2,324 results match your criteria Pinworm


Parasitic Appendicitis in 14.797 Cases: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2021 06;45(2):113-116

University of Health Sciences Turkey, Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Pathology, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Objective: This study aimed to determine the frequency of in appendectomy specimens and evaluate the histopathological characteristics of adult and pediatric cases with infection.

Methods: Appendectomies examined from 1 January 2010, to 1 December 2020, were analysed retrospectively. Cases were divided into two groups: under 18 years (children) and 18 and over (adults). Read More

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Changes in Light Energy Utilization in Photosystem II and Reactive Oxygen Species Generation in Potato Leaves by the Pinworm .

Molecules 2021 May 18;26(10). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Botany, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

We evaluated photosystem II (PSII) functionality in potato plants ( L.) before and after a 15 min feeding by the leaf miner using chlorophyll fluorescence imaging analysis combined with reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection. Fifteen minutes after feeding, we observed at the feeding zone and at the whole leaf a decrease in the effective quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry (Φ). Read More

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Pinworm infection in school children of four districts of Malakand region, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Braz J Biol 2021 21;82:e238769. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Zoology, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan.

Illnesses caused by human pinworm remains a pediatric health problem in developing nations including Pakistan. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in school children of four districts in Malakand region, Pakistan. Four hundred faecal specimens were screened from May 2014 to July 2017 using normal saline and Lugol Iodine solution. Read More

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Gastro-intestinal parasites in two subspecies of toque macaque (Macaca sinica) in Sri Lanka and their zoonotic potential.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2021 Apr 18;24:100558. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Electronic address:

Gastro-intestinal (GI) parasites of primates have a greater potential of becoming zoonotic. This potential may vary in different primates based on multiple factors such as proximity to human settlements and the climate of their habitat. We examined the GI parasites in two subspecies of toque macaque: Macaca sinica sinica (confined to the dry zone) and Macaca sinica aurifrons (confined to the wet zone) of Sri Lanka. Read More

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Enterobius vermicularis infection associated with positive faecal occult blood testing and eosinophilia.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jun;6(6):510

Department of Gastroenterology, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. Electronic address:

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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intestinal Helminthiasis in Remote Mountainous Villages of Northern Lao PDR: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):131-138. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 03080, Korea.

Helminth infections are prevalent in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). This study aimed at determining the prevalence and risk factors of intestinal helminthiasis in remote mountainous villages of northern Lao PDR. During the dry season in January 2017, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 3 remote mountainous villages in Oudomxay province, Lao PDR. Read More

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Schistosoma mansoni and soil transmtted helminths in olive baboons and potential zoonosis.

Vet Med Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Conservation Biology, Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi, Kenya.

Zoonotic pathogens are among the most important causes of ill health all over the world. The presence of these pathogens in free ranging baboons may have significant implications for humans. In Kenya, the encroachment of wildlife habitats has led to increased interaction between humans and wildlife especially non-human primates. Read More

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Intestinal parasites among intellectually disabled individuals in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Gut Pathog 2021 May 1;13(1):28. Epub 2021 May 1.

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Poor self-care skills and personal hygiene resulted from limitations in learning and understanding, put intellectually disabled individuals at greater risk for intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs). Despite several regional reports in Iran, the overall burden on IPIs among intellectually disabled individuals is poorly understood. Hence, the present study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of IPIs among intellectually disabled individuals in Iran. Read More

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Evaluation of the Allplex™ GI-Helminth(I) Assay, the first marketed multiplex PCR for helminth diagnosis.

Parasite 2021 2;28:33. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Université de Rennes, CHU Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de Recherche en Santé Environnement Travail), UMRS 1085, 35000 Rennes, France.

Molecular biology has been gaining more importance in parasitology. Recently, a commercial multiplex PCR assay detecting helminths was marketed: the Allplex™ GI-Helminth(I) Assay. It targets Ancylostoma spp. Read More

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Unusual infectious agents detected in appendectomy specimens: A retrospective analysis of 42 cases.

Turk J Surg 2020 Sep 28;36(3):291-296. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Inonu University Faculty Of Medicine, Patholgoy, Malatya, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological features of 42 patients with unusual infectious agents detected in their appendectomy specimens.

Material And Methods: Between January 1999 and November 2018, 2.754 patients underwent emergency or incidental appendectomy in our clinic, and their pathology reports were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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September 2020

Diversity of parasites in two captive chimpanzee populations in southern Gabon.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Jul 16;91:104807. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, UMR 7205 CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHE, 55, rue Buffon, 75231 Paris, Cedex 05, France. Electronic address:

Captive chimpanzees living in confined environments like sanctuaries or primatology centers are frequently affected by gastrointestinal parasites. Some of these are likely to be transmitted to humans and may seriously affect public health. However little information is currently available on the gastrointestinal parasites of primates living in such environments. Read More

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Early Detection of Trichinella spiralis DNA in Rat Feces Based on Tracing Phosphate Ions Generated During Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.

J Parasitol 2021 03;107(2):141-146

Department of Immunity and Biochemistry, Institute of Parasitic Disease, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, 310053, China.

Early diagnosis of trichinellosis is still difficult because of the lack of specific symptoms and limited window for serological detection. Here we established an assay based on tracing phosphate ions generated during loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to detect Trichinella spiralis DNA in rat feces during its early stage of infection. By targeting a 1. Read More

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Intestinal helminths as predictors of some malaria clinical outcomes and IL-1β levels in outpatients attending two public hospitals in Bamenda, North West Cameroon.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Mar 2;15(3):e0009174. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Biology, Higher Teachers Training College, University of Bamenda, Bambili, North West Region, Cameroon.

This study aimed at determining the impact of intestinal helminths on malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and pyrexia considering the levels of IL-1β among outpatients in Bamenda. A cohort of 358 consented participants aged three (3) years and above, both males and females on malaria consultation were recruited in the study. At enrolment, patients' axillary body temperatures were measured and recorded. Read More

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Anti-Tumor Efficacy of Pyrvinium Pamoate Nanoliposomes in an Experimental Model of Melanoma.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad. Iran.

Background: Pyrvinium pamoate (PP) is an old drug approved by the FDA for the treatment of pinworm infections. Recently, PP has been introduced as an antitumor agent. However, low aqueous solubility severely limits its potential effects. Read More

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February 2021

Water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions and prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among primary school children in Dessie City, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(2):e0245463. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: Intestinal parasitosis is a major public health problem that affects the health of primary school children in low- and middle-income countries where water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions are deficient. Since there is a paucity of information on the prevalence and associated factors of this problem among primary school children in Dessie City in Ethiopia, this study was designed to address these gaps.

Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 407 stratified-sampled primary school children in five primary schools at Dessie City from April to June 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Helminth infections in the United States military: from strongyloidiasis to schistosomiasis.

J Travel Med 2021 Jan 22. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Helminth infections, caused by parasitic worms including nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms), and trematodes (flukes), can cause chronic symptoms and serious clinical outcomes if left untreated. The U.S. Read More

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January 2021

Small bowel intussusception and infestation in a 20-year-old woman.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 19;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

A 20-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and MRI findings of intussusception of the distal small bowel with no identifiable lead point and no visualisation of the appendix. A diagnostic laparoscopy succeeded in manually reducing the intussusception but was unable to find any candidate lead point. Intraoperatively, hyperperistalsis was observed throughout the small bowel which seemed prone to transient intussusception. Read More

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January 2021

High prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infection in Guangxi, Southern China.

Trop Med Health 2021 Jan 19;49(1). Epub 2021 Jan 19.

University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, JCP 4642, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.

Background: Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), such as hookworm, roundworm and whipworm, and food-borne trematodiases, including Clonorchis sinensis, remain a public health problem worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions.

Objective: We aimed to determine the current prevalence of these parasites in Guangxi, China, which is located in a subtropical region.

Methods: A cross-sectional study and a 4-year longitudinal surveillance study were carried out. Read More

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January 2021

Biological performance and oviposition preference of tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta when offered a range of Solanaceous host plants.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 13;11(1):1153. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-900, Brazil.

The tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechuidae) is native to South America and has now become the main tomato pest in Europe, Africa and Asia. The wide range of host plants attacked by this pest has been reported as one of the main reasons for the success of this important insect species. However, the information currently available on the biological performance of T. Read More

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January 2021

Perforation of the Small Intestine with Acute Peritonitis Caused by .

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2020 Dec;62(4):875-879

MBAL Uni Hospital, Panagyurishte, Bulgaria.

Perianal and perineal pruritus is often associated with Enterobius vermicularis in children. Although this roundworm is common in pediatric practice, most doctors are unaware that it can cause appendicular colic with/or appendicitis, severe urogenital complications, bowel perforation, and peritonitis. We report a case of a young male who presented with signs and symptoms of acute peritonitis. Read More

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December 2020

Intestinal parasites in child and youth populations of Argentina: Environmental factors determining geographic distribution.

Rev Argent Microbiol 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP-asociado a CICPBA), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The transmission of intestinal parasites is generally considered to be "mediated by the environment" which suggests that they are particularly sensitive to the changes that occur in it. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the environmental variables that act as risk factors for intestinal parasitosis in children and youths in Argentina. The association between environmental variables related to temperature, precipitation and soil and parasitosis found in children and youths from different provinces was evaluated, including land use/cover classes obtained from satellite images. Read More

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January 2021

Cluster of Parasite Infections by the Spatial Scan Analysis in Korea.

Korean J Parasitol 2020 Dec 29;58(6):603-608. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Biomedicine Health Science, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

This study was performed to find out the clusters with high parasite infection risk to discuss the geographical pattern. Clusters were detected using SatScan software, which is a statistical spatial scan program using Kulldorff's scan statistic. Information on the parasitic infection cases in Korea 2011-2019 were collected from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read More

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December 2020

A new species of Wellcomia (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) in the plains viscacha (Rodentia: Chinchillidae) from Argentina, an emended diagnosis and an update of the genus Wellcomia.

Parasitol Res 2021 Mar 6;120(3):929-940. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores CEPAVE (CCT La Plata CONICET-UNLP), 120 entre 60 y 64 S/N, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Wellcomia species (Oxyuridae, Syphaciinae) parasitise several families of rodents from Africa, Asia and America with diverse ecological characteristics. A new species of Wellcomia is described based on specimens obtained from the plains viscacha Lagostomus maximus (Chinchillidae) from Argentina. The description includes morphometric and ecological aspects and an emended diagnosis of the genus Wellcomia. Read More

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Intestinal parasites among food handlers in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Food Microbiol 2021 May 4;95:103703. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran. Electronic address:

Regarding preparing and serving foods, food handlers have an influential role in the spreading of foodborne infections. Due to the great potential to cause foodborne infections, intestinal parasites (IPs) are considered a significant public health problem in today's societies. In Iran, despite several regional reports, national data on IPs prevalence in food handlers are lacking. Read More

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Parasitic risk factors in migrant horticultural families from Bolivia settled in the rural area of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

One Health 2020 Dec 13;11:100179. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP- asociado a CICPBA), La Plata, Argentina.

Objective: The aims were to diagnose intestinal parasites in migrant horticultural families in the rural area of La Plata, and assess factors that increase the risk of parasitic infection.

Materials And Methods: Serial stool samples and anal swabs of 350 individuals were processed using sedimentation and flotation techniques. Socio-sanitary and environmental characteristics were surveyed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Read More

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December 2020

DIAGNOSIS OF ENTEROBIUS VERMICULARIS INFESTATIONS.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 12;56(12):1994

Department of Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

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December 2020

Prevalence of Blatticola blattae (Thelastomatidae) in German cockroaches Blattella germanica in Japan.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Feb 14;83(2):174-179. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Laboratory of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan.

A survey for nematode infection in German cockroaches captured in restaurants in various areas of Japan as well as the laboratory-bred colony was carried out. The nematodes were then identified morphologically and molecularly. Of the 320 German cockroaches collected at 79 restaurants in 26 prefectures in Japan, 66. Read More

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February 2021

The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Their Associated Factors among Diabetes Mellitus Patients at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Parasitol Res 2020 20;2020:8855965. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Worldwide, more than one-sixth of the population is infected by intestinal parasites, of which the majority live in developing countries. On the other hand, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been increasing over recent decades in developing countries. Patients with diabetes mellitus encountered impaired immunity and suffer from the consequences of infection particularly intestinal parasitic infection. Read More

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November 2020

Standardization of an LNA-based TaqMan assay qPCR analysis for Aspiculuris tetraptera DNA in mouse faeces.

BMC Microbiol 2020 12 7;20(1):371. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Institute of Gene Research, Yamaguchi University Science Research Center, Yamaguchi, 755-8505, Japan.

Background: Aspiculuris tetraptera, as a parasitic pinworm, is most frequently detected in laboratory mice, and transmission is mediated by the eggs contained in the faeces of infected mice. A highly sensitive and quantitative faeces-based diagnostic tool would be useful for the early detection of A. tetraptera to inhibit the expansion of infection. Read More

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December 2020

Prevalence and Intensity of Intestinal Helminth Infections in Preschool Pupils in Lugari Subcounty, Kakamega County, Kenya.

J Parasitol Res 2020 7;2020:8871042. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 190, Kakamega, Kenya.

Intestinal helminths cause anaemia, malnutrition, indigestion disorders, retarded growth, and low mental abilities in pupils. About 1.5 billion are infected globally. Read More

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November 2020