2,260 results match your criteria Pinworms


Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intestinal Helminthiasis in Remote Mountainous Villages of Northern Lao PDR: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):131-138. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 03080, Korea.

Helminth infections are prevalent in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). This study aimed at determining the prevalence and risk factors of intestinal helminthiasis in remote mountainous villages of northern Lao PDR. During the dry season in January 2017, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 3 remote mountainous villages in Oudomxay province, Lao PDR. Read More

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Schistosoma mansoni and soil transmtted helminths in olive baboons and potential zoonosis.

Vet Med Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Conservation Biology, Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi, Kenya.

Zoonotic pathogens are among the most important causes of ill health all over the world. The presence of these pathogens in free ranging baboons may have significant implications for humans. In Kenya, the encroachment of wildlife habitats has led to increased interaction between humans and wildlife especially non-human primates. Read More

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Intestinal parasites among intellectually disabled individuals in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Gut Pathog 2021 May 1;13(1):28. Epub 2021 May 1.

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Poor self-care skills and personal hygiene resulted from limitations in learning and understanding, put intellectually disabled individuals at greater risk for intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs). Despite several regional reports in Iran, the overall burden on IPIs among intellectually disabled individuals is poorly understood. Hence, the present study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of IPIs among intellectually disabled individuals in Iran. Read More

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Evaluation of the Allplex™ GI-Helminth(I) Assay, the first marketed multiplex PCR for helminth diagnosis.

Parasite 2021 2;28:33. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Université de Rennes, CHU Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de Recherche en Santé Environnement Travail), UMRS 1085, 35000 Rennes, France.

Molecular biology has been gaining more importance in parasitology. Recently, a commercial multiplex PCR assay detecting helminths was marketed: the Allplex™ GI-Helminth(I) Assay. It targets Ancylostoma spp. Read More

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Unusual infectious agents detected in appendectomy specimens: A retrospective analysis of 42 cases.

Turk J Surg 2020 Sep 28;36(3):291-296. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Inonu University Faculty Of Medicine, Patholgoy, Malatya, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological features of 42 patients with unusual infectious agents detected in their appendectomy specimens.

Material And Methods: Between January 1999 and November 2018, 2.754 patients underwent emergency or incidental appendectomy in our clinic, and their pathology reports were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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September 2020

Genetic diversity of Syphacia Seurat, 1916 (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) across the hybrid zone of their rodent hosts in Russia.

Parasitol Res 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Centre of Parasitology, A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospect, 33, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119071.

The genetic diversity of Syphacia nematodes (intestinal parasites of rodents) was studied in the hybrid zone of two sister species of common voles, Microtus arvalis and Microtus obscurus, in the Oka River valley, east of Moscow. Syphacia nematodes of other rodent species (Microtus rossiaemeridionalis, Alexandromys oeconomus, Sylvaemus uralensis, and Apodemus agrarius) that inhabit the area were also studied. Phylogenetic trees for the studied nematodes were inferred from the analysis of nuclear ITS1+5. Read More

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Diversity of parasites in two captive chimpanzee populations in southern Gabon.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Mar 16;91:104807. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, UMR 7205 CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHE, 55, rue Buffon, 75231 Paris, Cedex 05, France. Electronic address:

Captive chimpanzees living in confined environments like sanctuaries or primatology centers are frequently affected by gastrointestinal parasites. Some of these are likely to be transmitted to humans and may seriously affect public health. However little information is currently available on the gastrointestinal parasites of primates living in such environments. Read More

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Early Detection of Trichinella spiralis DNA in Rat Feces Based on Tracing Phosphate Ions Generated During Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.

J Parasitol 2021 Mar;107(2):141-146

Department of Immunity and Biochemistry, Institute of Parasitic Disease, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, 310053, China.

Early diagnosis of trichinellosis is still difficult because of the lack of specific symptoms and limited window for serological detection. Here we established an assay based on tracing phosphate ions generated during loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to detect Trichinella spiralis DNA in rat feces during its early stage of infection. By targeting a 1. Read More

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Intestinal helminths as predictors of some malaria clinical outcomes and IL-1β levels in outpatients attending two public hospitals in Bamenda, North West Cameroon.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Mar 2;15(3):e0009174. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Biology, Higher Teachers Training College, University of Bamenda, Bambili, North West Region, Cameroon.

This study aimed at determining the impact of intestinal helminths on malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and pyrexia considering the levels of IL-1β among outpatients in Bamenda. A cohort of 358 consented participants aged three (3) years and above, both males and females on malaria consultation were recruited in the study. At enrolment, patients' axillary body temperatures were measured and recorded. Read More

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Water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions and prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among primary school children in Dessie City, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(2):e0245463. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: Intestinal parasitosis is a major public health problem that affects the health of primary school children in low- and middle-income countries where water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions are deficient. Since there is a paucity of information on the prevalence and associated factors of this problem among primary school children in Dessie City in Ethiopia, this study was designed to address these gaps.

Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 407 stratified-sampled primary school children in five primary schools at Dessie City from April to June 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Helminth infections in the United States military: from strongyloidiasis to schistosomiasis.

J Travel Med 2021 Jan 22. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Helminth infections, caused by parasitic worms including nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms), and trematodes (flukes), can cause chronic symptoms and serious clinical outcomes if left untreated. The U.S. Read More

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January 2021

Small bowel intussusception and infestation in a 20-year-old woman.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 19;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

A 20-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and MRI findings of intussusception of the distal small bowel with no identifiable lead point and no visualisation of the appendix. A diagnostic laparoscopy succeeded in manually reducing the intussusception but was unable to find any candidate lead point. Intraoperatively, hyperperistalsis was observed throughout the small bowel which seemed prone to transient intussusception. Read More

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January 2021

Perforation of the Small Intestine with Acute Peritonitis Caused by .

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2020 Dec;62(4):875-879

MBAL Uni Hospital, Panagyurishte, Bulgaria.

Perianal and perineal pruritus is often associated with Enterobius vermicularis in children. Although this roundworm is common in pediatric practice, most doctors are unaware that it can cause appendicular colic with/or appendicitis, severe urogenital complications, bowel perforation, and peritonitis. We report a case of a young male who presented with signs and symptoms of acute peritonitis. Read More

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December 2020

Intestinal parasites in child and youth populations of Argentina: Environmental factors determining geographic distribution.

Rev Argent Microbiol 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP-asociado a CICPBA), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The transmission of intestinal parasites is generally considered to be "mediated by the environment" which suggests that they are particularly sensitive to the changes that occur in it. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the environmental variables that act as risk factors for intestinal parasitosis in children and youths in Argentina. The association between environmental variables related to temperature, precipitation and soil and parasitosis found in children and youths from different provinces was evaluated, including land use/cover classes obtained from satellite images. Read More

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January 2021

Cluster of Parasite Infections by the Spatial Scan Analysis in Korea.

Korean J Parasitol 2020 Dec 29;58(6):603-608. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Biomedicine Health Science, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

This study was performed to find out the clusters with high parasite infection risk to discuss the geographical pattern. Clusters were detected using SatScan software, which is a statistical spatial scan program using Kulldorff's scan statistic. Information on the parasitic infection cases in Korea 2011-2019 were collected from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read More

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December 2020

Intestinal parasites among food handlers in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Food Microbiol 2021 May 4;95:103703. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran. Electronic address:

Regarding preparing and serving foods, food handlers have an influential role in the spreading of foodborne infections. Due to the great potential to cause foodborne infections, intestinal parasites (IPs) are considered a significant public health problem in today's societies. In Iran, despite several regional reports, national data on IPs prevalence in food handlers are lacking. Read More

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Parasitic risk factors in migrant horticultural families from Bolivia settled in the rural area of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

One Health 2020 Dec 13;11:100179. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP- asociado a CICPBA), La Plata, Argentina.

Objective: The aims were to diagnose intestinal parasites in migrant horticultural families in the rural area of La Plata, and assess factors that increase the risk of parasitic infection.

Materials And Methods: Serial stool samples and anal swabs of 350 individuals were processed using sedimentation and flotation techniques. Socio-sanitary and environmental characteristics were surveyed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Read More

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December 2020

Dynamics of Gastro-Intestinal Strongyle Parasites in a Group of Translocated, Wild-Captured Asiatic Wild Asses in Kazakhstan.

Front Vet Sci 2020 11;7:598371. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Interdisciplinary Life Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Asiatic wild ass (Kulan, ) population range and numbers became severely reduced and a reintroduction project is currently aiming to re-establish a population in the Central Steppe of Kazakhstan. Pre-emptive deworming is often recommended for equid translocations but eliminating parasites prior to translocation could cause disruptions in a balanced host-parasite relationship, adding an additional stressor to an already stressful intervention involving capture, transport, and adaptation to a new environment. Following a disease risk assessment, we decided against pre-emptive deworming and focused on monitoring the first group of nine translocated kulan in a large acclimatization enclosure prior to release. Read More

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December 2020

DIAGNOSIS OF ENTEROBIUS VERMICULARIS INFESTATIONS.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 12;56(12):1994

Department of Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

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December 2020

Prevalence of Blatticola blattae (Thelastomatidae) in German cockroaches Blattella germanica in Japan.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Feb 14;83(2):174-179. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Laboratory of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan.

A survey for nematode infection in German cockroaches captured in restaurants in various areas of Japan as well as the laboratory-bred colony was carried out. The nematodes were then identified morphologically and molecularly. Of the 320 German cockroaches collected at 79 restaurants in 26 prefectures in Japan, 66. Read More

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February 2021

The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Their Associated Factors among Diabetes Mellitus Patients at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Parasitol Res 2020 20;2020:8855965. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Worldwide, more than one-sixth of the population is infected by intestinal parasites, of which the majority live in developing countries. On the other hand, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been increasing over recent decades in developing countries. Patients with diabetes mellitus encountered impaired immunity and suffer from the consequences of infection particularly intestinal parasitic infection. Read More

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November 2020

Prevalence and Intensity of Intestinal Helminth Infections in Preschool Pupils in Lugari Subcounty, Kakamega County, Kenya.

J Parasitol Res 2020 7;2020:8871042. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 190, Kakamega, Kenya.

Intestinal helminths cause anaemia, malnutrition, indigestion disorders, retarded growth, and low mental abilities in pupils. About 1.5 billion are infected globally. Read More

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November 2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Aspiculuris tetraptera (nematoda: Heteroxynematidae) from Mus musculus (rodentia: Muridae) in Saudi Arabia.

Biosci Rep 2020 12;40(12)

Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11452, Saudi Arabia.

Aspiculuris tetraptera a pinworm of mice, is an important parasite in institutions with mice colonies for both research and teaching purposes. Infection with this parasite has impact on biomedical research. This is likely due to the availability of the parasite's eggs in the environment, therefore can easily be transmitted and infection is generally asymptomatic. Read More

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December 2020

Abdominal pain - a common presentation with unusual diagnosis: a case report.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2020 Oct 29;10(6):604-608. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Acute abdominal pain is a frequent cause for evaluation in the clinic and emergency room. A number of causes of abdominal pain are diagnosed easily based on the history, physical exam, and some laboratory findings. However, unusual conditions may pose a challenge and require invasive procedures for diagnosis. Read More

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October 2020

Enterobius vermicularis in appendectomy specimens; Clinicopathological assessment: Cross sectional study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2020 Dec 28;60:168-172. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Sudan.

Background: This study identifies the incidence of appendiceal Enterobius vermicularis (E.v) infestation in all the patients undergoing appendectomy and evaluates the relationship between E. v infestation of the appendix and the acute appendicitis. Read More

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December 2020

Low socioeconomic level and enterobius vermicularis: A interventional study to children and their mothers in home.

Zoonoses Public Health 2020 12 4;67(8):882-891. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

To determine the effects of care and monitoring provided at home to children in whom Enterobius vermicularis is detected and their mothers on the presence of observing the parasite and the knowledge and practices of the children and their mothers on the issue. This study used a pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design. In the study, 20 students and their mothers were determined as the experimental group, while 18 students and their mothers were determined as the control group. Read More

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December 2020

Epidemiological Study of Parasitic Infections in BuMusa Island, Hormozgan.

Authors:
Hossein Sobati

Iran J Parasitol 2020 Jul-Sep;15(3):425-434

Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This epidemiological study aimed to investigate the prevalence of parasitic infections in BuMusa Island, Iran, in one year from 2015 to 2016.

Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted in coordination with the health authorities of BuMusa on 732 intestinal samples and 1207 blood samples randomly collected from the island residents. Cutaneous lesions of 1207 people were clinically examined and those suspected of parasitic infections were enrolled. Read More

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October 2020

Enterobius vermicularis Infection of the Lung Associated With the Use of Ibrutinib in a Patient With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Am J Ther 2020 Oct 10. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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October 2020

Unexpected effects of ivermectin and selamectin on inducible Cre activity in mice.

Lab Anim Res 2020 7;36:36. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN USA.

Background: Anti-parasitics are frequently used in research animal facilities to treat a multitude of common infections, with pinworms and fur mites being amongst the most common. Ivermectin and selamectin are common oral and topical treatments for these infections, respectively. Although commonly thought to be innocuous to both the research animals and any transgenic elements that the animals may carry, evidence exists that ivermectin is capable of activating the recombinase activity of at least one Cre. Read More

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October 2020

Enteric pathogens in German police officers after predominantly tropical deployments - A retrospective assessment over 5 years.

Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp) 2020 Oct 5. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

4Department of Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Bundeswehr Hospital Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: The study was performed to assess the infection risk of German police officers on predominantly tropical deployments, mostly United Nations missions, with gastrointestinal pathogens.

Methods: Police officers were offered PCR-based screening for gastrointestinal pathogens before and after deployment. The screening panel comprised enteroinvasive bacteria (Salmonella spp. Read More

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October 2020