28,596 results match your criteria Pneumothorax


Value of Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy in Evaluating Internal Mammary Lymph Node Metastases in Breast Cancer.

Clin Breast Cancer 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Ultrasound, Hebei Medical University Fourth Affiliated Hospital and Hebei Provincial Tumor Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: This retrospective study aimed to assess the value of a real-time, ultrasound-guided biopsy in evaluating internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLNs) in breast cancer.

Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent real-time, ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy (CNB) or fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in suspected IMLN metastasis were retrospectively analyzed. Patient information and ultrasonographic images were reviewed and correlated with pathology results. Read More

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Thoracoscopic radical esophagectomy combined with left inferior pulmonary ligament lymphadenectomy for esophageal carcinoma via the right thoracic approach: A single-center retrospective study of 30 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26302

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, Putian, Fujian.

Abstract: To evaluate the necessity, safety, and feasibility of left inferior pulmonary ligament lymphadenectomy during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) radical esophagectomy via the right thoracic approach.Thirty patients (20 men, 10 women) with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) were recruited for this study. The patients' age ranged from 50 to 80 years, with an average age of 66. Read More

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Cannabis Use Is Associated With Recurrence After Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

Front Surg 2021 25;8:668588. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, United States.

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a frequently encountered entity that carries a high rate of recurrence. The current study aims to investigate if cannabis use at time of initial PSP is associated with disease recurrence. Patients presenting with PSP between 2010 and 2018 at a single institution were identified. Read More

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COVID-19 Associated Spontaneous Pneumothorax and Pneumopericardium: A Case Report.

Cureus 2021 May 5;13(5):e14861. Epub 2021 May 5.

Critical Care, United General Hospital, Houston, USA.

Novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has been one of the largest and most devastating global pandemics of our time. There have been several complications of this disease that have also proven to be debilitating and deadly. While primarily affecting the respiratory system, some cases presented with uncommon complications such as pneumopericardium and spontaneous pneumothorax. Read More

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CT-guided preoperative localization of ground glass nodule: comparison between the application of embolization microcoil and the locating needle designed for pulmonary nodules.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jun 11:20210193. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Radiology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of preoperative localization of ground glass nodule (GGN) using embolization microcoils and the locating needles designed for pulmonary nodules.

Methods: From June 2019 to December 2020, 429 patients who received CT-guided localization of single GGN before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) were enrolled. The diameter and depth of GGNs were 0. Read More

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Treatment and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to suspected migrating vegetal foreign body in 37 dogs.

Vet Rec 2021 Jun 9:e22. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Surgical Department, Centre Hospitalier Vétérinaire Languedocia, Montpellier, France.

Background: The aim of this study is to describe surgical findings, treatment and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) secondary to suspected migrating vegetal foreign body (MVFB).

Methods: This retrospective study included dogs with computed tomography (CT) consistent with SP suspected to be secondary to MVFB that underwent thoracic surgery. They were divided into two groups according to whether CT identified (group 1) or only suspected (group 2) an MVFB. Read More

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Predictive power of modified frailty index score for pulmonary complications after major abdominal surgery in the elderly: a single centre prospective cohort study.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 May;25(10):3798-3802

Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Emergenza, Anestesiologiche e della Rianimazione, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Objective: The primary aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the usefulness of the modified Frailty Index (mFI) score to predict postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in elderly patients undergoing major open abdominal surgery. The secondary purpose was to compare the prediction power of mFI, Ariscat (Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia), and American Society physical status classification (ASA) scores.

Patients And Methods: After local Ethical Committee approval, 105 patients aged ≥65 years undergoing open major abdominal surgery were enrolled. Read More

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Forty years after the first totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) implant: the pure surgical cut-down technique only avoids immediate complications that can be fatal.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "G.F. Ingrassia," Cannizzaro Hospital, General Surgery, University of Catania, Via Messina 829, 95126, Catania, Italy.

Aim: Even though TIVADs have been implanted for a long time, immediate complications are still occurring. The aim of this work was to review different techniques of placing TIVAD implants to evaluate the aetiology of immediate complications.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed using the PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Incidence of pneumomediastinum in COVID-19: A single-center comparison between 1st and 2nd wave.

Respir Investig 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Tor Vergata Polyclinic, Department of Surgery, Units of Thoracic Surgery and Breast Surgery, Floor 7A, Viale Oxford 81, 00133, Rome, Italy.

In this study, we compared the incidence of pneumomediastinum in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients during the ascending phases of the 1st and 2nd epidemic waves. Crude incidence was higher during the 2nd wave at a quasi-significant level (0.68/1000 vs. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Phrenic Nerve Block for Lung Nodule Biopsy: Single-Center Initial Experience.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona, and Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: Biopsy of lung nodules in the lower lung fields can be difficult because of breathing motion. Ipsilateral phrenic nerve block (PNB) before biopsy should make the biopsy safer, easier, and more precisely targeted. We describe the use of ultrasound-guided PNB before lung nodule biopsy, including relevant anatomy and variations, complications, and technique, along with our first 40 cases. Read More

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[CME Sonography 98: Chest Ultrasound].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2021 Jun;110(8):453-459

Ultrasound Learning Center (ULC) der European Federation of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB), Klinik Hirslanden, Zürich.

CME Sonography 98: Chest Ultrasound Chest sonography has long been an important part of ultrasound diagnostics. Historically, the first evidence found in chest sonography were pleural effusions. Peripheral consolidations (pneumonia, tumors, pulmonary embolism) and pneumothorax were added later. Read More

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[POCUS - Thoracic Sonography in Times of Corona: What Sonographing Family Physicians Should Examine].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2021 Jun;110(8):439-448

Rankweil, Österreich.

POCUS - Thoracic Sonography in Times of Corona: What Sonographing Family Physicians Should Examine When performing chest sonography of patients with symptoms such as respiratory infection, dyspnea and chest pain, the primary goal is to find or exclude significant diagnoses such as pneumothorax, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, tumors, pulmonary emboli, etc. as the cause of the symptoms. If infection with SARS-CoV-2 is present, COVID-19 pneumonia can be confirmed or excluded as the cause of the symptoms with a high degree of probability based on the sonographic signs. Read More

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Novel strategy to treat lung metastases: Hybrid therapy involving surgery and radiofrequency ablation.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of hybrid treatment involving surgical resection and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for patients with multiple lung metastases.

Methods: Seventeen patients (6 men, 11 women; median age, 52 years; range, 16-78 years) underwent hybrid treatment involving surgery and radiofrequency ablation to treat multiple lung metastases (median number, 4; range, 2-26) between May 2014 and February 2020. The primary lesions were colorectal carcinoma (n = 9), uterine endometrial carcinoma (n = 3), osteosarcoma (n = 2), renal cell carcinoma (n = 1), glottic carcinoma (n = 1), and fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 1). Read More

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[Lung ultrasound promising method for assessing acute dyspnea and monitoring decompensated heart failure].

Lakartidningen 2021 06 8;118. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

professor, överläkare, avdelningen för kardiologi och Wallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin, Lunds universitet och Skånes universitetssjukhus Lund; avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Göteborgs universitet och Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.

Ultrasound plays an important role in several medical fields. The heart was the first organ for which ultrasound gained clinical utility, followed by obstetric and gynecological applications. Shortly thereafter, abdominal organs and blood vessels became targets for ultrasound examination. Read More

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A rare case of tracheoesophageal fistula and pneumothorax occurring simultaneously in a patient following percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Mar;37(1):127-129. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

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Detection of acute ventilatory problems via magnetic induction in a newborn animal model.

Pediatr Res 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Magnetic induction measurement (MIM) is a noninvasive method for the contactless registration of respiration in newborn piglets by using measurement coils positioned at the bottom of an incubator. Acute pulmonary problems may be determinants of poor neurological and psychomotor outcomes in preterm infants. The current study tested the detection of pulmonary ventilation disorders via MIM in 11 newborn piglets. Read More

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[Application of endobronchial ultrasound in children: an analysis of 4 cases].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;59(6):511-515

Department No. 2 of Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing 100045, China.

To investigate the feasibility, clinical efficacy and safety of endobronchial ultasound (EBUS) in children. The radiological features, EBUS images, pathological results and intraoperative and postoperative complications of 3 cases who underwent EBUS examination and 1 case who underwent EBUS guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 4 cases, 2 were males and 2 were females, with the onset age of 7. Read More

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CT-guided biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact: Comparison of two puncture routes.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, 700-8558 Okayama, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare two puncture routes (transpleural vs. transpulmonary) for computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided cutting needle biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact.

Patients And Methods: A total of 102 patients (72 men; mean age, 71. Read More

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A 44-Year-Old Woman With Multiple Neoplasms and Cystic Lung Disease.

Chest 2021 Jun;159(6):e381-e384

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Case Presentation: A 44-year-old woman with a history of renal cell carcinoma and thyroid cancer was referred to our institution for evaluation of cystic lung disease. She was an active smoker with a 15-pack-year of tobacco use. Two years before her presentation, she underwent a left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma, clear cell type. Read More

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Serious complications in COVID-19 ARDS cases: pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema and haemothorax.

Epidemiol Infect 2021 Jun 8;149:e137. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Sultan 2. Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

The novel coronavirus identified as severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 causes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our aim in this study is to assess the incidence of life-threatening complications like pneumothorax, haemothorax, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema, probable risk factors and effect on mortality in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) ARDS patients treated with mechanical ventilation (MV). Data from 96 adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit with COVID-19 ARDS diagnosis from 11 March to 31 July 2020 were retrospectively assessed. Read More

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Outcomes with multi-disciplinary management of central lung tumors with CT-guided percutaneous high dose rate brachyablation.

Radiat Oncol 2021 Jun 7;16(1):99. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, 200 Medical Plaza Driveway, Suite B265, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Background: Centrally located lung tumors present treatment challenges given their proximity to mediastinal structures including the central airway, esophagus, major vessels, and heart. Therapeutic options can be limited for medically inoperable patients, particularly if they have received previous thoracic radiotherapy. High dose rate (HDR) brachyablation was developed to improve the therapeutic ratio for patients with central lung tumors. Read More

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Is surgery a risk factor for contralateral recurrence pneumothorax in adolescent with primary spontaneous pneumothorax?

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiology, Guangzhou Panyu Central Hospital, Guangdong, 511400, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: Controversy exists regarding the justification of primary surgery in primary spontaneous pneumothorax, and surgery is not free from recurrence. We hypothesized that surgery is a risk factor for contralateral recurrence pneumothorax in adolescent.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 163 adolescent with pneumothorax who were treated conservatively with chest tube (n = 100) or chest tube followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (n = 63) from January 2009 through December 2017. Read More

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The LungVision navigational platform for peripheral lung nodule biopsy and the added value of cryobiopsy.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Pulmonary Division, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: The LungVision system is a novel augmented-fluoroscopy-based real-time navigation and guidance technology for bronchoscopy that can be integrated with any standard biopsy tool, including the cryoprobe, to enable real-time visualization and localization of pulmonary nodules.

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety among patients undergoing peripheral pulmonary nodule biopsy with the LungVision system.

Methods: This prospective, single-center study was conducted at Rabin Medical Center in Israel. Read More

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Emergency Medicine Cases in Underwater and Hyperbaric Environments: The Use of Simulation as a Learning Technique.

Front Physiol 2021 21;12:666503. Epub 2021 May 21.

Environmental and Respiratory Physiology Laboratory and Master Level II in Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Hyperbaric chambers and underwater environments are challenging and at risk of serious accidents. Personnel aiming to assist patients and subjects should be appropriately trained, and several courses have been established all over the world. In healthcare, simulation is an effective learning technique. Read More

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Spontaneous pneumothorax in a patient with skin lesions.

Eur J Intern Med 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Sección de Neumonologia, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Computed tomography-guided marking using a dye-staining method for preoperative localization of tiny pulmonary lesions in children.

Pediatr Surg Int 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital, 840 Murodo, Izumi, 594-1101, Japan.

Purpose: It is important to confirm the existence of pulmonary metastases in pediatric patients with malignancies. Therefore, we aimed to investigate if computed tomography CT-guided marking is a feasible and safe method for the identification and resection of tiny pulmonary lesions in pediatric cancer patients.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pediatric cancer patients who underwent CT-guided marking procedures in our institutions between Jan 2011 and Apr 2020. Read More

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Feasibility, safety, and efficacy of artificial carbon dioxide pneumothorax for computed tomography fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Jpn J Radiol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Radiology, Kawasaki Medical School, 2-6-1, Nakasange, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8505, Japan.

Purpose: To retrospectively assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of artificial carbon dioxide (CO) pneumothorax for computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Materials And Methods: This study included 26 sessions of 24 patients in whom the creation of artificial CO pneumothorax was attempted to avoid the transpulmonary route during CT fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous RF ablation of HCC between April 2011 and December 2017. In these 26 sessions, 29 HCCs (mean tumor diameter: 12 mm, range: 6-22 mm) were treated. Read More

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The incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of pneumothorax in hospitalized COVID-19 patients: A systematic review.

Heart Lung 2021 May 1;50(5):599-608. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY, United States.

Background: Pneumothorax has been frequently described as a complication of COVID-19 infections.

Objective: In this systematic review, we describe the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of COVID-19-related pneumothorax.

Methods: Studies were identified through MEDLINE, Pubmed, and Google Scholar databases using keywords of "COVID-19," "SARS-CoV-2," "pneumothorax," "pneumomediastinum," and "barotrauma" from January 1st, 2020 to January 30th, 2021. Read More

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Novel Approach to Ultrasound-Guided Thoracostomy.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Objectives: Thoracostomy is often a required treatment in patients with thoracic trauma; however, performing a thoracostomy using traditional techniques can have complications. Ultrasound can be a beneficial tool for identifying the correct thoracostomy insertion site. We designed a randomized prospective study to assess if ultrasound guidance can improve thoracostomy site identification over traditional techniques. Read More

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Surgical Occlusion of Leaking Bronchus by a Serratus Anterior Flap in a Child with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar-Apr;26(2):123-125. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is an uncommon disease of childhood. Intrathoracic transposition flaps have been described for a management of number of conditions. We discuss our experience of the use of serratus anterior flap for the obliteration of a pulmonary bulla with a communicating airway, in a 1½-year-old pediatric patient with multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis who presented with recurrent pneumothorax with empyema due to rupture of bullae. Read More

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