surgery for a single high-volume academic surgeon determined by pre- and immediate post-operative fiberoptic laryngoscopy.

Int J Surg 2018 Aug 14;56:73-78. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) is a well-recognized complication of thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Preoperative counseling requires a thorough understanding of the incidence, risk factors, and value of early diagnosis of postoperative VFMI. Our objective is to describe the incidence of and risk factors for VFMI for a single high-volume academic surgeon, and to assess the utility of immediate postoperative fiberoptic laryngoscopy (FOL) in early diagnosis of VFMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.06.014DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation for management of aspiration in a subset of children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jan 6;104:104-107. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, 1 Wood ENT, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Pediatric aspiration is a multifactorial process that is often complex to manage. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury can cause glottic insufficiency and aspiration. We describe three cases of unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in aspiration and the successful use of the RLN reinnervation for its treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.11.002DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Severity of traumatic brain injury correlates with long-term cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction.

J Neurol 2017 Sep 2;264(9):1956-1967. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Department of Neurology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany.

After traumatic brain injury (TBI), central autonomic dysfunction might contribute to long-term increased mortality rates. Central autonomic dysfunction might depend on initial trauma severity. This study was performed to evaluate differences in autonomic modulation at rest and upon standing between patients with a history of mild TBI (post-mild-TBI patients), moderate or severe TBI (post-moderate-severe-TBI patients), and healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-017-8581-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5587629PMC
September 2017
18 Reads

Linear analysis of heart rate variability in post-concussive syndrome.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2016 Aug-Sept;43(5):531-547

The Emmes Corporation, Rockville, Maryland U.S.

Heart rate variability (HRV) represents measurable output of coordinated structural and functional systems within the body and brain. Both mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and HRV are modulated by changes in autonomic nervous system function. We present baseline HRV results from an ongoing mTBI clinical trial. Read More

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November 2017
46 Reads

Hyperbaric oxygen for mild traumatic brain injury: Design and baseline summary.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2016 Aug-Sept;43(5):491-509

The Emmes Corporation, Rockville, Maryland U.S.

The Brain Injury and Mechanisms of Action of Hyperbaric Oxygen for Persistent Post-Concussive Symptoms after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) (BIMA) study, sponsored by the Department of Defense, is a randomized double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial that has a longer duration of follow-up and more comprehensive assessment battery compared to recent HBO₂ studies. BIMA randomized 71 participants from September 2012 to May 2014. Primary results are expected in 2017. Read More

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November 2017
33 Reads

Lightheadedness After Concussion: Not All Dizziness is Vertigo.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 05;28(3):272-277

Division of Sports Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Objective: To characterize the presence and degree of postconcussion lightheadedness in relation to postconcussion vertigo and dizziness, and to determine whether lightheadedness influences overall symptom duration.

Design: Prospective, cohort design.

Setting: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Sports Concussion Clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000445DOI Listing
May 2018
13 Reads
1 Citation
2.012 Impact Factor

[High blood pressure during the autonomic crises in children in intensive care unit: Etiologic circumstances and modality therapeutic].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2017 Jun 3;66(3):176-180. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

Faculté de médecine Oran, Oran, Algérie.

The dysautonomic (DC) or neurovegetative crisis remains an imperfectly known entity; it associates in a paroxysmal manner a reaction of sympathetic hyperreactivity that can lead to the prognosis. Our objective is to specify the etiological circumstances (DC) and their modality of treatment in pediatric intensive care unit.

Materials-methods: Descriptive study on files of children admitted in the intensive care unit of 2010-2015 who presented a DC acquired during their hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancard.2017.06.001DOI Listing
June 2017
6 Reads

Bidirectional brain-gut interactions and chronic pathological changes after traumatic brain injury in mice.

Brain Behav Immun 2017 Nov 1;66:56-69. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Department of Anesthesiology and Shock, Trauma and Anesthesiology Research (STAR) Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has complex effects on the gastrointestinal tract that are associated with TBI-related morbidity and mortality. We examined changes in mucosal barrier properties and enteric glial cell response in the gut after experimental TBI in mice, as well as effects of the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium (Cr) on both gut and brain after injury.

Methods: Moderate-level TBI was induced in C57BL/6mice by controlled cortical impact (CCI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2017.06.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5909811PMC
November 2017
24 Reads

Early Asymmetric Cardio-Cerebral Causality and Outcome after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Neurotrauma 2017 10 17;34(19):2743-2752. Epub 2017 May 17.

3 Department of Anesthesia, University of Cambridge , Cambridge, United Kingdom .

The brain and heart are two vital systems in health and disease, increasingly recognized as a complex, interdependent network with constant information flow in both directions. After severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), the causal, directed interactions between the brain, heart, and autonomic nervous system have not been well established. Novel methods are needed to probe unmeasured, potentially prognostic information in complex biological networks that are not revealed by traditional means. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2016.4787DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

The evaluation of the complications observed in patients with bilateral total and bilateral near total thyroidectomy.

Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:198-201

Aim: The objective was to compare the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) injuries in patients with bilateral total thyroidectomy (BTT) and bilateral near total thyroidectomy (BNTT) with the frequency of the hypocalcemic complications regarding the operation procedures.

Materials And Methods: Patients, who underwent BTT and BNTT in our clinic between January 1999 and January 2011, were included in this retrospective clinical study. Patients' files are evaluated. Read More

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June 2018
21 Reads

Which Matters More? A Retrospective Cohort Study of Headache Characteristics and Diagnosis Type in Soldiers with mTBI/Concussion.

Headache 2017 May 27;57(5):719-728. Epub 2017 Feb 27.

Womack Army Medical Center (WAMC), Ft. Bragg, NC, USA.

Objective: To describe the diagnostic types and characteristics of headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Background: Persistent post-traumatic headache interferes with returns to activity or duty. The most commonly cited headache diagnosis after concussion is migraine. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/head.13056
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13056DOI Listing
May 2017
15 Reads

Importance of latency and amplitude values of recurrent laryngeal nerve during thyroidectomy in diabetic patients.

Int J Surg 2016 Nov 5;35:172-178. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Training & Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Diabetes mellitus may cause degeneration in the myelin and/or axonal structures of peripheral nerves. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of diabetic neuropathy on intraoperative neuromonitoring findings such as latency and amplitude values of the recurrent laryngeal nerves during thyroidectomy. To our knowledge this is the first study to report comparison of the electrophysiologic features of diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.10.001DOI Listing
November 2016
11 Reads

Psychological and Physiological Markers of Stress in Concussed Athletes Across Recovery Milestones.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2017 May/Jun;32(3):E38-E48

Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Drs Hutchison, Mainwaring, Thomas, Richards, and Ms Senthinathan); and Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science of St. Michael's Hospital, Ontario, Canada (Drs Hutchison and Churchill).

Background: Sport-related concussions are associated with a range of physical, cognitive, and behavioral disturbances that are highly variable across individuals. Much remains unknown about the effects of sport concussion, and changes in markers of psychological and physiological stress over the recovery timeline.

Objective: To examine psychological (mood, stress, sleep quality, and symptoms) and physiological (heart rate variability and salivary cortisol) measures in concussed athletes over clinical recovery milestones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0000000000000252DOI Listing
March 2018
15 Reads

Role of Facial Nerve Motor-Evoked Potential Ratio in Predicting Facial Nerve Function in Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery Both Immediate and at 1 Year.

Otol Neurotol 2016 09;37(8):1162-7

*Division of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery†Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To determine whether transcranial electrical stimulation-induced facial motor-evoked potential (FMEP) monitoring of the facial nerve (FN) during vestibular schwannoma (VS) tumor resection can predict both immediate and 1 year postoperative FN functional outcome.

Design: Prospective consecutive non-comparative observational case series.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001137DOI Listing
September 2016
14 Reads

Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures in the post-anesthesia recovery unit.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2016 Jul-Aug;66(4):426-9. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, United States.

Introduction: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES or "pseudoseizures") remain an obscure topic in the peri-operative setting. They are sudden and time-limited motor and cognitive disturbances, which mimic epileptic seizures, but are psychogenically mediated. Pseudoseizures occur more frequently than epilepsy in the peri-operative setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjane.2013.10.005DOI Listing
July 2017
43 Reads

Brain injury induces specific changes in the caecal microbiota of mice via altered autonomic activity and mucoprotein production.

Brain Behav Immun 2016 Oct 6;57:10-20. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Laboratory of Neuroimmunology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:

Intestinal microbiota are critical for health with changes associated with diverse human diseases. Research suggests that altered intestinal microbiota can profoundly affect brain function. However, whether altering brain function directly affects the microbiota is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2016.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5021180PMC
October 2016
2 Reads

Brief electrical stimulation after facial nerve transection and neurorrhaphy: a randomized prospective animal study.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2016 Feb 1;45. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Background: Recent studies have examined the effects of brief electrical stimulation (BES) on nerve regeneration, with some suggesting that BES accelerates facial nerve recovery. However, the facial nerve outcome measurement in these studies has not been precise or accurate. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of BES on accelerating facial nerve functional recovery from a transection injury in the rat model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40463-016-0118-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4736486PMC
February 2016
27 Reads

Facial nerve management in jugular paraganglioma surgery: a literature review.

J Laryngol Otol 2016 Mar 16;130(3):219-24. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Division of Otolaryngology,Department of Special Surgery,Faculty of Medicine,Jordan University of Science and Technology,Irbid,Jordan.

Objective: This literature review analysed facial nerve management strategies in jugular paraganglioma surgery and discusses the tumour resection rate and the facial nerve outcome associated with each technique.

Methods: A retrospective review of PubMed and Medline articles on the surgical treatments for jugular paraganglioma was performed. Tumour resection rates and post-operative facial nerve function after non-rerouting, short anterior rerouting and long anterior rerouting approaches were evaluated for each article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215115003394DOI Listing
March 2016
2 Reads

International survey on the identification and neural monitoring of the EBSLN during thyroidectomy.

Laryngoscope 2016 Jan 9;126(1):285-91. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives/hypothesis: Surgical management of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) during thyroidectomy is complex. We hypothesized that there exist variations in surgical behaviors patterns in the management of the EBSLN during thyroidectomy.

Study Design: A prospective Web-based anonymous survey (www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.25548DOI Listing
January 2016
20 Reads

The Physiologic Impact of Unilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN) Lesion on Infant Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Performance.

Dysphagia 2015 Dec 19;30(6):714-22. Epub 2015 Aug 19.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Northeast Ohio Medical University, 4209 State Route 44, PO Box 95, Rootstown, OH, 44272, USA.

Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury in neonates, a complication of patent ductus arteriosus corrective surgery, leads to aspiration and swallowing complications. Severity of symptoms and prognosis for recovery are variable. We transected the RLN unilaterally in an infant mammalian animal model to characterize the degree and variability of dysphagia in a controlled experimental setting. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00455-015-9648-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-015-9648-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4639401PMC
December 2015
15 Reads

Persisting Effects of Concussion on Heart Rate Variability during Physical Exertion.

J Neurotrauma 2016 05 8;33(9):811-7. Epub 2015 Oct 8.

1 Department of Kinesiology, Université de Montréal , Montreal, Quebec, Canada .

The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic modulation in university athletes during the post-acute to late phase (mean, 95 days ±63) of injury at rest and during physical exertion. We also sought to evaluate the effect of time since injury and number of injuries on heart rate variability (HRV). We hypothesized that physical exertion would reveal persisting modifications in HRV following a concussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2015.3989DOI Listing
May 2016
10 Reads

Value of intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in total thyroidectomy for benign goitre.

J Laryngol Otol 2015 Jun;129(6):553-7

ENT and Head & Neck Department,Amiens University Hospital,France.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve during total thyroidectomy for benign goitre.

Methods: A single-centre retrospective study using historical controls was conducted for a 10-year period, comprising a series of 767 patients treated by total thyroidectomy for benign goitre. Of these, 306 had intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and 461 did not. Read More

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http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022215115001152
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215115001152DOI Listing
June 2015
5 Reads

Reconstruction of facial nerve after radical parotidectomy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2015 10;135(10):1065-9. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Division of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Conclusion: Most patients benefitted from immediate facial nerve grafting after radical parotidectomy. Even weak movement is valuable and can be augmented with secondary static operations. Post-operative radiotherapy does not seem to affect the final outcome of facial function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016489.2015.1050604DOI Listing
May 2016
21 Reads

Orthostatic Intolerance and Autonomic Dysfunction in Youth With Persistent Postconcussion Symptoms: A Head-Upright Tilt Table Study.

Clin J Sport Med 2016 Jan;26(1):40-5

*Division of Pediatric Neurology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; †Department of Neurology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; ‡Division of Sports Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; §Department of Orthopedics, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; and ‖Departments of Pediatrics and Orthopedics, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama.

Objective: To explore head-upright tilt table (HUT) signs of autonomic dysfunction in a cohort of youth with persistent postconcussion symptoms (PCSs) that include light-headedness and to correlate repeat tilt table results with symptom improvements for those patients found to have postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) on initial testing.

Design: Prospective cohort design.

Setting: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Neurology Clinic. Read More

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http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000183DOI Listing
January 2016
21 Reads
9 Citations
2.012 Impact Factor

[Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures in the post-anesthesia recovery unit].

Rev Bras Anestesiol 2016 Jul-Aug;66(4):426-9. Epub 2014 Nov 29.

Departamento de Anestesiologia, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, Estados Unidos.

Introduction: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES or "pseudoseizures") remain an obscure topic in the peri-operative setting. They are sudden and time-limited motor and cognitive disturbances, which mimic epileptic seizures, but are psychogenically mediated. Pseudoseizures occur more frequently than epilepsy in the peri-operative setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjan.2013.10.003DOI Listing
June 2016
7 Reads

Post-Traumatic brain injury (TBI) presenting with Guillain-Barré syndrome and elevated anti-ganglioside antibodies: a case report and review of the literature.

Int J Neurosci 2015 22;125(7):486-92. Epub 2014 Oct 22.

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is a demyelinating polyneuropathy resulting in sensory, motor and autonomic symptoms. The severity of the disease can range from mild to severe but it is classically described as an ascending demyelinating process. Initially thought to be the sequelae of a bacterial or viral infection, the clinical symptoms of post-infective GBS can present up to 4 weeks after sentinel injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00207454.2014.957760DOI Listing
April 2016
25 Reads

Ultrasound guided greater occipital nerve blocks for post-traumatic occipital neuralgia.

W V Med J 2014 Mar-Apr;110(2):12-3

Chronic headaches can be debilitating for many patients. They often have a nebulous etiology, unpredictable course, and can be difficult to manage. We describe a post-traumatic headache that began after a motor vehicle collision. Read More

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July 2014
15 Reads

Double probe intraoperative neuromonitoring with a standardized method in thyroid surgery.

Int J Surg 2014 23;12 Suppl 1:S140-4. Epub 2014 May 23.

5th Division of General Surgery and Surgical Special Techniques, Seconda Università di Napoli, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the vagus nerve (VN) with a standardized approach in thyroid surgery.

Methods: Retrospective study with an experimental group with which IONM was used, both with the RLN that the VN, and a control one, each consisting of 300 total thyroidectomies. Each patient underwent a pre-and post-operative videolaryngoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.05.026DOI Listing
July 2015
14 Reads

Effect of topical dexamethasone in reducing dysfunction after facial nerve crush injury in the rat.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2014 Jun 30;78(6):960-3. Epub 2014 Mar 30.

Department of Biomedical Enginnering, and Center for Marine-Integrated Biomedical Technology (BK21 Plus), Pukyong National University, Pusan, South Korea.

Objective: To date, the effect of topical steroid after a crush injury to rat facial nerve has rarely been reported on. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of topical dexamethasone on recovery after a crush injury to the rat facial nerve, by functional, electrophysiological, and morphological evaluation.

Materials And Methods: We investigated the effects of topical dexamethasone on recovery after a crush injury to rat facial nerve by functional, electrophysiological and morphological evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.03.025DOI Listing
June 2014
4 Reads

The role of vagus nerve overactivity in the increased incidence of pneumonia following traumatic brain injury.

Br J Neurosurg 2014 Apr 12;28(2):181-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital , Southampton , UK.

Nosocomial infections, pneumonia in particular, are well-known complications of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which are associated with a worse neurological outcome. This review aims to explore the role of vagus nerve activity in immunomodulation as a causative factor. A MEDLINE search revealed numerous reports published over the last decade describing the "cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway" between the vagus nucleus and leukocyte activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02688697.2013.835373DOI Listing
April 2014
8 Reads

Heart rate variability biofeedback, executive functioning and chronic brain injury.

Brain Inj 2013 ;27(2):209-22

Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, USA.

Primary Objective: To determine if individuals with brain injury can modify heart rate variability (HRV) through biofeedback and, if so, enhance its pattern to improve emotional regulation and problem-solving ability.

Design: A quasi-experimental design with repeated measures was employed. Thirteen individuals aged 23-63 years with severe brain injury (13-40 years post-onset) participating in a community-based programme were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2012.729292DOI Listing
August 2013
5 Reads
1.861 Impact Factor

Ciliary ganglion afferents and efferents variations: a possible explanation of postganglionic mydriasis.

Surg Radiol Anat 2012 Dec 18;34(10):897-902. Epub 2012 Oct 18.

Laboratoire d'Anatomie de la Faculté de Médecine de Nantes, 1, rue Gaston Veil, 44035, Nantes Cedex 01, France.

Purpose: Ciliary ganglion is a pre-visceral vegetative ganglion, relay of ocular bulb vegetative pathways, concerning three types of fibers: parasympathetic, sympathetic and somatosensory. The objective of this study was to describe the different patterns of distribution of those fibers around the ciliary ganglion to explain rare post-traumatic or postoperative ocular symptoms.

Methods: Dissection of 20 orbits, from cavernous sinus to ocular bulb, after intravascular injection of colored latex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-012-1000-5DOI Listing
December 2012
5 Reads

Temperature and heart rate responses to exercise following mild traumatic brain injury.

J Neurotrauma 2013 Feb 4;30(4):281-91. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-7039, USA.

We have previously reported that mild fluid percussion injury (FPI) is associated with a heightening of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response during the first post-injury weeks. This is the same time period when rehabilitative exercise has been strongly suggested to be ineffective. Here, we explored whether cardiac and temperature autonomic function may also be compromised during this early post-injury period. Read More

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http://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2012.2616
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2012.2616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3579384PMC
February 2013
7 Reads

The pathophysiology of brain swelling associated with subdural hemorrhage: the role of the trigeminovascular system.

Childs Nerv Syst 2012 Dec 11;28(12):2005-15. Epub 2012 Aug 11.

Neuropathology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: This paper reviews the evidence in support of the hypothesis that the trigeminal system mediates brain swelling associated with subdural bleeding. The trigeminovascular system has been extensively studied in migraine; it may play an important but under-recognized role in the response to head trauma. Nerve fibers originating in trigeminal ganglion cells are the primary sensors of head trauma and, through their collateral innervation of the intracranial and dural blood vessels, are capable of inciting a cascade of vascular responses and brain swelling. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-012-1870-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-012-1870-1DOI Listing
December 2012
13 Reads

Decreasing incidence of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity syndrome in the vegetative state.

J Rehabil Med 2012 May;44(6):502-4

S. Anna Institute and RAN - Research in Advanced Neurorehabilitation, Crotone, Italy.

Objective: To update knowledge of the incidence of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH, also referred to as dysautonomia), an emergency condition tentatively attributed to sympathetic paroxysms or diencephalic-hypothalamic disarrangement associated with severe diffuse brain axonal damage or hypoxia. This condition is reportedly common in the vegetative state, threatens survival and affects outcome.

Methods: The results of a retrospective study on 333 subjects in a vegetative state admitted to a dedicated unit in 1998-2005 are compared with a survey on patients admitted to the same unit in 2006-2010. Read More

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http://www.medicaljournals.se/jrm/content/?doi=10.2340/16501
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0981DOI Listing
May 2012
10 Reads

Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity after traumatic brain injury: clinical and prognostic implications.

J Neurotrauma 2012 May 22;29(7):1364-70. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

ICU Service, University Hospital "Carlos Haya," Malaga, Spain.

A proportion of patients surviving severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have symptoms suggestive of excessive sympathetic discharge, here termed paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH). The goals of this study were: (1) to describe the clinical associations and radiological findings of PSH, its incidence, and features in subjects with severe TBI in the intensive care unit (ICU); (2) to investigate the potential role of increased intracranial pressure in the pathogenesis of PSH; and (3) to determine the prognostic influence of PSH during the ICU stay, on discharge from the ICU, and at 12 months post-injury. A prospective cohort study was undertaken of all ICU admissions with severe TBI older than 14 years over an 18-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2011.2033DOI Listing
May 2012
9 Reads

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury: still an enigma.

Authors:
Brent E Masel

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011 Sep;92(9):1519-21

Transitional Learning Center at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, USA.

With their article on the use of HBOT for post TBI dysautonomia, Lv and colleagues discuss a novel use for this form of treatment. Although HBOT has been a part of our TBI treatment armamentarium for many years, its use remains a very controversial issue. In this commentary, the science and research studies behind HBOT for TBI are reviewed, hopefully leaving the reader with an adequate knowledge base to answer a patient or family's inquiries as to the usefulness of HBOT for TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.06.011DOI Listing
September 2011
2 Reads

Frequency analysis unveils cardiac autonomic dysfunction after mild traumatic brain injury.

J Neurotrauma 2011 Sep 21;28(9):1727-38. Epub 2011 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Long-term mortality is increased after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Central cardiovascular-autonomic dysregulation resulting from subtle, trauma-induced brain lesions might contribute to cardiovascular events and fatalities. We investigated whether there is cardiovascular-autonomic dysregulation after mTBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2010.1497DOI Listing
September 2011
12 Reads

Postparotidectomy facial nerve paralysis: peripheral versus proximal identification.

B-ENT 2010 ;6(2):117-21

Department of Otolaryngology, West Wales General Hospital, Carmarthen, Wales, UK.

Objectives: Facial nerve palsy is a distressing complication of parotid surgery. We determined to analyse parotid surgery outcomes in a district general hospital in order to identify our own risk factors leading to increased incidence of facial nerve palsy. Primarily, we aimed to determine the efficacy of peripheral versus proximal facial nerve identification in preventing facial nerve damage. Read More

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September 2010
22 Reads

Post-traumatic peripheral facial nerve palsy: surgical and neuroradiological consideration in five cases of delayed onset.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2010 Oct 27;152(10):1705-9. Epub 2010 Jul 27.

Department of Neurological Sciences, Second University of Naples, CTO Hospital, Italy.

The facial nerve is frequently injured after head trauma with or without temporal bone fractures. Computed tomography (CT) is the best procedure for detecting the fracture line at the level of the facial nerve canal and for assessing any associated lesions within the temporal bone. Magnetic resonance (MR) is required if there is a facial nerve paralysis, unexplained by CT findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-010-0747-xDOI Listing
October 2010
3 Reads

Intraoperative electromyography and surgical observations as predictive factors of facial nerve outcome in vestibular schwannoma surgery.

Otol Neurotol 2010 Feb;31(2):306-12

AP-HP, Hôpital Beaujon, Otolaryngology Department, Clichy, France.

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of electromyographic recordings for the immediate facial nerve outcome after solitary vestibular schwannoma (VS) removal.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181be6228DOI Listing
February 2010
13 Reads

Facial reanimation with end-to-end hypoglossofacial anastomosis: 20 years' experience.

J Laryngol Otol 2010 Jan 29;124(1):23-5. Epub 2009 Sep 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate retrospectively the results of experience with end-to-end anastomosis of cranial nerves VII and XII, performed due to transection of the facial nerve during acoustic neuroma removal.

Methods: We assessed the facial reanimation results of 33 patients whose facial nerves had been transected during acoustic neuroma excision via a retrosigmoid approach, between 1985 and 2006, and who underwent end-to-end hypoglossofacial anastomosis. We compared the facial nerve functions of patients receiving short term (two to three years) and long term (more than three years) follow up, and we assessed any complications of the anastomosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215109991344DOI Listing
January 2010
2 Reads

[Dysfunction of multiple cranial nerves in cephalic tetanus--case report].

Brain Nerve 2009 Aug;61(8):983-7

Department of Neurosurgery, Nakano General Hospital.

A 77-year-old man non-immunized to tetanus suffered head trauma on the right side when he tumbled from a height of approximately 2m. Five days later, he experienced difficulty in opening his mouth and developed right ptosis. He was referred to our hospital 2 days post-ictus. Read More

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August 2009
6 Reads

[Electrical stimulation of the facial nerve with a prognostic function in parotid surgery].

Rev Neurol 2009 Aug 1-15;49(3):119-22

Servicio de Neurofisiología Clínica, Sección de Neuromuscular, Instituto de Neurociencias, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Continuous electromyography during parotidectomies and direct stimulation of the facial nerve as an intraoperative identification technique significantly lower the rate of post-operative morbidity.

Aim: To determine the usefulness of intra-operative neurophysiological parameters registered by means of electrical stimulation of the facial nerve as values capable of predicting the type of lesion and the functional prognosis.

Patients And Methods: Our sample consisted of a correlative series of 20 cases of monitored parotidectomies. Read More

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November 2009
2 Reads

Post-traumatic external nasal pain syndrome (a trigeminal based pain disorder).

Authors:
Todd Rozen

Headache 2009 Sep 8;49(8):1223-8. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

The Michigan Head Pain & Neurological Institute-Neurology, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA.

Little has been written about persistent external nasal pain after injury to the nose in the neurologic or headache literature. In clinical practice, this can be a disabling and treatment refractory condition. The external portion of the nose is highly innervated by branches of the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the trigeminal nerve including the nasociliary nerve, external nasal nerve, infratrochlear nerve, anterior ethmoidal nerve, and infraorbital nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01485.xDOI Listing
September 2009
4 Reads