Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Dec 10;11(12). Epub 2021 Dec 10.
Internal Medicine Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Science for Children and Adults, Regional Reference Centre for Diagnosing and Management of Porphyrias, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico of Modena, Largo del Pozzo 71, 41124 Modena, Italy.
Porphyrias are a group of rare disorders originating from an enzyme dysfunction in the pathway of heme biosynthesis. Depending on the specific enzyme involved, porphyrias manifest under drastically different clinical pictures. The most dramatic presentation of the four congenital acute hepatic porphyrias (AHPs: acute intermittent porphyria-AIP, ALAD deficiency, hereditary coproporphyria-HCP, and porphyria variegata-VP) consists of potentially life-threatening neurovisceral attacks, for which givosiran, a novel and effective siRNA-based therapeutic, has recently been licensed. Read More