Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    790 results match your criteria Piedra

    1 OF 16

    The respiratory syncytial virus vaccine landscape: lessons from the graveyard and promising candidates.
    Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Jun 15. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Laboratory of Translational Immunology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands; Department of Paediatrics, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands; Respiratory Syncytial Virus Network (ReSViNET) Foundation, Zeist, Netherlands. Electronic address:
    The global burden of disease caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is increasingly recognised, not only in infants, but also in older adults (aged ≥65 years). Advances in knowledge of the structural biology of the RSV surface fusion glycoprotein have revolutionised RSV vaccine development by providing a new target for preventive interventions. The RSV vaccine landscape has rapidly expanded to include 19 vaccine candidates and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in clinical trials, reflecting the urgency of reducing this global health problem and hence the prioritisation of RSV vaccine development. Read More

    Fox parasites in Pre-columbian times: Evidence from the past to understand the current helminth assemblages.
    Acta Trop 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    (c)Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano, Argentina; (d)Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    This work aims to increase the information on the entero-parasitism in Holocene carnivores, by examining coprolites found in Patagonia. Molecular analysis was conducted following the Authenticity Criteria to Determine Ancient DNA sequences. The nucleotide sequences showed 99% of identity with the Control Region sequences of Lycalopex culpaeus (culpeo fox). Read More

    Cases of white piedra of the hair on the American continent: a case report and a systematic literature review.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSAAC), Cusco, Peru.
    White piedra of the hair is a rare superficial fungal infection caused by several Trichosporon spp. It typically manifests as white to light brown hard nodules, firmly attached to frontal, occipital, and parietal scalp hair. The incidence of white piedra varies from country to country, and men and women of all ages are affected. Read More

    Complications following pediatric cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy: a multicenter retrospective study.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Jun 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
    OBJECTIVE In children, the repair of skull defects arising from decompressive craniectomy presents a unique set of challenges. Single-center studies have identified different risk factors for the common complications of cranioplasty resorption and infection. The goal of the present study was to determine the risk factors for bone resorption and infection after pediatric cranioplasty. Read More

    Extensive Gastrointestinal Manifestations as the Main Relapsing Disease in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.
    Dig Dis Sci 2018 Jun 4. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
    Primary Systemic Vasculitides Clinic, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Calzada de Tlalpan 4502, Col. Sección XVI, Tlalpan, C.P. 14080, Mexico City, Mexico.

    Update on Omalizumab for Urticaria: What's New in the Literature from Mechanisms to Clinic.
    Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2018 May 9;18(5):33. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Expermiental, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
    Purpose Of Review: Since omalizumab has been approved for urticaria, numerous randomized and real-life observational trials have been published. We reviewed the period January 2017-February 2018.

    Recent Findings: Omalizumab is effective for the control of urticaria recalcitrant to antihistamines in different populations globally. Read More

    A Cross-sectional Surveillance Study of the Frequency and Etiology of Acute Respiratory Illness Among Pregnant Women.
    J Infect Dis 2018 May 5. Epub 2018 May 5.
    Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Houston, Texas.
    Background: Other than influenza, little is known about the consequences of viral acute respiratory illness (ARI) on pregnant women and fetuses. Our objectives were to determine the frequency of ARI due to respiratory viruses and the associated clinical outcomes during pregnancy.

    Methods: Pregnant women in their second or third trimester were enrolled if they reported having symptoms of ARI or were healthy within the preceding 2 weeks. Read More

    The role of the gut microbiota in the pathology and prevention of liver disease.
    J Nutr Biochem 2018 Mar 16;60:1-8. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Translational Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation, Puente de Piedra 150, Toriello Guerra Tlalpan, C.P. 14050, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Several microorganisms belonging to the intestinal microbiota act in an ecosystem responsible for maintaining the homeostasis and vital functions of human beings. From birth to old age the diversity of the intestinal microbiota may change due to environmental factors such as nutrition, immunity, diseases or the use of antibiotics leading to dysbiosis. Improvement in microbiota diversity can be achieved by modifying related risk factors through changes in lifestyle and a healthy diet. Read More

    The impact of exercise on depressive symptoms in older Hispanic/Latino adults: results from the '¡Caminemos!' study.
    Aging Ment Health 2018 Apr 2:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 2.
    c Department of Medicine , David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and VA Greater Los Angeles Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center , Los Angeles , CA , United States.
    Objectives: We examined the prospective effects of an evidence-based exercise intervention on depressive symptoms in older Hispanics/Latinos and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining component to counter negative ascriptions to the aging process.

    Method: We analyzed baseline, 1-, 12-, 24-month data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥ 60 years participating in an exercise intervention ("¡Caminemos!") across 27 senior centers (N = 572). All participants were given 4 weekly 1-hour group-based exercise classes targeting strength training, endurance, balance and flexibility. Read More

    Fungal diseases in children and adolescents in a referral centre in Bogota, Colombia.
    Mycoses 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Dermatology Resident, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas, Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta, E.S.E., Bogotá, Colombia.
    A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at a dermatology referral centre in Bogotá, to estimate the frequencies and aetiologies of mycoses in the population under 18 years of age attending the medical mycology laboratory over a 13-year period (2000-2012). A total of 1337 samples from 1221 patients were evaluated, involving direct examination and culture for 1279 samples, direct examination alone for 50 and culture alone for 8. During the study period, dermatophytosis was diagnosed via culture in 537 cases (40. Read More

    Wildlife-vehicle collisions in Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve, Canary Islands.
    PLoS One 2018 21;13(3):e0192731. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC), Avda. Américo Vespucio 26, Seville, Spain.
    Insular wildlife is more prone to extinction than their mainland relatives. Thus, a basic understanding of non-natural mortality sources is the first step in the development of conservation management plans. The Canary Islands are an important tourist destination due to their unique climate and rich scenery and biodiversity. Read More

    Toxicity of atrazine- and glyphosate-based formulations on Caenorhabditis elegans.
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Jul 20;156:216-222. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Environmental and Computational Chemistry Group, Zaragocilla Campus. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. University of Cartagena, Cartagena 130015, Colombia. Electronic address:
    Atrazine and Glyphosate are herbicides massively used in agriculture for crop protection. Upon application, they are available to the biota in different ecosystems. The aim of this research was to evaluate the toxicity of Glyphosate and Atrazine based formulations (GBF and ABF, respectively). Read More

    Clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with mitral plasticity in patients with chronic inferior myocardial infarction.
    Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 May;19(5):508-515
    Department of Out patients Care, Echocardiography, Nuclear medicine National Instituto of Cardiology Ignacio Chávez, Juan Badiano No.1, Colonia Sección XVI, Tlalpan, Mexico City 14080, Mexico.
    Aims: Ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is consequence of left ventricular (LV) remodelling after myocardial infarction. In some cases, the mitral valve enlarges to compensate for LV remodelling and tenting, improving its coaptation; a process termed 'plasticity'. We sought to identify clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with plasticity in patients with chronic inferior myocardial infarction (CII). Read More

    Comparison of Palivizumab-Like Antibody Binding to Different Conformations of the RSV F Protein in RSV-Infected Adult Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients.
    J Infect Dis 2018 Mar;217(8):1247-1256
    Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
    Background: Most respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidates include fusion (F) protein in different conformations. Antigenic site II found in the different F conformations is the target of palivizumab, the only US Food and Drug Administration approved monoclonal antibody (mAb). Serum palivizumab-like antibody (PLA) is a potential serologic correlate of immunity. Read More

    Long-term pubic dermatitis diagnosed as white piedra.
    Cutis 2017 Dec;100(6):448-450
    Premier Dermatology, Abilene, Texas, USA.
    The case of a 58-year-old man with a pruritic rash involving the pubic area that had been undiagnosed for 30 years is presented. At least 15 different primary care physicians and dermatologists evaluated the patient during this time period. Multiple treatments were unsuccessful and a definitive diagnosis was not rendered. Read More

    Establishing Correlates of Protection for Vaccine Development: Considerations for the Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Field.
    Viral Immunol 2018 03 16;31(2):195-203. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    6 Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine , Houston, Texas.
    Correlates of protection (CoPs) can play a significant role in vaccine development by assisting the selection of vaccine candidates for clinical trials, supporting clinical trial design and implementation, and simplifying tests of vaccine modifications. Because of this important role in vaccine development, it is essential that CoPs be defined by well-designed immunogenicity and efficacy studies, with attention paid to benefits and limitations. The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) field is unique in that a great deal of information about the humoral response is available from basic research and clinical studies. Read More

    The association between anterior nares and nasopharyngeal microbiota in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis.
    Microbiome 2018 Jan 3;6(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: The airway microbiome is a subject of great interest for the study of respiratory disease. Anterior nare samples are more accessible than samples from deeper within the nasopharynx. However, the correlation between the microbiota found in the anterior nares and the microbiota found within the nasopharynx is unknown. Read More

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Rhinovirus Bronchiolitis Are Associated With Distinct Metabolic Pathways.
    J Infect Dis 2018 Mar;217(7):1160-1169
    Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Background: Bronchiolitis, the leading cause of hospitalization among infants in the United States, is most commonly caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), followed by rhinovirus (RV). Conventional perception is that bronchiolitis is a single entity, albeit with different viral etiologies and degrees of severity.

    Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of nasopharyngeal aspirates from 106 infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis due to either RSV only (80 patients) or RV only (26 patients). Read More

    RSV vs. rhinovirus bronchiolitis: difference in nasal airway microRNA profiles and NFκB signaling.
    Pediatr Res 2018 Mar 17;83(3):606-614. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.
    BackgroundAlthough rhinovirus infection is associated with increased risks of acute and chronic respiratory outcomes during childhood compared with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We aimed to determine the differences in nasal airway microRNA profiles and their downstream effects between infants with rhinovirus and RSV bronchiolitis.MethodsAs part of a multicenter cohort study of infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis, we examined nasal samples obtained from 16 infants with rhinovirus and 16 infants with RSV. Read More

    White piedra, black piedra, tinea versicolor, and tinea nigra: contribution to the diagnosis of superficial mycosis.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 May-Jun;92(3):413-416
    Dermatology Clinic, Hospital da Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP) Brazil.
    Superficial mycoses are fungal infections restricted to the stratum corneum and to the hair shafts, with no penetration in the epidermis; they are: white piedra, black piedra, tinea versicolor, and tinea nigra. This study presents images of mycological tests performed in the laboratory, as well as exams performed at the authors office, in order to improve the dermatologist's knowledge about the diagnosis of these dermatoses, which are common in many countries. Read More

    Analysis of the influence of the T393C polymorphism of the GNAS gene on the clinical expression of primary hyperparathyroidism.
    Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2017 Dec 18;64(10):524-530. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Servicio de Endocrinología, Hospital Universitario "Marqués de Valdecilla", Instituto de Investigación "Marqués de Valdecilla" (IDIVAL), Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. de Valdecilla s/n, Santander 39008, Cantabria, Spain.
    Background: The receptor of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related-protein (PTH/PTHrp) is located in the cell membrane of target tissues - kidney and osteoblasts. It is a G protein-coupled-receptor whose Gα subunit is encoded by the GNAS gene. Our aim was to study whether the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) T393C of the GNAS gene is associated with renal stones, bone mineral density (BMD), or bone remodelling markers in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Read More

    Effects of Cyclosporine, Tacrolimus, and Rapamycin on Osteoblasts.
    Transplant Proc 2017 Nov;49(9):2219-2224
    Bioquímica Investigación, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Purpose: One factor that can contribute to severe bone loss after transplantation is the direct action of immunosuppressants on bone cells. The aim of this work was to study the effects of cyclosporine (CsA), tacrolimus (FK-506), and rapamycin (RAPA) on the release of three local factors directly implicated in bone-remodeling regulation and apoptosis of human osteoblasts: interleukin (IL)-6, osteoprotegerin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κβ (RANKL).

    Basic Procedures: Human osteoblasts were obtained from five different patients who underwent orthopedic surgery. Read More

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Genotypes, Host Immune Profiles, and Disease Severity in Young Children Hospitalized With Bronchiolitis.
    J Infect Dis 2017 Dec;217(1):24-34
    Center for Vaccines and Immunity, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.
    Background: Data on how respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genotypes influence disease severity and host immune responses is limited. Here, we characterized the genetic variability of RSV during 5 seasons, and evaluated the role of RSV subtypes, genotypes, and viral loads in disease severity and host transcriptional profiles.

    Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out, including a convenience sample of healthy infants hospitalized with RSV bronchiolitis. Read More

    Listening to Relaxing Music Improves Physiological Responses in Premature Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Adv Neonatal Care 2018 Feb;18(1):58-69
    Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain (Mr Caparros-Gonzalez, Dr Diaz-Piedra, and Dr Buela-Casal); Faculty of Psychology, University of Balearic Islands, Balearic Islands, Spain (Mr de la Torre-Luque); School of Computer Science, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain (Dr Vico); and Gynecology and Obstetric Department, Hospital Poniente, El Ejido, Almeria, Spain (Mr Caparros-Gonzalez).
    Background: Premature infants are exposed to high levels of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

    Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of a relaxing music therapy intervention composed by artificial intelligence on respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate.

    Methods: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the NICUs of 2 general public hospitals in Andalusia, Spain. Read More

    Debates in Allergy Medicine: Allergy skin testing cannot be replaced by molecular diagnosis in the near future.
    World Allergy Organ J 2017 19;10(1):32. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Institute of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Percutaneous skin prick tests (SPT) have been considered the preferred method for confirming IgE-mediated sensitization. This reliable and minimally invasive technique correlates with in vivo challenges, has good reproducibility, is easily quantified, and allows analyzing multiple allergens simultaneously. Potent extracts and a proficient tester improve its accuracy. Read More

    Flamingos and drought as drivers of nutrients and microbial dynamics in a saline lake.
    Sci Rep 2017 Sep 22;7(1):12173. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Departamento de Ecología e Instituto del Agua, Universidad de Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain.
    Waterbird aggregations and droughts affect nutrient and microbial dynamics in wetlands. We analysed the effects of high densities of flamingos on nutrients and microbial dynamics in a saline lake during a wet and a dry hydrological year, and explored the effects of guano on prokaryotic growth. Concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, total phosphorus and total nitrogen in the surface waters were 2-3 fold higher during the drought and were correlated with salinity. Read More

    Immunologic Profiling of Human Metapneumovirus for the Development of Targeted Immunotherapy.
    J Infect Dis 2017 Sep;216(6):678-687
    Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, and Houston Methodist Hospital.
    Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a respiratory virus detected in ≥9% of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, in whom it can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Given the lack of effective antivirals, we investigated the potential for immunotherapeutic intervention, using adoptively transferred T cells. Thus, we characterized the cellular immune response to the virus and identified F, N, M2-1, M, and P as immunodominant target antigens. Read More

    Changes in Radial Artery Pulse Pressure During a Fluid Challenge Cannot Assess Fluid Responsiveness in Patients With Septic Shock.
    J Intensive Care Med 2017 Jan 1:885066617732291. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Background: Arterial blood pressure is the most common variable used to assess the response to a fluid challenge in routine clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the change in the radial artery pulse pressure (rPP) to detect the change in cardiac output after a fluid challenge in patients with septic shock.

    Methods: Prospective observational study including 35 patients with septic shock in which rPP and cardiac output were measured before and after a fluid challenge with 400 mL of crystalloid solution. Read More

    Identifying Gaps in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease Epidemiology in the United States Prior to the Introduction of Vaccines.
    Clin Infect Dis 2017 Sep;65(6):1020-1025
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes lower respiratory tract illness frequently. No effective antivirals or vaccines for RSV are approved for use in the United States; however, there are at least 50 vaccines and monoclonal antibody products in development, with those targeting older adults and pregnant women (to protect young infants) in phase 2 and 3 clinical trials. Unanswered questions regarding RSV epidemiology need to be identified and addressed prior to RSV vaccine introduction to guide the measurement of impact and future recommendations. Read More

    Stigma-Stop: A Serious Game against the Stigma toward Mental Health in Educational Settings.
    Front Psychol 2017 21;8:1385. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    Department of Education, University of AlmeríaAlmería, Spain.
    This paper presents the results from the application of a serious game called Stigma-Stop among a group of high school students with the aim of reducing the stigma toward mental illnesses. The video game features characters with various mental disorders (schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, and panic disorder with agoraphobia) and provides information about these problems. Additionally, the game asks players about whether they have ever felt the same as the characters, if they believe the characters are psychologically well, and if they think they could help these individuals. Read More

    Annual killifish adaptations to ephemeral environments: Diapause i in two austrolebias species.
    Dev Dyn 2017 Nov 18;246(11):848-857. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Independent researcher, Viña del Mar, Chile.
    Background: Many organisms are able to survive in extreme environments by entering a state of dormancy. In dormancy, vital activities are reduced until environmental conditions are compatible with active life. Annual killifishes show a special developmental pattern characterized by a phase of dispersion-reaggregation of the blastomeres that separates epiboly from organogenesis, and the capability to enter dormancy in diapause. Read More

    Apex Predators, Rockshelters, and Zoonoses in the Patagonian Holocene.
    J Parasitol 2017 Dec 7;103(6):791-794. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Laboratorio de Parasitología de Sitios Arqueológicos. CONICET-Depto. de Biología, FCEyN, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Calle Funes 3350, Mar del Plata (7600), Argentina.
    Carnivorous mammals are a trophic guild with an important role in the dissemination of parasite infective stages (larvae, eggs, cysts, and oocysts). In the present study, new samples of coprolites attributed to carnivorous mammals, obtained from 2 archaeological caves, were analyzed for the presence of parasites with the aim to increase the knowledge about parasites in rockshelters that could have spread to humans and other mammals. To this purpose, fragments of 3 coprolites from Cerro Casa de Piedra, cave 5 and cave 7, were examined. Read More

    Multicenter Observational Study of the Use of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline to Treat Children Hospitalized for Bronchiolitis From 2008 to 2014.
    Hosp Pediatr 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and.
    Objectives: Among children hospitalized for bronchiolitis, we examined temporal trends in the use of hypertonic saline (HTS) and the characteristics associated with receiving this treatment.

    Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 large, multicenter prospective cohort studies that included young children hospitalized with bronchiolitis during 5 winter seasons (2008-2014). Our outcome was receipt of HTS any time during the preadmission visit or hospitalization. Read More

    A Phase 2 randomized, observer-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging trial of aluminum-adjuvanted respiratory syncytial virus F particle vaccine formulations in healthy women of childbearing age.
    Vaccine 2017 06 1;35(30):3749-3759. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Novavax, Inc., 20 Firstfield Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA. Electronic address:
    Objective: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. We are developing an RSV fusion (F) protein nanoparticle vaccine for immunization of third trimester pregnant women to passively protect infants through transfer of RSV-specific maternal antibodies. The present trial was performed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of several formulations of RSV F vaccine in 1-dose or 2-dose schedules. Read More

    [Hip osteosynthesis with IM nail: lateral decubitus without fracture table].
    Acta Ortop Mex 2016 Nov-Dec;30(6):279-283
    Hospital Ángeles Pedregal, Periférico Sur Núm. 3707, Col. Héroes de Padierna, Del. Magdalena Contreras, CP 10700 Ciudad de México.
    Background: Hip fractures have increased in the last decades, mainly in elderly patients with osteoporosis. The incidence becomes in some countries up to 250 thousand new cases per year, generating millions for health systems costs, so it should be considered a public health problem. They are treated in supine position, with a fracture table, through a lateral approach. Read More

    Marked variability observed in inpatient management of bronchiolitis in three Finnish hospitals.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Sep 16;106(9):1512-1518. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Aim: Infants hospitalised for bronchiolitis undergo examinations and treatments not supported by current research evidence and we investigated practice variations with regard to Finnish children under the age of two.

    Methods: This prospective, multicentre cohort study was conducted in paediatric units in three university hospitals in Finland from 2008 to 2010. Hospital medical records were reviewed to collect data on clinical course, testing and treatment. Read More

    [Trichomycosis (trichobacteriosis) capitis in an infant: Microbiological, dermoscopic and ultrastructural features].
    Rev Chil Pediatr 2017 Apr;88(2):258-262
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infantil de México Dr. Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México.
    Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. Read More

    Serum LL-37 Levels Associated With Severity of Bronchiolitis and Viral Etiology.
    Clin Infect Dis 2017 Sep;65(6):967-975
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
    Background: LL-37 is a host defense peptide with antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties. We examined the relation of serum LL-37 levels to the severity of bronchiolitis and viral etiology.

    Methods: We performed a 17-center prospective cohort study in infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis over 3 winters (2011-2014). Read More

    High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Peruvian adolescents living in a peri-urban shantytown: a cross-sectional study.
    J Health Popul Nutr 2017 May 22;36(1):19. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Departments of Neurology, Global Health and Medicine (Infectious Disease) of University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Background: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents.

    Methods: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence). Read More

    Characterizing the Cellular Immune Response to Parainfluenza Virus 3.
    J Infect Dis 2017 Jul;216(2):153-161
    Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, and Houston Methodist Hospital.
    Parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals, with no approved therapies. Our group has demonstrated the safety and efficacy of adoptively transferred virus-specific T cells for the prevention and treatment of a broad range of viral infections including BK virus, cytomegalovirus, adenovirus, human herpesvirus 6, and Epstein-Barr virus. However, this approach is restricted to well-characterized viruses with known immunogenic/protective T-cell target antigens, precluding extension to PIV3. Read More

    Topical corticosteroid phobia in atopic dermatitis: International feasibility study of the TOPICOP score.
    Allergy 2017 Nov 22;72(11):1713-1719. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Dermatology, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France.
    Background: Adherence to topical corticosteroids (TCS) is essential for the effective treatment of atopic dermatitis but can be limited by concerns about their use. This study examined the feasibility of applying the validated TOPICOP score for assessing TCS phobia across different countries.

    Methods: This was a prospective multicentre feasibility study conducted in 21 hospitals in 17 countries. Read More

    Differences between 2nd and 3rd generation seric parathormone determination methods on mortality in haemodialysis patients.
    Nefrologia 2017 Jul - Aug;37(4):389-396. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Servicio de Nefrología, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, España; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Fundación Jiménez Díaz (IIS-FJD), Madrid, España; Servicio de Nefrología, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España. Electronic address:
    Parathormone plays a key role in controlling mineral metabolism. PTH is considered a uremic toxin causing cardiovascular damage and cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. There are two different assays to measure PTH called 2nd generation or intact PTH (iPTH) and 3rd generation or bioPTH (PTHbio). Read More

    Sequence variability of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion gene among contemporary and historical genotypes of RSV/A and RSV/B.
    PLoS One 2017 17;12(4):e0175792. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America.
    Background: The fusion (F) protein of RSV is the major vaccine target. This protein undergoes a conformational change from pre-fusion to post-fusion. Both conformations share antigenic sites II and IV. Read More

    Immunogenicity and safety of a respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein (RSV F) nanoparticle vaccine in older adults.
    Immun Ageing 2017 12;14. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Novavax, Inc, 20 Firstfield Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20878 USA.
    Background: A preventative strategy for Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection constitutes an under-recognized unmet medical need among older adults. Four formulations of a novel recombinant RSV F nanoparticle vaccine (60 or 90 μg RSV F protein, with or without aluminum phosphate adjuvant) administered concurrently with a licensed inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) in older adult subjects were evaluated for safety and immunogenicity in this randomized, observer-blinded study.

    Results: A total of 220 healthy males and females ≥ 60 years of age, without symptomatic cardiopulmonary disease, were vaccinated concurrently with TIV and RSV F vaccine or placebo. Read More

    Clinical Profiles of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Subtypes A AND B Among Children Hospitalized with Bronchiolitis.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Aug;36(8):808-810
    From the *Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children, Orlando, Florida; †Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; ‡Departments of Molecular Virology and Microbiology and Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; and §Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    In this analysis of a prospective, multicenter study of children hospitalized with bronchiolitis, 925 had respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-A and 649 had RSV-B. Overall, bronchiolitis severity did not differ by RSV subtype. However, among children with RSV-only bronchiolitis, those children with RSV-A had higher risk of intensive care treatment (odds ratio, 1. Read More

    1 OF 16