1,128,841 results match your criteria Plant Poisoning Glycosides – Cardiac

Deep-learning-based removal of autofluorescence and fluorescence quantification in plant-colonizing bacteria in vivo.

New Phytol 2022 Jun 26. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

University of Bremen, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, CBIB Center for Biomolecular Interactions, Department of Microbe-Plant Interactions, P.O. Box 33 04 40, D-28334, Bremen, Germany.

Fluorescence microscopy is common in bacteria-plant interaction studies. However, strong autofluorescence from plant tissues impedes in vivo studies on endophytes tagged with fluorescent proteins. To solve this problem, we developed a deep-learning-based approach to eliminate plant autofluorescence from fluorescence microscopy images, tested for the model endophyte Azoarcus olearius BH72 colonizing Oryza sativa roots. Read More

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Emerging and Innovative Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment.

Maulin Shah

Lett Appl Microbiol 2022 Jun 26. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Applied & Environmental Microbiology, Enviro Technology Limited, Plot No:2413/14, GIDC, Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India.

Societies generate large volumes of industrial and domestic wastewater daily. The wastewater is collected and treated at local wastewater treatment plants. The treatment process is responsible for the removal of pollutants such as heavy metals, radionuclides, xenobiotic compounds, organic waste etc as well as depletion of excess nutrients such as phosphorous and nitrogen. Read More

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High-quality genome assembly and pan-genome studies facilitate genetic discovery in mungbean and its improvement.

Plant Commun 2022 Jun 24:100352. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Institute of Cereal and Oil Crops, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences/Hebei Laboratory of Crop Genetic and Breeding, Shijiazhuang 050035, China. Electronic address:

Mungbean is an economically important legume crop species that is used as a food, consumed as a vegetable, and used as an ingredient and even as a medicine. To explore the genome diversity of mungbean, we assembled a high-quality reference genome (Vrad_JL7) that was ∼479.35 Mb in size, with a contig N50 length of 10. Read More

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Natural variation in the transcription factor Replumless contributes to both disease resistance and plant growth in Arabidopsis.

Plant Commun 2022 Jun 24:100351. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

School of Life Sciences and School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

When attacked by pathogens, plants need to reallocate energy from growth to defense to fend off the invaders, which frequently incurs growth penalties. This phenomenon is known as growth-defense tradeoff, which is orchestrated by a hardwired transcriptional network. Altering key factors involved in this network has the potential to increase disease resistance without growth or yield loss, but the mechanisms underlying such changes need further investigation. Read More

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Self-Medication Practice in Mexico.

Sr Care Pharm 2022 Jul;37(7):266-283

Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico.

To determine the prevalence and features of self-medication (SM) in Mexican populations. An electronic bibliographic search was carried out from databases and indexing services including Scopus, PubMed, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (Clarivate Analytics), Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar addressing SM practice in Mexican populations, SM with allopathic or conventional medicines (CM) or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and features of SM (diseases-related, factors-associated, and drugs). A total of 33 studies addressing SM practice in Mexican populations. Read More

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Phyllotaxis transition over the lifespan of a palm tree using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS): the case of Jubaea chilensis.

Plant Methods 2022 Jun 25;18(1):88. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Biomedical Imaging Center, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Macul, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Jubaea chilensis (Molina) Baillon, is a uniquely large palm species endemic to Chile. It is under threatened status despite its use as an ornamental species throughout the world. This research seeks to identify the phyllotaxis of the species based on an original combination of non-destructive data acquisition technologies, namely Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in saplings and young individuals and Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) in standing specimens, and a novel analysis methodology. Read More

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Semiochemical oviposition cues to control Aedes aegypti gravid females: state of the art and proposed framework for their validation.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 25;15(1):228. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Laboratory of Vector Control Research, Institute Pasteur of Guadeloupe, Lieu-dit Morne Jolivière, 97139, Les Abymes, Guadeloupe, France.

In the fight against mosquito-borne diseases, odour-based lures targeting gravid females represent a promising alternative to conventional tools for both reducing mosquito populations and monitoring pathogen transmission. To be sustainable and effective, they are expected to use semiochemicals that act specifically against the targeted vector species. In control programmes directed against Aedes aegypti, several candidates of different origins (conspecifics, plants) have already been identified as potential oviposition attractants or repellents in laboratory experiments. Read More

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Microplate bioassay to examine the effects of grapevine-isolated stilbenoids on survival of root knot nematodes.

BMC Res Notes 2022 Jun 25;15(1):220. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics Research Unit, USDA-ARS San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, 9611 S. Riverbend Ave, Parlier, CA, 93648, USA.

Objectives: Root knot nematodes can be major pests in vineyards and cause significant yield losses over time. Control involves the use of different resistant grapevine rootstocks, but it remains unclear the mechanisms that such rootstocks possess to limit root knot nematode infections. Defense-associated compounds called stilbenoids, a type of phenolic compound, are present in relatively substantial amounts in grapevine root tissues. Read More

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Soil-derived bacteria endow Camellia weevil with more ability to resist plant chemical defense.

Microbiome 2022 Jun 25;10(1):97. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A&F University, Zhejiang, Hangzhou, 311300, People's Republic of China.

Background: Herbivorous insects acquire their gut microbiota from diverse sources, and these microorganisms play significant roles in insect hosts' tolerance to plant secondary defensive compounds. Camellia weevil (Curculio chinensis) (CW) is an obligate seed parasite of Camellia oleifera plants. Our previous study linked the CW's gut microbiome to the tolerance of the tea saponin (TS) in C. Read More

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Chemical composition, anticancer and antibacterial activity of Nepeta mahanensis essential oil.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2022 Jun 25;22(1):173. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Herbal and Traditional Medicines Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Conventional cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, often affect the patients' quality of life due to their serious side effects, indicating the urgent need to develop less toxic and more effective alternative treatments. Medicinal plants and their derivatives are invaluable sources for such remedies. The present study aimed to determine the chemical composition, anticancer and antibacterial activities of Nepeta mahanesis essential oil (EO). Read More

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specificity: an R package for analysis of feature specificity to environmental and higher dimensional variables, applied to microbiome species data.

Environ Microbiome 2022 Jun 25;17(1):34. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Division of Biomedical Informatics and Personalized Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Understanding the factors that influence microbes' environmental distributions is important for determining drivers of microbial community composition. These include environmental variables like temperature and pH, and higher-dimensional variables like geographic distance and host species phylogeny. In microbial ecology, "specificity" is often described in the context of symbiotic or host parasitic interactions, but specificity can be more broadly used to describe the extent to which a species occupies a narrower range of an environmental variable than expected by chance. Read More

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Accurate recombination estimation from pooled genotyping and sequencing: a case study on barley.

BMC Genomics 2022 Jun 25;23(1):468. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Institute of Quantitative Genetics and Genomics of Plants, Heinrich Heine University, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Sexual reproduction involves meiotic recombination and the creation of crossing over between homologous chromosomes, which leads to new allele combinations. We present a new approach that uses the allele frequency differences and the physical distance of neighboring polymorphisms to estimate the recombination rate from pool genotyping or sequencing. This allows a considerable cost reduction compared to conventional mapping based on genotyping or sequencing data of single individuals. Read More

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FANCM promotes class I interfering crossovers and suppresses class II non-interfering crossovers in wheat meiosis.

Nat Commun 2022 Jun 25;13(1):3644. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Genetics and Genome Biology, Adrian Building, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.

FANCM suppresses crossovers in plants by unwinding recombination intermediates. In wheat, crossovers are skewed toward the chromosome ends, thus limiting generation of novel allelic combinations. Here, we observe that FANCM maintains the obligate crossover in tetraploid and hexaploid wheat, thus ensuring that every chromosome pair exhibits at least one crossover, by localizing class I crossover protein HEI10 at pachytene. Read More

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Narrowing down molecular targets for improving phosphorus-use efficiency in maize (Zea mays L.).

Mol Biol Rep 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

ICAR - Indian Institute of Maize Research, PAU Campus, Ludhiana, 141004, India.

Conventional agricultural practices rely heavily on chemical fertilizers to boost production. Among the fertilizers, phosphatic fertilizers are copiously used to ameliorate low-phosphate availability in the soil. However, phosphorus-use efficiency (PUE) for major cereals, including maize, is less than 30%; resulting in more than half of the applied phosphate being lost to the environment. Read More

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Insights of section-wide pan-genome into hybrid potato breeding.

Sci China Life Sci 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Institute for Advanced Studies, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.

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Molecular characterization of a novel virga-like virus associated with wheat.

Arch Virol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agroproducts, Key Laboratory of Biotechnology in Plant Protection of MOA of China and Institute of Plant Virology, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211, China.

In this work, we report the detection of a novel single-strand RNA virus from wheat, tentatively named "Triticum aestivum-associated virga-like virus 1" (TaAVLV1). Further characterization revealed that the complete genome of TaAVLV1 is divided into two segments, RNA1 and RNA2, which are 3530 and 3466 nt in length, excluding their respective polyA tails, and each contains only one open reading frame (ORF). The ORF of RNA1 encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), while the ORF of RNA2 encodes a putative protein with methyltransferase and helicase domains. Read More

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Changes in the proportion of anemia among young women after the Great East Japan Earthquake: the Fukushima health management survey.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 25;12(1):10805. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

This study aimed to evaluate the sequential changes in the proportion of anemia among young women over eight years after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 using a prospective study of the Fukushima Health Management Survey. This study focused on the women aged between 20 and 44 who lived in the evacuation area of the nuclear power plant accident. The yearly age-adjusted proportion of anemia was accessed with data between July 2011 and March 2019. Read More

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The first long-read nuclear genome assembly of Oryza australiensis, a wild rice from northern Australia.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 25;12(1):10823. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

School of Natural Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Oryza australiensis is a wild rice native to monsoonal northern Australia. The International Oryza Map Alignment Project emphasises its significance as the sole representative of the EE genome clade. Assembly of the O. Read More

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Multi-omics reveals mechanisms of resistance to potato root infection by Spongospora subterranea.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 25;12(1):10804. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, New Town Research Laboratories, University of Tasmania, 13 St Johns Avenue, New Town, TAS, 7008, Australia.

The pathogen Spongospora subterranea infects potato roots and developing tubers resulting in tuber yield and quality losses. Currently, there are no fully effective treatments for disease control. Host resistance is an important tool in disease management and understanding the molecular mechanisms of defence responses in roots of potato plants is required for the breeding of novel resistant cultivars. Read More

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Hypersymbiotics™: An artistic reflection on the ethical and environmental implications of microbiome research and new technologies.

Anna Dumitriu

Endeavour 2022 Jun 22:100820. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, UK; Brighton and Sussex Medical School, BSMS Teaching Building, University of Sussex, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9PX, UK. Electronic address:

This essay describes my ongoing series "Hypersymbiotics™," which began in 2012 and explores the potential ways in which our microbiome, genetics, epigenetics and even our environment could potentially be enhanced to turn us into human 'super-organisms.' The series includes performances and installations involving BioArt, as well as photographic documentation of ephemeral artworks and takes the form of a vehicle for public discussion about new healthcare technologies. The essay discusses artworks made using synthetic biology techniques including CRISPR genetic modification in bacteria and yeasts, and gene editing in plants, as well as using artificial intelligence and stem cell research. Read More

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Single plant remedies from traditional Indian medical systems in focus.

Annamma Spudich

J Ayurveda Integr Med 2022 Jun 22:100579. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

National Centre for Biological Sciences/TIFR, Bangalore, India. Electronic address:

Renewed awareness of the potentials of traditional medical systems and the limits of biomedicine have opened the dialog on making integrative medical therapies more mainstream. The vast resources of traditional medical knowledge from classical medical texts, folk medical practices based on the rich biodiversity available in India, and sophisticated experimental science and biomedical practice, places India in a unique place to lead the effort into integrative medicine to address some of the emerging global health care issues. Frequent use of antibiotics for minor ailments, for example, have been shown to develop adverse consequences for individuals and for public health globally. Read More

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One Health approach to improve the malaria elimination programme in Henan Province.

Adv Parasitol 2022 26;116:153-186. Epub 2022 Mar 26.

Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China. Electronic address:

One Health is a collaborative, multi-sectoral, trans-disciplinary approach with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes by recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and the environment and determining how this relates to the control of infectious diseases such as malaria, schistosomiasis and so on. Malarias caused by Plasmodium that commonly infects female Anopheles mosquitoes, which feed on human blood and act as a disease vector. It has been a worldwide important public health problem from ancient times. Read More

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The hormetic dose-risks of polymethylmethacrylate nanoplastics on chlorophyll a fluorescence transient, lipid composition and antioxidant system in Lactuca sativa.

Environ Pollut 2022 Jun 22:119651. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Selcuk University, Selcuklu, 42130, Konya, Turkey. Electronic address:

Nanoplastic pollution has become an increasing problem due to over-consumption and degradation in ecosystems. A little is known about ecological toxicity and the potential risks of nanoplastics on plants. To better comprehend the hormetic effects of nanoplastics, the experimental design was conducted on the impacts of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) on water status, growth, gas exchange, chlorophyll a fluorescence transient, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content (both content and fluorescence visualization), lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity (comparatively between leaves and roots). Read More

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Global PBDE contamination in cetaceans. A critical review.

Environ Pollut 2022 Jun 22:119670. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Organic Chemistry (IQOG-CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006, Madrid, Spain.

This review summarizes the most relevant information on PBDEs' occurrence and their impacts in cetaceans at global scale, with special attention on the species with the highest reported levels and therefore the most potentially impacted by the current and continuous release of these substances. This review also emphasizes the anthropogenic and environmental factors that could increase concentrations and associated risks for these species in the next future. High PBDE concentrations above the toxicity threshold and stationary trends have been related to continuous import of PBDE-containing products in cetaceans of Brazil and Australia, where PBDEs have never been produced. Read More

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A Comprehensive Overview of Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture.

J Biotechnol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248007, India. Electronic address:

Plant nutrition is crucial in crop productivity and providing food security to the ever-expanding population. Application of chemical/biological fertilizers and pesticides are the mainstays for any agricultural economy. However, there are unintended consequences of using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Read More

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A reverse-ecology framework to uncover the potential metabolic interplay among 'Candidatus Liberibacter' species, Citrus hosts and psyllid vector.

Gene 2022 Jun 22:146679. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Grupo de Genômica Evolutiva Microbiana, Laboratório de Genética Molecular de Microrganismos, Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agropecuária, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

'Candidatus Liberibacter' species have developed a dependency on essential nutrients and metabolites from the host cell, as a result of substantial genome reduction. Still, it is difficult to state which nutrients they acquire and whether or not they are metabolically reliant. We used a reverse-ecology model to investigate the potential metabolic interactions of 'Ca Liberibacter' species, Citrus, and the psyllid Diaphorina citri in the huanglongbing disease pyramid. Read More

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Identification and functional characterization of mRNAs that exhibit stop codon readthrough in Arabidopsis thaliana.

J Biol Chem 2022 Jun 22:102173. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India. Electronic address:

Stop codon readthrough (SCR) is the process of continuation of translation beyond the stop codon, generating protein isoforms with C-terminal extensions. SCR has been observed in viruses, fungi, and multicellular organisms, including mammals. However, SCR is largely unexplored in plants. Read More

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Furostanol saponins from Asparagus racemosus as potential hypoglycemic agents.

Phytochemistry 2022 Jun 22:113286. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Medicinal and Process Chemistry Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, BS-10/1, Sector 10, Jankipuram Extension, Sitapur Road, Lucknow, 226031, India; Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility & Research, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, BS-10/1, Sector 10, Jankipuram Extension, Sitapur Road, Lucknow, 226031, U.P., India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, U.P., India. Electronic address:

Bioactivity guided phytochemical investigation led to isolation of six undescribed furostanol saponins, furoasparoside A-F along with five known compounds, gallic acid, methyl gallate, quercetin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside, liquiritigenin 4-O-β-apiofuranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-glucopyranoside and β-glucogallin for the first time from the roots of Asparagus racemosus. Isolated saponins were screened for their antidiabetic potential in L6-GLUT4myc myotubes in vitro followed by an in vivo evaluation in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats and db/db mice. Furoasparoside E produced a notable decrease in the postprandial blood glucose profile, in leptin receptor-deficient db/db mice, type 2 diabetes model. Read More

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A study on exposure to greenspace during pregnancy and lipid profile in cord blood samples.

Environ Res 2022 Jun 22:113732. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain; Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Ciber on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Although evidence reporting the beneficial associations of prenatal greenspace exposure with pregnancy outcomes is increasing, there is still a lack of evidence on the potential association of such exposure to greenspace on fetal lipid profile. We aimed to first-time investigate the associations between prenatal exposure to greenspace and lipid levels in the cord blood. The present study was based on data from 150 expectant mothers, residents of Sabzevar city in Iran (2018). Read More

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Acute toxicity of broflanilide on neurosecretory system and locomotory behavior of zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Chemosphere 2022 Jun 22:135426. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Plant Protection College, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, China. Electronic address:

Broflanilide, a novel meta-diamide insecticide, possesses moderate acute toxicity to zebrafish, with a 96-h median lethal concentration (96-LC) of 0.76 mg/L. However, its effect on fish behavior and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Read More

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