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    Incidental Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Epidermal Inclusion Cyst: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Dermatol 2018 Jan-Apr;10(1):61-68. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA.
    Epidermal inclusion cysts are common lesions that rarely develop into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Neoplastic change in these cysts can be associated with prominent symptoms such as pain, rapid growth, or ulceration. This study describes the case of a 64-year-old woman with a 4-year history of a largely asymptomatic neck mass, which after routine excision was found to be an epidermal inclusion cyst harboring well-differentiated SCC. Read More

    The feasibility of shear wave elastography for diagnosing superficial benign soft tissue masses.
    Ultrasonography 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Department of Radiology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of shear wave ultrasound elastography for differentiating superficial benign soft tissue masses through a comparison of their shear moduli.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 48 masses from 46 patients from February 2014 to May 2016. Surgical excision, fine-needle aspiration, and clinical findings were used for the differential diagnosis. Read More

    [Metastatic Brain Tumor from Lung Adenocarcinoma Presenting a Unique Radiographic Pattern during Afatinib Treatment:A Case Report].
    No Shinkei Geka 2018 Mar;46(3):213-217
    Department of Neurosurgery, Saiseikai Suita Hospital.
    Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors(EGFR-TKIs)are used as first-line treatment for patients with EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). Afatinib, a second-generation EGFR-TKI, is also effective against central nervous system(CNS)metastasis of NSCLC. However, patients treated with EGFR-TKI for many months may be at an increased risk of CNS metastasis due to the development of resistance in tumor cells to EGFR-TKI. Read More

    Congenital Epidermal Inclusion Cyst On the Breast: A Case Series of a Rare Entity.
    Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):54-56
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Pt. BD Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    Epidermal inclusion cysts (EICs) are the most common cutaneous cysts, occurring anywhere in the body but infrequently on the breast. It is usually seen in the third and fourth decades of life and very rarely seen in children. They can be either congenital or posttraumatic. Read More

    Biodynamic excisional skin tension lines for surgical excisions: untangling the science.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 Apr 15;100(4):330-337. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
    University of Queensland, School of Medicine , Brisbane, Queensland , Australia.
    Objective There remains confusion between Langer's lines and wrinkle lines with respect to the optimal orientation of elliptical excisions on the trunk. This study sought to determine the directions of wound closure that would result in least wound tension after skin lesion excisions. Materials and methods Some 1181 consecutive skin lesion excisions were investigated (age range 13-95 years, median 64 years) using a tensiometer to determine directions of least wound tension. Read More

    Testis Sparing Surgery for Benign Testicular Masses: Diagnostics and Therapeutic Approaches.
    J Urol 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Department of Urology, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Department of Medicine III, University Hospital RWTH Aachen (SHL), Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Small benign testicular masses are often misinterpreted as germ cell tumors and immediate inguinal orchiectomy is performed. We analyzed the diagnostic and therapeutic workup of testicular masses to improve preoperative stratification algorithms.

    Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective, single center analysis of the records of 522 patients diagnosed with primary testicular masses of unknown malignant potential. Read More

    Surgical Resection of Pineal Epidermoid Cyst Contributed to Relieving Schizophrenia Symptoms.
    World Neurosurg 2018 May 8;113:304-307. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:
    Background: The pineal gland has been demonstrated to be involved in the development of mood and psychotic disorders. However, few studies have looked at the relationship between pineal region tumors and psychiatric disorders. Intracranial epidermoid cysts usually arise in the cerebellopontine angle area and are extremely rare in the pineal region. Read More

    Lumbar laminotomy and replantation for the treatment of adult spinal epidermoid cyst: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jan;97(1):e9334
    Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.
    Rationale: Adult spinal epidermoid cyst (SEC) is a rare tumor. Lumbar laminectomy and tumor removal was a routine surgical procedure for adult spinal epidermoid cyst according to the literature, but postoperative lumbar instability and intractable low back pain may occur. In this study, we presented a brief report of an adult lumbar epidermoid cyst and introduced another surgical approach. Read More

    Epidermoid Cysts - A Wide Spectrum of Clinical Presentation and Successful Treatment by Surgery: A Retrospective 10-Year Analysis and Literature Review.
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jan 10;6(1):28-30. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    University of Rome G. Marconi, Institute of Dermatology, Rome 00186, Italy.
    Epidermoid cysts are common benign lesions of hair-bearing, and less often glabrous skin. They can also occur in oral mucosa and internal organs. In case of cutaneous lesions, an epidermal punctum is a clinical diagnostic hallmark. Read More

    Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis - A case report.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 15;44:51-53. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Dept. of Plasticsurgery, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign condition which presents with asymptomatic multiple nodules on the scrotal skin.

    Presentation Of Case: Our patient, a 64-year-old Indian male with Fitzpatrick skin type 4, presented with multiple nodules, which were completely surgically excised with no complications. Histological examination reveals extensive intradermal deposition of calcium surrounded by histiocytes and without cystic structure. Read More

    Endoscopic Excision of Benign Facial Masses in Children: A Review of Outcomes.
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 May 15;28(5):617-621. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    2 Division of Pediatric Surgery, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center , Stanford, California.
    Purpose: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. Read More

    [A Case of Pararectal Epidermoid Cyst Removed by Sacral Approach].
    Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017 Nov;44(12):1955-1957
    Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital.
    A 30-year-old woman was admittedto the hospital because of fecal occult bloodpositivity . Endoscopic colonoscopy indicated pressure on the right side of the rectum from the wall. Abdominal contrast CT and pelvic MRI revealed a cystic lesion with a maximum diameter of 5 cm on the pre-coccyx andthe right side of rectum. Read More

    Intracranial squamous cell carcinoma arising in a cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(51):e9423
    Department of Neurosurgery.
    Rationale: Most of the intracranial epidermoid cysts are benign, but malignant lesions are occasionally reported. These lesions appear as squamous cell carcinoma and carry a dismal prognosis. Here, we report a case of a primary intracranial squamous cell carcinoma arising in a cerebellopontine epidermoid cyst. Read More

    Dermatologic Lesions Submitted to an Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Biopsy Service: An Analysis of 2487 Cases.
    Head Neck Pathol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, University of Florida College of Dentistry, 1395 Center Drive, Room D8-6, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
    Skin lesions are often submitted to oral and maxillofacial pathology practices. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency, distribution, variability, and composition of dermatologic lesions within a large oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service. An IRB-approved retrospective search of skin lesions diagnosed at University of Florida oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service between 1994 and 2015 was performed. Read More

    Efficiency of Imaging Modalities in Male Breast Disease: Can Ultrasound Give Additional Information for Assessment of Gynecomastia Evolution?
    Eur J Breast Health 2018 Jan 1;14(1):29-34. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    Department of Radiology, Taksim Gaziosmanpaşa Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: The purpose of this study is to present mammography and ultrasound findings of male breast lesions and to investigate the ability of diagnostic modalities in estimating the evolution of gynecomastia.

    Materials And Methods: Sixty-nine male patients who admitted to Taksim and Bakirkoy Education and Research Hospitals and underwent mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) imaging were retrospectively evaluated. Duration of symptoms and mammographic types of gynecomastia according to Appelbaum's classifications were evaluated, besides the sonographic findings in mammographic types of gynecomastia. Read More

    Intratarsal keratinous eyelid cysts in Gorlin syndrome: A review and reappraisal.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
    A 38-year-old woman presented with multiple bilateral recurrent eyelid cysts. Her medical history was notable for Gorlin (nevoid basal cell carcinoma) syndrome. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examinations revealed that the lesions were intratarsal keratinous cysts. Read More

    Cytomorphological spectrum of epididymal nodules: An institution's experience.
    Cytojournal 2017 12;14:26. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Address: Department of Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Epididymal lesions are uncommon in clinical practice. Few case series has been described in the literature documenting the role of cytology in the evaluation of epididymal nodules. This study was undertaken to analyze the cytomorphology of epididymal nodules and to evaluate role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in early definitive diagnosis of epididymal nodules. Read More

    A Rare Presentation of a Giant Epidermoid Inclusion Cyst Mimicking Malignancy.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Mar - Apr;57(2):421-426. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Director, Podiatric Surgery Residency Program, Beaumont Hospital Wayne, Wayne, MI.
    Epidermoid inclusion cysts, infundibular cysts, and retention cysts are dense, well-encapsulated benign soft tissue lesions that develop after a portion of the epidermis has become implanted in the dermis on a follicular surface such as the scalp, face, or trunk. However, on acral surfaces such as the palms and soles, these cysts present <10% of the time. Typically, these lesions will not progress to sizes >5 cm. Read More

    Repeated recurrent epidermoid cyst with atypical hyperplasia: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8950
    aDepartment of Orthopedics Oncology, Changzheng HospitalbDepartment of Pathology, Changhai HospitalcNursing School, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
    Rationale: Epidermoid cysts are slow-growing, benign tumor which account for less than 1% of all intraspinal tumors and epidermoid cyst with Atypical Hyperplasia is very rare. Surgical resection is the standard treatment of the tumor, but recurrence is not uncommon after incomplete resection. Inappropriate treatment can lead to repeated recurrent. Read More

    Excision of sebaceous cyst by intraoral approach: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8803
    Department of Plastic Surgery, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Surgical removal of a sebaceous cyst is usually accomplished through an external incision, which inevitably results in a scar. Herein, we described an intraoral approach for excising sebaceous cysts located in the lip or cheek near lip commissure, to avoid a skin scar.

    Patient Concerns: Removal of the cyst but without leaving a scar on the face. Read More

    Glomus Tumor of the Scrotum: A Case Report and Mini-Review.
    Curr Urol 2017 Nov 22;10(4):213-216. Epub 2017 Oct 22.
    Urology, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Glomus tumor in the genital area is extremely rare, with an extensive search in the medical literature revealing only 1 case arising in the scrotum. They can be easily mistaken, both clinically and radiologically, for skin neoplasms or primary testicular tumors involving the scrotum. This report presents a case of a 54-year-old man who presented with a painful right scrotal swelling. Read More

    [Epidermoid cyst in the sella turcica: about a case].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 15;28:39. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabétologie et Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Arrazi, CHU Mohammed VI, Laboratoire de Recherche de Pneumo-Cardio-Immunopathologie et Métabolisme (PCIM), Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Marrakech, Université Cadi Ayad, Marrakech, Maroc.
    Epidermoid cyst (EC) or cholesteatoma is a benign tumor, often of congenital origin, occurring in the sub-arachnoidian spaces. Its treatment is based on surgery. We report the case of a 38 year-old patient presenting with progressive intracranial hypertension syndrome associated with anterior pituitary insufficiency signs of the corticotropic, thyrotropic, gonadotropic axis occurring 1 year before. Read More

    Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp Early Diagnosed by Color Doppler Ultrasound.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Oct-Dec;9(4):147-148
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University, Santiago, Chile.
    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DC) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the scalp that ultimately leads to scarring alopecia. A healthy 19-year-old male presented with a solitary, soft, alopecic nodule that had appeared 1 year before. A color Doppler ultrasound examination showed a hypodermal anechoic fluid collection in the left parietotemporal region of the scalp, connected to the base of widened hair follicles, and presented inner echoes suggestive of debris, as well as several fragments of hair tracts. Read More

    Compressive Ulnar Neuropathy Caused by Olecranon Bursitis and Concomitant Epidermal Cyst: A Case Report.
    J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2017 Dec;22(4):503-507
    † Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.
    Epidermal cyst is a dermal or subcutaneous epithelial cyst that contains keratin and is lined by true epidermis. Although extremely rare, it can cause pathology including nerve compression syndrome. We report a rare case of ulnar nerve compression in the elbow that was caused by olecranon bursitis and concomitant epidermal cyst in a 67-year-old man. Read More

    Roles of BCCIP deficiency in mammary tumorigenesis.
    Breast Cancer Res 2017 Oct 18;19(1):115. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 195 Little Albany Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.
    Background: Dysregulated DNA repair and cell proliferation controls are essential driving forces in mammary tumorigenesis. BCCIP was originally identified as a BRCA2 and CDKN1A interacting protein that has been implicated in maintenance of genomic stability, cell cycle regulation, and microtubule dynamics. The aims of this study were to determine whether BCCIP deficiency contributes to mammary tumorigenesis, especially for a subset of breast cancers with 53BP1 abnormality, and to reveal the mechanistic implications of BCCIP in breast cancer interventions. Read More

    Mycobacterium longobardum Infection in the Hand.
    J Hand Surg Am 2018 May 12;43(5):491.e1-491.e4. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Miami Hospital, Miami, FL.
    Mycobacterium longobardum is a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium that was first characterized in 2012. We report a case of M. longobardum infection in the right middle finger of a diabetic man. Read More

    Diagnosing testicular lumps in primary care.
    Practitioner 2017 04;261(1803):13-7
    Although the incidence of testicular cancer has increased over the past few decades, testicular tumours are still rare and many GPs will only see one or two new diagnoses in their career. In one UK study, out of 845 patients who had been referred with testicular lumps or pain, only 33 (4%) were diagnosed with testicular cancer. Epididymal cysts, or spermatoceles when containing sperm, were the most common finding, and were found in 228 patients (27%). Read More

    Human papillomavirus type 6/11 identified in an epidermoid cyst of the scrotum.
    J Dermatol 2018 Feb 6;45(2):224-227. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Department of Dermatology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    To date, epidermoid cysts associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been described mainly in palmoplantar locations, and have involved HPV types 60 and 57. In contrast, HPV-6/11 is a major cause of condyloma acuminatum. Here, we report the case of a healthy 31-year-old man who presented to our clinic with a 1-month history of a 1-cm, reddish-brown, cystic scrotal tumor with a punctum. Read More

    A Pediatric Patient With an Orbital Respiratory Epithelial Cyst.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):2098-2100
    *Department of Otolaryngology-Facial Plastic Surgery, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA †New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY ‡Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine §Department of Plastic Surgery, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA.
    Respiratory epithelial cysts are rare orbital cysts that can arise secondary to choristomatous rests of respiratory epithelium. Approximately 15 congenital cases have been described in the literature, making it a rare disease entity. We present a case of a 14-month-old Middle Eastern male with a right infraorbital respiratory epithelial cyst. Read More

    Nontraumatic Intradiploic Epidermoid Cyst and Older Age: Association or Causality?
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar;29(2):e143-e146
    Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital Neurosurgery Clinic, Erzurum, Turkey.
    Background: Intradiploic epidermoid cysts (IEC) are rare, benign lesions derived from ectodermal remnants during neural tube closure. Their origin is still debated or unknown.

    Objective: Analyzing of the patients with intradiploic epidermoid cysts operated in the authors' department. Read More

    Follicular Hybrid Cyst with Rare Juxtaposition of Epidermal Cyst and Steatocystoma.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jul-Sep;9(3):119-121
    Department of Pathology, Sonoscan Healthcare, Malda, West Bengal, India.
    Any cutaneous cyst differentiating toward two or more pilosebaceous components is known as follicular hybrid cyst (FHC). A combination of epidermal and trichilemmal cyst is its most frequent example. Other combinations of pilosebaceous derivatives occur uncommonly as well. Read More

    Epidermal Cysts: A Clinicopathological Analysis with Emphasis on Unusual Findings.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jul-Sep;9(3):108-112
    Department of Pathology, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
    Background: Epidermoid cysts, one of the common benign intradermal or subcutaneous tumors commonly result from the trauma to the pilosebaceous unit in the hair bearing area. In areas without hair, these cysts are considered implantation and proliferation of squamous epithelium into the dermis due to injury.

    Aims: The aim is to evaluate the clinicopathological details with emphasis on unusual findings related to epidermoid cysts. Read More

    Markers of proliferation and cytokeratins in the differential diagnosis of jaw cysts.
    Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Sep;96(9):376-383
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Department of Pathology, Bulevar Zorana Djindjića 81, 18000 Niš, Serbia.
    We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the histologic and immunohistochemical findings in three main types of odontogenic cyst. We studied 90 archived cystic jaw lesions: 30 dentigerous cysts, 30 keratocystic odontogenic tumors, and 30 radicular cysts. The cyst types were identified on the basis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic findings. Read More

    [Superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysm: 2 cases].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2018 Apr 14;145(4):257-260. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, boulevard de Belfort, 59000 Lille, France; Université catholique de Lille, 60, boulevard Vauban, 59800 Lille, France.
    Background: Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial temporal artery causes tumefaction in the temporal region. Herein, we report two cases.

    Patients And Methods: Case 1 : a 32-year-old man presented with a slightly pulsatile nodular formation measuring 2 cm in the right temporal region that had appeared nine months after traumatic injury. Read More

    [The extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach in surgery for epidermoid cysts of the chiasmatic region].
    Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2017;81(4):70-77
    Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute, Moscow, Russia.
    Surgical treatment for epidermoid cysts of the chiasmatic region is a challenge because of the tendency to a massive spread of epidermoid masses through the cerebrospinal fluid pathways and a significant lesion deviation from the midline.

    Purpose: To analyze capabilities of the extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach in surgery for epidermoid cysts.

    Material And Methods: The study included 6 patients with epidermoid cysts of the chiasmatic region who were operated on using the extended anterior endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach at the Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute in the past 5 years. Read More

    Trichilemmal Carcinoma from Proliferating Trichilemmal Cyst on the Posterior Neck.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Mar 25;18(1):50-53. Epub 2017 Mar 25.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
    Trichilemmal cysts are common fluid-filled growths that arise from the isthmus of the hair follicle. They can form rapidly multiplying trichilemmal tumors-, also called proliferating trichilemmal cysts, which are typically benign. Rarely, proliferating trichilemmal cysts can become cancerous. Read More

    Rare Giant Upper Lip Epidermal Cyst in a Patient Wearing a Denture.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23;17(4):222-224. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
    Epidermal cysts are intradermal or subcutaneous cystic tumors that frequently occur in the face, scalp, neck, and body trunk. Acquired cases of epidermal cyst commonly occur as a result of various surgical operations, chronic irritation, or trauma, all of which may trigger the occurrence of the invagination of squamous epithelium. A 57-year-old man presented with a palpable mass 7 cm×2 cm in size in the upper lip. Read More

    Giant Plantar Epidermoid Cyst with Invasion of the Interosseous Muscles.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2017 Jul;107(4):329-332
    Epidermoid cysts of the sole of the foot are rare lesions that must be differentiated from other, more common subcutaneous pathologic abnormalities located on the sole. Cases of epidermoid cysts that extend to the interosseous musculature are rarer still. We report the case of a giant epidermal cyst in a 64-year-old individual that extended to the intrinsic musculature of the third space of the right foot and that was diagnosed after fine-needle aspiration biopsy and subsequent cytologic study. Read More

    Co-occurrence of steatocystoma multiplex, eruptive vellus hair cysts, and trichofolliculomas.
    Cutis 2017 Jul;100(1):E23-E26
    Department of Dermatology and the Department of Laboratory Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
    An association between steatocystoma multiplex (SCM) and eruptive vellus hair cysts (EVHCs) has been recognized. Steatocystoma multiplex and EVHC have similar clinical features but distinctive histologic features. Rare cases of co-occurrence of these conditions have been known to occur on the trunk and the forehead. Read More

    Thoracic Intradural-Extramedullary Epidermoid Tumor: The Relevance for Resection of Classic Subarachnoid Space Microsurgical Anatomy in Modern Spinal Surgery. Technical Note and Review of the Literature.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 24;108:54-61. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Intradural epidermoid tumors of the spinal cord are commonly associated with spinal cord dysraphism or invasive procedures. We report the particular relationships between spinal subarachnoid compartments and thoracic intradural-extramedullary epidermoid tumor, highlighting the relevant anatomic changes that may influence microsurgery.

    Methods: A 40-year-old woman from compressive myelopathy owing to a thoracic epidermoid tumor extending from T3 to T4 and not associated with spina bifida, trauma, previous surgery, or lumbar spinal puncture underwent microsurgical excision. Read More

    Mastoid Epidermoid Tumor and Associated Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Venous Sinus Occlusion.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 19;108:988.e15-988.e20. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is an abnormal vascular connection between arterial and venous channels within dura mater. Although DAVFs have been linked to other types of intracranial tumors, this is the first case reporting the association between DAVF and an epidermoid tumor.

    Case Description: A middle-aged patient with chronic headache presented with Borden type II DAVF draining into the right transverse sigmoid junction and was also found to have an epidermoid tumor over the right mastoid. Read More

    Massive epidermal vulval cyst: an unusual late complication of female genital mutilation.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Aug 16;2017. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, Halifax, West Yorkshire, UK.
    Vulval epidermal cysts are rare and infrequently described in literature. They present a difficult diagnostic dilemma and surgical challenges. They most commonly occur as a late complication of female genital mutilation (FGM) and manifest as a primary condition. Read More

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