7,215 results match your criteria Pleural Effusion Imaging


Radiomics nomogram for the prediction of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2.

Eur Radiol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, The Navy Military Medical University, Changhai road 168, Shanghai, 200434, China.

Objectives: To develop and validate a radiomics model for predicting 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia.

Methods: For this retrospective study, a radiomics model was developed on the basis of a training set consisting of 136 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and 103 patients with other types of viral pneumonia. Radiomics features were extracted from the lung parenchyma window. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-07032-zDOI Listing

[Preliminary Study on Clinical Features and CT Findings of Common-type Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients in Peking Union Medical College Hospital].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2020 Jun;42(3):376-382

Department of Radiology.

To summarize the clinical characteristics and chest CT findings of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)patients in Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH). A total of 13 patients with COVID-19 confirmed at PUMCH from January 20 to February 6,2020 were selected as the research subjects.Their epidemiological histories,clinical characteristics,laboratory tests,and chest CT findings were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.12588DOI Listing

Laparoscopic transhiatal suture and gastric valve as a safe and feasible treatment for Boerhaave's syndrome: an Italian single center case series study.

World J Emerg Surg 2020 Jul 1;15(1):42. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Upper G.I. Surgery Division, Department of General Surgery, University of Verona, 37126, Verona, Italy.

Background: Boerhaave's syndrome (BS) is a rare life-threating condition with poor prognosis. Unfortunately, due to its very low incidence, no clear evidences or definitive guidelines are currently available: in detail, surgical strategy is still a matter of debate. Most of the case series reports thoracic approach as the most widely used; conversely, transhiatal abdominal management is just described in sporadic case reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-020-00322-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329525PMC

Chest CT imaging signature of COVID-19 infection: in pursuit of the scientific evidence.

Chest 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Radiology, Zuyderland Medical Center, Heerlen/Sittard/Geleen, The Netherlands; Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Chest computed tomography (CT) may be used for the diagnosis of Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but clear scientific evidence is lacking. Therefore, we systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed the chest CT imaging signature of COVID-19.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed for original studies on chest CT findings in patients with COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.06.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314684PMC

Imaging findings in COVID-19 pneumonia.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2020 22;75:e2027. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Instituto de Radiologia (InRad), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged in Wuhan city and was declared a pandemic in March 2020. Although the virus is not restricted to the lung parenchyma, the use of chest imaging in COVID-19 can be especially useful for patients with moderate to severe symptoms or comorbidities. This article aimed to demonstrate the chest imaging findings of COVID-19 on different modalities: chest radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasonography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e2027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297525PMC

COVID-19 findings identified in chest computed tomography: a pictorial essay.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2020 22;18:eRW5741. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The disease caused by the new coronavirus, or COVID-19, has been recently described and became a health issue worldwide. Its diagnosis of certainty is given by polymerase chain reaction. High-resolution computed tomography, however, is useful in the current context of pandemic, especially for the most severe cases, in assessing disease extent, possible differential diagnoses and searching complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31744/einstein_journal/2020RW5741DOI Listing

CT findings of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.

BMC Med Imaging 2020 06 23;20(1):70. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Infectious Disease, Ruian People's Hospital, Wenzhou, 325200, China.

Background: We aimed to describe the chest CT findings in sixty-seven patients infected by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 67 patients hospitalized in Ruian People's Hospital. All the patients received the positive diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12880-020-00471-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309204PMC

CT imaging features of COVID-19 pneumonia: initial experience from Turkey.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Radiology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: We aimed to demonstrate the computed tomography (CT) findings observed at the initial presentation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and reveal the most frequent infiltration and distribution patterns of the disease.

Methods: One hundred and eighty-five patients (87 men, 98 women; mean age, 48.7 years), who underwent RT-PCR sampling and high-resolution CT examination in our hospital between March 15, 2020, and April 15, 2020, and got a definitive diagnosis of COVID-19 disease via initial or follow-up RT-PCR test, were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2020.20307DOI Listing

Papillary Fibroelastoma of the Right Ventricle in the Setting of Multifocal Pulmonary Hemorrhages and Pulmonary Embolization in a 39-Year-Old Man: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jun 16;21:e923074. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Medicine, Arnot Ogden Medical Center, Elmira, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND Papillary fibroelastoma accounts for approximately 24% of all primary cardiac tumors and is the third most common primary cardiac neoplasm. It mostly involves the cardiac valves; however, there have been cases of involvement of the endocardium. Papillary fibroelastoma, although typically benign, can cause a plethora of complications, including systemic embolization, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, and sudden cardiac death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.923074DOI Listing

Acute pneumonitis and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage secondary to silicone embolism: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(24):e20578

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Icesi.

Rationale: Polydimethylsiloxane, commonly referred as silicone, is an inert liquid compound used in esthetic procedures due to its durability and thermal stability, yet the application of non-pure silicone generates risks. One of the complications is systemic embolism syndrome which is presents with fever, hypoxemia, and progression to respiratory failure, diffuse alveolar damage and alveolar hemorrhage, as well as neurological alterations in one-third of the cases. Management is strictly supportive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020578DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302641PMC

Imaging features of the initial chest thin-section CT scans from 110 patients after admission with suspected or confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19.

BMC Med Imaging 2020 06 15;20(1):64. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Medical Imaging, Anqing Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Renmin road, Anqing, 246000, Anhui, China.

Background: In December 2019, an outbreak of a novel coronavirus pneumonia, now called COVID-19, occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. COVID-19, which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread quickly across China and the rest of the world. This study aims to evaluate initial chest thin-section CT findings of COVID-19 patients after their admission at our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12880-020-00464-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294760PMC

Clinical and radiological features of novel coronavirus pneumonia.

J Xray Sci Technol 2020 ;28(3):391-404

Department of Medical Imaging, Shenzhen Center for Chronic Disease Control, Guangdong Shenzhen 518020, China.

Recently, COVID-19 has spread in more than 100 countries and regions around the world, raising grave global concerns. COVID-19 transmits mainly through respiratory droplets and close contacts, causing cluster infections. The symptoms are dominantly fever, fatigue, and dry cough, and can be complicated with tiredness, sore throat, and headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/XST-200687DOI Listing
January 2020

First Detection of SARS-CoV-2 by Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay in Pleural Fluid.

Chest 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Pulmonology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy; Department of Biomedical Sciences and Public Health, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic infection due to the spread of a novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), resulting in a wide range of clinical features, from asymptomatic carriers to ARDS. The gold standard for diagnosis is nucleic acid detection by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal swabs. However, due to limitations in this technique's sensitivity, thoracic imaging plays a crucial, complementary role in diagnostic evaluation and also allows for detection of atypical findings and potential alternative targets for sampling (eg, pleural effusion). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.05.583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287448PMC

CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: experience of a single center in Southern Italy.

Infez Med 2020 Jun;28(suppl 1):104-110

Radiology Unit "G. Criscuoli" Hospital, Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi, Avellino, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to report the radiological features of chest CT scan of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) living in a town in Southern Italy where a significant outbreak of the disease occurred.

Methods: We revised the CT scan of 62 patients (34 male, 28 female, mean age 71 +/- 14 years) with clinical and laboratory signs of COVID-19, as assessed by positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR testing. All patients underwent chest CT at the time of admission to the hospital. Read More

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Diagnostic Utility of CT and Fluoroscopic Esophagography for Suspected Esophageal Perforation in the Emergency Department.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2020 Jun 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215.

We evaluated the diagnostic utility of CT in emergency department (ED) patients with suspected esophageal perforation and assessed whether subsequent fluoroscopic esophagography is necessary. This retrospective study included consecutive adult patients presenting to an urban academic tertiary care ED from January 1, 2000, to August 31, 2017, who underwent CT and fluoroscopic esophagography within 1 calendar day (< 27 hours) of each other for suspected esophageal perforation. The use of oral or IV contrast material and the CT findings (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.19.22166DOI Listing

Radiology of COVID-19 - Imaging the pulmonary damage.

Authors:
Saba Sohail

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 May;70(Suppl 3)(5):S60-S63

Radiology Department, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital Karachi.

A large part of the world is presently in the grip of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 virus), declared a pandemic in March 2020. This document is a brief commentary of the imaging modalities used in the screening, diagnosis and management of COVID-19 pneumonia. Chest x-rays, especially portable, still form a part of majority of official guidelines, with reports of the suggestive radiologic features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/JPMA.21DOI Listing

Endoscopic management of pancreaticopleural fistula in a pediatric patient: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(23):e20657

Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Introduction: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare but serious complication of pancreatic disorders. As the clinical presentations of PPF are often deceptive, it can cause a delay in the timely diagnosis and proper treatment. PPF is extremely uncommon in pediatric patients, and diagnostic and management strategies for PPF among pediatric patients are scanty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020657DOI Listing
June 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

[Diagnosis of malignant pleural effusions using convolutional neural networks by the morphometric image analysis of facies of pleural exudate].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2020 (5):42-48

National Research University Higher School of Economics in Perm, Perm, Russia.

Objective: To estimate the possibility of diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion using convolutional neural networks of facies images of pleural exudates obtained by the method of wedge-shaped dehydration.

Material And Methods: We studied 163 images of pleural fluid facies obtained by wedge-shaped dehydration in patients with various pleural effusions (10 nosological groups). Recognition and analysis were carried out using convolutional neural network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202005142DOI Listing

Internal thoracic lymphadenopathy and pulmonary tuberculosis.

Clin Imaging 2020 May 3;67:11-14. Epub 2020 May 3.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: Internal thoracic lymphadenopathy (ITL) has been associated with malignancies and non-tuberculous empyema. However, the association between ITL and active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and the correlation between ITL and other imaging characteristics of active PTB has not been examined.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort study comprising 137 adults with active PTB who had a concomitant chest CT over a seven-year period was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.04.033DOI Listing

Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Cryoablation for ‎ Subcardiac Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Safety, Efficacy, Therapeutic Results and Risk Factors for Survival Outcomes.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 12;12:3333-3342. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical safety, efficacy, therapeutic outcomes and risk factors of computed tomography-guided percutaneous cryoablation (CT-PCRA) for subcardiac hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Patients And Methods: In this study, patients with single HCC nodules located on the left lobe who subsequently underwent CT-PCRA were reviewed from July 2012 to August 2016. According to the definition of subcardiac HCC, the patients were grouped into the subcardiac HCC group (n=33) and the non-subcardiac HCC group (n=40). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S250652DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229785PMC

Fatal fungaemia due to Cryptococcus albidus in an elderly diabetic woman presenting with pleural effusion.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2020 29;62:e34. Epub 2020 May 29.

Universidad del Rosario, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Grupo de Estudios en Microbiología Traslacional y Enfermedades Emergentes, Bogotá, Colombia

This is a fatal case of fungaemia due to Cryptococcus albidus in an elderly woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented pleural effusion as the only clinical presentation. Not only infections of the pleura are uncommon presentations of pulmonary cryptococcosis, but these infections due to non-C. neoformans species are extremely rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946202062034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266613PMC

Utility of chest CT in diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian City, China.

Purpose: We aimed to explore the imaging findings of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its clinical value for further evaluation of suspected cases.

Methods: Files of 155 patients visiting the fever clinics at our hospital and affiliated hospitals from January 20th to February 9th, 2020 were searched. Among them, 140 cases (including 82 males and 58 females) were included as suspected COVID-19 cases based on clinical and epidemiological history; the CT image features of 70 cases with suggestive findings on CT, confirmed by positive nucleic acid test were analyzed and evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2020.20144DOI Listing

The clinical characteristics and risk factors for necrotizing pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jun 1;20(1):391. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Pulmonology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics-Peking University Teaching Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: The incidence of necrotizing pneumonia (NP) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is increasing. We analyzed the clinical characteristics and the risk factors for NP caused by MP.

Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 37 patients with NP caused by MP (NP group) and 74 patients diagnosed with lobar M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05110-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268704PMC

Diagnostic impact of bedside chest X-ray features of 2019 novel coronavirus in the routine admission at the emergency department: case series from Lombardy region.

Eur J Radiol 2020 May 26;129:109092. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, "San Gerardo" Hospital, Via Pergolesi 33, 20900, Monza, MB, Italy; Department of Diagnostic Radiology, H Papa Giovanni XIII, Piazza OMS 1, 24127, Bergamo, BG, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and the imaging features of routine admission chest X-ray in patients suspected for novel Coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2) infection.

Method: We retrospectively evaluated clinical and X-ray features in all patients referred to the emergency department for suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection between March 1st and March 13th. A single radiologist with more than 15 years of experience in chest-imaging evaluated the presence and extent of alveolar opacities, reticulations, and/or pleural effusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.109092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250080PMC

Coronavirus disease 2019: initial high resolution computed tomography imaging feature analysis: report of seven cases.

Jpn J Infect Dis 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University.

The number of reported cases of the new coronavirus disease named "severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2" (SARS-CoV-2) has increased since December 2019. The initial high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images of seven patients with diagnosed COVID-19 in the Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University, China, were collected and analyzed. The study showed that all patients had close contact with COVID-19 patient and presented with fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7883/yoken.JJID.2020.098DOI Listing

Relationship between clinical types and radiological subgroups defined by latent class analysis in 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2.

Eur Radiol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, The Navy Military Medical University, Changhai road 168, Shanghai, 200434, China.

Objectives: To investigate whether meaningful subgroups sharing the CT features of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia could be identified using latent class analysis (LCA) and explore the relationship between the LCA-derived subgroups and clinical types.

Methods: This retrospective review included 499 patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia between February 11 and March 8, 2020. Subgroups sharing the CT features were identified using LCA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06973-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261041PMC

Lung aeration in experimental malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome by SPECT/CT analysis.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233864. Epub 2020 May 29.

Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an inflammatory disease causing alveolar-pulmonary barrier lesion and increased vascular permeability characterized by severe hypoxemia. Computed tomography (CT), among other imaging techniques, allows the morphological and quantitative identification of lung lesions during ARDS. This study aims to identify the onset of malaria-associated ARDS development in an experimental model by imaging diagnosis. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233864PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259762PMC

Chest X-ray features of SARS-CoV-2 in the emergency department: a multicenter experience from northern Italian hospitals.

Respir Med 2020 May 22;170:106036. Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Via Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, MB, Italy; Department of Diagnostic Radiology, H Papa Giovanni XIII, Piazza OMS 1, 24127, Bergamo, BG, Italy.

Objectives: To evaluate the imaging features of routine admission chest X-ray in patients referred for novel Coronavirus 2019 infection.

Methods: All patients referred to the emergency departments, RT-PCR positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection were evaluated. Demographic and clinical data were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2020.106036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243792PMC

Preliminary CT findings of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Clin Imaging 2020 May 12;65:124-132. Epub 2020 May 12.

Medical Imaging Center, Shiyan Taihe Hospital, Shiyan, Hubei 442000, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This paper aims to examine the CT imaging characteristics of COVID-19.

Methods: We evaluated CT images obtained between 10 January 2019 and 16 February 2020 at Taihe Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.04.042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214302PMC

A Comparison of Clinical and Chest CT Findings in Patients With Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19).

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2020 May 26:1-7. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Radiology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and chest CT findings in patients with influenza A (H1N1) pneumonia and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia. Thirty patients with diagnosed influenza A (H1N1) virus infection (group A) and 30 patients with diagnosed COVID-19 (group B) were retrospectively enrolled in the present study. The clinical characteristics and chest CT findings of the two groups were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.23214DOI Listing

[Clinical analysis of chest infections caused by group].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 May;100(20):1578-1581

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining 272013, China.

To clarify the clinical characteristics of chest infections caused by group (SAG). A total of 26 patients diagnosed in Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2014 to October 2019 were enrolled. The analyzed clinical data included baseline data, clinical symptoms, imaging manifestations, therapies, and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20191204-02635DOI Listing

Bicavitary eosinophilic effusion in a dog with coccidioidomycosis.

J Vet Intern Med 2020 May 24. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Pathology and Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona, USA.

This is a case of coccidioidomycosis in a dog, examined for vomiting and labored breathing. Physical examination and thoracic and abdominal imaging revealed pleural and peritoneal effusions, both of which exhibited neutrophilic inflammation with a substantial eosinophilic component. The dog had positive IgM and IgG coccidioidomycosis titers at initial evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15810DOI Listing

CT findings of COVID-19 in follow-up: comparison between progression and recovery.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Purpose: We aimed to retrospectively analyze the imaging changes detected in the follow-up of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients on thin-section computed tomography (CT).

Methods: We included 54 patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The mean interval between the initial and follow-up CT scans was 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2019.20176DOI Listing

A Case of Coronavirus Infection Incidentally Found on FDG PET/CT Scan.

Clin Nucl Med 2020 Jul;45(7):e303-e304

From the Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

We present a highly suspicious case of COVID-19 infection, incidentally found on F-FDG PET/CT images. Patient was scanned on February, 25, 2020, when COVID-19 outbreak was unrecognized in our country. She admitted having recent occasional dry cough and fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000003084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268833PMC

Liver cirrhosis in a child associated with Castleman's disease: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 May;8(9):1656-1665

Department of Pediatric Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Saiseikai Yokohama City Tobu Hospital, Yokohama 230-8765, Japan.

Background: Castleman's disease (CD) is a lymphoproliferative disorder. TAFRO syndrome is classified as a variant of CD based on its key clinical manifestations of thrombocytopenia, anasarca (generalized edema and pleural effusion), fever (pyrexia), reticulin fibrosis in the bone marrow and the proliferation of megakaryocytes, and organomegaly (such as hepatosplenomegaly and multiple lymphadenopathies); TAFRO syndrome is mainly reported in Japanese patients. To our knowledge, this is the first pediatric case report detailing a CD-associated disorder progressing to cirrhosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i9.1656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211522PMC

CT imaging features of 34 patients infected with COVID-19.

Clin Imaging 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Radiology, Tai'an Central Hospital, Shandong First Medical University, Tai'an 271000, Shandong, China.

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the CT findings in patients infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Materials And Methods: The thirty-four cases, 15 females and 19 males, with an age ranging from 7 to 88 years old, confirmed by real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), were used for our study. All thin-section CT scans of the lungs were performed in all of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.05.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229931PMC

Chest CT imaging characteristics of COVID-19 pneumonia in preschool children: a retrospective study.

BMC Pediatr 2020 05 18;20(1):227. Epub 2020 May 18.

Huaxi MR Research Center (HMRRC), Functional and molecular imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, PR China.

Background: Recently, the World Health Organization has declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. So far, however, limited data are available for children. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the clinical and chest CT imaging characteristics of COVID-19 in preschool children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02140-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232932PMC
May 2020
1.918 Impact Factor

Surgery for retrosternal goiter: cervical approach.

Gland Surg 2020 Apr;9(2):392-400

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: Retrosternal goiter refers to when the thyroid gland extends from the neck to the substernal portion, descending below the thoracic inlet into the mediastinum. It is typically accompanied by compressive symptoms, and most patients need to undergo surgery. This retrospective study set out to analyze the surgical approach to retrosternal goiter and to evaluate perioperative complications, with the aim of recommending best surgical technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2020.03.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225497PMC

Case report: IgG4-related renal disease co-existing with retroperitoneal fibrosis.

Transl Androl Urol 2020 Apr;9(2):794-799

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea.

A 51-year-old woman visited our clinic for orthopnea, chest discomfort, and facial and leg edema. Acute kidney injury and pleural effusion were diagnosed and she received hemodialysis. This is a rare case of IgG4-related disease diagnosed by renal biopsy in the patient with retroperitoneal fibrosis and severe acute kidney injury, which progressed rapidly and required hemodialysis without markedly elevated serum IgG4 level and urinary tract obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tau.2020.02.06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215037PMC

Comparison on frequencies of pericardial effusion and tamponade following open heart surgery in patients with or without low negative pressure suction on chest tube.

Am J Cardiovasc Dis 2020 15;10(1):1-5. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Orange Park Medical Center Florida, USA.

Introduction: Pericardial effusion and tamponade are accounted as the two most important complications following open-heart surgeries which are known to increase mortality and morbidity rates. Putting a low negative pressure suction on the chest tube of patients might be a useful way for better drainage and also reducing the occurrence of pericardial effusion and tamponade. In the present study, we aimed to compare the prevalence of pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients undergoing open-heart surgeries with and without low negative pressure suction on the chest tube. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218685PMC

Prediction of the Development of Pulmonary Fibrosis Using Serial Thin-Section CT and Clinical Features in Patients Discharged after Treatment for COVID-19 Pneumonia.

Korean J Radiol 2020 06;21(6):746-755

Department of Radiology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuchang District, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Objective: To identify predictors of pulmonary fibrosis development by combining follow-up thin-section CT findings and clinical features in patients discharged after treatment for COVID-19.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study involved 32 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were divided into two groups according to the evidence of fibrosis on their latest follow-up CT imaging. Clinical data and CT imaging features of all the patients in different stages were collected and analyzed for comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2020.0215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231610PMC

Ultrasound for identifying pleural effusion aetiology: have you checked the ribs?

Thorax 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Centre for Respiratory Medicine, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-214866DOI Listing

COVID-19 pneumonia: CT findings of 122 patients and differentiation from influenza pneumonia.

Eur Radiol 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Cardiology, Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing, 404100, China.

Objectives: To investigate the clinical and chest CT characteristics of COVID-19 pneumonia and explore the radiological differences between COVID-19 and influenza.

Materials And Methods: A total of 122 patients (61 men and 61 women, 48 ± 15 years) confirmed with COVID-19 and 48 patients (23 men and 25 women, 47 ± 19 years) confirmed with influenza were enrolled in the study. Thin-section CT was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06928-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216854PMC

Lung ultrasound in the monitoring of COVID-19 infection.

Authors:
Yale Tung-Chen

Clin Med (Lond) 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain and associate professor, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio, Madrid, Spain

Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the most common severe complications. There is growing evidence regarding the imaging findings of COVID-19 in chest X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans; however, their availability to clinical staff in this pandemic outbreak might be compromised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/clinmed.2020-0123DOI Listing

2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia with onset of dizziness: a case report.

Ann Transl Med 2020 Apr;8(7):506

Department of Neurology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, China.

The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) epidemic continues, with the number of infections and deaths increasing. The respiratory tract is the main route of transmission of the virus, and the majority of symptoms are respiratory relative. Until now, there has been no reports concerning the nervous system onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2020.03.89DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210151PMC

Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with pneumonia caused by .

J Thorac Dis 2020 Apr;12(4):1305-1311

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, South Korea.

Background: , considered to be an environmental organism, is a rare cause of human infections. Although in recent years the frequency of infections reported in the literature has increased, few cases of pneumonia caused by have been described. Here, we investigate the clinical characteristics, management, and clinical outcomes of pneumonia caused by . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2020.02.56DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212158PMC

Comparison of chest CT findings between COVID-19 pneumonia and other types of viral pneumonia: a two-center retrospective study.

Eur Radiol 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, The Navy Military Medical University, Changhai road 168, Shanghai, 200434, China.

Objectives: To compare the pulmonary chest CT findings of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia with those with other types of viral pneumonia.

Methods: This retrospective review includes 154 patients with RT-PCR-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia diagnosed between February 11 and 20, 2020, and 100 patients with other types of viral pneumonia diagnosed between April 2011 and December 2020 from two hospitals. High-resolution CT (HRCT) of the chest was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06925-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214022PMC

Lower Respiratory Tract Infection with Human Metapneumovirus: Chest CT Imaging Features and Comparison with Other Viruses.

Eur J Radiol 2020 Jul 23;128:108988. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

The Perlelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Radiology, Silverstein 1, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Human metapneumovirus has been increasingly identified as a cause of lower respiratory tract infection in adults worldwide. The CT imaging features of human metapneumovirus in adults have not been characterized. The purpose of this paper is to determine the imaging features of human metapneumovirus and to compare them with features of other viruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.108988DOI Listing

First CT characteristic appearance of patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2020 Mar;45(3):262-268

Department of Radiology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013.

Objectives: To investigate imaging features of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to provide concrete evidences for diagnosis of COVID-19.

Methods: Imaging data of the first chest CT examination and clinical data (age, sex, clinical history, epidemiological history, and laboratory tests) of 163 patients with COVID-19 from 2 hospitals were collected for retrospective analysis. Imaging features of the first chest CT examination and the correspondence between CT manifestations and the nucleic acid test results of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2020.200136DOI Listing