167,856 results match your criteria Physiotherapy [Journal]


A retrospective audit of an elderly rehabilitation service. How effective are we?

Ir Med J 2018 09 10;111(8):810. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Medicine for the Elderly Department, St Mary’s Hospital, Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland.

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September 2018

An observation of massive lumbar disc prolapse.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):583-587

The Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation, Oswestry, Shropshire, UK.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether massive lumbar disc herniations (LDH) can be managed safely with non-operative treatment. Whilst most LDH are treated successfully with analgesia and physiotherapy, there is little literature regarding the treatment of massive LDH. Their impressive size raises the suspicion that they may cause cauda equina syndrome and are therefore often treated surgically. Read More

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September 2018
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Comparison between intra-articular platelet-rich plasma injection versus hydrocortisone with local anesthetic injections in temporomandibular disorders: A double-blind study.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;9(2):205-208

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Introduction: Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) is subjected to many disorders commonly called Temperomandibular disorders (TMDs); such as TMJ hypermobility, ankylosis, internal derangement, degenerative joint disease. Internal derangement is characterized by abnormal relationship of articular disc to the condyle and disc to fossa. In past many non-invasive conservative treatment modalities were tried out for its treatment which are joint unloading, use of anti-inflammatory agents, physiotherapy etc. Read More

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December 2018

PEDro searching has improved over time: A comparison of search commands from two six-month periods three years apart.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Jan 26;121:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: In 2014-2015, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) was searched poorly by users; few search commands used sophisticated features and ∼20% contained errors. To improve the quality of PEDro searches, users now receive error messages when using incorrect search commands and have access to video tutorials.

Objectives: To determine whether search quality has improved since error messages and tutorials were implemented; and evaluate the content of PEDro searches. Read More

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January 2019

Interventions for behaviour change and self-management in stroke secondary prevention: protocol for an overview of reviews.

Syst Rev 2018 Dec 13;7(1):231. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.

Background: Stroke secondary prevention guidelines recommend medication prescription and adherence, active education and behavioural counselling regarding lifestyle risk factors. To impact on recurrent vascular events, positive behaviour/s must be adopted and sustained as a lifestyle choice, requiring theoretically informed behaviour change and self-management interventions. A growing number of systematic reviews have addressed complex interventions in stroke secondary prevention. Read More

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December 2018

Reduced vision-related quality of life in people living with dystonia.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 13:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

e School of Psychology, University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.

Purpose: Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder with negative impact on function and quality of life. It is currently unclear whether vision-related quality of life is affected. The aim of this study was to determine whether vision-related quality of life is reduced by dystonia. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Change of Direction Speed Performance and Asymmetries between Team-Sport Athletes: Application of Change of Direction Deficit.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Directorate of Sport, Exercise & Physiotherapy, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK.

The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine differences in change of direction (COD) performance and asymmetries between team-sports while considering the effects of sex and sport; (2) to evaluate the relationship between linear speed, COD completion time, and COD deficit. A total of 115 (56 males, 59 females) athletes active in cricket, soccer, netball, and basketball performed the 505 for both left and right limbs and a 10-m sprint test. All team-sports displayed directional dominance (i. Read More

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December 2018

The Effects of Mind-Body Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Elderly: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 9;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.

: As the situation of cognitive aging is getting worse, preventing or treating cognitive decline through effective strategies is highly important. This systematic review aims to investigate whether mind-body exercise is an effective approach for treating cognition decline. : Searches for the potential studies were performed on the eight electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, PsycArtilces, CNKI, and Wanfang). Read More

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December 2018

Bayesian adjustment for trend of colorectal cancer incidence in misclassified registering across Iranian provinces.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0199273. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Misclassification error is a common problem of cancer registries in developing countries that leads to biased cancer rates. The purpose of this research is to use Bayesian method for correcting misclassification in registered cancer incidence of eighteen provinces in Iran. Incidence data of patients with colorectal cancer were extracted from Iranian annual of national cancer registration reports from 2005 to 2008. Read More

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December 2018

Supervised physiotherapy leads to a better return to physical activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Intensive Cardiac Therapy Clinic, Department of Invasive Cardiology and Electrocardiology, Medical University, Lodz, Poland.

Background: The main goal of rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is to return to functional and sports activity at a preinjury level. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of supervised (SU) versus non-supervised (NS) rehabilitation protocols after ACLR on the return to sports activity and quality of life of amateur athletes.

Methods: The study included a total of 50 patients after ACLR, with 25 in the SU group and 25 in the NS group. Read More

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December 2018

[Rehabilitation after reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament].

MMW Fortschr Med 2018 Dec;160(21-22):69-71

Abteilung für Sportorthopädie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Str. 22, D-81675, München, Deutschland.

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December 2018

Effect of a home-based exercise program on functional mobility and quality of life in elderly people: protocol of a single-blind, randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2018 Dec 12;19(1):684. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Bahia School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Background: Elderly people have high rates of functional decline, which compromises independence, self-confidence, and quality of life (QoL). Physical exercise leads to significant improvements in strength, balance, functional mobility, and QoL, but there is still reduced access to this therapeutic strategy due to difficulties in locomotion to training centers or lack of adaptation to the exercise environment.

Methods/design: The purpose of this clinical trial will be to verify the effect of a progressive and semi-supervised, home-based exercise program on the functional mobility, and in the QoL of sedentary elderly people. Read More

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December 2018

Feasibility of trial procedures for a randomised controlled trial of a community based group exercise intervention for falls prevention for visually impaired older people: the VIOLET study.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 12;18(1):307. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: Visually impaired older people (VIOP) have a higher risk of falling than their sighted peers, and are likely to avoid physical activity. The aim was to adapt the existing Falls Management Exercise (FaME) programme for VIOP, delivered in the community, and to investigate the feasibility of conducting a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) of this adapted intervention.

Methods: Two-centre randomised mixed methods pilot trial and economic evaluation of the adapted group-based FaME programme for VIOP versus usual care. Read More

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December 2018

Mouthguard Use and Cardiopulmonary Capacity - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med Int Open 2017 Aug 15;1(5):E172-E182. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to determine the effects of the use of mouthguards (MGs) on cardiopulmonary capacity in athletes (oxygen uptake: VO max, and minute ventilation: VE max). Seven electronic databases and reference lists of relevant papers were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared the cardiopulmonary capacity in athletes with and without the use of an MG. The risk of bias tool of the Cochrane Collaboration was used for quality assessment. Read More

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Prevalence and Costs of Complementary and Alternative Medicine among Traumatic Patients in Iran: A Nationwide Population-based Study.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1558-1566

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence, predictors and cost of CAM practitioner use among traumatic patients in Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional household survey of a nationally representative sample of Iranians 15 to 64 yr old was conducted in 2011, using a three-stage cluster sampling. Short Form Injury Questionnaire 7 (SFIQ7) was utilized through face-to-face interviews and data on demographics, history of injuries, mechanism, site and type of injury, type and place of the treatment were attained. Read More

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October 2018

Implementing a theory-based intradialytic exercise programme in practice: a quality improvement project.

Clin Kidney J 2018 Dec 5;11(6):832-840. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Leicester Kidney Exercise Team, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation and John Walls Renal Unit, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK.

Background: Research evidence outlines the benefits of intradialytic exercise (IDE), yet implementation into practice has been slow, ostensibly due to a lack of patient and staff engagement. The aim of this quality improvement project was to improve patient outcomes via the introduction of an IDE programme, evaluate patient uptake and sustainability and enhance the engagement of routine haemodialysis (HD) staff with the delivery of the IDE programme.

Methods: We developed and refined an IDE programme, including interventions designed to increase patient and staff engagement that were based on the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), using a series of 'Plan, Do, Study, Act' (PDSA) cycles. Read More

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December 2018

Perturbation-Based Balance Training to Improve Step Quality in the Chronic Phase After Stroke: A Proof-of-Concept Study.

Front Neurol 2018 22;9:980. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Rehabilitation, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

People with stroke often have impaired stepping responses following balance perturbations, which increases their risk of falling. Computer-controlled movable platforms are promising tools for delivering perturbation-based balance training under safe and standardized circumstances. This proof-of-concept study aimed to identify whether a 5-week perturbation-based balance training program on a movable platform improves reactive step quality in people with chronic stroke. Read More

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November 2018

Does a 2-Week Sexual Health in Rehabilitation Course Lead to Sustained Change in Students' Attitudes?-A Pilot Study.

Sex Disabil 2018 22;36(4):417-435. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

7School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.

This pilot study aimed to explore if healthcare professional students participating in a 2-week elective course, Sexual Health in Rehabilitation (SHR), led to significant and sustained change in experienced competence and attitudes towards addressing sexual health in their future professions, when measured with the Students' Attitudes towards Sexual Health-Danish version (SA-SH-D). Comparison-group design, using the SA-SH-D at baseline, after the 2 weeks course and 3 months after completing the course. Participation in the SHR course significantly changed the students' attitudes; decreasing their fears of offending the patients and increasing their feelings of comfort in communicating about sexual health, and the results sustained during the follow-up period of 3 months. Read More

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October 2018

Preoperative range of motion and applications of continuous passive motion predict outcomes after knee arthroplasty in patients with arthritis.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purpose: This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of continuous passive motion (CPM) following knee arthroplasty and determined the predictors of effect sizes of range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes in patients with knee arthritis.

Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), without publication year or language restrictions. The included RCTs were analyzed through meta-analysis and risk of bias assessment. Read More

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December 2018

Is Pelvic Floor sEMG a Measure of Women's Sexual Response?

J Sex Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Women's Health Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Introduction: Pelvic floor surface electromyography (sEMG) is often used in the assessment and treatment of individuals with pelvic floor abnormalities to measure muscle tone and neural control of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM); however, little is known about the role of the PFM in sexual arousal.

Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to examine whether changes in deep and superficial PFM activity-assessed with sEMG-can be observed during the presentation of sexual stimuli.

Methods: Deep PFM sEMG activity was assessed with a vaginal probe. Read More

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December 2018

Reprint of: Healthy Weight and Obesity Prevention: JACC Health Promotion Series.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(23 Pt B):3027-3052

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Overweight and obesity have reached epidemic levels in the United States and worldwide, and this has contributed to substantial cardiovascular and other health risks. However, controversy exists concerning the causes of obesity and effective modalities for its prevention and treatment. There is also controversy related to the concept of metabolically healthy obesity phenotype, the "obesity paradox," and on the importance of fitness to protect individuals who are overweight or obese from cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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December 2018

Validity of Mobile-Based Technology vs Direct Observation in Measuring Number of Steps and Distance Walked in 6 Minutes.

Mayo Clin Proc 2018 Dec;93(12):1873-1874

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India; Department of Cardiology/Medicine, Austin Health, Faculty of Medicine; Dentistry & Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Lung hyperinflation and functional exercise capacity in patients with COPD - a three-year longitudinal study.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Dec 6;18(1):187. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Health and Functioning, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Inndalsveien 28, 5063, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Lung hyperinflation contributes to dyspnea, morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The inspiratory-to-total lung capacity (IC/TLC) ratio is a measure of lung hyperinflation and is associated with exercise intolerance. However, knowledge of its effect on longitudinal change in the 6-min walk distance (6MWD) in patients with COPD is scarce. Read More

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December 2018

Can a patient-focussed bookings approach reduce patient non-attendance in postnatal and continence physiotherapy?

J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Innovation and Improvement, Monash Health, Clayton, Australia.

Background: There are unique life-stage and psychosocial barriers to attendance for women referred for postnatal and continence physiotherapy. These barriers affect access to care, clinic utilization and patient waiting lists. In a patient-focused bookings system, the patient is invited to contact the health service to book their appointment at a time and day that suits them, increasing patient choice and engagement in the booking process. Read More

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December 2018

Physiotherapy practice patterns in gait rehabilitation for adults with acquired brain injury.

Brain Inj 2018 Dec 12:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Department of Physical Therapy , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.

Objective: Gait dysfunction is common following acquired brain injury (ABI). Clinical practice guidelines can improve patient outcomes; however, information regarding ABI-specific management of gait dysfunction is limited. This study aimed to describe practice patterns of Canadian physiotherapists regarding gait rehabilitation in adults post-ABI. Read More

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December 2018

The Awareness of the Fascial System.

Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3397. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Osteopathy, (SOFI) School of French-Italian Osteopathy, Pisa, ITA.

Fascia is a cacophony of functions and information, a completely adaptable entropy complex. The fascial system has a solid and a liquid component, acting in a perfect symbiotic synchrony. Each cell communicates with the other cells by sending and receiving signals; this concept is a part of quantum physics and it is known as quantum entanglement: a physical system cannot be described individually, but only as a juxtaposition of multiple systems, where the measurement of a quantity determines the value for other systems. Read More

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October 2018

Evidence-Based Practice in Primary Care Occupational Therapy: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Sweden.

Occup Ther Int 2018 28;2018:5376764. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Introduction: Understanding of attitudes, knowledge, and behaviour related to evidence-based practice (EBP) and guidelines in Swedish occupational therapy is limited. The study aims were to investigate attitudes, knowledge, and behaviour related to evidence-based practice and guidelines of Swedish occupational therapists in primary care.

Methods: A web-based survey of 94 Swedish primary care occupational therapists (response rate 53. Read More

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October 2018

The impact of sarcopenic obesity on inflammation, lean body mass, and muscle strength in elderly women.

Int J Gen Med 2018 22;11:443-449. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia (UCB), Brasilia, Brazil,

Objective: The objective of this study was to apply the newly standardized definition for sarcopenia from the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) and the current definition for obesity to 1) determine the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity (SO) in obese elderly women; 2) compare the muscle strength, lean body mass, and markers of inflammation between obese elderly women with SO and nonsarcopenic obesity (NSO), and 3) elucidate the relationship between appendicular lean mass adjusted for body mass index (aLM/BMI) with muscle strength, lean body mass, and obesity indices.

Methods: A total of 64 elderly obese women (age: 68.35±6. Read More

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November 2018

Deceleration characteristics of elite Australian male field hockey players during an Olympic tournament.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Australia.

Objectives: This study described the deceleration efforts of the Australian men's field hockey team during the 2016 Olympics by categorising efforts into 'bands' of intensity; and comparing the deceleration intensity and frequency by player position, game period and opponent.

Design: Descriptive retrospective analysis.

Methods: Global positioning system sensors (MinimaxX S4, Catapult Sports Pty. Read More

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November 2018

A three-dimensional scapular motion analysis in patients with arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair of the shoulder: The effect of scapular stabilization taping.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the scapular kinematics during dynamic humeral movements in patients with arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair of the shoulder along with the potential biomechanical corrective effects of scapular stabilization taping.

Methods: Twenty patients with unilateral traumatic anterior shoulder instability and arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair participated in the study. Dynamic shoulder kinematics were assessed during the scapular plane shoulder elevation for both the operated and non operated shoulders and also under two conditions: no-taping and taping. Read More

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December 2018

Examining self-defining memories and aggression in a sample of criminal offenders.

Memory 2018 Dec 11:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

d Department of Psychology , University of Castilla - La Mancha , Albacete , Spain.

Self-defining memories (SDMs) are a type of autobiographical memory that people use as a narrative way to explain their self-identity. We sought to examine the relationships between SDMs, aggression, and criminality in a sample of men, 18-64 years of age, recruited in Spain. The sample included three groups: incarcerated criminal offenders with mental illness, incarcerated criminal offenders without mental illness, and healthy community controls. Read More

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December 2018

Questionnaires for knee instability assessment in people with anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review of original questionnaires and their translated versions.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

c Department of Community and Allied Health , La Trobe University , Bendigo , Australia.

Purpose: To verify the quality of questionnaires/scales regarding knee instability caused by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency and their translated versions.

Materials And Methods: Searches were conducted on Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Cinahl, and SportDiscuss. The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of Health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) scale was used to assess the article's quality; and the measurement properties of each questionnaire/scale were also analysed. Read More

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December 2018

Brain structure and neurological and behavioural functioning in infants born preterm.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Aim: To examine: (1) relationships between brain structure, and concurrently assessed neurological and behavioural functioning, in infants born preterm at term-equivalent age (TEA; approximately 38-44wks); and (2) whether brain structure-function relationships differ between infants born very (24-29wks) and moderate-late (32-36wks) preterm.

Method: A total of 257 infants (91 very preterm, 166 moderate-late preterm; 120 males, 137 females) had structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurological and behavioural assessments (Prechtl's general movements assessment, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale [NNNS] and Hammersmith Neonatal Neurological Examination [HNNE]). Two hundred and sixty-three infants (90 very preterm, 173 moderate-late preterm; 131 males, 132 females) had diffusion MRI and assessments. Read More

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December 2018
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Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.

Purpose: People with severe mental ill health (SMI) are less physically active and more sedentary than the general population. There is limited research investigating the correlates of physical activity (PA) in people with SMI impeding the development of successful interventions. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with regular participation of PA among a large sample of people with SMI. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot: Correlations, Reliability, and Accuracy in People With a Low Arch.

Phys Ther 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Espinardo Campus, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Background: The medial longitudinal arch of the foot is a variable structure, and a decrease in its height could affect several functions and increase the risk of injuries in the lower limbs. There are many different techniques for evaluating it.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlations of the Navicular Drop Test, several footprint parameters, and the Foot Posture Index-6 in people with a low medial longitudinal arch. Read More

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December 2018

The utility and validity of pain intensity rating scales for use in developing countries.

Pain Rep 2018 Sep-Oct;3(5):e672. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Introduction: Pain intensity is the domain most often assessed in pain research. Although the Numerical Rating Scale is recommended for use in western countries, the utility and validity of this scale, relative to others, has not been established in non-western developing countries, such as Nepal.

Objectives: Here, we sought to (1) identify which of 4 commonly used pain scales is most preferred by Nepalese, (2) compare error rates, (3) determine whether preference and error rates are influenced by age or education level, and (4) evaluate construct validity of each scale using factor analysis. Read More

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August 2018
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The Bhubaneswar Declaration on Sports Endocrinology, 2018.

Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Nov;22(Suppl 1):S14-S16

Department of Endocrinology, MP Shah Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Sports and endocrinology are complex interrelated disciplines. Sports and exercise modulate endocrine and metabolic health, and are used to prevent and manage disease. Endocrine and metabolic function influence participation and performance in sports activity. Read More

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November 2018
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SUPRASPINATUS TENDON PATHOMECHANICS: A CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW.

Authors:
Guido Spargoli

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1083-1094

Background And Purpose: Tendinopathy of the supraspinatus muscle is a frequent cause of shoulder pain. Although it is a common condition, the pathophysiology is not fully understood. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to provide an overview of the pathophysiology of supraspinatus tendinopathy and discuss the conservative treatment solutions. Read More

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December 2018

It's Harder to Push, When I Have to Push Hard-Physical Exertion and Fatigue Changes Reasoning and Decision-Making on Hypothetical Moral Dilemmas in Males.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 23;12:268. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Despite the prevalence of physical exertion and fatigue during military, firefighting and disaster medicine operations, sports or even daily life, their acute effects on moral reasoning and moral decision-making have never been systematically investigated. To test the effects of physical exertion on moral reasoning and moral decision-making, we administered a moral dilemma task to 32 male participants during a moderate or high intensity cycling intervention. Participants in the high intensity cycling group tended to show more non-utilitarian reasoning and more non-utilitarian decision-making on impersonal but not on personal dilemmas than participants in the moderate intensity cycling group. Read More

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November 2018

Perspectives of Older Adults on Aging Well: A Focus Group Study.

J Aging Res 2018 4;2018:9858252. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: With increasing number of older adults worldwide, promoting health and well-being becomes a priority for aging well. Well-being and physical and mental health are closely related, and this relation may become more vital at older ages as it may contribute to aging well. The state of well-being is a multifaceted phenomenon that refers to an individual's subjective feelings, and exploring perspectives of older adults on aging well is developing to be an important area of research. Read More

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November 2018
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Regional differences in the profile of disabled community-dwelling older adults: A European population-based cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0208946. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Health Sciences of Manresa, University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia, Manresa, Spain.

The main objective of this work was to estimate the prevalence of disability in European community-dwelling older adults, as well as to investigate differences in the profile of disabled older adults between European regions (Northern, Central, Eastern and Southern). A cross-sectional study based on wave 6 (2015) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) was conducted. Community-dwelling participants aged 65-84 were selected (n = 33,369). Read More

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December 2018
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A placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of massaging on infantile colic using a random-effects joint model.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2018 16;9:157-163. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Infantile colic viewed as a non-dangerous prevalent issue could lead to stress in parents and long-term negative consequences in ex-colicky children. Researchers have not been successful in finding a certain treatment for colic symptoms. Studies suggest completely different approaches as its treatment. Read More

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November 2018
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The effectiveness of virtual reality training in reducing the risk of falls among elderly people.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 14;13:2329-2338. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland.

Background: Virtual reality (VR) training using modern game consoles is an innovative rehabilitation method for fall-prone elderly people. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of VR training using the "Xbox 360 Kinect" in people over 60 years of age.

Materials And Methods: The study involved 23 people, including 19 women and 4 men (mean age 75. Read More

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November 2018

Validation of Marathi Version of Stroke-specific Quality of Life.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):290-293

Department of Neurophysiotherapy, DVVPF'S College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Background And Purpose: One of the most important patient-centered outcomes in patients with stroke is quality of life. Apart from physical affection, stroke affects cognitive, emotional language along with social functioning. Stroke-specific quality of life (SSQOL) is a measure to assess the quality of life in patients with stroke. Read More

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December 2018

Infraclavicular catheter as an aid to physiotherapy in postoperative patients of elbow ankylosis.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Nov;62(11):913-914

Department of Anaesthesia, Seth G S Medical College and KEMH, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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November 2018

The disabling consequences of Mycetoma.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 10;12(12):e0007019. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Mycetoma is a neglected tropical disease endemic in tropical and subtropical countries, particularly Sudan. The disease is characterised by the triad of painless subcutaneous mass, multiple sinuses and discharge that contain grains. It is a chronic, debilitating disease most commonly affecting the feet or hands and leads to substantial morbidity, loss of function and even amputation. Read More

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December 2018
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Ketamine Versus Midazolam for Depression Relapse Prevention Following Successful Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.

J ECT 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centre for Support and Training in Analysis and Research, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objective: Depression relapse after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is common (40% at 6 months). Ketamine has a robust antidepressant effect, but there are no reported studies of ketamine for depression relapse prevention. This pilot trial (NCT02414932) was designed to assess feasibility of the proposed trial protocol, including examining reasons for nonrecruitment, nonrandomization, and dropout. Read More

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December 2018

Factors Associated With Responsiveness to Gait and Balance Training in People With Parkinson Disease.

J Neurol Phys Ther 2019 Jan;43(1):42-49

Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (N.L., D.C., C.J., B.L., M.H., E.F.); Function Area Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Allied Health Professionals Function, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (N.L., D.C., B.L., M.H., E.F.); Community Health Sciences Faculty, Physiotherapy Department, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa (C.J.); and Stockholms Sjukhem, R&D Unit, Stockholm, Sweden (E.F., B.L.).

Background And Purpose: Although increasing evidence supports the benefit- of exercise among people with Parkinson disease (PwPD), it is unclear whether a given exercise modality suits all PwPD, given the heterogeneity of the disease. The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with responsiveness to a highly challenging training intervention that incorporated dual-task exercises.

Methods: Forty-seven PwPD (mean age: 73 years; 19 females, Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3) who had participated in 10 weeks of highly challenging gait and balance training were included. Read More

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January 2019

Effect of an mHealth Intervention to Improve Health Literacy in Immigrant Populations: A Quasi-experimental Study.

Comput Inform Nurs 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Author Affiliations: Departments of Nursing and Physiotherapy (Drs Fernández-Gutiérrez and Bas-Sarmiento), Faculty of Nursing, University of Cadiz; and Valora Prevention Ltd (Dr Poza-Méndez), Cádiz, Spain.

Health literacy is a social determinant of the basic health of populations and is especially important to enhancing and developing the empowerment of migrant populations. To evaluate the effectiveness of an mHealth intervention to improve the cognitive and social skills that enable migrants to access and use health services, we developed a quasi-experimental design to encompass a single group of enrolled immigrants (N = 93). They completed preintervention and postintervention questionnaires of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire, the self-created questionnaire HL-APP-Q14 (Health Literacy App Questionnaire), and a practical simulation test. Read More

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December 2018

A therapeutic exercise program improves pain and physical dimension of health-related quality of life in young adults. A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Member of the Psychosocial Intervention and Functional Rehabilitation Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medicine and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of A Coruña, A Coruña Campus, 15071 A Coruña, Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise therapy program on pain and physical dimension of health-related quality of life for young adults with musculoskeletal pain.

Design: Randomized controlled single-blind trial. Fifty-seven subjects (58% women) were randomly assigned to experimental (n=28; 21. Read More

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December 2018
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