25,630 results match your criteria Pneumothorax Imaging


Veterinary-focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure: a prospective observational study in 64 canine trauma patients.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Lodi's ICU and Sub ICU Head, ASST Lodi 26900, Italy.

Objective: To describe the technique and findings of the 'veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure' protocol in dogs suffering from trauma.

Materials And Methods: Prospective observational study on a new point-of-care ultrasound protocol on 64 dogs suffering from trauma and comparison of findings with radiology.

Results: Comparison of the results of this new ultrasound protocol for trauma patients with radiography findings for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, alveolar-interstitial syndrome and abdominal effusion revealed positive agreement of 89, 83, 100 and 87% and negative agreement of 76, 83, 76 and 92%, respectively. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Point-of-care ultrasonography for diagnosing thoracoabdominal injuries in patients with blunt trauma.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 12;12:CD012669. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 12683.

Background: Point-of-care sonography (POCS) has emerged as the screening modality of choice for suspected body trauma in many emergency departments worldwide. Its best known application is FAST (focused abdominal sonography for trauma). The technology is almost ubiquitously available, can be performed during resuscitation, and does not expose patients or staff to radiation. Read More

View Article
December 2018

The utility of shock coil and left ventricular tip-right ventricular coil impedance as a predictor of pneumothorax in cardiac resynchronization therapy implantation.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Jun 17;13(6):193-195. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology and Hematology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.

A high defibrillation threshold (DFT) infrequently occurs during device implantation. The major cause of high DFT is pneumothorax. However, there are few data about shock coil and left ventricular tip-right ventricular coil (LV tip-RV coil) impedance as a marker of a high DFT caused by pneumothorax. Read More

View Article

Lead displacement due to tension pneumothorax following permanent pacemaker implantation.

J Cardiol Cases 2017 Jan 17;15(1):25-27. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Department of Cardiology, Apollo Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

A 62-year-old female, who had undergone dual chamber pacemaker implantation through left subclavian approach, developed tension pneumothorax of left side. This resulted in shift of entire mediastinum and lead displacement with altered lead parameters. Pacemaker implantation can be complicated by tension pneumothorax in 0. Read More

View Article
January 2017

Deep Sulcus Sign in Pneumothorax.

Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan.

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Air travel and incidence of pneumothorax in lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Dec 13;13(1):222. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Service de pneumologie, Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois, PMU BU44.07, Rue du Bugnon 44, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease of women characterized by multiple lung cysts leading to respiratory insufficiency and frequent pneumothorax (PT). Air travel (AT) could increase the risk of PT in LAM through rupture of subpleural cysts induced by atmospheric pressure changes in aircraft cabin. To determine whether AT increases the risk of PT in LAM, we performed a retrospective survey of members of European LAM patient associations. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cardiac tamponade after radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13532

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School.

Rationale: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective local treatment modality with a low complication rate and is commonly used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical outcome of RFA may be closely related to the location, size, and shape of index tumors, and major complications, including hemorrhage, liver abscess, infarction, visceral organ perforation, hemothorax, pneumothorax, tumoral seeding, and hepatic failure. Cardiac tamponade is a rare and serious life-threatening complication associated with RFA. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Complications and outcomes of temporary transvenous pacing: an analysis of over 360,000 patients from the National Inpatient Sample.

Chest 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: The incidence of complications and the outcomes of temporary transvenous pacemaker (TTP) placement in the modern era are not well established.

Methods: To determine the current incidence of pericardial complications and the outcomes of patients undergoing TTP, we performed an analysis using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), which is a US national database of hospital admissions. We identified all patients who underwent TTP using ICD-9 codes. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Natural history of bulla neogenesis for primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a propensity score analysis.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Objective: For patients with recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax, surgery has been thought to be an acceptable treatment. However, even if bulla is completely resected, postoperative recurrence is relatively common due to bulla neogenesis. Bulla neogenesis seems to develop naturally in younger patients compared with the elderly, as theorized till date. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Improving the management of spontaneous pneumothorax.

Authors:
José M Porcel

Eur Respir J 2018 Dec 6;52(6). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Pleural Medicine Unit, Dept of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain

View Article
December 2018

Improving the management of spontaneous pneumothorax.

Authors:
Uri Kartoun

Eur Respir J 2018 Dec 6;52(6). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Computational Health, IBM Research, Cambridge, MA, USA

View Article
December 2018

Does Ipsilateral-Dependent Positioning During Percutaneous Lung Biopsy Decrease the Risk of Pneumothorax?

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Dec 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Radiology, Cochin Hospital, Descartes University, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75 014 Paris, France.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine whether placing patients in an ipsilateral-dependent position during percutaneous CT-guided transthoracic biopsy reduces the pneumothorax rate.

Materials And Methods: Between July 2013 and August 2017, a total of 516 patients (317 men and 199 women; mean age, 66.4 years) underwent core needle biopsies performed using 17- and 18-gauge needles. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Pilot evaluation of an objective structured assessment of technical skills tool for chest tube insertion.

GMS J Med Educ 2018 15;35(4):Doc48. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Heidelberg, Department of General, Visceral, and Transplantation Surgery, Heidelberg, Germany.

Chest tube insertion is a standard intervention for management of various injuries of the thorax. Efficient clinical training of this and similar bed-side procedures is equally demanded and improvable. Here, we propose a nouveau means of assessment and feedback using an Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) tool. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Chronic pseudo-angina left precordial chest pain caused by a thoracic meningioma.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 12;9(2):54-56. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Service de Consultations et d'Explorations Fonctionnelles Neurologiques, Hospices Civils de Lyon, CH Lyon Sud, 69000 Pierre-Bénite, France.

Left precordial chest pain (LPCP) evokes above all angina. Eliminating a cardiac origin is then always the first priority. When cardiac causes are eliminated, non-cardiac causes are sought in order to avoid leaving patients with undiagnosed or undifferentiated chest pain. Read More

View Article
February 2014
1 Read

Laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Nov 15;11:CD009901. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Wiesbaden Business School, RheinMain University of Applied Science, Bleichstr. 44, Wiesbaden, Germany, 65183.

Background: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is one of the most common bedside surgical procedures performed in critically ill adults, on intensive care units (ICUs), who require long-term ventilation. PDT is associated with relevant life-threatening complications: Cuff rupture or accidental extubation may lead to hypoxia, aspiration or loss of airway. Puncture of the oesophagus, or creating a false passage during dilatation or replacement of the tracheostomy tube, can lead to pneumothorax or emphysema. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Early extubation followed by immediate noninvasive ventilation vs. standard extubation in hypoxemic patients: a randomized clinical trial.

Intensive Care Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Anestesia e Rianimazione, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Università "Magna Graecia", Viale Europa (Loc. Germaneto), Catanzaro, Italy.

Purpose: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) may facilitate withdrawal of invasive mechanical ventilation (i-MV) and shorten intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) in hypercapnic patients, while data are lacking on hypoxemic patients. We aim to determine whether NIV after early extubation reduces the duration of i-MV and ICU LOS in patients recovering from hypoxemic acute respiratory failure.

Methods: Highly selected non-hypercapnic hypoxemic patients were randomly assigned to receive NIV after early or standard extubation. Read More

View Article
December 2018

En Route Resuscitation - Utilization of CCATT to Transport and Stabilize Critically Injured and Unstable Casualties.

Mil Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

Introduction: The U.S. Air Force utilizes specialized Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATT) for transporting "stabilized" patients. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Triple lead cephalic versus subclavian vein approach in cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 7;8(1):17709. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, West German Heart and Vascular Center, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device implantation is associated with severe complications including pneumo- and hemothorax. Data on a sole cephalic vein approach (sCV), potentially preventing these complications, are limited. The aim of our study was to compare a sole cSV with a subclavian vein approach (SV) in CRT implantations with respect to feasibility and safety. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Percutaneous sentinel node removal using a vacuum-assisted needle biopsy in women with breast cancer: a feasibility and acceptability study.

Clin Radiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

breast unit, University of Dundee, Mailbox 4, Level 6, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK.

Aims: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of large-gauge percutaneous removal of the axillary sentinel lymph node (SLN) using dual gamma probe and ultrasound guidance.

Materials And Methods: Technetium nanocolloid was administered the day before surgery. On the day of surgery, potential SLNs were identified with gamma probe and ultrasound scanning. Read More

View Article
December 2018

CT-guided Transthoracic Core-Needle Biopsies of Mediastinal and Lung Lesions in 235 Consecutive Patients: Factors Affecting the Risks of Complications and Occurrence of a Final Diagnosis of Malignancy.

Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Hospital de Base, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the impact of patient-, lesion- and procedure-related factors on the risks of complications and final diagnosis of malignancy in PCNB of mediastinal and lung lesions.

Material And Methods: We studied a large single-center cohort of 235 consecutive patients (66.8% men; 58. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Local Recurrence After Microwave Ablation of Lung Malignancies: A Systematic Review.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Microwave ablation is a therapeutic option for patients with lung malignancies who are not surgical candidates. However, reports on local recurrence have been limited to small case series or retrospective reports. This review was conducted to synthesize the evidence regarding local recurrence and adverse events after microwave ablation for primary non-small cell lung cancer or pulmonary metastases. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Uniportal triportal video-assisted thoracic surgery in the treatment of primary pneumothorax-a propensity matched bicentric study.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3712-S3719

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A. Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The role of triportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is widely recognized for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and the potential advantages of uniportal VATS (U-VATS) for the treatment of PSP compared with triportal VATS.

Methods: A total of 104 triportal (n=39) and uniportal (n=65) VATS procedures where performed for the treatment of PSP in two University hospitals. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

An unusual complication of pigtail catheter insertion.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5964-5967

Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, USA.

Thoracostomy tubes are indicated for management of air or fluid in the pleural cavity. Pigtail catheters have emerged as an effective and less morbid alternative to traditional large bore chest tubes for evacuation of pleural air or fluid. However, they do not come without complications which commonly include pneumothorax and hemothorax. Read More

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

X-ray indices of chest drain malposition after insertion for drainage of pneumothorax in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5695-5701

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, 1 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chest drain (CD) migration in the pleural cavity may result in inadequate drainage of pneumothorax. The aim of this study was to assess several parameters that might help in diagnosing CD migration on chest X-ray (CXR).

Methods: Patients with a CD inserted from the safe triangle with a subsequent supine CXR and CT scan performed less than 24 hours apart were assessed for CD foreshortening, angle of inclination of the CD, and CD tortuosity. Read More

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Combined Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Lung Resection in Patients with Lung Cancer Accompanied by Coronary Artery Disease.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep-Oct;33(5):483-489

Yuzuncu Yil University School of Medicine Gaziosmanpasa Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Optimal surgical approach for the treatment of resectable lung cancer accompanied by coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a contentious issue. In this study, we present our cases that were operated simultaneously for concurrent lung cancer and CAD.

Methods: Simultaneous off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCABG) and lung resection were performed on 10 patients in our clinic due to lung cancer accompanied by CAD. Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

A pathology not be overlooked in blunt chest trauma: Analysis of 181 patients with bilateral pneumothorax.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):521-527

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.

Background: Bilateral pneumothorax (BPTx) can become tension PTx and a cause of mortality, especially in severe multi-trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, morbidity, mortality, and associated factors of BPTx in multi-trauma patients in order to highlight the importance of the management of these cases, as well as complications, morbidity, and mortality.

Methods: The data of 181 patients with BPTx, from a total of 3782 trauma patients, were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Ultrasound-Guided axillary venous access for pediatric and adult congenital lead implantation.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY.

Background: Axillary venous access with ultrasound guidance for pediatric transvenous lead implantation may reduce risks for pneumothorax and hemothorax. The objective was to retrospectively evaluate ultrasound-guided axillary vein access as an alternative to the subclavian approach.

Methods: The technique consists of ultrasonographic identification of the axillary vein at the delto-pectoral groove after initial contrast venography. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Postoperative chest radiograph after open reduction internal fixation of clavicle fractures: a necessary practice?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Orthopaedics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Hypothesis/background: Iatrogenic pneumothorax is a rare but serious complication of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of clavicular fractures. Many institutions use postoperative chest radiographs to evaluate for this complication despite a lack of data to support this routine practice. Due to concerns of radiation exposure and health care costs, this practice may not be necessary. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Spontaneous pneumothorax resulting in tension physiology.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 24;37(1):173.e1-173.e2. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

University of Utah Health, USA.. Electronic address:

Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a relatively common pathology in emergency medicine; however, scant information is published regarding SPs developing tension physiology in the literature. Risk factors for spontaneous pneumothorax include smoking, family history, and underlying lung disease such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, among others. Treatment often involves conservative management, needle aspiration, catheter placement, or tube thoracostomy. Read More

View Article
January 2019
1 Read

Adult Langerhans' cell histiocytosis with multisystem involvement: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13366

Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH), also called histiocytosis X, is an uncommon disorder manifesting in a variety of ways. Although LCH can involve various organs including bone, skin, and lymph nodes, multisystem involvement of LCH is rare in adults.

Patient Concerns: A 31-year-old woman first presented to our hospital with left leg pain. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Surgical Treatment of Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Pleural Abrasion or Pleurectomy?

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

Purpose: A primary spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that occurs predominantly in young and thin male individuals who do not have any history of underlying lung disease. Various techniques such as pleural abrasion and pleurectomy are used to reduce the recurrence rate, but there exists no consensus among surgeons on which surgical technique offers the lowest risk of recurrence.We aimed to compare the efficiency and recurrence risk of pleural abrasion and pleurectomy methods in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax undergoing a wedge resection for the bulleous part of the paranchyme. Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

Erector spinae plane block: A new indication with a new approach and a recommendation to reduce the risk of pneumothorax.

J Clin Anesth 2018 Nov 26;54:130-131. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kocaeli University, School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Comparison of two iodine-125 brachytherapy implant techniques for the treatment of lung tumor: Preplanning and intraoperative planning.

Brachytherapy 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Cancer Therapy and Research Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong University, Jinan, PR China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare preplanning and intraoperative planning methods of lung tumor brachytherapy based on postimplant CT images and dosimetric outcomes.

Methods And Materials: Detailed postimplant evaluations of iodine-125 seed implants were performed in 15 patients using a preplanning technique and in 15 patients treated with an intraoperative planning technique. The implant details, dosimetric parameters, and implant quality indices were compared. Read More

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Autologous Blood Patch Injection versus Hydrogel Plug in CT-guided Lung Biopsy: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

Radiology 2018 Nov 27:181140. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

From the Departments of Radiology (M.M., N.M., K.T.B., C.L.Z., M.J., C.I.G., C.T.S., J.P.E., A.M.C., L.A.B., H.Y., A.R.D., Y.B., W.A., R.H.S., J.C.D., A.J.G., E.Z., F.E.B., S.B.S.) and Epidemiology and Biostatistics (C.S.M., M.H.), Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, M276C, New York, NY 10065.

Purpose To compare the effect of autologous blood patch injection (ABPI) with that of a hydrogel plug on the rate of pneumothorax at CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. Materials and Methods In this prospective randomized controlled trial ( https://ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT02224924), a noninferiority design was used for ABPI, with a 10% noninferiority margin when compared with the hydrogel plug, with the primary outcome of pneumothorax rate within 2 hours of biopsy. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

General features of patients with Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis followed in our instution.

Tuberk Toraks 2018 Sep;66(3):205-211

Clinic of Chest Diseases, Istanbul Yedikule Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare disease affecting young smokers. It is more common between the ages of 20-40 and equals the male/female ratio. Lung biopsy is the most useful methods for diagnosis. Read More

View Article
September 2018
2 Reads

[Clinical efficacy of nasal high-frequency ventilation in treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: a Meta analysis].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;20(11):897-903

Department of Neonatology, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518020, China.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of nasal high-frequency ventilation (nHFV) in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).

Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBase (Ovid), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Data to collect the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the clinical efficacy of nHFV and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in the treatment of NRDS. A Meta analysis was performed on the included RCTs using Rev Man 5. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

[Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A rare cause of bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax in young woman].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Dec 23;74(6):497-501. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Département de chirurgie thoracique, CHU Hassan II, Fés, Maroc; Faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Fés, Maroc.

Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis is an orphan disease of the young woman. Its clinical manifestations are mainly respiratory, including spontaneous pneumothorax. The management is multidisciplinary. Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Does pigtail catheters relieve pneumothorax?: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13255

Background: Pigtail catheter drainage has been usually applied for the treatment of pleural effusion and pneumothorax. Our aim was to investigate the application and efficacy of pigtail catheters for pneumothorax.

Methods: We carried out a meta-analysis of retro- or pro-spective studies addressing the effect of pigtail catheters for pneumothorax. Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

Automated detection of moderate and large pneumothorax on frontal chest X-rays using deep convolutional neural networks: A retrospective study.

PLoS Med 2018 Nov 20;15(11):e1002697. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: Pneumothorax can precipitate a life-threatening emergency due to lung collapse and respiratory or circulatory distress. Pneumothorax is typically detected on chest X-ray; however, treatment is reliant on timely review of radiographs. Since current imaging volumes may result in long worklists of radiographs awaiting review, an automated method of prioritizing X-rays with pneumothorax may reduce time to treatment. Read More

View Article
November 2018
5 Reads

Clinical presentation and treatment of catameinal pneumothorax and endometriosis-related pneumothorax.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2018 Nov 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

a Thoracic surgery department, Paris center hospitals , University Paris Descartes, APHP , Paris , France.

Introduction: Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is defined as a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax occurring in females of reproductive age. In the 'perimenstrual period,' it is still considered relatively rare although accounting for 20-35% of spontaneous pneumothoraces occurring in premenopausal women. It is the most frequent manifestation of thoracic endometriosis, which can also cause pneumothorax during the intermenstrual period (TER non-CP). Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

[Pneumothorax catamenial: results of 18 cases operas].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 25;30:168. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

This study aims to propose a therapeutic approach for catamenial pneumothorax based on outcomes reported in 18 cases. We conducted a retrospective study of 18 female elderly patients with an average age of 32.2 years who had undergone surgery for right (16 cases) and bilateral catamenial pneumothorax (2 cases) from January 1994 to December 2016. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Consider Conservative Approach Rather Than Intervening in Moderate to Large Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

Ann Emerg Med 2018 Dec;72(6):731-732

Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

[Preoperative Computed Tomography-guided Microcoil Localization for Multiple Small Lung Nodules before Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery].

Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 2018 Nov;21(11):857-863

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, Beijing 100076, China.

Background: Localization of multiple small lung nodules is the technical difficulty of minimally invasive operation resection. However, there are few clinical studies on the preoperative localization of multiple small lung nodules. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical value of preoperative computed tomography (CT) guided microcoil localization for multiple small lung nodules compared with single small lung nodule before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

Recruitment manoeuvres for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving mechanical ventilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Crit Care 2018 Nov 3;50:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100020, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) would decrease 28-day mortality of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) compared with standard care.

Materials And Methods: Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published prior to April 26, 2018 were systematically searched. The primary outcome was mortality. Read More

View Article
November 2018
8 Reads

Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM).

J Ultrason 2018 ;18(74):198-206

Department of Econometrics at the Faculty of Management, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for the use of lung ultrasound in internal medicine, based on reliable data and expert opinions. Methods: The bibliography from the databases (Pubmed, Medline, OVID, Embase) has been fully reviewed up to August 2017. Members of the expert group assessed the credibility of the literature data. Read More

View Article
January 2018
4 Reads

Renal tumor biopsies are associated with a low complication rate.

Scand J Urol 2018 Nov 18:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

a Department of Urology , Zealand University Hospital , Roskilde , Denmark.

Background: Due to the high incidence of benign lesions in renal masses, numerous studies have been performed to clarify the value of core needle biopsies. The aim of the present study was to describe the complication rate after renal tumor biopsies (RTB), in order to make recommendations on observation after the procedure.

Materials And Methods: Data from all patients who underwent percutaneous ultrasound-guided RTB between February 2013 and October 2016 due to CT verified solid renal masses were prospectively collected and kept in a well-maintained database. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Complications related to endoscopic lung volume reduction for emphysema with endobronchial valves: results of a multicenter study.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(Suppl 27):S3315-S3325

Thoracic Surgery Unit, Università La Sapienza, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Background: Despite bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) with valves is a minimally invasive treatment for emphysema, it can associate with some complications. We aimed at evaluating the rate and type of complications related to valve treatment and their impact on clinical outcomes.

Methods: It is a retrospective multicenter study including all consecutive patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema undergoing BLVR with endobronchial valve treatment and developed any complications related to this procedure. Read More

View Article
October 2018
7 Reads

[Clinical Assessment of Spontaneous Hemopneumothorax].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Nov;71(12):995-997

Department of Emergency Medicine, Okazaki City Hospital, Okazaki, Japan.

We experienced 25 cases of spontaneous hemopneumothorax, in which 9 were defined as occult cases on chest X-ray at the time of visit. All 9 cases visited our hospital within 12 hours after the onset. Of these, 5 were done chest computed tomography (CT) and 3 could be diagnosed as hemopneumothorax. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read