29,875 results match your criteria Pneumothorax


Allogenic blood patch pleurodesis for management of pneumothorax in a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy with multiple pulmonary blebs and bullae.

J Vet Intern Med 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

A 9-week-old male intact Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was presented for evaluation of acute onset dyspnea caused by left-sided pneumothorax. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) identified multiple pulmonary bullae and blebs in multiple lung lobes. Rupture of ≥1 pulmonary blebs or bullae, precipitated by low impact trauma, was the suspected cause of pneumothorax. Read More

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Case report: anaesthetic and surgical management of a diaphragmatic rupture with tension pneumothorax and iatrogenic bowel perforation in an undiagnosed Bochdalek hernia patient.

BMC Anesthesiol 2022 Jun 24;22(1):195. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Anaesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Block 5 Level 2, Outram Road, Singapore, 169608, Singapore.

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic defects are rare, with most cases presenting in childhood. Diagnosis in adulthood is usually incidental or when symptoms develop. We present a case of a strangulated Bochdalek hernia complicated by possible tension pneumothorax and iatrogenic bowel injury in a healthy young male. Read More

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Detection and semiquantification of pneumothorax through lung ultrasound: case report of a COVID-19 patient.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Servicio de Cirugía Torácica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

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Pyo pneumothorax revealing splenic tuberculosis abscess in a COVID-19 femmal: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 16;96:107312. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Thoracic Surgery Department, Abderahmen Mami University Hospital, Ariana, Tunisia; Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia.

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Quantification of Pneumothorax Volume on Chest X-Ray: A More Accurate Index Based On Measurements Made With 3D-printed Models.

J Thorac Imaging 2022 Jul 6;37(4):262-268. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Departments of Thoracic Surgery.

Purpose: Owing to the extent of lung collapse estimated on chest radiograph it is still the complementary test most commonly used in the management of patients with pneumothorax. There are several indices to assess the extent of lung collapse. The objective of this study was to develop a more accurate index, using the 3D printing technology. Read More

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It Is Not a Boerhaave! A Case of Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

Cureus 2022 May 21;14(5):e25191. Epub 2022 May 21.

Internal Medicine, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, USA.

Spontaneous pneumothorax is a pneumothorax that is not caused by trauma or an apparent precipitating factor. This report presents a case of a 91-year-old man with no history of lung disease who developed pneumothorax after two days of persistent nausea and vomiting. He was misdiagnosed as a case of Boerhaave's syndrome. Read More

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Transbronchial Cryobiopsy Compared to Forceps Biopsy for Diagnosis of Acute Cellular Rejection in Lung Transplants: Analysis of 63 Consecutive Procedures.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 15;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pulmonology, Center of Lung Transplantation, Center of Adult Cystic Fibrosis, Interventional Lung Center, University Hospital Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a complication after lung transplantation (LTx). The diagnosis of ACR is based on histologic findings using transbronchial forceps biopsy (FB). However, its diagnostic accuracy is limited because of the small biopsy size and crush artifacts. Read More

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COVID-19 on Chest CT: Translating Known Microscopic Findings to Imaging Observations.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Purpose: To describe the imaging findings of COVID-19 and correlate them with their known pathology observations.

Methods: This is an IRB-approved retrospective study performed at Columbia University Irving Medical Center () that included symptomatic adult patients (21 years or older) who presented to our emergency room and tested positive for COVID-19 and were either admitted or discharged with at least one chest CT from 11 March 2020 through 1 July 2020. CT scans were ordered by the physicians caring for the patients; our COVID-19 care protocols did not specify the timing for chest CT scans. Read More

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CardioNet: Automatic Semantic Segmentation to Calculate the Cardiothoracic Ratio for Cardiomegaly and Other Chest Diseases.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Unmanned Vehicle Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea.

Semantic segmentation for diagnosing chest-related diseases like cardiomegaly, emphysema, pleural effusions, and pneumothorax is a critical yet understudied tool for identifying the chest anatomy. A dangerous disease among these is cardiomegaly, in which sudden death is a high risk. An expert medical practitioner can diagnose cardiomegaly early using a chest radiograph (CXR). Read More

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Lung Sonography in Critical Care Medicine.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 6;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

During the last five decades, lung sonography has developed into a core competency of intensive care medicine. It is a highly accurate bedside tool, with clear diagnostic criteria for most causes of respiratory failure (pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and pleural effusion). It helps in distinguishing a hypovolemic from a cardiogenic, obstructive, or distributive shock. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Report of a Multicenter Study in Japan.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital, Izumi 594-1101, Japan.

Background: Treatment modalities for neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have greatly improved in recent years, with a concomitant increase in survival. However, long-term outcomes restrict the identification of optimal care pathways for CDH survivors in adolescence and adulthood. Therefore, we evaluated the long-term outcomes within the Japanese CDH Study Group (JCDHSG). Read More

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The clinical effectiveness of the STUMBL score for the management of ED patients with blunt chest trauma compared to clinical evaluation alone.

Intern Emerg Med 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Emergency Medicine Research Group, Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK.

The STUMBL (STUdy of the Management of BLunt chest wall trauma) score is a new prognostic score to assist ED (Emergency Department) decision making in the management of blunt chest trauma. This is a retrospective cohort chart review study conducted in a UK University Hospital ED seeing 120,000 patients a year, comparing its performance characteristics to ED clinician judgement. All blunt chest trauma patients that presented to our ED over a 6-month period were included. Read More

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Complications After Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Pulmonary Nodules: A Population-Level Retrospective Cohort Analysis.

J Am Coll Radiol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Senior Director, Lung Cancer Initiative, Johnson & Johnson Enterprise Innovation, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Objective: To provide recent population-based estimates of transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) complications and risk factors associated with these complications.

Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis included adults from a nationally representative longitudinal insurance claims data set who underwent TTNB in 2017 or 2018. Complications that were evaluated included pneumothorax, hemorrhage, and air embolism. Read More

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Scientific Evidence about the Risks of Micro and Nanoplastics (MNPLs) to Human Health and Their Exposure Routes through the Environment.

Toxics 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Laboratory of Experimental and Environmental Pathology-LIM05, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 01246-000, Brazil.

Nowadays, a large amount and variety of plastic is being produced and consumed by human beings on an enormous scale. Microplastics and nanoplastics (MNPLs) have become ubiquitous since they can be found in many ecosystem components. Plastic particles can be found in soil, water, and air. Read More

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Comparison of the outcome of emergency endotracheal intubation in the general ward, intensive care unit and emergency department.

Biomed J 2021 Dec 27;44(6S1):S110-S118. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, Xiamen Chang Gung Hospital, Xiamen, China. Electronic address:

Background: Emergency endotracheal intubations outside the operating room (OR) are associated with high complications. We compare the outcome of emergency endotracheal intubation in the general ward, the intensive care unit (ICU) and the emergency department (ED).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed adult patients requiring emergency endotracheal intubation that called for anesthesiologists at our tertiary care institution from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016. Read More

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December 2021

Thickened parietal pleural covering in intractable pneumothorax: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 16;78:103792. Epub 2022 May 16.

Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: Choosing the optimal surgical approach for intractable pneumothorax can be challenging for surgeons.

Case Presentation: A case describing the management of intractable pneumothorax has been presented.

Clinical Discussion: Resection is not suitable in a stiff lung from repeated pleurodesis, and multiple air leakage points would make it more intricate. Read More

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Pleurisy with pneumothorax due to CAM-resistant MAC lung disease.

Respirol Case Rep 2022 Jul 14;10(7):e0993. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Shuuwa General Hospital Saitama Japan.

A 72-year-old man received rifampicin, ethambutol and sitafloxacin to treat clarithromycin (CAM)-resistant complex (MAC) lung disease. He was admitted because of fever. Pneumothorax and pleural effusion were present in the right lung, and a new consolidation appeared in the right upper lobe. Read More

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A 22-year history of treating intentional falls from the Golden Gate Bridge at Marin Health Medical Center.

Surg Open Sci 2022 Jul 21;9:91-93. Epub 2022 May 21.

Marin Health Medical Center (MHMC), Greenbrae, CA.

Background: The historical mortality rate after falling from the Golden Gate Bridge has been approximately 98%. We report on 14 recent survivors treated at Marin Health Medical Center.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the 22-year experience of treating patients after Golden Gate Bridge falls. Read More

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Simultaneous Spontaneous Bilateral Tension Pneumothorax Post COVID-19 Infection: A Case Study.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25107. Epub 2022 May 18.

General and Vascular Surgery, Summit Healthcare Regional Hospital, Show Low, USA.

Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax is a rare life-threatening condition that can cause severe respiratory distress, hypoxemia, and death. Spontaneous pneumothorax has been reported as an uncommon but severe complication in patients recovering from COVID-19 pneumonia. Even fewer cases of spontaneous bilateral tension pneumothorax have been reported as a result of infection. Read More

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Management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax: don't hesitate, ambulate!

Thorax 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Amsterdam UMC Locatie VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

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Treatment of a pneumatocele in a COVID-19 patient with endobronchial valves.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 21;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

A man in his 40s was admitted to his local hospital 6 days after the first vague symptoms of COVID-19. His general condition deteriorated, and he was treated in the intensive care unit but did not require mechanical ventilation. During his recovery, he experienced a cough spell, after which his dyspnoea recurred and rapidly increased. Read More

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Iatrogenic canalization of the right pulmonary artery after percutaneous chest tube insertion in a patient with pneumothorax.

Med Intensiva (Engl Ed) 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Departamento de Cirugía Torácica, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Spain.

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Diagnostic performance of artificial intelligence approved for adults for the interpretation of pediatric chest radiographs.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10215. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science and Center for Clinical Imaging Data Science, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 363, Dongbaekjukjeon-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 16995, Republic of Korea.

Artificial intelligence (AI) applied to pediatric chest radiographs are yet scarce. This study evaluated whether AI-based software developed for adult chest radiographs can be used for pediatric chest radiographs. Pediatric patients (≤ 18 years old) who underwent chest radiographs from March to May 2021 were included retrospectively. Read More

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The safety profile of a protocolized transbronchial cryobiopsy program utilizing a 2.4 mm cryoprobe for interstitial lung disease.

Respir Med 2022 Jun 6;200:106913. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Medicine, USA; Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care Medicine, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology, USA.

Introduction: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) has emerged as a promising alternative to surgical lung biopsy for the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease. However, uncertainty remains regarding its overall complications due to a lack of procedural standardization including the size of cryoprobe utilized.

Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of a protocolized transbronchial cryobiopsy program utilizing a 2. Read More

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Hybrid CT-angiography (Angio-CT) for combined CT and fluoroscopic procedures in interventional radiology enhances utilization.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Section of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, The University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 S. Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

Purpose: To investigate the utilization of an angiography-CT (Angio-CT) system and its advantages for single patient encounters.

Methods: Interventions utilizing both CT and fluoroscopy to perform multiple procedures in a single encounter or single interventions using both were identified. Cases were stratified by complexity (defined by RVUs). Read More

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Clinical Practices in Central Venous Catheter Mechanical Adverse Events.

J Intensive Care Med 2022 Jun 20:8850666221076798. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Over 5 million central venous catheters (CVCs) are placed annually. Pneumothorax and catheter malpositioning are common adverse events (AE) that requires attention. This study aims to evaluate local practices of mechanical complication frequency, type, and subsequent intervention(s) related to mechanical AE with an emphasis on catheter malpositioning. Read More

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A novel video-assisted thoracoscopic approach for pectus excavatum surgical treatment in a dog.

Vet Surg 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Eastcott Referrals, Edison Park, Swindon, UK.

Objective: To describe a novel, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach used to treat pectus excavatum (PE) in a dog.

Animals: A 5 month-old, 5.1 kg, intact, female, Cockapoo. Read More

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Recurrent pneumothorax in a patient with liposarcoma as either a complication of lung micrometastasis or a potential adverse event from antibiotic therapy: A case report.

Oncol Lett 2022 Jul 12;24(1):202. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Romagnolo per lo Studio dei Tumori (IRST) 'Dino Amadori', I-47014 Meldola, Italy.

Spontaneous pneumothorax (PNX) is an infrequent manifestation of primary lung cancer, soft tissue sarcoma and metastasis. There are no easily accessible data in the literature regarding the correlation between PNX and antibiotics, whereas cases of PNX following chemotherapy have been observed. Only 1-10% of treatment-related adverse events are estimated to be reported to the Food and Drug Administration. Read More

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Clinical Profile of Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection Developing Pulmonary Barotrauma on Mechanical Ventilation.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 May;26(5):613-618

Sir HN Medical Research Society, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: There is limited information on clinical profile and outcomes of patients on mechanical ventilation (MV) who developed pulmonary barotrauma (PBT) in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection.

Patients And Methods: In a retrospective observational study, all SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia patients admitted from March 28, 2020, to August 31, 2020, at Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Center and Seven Hills Hospital (Reliance Facility), Mumbai, India, of 18 years and above on MV and developed PBT, were included.

Results: A total of 14 SARS-CoV-2 patients of 45 on MV (31. Read More

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