7,674 results match your criteria Pneumothorax Imaging


Boerhaave Syndrome: A Report of Two Cases and Literature Review.

Cureus 2022 May 23;14(5):e25241. Epub 2022 May 23.

Internal Medicine, AdventHealth Orlando, Orlando, USA.

Boerhaave's syndrome is a rare yet serious condition associated with high mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis of this syndrome is usually done with the aid of imaging and prompt management should be initiated to improve the outcomes. Treatment for this syndrome has been mainly surgical since its discovery by Herman Boerhaave; however, multiple endoscopic approaches have been successfully used recently with the advancement of this field. Read More

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Creation and application of war trauma treatment simulation software for first aid on the battlefield based on undeformed high-resolution sectional anatomical image (Chinese Visible Human dataset).

BMC Med Educ 2022 Jun 26;22(1):498. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Digital Medicine, College of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), No. 30, Gaotanyan Street, Shapingba District, 400038, Chongqing, China.

Background: Effective first aid on the battlefield is vital to minimize deaths caused by war trauma and improve combat effectiveness. However, it is difficult for junior medical students, which have relatively poor human anatomy knowledge and first aid experience. Therefore, we aim to create a treatment simulation software for war trauma, and to explore its application for first aid training. Read More

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Quantification of Pneumothorax Volume on Chest X-Ray: A More Accurate Index Based On Measurements Made With 3D-printed Models.

J Thorac Imaging 2022 Jul 6;37(4):262-268. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Departments of Thoracic Surgery.

Purpose: Owing to the extent of lung collapse estimated on chest radiograph it is still the complementary test most commonly used in the management of patients with pneumothorax. There are several indices to assess the extent of lung collapse. The objective of this study was to develop a more accurate index, using the 3D printing technology. Read More

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COVID-19 on Chest CT: Translating Known Microscopic Findings to Imaging Observations.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Purpose: To describe the imaging findings of COVID-19 and correlate them with their known pathology observations.

Methods: This is an IRB-approved retrospective study performed at Columbia University Irving Medical Center () that included symptomatic adult patients (21 years or older) who presented to our emergency room and tested positive for COVID-19 and were either admitted or discharged with at least one chest CT from 11 March 2020 through 1 July 2020. CT scans were ordered by the physicians caring for the patients; our COVID-19 care protocols did not specify the timing for chest CT scans. Read More

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Lung Sonography in Critical Care Medicine.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 6;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

During the last five decades, lung sonography has developed into a core competency of intensive care medicine. It is a highly accurate bedside tool, with clear diagnostic criteria for most causes of respiratory failure (pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and pleural effusion). It helps in distinguishing a hypovolemic from a cardiogenic, obstructive, or distributive shock. Read More

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Simultaneous Spontaneous Bilateral Tension Pneumothorax Post COVID-19 Infection: A Case Study.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25107. Epub 2022 May 18.

General and Vascular Surgery, Summit Healthcare Regional Hospital, Show Low, USA.

Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax is a rare life-threatening condition that can cause severe respiratory distress, hypoxemia, and death. Spontaneous pneumothorax has been reported as an uncommon but severe complication in patients recovering from COVID-19 pneumonia. Even fewer cases of spontaneous bilateral tension pneumothorax have been reported as a result of infection. Read More

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A novel video-assisted thoracoscopic approach for pectus excavatum surgical treatment in a dog.

Vet Surg 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Eastcott Referrals, Edison Park, Swindon, UK.

Objective: To describe a novel, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach used to treat pectus excavatum (PE) in a dog.

Animals: A 5 month-old, 5.1 kg, intact, female, Cockapoo. Read More

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Diagnostic performance of artificial intelligence approved for adults for the interpretation of pediatric chest radiographs.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10215. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science and Center for Clinical Imaging Data Science, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 363, Dongbaekjukjeon-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 16995, Republic of Korea.

Artificial intelligence (AI) applied to pediatric chest radiographs are yet scarce. This study evaluated whether AI-based software developed for adult chest radiographs can be used for pediatric chest radiographs. Pediatric patients (≤ 18 years old) who underwent chest radiographs from March to May 2021 were included retrospectively. Read More

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Percutaneous Image-Guided Biopsy for a Comprehensive Hybridization Capture-Based Next-Generation Sequencing in Primary Lung Cancer: Safety, Efficacy, and Predictors of Outcome.

JTO Clin Res Rep 2022 Jun 18;3(6):100342. Epub 2022 May 18.

Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Introduction: To evaluate factors associated with successful comprehensive genomic sequencing of image-guided percutaneous needle biopsies in patients with lung cancer using a broad hybrid capture-based next-generation sequencing assay (CHCA).

Methods: We conducted a single-institution retrospective review of image-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsies from January 2018 to December 2019. Samples with confirmed diagnosis of primary lung cancer and for which CHCA had been attempted were identified. Read More

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Infant With Acute Bilateral Pneumothorax During Air Transport.

S D Med 2022 Feb;75(2):82-87

Department of Pediatrics, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

In rural settings, medically complicated patients may require air transport to facilities that are capable of providing higher levels of care. Extra consideration must be given to pulmonary pathologies when considering this mode of transport. Altitude changes impact both air pressure and volume as described by Boyle's law. Read More

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February 2022

Diagnostic value of a new cryoprobe for peripheral pulmonary lesions: a prospective study.

BMC Pulm Med 2022 Jun 10;22(1):226. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Endoscopy, Respiratory Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Cryobiopsy is an established technique that yields larger and higher-quality samples than does a forceps biopsy. However, it remains underutilised in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs), mainly because of difficulties in handling conventional cryoprobes. A recently introduced single-use cryoprobe with a smaller diameter and more flexibility than conventional ones may improve its diagnostic ability for PPLs. Read More

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Fine-Needle Aspiration Under Guidance of Ultrasound Examination of Thyroid Lesions.

Methods Mol Biol 2022 ;2534:29-37

Cancer Molecular Pathology of School of Medicine and Dentistry, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the most common method for preoperative diagnosis of thyroid carcinomas including papillary carcinoma. The procedure is best performed with ultrasound by operator with professional skill and knowledge. Several guidelines recommend the indication of fine-needle aspiration concerning the pattern of ultrasound and size of nodules. Read More

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Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis in rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease.

Respir Res 2022 Jun 2;23(1):143. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 05505, South Korea.

Background: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare interstitial lung disease (ILD) featuring dense fibrosis of the visceral pleura and subpleural parenchyma, mostly in the upper lobes. PPFE can present in other ILDs, including rheumatoid arthritis-associated ILD (RA-ILD). The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical implications of coexistent PPFE in RA-ILD. Read More

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Lung ultrasound in Italian neonatal intensive care units: A national survey.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 May 30. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Neurosciences Psychology Drug Research and Child Health, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: Lung ultrasound (LU) is a noninvasive, bedside imaging technique that is attracting growing interest in the evaluation of neonatal respiratory diseases. We conducted a nationwide survey of LU usage in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

Methods: A structured questionnaire was developed and sent online to 114 Italian NICUs from June to September 2021. Read More

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Recurrent pneumothorax in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a rare case of bronchopleural fistula: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 31;16(1):214. Epub 2022 May 31.

Division of Pulmonology, Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus/tuberculosis coinfections have amplified the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis pandemic in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has become a major public health threat. There is a paucity of data on severe complications of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the context of human immunodeficiency virus coinfection despite the increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis/human immunodeficiency virus coinfection and the complexity of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment. This report describes a rare case of complicated multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive individual. Read More

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Pneumomediastinum in an Accidental Chlorine Gas Exposed Victim.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 Apr;32(4):S73-S75

Department of Emergency Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Chlorine is an irritant gas, which is implicated in inhalational exposures and can affect the respiratory system leading to complications. We report a case of a 38-year man who presented in the Emergency Department (ED) after exposure to chlorine gas due to an industrial accident. During the course of ED stay, he developed gradual difficulty in breathing, which on investigation, was found to be related to the complication of pneumomediastinum. Read More

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LungNet22: A Fine-Tuned Model for Multiclass Classification and Prediction of Lung Disease Using X-ray Images.

J Pers Med 2022 Apr 24;12(5). Epub 2022 Apr 24.

College of Engineering, IT and Environment, Charles Darwin University, Casuarina, NT 0909, Australia.

In recent years, lung disease has increased manyfold, causing millions of casualties annually. To combat the crisis, an efficient, reliable, and affordable lung disease diagnosis technique has become indispensable. In this study, a multiclass classification of lung disease from frontal chest X-ray imaging using a fine-tuned CNN model is proposed. Read More

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Comparison of Ultrasound Image Classifier Deep Learning Algorithms for Shrapnel Detection.

J Imaging 2022 May 20;8(5). Epub 2022 May 20.

Engineering, Technology, and Automation Combat Casualty Care Research Team, United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Ft. Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA.

Ultrasound imaging is essential in emergency medicine and combat casualty care, oftentimes used as a critical triage tool. However, identifying injuries, such as shrapnel embedded in tissue or a pneumothorax, can be challenging without extensive ultrasonography training, which may not be available in prolonged field care or emergency medicine scenarios. Artificial intelligence can simplify this by automating image interpretation but only if it can be deployed for use in real time. Read More

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Comparison of the Value of Conventional Ultrasound and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound-Guided Puncture Biopsy in Different Sizes of Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions.

Contrast Media Mol Imaging 2022 9;2022:6425145. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Qingpu Brance of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University School of Medicine, No. 1158 East Park Road, Shanghai 201700, China.

Objective: To compare the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and conventional ultrasound-guided puncture biopsy in peripulmonary lesions of different sizes.

Materials And Methods: 110 patients with peripulmonary lesions were randomly divided into two groups: the conventional ultrasound-guided group and the contrast-enhanced ultrasound-guided group. The lesions in the two groups were further divided into two groups according to the size of the lesions, and the tissues taken after puncture biopsy were sent for pathological examination. Read More

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[A Case of Pleural Empyema with Fistula Caused by Endobronchial Metastasis of Renal Cell Carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2022 Apr;68(4):113-116

The Department of Urology, Osaka International Cancer Institute.

A 52-year-old man complained of asymptomatic gross hematuria and cough. Chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a right renal tumor, mediastinal lymph node metastasis, and right endobronchial metastasis. The right endobronchial metastasis was causing obstructive atelectasis in the lower lobe of the right lung. Read More

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Electrical Impedance Tomography in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Management.

Crit Care Med 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Objective: To describe, through a narrative review, the physiologic principles underlying electrical impedance tomography, and its potential applications in managing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). To address the current evidence supporting its use in different clinical scenarios along the ARDS management continuum.

Data Sources: We performed an online search in Pubmed to review articles. Read More

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Promising role for pleural vent in pneumothorax following CT-guided biopsy of lung lesions.

Br J Radiol 2022 Jul 31;95(1135):20210965. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Portsmouth Hospitals University NHS Trust, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To evaluate the safety, effectiveness and cost-benefit of ambulatory pleural vent compared to conventional chest drain for pneumothorax following CT-guided biopsy of lung lesions (CTGB).

Methods: We retrospectively analysed electronic hospital records of patients requiring intervention for pneumothorax following CTGB. All patients treated with pleural vent over a 2-year period (August 2017-July 2019) were included and compared to a control group of all patients treated with chest drain over a previous 2-year period (August 2014-July 2016). Read More

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Horizontal and vertical beam radiographs in vomiting dogs to diagnose mechanical gastrointestinal ileus: A diagnostic imaging comparative study.

Open Vet J 2022 Mar-Apr;12(2):281-289. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Fundació Hospital Clínic Veterinari, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The horizontal beam (HB) view has been used in the identification of pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and pneumoperitoneum in small animals. Based on the literature, there were no published data evaluating the utility of HB radiography in vomiting dogs to differentiate between patients with or without mechanical gastrointestinal ileus.

Aim: The purpose of this prospective pilot study was to determine the utility of HB radiograph as an additional view in vomiting dogs to differentiate patients with or without mechanical gastrointestinal ileus; and describe if there are any radiographic image characteristics associated with the HB view for patients with mechanical gastrointestinal ileus. Read More

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Blunt thoracic trauma: role of chest radiography and comparison with CT - findings and literature review.

Emerg Radiol 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Division of Emergency and Trauma Imaging, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

In the setting of acute trauma where identification of critical injuries is time-sensitive, a portable chest radiograph is broadly accepted as an initial diagnostic test for identifying benign and life-threatening pathologies and guiding further imaging and interventions. This article describes chest radiographic findings associated with various injuries resulting from blunt chest trauma and compares the efficacy of the chest radiograph in these settings with computed tomography (CT). Common chest radiographic findings in blunt thoracic injuries will be reviewed to improve radiologic identification, expedite management, and improve trauma morbidity and mortality. Read More

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Early detection of delayed pneumothorax using lung ultrasound after transthoracic needle lung biopsy: A prospective pilot study.

Clin Respir J 2022 May 20;16(5):413-419. Epub 2022 May 20.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Delayed pneumothorax can cause an emergency room visit and be life-threatening in case of tension pneumothorax after transthoracic needle biopsy. We hypothesized that most delayed pneumothoraces are diagnosed by later enlargement of occult pneumothorax due to the low diagnostic accuracy of a chest X-ray. Lung ultrasound is a highly accurate tool for detection of pneumothorax. Read More

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[Clinical efficacy of ct-guided transthoracic needle biopsy of peripheral lung lesions].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2022 (5):34-42

Moscow City Oncology Hospital No. 1, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a step-by-step protocol for GT-guided transthoracic biopsy in verification of peripheral lung tumors.

Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis of the results of GT-guided transthoracic biopsies of focal lung neoplasms was performed between October 2019 and December 2020. The analysis included the results of 176 biopsies in 158 patients. Read More

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Non-traumatic Tension Gastrothorax: A Potential Mimicker of Tension Pneumothorax.

J Radiol Case Rep 2021 Aug 1;15(8):1-7. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Tension gastrothorax is a rare, life-threatening clinical condition caused by intrathoracic herniation of the stomach through a diaphragmatic defect which becomes increasingly distended over time. If not recognized promptly, this can rapidly progress to respiratory distress, mediastinal shift, and hemodynamic compromise. Initial clinical presentation and imaging findings closely mirror those of tension pneumothorax, confounding diagnosis and potentially leading to unnecessary interventions with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Read More

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Occult tension pneumothorax discovered following imaging for adult trauma patients in the modern major trauma system: a multicentre observational study.

BMJ Mil Health 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Emergency Department, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Worthing, UK.

Background: Tension pneumothorax following trauma is a life-threatening emergency and radiological investigation is normally discouraged prior to treatment in traditional trauma doctrines such as ATLS. Some trauma patients may be physiologically stable enough for diagnostic imaging and occult tension pneumothorax is discovered radiologically. We assessed the outcomes of these patients and compared them with those with clinical diagnosis of tension pneumothorax prior to imaging. Read More

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Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome encountered at rare lung disease clinic in Anhui province, China.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2022 05 16;17(1):203. Epub 2022 May 16.

Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230001, Anhui, China.

Background: Diagnosis of rare diseases remains a challenge in China. We describe our experience with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) encountered at a Rare Lung Disease Clinic recently established in China.

Methods: After the first patient with BHDS was recognized in 2017, a Rare Lung Disease Clinic with a multidisciplinary team of specialists was established. Read More

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