A Retrospective Study of Letrozole Treatment Prior to Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization at Risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.
Med Sci Monit 2018 Jun 20;24:4248-4253. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
Reproductive Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland).
BACKGROUND Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) are given letrozole before a trigger injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to lower estrogen (E2) levels, but can experience ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral letrozole, prior to administration of hCG, on the outcome of IVF and development of OHSS. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective clinical review included 181 cases of women with PCOS who underwent IVF cycles with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) (IVF/ICSI-ET). Read More