412 results match your criteria Population Health Metrics [Journal]


Potential gains in health expectancy by improving lifestyle: an application for European regions.

Popul Health Metr 2019 01 17;17(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Postbus 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Background: Prevention aiming at smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI could potentially bring large gains in life expectancy (LE) and health expectancy measures such as Healthy Life Years (HLY) and Life Expectancy in Good Perceived Health (LEGPH) in the European Union. However, the potential gains might differ by region.

Methods: A Sullivan life table model was applied for 27 European countries to calculate the impact of alternative scenarios of lifestyle behavior on life and health expectancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0181-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337827PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessing the quality of medical death certification: a case study of concordance between national statistics and results from a medical record review in a regional hospital in the Philippines.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 29;16(1):23. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: Medical certificates of cause of death (MCCOD) issued by hospital physicians are a key input to vital registration systems. Deaths certified by hospital physicians have been implicitly considered to be of high quality, but recent evidence suggests otherwise. We conducted a medical record review (MRR) of hospital MCCOD in the Philippines and compared the cause of death concordance with certificates coded by the Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0178-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311069PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Health status in a transitional society: urban-rural disparities from a dynamic perspective in China.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 27;16(1):22. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, No.115 Donghu Road, Wuhan City, 430071, China.

Background: The phenomenon of urban-rural segmentation has emerged and is remarkable, and the health disparities between rural and urban China should be stressed.

Methods: Based on data from the Chinese General Social Survey from 2005 to 2013, this study not only explored the net age, period, and cohort effects of self-rated health, but compared these effects between rural and urban China from a dynamic perspective through hierarchical age-period-cohort-cross-classified random effects model.

Results: Urban-rural disparities, as well as work status and gender disparities in health increased with age, in line with the cumulative advantage/disadvantage effects theory, while marital status disparities in health declining with age was in line with the age-as-leveler effects theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0179-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307183PMC
December 2018
1 Read

How useful are registered birth statistics for health and social policy? A global systematic assessment of the availability and quality of birth registration data.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 27;16(1):21. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The registration and certification of births has a wide array of individual and societal benefits. While near-universal in some parts of the world, birth registration is less common in many low- and middle-income countries, and the quality of vital statistics vary. We assembled publicly available birth registration records for as many countries as possible into a novel global birth registration database, and we present a systematic assessment of available data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0180-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307230PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Injury death certificates without specification of the circumstances leading to the fatal injury - the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry 2005-2014.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 24;16(1):20. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 973, Sentrum N-5808, Bergen, Norway.

Background: For injury deaths, the underlying cause of death is defined as the circumstances leading to the injury. When this information is missing, the ICD-10 code X59 (Exposure to unspecified factor) is used. Lack of knowledge of factors causing injuries reduces the value of the cause of death statistics. Read More

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https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0176-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304779PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Evaluation of stability of directly standardized rates for sparse data using simulation methods.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 22;16(1):19. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ, UK.

Background: Directly standardized rates (DSRs) adjust for different age distributions in different populations and enable, say, the rates of disease between the populations to be directly compared. They are routinely published but there is concern that a DSR is not valid when it is based on a "small" number of events. The aim of this study was to determine the value at which a DSR should not be published when analyzing real data in England. Read More

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https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0177-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303975PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Quantifying temporal trends of age-standardized rates with odds.

Popul Health Metr 2018 12 18;16(1):18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: To quantify temporal trends in age-standardized rates of disease, the convention is to fit a linear regression model to log-transformed rates because the slope term provides the estimated annual percentage change. However, such log-transformation is not always appropriate.

Methods: We propose an alternative method using the rank-ordered logit (ROL) model that is indifferent to log-transformation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0173-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299543PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The present and future burden of previously treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by histology and line of therapy in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain: model-based predictions.

Popul Health Metr 2018 11 26;16(1):17. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Worldwide Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Rueil-Malmaison, France.

Background: The burden of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not well understood, and the number of patients likely to receive treatment in Europe has not been quantified. The aim of this study was to forecast the annual number of patients with squamous and non-squamous advanced NSCLC likely to receive second and third lines of therapy (LOT) from 2016 to 2020 in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain.

Methods: A patient count model (PCM) was developed in Microsoft Excel to estimate the number of patients with refractory advanced NSCLC eligible to receive systemic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0174-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257974PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Hospital mortality statistics in Tanzania: availability, accessibility, and quality 2006-2015.

Popul Health Metr 2018 11 20;16(1):16. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

National Institute for Medical Research, Headquarters, P.O. Box 9653, 11101, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Background: Accurate and reliable hospital information on the pattern and causes of death is important to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of health policies and programs. The objective of this study was to assess the availability, accessibility, and quality of hospital mortality data in Tanzania.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved selected hospitals of Tanzania and was carried out from July to October 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0175-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247530PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Improving program targeting to combat early-life mortality by identifying high-risk births: an application to India.

Popul Health Metr 2018 08 23;16(1):15. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

WORLD Policy Analysis Center, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: It is widely recognized that there are multiple risk factors for early-life mortality. In practice most interventions to curb early-life mortality target births based on a single risk factor, such as poverty. However, most premature deaths are not from the targeted group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0172-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108144PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Head-to-head comparison between the EQ-5D-5L and the EQ-5D-3L in general population health surveys.

Popul Health Metr 2018 08 16;16(1):14. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute), Health Services Research Group, Doctor Aiguader, 88, 08003, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The EQ-5D has been frequently used in national health surveys. This study is a head-to-head comparison to assess how expanding the number of levels from three (EQ-5D-3L) to five in the new EQ-5D-5L version has improved its distribution, discriminatory power, and validity in the general population.

Methods: A representative sample (N = 7554) from the Catalan Health Interview Survey 2011-2012, aged ≥18, answered both EQ-5D versions, and we evaluated the response redistribution and inconsistencies between them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0170-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6097421PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Small area estimation of under-5 mortality in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chad, Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia using spatially misaligned data.

Popul Health Metr 2018 08 13;16(1):13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98103, USA.

Background: The under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) is an important metric of child health and survival. Country-level estimates of U5MR are readily available, but efforts to estimate U5MR subnationally have been limited, in part, due to spatial misalignment of available data sources (e.g. Read More

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https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0171-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090708PMC
August 2018
18 Reads

Linkage of national soil quality measurements to primary care medical records in England and Wales: a new resource for investigating environmental impacts on human health.

Popul Health Metr 2018 07 16;16(1):12. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Division of Epidemiology & Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building Phase II, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK.

Background: Long-term, low-level exposure to toxic elements in soil may be harmful to human health but large longitudinal cohort studies with sufficient follow-up time to study these effects are cost-prohibitive and impractical. Linkage of routinely collected medical outcome data to systematic surveys of soil quality may offer a viable alternative.

Methods: We used the Geochemical Baseline Survey of the Environment (G-BASE), a systematic X-ray fluorescence survey of soil inorganic chemistry throughout England and Wales to obtain estimates of the concentrations of 15 elements in the soil contained within each English and Welsh postcode area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0168-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048879PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Estimating program coverage in the treatment of severe acute malnutrition: a comparative analysis of the validity and operational feasibility of two methods.

Popul Health Metr 2018 07 3;16(1):11. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

, Norwich, UK.

Background: Many health programs can assess coverage using standardized cluster survey methods, but estimating the coverage of nutrition programs presents a special challenge due to low disease prevalence. Used since 2012, the Semi-Quantitative Evaluation of Access and Coverage (SQUEAC) employs both qualitative and quantitative methods to identify key barriers to access and estimate coverage of therapeutic feeding programs. While the tool has been increasingly used in programs, the validity of certain methodological elements has been the subject of debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0167-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029157PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Comparing tariff and medical assistant assigned causes of death from verbal autopsy interviews in Matlab, Bangladesh: implications for a health and demographic surveillance system.

Popul Health Metr 2018 06 27;16(1):10. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: Deaths in developing countries often occur outside health facilities, making it extremely difficult to gather reliable cause of death (COD) information. Automated COD assignment using a verbal autopsy instrument (VAI) has been proposed as a reliable and cost-effective alternative to traditional physician-certified verbal autopsy, but its performance is still being evaluated. The purpose of this study was to compare the similarity of diagnosis by Medical Assistants (MA) in the Matlab Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) with the SmartVA Analyze 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0169-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020332PMC
June 2018
20 Reads

Projection of the future diabetes burden in the United States through 2060.

Popul Health Metr 2018 06 15;16(1). Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Diabetes Translation, Atlanta, USA.

Background: In the United States, diabetes has increased rapidly, exceeding prior predictions. Projections of the future diabetes burden need to reflect changes in incidence, mortality, and demographics. We applied the most recent data available to develop an updated projection through 2060. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0166-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003101PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Matrix methods in health demography: a new approach to the stochastic analysis of healthy longevity and DALYs.

Popul Health Metr 2018 06 7;16(1). Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Interdisciplinary Center on Research and Education on Population Dynamics (InCent), University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, Odense, DK-5230, Denmark.

Background: Increases in human longevity have made it critical to distinguish healthy longevity from longevity without regard to health. Current methods focus on expectations of healthy longevity, and are often limited to binary health outcomes (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0165-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992869PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

Life expectancy inequalities in the elderly by socioeconomic status: evidence from Italy.

Popul Health Metr 2018 04 12;16(1). Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Economics and Law, Faculty of Economics, Sapienza University of Rome, Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Background: Life expectancy considerably increased in most developed countries during the twentieth century. However, the increase in longevity is neither uniform nor random across individuals belonging to various socioeconomic groups. From an economic policy perspective, the difference in mortality by socioeconomic conditions challenges the fairness of the social security systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0163-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898057PMC
April 2018
1 Read

The relevance of spatial aggregation level and of applied methods in the analysis of geographical distribution of cancer mortality in mainland Portugal (2009-2013).

Popul Health Metr 2018 03 27;16(1). Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Nova IMS Information Management School, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Knowledge regarding the geographical distribution of diseases is essential in public health in order to define strategies to improve the health of populations and quality of life. The present study aims to establish a methodology to choose a suitable geographic aggregation level of data and an appropriated method which allow us to analyze disease spatial patterns in mainland Portugal, avoiding the "small numbers problem." Malignant cancer mortality data for 2009-2013 was used as a case study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0164-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5870502PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Health system strategies to increase HIV screening among pregnant women in Mesoamerica.

Popul Health Metr 2018 03 20;16(1). Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 5th Ave, Suite, Seattle, WA, 600, USA.

Background: To propose health system strategies to meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on HIV screening through antenatal care (ANC) services, we assessed predictors of HIV screening, and simulated the impact of changes in these predictors on the probability of HIV screening in Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (State of Chiapas), Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador.

Methods: We interviewed a representative sample of women of reproductive age from the poorest Mesoamerican areas on ANC services, including HIV screening. We used a multivariate logistic regression model to examine correlates of HIV screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0162-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859704PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

Epidemiological trends of sepsis in the twenty-first century (2000-2013): an analysis of incidence, mortality, and associated costs in Spain.

Popul Health Metr 2018 02 12;16(1). Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Unidad de Infección Viral e Inmunidad, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Sepsis has represented a substantial health care and economic burden worldwide during the previous several decades. Our aim was to analyze the epidemiological trends of hospital admissions, deaths, hospital resource expenditures, and associated costs related to sepsis during the twenty-first century in Spain.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study of all sepsis-related hospitalizations in Spanish public hospitals from 2000 to 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0160-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5809921PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Collecting verbal autopsies: improving and streamlining data collection processes using electronic tablets.

Popul Health Metr 2018 02 1;16(1). Epub 2018 Feb 1.

School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: There is increasing interest in using verbal autopsy to produce nationally representative population-level estimates of causes of death. However, the burden of processing a large quantity of surveys collected with paper and pencil has been a barrier to scaling up verbal autopsy surveillance. Direct electronic data capture has been used in other large-scale surveys and can be used in verbal autopsy as well, to reduce time and cost of going from collected data to actionable information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0161-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793369PMC
February 2018
24 Reads

Alcohol-impaired driving in US counties, 2002-2012.

Popul Health Metr 2018 02 1;16(1). Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-impaired driving remain significant public health problems, leading to considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly among younger populations.

Methods: Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), we employed a small areas modeling strategy to estimate the county-level annual prevalence of alcohol-impaired driving in every United States county for the years 2002 through 2012, the latest year in which county identifiers were publicly available.

Results: Alcohol-impaired driving episodes declined from 157. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0158-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793384PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Calculating census tract-based life expectancy in New York state: a generalizable approach.

Popul Health Metr 2018 01 26;16(1). Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA.

Background: Life expectancy at birth (LE) has been calculated for states and counties. LE estimates at these levels mask health disparities in local communities. There are no nationwide estimates at the sub-county level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-018-0159-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5787312PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Multivariable regression analysis of list experiment data on abortion: results from a large, randomly-selected population based study in Liberia.

Popul Health Metr 2017 12 21;15(1):40. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Background: The list experiment is a promising measurement tool for eliciting truthful responses to stigmatized or sensitive health behaviors. However, investigators may be hesitant to adopt the method due to previously untestable assumptions and the perceived inability to conduct multivariable analysis. With a recently developed statistical test that can detect the presence of a design effect - the absence of which is a central assumption of the list experiment method - we sought to test the validity of a list experiment conducted on self-reported abortion in Liberia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0157-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5740939PMC
December 2017
16 Reads

Cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in Brazil and states during 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2015.

Popul Health Metr 2017 Nov 22;15(1):39. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 5th Avenue, Suite 600, Box 358210, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA.

Background: Reliable data on cause of death (COD) are fundamental for planning and resource allocation priorities. We used GBD 2015 estimates to examine levels and trends for the leading causes of death in Brazil from 1990 to 2015.

Methods: We describe the main analytical approaches focused on both overall and specific causes of death for Brazil and Brazilian states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0156-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5700707PMC
November 2017
25 Reads

The contribution of area-level walkability to geographic variation in physical activity: a spatial analysis of 95,837 participants from the 45 and Up Study living in Sydney, Australia.

Popul Health Metr 2017 10 3;15(1):38. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, 2006, NSW, Australia.

Background: Individual-level studies support a positive relation between walkable built environments and participation in moderate-intensity walking. However, the utility of this evidence for population-level planning is less clear as it is derived at much finer spatial scales than those used for regional programming. The aims of this study were to: evaluate if individual-level relations between walkability and walking to improve health manifest at population-level spatial scales; assess the specificity of area-level walkability for walking relative to other moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA); describe geographic variation in walking and other MVPA; and quantify the contribution of walkability to this variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0149-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5627488PMC
October 2017
15 Reads

The incomparability of cause of death statistics under "one country, two systems": Shanghai versus Hong Kong.

Popul Health Metr 2017 09 29;15(1):37. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia.

Background: Valid and comparable cause of death (COD) statistics are crucial for health policy analyses. Variations in COD assignment across geographical areas are well-documented while socio-institutional factors may affect the process of COD and underlying cause of death (UCD) determination. This study examines the comparability of UCD statistics in Hong Kong and Shanghai, having two political systems within one country, and assesses how socio-institutional factors influence UCD comparability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0155-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5622574PMC
September 2017
6 Reads

The effects of economic development and built environment on diabetes in CHINA.

Authors:
Tao Zhang

Popul Health Metr 2017 09 29;15(1):35. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

School of Public Administration, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China.

Background: With rapid economy growth, the prevalence of obesity, and related chronic diseases, has increased greatly. Although this has been widely recognized, little attention has been paid to the influence of built environment and economic growth, particularly for developing countries. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the potential relationship between the prevalence of diabetes and the built environment while considering the effects of socioeconomic change in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0152-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5622421PMC
September 2017
8 Reads

Impact of HPV vaccination: health gains in the Italian female population.

Popul Health Metr 2017 09 29;15(1):36. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

National Research Council (CNR), Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies (IRPPS), Via Palestro 32, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer and other malignant and benign neoplastic lesions. HPV vaccination has three potential goals: to prevent transmission, infection, and disease. At present, there are no available data about health consequences of HPV immunization in Italy. Read More

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http://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0154-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5622511PMC
September 2017
12 Reads

Myanmar mortality registration: an assessment for system improvement.

Popul Health Metr 2017 09 25;15(1):34. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

International Health Policy Program Foundation, Nonthaburi, Thailand.

Background: The vital registration system in Myanmar has a long history and geographical coverage is currently high. However, a recent assessment of vital registration systems of 148 countries showed poor performance of the death registration system in Myanmar, suggesting the need for improvement. This study assessed the quality of mortality data generated from the vital registration system with regard to mortality levels and patterns, quality of cause of death data, and completeness of death registration in order to identify areas for improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0153-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5613357PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

Estimating the contribution of mortality selection to the East-West German mortality convergence.

Popul Health Metr 2017 19;15:33. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 1, 18057 Rostock, Germany.

Background: Before German reunification, old-age mortality was considerably higher in East Germany than West Germany but converged quickly afterward. Previous studies attributed this rapid catch-up to improved living conditions. We add to this discussion by quantifying for the first time the impact of mortality selection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0151-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5606051PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Estimating the contribution of mortality selection to the East-West German mortality convergence.

Popul Health Metr 2017 09 19;15(1):33. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 1, 18057, Rostock, Germany.

Background: Before German reunification, old-age mortality was considerably higher in East Germany than West Germany but converged quickly afterward. Previous studies attributed this rapid catch-up to improved living conditions. We add to this discussion by quantifying for the first time the impact of mortality selection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0151-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5606051PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Increases in United States life expectancy through reductions in injury-related death.

Popul Health Metr 2017 30;15:32. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Analysis, Research, and Practice Integration, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA.

Background: During the previous century the average lifespan in the United States (US) increased by over 30 years, with much of this increase attributed to public health initiatives. This report examines further gains that might be achieved through reduced occurrence of injury-related death.

Methods: US life tables and injury death rate data were used to estimate potential increases in life expectancy assuming various reductions in the rate of fatal injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0150-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5577772PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

Increases in United States life expectancy through reductions in injury-related death.

Popul Health Metr 2017 08 30;15(1):32. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Analysis, Research, and Practice Integration, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA.

Background: During the previous century the average lifespan in the United States (US) increased by over 30 years, with much of this increase attributed to public health initiatives. This report examines further gains that might be achieved through reduced occurrence of injury-related death.

Methods: US life tables and injury death rate data were used to estimate potential increases in life expectancy assuming various reductions in the rate of fatal injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0150-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5577772PMC
August 2017
10 Reads

Erratum to: Evolution of the "fourth stage" of epidemiologic transition in people aged 80 years and over: population-based cohort study using electronic health records.

Popul Health Metr 2017 08 4;15(1):30. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King's College London, 3rd Floor Addison House, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 1UL, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0147-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543546PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

National mortality burden due to communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

Popul Health Metr 2017 21;15:29. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years.

Methods: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0145-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5521057PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

National disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 257 diseases and injuries in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: findings from the global burden of disease study 2015.

Popul Health Metr 2017 21;15:28. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia.

Methods: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0146-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5521136PMC
June 2018
42 Reads

National disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 257 diseases and injuries in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: findings from the global burden of disease study 2015.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 21;15(1):28. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia.

Methods: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0146-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5521136PMC
July 2017
38 Reads

Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007-2013.

Popul Health Metr 2017 17;15:27. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, PoBox, 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0139-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5513201PMC
June 2018
25 Reads

Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007-2013.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 17;15(1):27. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, PoBox, 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0139-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5513201PMC
July 2017
19 Reads

On the plausibility of socioeconomic mortality estimates derived from linked data: a demographic approach.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 14;15(1):26. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Institute of Statistics and Cartography of Andalusia, Andalusia, Spain.

Background: Reliable estimates of mortality according to socioeconomic status play a crucial role in informing the policy debate about social inequality, social cohesion, and exclusion as well as about the reform of pension systems. Linked mortality data have become a gold standard for monitoring socioeconomic differentials in survival. Several approaches have been proposed to assess the quality of the linkage, in order to avoid the misclassification of deaths according to socioeconomic status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0143-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5513033PMC
July 2017
8 Reads

Mortality trends in Australian Aboriginal peoples and New Zealand Māori.

Popul Health Metr 2017 4;15:25. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine (SPHCM), Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Kensington (Main) Campus, Samuels Building, Level 2, Room 223, Botany St, Gate 11, Randwick (Sydney), NSW 2052 Australia.

Background: The health status of Indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand (NZ) Māori manifests as life expectancies substantially lower than the total population. Accurate assessment of time trends in mortality and life expectancy allows evaluation of progress in reduction of health inequalities compared to the national or non-Indigenous population.

Methods: Age-specific mortality and life expectancy (at birth) (LE) for Indigenous populations (Australia from 1990 and NZ from 1950); and all Australia and non-Māori NZ (from 1890), males (M) and females (F), were obtained from published sources and national statistical agency reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0140-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5496180PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Choice of relative or cause-specific approach to cancer survival analysis impacts estimates differentially by cancer type, population, and application: evidence from a Canadian population-based cohort study.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 3;15(1):24. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

Aboriginal Cancer Control Unit, Prevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, 505 University Ave, 14th Floor, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X3, Canada.

Background: Cause-specific (CS) and net survival in a relative survival framework (RS) are two of the most common methods for estimating cancer survival. In this paper, we assess the differences in results produced by two permutations of cause-specific and relative survival applied to estimating cancer survival and disparities in cancer survival, using data from First Nations and non-Aboriginal populations in Canada.

Methods: Subjects were members of the 1991 Canadian Census Mortality Cohort, a population-based cohort of adult respondents to the 1991 Long Form Census who have been followed up for incident cancers and death through linkage to administrative databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0142-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5496357PMC
July 2017
9 Reads

Comparing trends in mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer in the United Kingdom, 1983-2013: joinpoint regression analysis.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 1;15(1):23. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Nuffield Department of Public Health, British Heart Foundation Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK.

Background: We aimed to study the time trends underlying a change from cardiovascular disease (CVD) to cancer as the most common cause of age-standardized mortality in the UK between 1983 and 2013.

Methods: A retrospective trend analysis of the World Health Organization mortality database for mortality from all cancers, all CVDs, and their three most common types, by sex and age. Age-standardized mortality rates were adjusted to the 2013 European Standard Population and analyzed using joinpoint regression analysis for annual percent changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0141-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5494138PMC
July 2017
8 Reads

Trend and causes of adult mortality in Kersa health and demographic surveillance system (Kersa HDSS), eastern Ethiopia: verbal autopsy method.

Popul Health Metr 2017 07 1;15(1):22. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Department of Public Health, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: The health problems of adults have been neglected in many developing countries, yet many studies in these countries show high rates of premature mortality in adults. Measuring adult mortality and its cause through verbal autopsy (VA) methods is becoming an important process for mortality estimates and is a good indicator of the overall mortality rates in resource-limited settings. The objective of this analysis is to describe the levels, distribution, and trends of adult mortality over time (2008-2013) and causes of adult deaths using VA in Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Kersa HDSS). Read More

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http://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0144-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5493878PMC
July 2017
17 Reads

Impact of rural family physician program on child mortality rates in Iran: a time-series study.

Popul Health Metr 2017 06 2;15(1):21. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The rural family physician program and social protection scheme were started in Iran about 10 years ago, and no comprehensive study has been carried out to investigate the effects of this program on mortality-related health indicators yet. The present study aims to examine the impacts of implementation of the family physician program and rural insurance program, which was launched in June 2005, on neonatal (NMR), infant (IMR), and under-5-year (U5MR) mortality rates in rural areas of Iran between 1995 and 2011, using a time-series analysis.

Methods: Three segmented regression models were built to evaluate the effects of the program on NMR, IMR, and U5MR, and several independent variables were entered into the models, including annual incremental effect of the program (variable of interest), time effect, behvarz density, effect of the family physician and rural insurance programs, as well as socioeconomic variables including years of schooling, wealth index, sex ratio, and logarithmic scales of rural population size in each area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0138-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5455106PMC
June 2017
44 Reads

Quantifying the global contribution of alcohol consumption to cardiomyopathy.

Popul Health Metr 2017 05 25;15(1):20. Epub 2017 May 25.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187, Dresden, Germany.

Background: The global impact of alcohol consumption on deaths due to cardiomyopathy (CM) has not been quantified to date, even though CM contains a subcategory for alcoholic CM with an effect of heavy drinking over time as the postulated underlying causal mechanism. In this feasibility study, a model to estimate the alcohol-attributable fraction (AAF) of CM deaths based on alcohol exposure measures is proposed.

Methods: A two-step model was developed based on aggregate-level data from 95 countries, including the most populous (data from 2013 or last available year). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0137-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5445448PMC
May 2017
21 Reads

Multiple cause-of-death data among people with AIDS in Italy: a nationwide cross-sectional study.

Popul Health Metr 2017 05 18;15(1):19. Epub 2017 May 18.

Servizio Sistema integrato salute, assistenza, previdenza e giustizia, Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, Viale Liegi 13, 00198, Rome, Italy.

Background: Multiple cause-of-death (MCOD) data allow analyzing the contribution to mortality of conditions reported on the death certificate that are not selected as the underlying cause of death. Using MCOD data, this study aimed to fully describe the cause-specific mortality of people with AIDS (PWA) compared to people without AIDS.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide investigation based on death certificates of 2,515 Italian PWA and 123,224 people without AIDS who had died between 2006 and 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-017-0135-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5437492PMC
May 2017
19 Reads