50,830 results match your criteria Pneumonia Bacterial

Dynamic Python-Based Method Provides Quantitative Analysis of Intercellular Junction Organization During Infection of the Respiratory Epithelium.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2022 10;12:865528. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA, United States.

Many respiratory pathogens compromise epithelial barrier function during lung infection by disrupting intercellular junctions, such as adherens junctions and tight junctions, that maintain intercellular integrity. This includes , a leading cause of pneumonia, which can successfully breach the epithelial barrier and cause severe infections such as septicemia and meningitis. Fluorescence microscopy analysis on intercellular junction protein manipulation by respiratory pathogens has yielded major advances in our understanding of their pathogenesis. Read More

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Analysis of Microbiological and Clinical Characteristics of Bacterial Infection in Patients with Pulmonary Infection.

Taimei Duan

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 16;2022:5607358. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

The First People's Hospital of Chongqing Liangjiang New Area, Chongqing 401121, China.

Objective: Using data investigation, the microbiology of bacterial infection in patients with pulmonary infection was discussed, and its clinical characteristics were analyzed.

Methods: The clinical data of 160 patients with pulmonary infection in our hospital from March 2019 to March 2021 were collected and analyzed. Blood samples were collected and cultured, and the pathogens were identified. Read More

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Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis in an Immunocompetent Male Who Lived in an Endemic Region in the Remote Past: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 May 23;14(5):e25249. Epub 2022 May 23.

Internal Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

Coccidioidomycosis is an endemic illness suspected in patients who live in or have recently traveled to an endemic area. Disseminated disease is less frequent and is almost always seen in the presence of risk factors such as immunosuppression. We present a case of disseminated coccidioidomycosis with a delayed presentation in a young immunocompetent male. Read More

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A Dual-Action Molecule Suppresses S. aureus Infection as an Inhibitor Targeting Hla Pore Formation and TLR2 Signaling.

Adv Biol (Weinh) 2022 Jun 26:e2200109. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

State Key Laboratory for Zoonotic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Zoonosis Research, Ministry of Education, Institute of Zoonosis, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, China.

Antibiotic resistance is the greatest challenge for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infection under the global antibiotic resistance crisis. With the bottleneck period of the development of new antibiotics, novel alternative agents are urgently in need. Read More

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ARDS clinical practice guideline 2021.

Respir Investig 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Background: The joint committee of the Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Japanese Respiratory Society/Japanese Society of Respiratory Care Medicine on ARDS Clinical Practice Guideline has created and released the ARDS Clinical Practice Guideline 2021.

Methods: The 2016 edition of the Clinical Practice Guideline covered clinical questions (CQs) that targeted only adults, but the present guideline includes 15 CQs for children in addition to 46 CQs for adults. As with the previous edition, we used a systematic review method with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system as well as a degree of recommendation determination method. Read More

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Characteristics and Results of Hospital Admission Caused by Influenza Virus Infections in Children under 5 Years Old.

J Trop Pediatr 2022 Jun;68(4)

Department of Pediatric Diseases, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Izmir, Turkey.

Aims: The influenza virus is an infectious disease with acute respiratory tract infections, caused secondary bacterial infections and death. In this study, we aimed to determine which predictors were associated with the need for high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) and transition to intensive care for influenza virus and also to compare single viral pathogens with multiple ones.

Methods: Inpatients under the age of 5 with influenza virus-related respiratory tract infections between November 2015 and March 2019 were included in the study. Read More

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Biomarkers for iron metabolism among patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2, bacteria, and influenza.

APMIS 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Ferritin, the central iron storage protein, has attracted attention as a biomarker of severe COVID-19. Few studies have investigated regulators of iron metabolism in the context of COVID-19. The aim was to evaluate biomarkers for iron metabolism in the acute phase response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by SARS-CoV-2 compared to CAP caused by bacteria or influenza virus in hospitalized patients. Read More

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Insilico structure based drug design approach to find potential hits in ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Comput Biol Med 2022 Jul 18;146:105597. Epub 2022 May 18.

Y. B. Chavan College of Pharmacy, Dr. Rafiq Zakaria Campus, Rauza Baugh, Aurangabad, MS, India. Electronic address:

Tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase (LpxK) is the prime enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of lipid A. LpxK is a key antibacterial drug target, but it is less exploitation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other bacterial species limits its therapeutic use. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for severe infections like pneumonia and urinary tract infections. Read More

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Microflora of sputum and autopsy material of patients with COVID-19.

Klin Lab Diagn 2022 Jun;67(6):380-384

Samara State Medical University.

The rapid spread of a new coronavirus infection in the country actualizes the conduct of bacteriological studies of clinical material obtained from the respiratory tract of patients with COVID-19. During the experiments, 230 sputum samples and 260 autopsy lung samples from patients with COVID-19 were analyzed. 946 high-risk strains were isolated and identified by MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry on a Microflex LT instrument (Bruker®). Read More

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Heterologous Prime-Boost Immunization with DNA Vaccine and Modified Recombinant Proteins Enhances Immune Response against in Mice.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 May 25;10(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Antibiotics Research and Re-Evaluation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University, Chengdu 610052, China.

() is a crucial opportunistic pathogen normally causing mastitis, abscesses and pneumonia in economically important ruminants. Although only one commercial vaccine of is currently obtainable, its immunoprotective effect is limited. Pyolysin (PLO) is the most predominant virulence factor highly expressed in and is an excellent target for the development of novel vaccines against . Read More

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The Prevalence of Histopathological Features of Pneumonia in Goats with Symptomatic Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis.

Pathogens 2022 May 30;11(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Division of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

Chronic interstitial pneumonia (CIP) is a main pathology of sheep infected with small ruminant lentivirus (SRLV). Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) is caused by the same pathogen; however, the presence of CIP has been only occasionally reported in SRLV-infected goats. We carried out a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of histopathological lesions indicative of CIP in goats with symptomatic CAE, and to investigate whether CIP was associated with a higher prevalence of other types of pneumonia (purulent bronchopneumonia, fibrinous pleuropneumonia) or bacterial infections. Read More

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Live Influenza Vaccine Provides Early Protection against Homologous and Heterologous Influenza and May Prevent Post-Influenza Pneumococcal Infections in Mice.

Microorganisms 2022 Jun 2;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Scientific and Educational Center "Molecular Bases of Interaction of Microorganisms and Human" of the World-Class Research Center "Center for Personalized Medicine", Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Institute of Experimental Medicine", 12 Academician Pavlov Street, 197376 Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Influenza and infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Intranasal live influenza vaccine (LAIV) may prevent influenza-related bacterial complications. The objectives of the study are to estimate resistance against early influenza infection and post-influenza pneumococcal pneumonia after LAIV in mice. Read More

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Effects of Different Inhalation Therapy on Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Ventilated COVID-19 Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Microorganisms 2022 May 28;10(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Split, Spinčićeva 1, 21000 Split, Croatia.

The effect of routine inhalation therapy on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in mechanically ventilated patients with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has not been well-defined. This randomized controlled trial included 175 eligible adult patients with COVID-19 who were treated with mechanical ventilation at the University Hospital of Split between October 2020 and June 2021. Patients were randomized and allocated to a control group (no routine inhalation) or one of the treatment arms (inhalation of N-acetylcysteine; 5% saline solution; or 8. Read More

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Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Pediatric Patients with Severe Neurological Impairments: Clinical Observations and Perspectives in a Palliative Care Unit.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Paediatric Palliative Care Centre, Children's and Adolescents' Hospital, Witten/Herdecke University, 58448 Witten, Germany.

Pediatric palliative care (PPC) patients with a severe neurologic impairment (SNI) suffer considerable morbidity and increased mortality from lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). The indication and choice of antibiotic therapy for bacterial LRTIs are often challenging given the lack of evidence-based treatment recommendations for this vulnerable patient population. We conducted an observational study before the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in an eight-bed pediatric palliative care inpatient unit. Read More

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Levofloxacin Cocrystal/Salt with Phthalimide and Caffeic Acid as Promising Solid-State Approach to Improve Antimicrobial Efficiency.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 Jun 13;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Pharmacy, Shaheed Benazir Bhuto University, Sheringal, Dir Upper 18000, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

To overcome the issue of multidrug resistant (MDR) microbes, the exploration of ways to improve the antimicrobial efficiency of existing antibiotics is one of the promising approaches. In search of synthons with higher efficiency, in current investigations, cocrystal and amorphous salt of levofloxacin hemihydrate (LEV) were developed with phthalimide (PTH) and caffeic acid (CFA). New materials were characterized with the help of FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Read More

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Empirical Antibiotic Prescribing in Adult COVID-19 Inpatients over Two Years in Mexico.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 Jun 2;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

CONACYT-Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca, Col. Ex Hacienda de Aguilera S/N, San Felipe del Agua, Oaxaca 68020, Mexico.

Empirical antibiotic prescribing in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been common even though bacterial coinfections are infrequent. The overuse of antibacterial agents may accelerate the antibiotic resistance crisis. We aimed to evaluate factors predicting empirical antibiotic prescribing to adult COVID-19 inpatients over 2 years (March 2020-February 2021) in Mexico. Read More

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Use of Antibiotics against Bacterial Infections on Dairy Sheep and Goat Farms: Patterns of Usage and Associations with Health Management and Human Resources.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 May 31;11(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Veterinary Faculty, University of Thessaly, 43100 Karditsa, Greece.

The objectives of the study were (a) to describe the patterns of antibiotic usage against four major clinical problems and (b) to evaluate factors that were associated with their use on small ruminant farms. Sheep and goat farmers mostly administered the antibiotics to animals at the dose prescribed (80.4%) and observed the necessary withdrawal period (98. Read More

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The pro-inflammatory effect of Staphylokinase contributes to community-associated Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia.

Commun Biol 2022 Jun 23;5(1):618. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Ren Ji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Pneumonia caused by community-associated Staphylococcus aureus (CA-SA) has high morbidity and mortality, but its pathogenic mechanism remains to be further investigated. Herein, we identify that staphylokinase (SAK) is significantly induced in CA-SA and inhibits biofilm formation in a plasminogen-dependent manner. Importantly, SAK can enhance CA-SA-mediated pneumonia in both wild-type and cathelicidins-related antimicrobial peptide knockout (CRAMP) mice, suggesting that SAK exacerbates pneumonia in a CRAMP-independent manner. Read More

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Blood Eosinophils and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A GOLD Science Committee 2022 Review.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

University of Exeter College of Medicine, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

COPD is a heterogeneous condition. Some patients benefit from treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) but this requires a precision medicine approach, based on clinical characteristics (phenotyping) and biological information (endotyping) in order to select patients most likely to benefit. The GOLD 2019 report recommended using exacerbation history combined with blood eosinophil counts (BEC) to identify such patients. Read More

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Concurrent Infection with SARS-CoV-2 and in Immunocompromised and Immunocompetent Individuals.

J Fungi (Basel) 2022 May 30;8(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Transplant Infectious Diseases Program, Ajmera Transplant Centre, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 2N2, Canada.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may occur with concurrent infections caused by bacterial and fungal microorganisms. This systematic review evaluated studies reporting concomitant COVID-19 and pneumonia (PJP). We found 39 patients (74% male, median age: 56. Read More

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Transcriptomic Responses of Upon Treatments of -Cinnamaldehyde, Carvacrol, and Eugenol.

Front Microbiol 2022 6;13:888433. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States.

is an insidious, wall-less primary bacterial pathogen that causes bovine pneumonia, mid-ear infection, mastitis, and arthritis. The economic losses caused by due to culling, diminished milk production, and feed conversion are underestimated because of poor diagnosis/recognition. Treatment with common antibiotics targeting the cell wall is ineffective. Read More

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Histopathologically Confirmed Pulmonary Mucormycosis as a Complication of COVID-19: a Case Report from Romania and Insight into Pathology.

Maedica (Bucur) 2022 Mar;17(1):215-225

Department of Infectious Diseases, "Dr. Victor Babes" Clinical Hospital of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Bucharest, Romania.

COVID-19 has proven to be an independent risk factor for secondary infectious complications. Amongst them, mucormycosis has recently been noticed more frequently than in the past. Caused by molds belonging to the order, this is a rare, but potentially fatal infection unless adequately treated. Read More

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Antigenic landscapes on pore-forming toxins reveal insights into specificity and cross-neutralization.

MAbs 2022 Jan-Dec;14(1):2083467

Integrated BioTherapeutics, Rockville, USA.

carries an exceptional repertoire of virulence factors that aid in immune evasion. Previous single-target approaches for -specific vaccines and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have failed in clinical trials due to the multitude of virulence factors released during infection. Emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains demands a multi-target approach involving neutralization of different, non-overlapping pathogenic factors. Read More

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IgM-enriched immunoglobulin improves colistin efficacy in a pneumonia model by .

Life Sci Alliance 2022 Oct 21;5(10). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Unit of Infectious Diseases, Microbiology, and Preventive Medicine, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Seville, Spain

We evaluated the efficacy of ceftazidime or colistin in combination with polyclonal IgM-enriched immunoglobulin (IgM-IG), in an experimental pneumonia model (C57BL/6J male mice) using two multidrug-resistant strains, both ceftazidime-susceptible and one colistin-resistant. Pharmacodynamically optimised antimicrobials were administered for 72 h, and intravenous IgM-IG was given as a single dose. Bacterial tissues count and the mortality were analysed. Read More

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October 2022

Epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia among hospitalised children in Indonesia: a multicentre, prospective study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 21;12(6):e057957. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Objective: To identify aetiologies of childhood community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) based on a comprehensive diagnostic approach.

Design: 'Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research-Pneumonia in Paediatrics (PEER-PePPeS)' study was an observational prospective cohort study conducted from July 2017 to September 2019.

Setting: Government referral teaching hospitals and satellite sites in three cities in Indonesia: Semarang, Yogyakarta and Tangerang. Read More

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[Value of red blood cell distribution width in evaluating the severity of illness of novel coronavirus Delta variant].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2022 May;34(5):475-480

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi, China. Corresponding author: Liu Chang, Email:

Objective: To explore the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in evaluating the severity of patients infected with novel coronavirus Delta variant.

Methods: A total of 28 patients infected with novel coronavirus Delta variant in designated hospital treated by the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University medical team from December 2021 to January 2022 were enrolled (23 cases of common type, 4 severe and 1 critical cases). The detailed clinical data of patients was collected. Read More

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[Five patients with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2022 May;34(5):471-474

Department of the General Practice, the First Hospital of Jiaxing, Jiaxing 314001, Zhejiang, China. Corresponding author: Huang Jie, Email:

Objective: To analyze clinical characteristics of patients with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection, and to provide practical data and experience for subsequent clinical treatment.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 5 cases with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection treated in the First Hospital of Jiaxing from December 18, 2021 to January 28, 2022. The patients' clinical data were recorded, including gender, age, length of hospital stay, vaccination status, clinical symptoms, laboratory indicators [white blood cell count (WBC), lymphocyte count (LYM), eosinophil count (EOS), hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), novel coronavirus antibody immunoglobulin (IgG and IgM)], chest CT, treatment course and disease outcome. Read More

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2D-DIGE based urinary proteomics and functional enrichment studies to reveal novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human protein biomarker candidates for pulmonary tuberculosis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2022 Jun 9;619:15-21. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India. Electronic address:

In the absence of a sensitive and specific diagnostic modality capable of detecting all forms of tuberculosis (TB), proteomics may identify specific Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) proteins in urine, with a potential as biomarkers. To identify candidate biomarkers for TB, proteome profile of urine from pulmonary TB patients was compared with non-disease controls (NDC) and disease controls (DC, Streptococcus pneumonia infected patients) using a combination of two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS). Read More

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Evaluation of a pneumonia multiplex PCR panel for detection of bacterial respiratory tract pathogens from serial specimens collected from hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Alfred Nobels Allé 8, 14183, Stockholm, Sweden.

We investigated the concordance between the Unyvero Hospitalized Pneumonia (HPN) application and quantitative culture for detection of bacterial pathogens from serial lower respiratory tract (LRT) specimens collected from the same subject. Comparison of results from HPN application and culture was evaluated using 69 LRT samples from 27 subjects, using two evaluation approaches. False positive detections by the HPN application was 29% (20/69) in Evaluation I vs 10% (7/68) in Evaluation II. Read More

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Major candidate variables to guide personalised treatment with steroids in critically ill patients with COVID-19: CIBERESUCICOVID study.

Intensive Care Med 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital Universitario, 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: Although there is evidence supporting the benefits of corticosteroids in patients affected with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there is little information related to their potential benefits or harm in some subgroups of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with COVID-19. We aim to investigate to find candidate variables to guide personalized treatment with steroids in critically ill patients with COVID-19.

Methods: Multicentre, observational cohort study including consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to 55 Spanish ICUs. Read More

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