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    Lumbar laminotomy and replantation for the treatment of adult spinal epidermoid cyst: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jan;97(1):e9334
    Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.
    Rationale: Adult spinal epidermoid cyst (SEC) is a rare tumor. Lumbar laminectomy and tumor removal was a routine surgical procedure for adult spinal epidermoid cyst according to the literature, but postoperative lumbar instability and intractable low back pain may occur. In this study, we presented a brief report of an adult lumbar epidermoid cyst and introduced another surgical approach. Read More

    Epidermoid Cysts - A Wide Spectrum of Clinical Presentation and Successful Treatment by Surgery: A Retrospective 10-Year Analysis and Literature Review.
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jan 10;6(1):28-30. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    University of Rome G. Marconi, Institute of Dermatology, Rome 00186, Italy.
    Epidermoid cysts are common benign lesions of hair-bearing, and less often glabrous skin. They can also occur in oral mucosa and internal organs. In case of cutaneous lesions, an epidermal punctum is a clinical diagnostic hallmark. Read More

    Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis - A case report.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Feb 15;44:51-53. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Dept. of Plasticsurgery, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign condition which presents with asymptomatic multiple nodules on the scrotal skin.

    Presentation Of Case: Our patient, a 64-year-old Indian male with Fitzpatrick skin type 4, presented with multiple nodules, which were completely surgically excised with no complications. Histological examination reveals extensive intradermal deposition of calcium surrounded by histiocytes and without cystic structure. Read More

    Endoscopic Excision of Benign Facial Masses in Children: A Review of Outcomes.
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    2 Division of Pediatric Surgery, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center , Stanford, California.
    Purpose: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. Read More

    Intracranial squamous cell carcinoma arising in a cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(51):e9423
    Department of Neurosurgery.
    Rationale: Most of the intracranial epidermoid cysts are benign, but malignant lesions are occasionally reported. These lesions appear as squamous cell carcinoma and carry a dismal prognosis. Here, we report a case of a primary intracranial squamous cell carcinoma arising in a cerebellopontine epidermoid cyst. Read More

    Dermatologic Lesions Submitted to an Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Biopsy Service: An Analysis of 2487 Cases.
    Head Neck Pathol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, University of Florida College of Dentistry, 1395 Center Drive, Room D8-6, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
    Skin lesions are often submitted to oral and maxillofacial pathology practices. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency, distribution, variability, and composition of dermatologic lesions within a large oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service. An IRB-approved retrospective search of skin lesions diagnosed at University of Florida oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service between 1994 and 2015 was performed. Read More

    Efficiency of Imaging Modalities in Male Breast Disease: Can Ultrasound Give Additional Information for Assessment of Gynecomastia Evolution?
    Eur J Breast Health 2018 Jan 1;14(1):29-34. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    Department of Radiology, Taksim Gaziosmanpaşa Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: The purpose of this study is to present mammography and ultrasound findings of male breast lesions and to investigate the ability of diagnostic modalities in estimating the evolution of gynecomastia.

    Materials And Methods: Sixty-nine male patients who admitted to Taksim and Bakirkoy Education and Research Hospitals and underwent mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) imaging were retrospectively evaluated. Duration of symptoms and mammographic types of gynecomastia according to Appelbaum's classifications were evaluated, besides the sonographic findings in mammographic types of gynecomastia. Read More

    Intratarsal keratinous eyelid cysts in Gorlin syndrome: A review and reappraisal.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
    A 38-year-old woman presented with multiple bilateral recurrent eyelid cysts. Her medical history was notable for Gorlin (nevoid basal cell carcinoma) syndrome. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examinations revealed that the lesions were intratarsal keratinous cysts. Read More

    Cytomorphological spectrum of epididymal nodules: An institution's experience.
    Cytojournal 2017 12;14:26. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Address: Department of Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Epididymal lesions are uncommon in clinical practice. Few case series has been described in the literature documenting the role of cytology in the evaluation of epididymal nodules. This study was undertaken to analyze the cytomorphology of epididymal nodules and to evaluate role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in early definitive diagnosis of epididymal nodules. Read More

    A Rare Presentation of a Giant Epidermoid Inclusion Cyst Mimicking Malignancy.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Mar - Apr;57(2):421-426. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Director, Podiatric Surgery Residency Program, Beaumont Hospital Wayne, Wayne, MI.
    Epidermoid inclusion cysts, infundibular cysts, and retention cysts are dense, well-encapsulated benign soft tissue lesions that develop after a portion of the epidermis has become implanted in the dermis on a follicular surface such as the scalp, face, or trunk. However, on acral surfaces such as the palms and soles, these cysts present <10% of the time. Typically, these lesions will not progress to sizes >5 cm. Read More

    Repeated recurrent epidermoid cyst with atypical hyperplasia: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8950
    aDepartment of Orthopedics Oncology, Changzheng HospitalbDepartment of Pathology, Changhai HospitalcNursing School, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
    Rationale: Epidermoid cysts are slow-growing, benign tumor which account for less than 1% of all intraspinal tumors and epidermoid cyst with Atypical Hyperplasia is very rare. Surgical resection is the standard treatment of the tumor, but recurrence is not uncommon after incomplete resection. Inappropriate treatment can lead to repeated recurrent. Read More

    Excision of sebaceous cyst by intraoral approach: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8803
    Department of Plastic Surgery, China Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Surgical removal of a sebaceous cyst is usually accomplished through an external incision, which inevitably results in a scar. Herein, we described an intraoral approach for excising sebaceous cysts located in the lip or cheek near lip commissure, to avoid a skin scar.

    Patient Concerns: Removal of the cyst but without leaving a scar on the face. Read More

    Glomus Tumor of the Scrotum: A Case Report and Mini-Review.
    Curr Urol 2017 Nov 22;10(4):213-216. Epub 2017 Oct 22.
    Urology, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Glomus tumor in the genital area is extremely rare, with an extensive search in the medical literature revealing only 1 case arising in the scrotum. They can be easily mistaken, both clinically and radiologically, for skin neoplasms or primary testicular tumors involving the scrotum. This report presents a case of a 54-year-old man who presented with a painful right scrotal swelling. Read More

    [Epidermoid cyst in the sella turcica: about a case].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 15;28:39. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabétologie et Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Arrazi, CHU Mohammed VI, Laboratoire de Recherche de Pneumo-Cardio-Immunopathologie et Métabolisme (PCIM), Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Marrakech, Université Cadi Ayad, Marrakech, Maroc.
    Epidermoid cyst (EC) or cholesteatoma is a benign tumor, often of congenital origin, occurring in the sub-arachnoidian spaces. Its treatment is based on surgery. We report the case of a 38 year-old patient presenting with progressive intracranial hypertension syndrome associated with anterior pituitary insufficiency signs of the corticotropic, thyrotropic, gonadotropic axis occurring 1 year before. Read More

    Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp Early Diagnosed by Color Doppler Ultrasound.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Oct-Dec;9(4):147-148
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University, Santiago, Chile.
    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DC) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the scalp that ultimately leads to scarring alopecia. A healthy 19-year-old male presented with a solitary, soft, alopecic nodule that had appeared 1 year before. A color Doppler ultrasound examination showed a hypodermal anechoic fluid collection in the left parietotemporal region of the scalp, connected to the base of widened hair follicles, and presented inner echoes suggestive of debris, as well as several fragments of hair tracts. Read More

    Compressive Ulnar Neuropathy Caused by Olecranon Bursitis and Concomitant Epidermal Cyst: A Case Report.
    J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2017 Dec;22(4):503-507
    † Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.
    Epidermal cyst is a dermal or subcutaneous epithelial cyst that contains keratin and is lined by true epidermis. Although extremely rare, it can cause pathology including nerve compression syndrome. We report a rare case of ulnar nerve compression in the elbow that was caused by olecranon bursitis and concomitant epidermal cyst in a 67-year-old man. Read More

    Roles of BCCIP deficiency in mammary tumorigenesis.
    Breast Cancer Res 2017 Oct 18;19(1):115. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 195 Little Albany Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.
    Background: Dysregulated DNA repair and cell proliferation controls are essential driving forces in mammary tumorigenesis. BCCIP was originally identified as a BRCA2 and CDKN1A interacting protein that has been implicated in maintenance of genomic stability, cell cycle regulation, and microtubule dynamics. The aims of this study were to determine whether BCCIP deficiency contributes to mammary tumorigenesis, especially for a subset of breast cancers with 53BP1 abnormality, and to reveal the mechanistic implications of BCCIP in breast cancer interventions. Read More

    Mycobacterium longobardum Infection in the Hand.
    J Hand Surg Am 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Miami Hospital, Miami, FL.
    Mycobacterium longobardum is a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium that was first characterized in 2012. We report a case of M. longobardum infection in the right middle finger of a diabetic man. Read More

    Diagnosing testicular lumps in primary care.
    Practitioner 2017 04;261(1803):13-7
    Although the incidence of testicular cancer has increased over the past few decades, testicular tumours are still rare and many GPs will only see one or two new diagnoses in their career. In one UK study, out of 845 patients who had been referred with testicular lumps or pain, only 33 (4%) were diagnosed with testicular cancer. Epididymal cysts, or spermatoceles when containing sperm, were the most common finding, and were found in 228 patients (27%). Read More

    Human papillomavirus type 6/11 identified in an epidermoid cyst of the scrotum.
    J Dermatol 2018 Feb 6;45(2):224-227. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Department of Dermatology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    To date, epidermoid cysts associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been described mainly in palmoplantar locations, and have involved HPV types 60 and 57. In contrast, HPV-6/11 is a major cause of condyloma acuminatum. Here, we report the case of a healthy 31-year-old man who presented to our clinic with a 1-month history of a 1-cm, reddish-brown, cystic scrotal tumor with a punctum. Read More

    Nontraumatic Intradiploic Epidermoid Cyst and Older Age: Association or Causality?
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar;29(2):e143-e146
    Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital Neurosurgery Clinic, Erzurum, Turkey.
    Background: Intradiploic epidermoid cysts (IEC) are rare, benign lesions derived from ectodermal remnants during neural tube closure. Their origin is still debated or unknown.

    Objective: Analyzing of the patients with intradiploic epidermoid cysts operated in the authors' department. Read More

    Follicular Hybrid Cyst with Rare Juxtaposition of Epidermal Cyst and Steatocystoma.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jul-Sep;9(3):119-121
    Department of Pathology, Sonoscan Healthcare, Malda, West Bengal, India.
    Any cutaneous cyst differentiating toward two or more pilosebaceous components is known as follicular hybrid cyst (FHC). A combination of epidermal and trichilemmal cyst is its most frequent example. Other combinations of pilosebaceous derivatives occur uncommonly as well. Read More

    Epidermal Cysts: A Clinicopathological Analysis with Emphasis on Unusual Findings.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jul-Sep;9(3):108-112
    Department of Pathology, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
    Background: Epidermoid cysts, one of the common benign intradermal or subcutaneous tumors commonly result from the trauma to the pilosebaceous unit in the hair bearing area. In areas without hair, these cysts are considered implantation and proliferation of squamous epithelium into the dermis due to injury.

    Aims: The aim is to evaluate the clinicopathological details with emphasis on unusual findings related to epidermoid cysts. Read More

    Markers of proliferation and cytokeratins in the differential diagnosis of jaw cysts.
    Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Sep;96(9):376-383
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Department of Pathology, Bulevar Zorana Djindjića 81, 18000 Niš, Serbia.
    We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the histologic and immunohistochemical findings in three main types of odontogenic cyst. We studied 90 archived cystic jaw lesions: 30 dentigerous cysts, 30 keratocystic odontogenic tumors, and 30 radicular cysts. The cyst types were identified on the basis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic findings. Read More

    [Superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysm: 2 cases].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, boulevard de Belfort, 59000 Lille, France; Université catholique de Lille, 60, boulevard Vauban, 59800 Lille, France.
    Background: Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial temporal artery causes tumefaction in the temporal region. Herein, we report two cases.

    Patients And Methods: Case 1 : a 32-year-old man presented with a slightly pulsatile nodular formation measuring 2 cm in the right temporal region that had appeared nine months after traumatic injury. Read More

    Trichilemmal Carcinoma from Proliferating Trichilemmal Cyst on the Posterior Neck.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Mar 25;18(1):50-53. Epub 2017 Mar 25.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
    Trichilemmal cysts are common fluid-filled growths that arise from the isthmus of the hair follicle. They can form rapidly multiplying trichilemmal tumors-, also called proliferating trichilemmal cysts, which are typically benign. Rarely, proliferating trichilemmal cysts can become cancerous. Read More

    Rare Giant Upper Lip Epidermal Cyst in a Patient Wearing a Denture.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23;17(4):222-224. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
    Epidermal cysts are intradermal or subcutaneous cystic tumors that frequently occur in the face, scalp, neck, and body trunk. Acquired cases of epidermal cyst commonly occur as a result of various surgical operations, chronic irritation, or trauma, all of which may trigger the occurrence of the invagination of squamous epithelium. A 57-year-old man presented with a palpable mass 7 cm×2 cm in size in the upper lip. Read More

    Giant Plantar Epidermoid Cyst with Invasion of the Interosseous Muscles.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2017 Jul;107(4):329-332
    Epidermoid cysts of the sole of the foot are rare lesions that must be differentiated from other, more common subcutaneous pathologic abnormalities located on the sole. Cases of epidermoid cysts that extend to the interosseous musculature are rarer still. We report the case of a giant epidermal cyst in a 64-year-old individual that extended to the intrinsic musculature of the third space of the right foot and that was diagnosed after fine-needle aspiration biopsy and subsequent cytologic study. Read More

    Thoracic Intradural-Extramedullary Epidermoid Tumor: The Relevance for Resection of Classic Subarachnoid Space Microsurgical Anatomy in Modern Spinal Surgery. Technical Note and Review of the Literature.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 24;108:54-61. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Intradural epidermoid tumors of the spinal cord are commonly associated with spinal cord dysraphism or invasive procedures. We report the particular relationships between spinal subarachnoid compartments and thoracic intradural-extramedullary epidermoid tumor, highlighting the relevant anatomic changes that may influence microsurgery.

    Methods: A 40-year-old woman from compressive myelopathy owing to a thoracic epidermoid tumor extending from T3 to T4 and not associated with spina bifida, trauma, previous surgery, or lumbar spinal puncture underwent microsurgical excision. Read More

    Mastoid Epidermoid Tumor and Associated Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Venous Sinus Occlusion.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 19;108:988.e15-988.e20. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is an abnormal vascular connection between arterial and venous channels within dura mater. Although DAVFs have been linked to other types of intracranial tumors, this is the first case reporting the association between DAVF and an epidermoid tumor.

    Case Description: A middle-aged patient with chronic headache presented with Borden type II DAVF draining into the right transverse sigmoid junction and was also found to have an epidermoid tumor over the right mastoid. Read More

    Massive epidermal vulval cyst: an unusual late complication of female genital mutilation.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Aug 16;2017. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust, Halifax, West Yorkshire, UK.
    Vulval epidermal cysts are rare and infrequently described in literature. They present a difficult diagnostic dilemma and surgical challenges. They most commonly occur as a late complication of female genital mutilation (FGM) and manifest as a primary condition. Read More

    Self-organization process in newborn skin organoid formation inspires strategy to restore hair regeneration of adult cells.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017 Aug 10;114(34):E7101-E7110. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Department of Pathology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033;
    Organoids made from dissociated progenitor cells undergo tissue-like organization. This in vitro self-organization process is not identical to embryonic organ formation, but it achieves a similar phenotype in vivo. This implies genetic codes do not specify morphology directly; instead, complex tissue architectures may be achieved through several intermediate layers of cross talk between genetic information and biophysical processes. Read More

    IL-1 Receptor-Knockout Mice Develop Epidermal Cysts and Show an Altered Innate Immune Response after Exposure to UVB Radiation.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Nov 25;137(11):2417-2426. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Diego, California, USA. Electronic address:
    In this study, we observed that mice lacking the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) (IL1r) or deficient in IL1-β developed multiple epidermal cysts after chronic UVB exposure. Cysts that developed in IL1rmice were characterized by the presence of the hair follicle marker Sox 9, keratins 10 and 14, and normal melanocyte distribution and retinoid X receptor-α expression. The increased incidence of cysts in IL1rmice was associated with less skin inflammation as characterized by decreased recruitment of macrophages, and their skin also maintained epidermal barrier function compared with wild-type mice. Read More

    Culturing and transcriptome profiling of progenitor-like colonies derived from adult mouse pancreas.
    Stem Cell Res Ther 2017 Jul 26;8(1):172. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Drug Screening, School of Life Science and Technology, China Pharmaceutical University, 24 Tongjiaxiang, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Transplantation of insulin-producing cells is considered an important diabetes therapy. Many research studies have shown that insulin-producing cells can be derived from the in-vitro cultured pancreatic colonies with self-renewal ability and multilineage potential. Even though these progenitor-like colonies have been prepared from adult pancreas cells, the efficient culture method is hardly established and regulation of the colonies is rarely known. Read More

    Apocrine hidrocystoma of the foreskin. A case report and review of the literature.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2017 ;58(2):651-653
    Departamento de Ciencias Medicas y Quirurgicas, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain;
    Apocrine hidrocystoma (AH) is an uncommon benign cystic tumor that is rarely located in the genitalia. We present the case of a 52-year-old uncircumcised man who presented an AH on his foreskin. The lesion was non-proliferative. Read More

    Epidermoid Cyst: Clinical and Surgical Case Report.
    Ann Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan-Jun;7(1):151-154
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Araçatuba, UNESP-Univ. Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba-SP, Brazil.
    The epidermoid cyst is a development cyst, skin, filled with keratin and imprisoned by stratified squamous epithelium similar to skin. They are more frequent in males. Clinically presenting as flabby, prevalent over the face, neck and back. Read More

    Impact of Perioperative Voice Therapy on Outcomes in the Surgical Management of Vocal Fold Cysts.
    J Voice 2017 Jul 13. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    University of Texas Voice Center, University of Texas Health Science Center-San Antonio, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, San Antonio, Texas.
    Introduction: Vocal fold cysts are benign mid-membranous lesions of the true vocal fold, classified as mucus retention or epidermal inclusion cysts. Treatment is surgical excision with or without postoperative voice therapy.

    Methods: A retrospective review was performed of the demographics, treatment approach, and outcomes of patients treated for vocal fold cysts between 2009 and 2014. Read More

    [Fourth ventricule epidermoid cyst: about a case].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 26;26:239. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Service Neurochirurgie, CHU Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.
    Epidermoid cysts are rare benign tumors developed by ectodermic inclusions. They are usually located at the level of the pontocerebellar angle, the parasellar region and the temporal fossa. They exceptionally develop at the level of the fourth ventricle We report the case of a 47-year old woman admitted for intracranial hypertension syndrome associated with walking disorders. Read More

    Epidermal cyst of temporal bone as a delayed complication of myringoplasty.
    Mol Clin Oncol 2017 Jul 18;7(1):73-75. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Odontostomatologic Science, Ear, Nose and Throat Section, University of Naples 'Federico II', I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Epidermal cysts are benign tumors derived from the epidermis or the epithelial hair follicle filled with keratin and lipid-rich debris, typically occurring in areas with a high-density of sebaceous glands. These cysts commonly occur on the face, scalp, neck and trunk, where the sebaceous glands are more active. Their localization within the bone is extremely uncommon. Read More

    Bilateral Intractable Trigeminal Neuralgia due to a Prepontine Epidermoid Tumour: An Unlikely Duo.
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2016 Nov;26(11):118-120
    Department of Radiology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi.
    Prepontine epidermoid is a rare congenital tumour which arises during 3rd - 5th week of embryogenesis due to incomplete separation of neuroectoderm from surface ectoderm. This is slow growing benign tumour with late presentation in adult life. The clinical symptoms depend on the location of the tumour. Read More

    An Unusual Presentation of a Breast Lump.
    Indian J Surg 2017 Jun 19;79(3):256-258. Epub 2016 Aug 19.
    Department of Surgery, K.S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, India.
    Trichilemmal cyst also known as pilar cyst is a rare cyst arising from the external root sheath of the hair follicle. These cysts are observed on the scalp most commonly in females. The occurrence of trichilemmal cysts in areas other than the scalp is extremely rare. Read More

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