71,101 results match your criteria Pleural Effusion Imaging


Usual Interstitial Pneumonia Pattern in the Lower Lung Lobes as a Prognostic Factor in Idiopathic Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis.

Respiration 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia that is characterized by stiffness in both the upper lobes and pleura, which is evident on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest. However, prognostic factors for IPPFE have not been identified yet.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the clinical prognostic factors affecting survival in patients with IPPFE. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Interstitial Lung Disease Onset and Its Risk Factors in Japanese Patients with ALK-positive NSCLC Following Treatment with Crizotinib.

J Thorac Oncol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.

Introduction: The study objective was to determine the incidence and characteristics of drug-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with an orally available small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, crizotinib in the real-world clinical setting.

Methods: Post-marketing surveillance was performed in Japan to obtain information on the safety and efficacy of crizotinib. Target patients included all patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received crizotinib, during the enrollment period between May 2012 and December 2014. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Identification of risk factors and diagnostic methodology in serositis by M. tuberculosis

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):364-370. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Secretaría de Salud, Hospital General de México “Dr. Eduardo Liceaga”, Unidad de Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. Ciudad de México, México

Background: Tuberculosis is a public health problem, extrapulmonary presentations have increased, it is difficult to diagnose because of the low bacillary load.

Objective: To identify risk factors and to evaluate the efficiency of diagnostic methods in pleural, meningeal, peritoneal and pericardial tuberculosis.

Methods: Prospective study of cases and controls. Read More

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November 2018

A Rare Diagnosis After the Fall of a 96-Year-Old Woman: Doege-Potter Syndrome.

Curr Aging Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Acute Geriatrics Unit, Monza (MB). Italy.

Introduction: Doege-Potter syndrome (DPS) is a rare but life-threatening paraneoplastic syndrome, characterized by non-islet cell tumor-induced hypoglycemia (NICTH) secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), which secretes an incompletely processed form of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2).

Results: A 96-year-old woman was admitted with head trauma due to an accidental fall. During her hospital stay she experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes. Read More

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December 2018

The role of BRCA1-associated protein 1 in the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma in effusion and fine-needle aspiration cytology.

Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

Background: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a diagnostically challenging entity in cytology specimens due to the lack of architectural context and a cytomorphologic overlap between malignant and reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs). A diagnostic marker with excellent specificity is not currently available in clinical practice. The newly appreciated BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) antibody may help distinguish MM from RMC based on its immunohistochemical (IHC) staining pattern but its role in cytopathology is controversial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Phase I/II study of dasatinib and exploratory genomic analysis in relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Br J Haematol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Oncology & Hematology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) often carry poor prognosis and pose management challenges. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of dasatinib, a broad-spectrum multi-kinase inhibitor in relapsed/refractory NHL with correlative genomic analysis in a Phase I/II trial. The study included 33 patients with various sub-types of NHL who had received at least one prior therapy. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Life threatening polyserositis post oesophagectomy.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 15;26:42-44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Great Western Hospital, Swindon, Marlborough Road, SN3 6BB, UK.

A 46 year old lady presented three weeks after an oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma with increasing breathlessness and a large left-sided pleural effusion. Computed tomography (CT) scan of her thorax, abdomen and pelvis revealed a large left-sided and small right-sided pleural effusions, a pericardial effusion, ascites and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent both pericardial and pleural fluid drainage, however, unfortunately, deteriorated despite these interventions with increasing oxygen requirements requiring nasal high flow oxygen on the Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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November 2018

Porous diaphragm syndrome with recurrent thymoma.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00391. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Medical Oncology Izumi City General Hospital Izumi Japan.

Porous diaphragm syndrome describes a defect in the diaphragm in which substances pass from the peritoneal cavity to the pleural space. Defects may be congenital or acquired. Acquired defects are caused by the thinning and eventual splitting of collagen fibres in the tendinous part of the diaphragm. Read More

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February 2019

Pleural anthracosis presenting with massive effusion: a rare entity.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00390. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Respiratory Department Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Pleural anthracosis is rare and, in most cases, is diagnosed incidentally or at autopsy. We report a 67-year-old man with pleural anthracosis. He was initially referred for possible tuberculous pleural effusion and had recurrent admissions for symptomatic pleural effusion, which increased with each subsequent episode. Read More

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February 2019

Minimally invasive thoracic surgery for empyema.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):302-310

Clinic for Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

The widely accepted and still increasing use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in pleuro-pulmonary pathology imposes the need to deal with two major pitfalls: the first is to avoid its unselective use, while the second relates to inappropriate rejection of VATS on the basis of "insufficient radicality". Unlike a quite established role of VATS in lung cancer patients, in patients with pleural empyema, the role of VATS is less clearly defined. The current evidence about VATS in patients with pleural empyema could be summarised as follows: VATS is accepted as a useful treatment option for fibrinopurulent empyema, but the treatment failure rate increases with the increasing proportion of stage III empyema, necessitating further surgical options like thoracotomy and decortication. Read More

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December 2018

Emergence of tigecycline resistance in co-producing MCR-1 and NDM-5 during tigecycline salvage treatment.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 13;11:2241-2248. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China,

Objective: Here, we report a case of severe infection caused by that harbored , , and acquired resistance to tigecycline during tigecycline salvage therapy.

Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, Southern blot hybridization, and complete genome sequence of the strains were carried out. The genetic characteristics of the and plasmids were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

Tumour associated lymphocytes in the pleural effusions of patients with mesothelioma express high levels of inhibitory receptors.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 5;11(1):864. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Centre for Asbestos Related Diseases, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: Pleural effusion (PE) is a common feature of malignant pleural mesothelioma. These effusions typically contain lymphocytes and malignant cells. We postulated that the PE would be a source of lymphocytes for analysis of tumor immune milieu. Read More

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December 2018

Exosomes and cells from lung cancer pleura exudates transform LTC4 to LTD4, promoting cell migration and survival via CysLT1.

Cancer Lett 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Physiological Chemistry II, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Tumor-derived exosomes can modulate the cancer microenvironment and induce metastatic spread. Exosomes may carry enzymes for leukotriene (LT) biosynthesis, but the role of exosomal LTs has not been studied in cancer. We isolated exosomes and malignant cells from pleura exudates from 14 patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Read More

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November 2018

Pleural Effusions in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Clinical and Prognostic Significance.

Lung 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Pleural Medicine Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain.

Purpose: Pleural effusion (PEs) may complicate diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). However, their real prevalence and prognostic significance have seldom been approached systematically.

Methods: Retrospective single-center evaluation of consecutive patients with DLBCL was conducted. Read More

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November 2018

Deciduoid type malignant pleural mesothelioma: a case report.

AME Case Rep 2018 4;2:43. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Japan.

Here, we report a patient with deciduoid type malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), which rapidly progressed. A 55-year-old man who might have been exposed to asbestos a few decades ago had severe back pain. The chest X-ray scanning and computed tomography (CT) revealed pleural thickness on his right thoracic space, without the presence of a lung mass. Read More

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October 2018

Treatment of chronic tuberculous empyema by intrapleural injection of anhydrous ethanol.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 12;26:35-38. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Tuberculosis, Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, NO.1 Yintan Road, Dongxihu District, Wuhan 430023, Hubei, China.

Background: Anhydrous ethanol, for its part, has been successfully used to treat renal cyst, hepatocellular carcinoma and ovarian chocolate cyst et al. However, in spite of the high frequency of tuberculous purulent pleural effusion, we found that only a few very early studies that attempted to assess the use of intrapleural anhydrous ethanol in tuberculous effusions with signs of empyema. We report a patient who was injected anhydrous ethanol into pleural cavity to treat chronic tuberculous empyema. Read More

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November 2018

Morbidity and mortality of synchronous hepatectomy with cytoreductive surgery/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC).

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):828-832

Department of Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Background: Liver resection in conjunction with partial colectomy for colon cancer is considered acceptable treatment for isolated metastasis to the liver. This method is unstudied in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for carcinomatosis due to colon cancer and high grade appendiceal cancer.

Methods: A retrospective chart review included patients from 2005 to 2016 undergoing CRS/HIPEC. Read More

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October 2018

Forecasting pulmonary air leak duration following lung surgery using transpleural airflow data from a digital pleural drainage device.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 32):S3747-S3754

Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Prolonged air leak (PAL) is often the limiting factor for hospital discharge after lung surgery. Our goal was to develop a statistical model that reliably predicts pulmonary air leak resolution by applying statistical time series modeling and forecasting techniques to digital drainage data.

Methods: Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) modeling was used to forecast air leak flow from transplural air flow data. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Clinical outcomes of polymeric sealant use in pulmonary resection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 32):S3728-S3739

Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Background: Prolonged alveolar air leak (PAL) is the most common adverse event following pulmonary resection. It carries morbidity for patients by increasing empyema risk, and for hospital administration with the cost of prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS). Intra-operative sealant technology is available to surgeons, and may decrease PAL. Read More

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November 2018

The role of indocyanine green fluorescence for intersegmental plane identification during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery segmentectomies.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3704-S3711

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Federal Hospital #122, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Background: According to recent studies, thoracoscopic segmentectomy is an acceptable alternative to lobectomy for treating different lung diseases. This approach appears to have equivalent rates of postoperative morbidity with potentially similar long-term results even in selected lung cancer patients. At the same time, surgical success is highly dependent on intraoperative interpretation of segmental anatomy. Read More

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November 2018

Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery in the treatment of pleural empyema.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3696-S3703

Competence Center of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The efficacy of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of pleural empyema has recently been proven. Till today, very few works evaluated the role of uniportal-VATS (U-VATS) approach in the treatment of pleural empyema even if it currently represents the most innovative and less invasive thoracoscopic approach. We report our experience with U-VATS in the treatment of pleural empyema. Read More

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November 2018

Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery Roman experience-a report of the first 16-month Roman experience.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3678-S3685

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A.Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The acceptance of uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) for thoracic procedures has been growing worldwide. This study reports one of the widest Italian U-VATS experiences.

Methods: The prospectively collected data of 237 patients underwent a U-VATS procedure, between May 2016 and September 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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November 2018

An unusual complication of pigtail catheter insertion.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5964-5967

Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, USA.

Thoracostomy tubes are indicated for management of air or fluid in the pleural cavity. Pigtail catheters have emerged as an effective and less morbid alternative to traditional large bore chest tubes for evacuation of pleural air or fluid. However, they do not come without complications which commonly include pneumothorax and hemothorax. Read More

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October 2018

X-ray indices of chest drain malposition after insertion for drainage of pneumothorax in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5695-5701

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, 1 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chest drain (CD) migration in the pleural cavity may result in inadequate drainage of pneumothorax. The aim of this study was to assess several parameters that might help in diagnosing CD migration on chest X-ray (CXR).

Methods: Patients with a CD inserted from the safe triangle with a subsequent supine CXR and CT scan performed less than 24 hours apart were assessed for CD foreshortening, angle of inclination of the CD, and CD tortuosity. Read More

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October 2018

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

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December 2018

Management of Pleural Effusion After Mediastinoscopic Radical Esophagectomy.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6919-6925

Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/aim: Trans-hiatal and -cervical approach mediastinoscopic radical esophagectomy (TMrE) for esophageal cancers is a less-invasive procedure and does not require for trans-thoracic approach management. However, some patients suffer from pleural effusion after TMrE. In the present study, we investigated the clinicopathological factors of patients needing drainage of pleural effusion (DPE) after TMrE. Read More

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December 2018

Exosomal MicroRNA Expression Profiling in Patients with Lung Adenocarcinoma-associated Malignant Pleural Effusion.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6707-6714

The Department of Respiratory Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background/aim: Cytological analysis for diagnosing malignant pleural effusion associated with lung adenocarcinoma (Ad-MPE) shows limited sensitivity and novel diagnostic biomarkers are needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile of four microRNAs (miRNAs) in exosomes in Ad-MPE and benign (non-neoplastic) pleural effusion (BPE).

Materials And Methods: A total of 56 pleural effusion samples from patients with lung adenocarcinoma and benign diseases were collected. Read More

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December 2018

Pleural Extramedullary Hematopoiesis due to severe pernicious anemia.

Med Clin (Barc) 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Servicio de Hematología, Hospital Universitario «Dr. José E. González», Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, México.

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November 2018

Anterior mediastinal masses - A multidisciplinary pathway for safe diagnostic procedures.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, St Georges Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to report our multidisciplinary diagnostic approach for patients with anterior mediastinal masses (AMM).

Methods: A retrospective review of patients with AMM at a tertiary pediatric surgical oncology centre (January 2011-December 2016) was performed. We analyzed data on clinical presentation, mode of tissue diagnosis, anesthetic techniques, and complications. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Pathological Characterization of Lymphoma with Pulmonary Involvement in Cats.

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 19;165:6-12. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Setor de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Studies evaluating histological patterns of lung infiltration by lymphoma in cats are lacking. We evaluated retrospectively the histological patterns of 125 necropsy cases of feline lymphoma collected over a 12-year period. Of the 125 cases, 16 showed lung infiltration (12. Read More

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November 2018

Long-Term Outcomes After Thoracoamniotic Shunt for Pleural Effusions With Secondary Hydrops.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 5;233:304-309. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Background: Congenital pleural effusion is a rare condition with an incidence of approximately one per 15,000 pregnancies. The development of secondary hydrops is a poor prognostic indicator and such cases can be managed with a thoracoamniotic shunt (TAS). Our objective is to describe postnatal outcomes in survivors after TAS placement for congenital pleural effusions. Read More

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January 2019

Biodistribution and Tumor Uptake of Ga-Nimotuzumab in a Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Xenograft.

Molecules 2018 Nov 29;23(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Unidad de Investigación Biomédica en Cáncer, INCan/UNAM, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (INCan), Ciudad de México 14080, Mexico.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is the most common tumor of the pulmonary pleura. It is a rare and aggressive malignancy, generally associated with continuous occupational exposure to asbestos. Only a multimodal-approach to treatment, based on surgical resection, chemotherapy and/or radiation, has shown some benefits. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Risk Factors Analysis of Postoperative Pleural Effusion after Liver Resection.

Dig Surg 2018 Dec 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, New Taipei City,

Background: Pulmonary complications remain relatively high in morbidities that arise after liver surgery and are associated with increased length of hospital stay and higher cost. Identification of possible risk factors in this retrospective analysis may help reduce operative morbidity and achieve better outcomes.

Methods: In all, 363 consecutive patients underwent elective hepatectomies between July 2008 and November 2013 and these were identified and analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Preanalytical conditions can interfere with M. tuberculosis detection by PCR in respiratory samples.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Nov 29;73:e410. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Divisao Pulmonar, Instituto do Coracao (InCor), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: Tuberculosis is one of the most prevalent infections in humans. Although culture is the reference for diagnosis, its sensitivity is compromised, especially in paucibacillary samples. Because polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplifies mycobacterial DNA, it is more sensitive than culture for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography findings in patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis syndrome.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0206858. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objective: To characterize the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) pulmonary abnormalities in patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome.

Methods: Pulmonary HRCT images were reconstructed from whole-spine computed tomography (CT) images of 67 patients with SAPHO syndrome. HRCT images of 58 healthy controls were also obtained and reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Outcome in dogs with presumptive idiopathic pericardial effusion after thoracoscopic pericardectomy and pericardioscopy.

Vet Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Objective: To report the outcome of dogs with presumptive echocardiographic idiopathic pericardial effusion treated with thoracoscopic pericardectomy and pericardioscopy.

Study Design: Multi-institutional retrospective study (2011-2017).

Animals: Eighteen dogs. Read More

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December 2018

Pleural Mesothelioma Detects by 18F-Choline PET/CT in a Patient With Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Unit, Veneto Institute of Oncology IOV-IRCCS, Padua, Italy.

A 73-year-old man with a prostate cancer treated by radical prostatectomy in 2006. For a biochemical recurrence of disease (prostate-specific antigen level, 0.1 ng/mL) during hormonal therapy, patient underwent F-choline PET/CT that showed a significant uptake in a diffuse right pleural thickening. Read More

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December 2018

[The frequency of abnormal ultrasonographic findings in the lungs of 129 calves with bronchopneumonia].

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2018 Dec;160(12):737-741

Departement für Nutztiere, Vetsuisse-Fakultät, Universität Zürich.

Introduction: The goal of this study was to analyse the frequency of ultrasonographic findings in 129 calves with bronchopneumonia and to determine how often multiple abnormalities occur in individual calves. The frequency of abnormal ultrasonographic findings ranged from 4 to 88%. Comet-tail artifacts were the most common finding (88%) followed in decreasing order by scattered echogenic foci (69%), air bronchograms (44%), superficial alveolograms (29%), pleural effusion (26%), hepatisation (23%), pleural lesions (18%), fluid bronchograms (14%), lung abscesses (6%) and fibrin deposits or fibrin strands (4%). Read More

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December 2018

Percutaneous lead extraction and repositioning: An effective and safe therapeutic strategy for early ventricular lead perforation with dislocation both inside and outside the pericardial sac following a cardiac device implantation.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Hippokration General Hospital, 114 Vasilisis Sofias str, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Cardiac perforation of the right ventricle associated with pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads' implantation is an uncommon, albeit potentially life-threatening, complication. The aim of this study is to further identify the optimal therapeutic strategy especially when lead dislocation has occurred outside the pericardial sac.

Methods And Results: The study population included 10 consecutive patients (6 female, mean age: 66. Read More

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December 2018

A high-throughput liquid biopsy for rapid rare cell separation from large-volume samples.

Lab Chip 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Microelectronics, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China. and National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Micro/Nano Fabrication, 100871, Beijing, China.

Liquid biopsy techniques for rare tumor cell separation from body fluids have shown enormous promise in cancer detection and prognosis monitoring. This work established a high-throughput liquid biopsy platform with a high recovery rate and a high cell viability based on a previously reported 2.5D micropore-arrayed filtration membrane. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of Efficiency of Pleurodesis Between Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) and Standard Thoracostomy.

Acta Inform Med 2018 Oct;26(3):185-189

Clinic for Thoracic Surgery of University Clinic Centar Sarajevo, Sarajevo Bosnia and Hercegovina.

Background: Chemical pleurodesis is generally accepted palliative dyspnea therapy and preventive of re-accumulation of pleural fluid in patients with malignant pleural effusions.

Aim: Comparative analyses of efficiency of chemical pleurodesis between Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) and standard thoracostomy.

Methods: From 01. Read More

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October 2018

The Association Between Imaging Features of TSCT and the Expression of PD-L1 in Patients With Surgical Resection of Lung Adenocarcinoma.

Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Radiology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression might serve as a predictive biomarker for immune checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer. However, the relationship between PD-L1 expression and imaging features of lung cancer has not been fully understood.

Patients And Methods: A total of 350 patients with pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma who received surgical treatment and had preoperative thin section computed tomography (CT) examination were included. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A subset of CD1c dendritic cells is increased in patients with tuberculosis and promotes Th17 cell polarization.

Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2018 Dec 24;113:189-199. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Key Laboratory of Tuberculosis Prevention and Treatment, Beijing Key Laboratory of New Techniques for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment, Institute of Tuberculosis, 309th Hospital, 17 Hei Shan Hu Road, Haidian, Beijing, 100091, China. Electronic address:

The role of primary subsets of DCs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in humans is incompletely understood. In this study, we identified a CD1c DC subset with phenotype of CD1cCD11cCD19CD11b that was significantly increased in tuberculous pleural effusions and in peripheral blood from patients with TB compared with that from healthy controls (p < 0.0001). Read More

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December 2018

Mediastinal teratoma presenting with hemoptysis and pleuritis misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (empyema).

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 4;18(1):382. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital, National Center for Children's Health, Capital Medical University, Nanlishi Road 56, Xicheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Mediastinal teratoma is uncommon in children. It can be very difficult to diagnose especially in early stage. Rarely, teratoma may rupture into adjacent structures and lead to lung lesions or pleuritis. Read More

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December 2018

Malignant Pleural Effusion: Still A Long Way To Go.

Authors:
Fausto Meriggi

Rev Recent Clin Trials 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Oncology Department - Poliambulanza Foundation, Brescia. Italy.

Background: Malignant pleural effusion, which is a common clinical problem in patients with cancer, may be due to both primary thoracic tumours or to a metastatic spread in the chest and constitutes the first sign of disease in approximately 10% of patients. Almost all cancers can potentially produce a pleural effusion. The presence of malignant tumour cells in the pleural fluid is generally indicative of advanced disease and is associated with high morbidity and mortality with reduced therapeutic options. Read More

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December 2018

Mésothéliome malin pleural : rare et agressif mais des perspectives thérapeutiques nouvelles.

Rev Prat 2016 Feb;66(2):191-197

Service d'oncologie thoracique, hôpital Bichat- Claude Bernard, université Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma: rare and aggressive but with new therapeutic perspectives. CMalignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare tumour secondary to occupational asbestosis exposure. Its incidence has increased continuously since last thirty years, but has reached a plateau in France in men, earlier than anticipated. Read More

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February 2016

Solitary fibrous tumor of central nervous system masquerading as meninigioma: Report of a rare case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;54:10-14. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Deptt. of Pathology, PGIMS Rohtak, Haryana, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin that occurs most often in the visceral pleura. It rarely occurs in the central nervous system (CNS). If they occur intracranially, they are extra-axially located and develop from the meninges. Read More

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November 2018

Asbestos Exposure and Mesothelioma Mortality among Atomic Veterans.

Int J Radiat Biol 2018 Dec 4:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

h Cascade Scientific, Inc ., Bend , OR 97703.

Background: During the Cold War the United States (U.S.) conducted 230 above-ground atmospheric nuclear weapons tests between 1945 and 1962 at the Nevada Test Site and the Pacific Proving Grounds. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads