18,584 results match your criteria Plantar Fibromatosis


A NEW COMPREHENSIVE PROCEDURE FOR CUSTOM-MADE TOTAL ANKLE REPLACEMENTS: MEDICAL IMAGING, JOINT MODELING, PROSTHESIS DESIGN, AND 3D PRINTING.

J Orthop Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Movement Analysis Laboratory, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Many failures in total joint replacement are associated to prosthesis-to-bone mismatch. With recent additive-manufacturing, i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Propofol partially attenuates complete freund's adjuvant-induced neuroinflammation through inhibition of the ERK1/2/NF-κB pathway.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Anesthesiology, Quzhou Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Quzhou, China.

Peripheral inflammation in male C57BL/6 mice was induced by intraplantar injection of 20 μL complete freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the left hind paw. Mice were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, CFA, and propofol+CFA. Mechanical allodynia was assessed by von Frey analysis, and heat hyperalgesia was detected by exposure of the plantar surface to a beam of radiant heat. Read More

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December 2018

Double autosomal trisomy with mosaicism 47,XY(+8)∕47,XY(+21). Morphological and genetic changes of a rare case.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):985-988

Department of Preclinical Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Oradea, Romania;

The co-occurrence in the same individual of two numerical chromosomal abnormalities (double aneuploidy) is a very rare condition, especially for autosomes. Clinical presentations are variable depending on the predominating aneuploidy. The authors present a rare case of a male infant with multiple congenital anomalies: craniofacial dysmorphism, short neck, agenesis of the corpus callosum, ventricular septal defect, bilateral broad hallux, large first interdigital space of the toes, plantar furrows, prominent calcaneus and right kidney agenesis. Read More

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January 2018

Clinical, histological and therapeutic modern approach of Ledderhose disease.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):691-697

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical Hospital of Bucharest, Romania;

Ledderhose disease or plantar fibromatosis is a rare hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar aponeurosis, clinically characterized by nodules situated especially on the medial border of the foot. It is histopathologically associated with Dupuytren's disease. This disease has some risk factors, like old age, alcohol or nicotine abuse, liver dysfunction, trauma or exposure to vibrations and autoimmune disorders, but the exact etiology is still unknown. Read More

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January 2018

Extra-tunnel Compression Mimicking Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Ultrasound Imaging for a Plantar Ganglion Cyst.

Med Ultrason 2018 Dec;20(4):540-541

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

We reported a 43-year-old man with right-foot numbness under the tentative diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome. The initial ultrasound examination did not identify any remarkable findings at the level of the medial malleolus. Owing to the failure of conservative treatments, he was referred for US-guided injection of the tibial nerve. Read More

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December 2018

Rationalizing the Vascular Anatomy for Oblique Osteotomy of the Metatarsal Head during Toe/Joint Transfers of the Metatarsophalangeal Joint.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1805. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Keelung & Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: The metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) of the lessor toe has been used to reconstruct the metacarpophalangeal joint. When an oblique osteotomy of the metatarsal head is performed, the orientation of the vascular pedicle is crucial to preserve the blood supply to the MTPJ. This study was conducted to identify the path of the nutrient artery to the MTPJ. Read More

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October 2018

THE INFLUENCE OF SENSORIMOTOR TRAINING MODALITIES ON BALANCE, STRENGTH, JOINT FUNCTION, AND PLANTAR FOOT SENSITIVITY IN RECREATIONAL ATHLETES WITH A HISTORY OF ANKLE SPRAIN: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED PILOT STUDY.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):993-1007

Niederrhein University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Care, Therapeutic Sciences, Reinarzstr. 49, 47805 Krefeld, Germany.

Background: Ankle sprains frequently result in persistent sensorimotor deficits. Sufficient evidence of effects of sensorimotor training using unstable devices on physical functions is lacking. There is no insight as to whether simultaneous tactile stimulation of plantar foot mechanoreceptors using textured surfaces may influence outcomes in people with a history of ankle sprain. Read More

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December 2018

Combined Lag Screw and Cerclage Wire Fixation for Calcaneal Tuberosity Avulsion Fractures.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 11;2018:6207024. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Klinik für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany.

Avulsion fractures of the calcaneal tuberosity represent a rare injury pattern that is caused by a powerful tension force from the Achilles tendon and is usually seen following minor trauma, especially in elderly patients. The objective of this study is to describe a surgical technique using cerclage wiring through cannulated screws in the treatment of extra- and intra-articular avulsion fractures of the calcaneal tuberosity and to present our results in a small patient's cohort. Through a 5. Read More

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November 2018

Lower Extremity Muscle Strength and Force Variability in Persons With Parkinson Disease.

J Neurol Phys Ther 2019 Jan;43(1):56-62

Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Centers, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida (J.W.S.); and Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville (E.A.C., C.J.H.).

Background And Purpose: Adequate lower limb strength and motor control are essential for mobility and quality of life. People with Parkinson disease (PD) experience a significant and progressive decline in motor capabilities as part of this neurodegenerative disease. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effect of PD on (1) muscular strength and (2) force steadiness in muscles that are primarily responsible for locomotion and stability. Read More

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January 2019

Comparison of walking quality variables between incomplete spinal cord injury patients and healthy subjects by using a footscan plantar pressure system.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Feb;14(2):354-360

Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

The main goal of spinal cord rehabilitation is to restore walking ability and improve walking quality after spinal cord injury (SCI). The spatiotemporal parameters of walking and the parameters of plantar pressure can be obtained using a plantar pressure analysis system. Previous studies have reported step asymmetry in patients with bilateral SCI. Read More

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February 2019

Voluntary Control of Residual Antagonistic Muscles in Transtibial Amputees: Reciprocal Activation, Coactivation, and Implications for Direct Neural Control of Powered Lower Limb Prostheses.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Residual ankle muscles (i.e. previously antagonistic ankle muscles) of transtibial amputees are a potential source for continuous feedforward control of powered ankle prostheses using proportional myoelectric control. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of additional activation of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles on foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects.

Foot (Edinb) 2018 Nov 6;38:19-23. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Mihara-shi, Hiroshima 723-0053, Japan.

Background: Strengthening exercises of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles (PIFMs) are often prescribed to flat-footed subjects because of the capacity of the PIFMs to support the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). However, it is unclear whether the capacity of the PIFMs to support the MLA is enough to change the foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects. To confirm this, the current study examined changes in foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects during standing and gait accompanied by changes in the activity of the PIFMs. Read More

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November 2018

Innocuous "foot lump" in patient with diabetes mellitus: A manifestation of phaeohyphomycosis.

Foot (Edinb) 2018 Nov 28;38:4-7. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Endocrinology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, 160012, IndiaIndia.

Invasive mycotic infection presenting as "foot lump" in an immunocompetent patient is extremely rare. The case highlights the difficulty in diagnosis of fungal infections of foot including attempts to isolate the fungus and non-response to anti-fungal agents. A 64-year-old lady with T2DM for four years presented with painless, gradually progressive swelling over plantar aspect of left mid-foot for six months. Read More

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November 2018

Results of a Phase II Placebo-controlled Randomized Discontinuation Trial of Cabozantinib in Patients with Non-small-cell Lung Carcinoma.

Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

University of California, Davis, CA.

Introduction: Cabozantinib, an orally bioavailable tyrosine kinase inhibitor with activity against MET, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, AXL, ROS1, and RET was assessed in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) as part of a phase II randomized discontinuation trial with cohorts from 9 tumor types.

Patients And Methods: Patients received cabozantinib 100 mg/day during a 12-week open-label lead-in stage. Those with stable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1. Read More

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October 2018

Free composite groin flap to solve a complex loss of tissue in a traumatic injury of the foot: A case report.

Injury 2018 Dec 3;49 Suppl 4:S25-S28. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of Turin, Orthopaedic Clinic, C.T.O. Hospital, Turin, Italy.

Severe traumatic losses of soft tissues and bone at foot and ankle level are often treated by means of amputation, but this may involve important psychological and anatomic consequences for the patient. If there are good vascular conditions, reconstruction by means of composite free flaps is often the only alternative to this demolitive treatment. The transfer of composite free flaps that include vascularized bone from various donor sites may provide anatomical reconstruction and recovery of function of the foot and ankle. Read More

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December 2018

Does routinely repairing deltoid ligament injuries in type B ankle joint fractures influence long term outcomes?

Injury 2018 Dec;49(12):2312-2317

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, 100035 China.

Deltoid ligament reconstruction following type B ankle fractures continues to generate a vivid discussion amongst trauma surgeons. There is a difference of opinion as to whether operative or non operative treatment should prevail. We therefore conducted a prospective comparative cohort study to determine whether it is necessary to routinely repair the injured deltoid ligaments. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Taping Benefits Ankle Joint Landing Kinematics in Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability.

J Sport Rehabil 2018 Dec 11:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Context:: Although taping has been proven effective in reducing ankle sprain events in individuals with chronic ankle insability (CAI), insight in the precise working mechanism remains limited.

Objectives:: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of taping changes ankle joint kinematics during a sagittal and frontal plane landing task in subjects with CAI.

Design:: Repeated measure design. Read More

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December 2018

Center of plantar pressure during gait in pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain and the effect of pelvic belts.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):69-76

Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose: Many pregnant women suffer from pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy. Etiologies are multifactorial and affect the joint stability of the sacroiliac joint. Pelvic belts could restore stability and reduce pain during gait. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The effect of aging and gender on plantar pressure distribution during the gait in elderly.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):139-144

Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Purpose: The effect of age on structural foot characteristics as well as on the plantar pressure distribution has been shown previously. However, the number of studies focused also on gender gait differences of elderly is lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic gait characteristic in younger and older elderly and to investigate the gender differences as the life-long load and footwear choice differ in males and females. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The influence of minimalist and conventional sports shoes and lower limbs dominance on running gait.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(3):3-9

University of Ostrava, Faculty of Education, Department of Human Movement Studies, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine how minimalist running shoes (MRS), conventional running shoes (CRS) and the dominance of lower limbs influence the running gait.

Methods: Trained recreational runners (N = 13) who have been engaged in regulary running for more than one year were participants in this study. They were experienced with using MRS and CRS for more than half year and they used both types of shoes. Read More

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January 2018

Multifractal Analysis Differentiates Postural Sway in Obese and Nonobese Children.

Motor Control 2018 Dec 5:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

5 The University of Queensland.

Multifractal analyses have been used in recent years as a way of studying balance, with the goal of understanding the patterns of movement of the center of pressure at different spatial scales. A multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis was used to compare obese and nonobese children to investigate the cause of previously demonstrated deficiencies in balance for obese children. Twenty-two children (11 obese and 11 nonobese), aged 8-15 years, performed 30-s trials of bilateral static balance on a plantar pressure distribution measuring device. Read More

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December 2018

The immediate effect of plantar stimulation on dynamic and static balance: A randomized controlled trial.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Objective: To examine the immediate effect on dynamic and static balance of a manual protocol of plantar stimulation in healthy subjects.

Materials And Method: Of the 144 healthy and physically active volunteers recruited, 98 subjects participated. Subjects were randomly assigned and allocated to the experimental group (EG) (n= 50), in which a 10-min manual protocol of plantar stimulation was applied on the right foot, or to the control group (CG) (n= 48). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy versus other therapeutic methods for chronic plantar fasciitis.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Tianjin First Center Hospital, Fukang Road No. 24, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300192, China. Electronic address:

Background: To conduct a meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of general ESWT with that of other therapies and to assess its effectiveness in chronic plantar fasciitis.

Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library for information from the earliest date of data collection to March 2018. Studies comparing the benefits and risks of extracorporeal shock wave therapy with those of other therapies for chronic plantar fasciitis were included. Read More

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November 2018

Functional Outcomes Following Treatment for Clubfoot: Ten-Year Follow-up.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Dec;100(23):2015-2023

Movement Science Lab (K.A.J., A.L.E., and W.R.S.) and Department of Orthopaedics (L.A.K.), Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess function, at the age of 10 years, of children initially treated nonoperatively for clubfoot with either the Ponseti or French physiotherapy program and to compare outcomes in feet that had undergone only nonoperative treatment with those that required subsequent surgery.

Methods: Gait analysis, isokinetic ankle strength, parent-reported outcomes, and daily step activity data were collected when patients who had been treated for idiopathic clubfoot reached the age of 10 years. Patients who had undergone only nonoperative treatment were compared with those who subsequently underwent extra-articular surgery or intra-articular surgery (posterior release or posteromedial release). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Thick nails, plantar keratoderma, follicular hyperkeratosis, and leukokeratosis associated with a novel mutation in KRT6A gene.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, I+12 Research Institute, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

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December 2018

Dynamic Balance Measurement and Quantitative Assessment Using Wearable Plantar-Pressure Insoles in a Pose-Sensed Virtual Environment.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 30;18(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

College of Electronic Information Engineering & Hebei Key Laboratory of Digital Medical Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China.

The center of plantar pressure (COP) reflects the dynamic balance of subjects to a certain extent. In this study, wearable pressure insoles are designed, body pose measure is detected by the Kinect sensor, and a balance evaluation system is formulated. With the designed games for the interactive actions, the Kinect sensor reads the skeletal poses to judge whether the desired action is performed, and the pressure insoles simultaneously collect the plantar pressure data. Read More

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November 2018

Regional Control of Hairless versus Hair-Bearing Skin by Dkk2.

Cell Rep 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Haired skin is a defining characteristic of mammals. However, some specialized skin regions, such as human palms, soles and ventral wrist, and mouse plantar foot, are entirely hairless. Using mouse plantar skin as a model system, we show that the endogenous secreted Wnt inhibitor DKK2 suppresses plantar hair follicle development and permits the formation of hairless skin. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

First MTP joint instability - Expanding the concept of "Turf-toe" injuries.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Ankle and Foot Medicine and Surgery of UNIFESP - Paulista Medical School, Brazil.

Background: Although the classic definition of the Turf-toe injury refers to a very specific clinical and pathological picture, we think that the concept can be broadened to encompass a wide variety of traumatic lesions of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1). These are lesions typically difficult to diagnose, with a large variation of outcomes and a potential to impair patients' functional performance on a definitive and perennial basis. The objective of this study is to present the result obtained by treating 24 cases of traumatic injuries to the MTP1 joint in a midterm follow-up time. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Emotions can alter kinesthetic acuity.

Neurosci Lett 2018 Nov 27;694:99-103. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, LNSC (Laboratoire de Neurosciences Sensorielles et Cognitives-UMR 7260), Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Kinesthesia, the perception of our own body movements, relies on the integration of proprioceptive information arising mostly from muscle spindles, which are sensory receptors in skeletal muscles. We recently showed that emotions alter the proprioceptive messages from such muscle afferents, making them more sensitive to muscle lengthening when participants were listening sad music. Presently, we investigated whether these changes in proprioceptive feedback relating to emotional state may affect the perception of limb movements. Read More

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November 2018

Response of the popliteal artery to treadmill exercise and stress positioning in patients with and without exertional lower extremity symptoms.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Vascular Surgery Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Tex; Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Md. Electronic address:

Objective: Functionally limiting exertional lower extremity pain and neurologic symptoms are commonly encountered in military and civilian settings. Exertional muscle compression of the popliteal artery (PA) and tibial nerve in the proximal calf (the "popliteal outlet") can be associated with these symptoms but is rarely investigated as a cause. Exertional ankle-brachial index (EABI) and dynamic PA ultrasound imaging may be suitable to screen for this syndrome of "functional" popliteal entrapment, but neither has been rigorously studied. Read More

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November 2018

The effects of downhill slope on kinematics and kinetics of the lower extremity joints during running.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 12;68:181-186. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Motion Innovation Center, Korea National Sport University, 1239, Yangjaedaero, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 05541, Republic of Korea.

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate how lower extremity kinematics and kinetics change when running downhill.

Methods: Fifteen male recreational runners ran on an instrumented treadmill with three different slope conditions [level (0°), moderate (-6°), and steep (-9°)] at a controlled speed of 3.2 m/s. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Investigation of the prevalence and severity of foot pad dermatitis at the slaughterhouse in fattening turkeys reared in organic production systems in Germany.

Poult Sci 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

The present study shows the prevalence and severity of foot pad dermatitis (FPD) in turkeys reared in organic production systems assessed at slaughterhouses in Germany. The investigations of altogether 1,860 turkeys of the strains Kelly Broad Breasted Bronze (Kelly BBB; 540 toms, 540 hens) and British United Turkeys (B.U. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Aerobic Exercise Improves Microvascular Function in Older Adults.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Radiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Microvascular function is reduced with age, disease, and inactivity. Exercise is well known to improve vascular health and has the potential to improve microvascular function in aging and disease.

Purpose: The study aimed to assess changes in peripheral microvascular function in sedentary older adults following aerobic exercise training. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

A rare cutaneous adverse effect secondary to cabozantinib therapy.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Dec 26;2018(12):omy105. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Oncology, Bristol Haematology and Oncology Centre, Horfield Road, Bristol, UK.

Cabozantinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor which is increasingly being used for the treatment of metastatic renal cell cancer. Skin toxicity such as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia is not uncommon with such agents. However, bullous skin reactions are not common and we report the case of a patient with metastatic renal cell cancer who experienced such cutaneous toxicity. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Wound Coverage of Infected Open Fracture of Distal Third of Tibia by Distally Based Medial Hemi-Soleus Muscle Flap.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):798-804

Dr Md Saiful Islam, Associate Professor, Orthopedic Surgery, Community Based Medical College Bangladesh, Mymensingh.

We conducted a study to evaluate the reliability of the medial hemi-soleus muscle flap for wound coverage of infected open fracture of distal third of tibia. Wound coverage of exposed lower third tibia and ankle region remains a difficult task. Muscle flaps are preferred for infected wounds especially where there are exposed bone, joint and/or tendons. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy with a small intramedullary lesion in posterior spinal cord: a case report].

Authors:
Motomi Arai

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital.

We present the unique case of a patient with lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (LRPN) and a small intramedullary lesion, probably an infarction, in the spinal cord. A previously healthy 58-year-old female developed acute severe pain involving the entire right lower limb, followed by weakness of the right lower limb a few hours later. The patient could not walk and was referred to our clinic. Read More

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November 2018

Low Prevalence of Human Papilloma Virus in Patients with Breast Cancer, Kerman; Iran

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2018 Nov 29;19(11):3039-3044. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Pathology and Stem Cell Research Center, erman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Email:

Breast cancer is the first of the most important causes of the deaths of women in the world and in Iran. There are various causes and causes of this cancer, one of which has recently been described as a cause of breast cancer, is the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV is transmitted through sexual contact and skin lesions. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Differences in plantar pressure by REBA scores in dental hygienists.

Int J Dent Hyg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of working posture, physical balance, and work accumulation on shifts in plantar pressure in dental hygienists, by measuring REBA, which evaluates working posture, and plantar pressure, which evaluates physical balance.

Methods: This study was conducted on 24 dental hygienists currently working in dental clinics. The ergonomic assessment method of the Rapid Entire Body Assessment was used to evaluate working posture in the dental hygienists, and a Gait Analyzer was used to measure plantar pressure. Read More

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November 2018

Granuloma annulare on the palms in an elderly patient.

An Bras Dermatol 2018 Nov/Dec;93(6):878-880

Division of Dermatopathology, Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Granuloma annulare is a relatively common, idiopathic, benign inflammatory dermatosis, with a varied clinical presentation that often makes diagnosis difficult. It mainly affects the extremities, such as the dorsa of the hands and feet, forearms and legs. Palmar and plantar regions are generally spared. Read More

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Motor performance is preserved in healthy aged adults following severewhole-body hyperthermia.

Int J Hyperthermia 2018 Nov 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Institute of Sport Science and Innovations , Lithuanian Sports University , Kaunas , LT , Lithuania.

Healthy aging is associated with a progressive decline in motor performance and thermoregulatory efficiency. Functional consequences of severe whole-body hyperthermia on neurophysiological functions in healthy aged men have not been investigated. To determine whether severe whole-body hyperthermia (increase in rectal temperature of about 2. Read More

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November 2018

Guideposts for Inserting Intercuneiform Joint Arthrodesis Screws: Analysis Using Multiplanar Reconstructed Computed Tomography.

Foot Ankle Spec 2018 Nov 28:1938640018816373. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Intercuneiform arthrodesis is often required for various midfoot pathologies; however, intercuneiform screw insertion is not easy due to the complicated anatomical structure of cuneiforms. This study aimed to determine the advisable screw entry point and direction using intraoperatively detectable landmarks. The computed tomography (CT) scan data of feet were reformatted using OsiriX software multiplanar reconstruction. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Alterations in energy consumption and plantar pressure distribution during walking in young adults with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Mersin University, School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Mersin, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the alterations of walking energy expenditure and plantar pressure distribution in young adults with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS).

Methods: Thirty five individuals (mean age: 21.31 ± 1. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Long term results of the revisited Meary closing wedge tarsectomy for the treatment of the fixed cavo-varus foot in adolescent with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Descartes University, 149 Rue de Sevres, 75015 Paris, France; Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Descartes University, 74 Avenue Denfert-Rochereau, 75015 Paris, France.

Background: Various techniques have been proposed for the treatment of cavovarus feet (CVF). The aim of this study was to report outcomes of the revisited Meary's dorsal closing wedge tarsectomy for fixed CVF secondary to Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease.

Methods: All CVF operated on between 1977 and 2011 were included. Read More

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November 2018

Accelerated muscle contractility and decreased muscle steadiness following sauna recovery do not induce greater neuromuscular fatigability during sustained submaximal contractions.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Nov 24;63:10-19. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, Lt-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania. Electronic address:

Acute whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) increases blood markers concentration of stress, impairs motor drive to exercising muscles, and decreases resistance to neuromuscular fatigability. The functional natural residual consequences of WBH on neuromuscular functions remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of residual WBH on voluntary and electrically induced ankle plantar flexor contractility properties, motor drive transmission (reflexes), muscle torque steadiness, resistance to neuromuscular fatigability, and markers of stress as the body temperature recovers naturally to normothermia. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effects of sex and joint action on voluntary activation.

PeerJ 2018 15;6:e5968. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

College of Systems Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, Japan.

The current study tested the hypothesis that voluntary activation during maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) conditionally depends on sex and joint action. Twenty-eight healthy adults (14 of each sex) performed knee extensor MVC and plantar flexor MVC at extended and flexed knee positions. Voluntary activation during MVC was assessed using a twitch interpolation technique. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A protocol to prospectively assess risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in distance runners.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 22;10:20. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

2Institute of Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC Australia.

Background: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a lower leg injury with a reported incidence rate of up to 35% in active individuals. Although numerous prospective studies have tried to identify risk factors for developing MTSS, managing the syndrome remains difficult. One risk factor yet to be extensively explored in MTSS development is reduced lower leg girth. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Validation of a weight bearing ankle equinus value in older adults with diabetes.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 21;11:62. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

1School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW 2258 Australia.

Background: Accurate measurement of ankle joint dorsiflexion is clinically important as a restriction has been linked to many foot and ankle pathologies, as well as increased ulcer risk and delayed ulcer healing in people with diabetes. Use of the reliable weight bearing (WB) Lunge test is limited as normal and restricted ranges for WB ankle joint dorsiflexion are not identified. Additionally the extent of WB dorsiflexion restriction that results in clinically adverse outcomes is unclear. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Effects of Exercise-Induced Fatigue on Lower Extremity Joint Mechanics, Stiffness, and Energy Absorption during Landings.

J Sports Sci Med 2018 Dec 20;17(4):640-649. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of two fatigue protocols on lower-limb joint mechanics, stiffness and energy absorption during drop landings. Fifteen male athletes completed landing tasks before and after two fatigue protocols (constant speed running [R-FP] and repeated shuttle sprint plus vertical jump [SJ-FP]). Sagittal plane lower-limb kinematics and ground reaction forces were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Can Elite Dancers Return to Dance After Ultrasound-Guided Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections?

J Dance Med Sci 2018 Dec;22(4):225-232

Center for Musculoskeletal Care, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Dancers exert tremendous stresses on the lower extremities rendering them prone to injuries that can curtail training and performance. The goal of this study was to evaluate clinical improvement in a population of elite dancers following treatment with ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections of various lower extremity sites by assessing when they were able to return to dance. Nineteen dancers (13 female, 6 male; ages 15 to 42) were treated between 2009 and 2016 at sites that included: hamstring tendon (1), proximal iliotibial band (1), patellar tendon (3), posterior tibial tendon (5), peroneus brevis tendon (3), plantar fascia (3), and the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint capsule (3). Read More

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December 2018
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