25,721 results match your criteria Pneumothorax


Virtual Guidance of Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy with C-Arm Cone-Beam CT: Diagnostic Accuracy, Risk Factors and Effective Radiation Dose.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, "San Gerardo" Hospital, Via Pergolesi 33, 20900, Monza, MB, Italy.

Purpose: C-arm cone-beam computed tomography-guided transthoracic lung core needle biopsy (CBCT-CNB) is a safe and accurate procedure for the evaluation of patients with pulmonary nodules. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance, complication rates and effective radiation dose of CBCT-CNB with virtual guidance.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively collected data regarding 375 CBCT-CNBs performed with virtual guidance (XperGuide-Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) from January 2010 to June 2015 on 355 patients (mean age, 68. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02163-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Diagnostic yield and risk/benefit analysis of trans-bronchial lung cryobiopsy in diffuse parenchymal lung diseases: a large cohort of 699 patients.

BMC Pulm Med 2019 Jan 16;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Thoracic Diseases, G.B. Morgagni - L. Pierantoni Hospital, Via C. Forlanini 34, 47121, Forlì, FC, Italy.

Background: Standardization of trans-bronchial lung cryobiopsy in diffuse parenchymal lung diseases is imminent; however, the majority of published series on cryobiopsy include a limited number of patients and are characterized by several differences in procedural technical details.

Methods: This is an observational, retrospective cohort study. Aim of the study was to suggest some sampling strategies related to transbronchial cryobiopsy in the diagnostic work-up of patients with diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-019-0780-3DOI Listing
January 2019

[EXPERIENCE OF USE OF NEW ANTI-TUBERCULOUS DRUG, DELAMANID IN MULTI- AND EXTENSIVELY DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS CASES IN OUR HOSPITAL].

Kekkaku 2016 Nov;91(11-12):699-702

[Objective] We experienced use of new anti- tuberculous drug, Delamanid in multi- and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (M (X) DR-TB) in our hospital. [Materials and Methods] Fifteen cases who were diagnosed M(X)DR-TB had been used Delamanid in our hospital from 2014 to 2015. [Results] The gender distribution consisted of eleven males and four females in M(X)DR-TB. Read More

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November 2016

Navigational bronchoscopy at a community hospital: clinical and economic outcomes.

Lung Cancer Manag 2016 Nov 29;5(3):131-140. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Thoracic Surgery, Medical Center Boulevard, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical and financial impact of introducing electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) at a community center.

Methods: This retrospective, single-arm, single-center study evaluated 90 consecutive patients who had undergone ENB in 2012. Radial probe endobronchial ultrasound was used to localize the lesion after initial ENB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/lmt-2016-0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310312PMC
November 2016

A successful surgical repair of intraoperative pneumothorax and the diffuse dissection of visceral pleura during liver transplantation surgery via trans-diaphragmatic approach.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 14;5(1). Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Background: Pneumothorax during surgery under general anesthesia is a life-threatening situation for the patient because it can progress easily to the tension pneumothorax due to positive pressure ventilation unless appropriate treatments such as inserting a drainage tube in the thoracic cavity are initiated. The authors experienced a case of intraoperative pneumothorax and the diffuse dissection of visceral pleura during liver transplantation surgery, and achieved successful repair by a trans-diaphragmatic approach without changing patient's body position.

Case Presentation: A 66-year-old male with multiple liver and renal cysts caused by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) was admitted to the authors' hospital for treating the infection of the liver cysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0568-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Nuss procedure for patients with pectus excavatum with a history of intrathoracic surgery.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8560, Japan.

Background: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of the Nuss procedure for patients with pectus excavatum (PE) with a history of intrathoracic surgery.

Patients: From April 2010 to December 2013, we performed 6 cases of PE repair in patients with a history of intrathoracic surgery. The causes of previous operations were congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation in 4 patients and congenital diaphragmatic hernia in 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.12.027DOI Listing
December 2018

[The relationship between the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax and atmospheric pressure].

Rev Mal Respir 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Service des maladies respiratoires du CHU de Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Maroc.

Introduction: This study analyzes the relationship between the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax and atmospheric pressure.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 74 patients hospitalized for spontaneous pneumothorax in the department of respiratory diseases from the Ibn Roshd university hospital of Casablanca between January 2013 and June 2014. The value of atmospheric pressure at the time of the occurrence of pneumothorax was recorded and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2018.04.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Delayed Presentation of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

Authors:
L K Rajbanshi

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2018 Apr-Jun;16(62):199-200

Department of Anesthesia, Birat Medical College, Biratnagar, Morang.

Delayed presentation of congenital diphragmatic hernia is a rare condition which can present in later stage of life either with the nonspecific complains or acute complians of shortness of breath. The clinical features and the radiological findings can be confused with pneumothorax leading to inadvertant insertion of chest tube. Immediate and accurate diagnosis of the condition is required for the better outcome. Read More

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January 2019

Imaging of Post Transthoracic Needle Biopsy Complications.

Can Assoc Radiol J 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Medical Imaging, University of Montreal, CIUSSS du Nord-de-l'île-de-Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

When faced with characterization of a suspicious lung lesion, transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) is the standard technique used to retrieve a pathological specimen. Usual complications reported for this intervention are pneumothorax, hemorrhage, air embolism, and tumor seeding. This pictorial essay illustrates imaging of these complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carj.2018.08.006DOI Listing
January 2019

How spontaneous pneumothorax is managed in emergency departments: a French multicentre descriptive study.

BMC Emerg Med 2019 Jan 11;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

UMR 6249 Chronoenvironnement/University of Franche Comté, La Bouloie - UFR Sciences et Techniques, 16 route de Gray, 25030, Besançon cedex, France.

Background: Management of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is still subject to debate. Although encouraging results of recent studies about outpatient management with chest drains fitted with a one-way valve, no data exist concerning application of this strategy in real life conditions. We assessed how SP are managed in Emergency departments (EDs), in particular the role of outpatient management, the types of interventions and the specialty of the physicians who perform these interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12873-018-0213-2DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison between the application of microcoil and hookwire for localizing pulmonary nodules.

Eur Radiol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Radiology, Peking University People's Hospital, No. 11 Xizhimen South Avenue, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of localization of small pulmonary nodules with microcoil and hookwire prior to surgical resection.

Methods: A total of 112 patients who underwent preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided localization of small pulmonary nodules were enrolled in this single-center retrospective non-randomized cohort study between June 2016 and June 2017. Seventy-nine patients who underwent percutaneous localization with microcoils formed the microcoil group; the remaining 33 patients underwent percutaneous localization with hookwires (hookwire group). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00330-018-5939-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5939-4DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Management of computed tomography scan detected hemothorax in blunt chest trauma: What computed tomography scan measurements say?

World J Radiol 2018 Dec;10(12):184-189

Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822, United States.

Aim: To investigate the hemothorax size for which tube thoracostomy is necessary.

Methods: Over a 5-year period, we included all patients who were admitted with blunt chest trauma to our level 1 trauma center. Focus was placed on identifying the hemothorax size requiring tube thoracostomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4329/wjr.v10.i12.184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323492PMC
December 2018

Atypical presentation of a pneumothorax after eco-guided venous jugular channeling.

Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Área de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Agencia Sanitaria Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.redar.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Dominant-Current Deep Learning Scheme for Electrical Impedance Tomography.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Deep learning has recently been applied to electrical impedance tomography (EIT) imaging. Nevertheless, there are still many challenges that this approach has to face, e.g. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8606211/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2891676DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Observing Pneumothoraces: The 35 Millimeter Rule Is Safe for Both Blunt and Penetrating Chest Trauma.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.

Introduction: As more pneumothoraxes (PTX) are being identified on chest computed tomography (CT), the empiric trigger for tube thoracostomy (TT) versus observation remains unclear. We hypothesized that PTX measuring ≤35 mm on chest CT can be safely observed in both penetrating and blunt trauma mechanisms.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients diagnosed with PTX by chest CT between January 2011 and December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002192DOI Listing
January 2019

Case Image: An unusual coexistence: Spontaneous pneumopericardium and pneumothorax.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2019 Jan;47(1):81

Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu High Speciality Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5543/tkda.2018.03016DOI Listing
January 2019

CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of an osteoid osteoma of the rib.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Mar 4;14(3):400-404. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix Regional Campus, St. Joseph's Hospital & Medical Center, 350 West Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA.

An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that arises from osteoblastic dysfunction and usually presents as nonspecific, nocturnal pain located in the diaphysis of long bones, with <1% occurring in the ribs. It is most commonly treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or merely observed; when these treatments do no prove efficacious, either open surgery or interventional ablation are pursued. Herein, we report a rare case of an osteoid osteoma located in the rib of a 19-year-old male that was histologically diagnosed through computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321969PMC

A Case with Concomitant Spontaneous Tension Pneumothorax and Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Intern Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Respiratory Medicine, Nerima-Hikarigaoka Hospital, Japan.

A 71-year-old man presented to our hospital for dyspnea lasting for the past 3 days. Chest X-ray and computed tomography demonstrated right tension pneumothorax, and an electrocardiogram suggested acute inferior myocardial infarction. Despite the relief of tension pneumothorax, the electrocardiographic findings were not completely resolved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1422-18DOI Listing
January 2019

Perinatal Risk Factors and Outcome Coding in Clinical and Administrative Databases.

Pediatrics 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Perinatal Epidemiology and Health Outcomes Research Unit, Divisions of Neonatology and.

Background And Objectives: Administrative databases may allow true population-based studies and quality improvement endeavors, but the accuracy of billing codes for capturing key risk factors and outcomes needs to be assessed. We sought to describe the performance of a statewide administrative database and the clinical database from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative (CPQCC).

Methods: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked key perinatal risk factors and outcomes from the 133-unit CPQCC database to relevant billing codes from administrative maternal and newborn inpatient discharge records, for 50 631 infants born from 2006 to 2012. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1487DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Appropriate Needle Length for Emergent Pediatric Needle Thoracostomy Utilizing Computed Tomography.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2019 Jan 9:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine , University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora , CO.

Objective: Needle thoracostomy is a life-saving procedure. Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines recommend insertion of a 5cm, 14-gauge needle for pneumothorax decompression. High-risk complications can arise if utilizing an inappropriate needle size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2019.1566422DOI Listing
January 2019

Initial experience with transbronchial cryoablation as a novel local treatment for malignant peripheral lung lesions.

BMJ Open Respir Res 2018 15;5(1):e000315. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.

Introduction: Percutaneous cryoablation has been adopted for small, malignant peripheral pulmonary lesions and has yielded favourable results as a less invasive local treatment. A transbronchial approach may reduce the risks of complications, such as pneumothorax and pleural haemorrhage. A fundamental animal experiment on transbronchial cryoablation was performed to examine its immediate safety and effectiveness. Read More

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http://bmjopenrespres.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjresp-201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjresp-2018-000315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307616PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Submucosal Tunnel Endoscopic Resection for Esophageal Submucosal Tumors: A Multicenter Study.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2018 2;2018:2149564. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Submucosal tumors (SMTs) are primarily benign tumors, but some may have a malignant potential. Endoscopic submucosal dissection that has been used for removing esophageal SMTs could cause perforation. Submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection (STER) is an improved and an effective technique for treating esophageal SMTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2149564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304882PMC
December 2018

The Use of Noninvasive Ventilation with High Frequency in Newborns-A Single-Center Experience.

Am J Perinatol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Neonatal Diseases, Samodzielny Publiczny Szpital Kliniczny nr 2 Pomorskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego, Szczecin, Zachodniopomorskie, Poland.

Objective:  The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of noninvasive high-frequency ventilation (nHFV) in respiratory-deficient infants.

Study Design:  Retrospective analysis of 32 cases of nHFV in 30 term ( = 4) and preterm ( = 26) newborns using a noninvasive ventilation (NIV) device. nHFV avoided intubation of children performed with NIV and reintubation after long-term mechanical ventilation (MV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1677471DOI Listing
January 2019

Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pneumothorax: Report of two cases and literature review.

JGH Open 2018 Dec 15;2(6):329-332. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences Patna India.

Pneumothorax is a very rare complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Here, we report two cases of pneumothorax following ERCP and sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis. Patient was treated successfully with laprotomy and repair of a rent in the posterolateral wall of the second portion of duodenum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308074PMC
December 2018

Clinical outcomes of symptomatic thoracic disk herniations treated surgically through minimally invasive lateral transthoracic approach.

Neurosurg Rev 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, 500 Parnassus Avenue, MU 320W, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0728, USA.

Although symptomatic thoracic disk herniation (TDH) is relatively rare, its treatment is quite difficult. Our aim is to present the outcomes and complications in patients with thoracic disk herniation treated with minimally invasive lateral transthoracic approach (LTTA). Fifty-nine consecutive patients with 69 symptomatic disk herniations that underwent minimally invasive LTTA to treat TDH between 2007 and 2016 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-018-01064-2DOI Listing
January 2019

The role of ultrasound lung artefacts in the diagnosis of respiratory diseases.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

d Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science , University of Trento , Trento , Italy.

Introduction: Thoracic ultrasound is employed for the diagnosis of many thoracic diseases and is an accepted detection tool of pleural effusions, atelectasis, pneumothorax and pneumonia. However, the use of ultrasound for the evaluation of parenchymal lung disease, when the organ is still aerated, is a relatively new application. Areas covered: The diagnosis of a normal lung and the differentiation between a normally aerated lung and a lung with interstitial pathology is based on the interpretation of ultrasound artifacts universally known as A and B-Lines. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17476348.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17476348.2019.1565997DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

New insights and improved strategies for the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax.

Clin Respir J 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Centre Valaisan de Pneumologie, Department of Internal Medicine, Montana, Switzerland.

The pathophysiology and management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) are subject of debate. Despite advances in the understanding of its etiopathogenesis and improvements in its management, implementation in clinical practice is suboptimal. In this manuscript, we review the recent literature with a focus on PSP pathophysiology and management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.12990DOI Listing
January 2019

Dry Needling-Induced Pneumothorax.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2019 Jan;119(1):59-62

Dry needling is a widely used alternative therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, such as myofascial pain. The procedure involves placing a solid monofilament needle into myofascial trigger points or connective tissue to relieve pain. Some of the complications secondary to this procedure include cardiac tamponade, hematoma, infection, nerve injury, and pneumothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Long term survival and perioperative propensity score matched outcomes in diaphragmatic interventions in cytoreductive surgery + intra-peritoneal chemotherapy.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Peritonectomy and Liver Unit, St George Hospital, NSW, Australia; University of New South Wales, Medicine, St George Clinical School, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: To assess the impact of short and long term outcomes of diaphragmatic interventions in cyto-reductive surgery (CRS) and intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (IPC).

Methods: 1230 consecutive CRS/IPC procedures were preformed between 1996 and 2018 in Sydney, Australia. Redo procedures and incomplete cyto-reductions were excluded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07487983183204
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2018.12.021DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Safety of Permanent Pacemaker Implantation: A Prospective Study.

J Clin Med 2019 Jan 1;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad de Sevilla, 41009 Seville, Spain.

Although pacemaker implantation is considered to be low risk, it is not exempt from complications and technical failures during the procedure, both in the short and long term, and the complications that such patients may present remain unknown. The aim has been to analyze the complication rates associated with permanent pacing and to identify if these differ between patients with or without previous antithrombotic therapy. We used a prospective, single center, observational study of 310 adult patients with indications of permanent pacing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010035DOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical Utility of Routine Chest X-Rays During the Initial Stabilization of Trauma Patients.

South Med J 2019 Jan;112(1):55-59

From the San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, the William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Fort Bliss, the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, and the US Army Institute for Surgical Research, San Antonio, Texas.

Objectives: The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) course encourages the use of chest x-ray (CXR) to identify injuries that may change clinical management during the initial stage of trauma resuscitations. Several studies have failed to show benefit for the routine use of CXR without a clinical indication, however. We sought to validate these findings by determining the incidence of clinically significant findings discovered on a portable single-view CXR during the initial stabilization of trauma patients at a Level 1 trauma center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14423/SMJ.0000000000000921DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Manual aspiration versus chest tube drainage in primary spontaneous pneumothorax without underlying lung diseases: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Jiefang Nan Street, Hexi District, Tianjin, 300211, China.

Objectives: Although primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is an extremely frequent pathology, there is still no clear consensus on the treatment for these patients. We performed a strict meta-analysis on the effectiveness of manual aspiration (MA) compared to chest tube drainage (CTD) for the treatment of PSP.

Methods: A literature search was performed on PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to identify randomized controlled trials comparing MA with CTD for the treatment of PSP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy342DOI Listing
January 2019

Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis presenting as bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax: A case report.

Lung India 2019 Jan-Feb;36(1):75-77

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_248_18DOI Listing
January 2019

Cavitary lung disease following transbronchial biopsy using cryoadhesion in a patient with diffuse parenchymal lung disease.

Lung India 2019 Jan-Feb;36(1):60-62

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Wakemed Health and Hospitals, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Transbronchial lung biopsy using cryoadhesion is a diagnostic technique gaining in popularity. Several studies have been performed on its diagnostic yield and safety profile. However, definitive conclusions are limited due to the heterogeneity of results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_21_18DOI Listing
January 2019

Bronchoscopic lung cryobiopsy: An Indian association for bronchology position statement.

Lung India 2019 Jan-Feb;36(1):48-59

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Background: Bronchoscopic lung cryobiopsy (BLC) is a novel technique for obtaining lung tissue for the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. The procedure is performed using several different variations of technique, resulting in an inconsistent diagnostic yield and a variable risk of complications. There is an unmet need for standardization of the technical aspects of BLC. Read More

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http://www.lungindia.com/text.asp?2019/36/1/48/249179
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_75_18DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Two cases of air leak syndrome after bone marrow transplantation successfully treated by the pleural covering technique.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2-L5 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Air leak syndrome (ALS) is a rare complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and usually has a fatal outcome because of the high recurrence rate and treatment-refractory nature. A 32-year-old man with a history of BMT for acute lymphoblastic leukemia suffered from metachronous bilateral ALS. Bullectomy and the pleural covering procedure (PLC) were successfully performed for each side of the thorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-018-01057-4DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Bilateral pneumothoraces in a pregnant woman following acupuncture - a case report].

Laeknabladid 2019 Jan;105(1):19-21

Cardiothoracic Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital.

A woman in her thirties, 15 weeks pregnant, underwent acupuncture therapy because of pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting. Several hours later she experienced shortness of breath and therefore came to the emergency room. Physical examination revealed tachypnea and reduced breath sounds bilaterally but normal oxygen saturation and blood pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17992/lbl.2019.01.212DOI Listing
January 2019

Acute right bundle branch block due to pneumothorax.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Sep-Oct;7(5):1126-1128

Department of Cardiology, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) due to pneumothorax have been studied and are well described mainly in case of left-sided pneumothorax. Classic ECG finding in left-sided pneumothorax includes right-axis deviation, diminution of QRS complex, T-wave inversion, phasic R wave variation, and reduced R wave in precordial leads. There has been reported case of incomplete right bundle branch block (RBBB) in left-sided pneumothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_222_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259534PMC
January 2019

Successful treatment of severe arterial hypotension and anuria in a preterm infant with renal tubular dysgenesis- a case report.

Matern Health Neonatol Perinatol 2018 20;4:27. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University Children's Hospital Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Straße 2, 97080 Würzburg, Germany.

Background: Oligohydramnios sequence can be caused by renal tubular dysgenesis (RTD), a rare condition resulting in pulmonary and renal morbidity. Besides typical features of Potter-sequence, the infants present with severe arterial hypotension and anuria as main symptoms. Establishing an adequate arterial blood pressure and sufficient renal perfusion is crucial for the survival of these infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40748-018-0095-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302415PMC
December 2018

Tension pneumothorax caused by iatrogenic intra-abdominal explosion during laparoscopic procedure.

J Clin Anesth 2018 Dec 28;55:72-73. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital and National Defense Medical Center, No.325, Section 2, Chenggung Road, Neihu District, Taipei 11490, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2018.12.039DOI Listing
December 2018

Successful use of self-expandable metal stents in a case of iatrogenic tracheal rupture.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Mar 26;14(3):377-380. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Ospedale S.Giovanni Battista, Università Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy.

As an alternative treatment to immediate surgical repair, endotracheal stent placement has been recently proposed in cases of iatrogenic tracheal damages. We report a case of a 91-year-old male who developed sudden subcutaneous emphysema during a total laryngectomy for laryngeal carcinoma. A tracheal tear at the distal third of the posterior tracheal wall was endoscopically assessed about 2 cm above the carina; CT confirmed the breach approximately 4 cm in length with associated pneumomediastinum and bilateral pneumothorax. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19300433183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307534PMC
March 2019
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A Case Report of Acute Airway Compromise due to Subcutaneous Emphysema.

Case Rep Med 2018 25;2018:3103061. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Health Services, Department of Surgery, South Health Campus, 4448 Front St SE, Calgary, AB T3M1M4, Canada.

In the acute management of a trauma patient, airway patency is of utmost importance. The present case describes a male patient who presented with delayed severe upper airway obstruction secondary to massive subcutaneous emphysema following blunt traumatic injury two days previously. Airway compromise is a rarely described but serious complication of subcutaneous emphysema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3103061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286736PMC
November 2018

Current Practice in the Management of Spontaneous Pneumothorax in Children.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

2 Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Introduction: There is a lack of pediatric-specific guidelines for the workup and management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in children. The aim of this study was to describe current practices among North American pediatric surgeons.

Materials And Methods: An online survey comprising 18 questions was sent out through the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee to all members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2018.0629DOI Listing
December 2018

Clinical application of planar puncture template-assisted computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy for small pulmonary nodules.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 ;14(7):1632-1637

Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing; China Northern Radioactive Brachytherapy Group, Tangshan People's Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei, China.

Aims: The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical application of planar puncture template (PPT) in computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous needle lung biopsy.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 56 patients with small pulmonary nodules who received CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy assisted by PPT were included in the study. Five steps were included in the study: fixing position, CT scanning and designing needle pathway, installing navigation system and template, puncturing fixation needle, and performing biopsy needle insertion and biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_1017_17DOI Listing
January 2018
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Application value of coaxial biopsy system in needle cutting biopsy for focal ground glass-like density nodule.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 ;14(7):1509-1514

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 266101, Shandong, China.

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and accuracy of coaxial biopsy puncture applied to make a diagnosis in 76 patients diagnosed with focal ground-glass density nodule (GGN).

Materials And Methods: In total, 76 patients were diagnosed with pure GGN (pGGN), 24 males and 52 females, aged (52 ± 1.2) years on average (range: 47-72 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_382_18DOI Listing
January 2018

Emphysema extent on computed tomography is a highly specific index in diagnosing persistent airflow limitation: a real-world study in China.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2019 17;14:13-26. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China,

Objective: The diagnostic value of emphysema extent in consistent air flow limitation remains controversial. Therefore, we aimed to assess the value of emphysema extent on computed tomography (CT) on the diagnosis of persistent airflow limitation. Furthermore, we developed a diagnostic criterion for further verification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S157141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301435PMC
December 2018
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[Central Type Squamous Cell Lung Cancer Incidentally Found by the Treatment of Pneumothorax;Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Dec;71(13):1129-1131

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Fukuyama City Hospital, Fukuyama, Japan.

A 69-year-old man who arrived at our hospital by ambulance with dyspnea was diagnosed with pneumothorax. The chest was drained, but the left lung failed to expand due to air leakage. A pulmonary fistula in the left lower lobe identified by video-assisted thoracic surgery was repaired. Read More

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December 2018
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Preoperative Variables Associated With Respiratory Complications After Pediatric Neuromuscular Spine Deformity Surgery.

Spine Deform 2019 Jan;7(1):107-111

Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study is to identify preoperative laboratory values and patient factors that are associated with postoperative respiratory complications in pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS) populations undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with instrumentation.

Summary Of Background Data: PSF in NMS patients are high-risk surgeries. Respiratory complications are the most common postoperative event, with rates up to 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.05.005DOI Listing
January 2019
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Kidney cancer characteristics and genotype-phenotype-correlations in Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(12):e0209504. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Institute of Human Genetics, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is a genetic tumor syndrome characterized by lung cysts, pneumothorax, fibrofolliculomas and renal cell cancer. The diagnosis of BHDS is usually considered if kidney cancer occurs before age 50 years, is multifocal and/or bilateral or of the oncocytoma/hybrid oncocytoma-chromophobe type. Using a sample of 50 BHDS families with a total of 178 patients we analyzed how many kidney cancer patients fulfilled one or more of these criteria. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209504PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306193PMC
December 2018

Diagnostic Yield of Combined Pulmonary Cryobiopsies and Electromagnetic Navigation in Small Pulmonary Nodules.

Pulm Med 2018 15;2018:6032974. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Pneumology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 808 Route de Lennik, 1070 Brussels, Belgium.

Background: An increasing number of pulmonary nodules of unknown nature are detected as a result of screening by CT in high lung cancer risk patients.

Objectives: The purposes of this study were to assess the diagnostic yield of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) combined with transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) and to compare it with standard transbronchial biopsy (TBB) in pulmonary nodules of less than 2 cm in diameter.

Methods: We prospectively included 32 patients (18 men and 14 women, mean age 68 ± 9 years) with nodules of less than 2 cm in diameter and no metastasis at FDG PET-CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6032974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276421PMC
November 2018