78 results match your criteria Plant Poisoning Hemlock

Genetic identification and subsequent LC-QTOF MS analysis of plant remains (Oenanthe spp.) could prove the cause of an undetermined sudden death.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jan 27. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Galician Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Science, IMELGA, Lalín 4, 36209, Vigo, Spain.

In recent years, recorded cases related to forensic botany and, in particular, of plant poisoning have become rare. We report on the medicolegal characteristics of an undetermined sudden death (USD) of a woman in which scene there were remnants of a vegetal peeling. After the autopsy, macroscopic findings reported multiorgan failure and requested the investigation of the cause of death. Read More

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January 2021

Oenantha Crocata: A Case Report of Multiple Poisoning with Fatal Outcome.

J Emerg Med 2020 Jul 27;59(1):e9-e11. Epub 2020 May 27.

Cardiothoracic and Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit, Laënnec University Hospital, Saint-Herblain, France.

Background: Plant poisonings are uncommon in adults, and rarely fatal. Oenantha crocata is a toxic plant growing in the humid grasslands of North America and Western Europe.

Case Report: We report here two adults who ingested Oenantha crocata roots, having mistaken them for edible tuberous radish. Read More

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[Rhabdomyolysis: have you considered food poisoning from quails?]

Carlo Basile

G Ital Nefrol 2020 Apr 9;37(2). Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Divisione di Nefrologia, Ospedale Miulli, Acquaviva delle Fonti, Bari, Italia; Associazione Nefrologica Gabriella Sebastio, Martina Franca, Taranto, Italia.

Rhabdomyolysis (R) is a complex condition involving the rapid dissolution of damaged or injured skeletal muscle. This leads to the direct release of intracellular components, including myoglobin, creatine kinase, aldolase, and lactate dehydrogenase, as well as electrolytes, into the bloodstream and extracellular space. Clinically, R shows a triad of symptoms: myalgia, limb weakness, and myoglobinuria without hematuria, while myoglobin has been recognized as playing a part in the development of acute kidney injury. Read More

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The acute toxicity of water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii) in a goat model.

Toxicon 2020 Mar 11;176:55-58. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

USDA-ARS Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory, Logan, UT, 84341, USA.

Water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii) is one of the most toxic plants to livestock and humans. Little is known regarding the amount of plant required to cause death. The objective of this study was to determine a lethal dose of water hemlock in a goat model. Read More

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Conium maculatum intoxication: Literature review and case report on hemlock poisoning.

Forensic Sci Rev 2019 Jan;31(1):23-36

Laboratory of Forensic Sciences, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The aim of this paper is to highlight the symptomatology in three Conium maculatum intoxication incidents, one of which was fatal. A number of studies were reviewed in order to update and summarize the relevant literature on the incidence, sociodemographic variables, method of poisoning, pathophysiology, diagnosis, variables associated with survival and fatality, management, and treatment of C. maculatum intoxication as well as the biosynthesis and biological effects of poison hemlock alkaloids. Read More

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January 2019

Intravenous Poison Hemlock Injection Resulting in Prolonged Respiratory Failure and Encephalopathy.

J Med Toxicol 2017 06 6;13(2):180-182. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Meads Hall 1 Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC, 27103, USA.

Background: Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) is a common plant with a significant toxicity. Data on this toxicity is sparse as there have been few case reports and never a documented poisoning after intravenous injection.

Objectives: We present a case of intravenous poison hemlock injection encountered in the emergency department. Read More

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Rapid respiratory arrest after ingestion of poison hemlock mistaken for wild celery.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Feb 7;55(2):155-156. Epub 2016 Nov 7.

f San Francisco Division , California Poison Control System , San Francisco , CA , USA.

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February 2017

Alkaloid-Containing Plants Poisonous to Cattle and Horses in Europe.

Toxins (Basel) 2015 Dec 8;7(12):5301-7. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Alkaloids, nitrogen-containing secondary plant metabolites, are of major interest to veterinary toxicology because of their occurrence in plant species commonly involved in animal poisoning. Based on epidemiological data, the poisoning of cattle and horses by alkaloid-containing plants is a relatively common occurrence in Europe. Poisoning may occur when the plants contaminate hay or silage or when forage alternatives are unavailable. Read More

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December 2015

Hemlock (Conium Maculatum) Poisoning In A Child.

Turk J Emerg Med 2014 Mar 26;14(1):34-6. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Gaziantep Children Health and Diseases Hospital, Gaziantep.

Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) is a plant that is poisonous for humans and animals. Accidental ingestion of the plant may result in central nervous system depression, respiratory failure, acute rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure and even death. The main treatment of hemlock poisoning is supportive care. Read More

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Poisonous plants: effects on embryo and fetal development.

Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today 2013 Dec;99(4):223-34

USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory, 1150 East 1400 North, Logan, Utah, 84341.

Poisonous plant research in the United States began over 100 years ago as a result of livestock losses from toxic plants as settlers migrated westward with their flocks, herds, and families. Major losses were soon associated with poisonous plants, such as locoweeds, selenium accumulating plants, poison-hemlock, larkspurs, Veratrum, lupines, death camas, water hemlock, and others. Identification of plants associated with poisoning, chemistry of the plants, physiological effects, pathology, diagnosis, and prognosis, why animals eat the plants, and grazing management to mitigate losses became the overarching mission of the current Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory. Read More

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December 2013

Poisonous plants in New Zealand: a review of those that are most commonly enquired about to the National Poisons Centre.

N Z Med J 2012 Dec 14;125(1367):87-118. Epub 2012 Dec 14.

National Poisons Centre, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Introduction: New Zealand has a number of plants, both native and introduced, contact with which can lead to poisoning. The New Zealand National Poisons Centre (NZNPC) frequently receives enquiries regarding exposures to poisonous plants. Poisonous plants can cause harm following inadvertent ingestion, via skin contact, eye exposures or inhalation of sawdust or smoked plant matter. Read More

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December 2012

Water hemlock poisoning in cattle: Ingestion of immature Cicuta maculata seed as the probable cause.

Toxicon 2011 Jan 20;57(1):157-61. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

USDA ARS Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory, 1150 E. 1400 N., Logan, UT 84341, USA.

It is well understood that water hemlock tubers are highly toxic to animals and to humans. However, this is the first time that immature seed from (Cicuta maculata) has been implicated in livestock poisoning. Nine mature Hereford cows from a herd of 81 died in northwestern Utah after ingesting immature seed heads of water hemlock (Cicuta maculata) in late summer. Read More

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January 2011

Poison hemlock-induced respiratory failure in a toddler.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2009 Nov;25(11):761-3

Oregon Health and Science University, Oregon Poison Center, Legacy Emmanuel Hospital, Mail Code CB 550, Portland, OR 97239, USA.

The ingestion of poison hemlock, or Conium maculatum, is described in a 2-year-old boy. He had the onset of abdominal pain and weakness after being fed C. maculatum picked by his sister from the roadside 2 hours earlier. Read More

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November 2009

Poisoning due to water hemlock.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2009 Apr;47(4):270-8

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, National Poisons Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Introduction: Water hemlock, which encompasses a range of species divided across two genera (Cicuta and Oenanthe), are regarded as being among the most poisonous plants both in North America and in the United Kingdom. Despite their toxicity, the literature consists almost entirely of case reports.

Aim: The aim of this review is to summarize this literature by covering all aspects of taxonomy and botanical characterization, principal toxins, basic pharmacology including mechanisms of toxicity, and the clinical features, diagnosis, and management of poisoning. Read More

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What killed Socrates? Toxicological considerations and questions.

A D Dayan

Postgrad Med J 2009 Jan;85(999):34-7

The death of Socrates in 399 BCE, as reported by Plato in the Phaedo, is usually attributed to poisoning with common hemlock. His progressive centripetal paralysis is characteristic of that poison. Socrates is said to have had a prominent loss of sensation extending centrally from his legs, which is not a feature of hemlock poisoning, and he seems not to have had the unpleasant taste or common gastrointestinal effects of that poison. Read More

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January 2009

[Child poisoning after ingestion of a wild apiaceae: a case report].

Arch Pediatr 2008 Feb;15(2):139-41

Service de pédiatrie, centre hospitalier d'Alès, 811 avenue Docteur-Jean-Goubert, 30103 Alès cedex, France.

Apiaceae family (formerly Umbelliferae) contains several highly toxic species, including Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum), Water Hemlock (Cicuta virosa) and Hemlock Water Dropwort (Oenanthe crocata) which are the three main poisonous Apiaceae species growing in France. Thinking he was identifying wild carrots, an 11-year-old boy without previous history ingested the root from a wild Apiaceae. One hour later, he was confused, had drowsiness, headache as well as abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. Read More

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February 2008

Water hemlock poisoning.

Julie Short

Emerg Nurse 2006 Nov;14(7):18-9

Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust Emergency Department.

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November 2006

Hemlock alkaloids from Socrates to poison aloes.

Tom Reynolds

Phytochemistry 2005 Jun;66(12):1399-1406

Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Surrey, UK.

Hemlock (Conium maculatum L. Umbelliferae) has long been known as a poisonous plant. Toxicity is due to a group of piperidine alkaloids of which the representative members are coniine and gamma-coniceine. Read More

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Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum L.).

J Vetter

Food Chem Toxicol 2004 Sep;42(9):1373-82

Faculty of Veterinary Science, Department of Botany, Szent István University, 1400 Budapest, Pf. 2. Hungary.

One of the most poisonous species amongst higher plants is Conium maculatum. It is a very common nitrophile weed species, belonging to the Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae) family. It contains some piperidine alkaloids (coniine, N-methyl-coniine, conhydrine, pseudoconhydrine, gamma-coniceine), which are formed by the cyclisation of an eight-carbon chain derived from four acetate units. Read More

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September 2004

A hemlock water dropwort curry: a case of multiple poisoning.

Emerg Med J 2002 Sep;19(5):472-3

The Mid Argyll Hospital, Lochgilphead, Argyll PA31 8LU, UK.

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September 2002

A fatal case of apparent water hemlock poisoning.

K B Heath

Vet Hum Toxicol 2001 Feb;43(1):35-6

Coroner for the Province of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.

A 14-y-o North American native boy died 20 h after ingesting "wild carrot". He was gathering edible plants with his family on Canadian Thanksgiving. A sample of the plant he ingested couldn't be positively identified but it contained cicutoxin on chromatography. Read More

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February 2001

Biochemistry of hemlock (Conium maculatum L.) alkaloids and their acute and chronic toxicity in livestock. A review.

Toxicon 1999 Jun;37(6):841-65

Laboratorio de Toxicología Veterinaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (INTA), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The literature on Conium maculatum biochemistry and toxicology, dispersed in a large number of scientific publications, has been put together in this review. C. maculatum is a weed known almost worldwide by its toxicity to many domestic animals and to human beings. Read More

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Lupines, poison-hemlock and Nicotiana spp: toxicity and teratogenicity in livestock.

J Nat Toxins 1999 Feb;8(1):117-34

Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Logan, UT 84341, USA.

Many species of lupines contain quinolizidine or piperidine alkaloids known to be toxic or teratogenic to livestock. Poison-hemlock (Conium maculatum) and Nicotiana spp. including N. Read More

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February 1999

Secondary and tertiary metabolites as plant toxins.

G G Habermehl

Toxicon 1998 Nov;36(11):1707-19

Department of Chemistry, Hannover School of Veterinary Medicine, Germany.

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November 1998

Water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii) toxicoses in sheep: pathologic description and prevention of lesions and death.

J Vet Diagn Invest 1996 Oct;8(4):474-80

USDA, Poisonous Plant Research Lab, Logan, UT 84341, USA.

Water hemlock causes numerous livestock losses in North America every year. Description of pathologic and serum biochemical changes has been lacking in the literature. Tubers of western water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii) induced excessive salivation, tremors, grand mal seizures, skeletal and cardiac myodegeneration, and death in sheep given 1. Read More

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October 1996