2,322 results match your criteria Pinworms


A novel use of a geometric morphometric technique to distinguish human parasite eggs of twelve different species.

Exp Parasitol 2022 May 17:108281. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Public Health and Health Promotion, College of Allied Health Sciences, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Copro-microscopic diagnostic methods are the most common approach for screening patients with parasitic infections. However, expertise is required to identify helminthic eggs from fecal specimens. Consequently, new methods are required. Read More

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Shifting focus from resistance to disease tolerance: A review on hybrid house mice.

Ecol Evol 2022 May 7;12(5):e8889. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Molecular Parasitology Institute for Biology Humboldt University Berlin (HU) Berlin Germany.

Parasites have been proposed to modulate the fitness of hybridizing hosts in part based on observations in the European house mouse hybrid zone (HMHZ), a tension zone in which hybrids show reduced fitness. We here review evidence (1) for parasite load differences in hybrid versus parental mice and (2) for health and fitness effects of parasites promoting or preventing introgression and hybridization. The question of relative resistance or susceptibility of hybrids to parasites in the HMHZ has long been controversial. Read More

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The Novodiag Stool parasites assay, an innovative high-plex technique for fast detection of protozoa, helminths and microsporidia in stool samples: a retrospective and prospective study.

Parasite 2022 13;29:27. Epub 2022 May 13.

Nantes Université, CHU de Nantes, Cibles et Médicaments des Infections et de l'Immunité, IICiMed, UR1155, 44000 Nantes, France.

Objectives: We provide the first evaluation of the CE-IVD marked Novodiag stool parasites assay (NVD), allowing rapid and high-plex detection of 26 distinct targets, encompassing protozoans, helminths and microsporidia in stool samples.

Methods: A total of 254 samples (n = 205 patients) were prospectively processed by the NVD and our routine procedure (RP). Performances of the NVD were compared with RP. Read More

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[ infection in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province: a case report].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2021 Jul;34(2):212-213

Guizhou Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guiyang, Guizhou 550004, China.

The report presents a case with infections in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province, aiming to strengthen the attention to parasitic infections. Read More

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Whip- and pinworm infections elicit contrasting effector and distinct regulatory responses in wild house mice.

Int J Parasitol 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Institute of Immunology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Infections with high doses of intestinal nematodes result in protective immunity based on robust type 2 responses in most mouse lines under laboratory conditions. Here, we report on cellular responses of wild house mice from northern Germany. We detected robust Th1 responses in wild house mice naturally infected with the whipworm Trichuris muris. Read More

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Risk factors associated with intestinal pathogenic parasites in schoolchildren.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2022 Apr 3;29(4):2782-2786. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Universidad Catolica de Temuco, Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Departmento de Ciancias Biologicas Y Quimicas Casella 15-D, Temico Chile.

Diseases caused by intestinal parasites impose a substantial burden on population of middle income countries including Pakistan. This research was aimed to assess the risk factors for intestinal parasites in school children of Malakand, Pakistan. Two hundred and eighty eight students were enrolled between February and June 2016. Read More

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Cross-Sectional Study on Assessment of Frequency of Intestinal Helminth Infections and Its Related Risk Factors among School Children from Adola Town, Ethiopia.

Biomed Res Int 2022 11;2022:5908938. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Parul Institute of Applied Sciences, Parul University, Vadodara, 391760 Gujarat, India.

The three main intestinal helminth infections (IHIs), ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm, are common clinical disorders worldwide. These IHIs are more prevalent in tropics and subtropical countries especially in developing countries like sub-Saharan Africa responsible for morbidity, mortality, and physical as well as intellectual growth retardation in children. In Ethiopia, the burden of IHIs appears in all ages mainly due to factors like lack of education, low socio-economic status, and inadequate supply of drugs and proper awareness. Read More

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Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among people living with HIV attending Dessie Referral Hospital, Dessie town, North-east Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

AIDS Res Ther 2022 Apr 20;19(1):19. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Intestinal parasites and HIV/AIDS co-infection become a major public health concern in Africa. The management and care of HIV/AIDS patients is being complicated by intestinal parasitic infections. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of intestinal parasitic infections among people living with HIV at Dessie Referral Hospital, North-east Ethiopia. Read More

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Nutritional status, intestinal parasitic infections, and socio-environmental conditions in Mbyá-guaraní children: The current situation in communities in central Misiones, Argentina.

Am J Hum Biol 2022 Apr 7:e23749. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objectives: Our previous research in Mbyá-guaraní communities of central Misiones showed high levels of growth stunting and intestinal parasites in children, as well as associations between these variables and deficient sanitary conditions. New studies were necessary to update the present health status of the previously studied Mbyá populations after around two decades. Therefore, we evaluated the current nutritional status, intestinal parasites, and socio-environmental conditions among Mbyá-guaraní children from these communities. Read More

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Modified Nonnutrient Agar Plate Culture for the Diagnosis of and Hookworm Infections in La-Ngu District, Satun Province, Southern Thailand.

J Parasitol Res 2022 25;2022:1117400. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Preclinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.

Due to the low prevalence and light intensity of (, Ss) and hookworm (HW) in Thailand, an increase in the efficacy of detection with the appropriate diagnosis is needed. This cross-sectional survey is aimed at using modified nonnutrient agar plate culture (mNNAPC) to assess the prevalence of and hookworm infections and to report intestinal parasitic infections in La-Ngu villagers, Satun Province in Southern Thailand. We used wet smear, modified Harada-Mori filter paper culture (mHMFPC), and mNNAPC to investigate 204 villagers (4 villages) between August 2016 and January 2017. Read More

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[Surveillance of soil-borne nematodiasis in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2021 Oct;34(1):92-94

Yancheng Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224000, China.

Objective: To understand the prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the development of the scheme for further soil-transmitted nematodiasis surveillance.

Methods: Soil-borne nematode infections were detected using the modified Kato-Katz method (two slides for one sample) among the permanent residents living in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and infection was additionally detected among children at ages of 12 years and lower using the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method. The prevalence and intensity of human soil-borne nematode and infections were descriptively analyzed. Read More

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October 2021

Enterobiasis and its risk factors in urban, rural and indigenous children of subtropical Argentina.

Parasitology 2022 03 3;149(3):396-406. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Instituto Nacional de Medicina Tropical, INMeT, Neuquén y Jujuy s/n., Puerto Iguazú, Misiones3370, Argentina.

A cross-sectional survey to assess the prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis infection and its associated factors among the child population of infant, preschool and school age in the urban, rural and indigenous population of Iguazú city, in subtropical Argentina was presented. Additionally, the status of enterobiasis at country level was reviewed and analysed. Enterobius vermicularis presence was assessed employing an oviscopic serial sampling technique. Read More

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Costs and Prescribing Patterns of Anthelmintics in the United States Military: A Retrospective Analysis.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2022 Mar 14;9(3):ofac040. Epub 2022 Feb 14.

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Recent price increases in medications used to treat helminth infections have had demonstrated impacts on Medicaid and immigrant patient populations. Helminth infections are common within the US military; however, anthelmintic prescribing patterns and costs have not yet been investigated in this patient population.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of pharmaceutical data from the Military Health System Data Repository between fiscal years 2012 and 2019. Read More

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Parasitological Assessment of Sewage Sludge Samples for Potential Agricultural Reuse in Tunisia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 01 31;19(3). Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Basic and Clinical Sciences, University of Nicosia Medical School, 21 Ilia Papakyriakou, 2414 Engomi, CY-1700 Nicosia, Cyprus.

Wastewater sludge represents an important resource for reuse in agriculture. However, potentially harmful pathogens are a main threat in this context. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the presence of helminth ova and protozoan cysts in dried sewage sludge samples collected from ten wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in eight governorates in Tunisia. Read More

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January 2022

Pruritus ani in a school age boy.

BMJ 2022 02 9;376:e067817. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Department of Paediatrics, Khoo Teck Puat-National University Children's Medical Institute, National University Hospital, Singapore.

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February 2022

RURAL LEFT-BEHIND CHILDREN ARE SERIOUSLY AFFLICTED WITH INTESTINAL HELMINTH INFECTIONS IN SOUTHERN SICHUAH, CHINA.

J Parasitol 2022 01;108(1):53-56

School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, 4221-120 Xiangannan Road, Xiang'an District, Xiamen, Fujian, Peoples Republic of China.

Rural children are seriously afflicted with intestinal helminth infections in China. Of note, the term rural children includes rural left-behind children (LBC) and rural non-left-behind children (NLBC); the difference in the prevalence of intestinal helminths between the 2 groups remains unclear. In this study, Gulin and Xuyong counties in southern Sichuan were chosen for investigation in 2019. Read More

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January 2022

Artisanal tannery wastewater: quantity and characteristics.

Heliyon 2022 Jan 25;8(1):e08680. Epub 2021 Dec 25.

Department of Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Tannery wastewater is one of the most toxic waste generated in industries. In spite of this, there still remains a paucity of information on characteristics of wastewater generated from artisanal tanneries. This study, therefore, assessed the water consumption, wastewater generation rates, physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of wastewater produced from each process unit of an artisanal tannery in Ghana. Read More

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January 2022

Acute appendicitis and Enterobius Vermicularis: A rare association?

Ann Pathol 2022 Jan 6. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Pathology Department. Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain. Electronic address:

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January 2022

Infections Are a Very Dangerous Affair: Enterobiasis and Death.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Nov 27;9(12). Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, 80138 Naples, Italy.

Background: Enterobiasis or oxyuriasis from Enterobius vermicularis is an infection usually localized in the large bowel and cecum. Generally, the symptoms are characterized by anal itching, and intestinal or nervous disorders. Rarely, it is responsible for death. Read More

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November 2021

Helminth-Induced Human Gastrointestinal Dysbiosis: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Reveals Insights into Altered Taxon Diversity and Microbial Gradient Collapse.

mBio 2021 12 21;12(6):e0289021. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

High-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing has allowed the characterization of helminth-uninfected (HU) and helminth-infected (HI) gut microbiomes, revealing distinct profiles. However, there have been no qualitative or quantitative syntheses of these studies, which show marked variation in participant age, diet, pathogen of interest, and study location. A predefined minimally biased search strategy identified 23 studies in humans. Read More

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December 2021

Prevalence of and risk factors for Enterobius vermicularis infestation in preschool children, West Bank, Palestine, 2015.

East Mediterr Health J 2021 Dec 1;27(11):1052-1060. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine.

Background: Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) infestation is a common condition that primarily affects children.

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of and the risk factors for E. vermicularis infestation in preschool children in north West Bank. Read More

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December 2021

Iron-Deficiency Anemia in an Elderly Caucasian Female: An Unusual Colonoscopic Finding.

Cureus 2021 Nov 14;13(11):e19564. Epub 2021 Nov 14.

Internal Medicine/Gastroenterology, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, USA.

Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is common in the elderly population. It is usually the result of chronic gastrointestinal diseases which could lead to iron losses, malabsorption, or both. IDA is most often the result of chronic gastrointestinal blood loss caused by esophagitis, gastritis, ulcer, colon cancer, pre-malignant polyps, or angiodysplasia. Read More

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November 2021

Chronic Vomiting and Weight Loss Due to Cecal Pinworm Infestation: A Case Report and Brief Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Nov 6;13(11):e19319. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, SAU.

(), also called pinworm or threadworm, is a widespread parasitic infection that has infected approximately 40 million individuals in the United States. However, the infection is rarely seen in the adult population. An atypical presentation of () infection has been reported previously in children and infants. Read More

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November 2021

[Prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan Province: a cross-sectional study in 2015].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2021 Aug;33(5):513-517

Yunnan Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Pu'er 665000, China.

Objective: To investigate the current prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the soil-borne nematodiasis control strategy in the province.

Methods: In 2015, a total of 20 survey sites were sampled in 10 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Stool samples were collected from all local permanent residents at ages of one year and older in each survey site, and the soil-borne nematode eggs were identified using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the egg number was counted. Read More

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Mid-7th century BC human parasite remains from Jerusalem.

Authors:
Dafna Langgut

Int J Paleopathol 2022 03 12;36:1-6. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

The Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments. Institute of Archaeology and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the species of intestinal parasites present in 7th century BC high-status residents of Jerusalem and to expose the history of regional health and sanitary conditions.

Materials: Fifteen sediment samples were collected from the cesspit below a stone toilet seat found at the site of Armon Hanatziv, southern Jerusalem. The toilet installation was located in a garden adjacent to a monumental structure with extraordinary architectural elements. Read More

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Bile duct infestation with Enterobius vermicularis diagnosed after cholecystectomy: About two case reports.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Nov 6;9(11):e05038. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Department of Pathology Mohamed Taher Maamouri Hospital Nabeul Tunisia.

Intestinal infestation with Enterobius vermicularis is common, especially in the developing countries. However, its migration in the bile ducts is rare, often diagnosed after cholecystectomy. More investigations are needed to define its involvement in symptoms presented by patients and the likelihood of complications. Read More

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November 2021

Enterobius vermicularis-associated appendicitis: A 22-year case series and comprehensive review of the literature.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Oct 1. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Road, PO Box 100119, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Enterobius vermicularis is known to be associated with appendicitis, however a causal relationship between Enterobius and appendicitis has not been established. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between appendiceal Enterobius and histologic appendicitis.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all pediatric appendectomies between 1997 and 2019. Read More

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October 2021

Effects of Maternal Fenbendazole on Litter Size, Survival Rate, and Weaning Weight in C57BL/6J Mice.

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2021 11 9;60(6):630-636. Epub 2021 Nov 9.

Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Fenbendazole is a broad-spectrum benzimidazole commonly used in laboratory animal medicine as an anthelmintic for elimination of pinworms. This drug is generally regarded as safe, with minimal side effects. Some data in rodent species indicate multiple physiologic effects of fenbendazole, including changes in immune parameters and behavior, but no studies to date have evaluated possible effects on reproduction in mice. Read More

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November 2021

Retrospective analysis and time series forecasting with automated machine learning of ascariasis, enterobiasis and cystic echinococcosis in Romania.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 11 1;15(11):e0009831. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, University Medical Center and Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, and Center of Excellence in Dermatology, Mannheim, Germany.

The epidemiology of neglected tropical diseases (NTD) is persistently underprioritized, despite NTD being widespread among the poorest populations and in the least developed countries on earth. This situation necessitates thorough and efficient public health intervention. Romania is at the brink of becoming a developed country. Read More

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November 2021

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Yifag Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2021 21;2021:7291199. Epub 2021 Oct 21.

Abune Gorgorios School, Bahir Dar City Administration, Bahir Dar, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia.

Background: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to March 2020 to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) at Yifag Health Center.

Methods: The data were collected by a questionnaire interview technique and collecting the stool samples from each pregnant woman. Wet-mount and formol-ether concentration techniques were applied to identify the IPIs. Read More

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October 2021