6,648 results match your criteria Pleural Effusion Imaging


Differentiation malignant from benign pericardial effusion with diffusion-weighted MRI.

Clin Radiol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Masnoura, Egypt.

Aim: To differentiate malignant from benign pericardial effusion with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of diffusion-weighted MRI of 41 patients (29 men and 12 women; mean 39 years) with pericardial effusion. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of pericardial fluid, and associated pericardial mass or pleural effusion was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Midline carcinoma expressing NUT in malignant effusion cytology.

Diagn Cytopathol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California.

Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare and aggressive subset of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma that is defined by t(15,19) and typically presents in the midline structures of the head, neck, and mediastinum. We report two cases of NMC that presented uniquely with malignant pleural and pericardial effusions including one with cardiac tamponade at presentation. The first case is of a 25-year-old male patient who presented with progressive dyspnea associated with palpitations and dizziness on standing, found to have large bilateral pleural effusions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/dc.24150
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.24150DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Pleural empyema in a patient with a perinephric abscess and diaphragmatic defect.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Apr 29;7(3):e00400. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital Nedlands Western Australia Australia.

Pleural infection as a complication of ascending urological infection is rare, and the mechanism often unclear. We report a complicated case of pleural infection and perinephric abscess in a patient who presented with a large right-sided pleural effusion. Pleural fluid culture yielded , an unusual pathogen in pleuro-pulmonary infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.400DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350234PMC

Evaluation of intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy for treatment of pleural carcinomatosis in cats: a retrospective study of eight cases.

J Feline Med Surg 2019 Feb 5:1098612X19826401. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1 ONCOVET, Veterinary Clinic of Referrals, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy in cats with malignant pleural effusion of epithelial origin.

Methods: The medical records of cats with a cytological diagnosis of neoplastic pleural effusion of epithelial origin were reviewed at three referral institutions between January 2013 and June 2018. Only cats treated with intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1098612X19826401DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Isolated Fluorodeoxyglucose Avid Right Pleural Deposits/Effusion on an F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Patients with Ovarian Cancer - Are they almost Certainly Metastatic? An Extrapolation of Atypical Meigs' Syndrome.

Indian J Nucl Med 2019 Jan-Mar;34(1):42-44

Department of Surgical Oncology, VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Majority of ovarian cancer (OC) patients are usually diagnosed at advanced stage and present with peritoneal spread/ascites. Some patients develop pleural deposits/effusion secondary to transdiaphragmatic spread of peritoneal disease/ascites. However, pleural deposits/effusion from OC in the absence of peritoneal disease/ascites are very rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_102_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352638PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Efficacy and safety of sirolimus treatment for intractable lymphatic anomalies: A study protocol for an open-label, single-arm, multicenter, prospective study (SILA).

Regen Ther 2019 Jun 14;10:84-91. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

Introduction: Lymphatic anomalies (LAs) refer to a group of diseases involving systemic dysplasia of lymphatic vessels. These lesions are classified as cystic lymphatic malformation (macrocystic, microcystic or mixed), generalized lymphatic anomaly, and Gorham-Stout disease. LAs occur mainly in childhood, and present with various symptoms including chronic airway problems, recurrent infection, and organ disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reth.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348766PMC
June 2019
1 Read

Disseminated Blastomycosis in a Teenager Presenting with Pleural Effusion and Splenomegaly.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Blastomycosis is caused by a fungus endemic to states and providences bordering the Lawrence Rivers and the Great Lakes. It can lead to significant pathology in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. This case report describes disseminated blastomycosis in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Pulmonary histiocytosis: beyond Langerhans cells related to smoking.

Radiologia 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, Estados Unidos; Department of Radiology, One Hospital Dr, University of Missouri Health System, Columbia, Missouri, Estados Unidos. Electronic address:

Objective: To review the imaging findings for the different types of pulmonary histiocytosis. In particular, in addition to the well-known pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis related to smoking and its possible appearance in nonsmokers, we focus on non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis in Rosai-Dorfman disease and Erdheim-Chester disease. We also review the etiopathogenesis, histology, clinical presentation, and treatment of pulmonary histiocytosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rx.2018.11.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Efficacy and Safety of Microwave Ablation (MWA) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in Difficult Anatomical Sites in Egyptian Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 Jan 25;20(1):295-301. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Email:

Background and aim: Imaging guided microwave ablation (MWA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a widely used method over recent years. Tumors close to the diaphragm, gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas, hepatic hilum and major bile duct or vessels are generally considered relative contraindications for microwave ablation. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasonography-guided MWA in treating patients with HCC in difficult anatomical sites in comparison to those in conventional sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.1.295DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of systemic sirolimus in the treatment of generalized lymphatic anomaly and Gorham-Stout disease.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Jan 22:e27614. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Vascular Anomalies Center, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Generalized lymphatic anomaly (GLA) and Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) are rare complicated lymphatic malformations that occur in multiple body sites and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment options have been limited, and conventional medical therapies have been generally ineffective. Emerging data suggest a role for sirolimus as a treatment option for complex lymphatic anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27614DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Identification of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma of the palate mucosa through genetic and histopathological analysis: a rare case report and literature review.

BMC Cancer 2019 Jan 11;19(1):52. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: Cancers of unknown primary origin (CUPs) are reported to be the 3-4th most common causes of cancer death. Recent years have seen advances in mutational analysis and genomics profiling. These advances could improve accuracy of diagnosis of CUPs and might improve the prognosis of patients with CUPs. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5277-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329170PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Dominant-Current Deep Learning Scheme for Electrical Impedance Tomography.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Deep learning has recently been applied to electrical impedance tomography (EIT) imaging. Nevertheless, there are still many challenges that this approach has to face, e.g. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8606211/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2891676DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Lung hypoperfusion in children with complicated pneumonia may be assessed by Doppler ultrasound of the main pulmonary arteries.

Clin Respir J 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Unit.

Patients with complicated pneumonia usually require invasive procedures and have a protracted course of the disease, although most children have a complete recovery with no evident long-term sequelae. Recovery is monitored by clinical findings, biochemical measurements in blood and imaging studies of the chest (x-ray and ultrasound). Lung ultrasound has been widely used in the study of pneumonia and its complications, but Doppler ultrasound, and echocardiography have been less often. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.12989DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Imaging Patterns of Pediatric Pulmonary Blastomycosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Dec 27:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

4 Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Section of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Objective: The objective of our study was to characterize and update the radiologic patterns of pediatric pulmonary blastomycosis, and correlate the radiologic patterns with patient age.

Materials And Methods: Patients 0-18 years old with pulmonary blastomycosis who underwent chest imaging from 2005 to 2016 were included in this study. The following data were collected: age, sex, clinical information, and imaging findings including presence of extrapulmonary involvement and scarring on follow-up examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.19811DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Pleuropulmonary tuberculosis with spinal lesions due to metastatic malignancy differentiated definitively on imaging.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 22;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia.

A healthy 31-year-old man presenting with back pain was found to have multiple spinal enhancing lesions on MRI. An incidental asymptomatic large pleural effusion was identified on investigations for the back pain and pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) was subsequently diagnosed. The radiographical features on MRI spine were not typical of spinal TB and a Ga68 DOTATATE Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/CT confirmed metastatic paraganglioma with multiple bone metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226160DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Case 261: Thymoma Embedded in Thymus with Pleural Implant in Myasthenia Gravis Lambert-Eaton Overlap Syndrome.

Radiology 2019 Jan;290(1):264-269

From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, University of Torino, Regione Gonzole 10, Orbassano 10043 (Torino), Italy.

History A 29-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of progressive general fatigue, fluctuating limb weakness, and difficulty climbing stairs. She initially experienced occasional episodes of transient diplopia that developed while reading in the evening. She subsequently started to experience dry eyes and mouth, difficulty chewing, and mild dysphagia that worsened throughout the day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018161761DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Detecting EGFR mutations and ALK/ROS1 rearrangements in non-small cell lung cancer using malignant pleural effusion samples.

Thorac Cancer 2019 Feb 19;10(2):193-202. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Cancer Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: The study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using malignant pleural effusion (MPE) as a substitute specimen for genetic testing and to determine the significance of genetic profiling of MPE tumor cells to monitor non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression and therapeutic response.

Methods: We selected 168 NSCLC patients with MPE. We extracted MPE and enriched tumor cells using a custom-designed device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.12932DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Could SUVmax be an auxiliary parameter in the clinical management of pulmonary hydatid disease?

Clin Respir J 2019 Jan;13(1):58-65

Department of Pathology, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hydatid disease and also compare the morphological characteristics of the lesions with SUVmax values and identify complicated disease.

Methods: Thirty-six patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary hydatid disease who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were included in this retrospective study. The size of the lesions, morphological characteristics, accompanying parenchymal and pleural findings, SUVmax and HUmean values and FDG uptake in mediastinal lymph nodes were noted. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/crj.12981
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.12981DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Efficacy and safety of partial splenic embolization for hypersplenism in pre- and post-liver transplant patients: A 16-year comparative analysis.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 27;54:71-77. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Ave, Milstein Hospital - 4 Hudson North, New York, NY 10032, United States of America.

Purpose: To report the effect of partial splenic embolization (PSE) on hematological indices and the procedure's safety in pre- and post-liver transplant (LT) patients.

Materials And Methods: A single-center retrospective study evaluating all patients who underwent PSE over a 16-year period was performed. Inclusion criteria were splenomegaly confirmed by imaging and at least one of the following cytopenias: hemoglobin ≤10 g/dL, WBC count ≤1500 μL, or platelet count ≤100,000 μL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Pleural effusion as an initial manifestation in a patient with primary pulmonary monoclonal B-cell lymphocyte proliferative disease.

Respir Res 2018 Dec 12;19(1):247. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guo Xuexiang #37, Chengdu, 610041, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12931-018-0941-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292110PMC
December 2018

Pleural Effusions in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Clinical and Prognostic Significance.

Lung 2019 Feb 30;197(1):47-51. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Pleural Medicine Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain.

Purpose: Pleural effusion (PEs) may complicate diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). However, their real prevalence and prognostic significance have seldom been approached systematically.

Methods: Retrospective single-center evaluation of consecutive patients with DLBCL was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00408-018-0182-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mediastinal teratoma presenting with hemoptysis and pleuritis misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (empyema).

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 4;18(1):382. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital, National Center for Children's Health, Capital Medical University, Nanlishi Road 56, Xicheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Mediastinal teratoma is uncommon in children. It can be very difficult to diagnose especially in early stage. Rarely, teratoma may rupture into adjacent structures and lead to lung lesions or pleuritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1357-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280544PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Endoscopic repair of spontaneous esophageal rupture during gastroscopy: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13422

Department of Gastroenterology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.

Rationale: Most of esophageal rupture is a very serious life-threatening benign gastrointestinal tract disease with high mortality. However, there are a few cases of spontaneous esophageal rupture during gastroscopy.

Patient Concerns: A 57-year-old man who underwent a routine diagnostic gastroscopy due to food obstruction was reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283190PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Spontaneous middle lobe torsion in a patient with multicentric Castleman disease: A case report.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Medical Imaging, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

We describe a rare case of middle lobe lung torsion in a patient with a tension hydrothorax secondary to multicentric Castleman disease. The case demonstrates the difficulty of diagnosing torsion prospectively, and the possible sequelae of delayed detection. Although imaging features can be confusing, an awareness of this condition and careful image interpretation by radiologists could facilitate early recognition and management of a torted lobe. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.12837
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12837DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

[A Super-Aged Patient with Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC and Malignant Pericardial Effusion Causing Cardiac Tamponade].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Nov;45(11):1637-1639

Dept. of Medical Oncology, Kanazawa Medical University Hospital.

Here we report the case of an 88-year-old female with serious respiratory discomfort who exhibited significant heart enlargement and left pleural effusion in her chest X-ray. She developed cardiac tamponade with massive pericardial effusion, and the cytological analysis and diagnostic imaging revealed adenocarcinoma of an unknown primary site. Although supportive care was offered, due to her super-age and malignant pericardial effusion presenting cardiac tamponade, she and her family requested a detailed examination and active treatment. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Clinical characteristics and prognosis of serous body cavity effusions in patients with sepsis: a retrospective observational study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2018 Nov 14;18(1):169. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cavity effusion is common in patients with infectious diseases. However, the incidence rate and characteristics of serous cavity effusions (SCE) in septic patients are not clear to date. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and characteristics of SCE in septic patients and to explore the correlations between the bloody effusions and the illness severity/prognosis in septic patients. Read More

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https://bmcanesthesiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12871-018-0621-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237031PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Comparison of lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings in children with bronchiolitis.

J Ultrason 2018 ;18(74):193-197

Department of Pneumonology, Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Rabka-Zdrój Branch, Poland.

Respiratory syncytial virus is the main pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis. Usually, there is no indication to perform diagnostic imaging or run laboratory tests in patients with bronchiolitis since the diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation. Chest radiogram can be useful in severe cases. Read More

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http://jultrason.pl/index.php/issues/volume-18-no-74/compari
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15557/JoU.2018.0029DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

Recurrent, late-onset pleural effusions in elderly patients receiving pacemaker therapy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12915

Division of Respiratory Disease, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Late-onset pacemaker-related pleural effusions (PEs) are rare and are often misdiagnosed with other entities. Our study aimed to detail the clinical features and management of PEs long after pacemaker insertion.We conducted a review of 6 consecutive elderly patients with PEs, who had undergone a new pacemaker insertion from September 2014 to January 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221702PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Scan the lung: Point-of-care ultrasound of a pulmonary consolidation with loculated pleural effusion.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 26;37(2):377.e1-377.e3. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Rowan University SOM/Jefferson Health, Stratford, NJ, USA.

Thoracic ultrasound has become an increasingly valuable tool in the evaluation of critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED). The utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to identify suspected pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pleural effusion and pneumonia has been well established (Pagano et al.; Brogi et al. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.054DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Lung Ultrasound for the Cardiologist.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Nov;11(11):1692-1705

Medical Intensive Care Unit, Ambroise-Paré Hospital, Paris-West University, Boulogne, France.

For a cardiologist, lung ultrasound is an add-on to transthoracic echocardiography, just as lung auscultation is part of a cardiac physical examination. A cardiac 3.5- to 5. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1936878X183076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.06.023DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

CT of Gastric Volvulus: Interobserver Reliability, Radiologists' Accuracy, and Imaging Findings.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Jan 7;212(1):103-108. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1 Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify CT findings and determine interobserver reliability of surgically proven gastric volvulus.

Materials And Methods: This single-center retrospective study included 30 patients (21 women, nine men; mean age, 73 years old) with surgically proven gastric volvulus who underwent preoperative CT and 31 age- and sex-matched control subjects (21 women, nine men; mean age, 74 years old) with large hiatal hernias who were imaged for reasons other than abdominal pain. Two blinded radiologists reviewed the CT images and recorded findings of organoaxial and mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus and ischemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20033DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads
2.731 Impact Factor

Bronchobiliary fistula after radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma successfully treated by double drainage.

Respirol Case Rep 2018 Dec 25;6(9):e00376. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Hepatogastroenterology Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital Taipei Taiwan.

For hepatocellular carcinomas, radiofrequency ablation is extensively used to alleviate primary and metastatic hepatic tumours. Common complications of this procedure include bleeding, infection, and hollow organ perforation. We present the case of a patient with hepatoma who underwent radiofrequency ablation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rcr2.376
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.376DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202075PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Complements from the Lung.

N Engl J Med 2018 Nov;379(18):1767-1773

From the Departments of Medicine (N.S.D., C.J.M., B.D.L., J.L.) and Pathology (H.G.R.), Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School - both in Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcps1802644DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Long-term outcome of video-assisted thoracoscopic thoracic duct ligation and pericardectomy in dogs with chylothorax: A multi-institutional study of 39 cases.

Vet Surg 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California.

Objective: To evaluate the long-term outcome of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) thoracic duct ligation (TDL) and pericardectomy for treatment of chylothorax in dogs.

Study Design: Multi-institutional retrospective study.

Animals: Thirty-nine client-owned dogs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vsu.13113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13113DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads
1.041 Impact Factor

Tomographic assessment of thoracic fungal diseases: a pattern and signs approach.

Radiol Bras 2018 Sep-Oct;51(5):313-321

Department of Radiology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Pulmonary fungal infections, which can be opportunistic or endemic, lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. Such infections have multiple clinical presentations and imaging patterns, overlapping with those of various other diseases, complicating the diagnostic approach. Given the immensity of Brazil, knowledge of the epidemiological context of pulmonary fungal infections in the various regions of the country is paramount when considering their differential diagnoses. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-3984.2017.0223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198837PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Pleural tuberculosis: a key differential diagnosis for pleural thickening, even without obvious risk factors for tuberculosis in a low incidence setting.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 27;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

We report the case of a 64-year-old woman, presenting with pleuritic chest pain and weight loss. She had a previous history of breast malignancy and no clear risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). Initial investigations showed a right-sided pleural effusion and pleural thickening suggestive of malignancy, which would have been in keeping with the clinical presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224992DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Pleural loculated empyema masking a CPAM 3 in a newborn infant: A case report with breef literature review.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 12;25:274-279. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

DIM, Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, Section of Diagnostic Imaging, Aldo Moro University of Bari Medical School, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124, Bari (BA), Italy.

Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) are a heterogeneous group of hamartomatous cystic and noncystic lung lesions that result from early airway maldevelopment. Usually they are distinguished according to Stocker's classification in type 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4. We present the case of a 2 weeks old baby who was admitted to hospital with RDS symptoms and left pleural effusion: X rays and CT were suggestive for a pulmonary cystic lesion with pleural complications. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22130071173015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197727PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Resection of primary malignant lung melanoma: a case report.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Nov 25;26(9):710-712. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ohta Nishinouchi Hospital, Koriyama, Fukushima, Japan.

A 74-year-old man presented with chest pain and high-grade fever. Chest radiography revealed a consolidation in the right lower lung lobe, and computed tomography demonstrated atelectasis and infiltration of the right lower lobe, with pleural effusion. Bronchoscopy revealed a tumor occluding the inlet of the lateral/posterior basal segmental bronchus of the right lung, but bronchoscopic biopsy did not lead to a definitive diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492318811735DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

[Advantages and disadvantages of preoperative artificial pneumothorax for medical thoracoscopy].

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2018 Oct;41(10):793-798

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

To expolre the indications, safety, advantages and disadvantages of performing artificial pneumothorax prior to medical thoracoscopy. Data of 152 patients undergoing medical thoracoscopy for pleural diseases in the Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from April 2007 to September 2014 were studied through retrospective analysis. According to the performance of artificial pneumothorax prior to medical thoracoscopy, the pleural space adhesions and the pleural effusions, patients were grouped into artificial pneumothorax group (107 cases) and non-artificial pneumothorax group (45 cases), adhesion group (102 cases) and non-adhesion group (50 cases), and few or no pleural effusion group (94 cases) and massive pleural effusion group (58 cases), respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2018.10.009DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

[Pulmonary cavities with Takayasu arteritis: report of 3 cases and literature review].

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2018 Oct;41(10):787-792

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing 100020, China.

To analyze the clinical features of 3 cases of Takayasu arteritis(TA) with pulmonary cavities on chest computed tomography(CT). The clinical data of 3 TA patients with cavities on the chest CT who were admitted into Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. A literature search was performed with "Takayasu arteritis" and "pulmonary" as the key words in China Knowledge Resource Intergrated Database (CNKI) and Pubmed Database for publications from Jan 1, 2000 to Dec. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2018.10.008DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for lung metastases from colorectal cancer.

Int J Clin Oncol 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

Background: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can be a minimally invasive therapeutic option in patients with lung metastasis from colorectal caner. We aimed to elucidate the safety and survival benefit of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous RFA for lung metastasis from colorectal cancer.

Methods: A total 188 lesions were ablated in 43 patients from 2005 to 2017. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10147-018-1357-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-018-1357-5DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Potential Diagnostic Properties of Chest Ultrasound in Thoracic Tuberculosis-A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 10 12;15(10). Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

: Chest ultrasound (CUS) has been shown to be a sensitive and specific imaging modality for pneumothorax, pneumonia, and pleural effusions. However, the role of chest ultrasound in the diagnosis of thoracic tuberculosis (TB) is uncertain. We performed a systematic search in the medical literature to better define the potential role and value of chest ultrasound in diagnosing thoracic tuberculosis. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/10/2235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210728PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Diagnostic Value of Multi-Slice Spiral Computed Tomography for Bronchial Dysplasia in Premature Infants.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Oct 15;24:7375-7381. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Women and Children Health Institute Futian, University of South China, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) for bronchial dysplasia in premature infants. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 248 premature infants who were highly suspected to have bronchial dysplasia and were admitted to our hospital from 2015 onwards was conducted. We observed bronchus morphologies, sizes, and tissue characteristics using fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FB) as the criterion standard for diagnosis. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/911749
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.911749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198711PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Identification of sparganosis based on next-generation sequencing.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 Dec 11;66:256-261. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

The incidence of sparganosis, a parasitic disease caused by plerocercoid larvae of the genus Spirometra, has gradually risen worldwide (especially in remote areas) in recent years. Pulmonary and pleural sparganosis, as well as other sites of infestation, including the subcutaneous tissues, the abdominal viscera, brain and eyes, has been reported. In clinical practice, due to the atypical signs and symptoms as well as limited laboratory approaches for the specific detection of sparganum, sparganosis is often misdiagnosed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15671348183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

A retrospective study of 157 hospitalized cats with pancreatitis in a tertiary care center: Clinical, imaging and laboratory findings, potential prognostic markers and outcome.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Nov 13;32(6):1874-1885. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Small Animal Internal Medicine, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine - Veterinary Teaching Hospital and Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Background: Pancreatitis in cats (FP) has been increasingly diagnosed in recent years, but clinical studies of large numbers of affected cats are scarce.

Objectives: To describe a large cohort of cats with FP requiring hospitalization.

Animals: One hundred and fifty-seven client-owned cats. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvim.15317
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6271303PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Plankton sign: Pleural effusion.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:35

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.22_12785
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.22_12785DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Jellyfish sign: Pleural effusion.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:33

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.20_12785
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.20_12785DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Ultrasound-Guided versus Thoracoscopic Pleural Biopsy for Diagnosing Tuberculous Pleurisy Following Inconclusive Thoracentesis: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Oct 10;24:7238-7248. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Epidemiology, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Traditional diagnostic methods for tuberculosis (TB) cannot be reliably applied to tuberculous pleurisy. Therefore, this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed to compare the diagnostic sensitivity and safety of ultrasound-guided cutting-needle pleural biopsy versus thoracoscopic pleural biopsy in patients suspected of tuberculous pleurisy following inconclusive thoracentesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 196 adult patients with acid-fast bacillus (AFB)-negative exudative pleural effusions clinically suspected of tuberculous pleurisy were recruited. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/912506
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.912506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192452PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Fluoroscopically guided wide-bore thoracostomy tube placement: Description of the technique and comparison to blind placement.

Vet Surg 2018 Nov 10;47(8):1046-1051. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Dick White Referrals, Six Mile Bottom, Newmarket, United Kingdom.

Objective: To describe and compare fluoroscopic guidance for placement of wide-bore thoracostomy tubes (FGTT) to traditional, blind placement of thoracostomy tubes (BPTT).

Study Design: Prospective clinical trial.

Animals: Twenty client-owned dogs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vsu.13106
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13106DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Supracostal access tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy: minimizing complications.

World J Urol 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Urology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 915 Olentangy River Road, Columbus, OH, 43212, USA.

Introduction And Objective: Supracostal access in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may be avoided due to concern for thoracic complications. The objective of the study is to report the safety and efficacy of supracostal access utilizing a tubeless (stent only) PCNL technique.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective review of perioperative outcomes of 70 patients (76 renal units) who underwent a supracostal tubeless PCNL. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00345-018-2518-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-018-2518-xDOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads