7,102 results match your criteria Pneumothorax Imaging


Treatment and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to suspected migrating vegetal foreign body in 37 dogs.

Vet Rec 2021 Jun 9:e22. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Surgical Department, Centre Hospitalier Vétérinaire Languedocia, Montpellier, France.

Background: The aim of this study is to describe surgical findings, treatment and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) secondary to suspected migrating vegetal foreign body (MVFB).

Methods: This retrospective study included dogs with computed tomography (CT) consistent with SP suspected to be secondary to MVFB that underwent thoracic surgery. They were divided into two groups according to whether CT identified (group 1) or only suspected (group 2) an MVFB. Read More

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[CME Sonography 98: Chest Ultrasound].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2021 Jun;110(8):453-459

Ultrasound Learning Center (ULC) der European Federation of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB), Klinik Hirslanden, Zürich.

CME Sonography 98: Chest Ultrasound Chest sonography has long been an important part of ultrasound diagnostics. Historically, the first evidence found in chest sonography were pleural effusions. Peripheral consolidations (pneumonia, tumors, pulmonary embolism) and pneumothorax were added later. Read More

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[POCUS - Thoracic Sonography in Times of Corona: What Sonographing Family Physicians Should Examine].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2021 Jun;110(8):439-448

Rankweil, Österreich.

POCUS - Thoracic Sonography in Times of Corona: What Sonographing Family Physicians Should Examine When performing chest sonography of patients with symptoms such as respiratory infection, dyspnea and chest pain, the primary goal is to find or exclude significant diagnoses such as pneumothorax, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, tumors, pulmonary emboli, etc. as the cause of the symptoms. If infection with SARS-CoV-2 is present, COVID-19 pneumonia can be confirmed or excluded as the cause of the symptoms with a high degree of probability based on the sonographic signs. Read More

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[Application of endobronchial ultrasound in children: an analysis of 4 cases].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;59(6):511-515

Department No. 2 of Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing 100045, China.

To investigate the feasibility, clinical efficacy and safety of endobronchial ultasound (EBUS) in children. The radiological features, EBUS images, pathological results and intraoperative and postoperative complications of 3 cases who underwent EBUS examination and 1 case who underwent EBUS guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 4 cases, 2 were males and 2 were females, with the onset age of 7. Read More

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CT-guided biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact: Comparison of two puncture routes.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, 700-8558 Okayama, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare two puncture routes (transpleural vs. transpulmonary) for computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided cutting needle biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact.

Patients And Methods: A total of 102 patients (72 men; mean age, 71. Read More

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Chemotherapy combined with intermittent microwave ablation in the treatment of oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer.

J BUON 2021 Mar-Apr;26(2):320-327

Department of Imaging, Rizhao People's Hospital Affiliated to Jining Medical College, Rizhao 276800, China.

Purpose: To observe the role of chemotherapy combined with microwave ablation in the treatment of oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: 68 oligometastatic NSCLC patients were enrolled in this comparative study and randomly received chemotherapy with intermittent CT guided microwave ablation or chemotherapy only. The efficacy and the adverse effects were evaluated at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. Read More

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[Intrathoracic Migration of a Kirschner Wire Successfully Removed by Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):481-483

Department of Surgery, Okinawa Prefectural Yaeyama Hospital, Ishigaki, Japan.

A 40-year-old man who had been surgically treated for the fracture of the right humerus with two Kirschner wires (K-wires) complained of chest pain and difficulty in breathing at fourth day after surgery and visited our hospital. Chest radiography revealed dislocation of the K-wire and right pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracic surgery( VATS) was performed immediately, and the K-wire was removed safely. Read More

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[Effective Treatment of Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax due to Pulmonary Mycobacterium Avium Complex by Thoracoscopic Intra-fistula Filling with Suture Closure].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):434-437

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Society Himeji Hospital, Himeji, Japan.

Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax associated with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is often difficult to treat. Pneumothorax associated with pulmonary MAC is characterized by a large fistula with a cavity or bronchodilation, and pleural thickening due to pleurisy. Herein, we report two cases of pneumothorax with pulmonary MAC successfully treated by minimally invasive thoracoscopic intra-fistula filling with a suture closure method. Read More

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Contralateral hemopneumothorax after penetrating thoracic trauma: A case report.

Authors:
Mehlika İşcan

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(15):3773-3778

Thoracic Surgery Department, Gebze Fatih State Hospital, Kocaeli 41400, Gebze, Turkey.

Background: Trauma is the leading cause of death in young adults up to the age of 45 years. Hemothorax is a frequent consequence of penetrating thoracic trauma, and is usually associated with pneumothorax and pneumoderma. Intercostal arterial bleeding or intrathoracic hemorrhage occurs after penetrating thoracic trauma, and uncontrolled bleeding is the main cause of death. Read More

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Chest sonography versus chest radiograph in children admitted to paediatric intensive care - A prospective study.

Trop Doct 2021 May 27:494755211016650. Epub 2021 May 27.

Scientist E ICMR, National Institute of Medical Statistics, New Delhi, India.

There is a paucity of studies on the correlation between chest radiograph and ultrasound (US) in children. Our objective was to study the correlation between bedside chest radiograph and ultrasound findings in 413 children with 1002 episodes of chest radiograph and US enrolled for a prospective, double-blinded observational study in a multidisciplinary paediatric intensive care unit. Weighted statistic for agreement was different for right and left lungs and varied from 50% for left pleural effusion to 98% for right pneumothorax. Read More

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Spontaneous pneumothorax as a delayed complication after recovery from COVID-19.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 05 25;14(5). Epub 2021 May 25.

Radiology Department, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico Salt'Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy.

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Nonsurgical management of dynamic pneumatocele via endobronchial administration of fibrin sealant.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

A 12-year-old male was admitted to the Medical Intensive Care Unit for respiratory failure requiring temporary tracheostomy secondary to an extensive necrotizing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. Imaging revealed destructive bronchiectasis and multifocal lung abscesses, more advanced in the right lung. He was discharged home after 42-day hospital admission. Read More

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Barotrauma Linked to Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection in Younger Patients: A Case Series.

Cureus 2021 Apr 20;13(4):e14573. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine, Rutgers University, Newark, USA.

Patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on invasive mechanical ventilation were found to have high rates of barotrauma. Herein, we present five patients admitted to the intensive care unit between March and April 2020, who developed barotrauma as a complication of COVID-19 pneumonia. This series includes four males and one female with a mean age of 54 years, most without significant chronic comorbidities or former tobacco use. Read More

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Diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral CT scan in lung compression ratio of patients with pulmonary contusion complicated by pneumothorax or hydropneumothorax.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):3004-3009. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Imaging, 521 Hospital of Norinco Group Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Objective: This study was designed to explore the diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) scanning in lung compression ratio of patients with pulmonary contusion complicated by pneumothorax or hydropneumothorax.

Methods: Seventy-eight patients with pulmonary contusions complicated by pneumothorax or hydropneumothorax treated in the Department of Emergency Surgery of our hospital were examined by CT and X-ray, and the diagnostic value of these two methods was observed. The correlation of lung compression ratio measured by multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) and volume rendering (VR) with W/D ratio was studied, and the formula between VR-measured lung compression ratio and W/D ratio was constructed using a one-variable linear regression equation. Read More

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Transbronchial microwave ablation of lung nodules with electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy guidance-a novel technique and initial experience with 30 cases.

Transl Lung Cancer Res 2021 Apr;10(4):1608-1622

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Microwave ablation of lung nodules may provide a faster, larger and more predictable ablation zone than other energy sources, while bronchoscopic transbronchial ablation has theoretical advantage of fewer pleural-based complications than percutaneous approach. Our study aims to determine whether the novel combination of bronchoscopic approach and microwave ablation in management of lung nodules is technically feasible, safe and effective.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a single center experience in electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy microwave ablation in hybrid operating room. Read More

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Caudate Lobe Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with Sequential Transarterial Chemoembolization and Iodine 125 Seeds Implantation: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 13;13:3901-3912. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Resection of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the caudate lobe (CL) is challenging even for accomplished surgeons. This retrospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and iodine 125 seeds implantation (ISI) for unresectable or "ablation unsuitable" HCC-CL detected at the initial presentation in clinical practice.

Patients And Methods: A total of 20 HCC-CL patients undergoing sequential TACE and ISI from January 2014 to October 2018 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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Active Versus Passive Thaw Following Percutaneous Cryoablation of Pulmonary Tumors: Effect on Incidence, Grade, and Onset of Hemoptysis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Division of Thoracic Imaging and Intervention, Massachusetts, General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Hemoptysis is common following percutaneous image-guided cryoablation of pulmonary tumors. To evaluate the effect of a final active thaw on the incidence, grade, and onset of hemoptysis following percutaneous cryoablation of pulmonary tumors. This retrospective cohort study included 60 consecutive CT-guided cryoablation sessions targeting 95 pulmonary tumors in 47 patients from 2017 to 2020. Read More

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Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome in Chinese patients: a literature review of 120 families.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 May 17;16(1):223. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To clarify the epidemiological and clinical features of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) in Chinese patients.

Methods: We identified reports on Chinese patients with BHDS by searching the China Academic Journals Database, Wanfang Chinese Database, and PubMed databases, either in Chinese or English languages published from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2020. Studies without sufficient clinical data were excluded and cases under 18 years old were excluded. Read More

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Nomogram model to predict pneumothorax after computed tomography-guided coaxial core needle lung biopsy.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Jul 2;140:109749. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To develop a predictive model to determine risk factors of pneumothorax in patients undergoing the computed tomography (CT)-guided coaxial core needle lung biopsy (CCNB).

Methods: A total of 489 patients who underwent CCNBs with an 18-gauge coaxial core needle were retrospectively included. Patient characteristics, primary pulmonary disease, target lesion image characteristics and biopsy-related variables were evaluated as potential risk factors of pneumothorax which was determined on the chest X-ray and CT scans. Read More

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Thoracic Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography of Primary Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in Children: Evaluation of Characteristic Extravascular Findings.

J Thorac Imaging 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Departments of Radiology Cardiology Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the extravascular thoracic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography findings of pediatric primary pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) by comparing extravascular thoracic MDCT angiography findings in children with and without PVS.

Materials And Methods: All pediatric patients (age 18 y and below) with a known diagnosis of primary PVS, confirmed by echocardiogram and/or conventional angiography, who underwent thoracic MDCT angiography studies from July 2006 to December 2020 were included. A comparison group, comprised of age-matched and sex-matched pediatric patients without PVS who underwent thoracic MDCT angiography studies during the same study period, was also generated. Read More

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[Surgical Resection of the Rib Fragment to Prevent Lung Injury in a Patient with Chest Trauma:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 May;74(5):397-400

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan.

An 82-year old man was admitted for a left fifth rib fracture with traumatic pneumothorax. Computed tomography showed a sharp rib fragment protruding into the thoracic cavity. Thoracic drainage was not performed before surgery to avoid lung injury by the rib fragment. Read More

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Lung Ultrasound: The Essentials.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2021 Apr 29;3(2):e200564. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Departments of Imaging Sciences (T.J.M., D.J.R., Y.T.Z., K.A.K.J.), Medicine (J.W., W.H.N.), and Emergency Medicine (T.P.O.), University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 655, Rochester, NY 14642.

Although US of the lungs is increasingly used clinically, diagnostic radiologists are not routinely trained in its use and interpretation. Lung US is a highly sensitive and specific modality that aids in the evaluation of the lungs for many different abnormalities, including pneumonia, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, and pneumothorax. This review provides an overview of lung US to equip the diagnostic radiologist with knowledge needed to interpret this increasingly used modality. Read More

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Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor of the Kidney With Mainly Pulmonary Symptoms by F-FDG PET/CT.

Urology 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, PR China; Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Luzhou, Sichuan, PR China; Academician (Expert) Workstation of Sichuan Province. Electronic address:

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare malignancy believed to originate from the serous membranes and it is highly aggressive with 5-year overall survival of 18.4%. Only a small number of DSRCT cases have been documented. Read More

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Artificial pneumothorax improves radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma close to mediastinum.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 6;21(1):505. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Interventional Oncology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, China.

Background: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of pulmonary metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) contiguous with the mediastinum using the artificial pneumothorax technique.

Method: A total of 40 lesions in 32 patients with pulmonary metastases from HCC contiguous with the mediastinum accepted RFA treatment from August 2014 to May 2018 via the artificial pneumothorax technique. After ablation, clinical outcomes were followed up by contrast enhanced CT. Read More

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Development of a risk prediction model of pneumothorax in percutaneous computed tomography guided transthoracic needle lung biopsy.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Radiology, Ballarat Base Hospital, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of and the risk factors for pneumothorax and intercostal catheter insertion (ICC) after CT-guided lung biopsy and to generate a risk prediction model for developing a pneumothorax and requiring an ICC.

Methods: 255 CT-guided lung biopsies performed for 249 lesions in 249 patients from August 2014 to August 2019 were retrospectively analysed using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Risk prediction models were established using backward stepwise variable selection and likelihood ratio tests and were internally validated using split-sample methods. Read More

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A COVID-19 Patient Presenting with Pneumothorax.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 14;2021:6652819. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Namazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel virus that has affected millions of individuals across the world. It was officially declared as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Although most patients with COVID-19 manifest as viral pneumonia characterized by symptoms such as fever, dyspnea, and cough, atypical presentations such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and acute kidney or cardiac injury have been reported amongst COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Radial probe endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial lung biopsy for the diagnosis of cavitary peripheral pulmonary lesions.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 4;12(11):1735-1742. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Pulmonology and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University and Respiratory Center, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, South Korea.

Background: Cavitary peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) are often diagnosed via transthoracic needle biopsy. However, today, radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS) is widely used to diagnose PPLs. The efficacy and safety of RP-EBUS-guided transbronchial lung biopsy (RP-EBUS-TBLB) used to diagnose cavitary PPLs remain poorly known. Read More

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Pneumothorax Following Acupuncture.

Cureus 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14207. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Emergency Medicine, Saint John Regional Hospital, Saint John, CAN.

Pneumothorax, the accumulation of air between the visceral and parietal pleurae, represents a potentially serious cause of chest pain in patients presenting to the emergency department. While there are known risk factors for spontaneous pneumothorax, in rare cases dry needling and acupuncture, forms of complementary and alternative medicine, have been known to result in pneumothorax. We present a case of a 38-year-old healthy female who presented with acute onset of pleuritic chest pain to the Emergency Department. Read More

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Spinal cord injury by direct damage during trigger point injection: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211012367

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Republic of Korea.

Trigger point injection (TPI) is commonly administered for myofascial pain syndrome management, but occasionally leads to complications, including bleeding, muscle hematoma, vasovagal syncope, skin infections, and pneumothorax. This report presents a case of TPI-induced iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI). A 59-year-old woman received TPI for myofascial pain on both thoracolumbar paraspinal muscles. Read More

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