6,725 results match your criteria Pleural Effusion Imaging


Usefulness of ultrasound in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):11-15

Department of Critical Care, King Hamad University Hospital, Al Muharaq, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening disease. Different imaging techniques have been used to diagnose and guide the ventilatory management of patients with ARDS. Chest ultrasound is a reliable tool to identify interstitial syndrome, lung consolidation, lung collapse, and pleural effusion. Read More

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http://www.ijciis.org/text.asp?2019/9/1/11/253758
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_30_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423925PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Urinothorax: A rare complication of percutaneous nephrostomy.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Jun 3;14(6):729-733. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Diagnostic Radiology, 1542 Tulane Avenue, Room 343, New Orleans, LA 70112-2784 USA.

We present a case of a urinothorax resulting from treatment of genitourinary pathology. The presentation, diagnosis, and management of a 46-year-old female with an urinothorax are discussed. Urinothorax is a rare cause of a pleural effusion, most commonly arising from a traumatic etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2019.03.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447739PMC

Update in the Management of Pleural Effusions.

Med Clin North Am 2019 May;103(3):475-485

Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, The Vanderbilt Clinic, 1301 Medical Center Drive, B-817 The Vanderbilt Clinic, Nashville, TN 37232-5735, USA. Electronic address:

Pleural effusions are a common clinical problem for the primary care physician. Over the past 10 years, there has been a paradigm shift in the field due to emergence of new evidence, which includes the ubiquitous use of thoracic ultrasound, the reemergence of pleuroscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality, the widespread use of indwelling pleural catheters for malignant pleural effusions, and the evidence-based approach to management of complex parapneumonic effusions. This review focuses on these advancements with an emphasis on practical clinical application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2018.12.007DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma in a Child Presenting With Superior Mediastinal Syndrome and Chylous Pleural and Pericardial Effusion.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Departments of Pediatric Oncology.

Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma. It comprises <3% of all pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs). Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma usually presents with serous pleural effusion, but presentation with chylous pleural and pericardial effusions is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001472DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Ultrasonography of the Lung.

Rofo 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia.

Background:  High diagnostic accuracy, increasing clinical experience and technical improvements are good reasons to consider lung ultrasound (US) for the assessment of pleural and pulmonary diseases. In the emergency room and in intensive care, it is well acknowledged, but application in other settings is rare. The aim of this review is to update potential users in general radiology about the diagnostic scope of lung US and to encourage more frequent use of this generally underestimated lung imaging modality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0881-3179DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

99mTc-SC lymphoscintigraphy and SPECT/CT findings in a case report of Gorham-Stout disease presenting with chylothorax and bone pain.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15023

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College.

Rationale: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare disorder characterized by multiple osteolytic lesions, sometimes complicated by chylothorax. The aim of this case report is to introduce a very rare case of Gorham-Stout syndrome, which involved several bones along with chylous pericardial and pleural effusions detected by Tc-sulfur colloid (SC) lymphoscintigraphy and single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT).

Patient Concerns: A 15-year-old girl presented to our hospital complaining of shortness of breath and bone pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015023DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Empyema and pyogenic spondylitis caused by direct Streptococcus gordonii infection after a compression fracture: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 3;5(1):52. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Orthopedics, National Hospital Organization Matsumoto Medical Center, 2-20-30 Murai-Machi-Minami, Matsumoto, 399-0021, Japan.

Background: Empyema and pyogenic spondylitis are common diseases that are often caused by oral pathogens in direct or hematogenous infection. However, there exists no report describing empyema and pyogenic spondylitis caused by oral pathogens after a compression fracture of the vertebral body. Herein, we report a case of empyema and pyogenic spondylitis caused by direct Streptococcus gordonii infection after a compression fracture of the vertebral body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0613-xDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Skull and Spinal Ewing's Sarcoma in Children: An Institutional Study.

J Pediatr Neurosci 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):392-397

Department of Pathology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Ewing's sarcoma is a disease of children and young adults and occurs most often in bone and soft tissues. The intracranial and spinal manifestation of the disease is rare and reported incidence is 1%-6%.

Aims And Objectives: We conducted this study to determine the surgical outcome of children with skull and spine Ewing's sarcoma (SSES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JPN.JPN_109_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413598PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Optimal imaging conditions for the diagnosis of pleuroperitoneal communication.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 31;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan.

A 70-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease caused by a polycystic kidney disease developed massive right-sided pleural effusion 10 days after the initiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC) was suspected, computed tomographic peritoneography on usual breath holding did not show leakage. Therefore, we instructed her to strain with maximal breathing, which caused a jet of contrast material to stream from the peritoneal cavity into the right pleural cavity and allowed the identification of the exact site of the diaphragm defect. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22894
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228940DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Clinical Scenarios of the Application of Electrical Impedance Tomography in Paediatric Intensive Care.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 29;9(1):5362. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Paediatric Critical Care Unit, Nottingham Children's Hospital, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.

EIT is a radiation-free functional modality that enables bedside imaging and monitoring of lung function and expansion. Clinical interest in this method has been driven by the need for bedside monitoring of the dynamics of the lungs and the effects of ventilatory manoeuvres, including changes in ventilator settings, suctioning, chest drains, positioning and physiotherapy. We aimed to describe the use of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) as a clinical tool in a tertiary Paediatric Intensive Care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41774-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441075PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

A Case of Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Complicated with Bilateral Chylothorax.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2019 17;2019:8357893. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

We present the case of a 74-year-old Japanese woman who presented with dyspnea, a palpable right breast mass, and swollen right axillary lymph node. Imaging studies revealed bilateral pleural effusion and systemic lymph adenopathy and pleural fluid study showed high levels of triglycerides. A right inguinal lymph node biopsy disclosed malignant lymphoma cells that were human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) provirus DNA-positive, a condition endemic to patient's birthplace, by the Southern blot hybridization method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8357893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398058PMC
February 2019

Computed Tomography Angiography Findings in Pulmonary Embolism Patients Vary Following Thrombolytic Treatment.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Mar;21(3):203-207

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most frequently occurring cardiovascular disease. However, the clinical presentation in patients with PE is variable.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of radiological findings detected in contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) and their significance in patients with PE; and to assess whether the CTA findings differed in patients receiving tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) therapy from those who did not. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Development and validation of the PET-CT score for diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine and Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, 8 Gongti Nanlu, Chao-Yang District, Beijing, 100020, China.

Purpose: Although some parameters of positron emission tomography with F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) and computed tomography (PET-CT) are somehow helpful in differentiating malignant pleural effusion (MPE) from benign effusions, no individual parameter offers sufficient evidence for its implementation in the clinical practice. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic accuracy of a scoring system based on PET-CT (the PET-CT score) in diagnosing MPE.

Methods: One prospective derivation cohort of patients with pleural effusions (84 malignant and 115 benign) was used to develop the PET-CT score for the differential diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-019-04287-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
5.383 Impact Factor

Pseudocyst of the pancreas masquerading as spontaneous pneumomediastinum.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Mar 13;2019(3):rjz068. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia.

Pseudocyst of the pancreas extending into the thorax represents a rare but potentially catastrophic diagnosis. It can be difficult to both diagnose and manage, with only limited management suggestions within the literature. While pleural effusion is a common complication of pancreatitis, transthoracic extension of a pseudocyst is a rare phenomenon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjz068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415621PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Prospective Analysis of the Predictive Value of Sonographic Pleural Fluid Echogenicity for the Diagnosis of Exudative Effusion.

Respiration 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Pleural effusion echogenicity on ultrasound has previously been suggested to allow identification of exudates. A case series suggested that homogenously echogenic effusions are always exudates. With modern imaging techniques and more advanced ultrasound technology, this may no longer be true. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496153DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

MRI evaluation of pulmonary lesions and lung tissue changes induced by tuberculosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 12;82:138-146. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Radiology, The People's Hospital of Longhua, Shenzhen, Southern Medical University, Guangdong, China; Graduate School, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China; Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with an advanced motion correction technique in characterizing lung tissue changes and lesions induced by pulmonary tuberculosis (TB).

Methods: Sixty-three subjects with computed tomography (CT) features of pulmonary TB underwent lung MRI. All subjects with pulmonary TB were confirmed by acid-fast bacillus (AFB) testing or the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Clinical significance of pleural effusions and association with outcome in patients hospitalized with a first episode of acute pericarditis.

Intern Emerg Med 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

First Cardiology Department, Hippokration General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Vas. Sofias 114, 11528, Athens, Greece.

The clinical significance of pleural effusions (PLEs) in the setting of acute pericarditis remains poorly investigated. We sought to identify predictive factors for PLEs and their association with the short- and long-term prognosis of patients with acute pericarditis. We enrolled 177 patients hospitalized with a first episode of acute pericarditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-019-02041-3DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A 75 year old male with recurrent unilateral pleural effusion and positive ANA.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 22;26:301-303. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States.

This case report describes the clinical course and diagnostic challenges arising in a 75 year old man who initially presented with progressive shortness of breath. Imaging revealed a pleural effusion, which was recurrent following thoracentesis. While his initial workup suggested an autoimmune etiology, further diagnostic testing revealed a diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2019.02.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396095PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

First report of sparganosis manifested by pleuritis and decreased peripheral blood eosinophils in Jiangsu province, China.

Parasitol Res 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 121 Jiangjiayuan Road, Nanjing, 210011, China.

Sparganosis is a parasitic infection caused by the metacestode stage of Spirometra mansoni and some other related diphyllobothriidean cestodes. Although various internal organs were involved in sparganum infection, pulmonary and pleural involvement is rarely reported. We herein report an uncommon form of sparganosis manifested by pleuritis and decreased peripheral blood eosinophils. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-019-06268-zDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

[Congenital intracapsular hemorrhage of pulmonary cyst complicated with infection: A case report].

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Jan;44(1):112-116

Department of Respiratory Disease, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China.

Congenital pulmonary cyst is a common benign disease in the lung, but intracapsular hemorrhage combined with infection is rare, which is easy to be misdiagnosed. A 14-year-old male patient presented fever for one week and companied with right chest pain and blood in sputum for 5 days. The external hospital diagnosed the disease as "the cause of pleural effusion" which the patient still had fever and intraluminal active hemorrhage after performing closed drainage of pleural cavity, draining haemorrhagic fluid, and the treatment of anti-infection, thoracic irrigation, and thoracoscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Thoracic complications of pancreatitis.

JGH Open 2019 Feb 22;3(1):71-79. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Gastroenterology Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh India.

Acute pancreatitis in its severe form may lead to systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multisystem organ dysfunction. Acute lung injury is an important cause of mortality in the setting of severe acute pancreatitis. Besides lung involvement, acute and chronic pancreatitis may also lead to the involvement of other thoracic compartments, including mediastinum, pleura, and vascular structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386740PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Cytologic diagnosis of metastatic malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast in pleural effusion.

Diagn Cytopathol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

A 54-year-old woman presented with a left breast mass, discovered 4 years ago but was static until 2 months before presentation, when it showed a rapid increase in size and became painful. Mammography showed a large lobulated mass with internal cystic components (BI-RADS 4B). A biopsy was performed, followed by modified radical mastectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.24151DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Approach to malignant pleural effusions: Role of pleural manometry exemplified by case scenarios.

Lung India 2019 Mar-Apr;36(2):142-148

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Issues related to the management of pleural effusion in India are unique. With high incidence of tuberculosis and malignancy, managing patients with pleural effusion may not be the same between patients. Decisions on intercostal chest drain insertion, volume of fluid to be removed during therapeutic thoracentesis, and further diagnostic imaging and investigations are often taken with difficulty in low-resource settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_153_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410581PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Incidence and evolution of imaging changes on cone-beam CT during and after radical radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.

Radiother Oncol 2019 Mar 31;132:121-126. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Radiotherapy, Clatterbridge Cancer Centre NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom; Department of Molecular and Clinical Cancer Medicine, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Background And Purpose: Cone beam CT (CBCT) is used to improve accuracy of radical radiotherapy by adjusting treatment to the observed imaging changes. To ensure appropriate adjustment, image interpretation should precede any changes to treatment delivery. This study provides the methodology for image interpretation and the frequency and evolution of the changes in patients undergoing radical radiotherapy for localised and locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.12.009DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Retrospective Comparative Analysis of Computed Tomography Findings of Acute and Chronic Aortic Dissections and Intramural Hematomas.

J Thorac Imaging 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of ancillary imaging findings in distinguishing acute from chronic aortic dissection (AD) and intramural hematoma (IMH) using computed tomography angiography (CTA).

Materials And Methods: Two radiologists specializing in cardiothoracic and vascular imaging reviewed paired CTAs of patients with AD or IMH who underwent CTA in the acute (within 24 h of presentation) and chronic settings. The radiologists were blinded to the temporal order of the CTAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0000000000000401DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Computed tomography-guided simultaneous coil localization as a bridge to one-stage surgery for multiple lung nodules: a retrospective study.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 26;14(1):43. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Radiology, Xuzhou Central Hospital, 199 Jiefang Road, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been widely used for diagnostic wedge resection of lung nodules. When VATS is performed for multiple lung nodules, preoperative localization for each target nodule is required. In this study, we evaluated the clinical effectiveness of computed tomography (CT)-guided simultaneous coil localization in one-stage VATS wedge resection for multiple lung nodules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0870-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390604PMC
February 2019

Recurrent retroperitoneal abscess after biliary tract surgery in an elderly patient: a minimally invasive nonsurgical approach and its consequences: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 25;13(1):43. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Euro-Mediterranean Institute of Science and Technology (IEMEST), Via Emerico Amari, 123, 90139, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Hepatic abscess can be defined as an encapsulated collection of suppurative material within the liver parenchyma. Hepatic abscess can be distinguished as pyogenic, amebic, or fungal. Biliary tract disease remains the most common cause of hepatic abscess today, and the most common complications range from pleural effusion, empyema, and bronchohepatic fistula to subphrenic abscess and rupture into the peritoneal cavity, stomach, colon, vena cava, or kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1973-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388486PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Aortocavitary fistula secondary to vegetative endocarditis in a rabbit.

J Vet Cardiol 2019 Feb 13;21:49-56. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706, USA.

A 4-year-old intact male mini lop rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was presented with a 2-week history of severe progressive lethargy. A right parasternal continuous heart murmur and an irregular rhythm were detected on physical examination. Echocardiography identified vegetative aortic and tricuspid valve (TV) endocarditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvc.2018.08.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Association between atrial fibrillation and right-sided manifestations of congestive heart failure in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy.

J Vet Cardiol 2019 Feb 11;21:18-27. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, 1809 S. Riverside Drive, Ames, IA 50011, USA.

Introduction: To determine whether dogs with atrial fibrillation (AF) are more likely to develop right-sided manifestations of congestive heart failure (R-CHF) than dogs without AF.

Animals: Two hundred twenty dogs diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF) secondary to degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD, n = 155) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n = 65) at a referral institution.

Methods: Medical records were reviewed to extract relevant clinical and echocardiographic data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvc.2018.10.006DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Potential biomarkers for antidiastole of tuberculous and malignant pleural effusion by proteome analysis.

Biomark Med 2019 Feb 22;13(2):123-133. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, PR China.

Aim: To investigate novel potential biomarkers for antidiastole of tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) from malignant pleural effusion (MPE).

Materials & Methods: iTRAQTM-coupled LC-MS/MS were applied to analyze the proteome of TPE and MPE samples. The candidate proteins were verified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/bmm-2018-0200DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Neonatal and pediatric thoracic ultrasonography.

J Ultrasound 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, "Bambino Gesù" Children Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Ultrasound examination of the thorax (TUS) can be quite suitable for children because their unique thoracic anatomy provides many acoustic windows into the chest. This review article covers techniques, indications, and applications of TUS in neonates, infants, and children, including common aspects and applications, like pulmonary consolidation and atelectasis, pleural effusion and pneumothorax and main neonatal pathologies such as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transitory tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40477-019-00357-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-019-00357-6DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Metabolomics Reveals Anaerobic Bacterial Fermentation and Hypoxanthine Accumulation for Fibrinous Pleural Effusions in Children with Pneumonia.

J Proteome Res 2019 Mar 19;18(3):1248-1254. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Imaging Core Laboratory, Institute for Radiological Research, and Clinical Metabolomics Core Laboratory, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, College of Medicine , Chang Gung University , Taoyuan 333 , Taiwan.

Fibrin formation in infectious parapneumonic effusion (IPE) characterizes complicated parapneumonic effusion and is important for providing guidelines for the management of IPEs that require aggressive interventions. We aim to identify metabolic mechanisms associated with bacterial invasion, inflammatory cytokines, and biochemical markers in cases of fibrinous infectious pleural effusions in children with pneumonia. Pleural fluid metabolites were determined by H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.8b00864DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads
4.245 Impact Factor

Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Identify the Source of Dyspnea in a Patient With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Mar;35(3):243-244

From the Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York and Elmhurst Hospital, NYC Health + Hospitals, Elmhurst, NY.

Point-of-care ultrasound can be used to help identify the source of dyspnea in patients presenting to the emergency department. We present a case of an adolescent girl with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus presenting to the emergency department with chest pain and dyspnea and found to have both pleural and pericardial effusions on point-of-care ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001761DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Differentiation malignant from benign pericardial effusion with diffusion-weighted MRI.

Clin Radiol 2019 Apr 6;74(4):325.e19-325.e24. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Masnoura, Egypt.

Aim: To differentiate malignant from benign pericardial effusion with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of diffusion-weighted MRI of 41 patients (29 men and 12 women; mean 39 years) with pericardial effusion. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of pericardial fluid, and associated pericardial mass or pleural effusion was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2019.01.005DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Midline carcinoma expressing NUT in malignant effusion cytology.

Diagn Cytopathol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California.

Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare and aggressive subset of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma that is defined by t(15,19) and typically presents in the midline structures of the head, neck, and mediastinum. We report two cases of NMC that presented uniquely with malignant pleural and pericardial effusions including one with cardiac tamponade at presentation. The first case is of a 25-year-old male patient who presented with progressive dyspnea associated with palpitations and dizziness on standing, found to have large bilateral pleural effusions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/dc.24150
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.24150DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Pleural empyema in a patient with a perinephric abscess and diaphragmatic defect.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Apr 29;7(3):e00400. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital Nedlands Western Australia Australia.

Pleural infection as a complication of ascending urological infection is rare, and the mechanism often unclear. We report a complicated case of pleural infection and perinephric abscess in a patient who presented with a large right-sided pleural effusion. Pleural fluid culture yielded , an unusual pathogen in pleuro-pulmonary infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.400DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350234PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy for treatment of pleural carcinomatosis in cats: a retrospective study of eight cases.

J Feline Med Surg 2019 Feb 5:1098612X19826401. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

1 ONCOVET, Veterinary Clinic of Referrals, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy in cats with malignant pleural effusion of epithelial origin.

Methods: The medical records of cats with a cytological diagnosis of neoplastic pleural effusion of epithelial origin were reviewed at three referral institutions between January 2013 and June 2018. Only cats treated with intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1098612X19826401DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Isolated Fluorodeoxyglucose Avid Right Pleural Deposits/Effusion on an F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Patients with Ovarian Cancer - Are they almost Certainly Metastatic? An Extrapolation of Atypical Meigs' Syndrome.

Indian J Nucl Med 2019 Jan-Mar;34(1):42-44

Department of Surgical Oncology, VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Majority of ovarian cancer (OC) patients are usually diagnosed at advanced stage and present with peritoneal spread/ascites. Some patients develop pleural deposits/effusion secondary to transdiaphragmatic spread of peritoneal disease/ascites. However, pleural deposits/effusion from OC in the absence of peritoneal disease/ascites are very rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_102_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352638PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy and safety of sirolimus treatment for intractable lymphatic anomalies: A study protocol for an open-label, single-arm, multicenter, prospective study (SILA).

Regen Ther 2019 Jun 14;10:84-91. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

Introduction: Lymphatic anomalies (LAs) refer to a group of diseases involving systemic dysplasia of lymphatic vessels. These lesions are classified as cystic lymphatic malformation (macrocystic, microcystic or mixed), generalized lymphatic anomaly, and Gorham-Stout disease. LAs occur mainly in childhood, and present with various symptoms including chronic airway problems, recurrent infection, and organ disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reth.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348766PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Disseminated Blastomycosis in a Teenager Presenting with Pleural Effusion and Splenomegaly.

J Emerg Med 2019 Mar 25;56(3):e23-e26. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Blastomycosis is caused by a fungus endemic to states and providences bordering the Lawrence Rivers and the Great Lakes. It can lead to significant pathology in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. This case report describes disseminated blastomycosis in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.035DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Pulmonary histiocytosis: beyond Langerhans cells related to smoking.

Radiologia 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, Estados Unidos; Department of Radiology, One Hospital Dr, University of Missouri Health System, Columbia, Missouri, Estados Unidos. Electronic address:

Objective: To review the imaging findings for the different types of pulmonary histiocytosis. In particular, in addition to the well-known pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis related to smoking and its possible appearance in nonsmokers, we focus on non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis in Rosai-Dorfman disease and Erdheim-Chester disease. We also review the etiopathogenesis, histology, clinical presentation, and treatment of pulmonary histiocytosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rx.2018.11.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy and Safety of Microwave Ablation (MWA) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in Difficult Anatomical Sites in Egyptian Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 Jan 25;20(1):295-301. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Email:

Background and aim: Imaging guided microwave ablation (MWA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a widely used method over recent years. Tumors close to the diaphragm, gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas, hepatic hilum and major bile duct or vessels are generally considered relative contraindications for microwave ablation. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasonography-guided MWA in treating patients with HCC in difficult anatomical sites in comparison to those in conventional sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.1.295DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Efficacy of systemic sirolimus in the treatment of generalized lymphatic anomaly and Gorham-Stout disease.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 May 22;66(5):e27614. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Vascular Anomalies Center, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Generalized lymphatic anomaly (GLA) and Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) are rare complicated lymphatic malformations that occur in multiple body sites and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment options have been limited, and conventional medical therapies have been generally ineffective. Emerging data suggest a role for sirolimus as a treatment option for complex lymphatic anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428616PMC
May 2019
12 Reads

Identification of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma of the palate mucosa through genetic and histopathological analysis: a rare case report and literature review.

BMC Cancer 2019 Jan 11;19(1):52. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: Cancers of unknown primary origin (CUPs) are reported to be the 3-4th most common causes of cancer death. Recent years have seen advances in mutational analysis and genomics profiling. These advances could improve accuracy of diagnosis of CUPs and might improve the prognosis of patients with CUPs. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5277-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329170PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Dominant-Current Deep Learning Scheme for Electrical Impedance Tomography.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Deep learning has recently been applied to electrical impedance tomography (EIT) imaging. Nevertheless, there are still many challenges that this approach has to face, e.g. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8606211/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2891676DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Acute Q fever pneumonia: high-resolution computed tomographic findings in six patients.

Br J Radiol 2019 Mar 4;92(1095):20180292. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

2 Department of Radiology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

Methods:: We analyzed high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings from six male patients (mean age, 22.6 years) with confirmed diagnoses of acute Q fever. Two chest radiologists analyzed the images and reached decisions by consensus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180292DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Imaging Patterns of Pediatric Pulmonary Blastomycosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Apr 27;212(4):905-913. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

4 Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Section of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Objective: The objective of our study was to characterize and update the radiologic patterns of pediatric pulmonary blastomycosis, and correlate the radiologic patterns with patient age.

Materials And Methods: Patients 0-18 years old with pulmonary blastomycosis who underwent chest imaging from 2005 to 2016 were included in this study. The following data were collected: age, sex, clinical information, and imaging findings including presence of extrapulmonary involvement and scarring on follow-up examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.19811DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Pleuropulmonary tuberculosis with spinal lesions due to metastatic malignancy differentiated definitively on imaging.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 22;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia.

A healthy 31-year-old man presenting with back pain was found to have multiple spinal enhancing lesions on MRI. An incidental asymptomatic large pleural effusion was identified on investigations for the back pain and pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) was subsequently diagnosed. The radiographical features on MRI spine were not typical of spinal TB and a Ga68 DOTATATE Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/CT confirmed metastatic paraganglioma with multiple bone metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226160DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Case 261: Thymoma Embedded in Thymus with Pleural Implant in Myasthenia Gravis Lambert-Eaton Overlap Syndrome.

Radiology 2019 Jan;290(1):264-269

From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, University of Torino, Regione Gonzole 10, Orbassano 10043 (Torino), Italy.

History A 29-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of progressive general fatigue, fluctuating limb weakness, and difficulty climbing stairs. She initially experienced occasional episodes of transient diplopia that developed while reading in the evening. She subsequently started to experience dry eyes and mouth, difficulty chewing, and mild dysphagia that worsened throughout the day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018161761DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Detecting EGFR mutations and ALK/ROS1 rearrangements in non-small cell lung cancer using malignant pleural effusion samples.

Thorac Cancer 2019 Feb 19;10(2):193-202. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Cancer Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: The study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using malignant pleural effusion (MPE) as a substitute specimen for genetic testing and to determine the significance of genetic profiling of MPE tumor cells to monitor non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression and therapeutic response.

Methods: We selected 168 NSCLC patients with MPE. We extracted MPE and enriched tumor cells using a custom-designed device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.12932DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360205PMC
February 2019
3 Reads