1,080 results match your criteria Physiotherapy theory and practice[Journal]


The treatment of central sensitization in an adolescent using pain neuroscience education and graded exposure to activity: A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

b Intermountain Healthcare , Orem Community Hospital , Orem , UT , USA.

Chronic pain affects 1.7 million children in the United States, and its effects often linger into adulthood. Unfortunately, chronic pediatric pain is often undertreated. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1551454DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Clinical decision making and application of an active rehabilitation program for a person with the neuromuscular symptoms of Allgrove syndrome: a case report.

Authors:
Joseph T Adams

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Dec 3:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Rusk Rehabilitation, Clinical Instructor, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine NYU School of Medicine , NYU Langone Health , New York , NY , USA.

Background: Allgrove syndrome is a multisystem disorder first described in 1978 and is classically associated with esophageal achalasia, alacrima, and adrenal insufficiency. Allgrove syndrome is caused by homozygous and/or compound heterozygous mutations on Chromosome 12q13, designated as "AAA" (Achalasia, Addisonianism Alacrima). AAA encodes the protein ALADIN (Alacrima, Achalasia, aDrenal Insufficiency Neurologic disorder), a member of the nuclear porin family forming the nuclear pore complex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1548049DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The effects of dual task gait and balance training in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Laboratory of Motor Behavior, School of Physical Education and Sport , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the ability to perform simultaneous tasks may be impaired. However, there is no consensus as to whether the strategy of use dual task (DT) should be used with PD patients during gait and balance training because DT can increase the risk of falls. Therefore, it is necessary to critically analyze the relevant studies and evaluate the indications for the use of DT and its effects as a therapeutic strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1551455DOI Listing
December 2018

The clinical application of pain neuroscience, graded motor imagery, and graded activity with complex regional pain syndrome-A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Nov 30:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

d Phileo Health , Altoona , WI , USA.

Background: Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a condition that physical therapists may encounter in an outpatient orthopedic setting. In physical therapy (PT) treatment of CRPS addresses pain and the changes observed in the brain through the use of graded motor imagery (GMI).

Case Description: A 57-year-old female presented to an outpatient PT clinic with CRPS type 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1548047DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Chelsea Critical Care Physical Assessment tool into Danish.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Nov 30:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy , Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus , Denmark.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to validate the Chelsea Critical Care Physical Assessment Tool (CPAx) in Danish, including translation, cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of clinemetric properties.

Method: International recommendations for translation and cross-cultural adaptation of outcome measures were followed. Physiotherapists with ICU experience investigated the clinemetric properties of the Danish CPAx version among 30 critically ill patients at three different ICUs. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1548048DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

"When what is taken for granted disappears": women's experiences and perceptions after a cardiac event.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Nov 26:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

a Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy , Oslo Metropolitan University , Oslo , Norway.

Background And Purpose: On entering Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR), the female cardiac population shows greater fear of overexertion and sense of uncertainty than similarly affected men. The purpose of this study was to explore how women experienced the recovery process after a cardiac event and what impact the event had on bodily experiences.

Methods: A qualitative, descriptive design, inspired by a phenomenological approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1550829DOI Listing
November 2018

Muscle stretching changes neuromuscular function involved in ankle stability.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Nov 26:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b Laboratory of Biomechanics, School of Physical Education and Sport , University of São Paulo (USP) , Brasil.

It has been postulated that the mechanical and neurophysiological effects induced by stretching decrease maximal muscle strength and power. Additionally, the reduction in neural input and muscle stiffness can affect the joint stabilization process. However, there is no evidence available to support this hypothesis. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1548046DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Responsiveness of a Persian version of Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and Tegner activity scale in athletes with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction following physiotherapy treatment.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Nov 23:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

c Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center , Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz , Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate the responsiveness and determine the minimal clinically important changes (MCICs), anchored by the patient response to a 7-point global rating scale, for Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and Tegner activity scale in athletes undergoing physiotherapy treatment after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R).

Methods: Fifty-four patients undergoing physiotherapy completed the Persian versions of KOOS and Tegner scales at weeks 6 and 10 post ACL-R. The 7-point global rating of change was also completed at week 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1548672DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Lower limb joint moments on the fast belt contribute to a reduction of step length asymmetry over ground after split-belt treadmill training in stroke: A pilot study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Oct 25:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

a Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Réadaptation (CRIR), Institut de Réadaptation Gingras-Lindsay de Montréal (IRGLM) , CIUSSS Centre-Sud-de-l'Île-de-Montréal , Québec , Canada.

The main goal was to investigate changes in muscle activity and joint moments related to step length (SL) symmetry improvements in individuals poststroke following repeated split-belt treadmill (SBT) walking. Twelve individuals with a first unilateral cerebral stroke presenting initial SL asymmetry (ratio = 1.10-2. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1530708DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Evidence-based management of patients with vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance at an Australian metropolitan health service: an observational study of clinical practice.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Oct 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Physiotherapy, Western Health , Sunshine Hospital , St Albans , Victoria , Australia.

Aim: To determine whether patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with possible benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) are managed in accordance with best practice guidelines, and whether physiotherapists are involved in their care.

Design: Retrospective observational study.

Participants: Ninety-six consecutive patients presenting to one of three EDs with vertigo, dizziness or imbalance symptoms documented at triage. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1511020DOI Listing
October 2018
20 Reads

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with exercise decreases duration of mechanical ventilation in ICU patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Oct 15:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

a Physical Therapy Department , University of Brasilia , Brasilia , Brazil.

Background: Early mobilization can be employed to minimize the duration of intensive care. However, a protocol combining neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) with early mobilization has not yet been tested in ICU patients. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of NMES, exercise (EX), and combined therapy (NMES + EX) on duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) in critically ill patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1490363DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Manual therapy and early return to sport in football players with adductor-related groin pain: A prospective case series.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Oct 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

c Sports Rehabilitation and Manual Therapy , Physiotherapy Dukenburg Nijmegen , Nijmegen , Netherlands.

Objectives: To study the clinical course including return to sport success rates of football players with adductor-related groin pain (ARGP) after manual therapy of the adductor muscles.

Design: Prospective case series.

Methods: Thirty-four football players with ARGP with median pre-injury Tegner scores of 9 (IQR 25-75: 9-9) were treated with manual therapy of the adductor muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1531096DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The impact of therapeutic alliance in physical therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review of the literature.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 28:1-13. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

f Doctor of Physical Therapy Division, Department of Orthopaedics , Duke University , Durham , NC , USA.

Objective: To systematically determine the specific impact of therapeutic alliance (TA) on chronic musculoskeletal pain, identify factors influencing TA between physical therapists and patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, and determine the working definition of TA across studies.

Data Sources: Databases, including PubMed, CINHAL, and Embase, were searched from inception to January 2017.

Study Selection: The initial search resulted in 451 papers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1516015DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Experiences from group basic body awareness therapy by patients suffering from fibromyalgia: A qualitative study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 24:1-13. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

c Research Group CTS 451 "Health Sciences" , University of Almeria , Almeria , Spain.

The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how patients with fibromyalgia experienced movement awareness through a basic body awareness therapy group treatment program. A total of 19 participants with fibromyalgia diagnosis were interviewed individually and in groups. Data collection was done from three sources: (1) interviews from the Basic Body Awareness Rating Scale (BARS) part 2 at baseline, at end of treatment, as well as at 12 and 24 weeks follow up; (2) focus group discussions that took place at the end of each session, and at the end of treatment; and (3) an in-depth focus group. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1517286DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Factors influencing people's ability to maintain their activity levels during treatment for soft tissue sarcoma - A qualitative study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 14:1-10. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

a Department of Rehabilitation , The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust , London , UK.

Background And Purpose: Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare connective tissue cancer treated with chemotherapy in the advanced stages. Emerging evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) improves symptom management and quality of life for people undergoing chemotherapy for advanced cancer. However, little research reports their perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1519622DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Patient education in physiotherapy in total hip arthroplasty (THA) - The perspective of physiotherapists.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

a Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences , University of Jyväskylä , Jyväskylä, Finland.

Background And Purpose: There is limited knowledge about patients' and physiotherapists' perceptions of patient education in physiotherapy in hip arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to describe physiotherapists' conceptions of the patient education in physiotherapy needed by patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty.

Methods: The data for this qualitative study were collected using group and individual semi-structured interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1513617DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Rehabilitation for a complex patient following cerebellar hemorrhage and obstructive hydrocephalus: A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

b Department of Physical Therapy Education , Elon University , Elon , NC , USA.

Background And Purpose: Inpatient rehabilitation facilities play an integral role in patient progress post-stroke. Cerebellar hemorrhages are an infrequent type of stroke and are therefore less discussed in the literature; however, inpatient rehabilitation continues to be an integral part of patient recovery. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the physical therapy interventions, challenges, and successes for a complex patient with a large cerebellar hemorrhage with obstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1519007DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Mobilization of the lumbar spine in a 76-year-old male with mechanical low back pain and an abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 10:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

b Rehabilitation Services , Lakeland Regional Health System , St. Joseph , MI , USA.

Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are found in 1-12% of older males. Low back pain (LBP) is prevalent with incidence increasing with age and can respond to manual therapy (MT). To date, the safety of the application of MT for LBP in the presence of a known AAA has not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1511019DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Physical therapy examination and management of a 48-year-old male with vertigo, cephalalgia, and cervicalgia secondary to unilateral vestibular hypofunction.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 10:1-12. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

c Department of Physical Therapy , Angelo State University, Texas Tech University System , San Angelo , TX , USA.

Purpose: This case report presents evidence-based physical therapy assessments and interventions for a patient with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH). UVH is the result of peripheral vestibular dysfunction in the inner ear.

Case Description: The patient was a 48-year-old male with symptoms of dizziness, cephalalgia, and cervicalgia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1517848DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Can movement tests predict injury in elite orienteerers? An 1-year prospective cohort study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology , Care Sciences, and Society (NVS) Division of Physiotherapy , Huddinge , Sweden.

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of the movement test, the nine test screening battery (9TSB) and an orienteering-modified version of the 9TSB (M9TSB), for lower extremity injury in adolescent elite orienteerers. Design Prospective cohort study. Participants Forty adolescent (15-19 years), male and female orienteerers from two Swedish orienteering high schools performed the 9TSB, M9TSB, and recorded injuries based on a web-based questionnaire for 52 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1513106DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Feasibility of an intensive outpatient Perception-Action Approach intervention for children with cerebral palsy: a pilot study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 10:1-16. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health , University of Arizona , Tucson , AZ , USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was (1) to evaluate feasibility of attendance and parent satisfaction with an intensive outpatient physical and occupational therapy program for young children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and (2) to examine changes in motor function.

Methods: Sixteen children with CP, age range 18-36 months (mean 24.3 ± 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1517847DOI Listing
September 2018

Lower-limb muscle strength, static and dynamic postural stabilities, risk of falling and fear of falling in polio survivors and healthy subjects.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences , Centro Universitário Augusto Motta/UNISUAM , Rio de Janeiro , RJ , Brazil.

Introduction: This study investigated the association between preserved lower-limb muscle strength, dynamic and static postural stability, risk of falling, and fear of falling in polio survivors. We also investigated whether these clinical features differ between polio survivors and healthy controls.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study enrolled 16 polio survivors (13 underwent a complete-case analysis) and 12 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1512178DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

The effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications on physical and pulmonary functions: A case-control study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation , Dumlupinar University , Kutahya , Turkey.

Aims: This study was planned to determine the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications on physical and pulmonary functions.

Methods: A total of 110 individuals aged 40-65 years were included in the study, 58 with type 2 DM (study group) and 52 without DM (control group). Physical activity level, functional capacity, pulmonary function, and comorbidity levels were compared between the groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1517198DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Effects of integrating Neurac vibration into a side-lying bridge exercise on a sling in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Sep 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

b Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science , Cheongju University , Cheongju , Chungcheongbuk-do , Republic of Korea.

Purpose: This study examined the effects of integrated Neurac vibration during side-lying bridge exercise using a sling system on pain, strength, and balance in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).

Subjects And Methods: A total of 30 patients were randomly assigned to experimental (EG; n = 15) or control groups (CG; n = 15). Both groups performed side-lying bridge exercise; however, the EG group also received Neurac vibration during exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1513616DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Aged care as a bellwether of future physiotherapy.

Authors:
David A Nicholls

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 24:1-13. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

a School of Public Health and Psychosocial Studies , Auckland University of Technology , Auckland , New Zealand.

Aged care is becoming an increasingly significant feature of health care, but it is not an area physiotherapists have traditionally favored. Aging populations of increasingly chronically ill people represent the most important community of need in health care however, and so physiotherapists risk being marginalized if they do not adapt their practices to meet this growing need. Aged care may therefore represent a testing ground for a new physiotherapy, and the lessons learned in reforming physiotherapy for older adults may extend to all aspects of practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1513105DOI Listing

Personalized adapted locomotor training for an individual with sequelae of West Nile virus infection: a mixed-method case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 23:1-11. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Lyndhurst Centre , Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network , Toronto , ON , Canada.

Background: West Nile virus (WNV) can have severe consequences, including encephalitis and paralysis.

Purpose: To describe the benefits of intensive locomotor training (LT) for an individual with a previous WNV infection resulting in chronic paraplegia.

Case Description: The patient, who became a wheelchair user following standard rehabilitation, began LT 3 years post infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1510450DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Coordination of the rotational movement of the pelvis and the hip in men without low back pain, with control impairment of the lumbopelvic region in the sagittal plane.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 21:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

b Department of Sport and informatics. Biomechanics, Kinesiology and Kinanthropometry Laboratory , Universidad Pablo de Olavide , Sevilla , Spain.

Purpose: To assess the presence of control impairment (CI) of the lumbopelvic region in the axial plane in men without low back pain (LBP) with CI in the sagittal plane.

Methods: Twenty-four males, between 18 and 23 of age, BMI = normal, who did not report episodes of LBP in the 12 months prior to the study, were studied. Assessment of the sagittal control of the lumbopelvic region was performed during stand to sit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1510451DOI Listing

Tibiofemoral joint mobilizations following total knee arthroplasty and manipulation under anesthesia.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 21:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

a Department of Allied Health Sciences: Physical Therapy , University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill , NC , USA.

Study Design: Case report.

Background: The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of tibiofemoral joint mobilizations to improve knee flexion in a patient with arthrofibrosis following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and failed manipulation under anesthesia (MUA).

Case Description: A 62-year-old female presented to physical therapy 15 days after TKA with full knee extension, 45 deg of active knee flexion, 48 deg of passive knee flexion, pain, and a Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) score of 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1510452DOI Listing

Center of pressure-based balance evaluation in individuals with Parkinson's disease: a reliability study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

a Department of Physiotherapy , Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL) , Londrina , Paraná , Brazil.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the test-retest reliability of different balance task outcomes, based on center of pressure (COP) measures in individuals with Parkinson's disease.

Method: In this cross-sectional study, 19 older individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (seven females, 71 ± 7.8 years) performed a set of seven balance tasks on two occasions (a week apart) on an electronic force platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1508261DOI Listing
August 2018
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"What next now that you are sixty?" - Preliminary exploration of the self-reported aspirations of community-dwelling older persons in the Western Cape Province, South Africa within the active aging framework.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

a Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Cape Town , Observatory , Republic of South Africa.

Future aspirations of older persons should interest professionals involved in health promotion services in view of World Health Organization's Active Aging Framework. With the South African government's plan to raise life expectancy to 70 years by 2030, there is likelihood that life expectancy at 60 years will increase. Future aspirations give motivations for living, with short and long-term goals to work toward. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1508262DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

The impact of LSVT BIG therapy on postural control for individuals with Parkinson disease: A case series.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Aug 17:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

a Department of Physical Therapy , Ithaca College - Center for Health Sciences , Ithaca , New York , USA.

Background And Purpose: LSVT BIG therapy may improve motor function and gait in those with early Parkinson disease (PD), but its impact on postural control for those with moderate PD has not been investigated. The purpose of this case series is to describe the impact of LSVT BIG therapy on postural control and gait in three individuals with moderate PD.

Intervention: Three individuals with moderate PD, classified as stage 3 on the Hoehn and Yahr Scale, participated in the LSVT BIG therapy program. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1508260DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Using the ICF framework to evaluate the effects of environmental factors on physical disability among people with diabetes mellitus.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 31:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

a Department of Physiotherapy, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Reabilitação e, Desempenho Funcional , Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, (UFVJM) , Diamantina , Minas Gerais , Brazil.

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the influence of environmental factors on the ICF activity-participation outcome, controlling for body function and personal factor dimensions of 75 diabetes patients.

Method: Outcome measures included questionnaires on musculoskeletal pain (Nordic Questionnaire), physical and environment domains of World Health Organization Quality of Life version BRIEF (WHOQOL-brief) and clinical and personal data. Multiple linear regression with hierarchical entry of variables was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1488191DOI Listing

Facilitation of movement: New perspectives provide expanded insights to guide clinical practice.

Authors:
Britt Normann

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 20:1-10. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health and Care Sciences , University of Tromsø the Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway.

Hands-on therapeutic interactions are essential to neurological physiotherapy. Facilitation of movement is a particular aspect of such interactions that potentiates self-initiation of movement. This process involves interactions between the physiotherapist and the patient through three integrated phases: (1) "make movement possible;" (2) "make movement necessary;" and (3) "let movement happen," in which communicative aspects are considered important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1493165DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Physiological responses during clinical spasticity evaluation in elbow flexors in children with cerebral palsy.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 20:1-10. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a Faculty of Medicine and Health , Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science , Norwegian University of Science and Technology , NTNU, Trondheim , Norway.

Background: The Tardieu test is often used to identify and evaluate the severity of spasticity for clinical decision-making and treatment evaluation in cerebral palsy (CP).

Objective: The study's objective was to gain further insight into the construct validity of clinical spasticity evaluation in children with CP.

Methods: The kinematics and neuromuscular response of the biceps brachii (BB) during passive elbow extension were studied when performing the Tardieu test with its corresponding clinical interpretation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1491079DOI Listing

Beyond the individual: population health and physical therapy.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 18:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

a Physical Therapy Program, School of Health Sciences , Cleveland State University , Cleveland , Ohio , USA.

Improving the health of populations is critical to meeting global health targets. The purpose of this article is to define population health and differentiate it from related concepts and introduce a framework that can be used to inform the population-based practice of physical therapists. The Population-Based Practice (PBP) Framework is modified from the Public Health Nursing Intervention Wheel and can be used to understand levels (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1490364DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Passive stretching-induced changes detected during voluntary muscle contractions.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 17:1-10. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

d Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine , Maltepe University , Istanbul , Turkey.

Stretching exercises are known for reduction of musculoskeletal stiffness and elongation of electromechanical delay (EMD). However, computing a change in stiffness by means of time delays, detected between onset of electromyographic (EMG), mechanomyographic (MMG) and force signals, can reveal changes in subcomponents (Δt EMG-MMG and Δt MMG-FORCE) of EMD after stretching. In our study, the effect of stretching was investigated while quadriceps femoris (QF) muscle performed isometric contractions. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1491660DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Lung management protocols increase the incidence of lung procurement and organ transplantation: A meta-analysis.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 17:1-10. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

a Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Science , Monash University , Frankston , Victoria , Australia.

Background: Improved donor management, including respiratory physiotherapy, may optimize donor suitability and increase successful lung procurement. This review aimed to determine the efficacy of lung management protocols on the incidence of successful lung procurement and transplantation.

Methods: Searches were completed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, PEDRO, and Cochrane Registry of Controlled Clinical Trials, from database inception to March 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1488907DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

The immediate and 1-week effects of mid-thoracic thrust manipulation on lower extremity passive range of motion.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 17:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

d Healthcare Partners , Torrance , CA , USA.

Background: Research suggests that spinal manipulation may effect motion. Less clear is whether this effect is limited to localized responses or may involve generalizable changes.

Objective: To determine whether Mid-thoracic manipulation (MTM) would result in a significant change in the lower extremity passive straight leg raise (PSLR) range of motion immediately and after 1 week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492056DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Hippotherapy in adults with acquired brain injury: A systematic review.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

a Faculty of Health and Medicine , University of Newcastle , Callaghan , NSW , Australia.

Background: Hippotherapy is used to supplement conventional therapy in neurological conditions with evidence supporting its use in pediatric patients. However, evaluation of its merit in adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine if hippotherapy can improve motor function in adults with ABI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1494233DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Defending the art of physical therapy: Expanding inquiry and crafting culture in support of therapeutic alliance.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 17:1-10. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

a School of Physical Therapy , University of Puget Sound , Tacoma , WA , USA.

The successful practice of physical therapy requires a professional culture that places value on the interpersonal relationships that foster healing, and the face time required to build those relationships. Pressures on current practice are not facilitating this approach. The drive for increased productivity, cost effectiveness and ultimately, profit, are changing the landscape in which we practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492656DOI Listing

Effects of in home high dose accelerometer-based feedback on perceived and actual use in participants chronic post-stroke.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 13:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

c Psychology Department , Cleveland State University , Cleveland , OH , USA.

Purpose: To explore the effects of home-based high dose accelerometer-based feedback on (1) perception of paretic upper extremity (UE) use; (2) actual amount of use (AOU); and (3) capability. The secondary purpose was to characterize paretic UE use in the home setting.

Materials And Methods: Prospective experimental pre/post design (trial reg: NCT02995213). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1493759DOI Listing
July 2018
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Association between changes in function among patients with lumbar impairments classified according to the STarT Back Screening Tool and managed by McKenzie credentialed physiotherapists.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

f Providence Rehabilitation Services, Outpatient Therapies , Providence Alaska Medical Center , Anchorage , AK , USA.

Purpose: To examine the association between functional status (FS) scores using a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) for patients with non-specific low back pain classified according to psychosocial risk using the STarT Back Screening Tool and managed by physiotherapists credentialed in McKenzie methods.

Methods: Participants (n = 705) completed FS and STarT surveys at intake and discharge. Prevalence of STarT risk classifications and change in STarT risk was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1490839DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Physiotherapy assessment of individuals with multiple sclerosis prior to a group intervention - A qualitative observational and interview study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

a Department of Health and Care Sciences , University of Tromsø , Tromsø , Norway.

Assessment prior to both individual and group interventions is fundamental to neurological physiotherapy practice. However, knowledge is limited regarding how assessments are carried out, particularly assessments conducted prior to group interventions, which have recently gained increasing attention in clinical research. In this qualitative study, we investigated how physiotherapy assessments of patients with multiple sclerosis prior to a group exercise intervention were carried out and what physiotherapists considered vital elements in the assessment process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1488022DOI Listing
July 2018
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Effects of kinesio taping on neuromuscular performance and pain of individuals affected by patellofemoral pain: A randomized controlled trial.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

a Department of Physiotherapy , Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) , Natal , Brazil.

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most frequent musculoskeletal dysfunctions in the knee and its treatment is controversial. This study analyzed the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) immediately and 72 hours after its application on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) muscle, on the isokinetic performance of the quadriceps femoris and on the pain of subjects with PFP. Fifty-four participants were divided into three groups and performed one of the following protocols: (1) control group (CG)-remained at rest; (2) KT tension group (TG)-KT application with tension in the VMO region; and (3) KT without tension group (WTG)-KT application without tension in the same region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492657DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Bio-Electro-Magnetic-Energy-Regulation (BEMER) for the treatment of type I complex regional pain syndrome: A pilot study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit , Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli , Bologna , Italy.

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Bio-Electro-Magnetic-Energy-Regulation (BEMER) magneto-therapy on pain and functional outcome in complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I). We hypothesized that BEMER therapy, based on its declared effects on microcirculation, could be beneficial in the treatment of this condition.

Methods: This was a randomized controlled double-blind pilot study that included 30 patients with CRPS-I. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09593985.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1491661DOI Listing
July 2018
23 Reads

Postoperative respiratory muscle training in addition to chest physiotherapy after pulmonary resection: A randomized controlled study.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

d Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics , Pamukkale University , Denizli , Turkey.

Purpose: The effects of preoperative respiratory muscle training (RMT) on postoperative complications in patients with pulmonary resection have recently attracted the attention of researchers. More studies are obviously needed to clarify the effects of RMT after pulmonary resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intense RMT in addition to chest physiotherapy after pulmonary resection in terms of respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, and length of hospital stay rather than postoperative complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1488189DOI Listing
July 2018
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Physical therapist decision-making in managing plantar heel pain: cases from a pragmatic randomized clinical trial.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-25. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

d School of Physical Therapy , South College , Knoxville , TN , USA.

Introduction: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is a common condition managed by physical therapists that can, at times, be difficult to treat. Management of PHP is complicated by a variety of pathoanatomic features associated with PHP in addition to several treatment approaches with varying efficacy. Although clinical guidelines and clinical trial data support a general approach to management, the current literature is limited in case-specific descriptions of PHP management that addresses unique combinations of pathoanatomical, physical, and psychosocial factors that are associated with PHP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1490941DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads

Patient perceptions of visual, vestibular, and oculomotor deficits in people with Parkinson's disease.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

a Rehabilitation Sciences Program, School of Medicine , University of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus , Aurora , CO , USA.

Introduction: Disturbances in the visual, vestibular, and oculomotor systems have been identified in Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients' perspectives regarding these symptoms remain unexplored and may provide insights on functional implications of these symptoms and guide future interventions. The goal of this study is to elicit perceptions of individuals with PD with respect to visual, vestibular, and oculomotor deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492055DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Dynamics of cardiorespiratory response during and after the six-minute walk test in patients with heart failure.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

d Department of Cardiovascular Medicine , The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama , Okayama , Japan.

Purpose: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a useful measure to evaluate exercise capacity with a simple method. The kinetics of oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O) throughout constant-load exercise on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) are composed of three phases and the [Formula: see text]O kinetics are delayed in patients with heart failure (HF). This study aimed to investigate the kinetics of the cardiorespiratory response during and after the 6MWT according to exercise capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1489925DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Management of a nonathlete with a traumatic groin strain and osteitis pubis using manual therapy and therapeutic exercise: A case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Jul 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

c Rush University Medical Center , Chicago , IL , USA.

Introduction: Without a definitive single pathoanatomical origin for groin pain, management is difficult. The purpose of this case report is to describe the differential diagnosis and management of an individual with a traumatic groin strain.

Case Description: A 47-year-old sedentary male truck driver presented to physical therapy with a 2-month history of right medial groin pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1492658DOI Listing
July 2018
18 Reads