25,605 results match your criteria Pneumothorax Iatrogenic Spontaneous and Pneumomediastinum


Local Recurrence After Microwave Ablation of Lung Malignancies: A Systematic Review.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Microwave ablation is a therapeutic option for patients with lung malignancies who are not surgical candidates. However, reports on local recurrence have been limited to small case series or retrospective reports. This review was conducted to synthesize the evidence regarding local recurrence and adverse events after microwave ablation for primary non-small cell lung cancer or pulmonary metastases. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Uniportal triportal video-assisted thoracic surgery in the treatment of primary pneumothorax-a propensity matched bicentric study.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3712-S3719

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A. Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The role of triportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is widely recognized for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and the potential advantages of uniportal VATS (U-VATS) for the treatment of PSP compared with triportal VATS.

Methods: A total of 104 triportal (n=39) and uniportal (n=65) VATS procedures where performed for the treatment of PSP in two University hospitals. Read More

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November 2018

An unusual complication of pigtail catheter insertion.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5964-5967

Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, USA.

Thoracostomy tubes are indicated for management of air or fluid in the pleural cavity. Pigtail catheters have emerged as an effective and less morbid alternative to traditional large bore chest tubes for evacuation of pleural air or fluid. However, they do not come without complications which commonly include pneumothorax and hemothorax. Read More

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October 2018

X-ray indices of chest drain malposition after insertion for drainage of pneumothorax in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5695-5701

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, 1 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chest drain (CD) migration in the pleural cavity may result in inadequate drainage of pneumothorax. The aim of this study was to assess several parameters that might help in diagnosing CD migration on chest X-ray (CXR).

Methods: Patients with a CD inserted from the safe triangle with a subsequent supine CXR and CT scan performed less than 24 hours apart were assessed for CD foreshortening, angle of inclination of the CD, and CD tortuosity. Read More

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October 2018

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

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December 2018

Combined Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Lung Resection in Patients with Lung Cancer Accompanied by Coronary Artery Disease.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep-Oct;33(5):483-489

Yuzuncu Yil University School of Medicine Gaziosmanpasa Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Optimal surgical approach for the treatment of resectable lung cancer accompanied by coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a contentious issue. In this study, we present our cases that were operated simultaneously for concurrent lung cancer and CAD.

Methods: Simultaneous off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCABG) and lung resection were performed on 10 patients in our clinic due to lung cancer accompanied by CAD. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

A pathology not be overlooked in blunt chest trauma: Analysis of 181 patients with bilateral pneumothorax.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):521-527

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.

Background: Bilateral pneumothorax (BPTx) can become tension PTx and a cause of mortality, especially in severe multi-trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, morbidity, mortality, and associated factors of BPTx in multi-trauma patients in order to highlight the importance of the management of these cases, as well as complications, morbidity, and mortality.

Methods: The data of 181 patients with BPTx, from a total of 3782 trauma patients, were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Ultrasound-Guided axillary venous access for pediatric and adult congenital lead implantation.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY.

Background: Axillary venous access with ultrasound guidance for pediatric transvenous lead implantation may reduce risks for pneumothorax and hemothorax. The objective was to retrospectively evaluate ultrasound-guided axillary vein access as an alternative to the subclavian approach.

Methods: The technique consists of ultrasonographic identification of the axillary vein at the delto-pectoral groove after initial contrast venography. Read More

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December 2018

Postoperative chest radiograph after open reduction internal fixation of clavicle fractures: a necessary practice?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Orthopaedics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Hypothesis/background: Iatrogenic pneumothorax is a rare but serious complication of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of clavicular fractures. Many institutions use postoperative chest radiographs to evaluate for this complication despite a lack of data to support this routine practice. Due to concerns of radiation exposure and health care costs, this practice may not be necessary. Read More

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November 2018

Spontaneous pneumothorax resulting in tension physiology.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 24;37(1):173.e1-173.e2. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

University of Utah Health, USA.. Electronic address:

Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a relatively common pathology in emergency medicine; however, scant information is published regarding SPs developing tension physiology in the literature. Risk factors for spontaneous pneumothorax include smoking, family history, and underlying lung disease such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, among others. Treatment often involves conservative management, needle aspiration, catheter placement, or tube thoracostomy. Read More

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January 2019

Adult Langerhans' cell histiocytosis with multisystem involvement: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13366

Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH), also called histiocytosis X, is an uncommon disorder manifesting in a variety of ways. Although LCH can involve various organs including bone, skin, and lymph nodes, multisystem involvement of LCH is rare in adults.

Patient Concerns: A 31-year-old woman first presented to our hospital with left leg pain. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Surgical Treatment of Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Pleural Abrasion or Pleurectomy?

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

Purpose: A primary spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that occurs predominantly in young and thin male individuals who do not have any history of underlying lung disease. Various techniques such as pleural abrasion and pleurectomy are used to reduce the recurrence rate, but there exists no consensus among surgeons on which surgical technique offers the lowest risk of recurrence.We aimed to compare the efficiency and recurrence risk of pleural abrasion and pleurectomy methods in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax undergoing a wedge resection for the bulleous part of the paranchyme. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Erector spinae plane block: A new indication with a new approach and a recommendation to reduce the risk of pneumothorax.

J Clin Anesth 2018 Nov 26;54:130-131. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kocaeli University, School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.

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November 2018

Comparison of two iodine-125 brachytherapy implant techniques for the treatment of lung tumor: Preplanning and intraoperative planning.

Brachytherapy 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Cancer Therapy and Research Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong University, Jinan, PR China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare preplanning and intraoperative planning methods of lung tumor brachytherapy based on postimplant CT images and dosimetric outcomes.

Methods And Materials: Detailed postimplant evaluations of iodine-125 seed implants were performed in 15 patients using a preplanning technique and in 15 patients treated with an intraoperative planning technique. The implant details, dosimetric parameters, and implant quality indices were compared. Read More

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October 2018

Autologous Blood Patch Injection versus Hydrogel Plug in CT-guided Lung Biopsy: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

Radiology 2018 Nov 27:181140. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

From the Departments of Radiology (M.M., N.M., K.T.B., C.L.Z., M.J., C.I.G., C.T.S., J.P.E., A.M.C., L.A.B., H.Y., A.R.D., Y.B., W.A., R.H.S., J.C.D., A.J.G., E.Z., F.E.B., S.B.S.) and Epidemiology and Biostatistics (C.S.M., M.H.), Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, M276C, New York, NY 10065.

Purpose To compare the effect of autologous blood patch injection (ABPI) with that of a hydrogel plug on the rate of pneumothorax at CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. Materials and Methods In this prospective randomized controlled trial ( https://ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT02224924), a noninferiority design was used for ABPI, with a 10% noninferiority margin when compared with the hydrogel plug, with the primary outcome of pneumothorax rate within 2 hours of biopsy. Read More

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November 2018

General features of patients with Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis followed in our instution.

Tuberk Toraks 2018 Sep;66(3):205-211

Clinic of Chest Diseases, Istanbul Yedikule Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare disease affecting young smokers. It is more common between the ages of 20-40 and equals the male/female ratio. Lung biopsy is the most useful methods for diagnosis. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

[Clinical efficacy of nasal high-frequency ventilation in treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: a Meta analysis].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;20(11):897-903

Department of Neonatology, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518020, China.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of nasal high-frequency ventilation (nHFV) in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).

Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBase (Ovid), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Data to collect the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the clinical efficacy of nHFV and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in the treatment of NRDS. A Meta analysis was performed on the included RCTs using Rev Man 5. Read More

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November 2018

[Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A rare cause of bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax in young woman].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Département de chirurgie thoracique, CHU Hassan II, Fés, Maroc; Faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Fés, Maroc.

Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis is an orphan disease of the young woman. Its clinical manifestations are mainly respiratory, including spontaneous pneumothorax. The management is multidisciplinary. Read More

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November 2018

Does pigtail catheters relieve pneumothorax?: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13255

Background: Pigtail catheter drainage has been usually applied for the treatment of pleural effusion and pneumothorax. Our aim was to investigate the application and efficacy of pigtail catheters for pneumothorax.

Methods: We carried out a meta-analysis of retro- or pro-spective studies addressing the effect of pigtail catheters for pneumothorax. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Automated detection of moderate and large pneumothorax on frontal chest X-rays using deep convolutional neural networks: A retrospective study.

PLoS Med 2018 Nov 20;15(11):e1002697. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: Pneumothorax can precipitate a life-threatening emergency due to lung collapse and respiratory or circulatory distress. Pneumothorax is typically detected on chest X-ray; however, treatment is reliant on timely review of radiographs. Since current imaging volumes may result in long worklists of radiographs awaiting review, an automated method of prioritizing X-rays with pneumothorax may reduce time to treatment. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Clinical presentation and treatment of catameinal pneumothorax and endometriosis-related pneumothorax.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2018 Nov 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

a Thoracic surgery department, Paris center hospitals , University Paris Descartes, APHP , Paris , France.

Introduction: Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is defined as a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax occurring in females of reproductive age. In the 'perimenstrual period,' it is still considered relatively rare although accounting for 20-35% of spontaneous pneumothoraces occurring in premenopausal women. It is the most frequent manifestation of thoracic endometriosis, which can also cause pneumothorax during the intermenstrual period (TER non-CP). Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Pneumothorax catamenial: results of 18 cases operas].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 25;30:168. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

This study aims to propose a therapeutic approach for catamenial pneumothorax based on outcomes reported in 18 cases. We conducted a retrospective study of 18 female elderly patients with an average age of 32.2 years who had undergone surgery for right (16 cases) and bilateral catamenial pneumothorax (2 cases) from January 1994 to December 2016. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Consider Conservative Approach Rather Than Intervening in Moderate to Large Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

Ann Emerg Med 2018 Dec;72(6):731-732

Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

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December 2018

[Preoperative Computed Tomography-guided Microcoil Localization for Multiple Small Lung Nodules before Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery].

Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 2018 Nov;21(11):857-863

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, Beijing 100076, China.

Background: Localization of multiple small lung nodules is the technical difficulty of minimally invasive operation resection. However, there are few clinical studies on the preoperative localization of multiple small lung nodules. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical value of preoperative computed tomography (CT) guided microcoil localization for multiple small lung nodules compared with single small lung nodule before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Recruitment manoeuvres for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving mechanical ventilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Crit Care 2018 Nov 3;50:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100020, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) would decrease 28-day mortality of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) compared with standard care.

Materials And Methods: Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published prior to April 26, 2018 were systematically searched. The primary outcome was mortality. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM).

J Ultrason 2018 ;18(74):198-206

Department of Econometrics at the Faculty of Management, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for the use of lung ultrasound in internal medicine, based on reliable data and expert opinions. Methods: The bibliography from the databases (Pubmed, Medline, OVID, Embase) has been fully reviewed up to August 2017. Members of the expert group assessed the credibility of the literature data. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Renal tumor biopsies are associated with a low complication rate.

Scand J Urol 2018 Nov 18:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

a Department of Urology , Zealand University Hospital , Roskilde , Denmark.

Background: Due to the high incidence of benign lesions in renal masses, numerous studies have been performed to clarify the value of core needle biopsies. The aim of the present study was to describe the complication rate after renal tumor biopsies (RTB), in order to make recommendations on observation after the procedure.

Materials And Methods: Data from all patients who underwent percutaneous ultrasound-guided RTB between February 2013 and October 2016 due to CT verified solid renal masses were prospectively collected and kept in a well-maintained database. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Complications related to endoscopic lung volume reduction for emphysema with endobronchial valves: results of a multicenter study.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(Suppl 27):S3315-S3325

Thoracic Surgery Unit, Università La Sapienza, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Background: Despite bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) with valves is a minimally invasive treatment for emphysema, it can associate with some complications. We aimed at evaluating the rate and type of complications related to valve treatment and their impact on clinical outcomes.

Methods: It is a retrospective multicenter study including all consecutive patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema undergoing BLVR with endobronchial valve treatment and developed any complications related to this procedure. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

[Clinical Assessment of Spontaneous Hemopneumothorax].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Nov;71(12):995-997

Department of Emergency Medicine, Okazaki City Hospital, Okazaki, Japan.

We experienced 25 cases of spontaneous hemopneumothorax, in which 9 were defined as occult cases on chest X-ray at the time of visit. All 9 cases visited our hospital within 12 hours after the onset. Of these, 5 were done chest computed tomography (CT) and 3 could be diagnosed as hemopneumothorax. Read More

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November 2018

Local control, safety, and survival following image-guided percutaneous microwave thermal ablation in primary lung malignancy.

Clin Radiol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Radiology, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Oxford, OX3 7LJ, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: To determine local control, safety, and survival following percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided high-power microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of primary lung malignancy at a single institution.

Material And Methods: From July 2010 to June 2016, 52 patients (mean age 76.3 years, range 55-91 years) with 61 unresectable primary lung cancers of mean diameter 23. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Traumatic Airway Injuries: Role of Imaging.

Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Radiology and Department of Surgery, JPN Apex trauma Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Airway Injuries are rare but often immediately life threatening. Incidence ranges from 0.5-2 % in blunt and 1-6 % in penetrating trauma. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

The effects of low suction on digital drainage devices after lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: The optimal level of suction on digital chest drainage devices after lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is unknown and varies between thoracic centres. In this randomized controlled trial, we assessed the potential benefits of low suction of -2 cmH2O compared to -10 cmH2O, using a digital drainage device.

Methods: Two hundred and twenty-eight patients were randomized into 2 groups after VATS lobectomy for suspected or confirmed lung cancer. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Postoperative pulmonary complications following posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion for congenital scoliosis.

PLoS One 2018 16;13(11):e0207657. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: Congenital scoliosis (CS) may lead to more serious pulmonary complications compared with idiopathic scoliosis after spinal fusion surgery. However, little has been reported about postoperative pulmonary complication events in patients with CS after spinal fusion surgery.

Objective: To investigate the incidence of and predictive factors of postoperative pulmonary complications following posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion surgery for the treatment of CS. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The Effect of Using Different Types of Forceps in the Efficacy of Transbronchial Lung Biopsy.

Lung 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBBX) is a common respiratory diagnostic procedure performed to investigate several lung diseases. There are different types of forceps used to perform this procedure. The alligator and cupped (oval) forceps are most commonly used ones. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Safety and Tolerability of Vacuum Versus Manual Drainage During Thoracentesis: A Randomized Trial.

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine.

Background: Pleural effusions may be aspirated manually or via vacuum during thoracentesis. This study compares the safety, pain level, and time involved in these techniques.

Methods: We randomized 100 patients receiving ultrasound-guided unilateral thoracentesis in an academic medical center from December 2015 through September 2017 to either vacuum or manual drainage. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Incidence of perianaesthetic complications experienced during feline bronchoscopy: a retrospective study.

J Feline Med Surg 2018 Nov 15:1098612X18811167. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Bristol, Langford Veterinary Services, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the incidence of anaesthetic complications associated with feline bronchoscopy.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of anaesthetic records and electronic case logs of feline bronchoscopies at two university hospitals (centres B and L) between January 2013 and December 2015. A two-tailed Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of variables and outcomes between centres. Read More

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November 2018

Non-insidious Large Joint Manifestation of Severe Cachectic Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Cureus 2018 Sep 7;10(9):e3266. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Roslyn, USA.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which constitutional symptoms typically occur before joint swelling becomes a true clinical phenomenon. Weight loss, although common, is generally mild in nature and occurs after long standing inflammation. While large joints do become inflamed, RA has a much stronger predilection for the small joints. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

A Case of Pseudo-pneumothorax with Complications.

Cureus 2018 Sep 6;10(9):e3263. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Anesthesia Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation - Fairview Hospital, Cleveland, USA.

Pseudo-pneumothorax occurs after inappropriately diagnosing a pneumothorax based on a chest X-ray. This can be attributed to skin folds, bed sheets, previous pneumothorax, heating blankets, clothes, and other circumstances that may mimic the radiographic findings of a pneumothorax. We present a case where a patient underwent a tube thoracostomy due to the diagnosis of a pneumothorax that was not, in fact, present. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Sex Differences in Mortality and Morbidity of Infants Born at Less Than 30 Weeks' Gestation.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 14;142(6). Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Vermont Oxford Network, Burlington, Vermont; and.

Objective: To examine whether changes in mortality and morbidities have benefited male more than female infants.

Methods: Infants of gestational ages 22 to 29 weeks born between January 2006 and December 2016 at a Vermont Oxford Network center in the United States were studied. We examined mortality and morbidity rate differences and 95% confidence intervals by sex and birth year. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Peripheral tumour targeting using open-source virtual bronchoscopy with electromagnetic tracking: a multi-user pre-clinical study.

Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 2018 Nov 15:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

a School of Engineering , University College Cork , Cork , Ireland.

Objectives: The goal was to demonstrate the utility of open-source tracking and visualisation tools in the targeting of lung cancer.

Material And Methods: The study demonstrates the first deployment of the Anser electromagnetic (EM) tracking system with the CustusX image-guided interventional research platform to navigate using an endobronchial catheter to injected tumour targets. Live animal investigations validated the deployment and targeting of peripheral tumour models using an innovative tumour marking routine. Read More

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November 2018

Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy as a Guidance Tool for Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsies in Interstitial Lung Disorder.

Respiration 2018 Nov 14:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The

Background: Transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) of the lung parenchyma is a minimally invasive alternative for surgical lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients. Drawbacks are the nondiagnostic rate and complication risk of pneumothorax and bleeding. Fluoroscopy is the current guidance tool for TBCB, which is limited by 2D imaging and a radiation dose for the patient. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Indications, clinical outcomes and complications of 1,949 flexible bronchoscopies.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2018 Nov 8;16(4):eAO4380. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To describe indications, clinical outcomes and complications of flexible bronchoscopy.

Methods: A descriptive observational study of bronchoscopies performed at the endoscopy service of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein . Demographic (age, gender and origin) and medical (indications and results of endoscopy and diagnostic tests, such as biopsy collection, lavage, cytology and culture) data were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

[CME: Significance of Thoracic Sonography in Thoracic Trauma].

Authors:
Susanne Morf

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2018 Nov;107(23):1243-1248

1 Institut für klinische Notfallmedizin, Spital Limmattal.

CME: Significance of Thoracic Sonography in Thoracic Trauma Abstract. Trauma patients should be treated according to international guidelines. Depending on the severity of the trauma, an immediate threat to life must be ruled out and sonography is part of the complementation of diagnostics. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Spontaneous pneumothorax and lung emphysema in cannabis users].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Unité de recherche clinique, centre hospitalier Henri-Laborit, université de Poitiers, 370, avenue Jacques-Cœur, CS 10587, 86021 Poitiers cedex, France.

Introduction: If pulmonary complications of tobacco smoking are well documented, those associated with cannabis use are less known.

Objectives: Systematic literature review of data on pneumothorax and lung emphysema in cannabis users.

Documentary Sources: Medline, on the period 1980-2018 with the following keywords cannabis or marijuana and pneumothorax or emphysema, limits "title/abstract". Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Modified Uniportal Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery Versus Three-Port Approach for Lung Nodule Biopsy in Pediatric Cancer Patients.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

1 Department of Surgery, St Jude Children's Research Hospital , Memphis, Tennessee.

Background: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is gaining popularity among thoracic surgeons, but the limited space in the thorax of children makes uniportal VATS difficult to perform. The purpose of this study was to evaluate procedural and outcome differences between a modified uniportal VATS (MU-VATS) and three-port VATS (TP-VATS) for peripheral lung nodule biopsy in pediatric cancer patients.

Materials And Methods: This is an Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective analysis of all consecutive MU-VATS and TP-VATS peripheral lung nodule biopsies performed at a single institution between June 2014 and December 2016. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparison of additional minocycline versus iodopovidone pleurodesis during video-assisted thoracoscopic bleb resection for primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a propensity score-matched analysis.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Sep;10(9):5443-5448

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The optimal chemical agent for additional pleurodesis during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) bleb resection in primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) remains controversial. We compared the efficacy and safety of iodopovidone with those of minocycline for additional chemical pleurodesis during VATS bleb resection.

Methods: Of 332 patients who underwent VATS bleb resection, 299 patients diagnosed with PSP were enrolled in this study. Read More

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September 2018

Thoracic ultrasound versus artificial pneumothorax in complications of medical thoracoscopy-a propensity score matching analysis.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Sep;10(9):5269-5274

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Background: Evaluation and location of the approaches is the key step of medical thoracoscopy. The previous standard for the step in many countries is artificial pneumothorax (AP). Recently, thoracic ultrasound (TU) has been considered as one of the choices for the development of technology. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Near-fatal presentation of bilateral pneumothorax in cutis laxa patient: Case report, and review of the literature.

Ann Thorac Med 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):254-256

Department of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by a loose, wrinkled, and inelastic skin. Here, we report an unusual presentation in a 15-year-old male patient who is a known patient of CL who presented with bilateral pneumothorax. He was successfully managed initially by chest tube insertion and then he was treated surgically with bilateral staged thoracoscopy, apical bullectomy, and pleurodesis with full uneventful recovery. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads