2,253 results match your criteria Pinworm


Cold hardiness of the South American tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): both larvae and adults are chill-susceptible.

Pest Manag Sci 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, P. Bag 16, Palapye, Botswana.

Background: For many insects, including invasive species, overwintering survival is achieved behaviourally (e.g. through migration) or physiologically by entering diapause, a state of arrested physiological development that may be accompanied with depressed supercooling points (SCPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.6006DOI Listing

Effects of anthelmintics on the pinworm Blatticola blattae in laboratory-reared German cockroaches Blattella germanica.

Parasitol Res 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Laboratory of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 252-5201, Japan.

The efficacy of pyrantel pamoate, pyrvinium pamoate, ivermectin, and piperazine citrate against pinworm in cockroach was evaluated. Laboratory-reared German cockroaches naturally infected with Blatticola blattae were treated with the anthelmintics and necropsied at 3 to 35 days after treatment. Ivermectin at over 5 ppm and piperazine citrate at over 2000 ppm killed all the treated cockroaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06778-1DOI Listing

Impact of routine histopathological examination of appendectomy specimens on patient management: a study of 4012 appendectomy specimens.

Turk J Surg 2019 Sep 23;35(3):196-201. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of General Surgery, Al-jala Hospital, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.

Objectives: For a suspected diagnosis of acute appendicitis, appendectomy is one of the most common emergency abdominal operations performed. However, the need for routine histopathological examination (HPE) of all appendectomy specimens has recently been questioned. The aim of this study was to assess whether a routine HPE of appendectomy specimens is needed and whether routine HPE has an impact on further management of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/turkjsurg.4253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6795225PMC
September 2019

Intestinal Parasite Detection in Assorted Vegetables in the United Arab Emirates.

Oman Med J 2020 May 8;35(3):e128. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE.

Objectives: Consuming raw vegetables presents a considerable risk to the public and is the chief mode of transmission of intestinal parasites. We sought to assess the degree of parasitic contaminations on selected vegetables in the UAE.

Methods: A total of 218 fresh vegetable samples were collected randomly from different farms and local supermarkets between February 2017 and January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5001/omj.2020.46DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276944PMC

Prevalence and Age Distribution of Enterobiasis in North-Eastern Bulgaria.

Helminthologia 2020 Jun 23;57(2):100-108. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University "Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov" - Varna, Bulgaria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/helm-2020-0019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261028PMC

Hepatic pinworm infestation misdiagnosed as a liver metastasis in a patient with colonic adenocarcinoma.

IDCases 2020 11;21:e00803. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Inge Lehmanns Vej 14, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

An extra-intestinal infestation of (pinworm) is uncommon. We present a case of hepatic infestation of pinworm in a 57-year-old woman, misdiagnosed as a colorectal adenocarcinoma metastasis. The route of migration from the intestine to the liver is not well established but the most plausible route seems to be hematogenous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262436PMC

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Rural Inhabitants of Fouman, Guilan Province, Northern Iran with Emphasis on .

Iran J Parasitol 2020 Jan-Mar;15(1):91-100

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are among the most important etiologies of gastrointestinal disorders in developing countries. The present study was performed to determine the prevalence of IPIs in rural inhabitants of Fouman, northern Iran.

Methods: Overall, 31 villages were randomly selected during 2015-2016. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244841PMC

Thermal plasticity in the invasive south American tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).

J Therm Biol 2020 May 18;90:102598. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, P. Bag 16, Palapye, Botswana. Electronic address:

South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is a devastating invasive global insect pest of tomato, Solanum lycopersicum (Solanaceae). In nature, pests face multiple overlapping environmental stressors, which may significantly influence survival. To cope with rapidly changing environments, insects often employ a suite of mechanisms at both acute and chronic time-scales, thereby improving fitness at sub-optimal thermal environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2020.102598DOI Listing

Confusing a Pollen Grain with a Parasite Egg: Infection or Traditional Medicine?

Korean J Parasitol 2020 Apr 30;58(2):211-212. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Camacho & Reinhard stated in the December 2019 issue of the KJP (57: 621-625) that we confused a pollen grain with an Enterobius egg found in the grave of a female adolescent residing in ancient Tehran 7,000 years ago. We want here to clarify and answer to the outlined points in their article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2020.58.2.211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231824PMC

Impact of Enterobius vermicularis infection on biochemical parameters in the blood of children in Erbil Province, Iraq.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 May 12;20(1):336. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, Erbil Health technical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Background: Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal helminthic parasite that causes a gastrointestinal infection called enterobiasis. Children are more susceptible to infection than adults. The current study aimed to explore the prevalence of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05064-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216599PMC

First Report Using a Native Lacewing Species to Control : From Laboratory Trials to Field Assessment.

Insects 2020 May 7;11(5). Epub 2020 May 7.

CAS Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China.

The South American tomato pinworm, (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), a destructive pest on tomato, has invaded most Afro-Eurasian countries. Recently invaded by the pest, most tomato crops in greenhouses and open fields in Tajikistan are currently suffering major damage. While failure in management using chemical insecticide has been frequently observed, alternative options such as biological control is urgently needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects11050286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290810PMC

Comparison of commercial and in-house real-time PCR platforms for 15 parasites and microsporidia in human stool samples without a gold standard.

Acta Trop 2020 Jul 3;207:105516. Epub 2020 May 3.

Institute for Medical Microbiology, Virology and Hygiene, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany; Department of Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Bundeswehr Hospital Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: A test comparison of in-house and commercial real-time PCR (qPCR) kits for the detection of human parasites and microsporidia in stool samples was conducted without a gold standard. Three different commercial kits were included in the comparison, with a range of 3-15 different PCR targets, while 14 targets were covered by in-house testing, so not all 16 target pathogens were covered by all assays.

Methods: Residual materials from nucleic acid extractions of stool samples with very high likelihood of being colonized or infected by at least one enteric parasite species or microsporidia were tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105516DOI Listing

Room Decontamination Using Ionized Hydrogen Peroxide Fog and Mist Reduces Hatching Rates of Syphacia obvelata Ova.

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

This study evaluated the efficacy of ionized hydrogen peroxide (iHP) fog and mist for environmental and surface decontaminationof Syphacia obvelata ova in rodent rooms. Ova were collected by perianal tape impression from S. obvelata infectedmice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.30802/AALAS-JAALAS-19-000156DOI Listing

Histopathological features of incidental appendectomy specimens obtained from living liver donors.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020 Mar;31(3):257-263

Department of Surgery and Liver Transplant Institute, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey.

Background/aims: To determine the histopathological features of incidental appendectomy specimens obtained from living liver donors (LLDs) Materials and Methods: Between September 2005 and November 2018, 1910 LLDs underwent living donor hepatectomy at our institute. Incidental appendectomy together with living donor hepatectomy (LDH) was performed in 170 LLDs. The decision for incidental appendectomy was made by experienced gastrointestinal surgeons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tjg.2020.19010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197931PMC

The neglected role of Enterobius vermicularis in appendicitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2020 23;15(4):e0232143. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Although the main cause of appendicitis is unclear, infection with Enterobius vermicularis is suggested as a neglected risk factor. Since, there is no comprehensive analysis to estimate the prevalence of E. vermicularis in appendicitis; therefore, we conducted a global-scale systematic review and meta-analysis study to estimate the prevalence of E. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232143PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7179856PMC
April 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

First description of male worms of Enterobius (Colobenterobius) serratus (Nematoda: Oxyuridae), the pinworm parasite of proboscis monkeys.

Zootaxa 2020 Jan 14;4722(3):zootaxa.4722.3.6. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Oita, 879-5593 Japan..

Males of Enterobius (Colobenterobius) serratus Hasegawa et al., 2003 (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) are described for the first time based on six individuals collected from the feces of proboscis monkeys, Nasalis larvatus, in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. The males show identical cephalic morphology to females, being readily distinguishable from their congeners by the serrated inner margins of the lips. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4722.3.6DOI Listing
January 2020

Infestation Mimicking Rectal Malignancy

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2020 Mar;44(1):58-60

İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, İstanbul, Turkey

is a common intestinal nematode of humans that can be considered relatively harmless. A polypoid lesion mimicking malignancy was detected in the rectum of a 66-year-old female patient who had been operated for sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma in the past. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed no malignancy but there was adult nematodes and eggs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tpd.galenos.2019.6617DOI Listing

The Distribution of Pathogenic Intestinal Parasites in Sivas Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine Research and Application Hospital between 2006-2018

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2020 Mar;44(1):25-30

Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of intestinal parasites in patients admitted to our hospital with gastrointestinal complaints in our city harboring sociocultural and economic changes, and to show the relationship between these parasites and variables such as age, sex and year.

Methods: The distribution of intestinal parasites in patients who suffered from gastrointestinal symptoms and were referred to our microbiology/parasitology laboratory from various clinics of the Sivas Cumhuriyet University Training and Research Hospital between January 2006 and December 2018 was determined. After macroscopic examination, 19,760 stool specimens were examined with Nativ-lugol, if necessary, flotation, sedimentation, trichrome and modified acid-fast, Certest Combo Card test Crypto + Giardia + Entamoeba (CerTest Biotec S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tpd.galenos.2020.6619DOI Listing

[Surveillance of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Zhenjiang City from 2006 to 2018].

Authors:
S S Li L Wang A H Li

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Oct;32(1):83-86

Zhenjiang Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jiangsu Province, Zhenjiang 212004, China.

Objective: To understand the epidemic trend of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in Zhenjiang City from 2006 to 2018, so as to provide evidence for formulating targeted control measures.

Methods: The permanent residents at ages of 3 years and greater and the immigrants who had lived in Zhenjiang City for more than one year were selected as the study subjects. Fecal samples were collected, and the soil-transmitted nematode eggs were detected in fecal samples with the modified Kato-Katz technique (three smears from one stool sample), while the children at ages of 12 years and lower were tested for eggs using the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019137DOI Listing
October 2019

[National surveillance on infections among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in China from 2016 to 2018].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2020 Jan;32(1):54-59

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, National Health Commission, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To understand the epidemic status of infections among children aged 3 to 9 years in China, so as to provide scientific basis for the formulation of the prevention and control strategies for enterobiasis.

Methods: The national surveillance of enterobiasis was performed in 736 national surveillance sites (counties) from 30 provinces (municipalities/autonomous regions) in China from 2016 to 2018. All surveillance sites were classified into parts according to the geographical directions, including the eastern, western, southern, northern and middle parts, and a township was randomly selected from each part. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019239DOI Listing
January 2020

Identifying human enteric parasitic infections in Greece, with focus on Giardia and Cryptosporidium.

Exp Parasitol 2020 Feb 20;211:107864. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Veterinary Research Institute - Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, 57001, Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address:

A study was conducted in two different areas in Greece to investigate the presence of intestinal human parasitic infections (targeting healthy and individuals with diarrhoea). In total, 876 stool samples were collected from 822 adults and 54 children. Both sedimentation (acid/ether) and concentration/flotation techniques were performed in all samples to detect intestinal parasites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2020.107864DOI Listing
February 2020

Synthesis and efficacy of pyrvinium-inspired analogs against tuberculosis and malaria pathogens.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2020 Apr 14;30(8):127037. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Organic Synthesis and Process Chemistry, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 007, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201 002, India. Electronic address:

Herein, we report the synthesis and evaluation of pyrvinium-based antimalarial and antitubercular compounds. Pyrvinium is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of pinworm infection, and it has been reported to have antiparasitic and antimicrobial activities. Pyrvinium contains quinoline core coupled with pyrrole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127037DOI Listing
April 2020
2.420 Impact Factor

[Surveillance of soil-borne nematodiasis in Danyang City from 2012 to 2018].

Authors:
T Jiang Q F Fu T Zhu

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Oct;31(6):645-648

Danyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jiangsu Province, Danyang 212300, China.

Objective: To monitor the epidemic status of human soil-borne nematodiasis in Danyang City, so as to provide scientific evidence for formulating control measures.

Methods: The soil-borne nematode infections were tested using a modified Kato-Katz technique among residents aged more than 3 years living in Danyang City from 2012 to 2018, and the eggs were detected using the transparent adhesive tape anal swab method among children at ages of 3 to 12 years.

Results: A total of 13 540 residents were monitored for soil-borne nematode infections from 2012 to 2018, and the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections was 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019052DOI Listing
October 2019

[Surveillance of human intestinal parasitic diseases in Nanping City from 2014 to 2018].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Nov;31(6):641-644

Nanping Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Fujian Province, Nanping 353000, China.

Objective: To investigate the status of human intestinal parasitic diseases in Nanping City from 2014 to 2018, so as to provide reference for the development of the effective control measures.

Methods: Administrative villages were selected using the two-stage cluster sampling in Nanping City from 2014 to 2018, and surveillance of human intestinal parasitic diseases was performed in 5 administrative villages in each county (district) of Nanping City. Intestinal parasitic infections were detected using a modified Kato-Katz thick smear method (two smears for a single stool sample) in villagers, and the hookworm species was differentiated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019107DOI Listing
November 2019

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among the Bulgarian Population Over a Three Year Period (2015 - 2017).

Helminthologia 2020 Mar 25;57(1):12-18. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria, Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Yanko Sakazov Blvd. 26, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria.

The aim of the present study is to perform a retrospective analysis of the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the Bulgarian population over the period 2015 - 2017. The study involved all Bulgarians and foreign nationals residing in the country who had been tested for intestinal protozoa and helminths. A total of 23,785 infections have been revealed, of which 17,712 (74. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/helm-2020-0002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6996262PMC
March 2020
0.678 Impact Factor

Successful Resolution of Recurrent Vaginal Pinworm Infection With Intermittent Albendazole Administration.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 03;39(3):254-255

Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

We describe the case of a 7-year-old girl with repeated vaginal Enterobius vermicularis infection, never detected as a digestive tract infection. Two-dose pyrantel pamoate or 2-dose albendazole could not suppress recurrence. Finally, 3-dose albendazole after 2-week intervals was successful in preventing relapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002546DOI Listing

Infection of the Uterine Endometrium in an Infertile Female.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2020 Feb 10;70(1):89-91. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

3Department of Pathology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13224-019-01252-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6982616PMC
February 2020

Prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal helminthic infections in children from Lorestan province, Western Iran.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2020 May 9;9:e00136. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Hepatitis Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Background: Intestinal helminthic infections are among the most important global socioeconomic and health problems. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of intestinal parasites in 366 children aged 2 to 15 years referred to the main pediatric health center of Lorestan Province, Iran.

Methods: Microscopic analysis was performed on 366 stool samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2020.e00136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6976929PMC

Pinworm Infection at Salmon Ruins and Aztec Ruins: Relation to Pueblo III Regional Violence.

Korean J Parasitol 2019 Dec 31;57(6):627-633. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The study of coprolites has been a theme of archaeology in the American Southwest. A feature of archaeoparasitology on the Colorado Plateau is the ubiquity of pinworm infection. As a crowd parasite, this ubiquity signals varying concentrations of populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.6.627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960258PMC
December 2019

Confusing a Pollen Grain with a Parasite Egg: an Appraisal of "Paleoparasitological Evidence of Pinworm (Enterobius Vermicularis) Infection in a Female Adolescent Residing in Ancient Tehran".

Korean J Parasitol 2019 Dec 31;57(6):621-625. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

School of Natural Resource Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA.

There is often the risk of confusing pollen grains with helminth eggs from archaeological sites. Thousands to millions of pollen grains can be recovered from archaeological burial sediments that represent past ritual, medication and environment. Some pollen grain types can be similar to parasite eggs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.6.621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960252PMC
December 2019

Comparison of Helminth Infection among the Native Populations of the Arctic and Subarctic Areas in Western Siberia Throughout History: Parasitological Researches on Contemporary and the Archaeological Resources.

Korean J Parasitol 2019 Dec 31;57(6):607-612. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Laboratory of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Institute of Forensic Science/Department of Anatomy, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea.

The aim of this parasitological study is examining contemporary (the late 20th century) specimens of the arctic or subarctic areas in Western Siberia and comparing them with the information acquired from archaeological samples from the same area. In the contemporary specimens, we observed the parasite eggs of 3 different species: Opisthochis felineus, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Enterobius vermicularis. Meanwhile, in archaeoparasitological results of Vesakoyakha, Kikki-Akki, and Nyamboyto I burial grounds, the eggs of Diphyllobothrium and Taenia spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.6.607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960254PMC
December 2019

Prevalence and associated risk factors of human intestinal parasitic infections: a population-based study in the southeast of Kerman province, southeastern Iran.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jan 6;20(1):12. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Health Affairs, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran.

Background: Determination of the prevalence and distribution pattern of intestinal parasites is a fundamental step to set up an effective control program to improve the health status. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among inhabitants of Rudbar-e Jonub county, southeast of Kerman province, southeastern Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 861 stool specimens were collected from inhabitants of Rudbar-e Jonub county through a multistage cluster sampling method in 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-4730-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945597PMC
January 2020

Pinworms of the red howler monkey () in Colombia: Gathering the pieces of the pinworm-primate puzzle.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Apr 4;11:17-28. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A. P. 70-153, C.P. 04510, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Pinworms of primates are believed to be highly host specific parasites, forming co-evolutionary associations with their hosts. In order to assess the strength and reach of such evolutionary links, we need to have a broad understanding of the pinworm diversity associated with primates. Here, we employed an integrative taxonomic approach to assess pinworm diversity in red howler monkeys in Colombia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920256PMC

Risk factors for intestinal parasitoses among children and youth of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

One Health 2020 Jun 28;9:100116. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP-asociado a CICPBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Intestinal parasitoses affect millions of people worldwide, especially children of developing countries. In Argentina, the prevalence of these infections varies among areas according to socio-economic and climatic variability. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitoses and risk factors in child and youth populations from neighbourhoods of La Plata (Buenos Aires province, Argentina) affected by occasional floods, including a serious flood in 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.onehlt.2019.100116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6909185PMC

Preschool Girl With Vaginal Bleeding Due to Pinworm Endometritis.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2020 Apr 20;33(2):170-172. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Finis Terrae University, Santiago, Chile.

Genital tract bleeding in prepubertal girls is a rare clinical condition, which can occur for multiple reasons. It frequently generates anxiety in the family and in health care professionals. A thorough anamnesis and careful genital inspection can give important diagnostic hints; however, there are cases in which the cause remains doubtful and a complete gynecological evaluation (including cultures and vaginoscopy) is necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2019.12.004DOI Listing

in a Tubulovillous Adenoma.

Int J Surg Pathol 2019 Dec 22:1066896919888586. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Royal Oldham Hospital, Oldham, Manchester, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896919888586DOI Listing
December 2019

Parasites in Horses Kept in A 2.5 Year-Round Grazing System in Nordic Conditions without Supplementary Feeding.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Dec 17;9(12). Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.

Horse grazing can be favorable from a biological diversity perspective. This study documented the occurrence of endo- and ectoparasites and sought to reduce parasite egg excretion with the anthelmintic drug pyrantel in 12 Gotlandsruss stallions maintained in a year-round grazing system for 2.5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9121156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940839PMC
December 2019

Papular eruption on UV-exposed skin in a 7-year-old boy caused by Enterobius vermicularis infection.

Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2019 Dec;28(4):179-181

Department of Dermatovenereology, Maribor University Medical Center, Maribor, Slovenia.

Enterobiasis is the most common parasite infestation in children; it is often asymptomatic and may rarely be a cause of skin eruption. We present the case of a 7-year-old boy with sudden onset of pruritic erythemato-squamous confluent papules and plaques on UV-exposed skin, caused by proven enterobiasis. To our understanding, this is the first case of photodermatosis-like dermatitis caused by enterobiasis reported in the literature. Read More

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December 2019

Intensity of infection with intracellular Eimeria spp. and pinworms is reduced in hybrid mice compared to parental subspecies.

J Evol Biol 2019 Dec 13. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Department of Molecular Parasitology, Institute for Biology, Humboldt University Berlin (HU), Berlin, Germany.

Genetic diversity in animal immune systems is usually beneficial. In hybrid recombinants, this is less clear, as the immune system could also be impacted by genetic conflicts. In the European house mouse hybrid zone, the long-standing impression that hybrid mice are more highly parasitized and less fit than parentals persists despite the findings of recent studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13578DOI Listing
December 2019

Parasitic infections and medical expenses according to Health Insurance Review Assessment claims data in South Korea, 2011-2018.

PLoS One 2019 26;14(11):e0225508. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Environmental Medical Biology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Arthropods of Medical Importance Resource Bank, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Introduction: In South Korea, Health Insurance Review and Assessment claims data contain comprehensive information on healthcare services for almost the entire population. The present study used claims data on parasitic diseases from 2011 to 2018, and associated medical expenses to investigate infection trends associated with endemic parasitic diseases in South Korea, including those not monitored by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Methods: Basic data regarding each parasitic disease were curated from the Healthcare Bigdata Hub (http://opendata. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0225508PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6879140PMC

The occurrence of sp., and eggs of soil-transmitted helminths in market vegetables in the north of Iran.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2019 ;12(4):364-369

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the presence of oocyst of sp., and egg of soil-transmitted helminths in market vegetables in the north of Iran.

Background: Fecal-oral transmission via consumption of contaminated food is the main route of transmission of intestinal parasites. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820843PMC
January 2019

First Report of Co-invasion by the Reptile Nematode Ozolaimus megatyphlon (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) with Invasive Green Iguanas (Iguana iguana) in the Asia-Pacific.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 20;65(1):264-270. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Department of Conservation, Research and Veterinary Services, Wildlife Reserves Singapore, 80 Mandai Lake Road, Singapore, 729826, Republic of Singapore.

Purpose: Co-invasion of naïve ecosystems by non-native parasites is a serious threat to global biodiversity, though such events are difficult to detect early in the invasion process. Green iguanas (Iguana iguana) are an emerging invasive species and have colonised several countries in the Asia-Pacific. A survey was undertaken to determine whether parasites of the green iguana had co-invaded naïve ecosystems with their introduced host. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-019-00144-7DOI Listing

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in southwest of Iran: A four-year retrospective study.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2019 Nov 12. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Student Research Committee, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

Background: The current study was aimed to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in persons who were referred to selected hospitals of Abadan and Khorramshahr cities, in southwest of Iran.

Materials And Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 43200 and 28821 stool specimens were gathered from Abadan and Khorramshahr cities, respectively, during four consecutive years (2014-2017).

Results: A decreasing trend was seen in the prevalence rate of IPIs in Abadan and Khorramshahr cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871526519666191113105043DOI Listing
November 2019

[Prevalence and influencing factors of intestinal parasitic diseases among rural children in Henan Province].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Oct;31(5):491-497

Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou 450016, China.

Objective: To understand the epidemic status and influencing factors of intestinal parasitic diseases among rural children in Henan Province.

Methods: According to the , the survey counties were selected based on the ecological zones and economic levels in Henan Province between 2014 and 2015. Then, the included counties were stratified according to the topography and economic levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019053DOI Listing
October 2019

Communication and management of incidental pathology in 1,214 consecutive appendicectomies; a cohort study.

Int J Surg 2019 Dec 2;72:185-191. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

Dept of Surgery, Royal Adelaide, Hospital, Adelaide, Australia; Dept of Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Important incidental pathology requiring further action is commonly found during appendicectomy, macro- and microscopically. We aimed to determine whether the acute surgical unit (ASU) model improved the management and disclosure of these findings.

Methods: An ASU model was introduced at our institution on 01/08/2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2019.10.025DOI Listing
December 2019
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Multiple Parasitic Infestation in a Nine-month-old Patient: A Case Report.

Helminthologia 2019 Mar 6;56(1):53-56. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Desio Hospital, via Mazzini 1, Desio (MB), Italy.

We are reporting the case of a nine-month-old Pakistani female with complaint of growth retardation who presented multiple intestinal parasitic infections. Probably because of contamination with fecal matter, the initial microscopic examination of the urinary sample revealed the presence of eggs of , cysts of , and an organism similar to mites. Stool samples were obtained after two weeks and microscopic investigation confirmed the presence of eggs, cysts of , and hookworm eggs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/helm-2018-0039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6662029PMC

The Incidence of Pinworm () in Pre-school and School Aged Children in the Eastern Slovakia.

Helminthologia 2018 Dec 27;55(4):275-280. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

St Elisabeth University of Health Care and Social Work, Námestie 1. mája, 080 00 Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

Helminth infections caused by have a cosmopolitan character and most often affect the paediatric pre-school and school age population. The presented study was conducted to determine the prevalence of in the analyzed population of children in the Eastern Slovakia. The Graham's scotch tape method was used to investigate the presence of eggs in 390 specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/helm-2018-0030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6662009PMC
December 2018

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Hawassa University students' clinic, Southern Ethiopia: a 10-year retrospective study.

BMC Res Notes 2019 Oct 28;12(1):702. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Department of Medical Laboratory, Hawassa University College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among patients who had attended Hawassa University students' clinic, Southern Ethiopia.

Result: Over the 10 years period, a total of 13,679 patients visiting Hawassa University students' clinic were included in the study. A total of 6553 (47. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4747-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6816157PMC
October 2019
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