2,691 results match your criteria Physiologist [Journal]


Point of Care Echocardiography in an Irish Critical Care Unit

Ir Med J 2018 09 10;111(8):800. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Consultant Intensivist, Mater Misercordiae University Hospital, Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland

Aims We sought to evaluate the clinical impact of a 6 month transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) teaching programme in a critical care unit. Methods An observational single centre study. Four critical care doctors, 2 fellows and 2 consultants were trained to use TTE. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Paired surveys for patients and physiologists in echocardiography: a single centre experience.

Echo Res Pract 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

G Collins, Cardiology, Whipps Cross University Hospital, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) highlights the importance of patient questionnaires as part of the quality improvement process, To this end, we implemented a novel system whereby paired surveys were completed by patients and physiologists for transthoracic echocardiography scans, allowing for parallel comparison of the experiences of service providers and end users. Anonymised questionnaires were completed for each scan by the patient and physiologist for outpatient echocardiographic scans in a teaching hospital. In 26% of the responses, patient found the scans at least slightly painful, and in 24% of scans physiologists were in discomfort. Read More

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December 2018

Body, Brain, Life for Cognitive Decline (BBL-CD): protocol for a multidomain dementia risk reduction randomized controlled trial for subjective cognitive decline and mild cognitive impairment.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 21;13:2397-2406. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia,

Background: With no cure for dementia and the number of people living with the condition predicted to rapidly rise, there is an urgent need for dementia risk reduction and prevention interventions. Modifiable lifestyle risk factors have been identified as playing a major role in the development of dementia; hence, interventions addressing these risk factors represent a significant opportunity to reduce the number of people developing dementia. Relatively few interventions have been trialed in older participants with cognitive decline (secondary prevention). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Aldehydes identified in commercially available ω-3 supplements via 1 H NMR spectroscopy.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 11;60:74-79. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Independent physiologist and nutritionist, Mapua, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality globally. Studies have suggested that supplementary ω-3 oils may provide cardiovascular protection, although the literature is equivocal. Recently, it has been established that many commercially available ω-3 supplements are unacceptably oxidized, leading to myriad potential health risks. Read More

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October 2018

The muscular sense in Russia: I. M. Sechenov and materialist realism.

Authors:
Roger Smith

J Hist Behav Sci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Contemporary Russian sensory physiology and psychology uses the notion of a "dark sense," referring to the background of bodily sensation, especially of the position and movement of the body. The physiologist Ivan Sechenov introduced this language in the 1860s in the context of arguing for a physiological basis for scientific psychology. The muscular sense (the term preceding modern notions of kinaesthesia and proprioception) thereafter featured in the many talks and journal articles he presented to spread scientific enlightenment. Read More

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December 2018

Exercise physiology in aged care: Perceptions and acceptability from the perspectives of family members and care staff in the residential aged care environment.

Dementia (London) 2018 Nov 29:1471301218816246. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University of South Australia, Australia; NHMRC Cognitive Decline Partnership Centre, University of Sydney, Australia.

As we age, maintaining physical functionality is important with respect to wellbeing and healthy ageing. For older adults with dementia this may be difficult, particularly in the residential aged care environment. This article reports the qualitative examination of an Exercise Physiologist-delivered exercise programme for residents with dementia. Read More

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November 2018

Exercise as 'precision medicine' for insulin resistance and its progression to type 2 diabetes: a research review.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 23;10:21. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, Babcock 10th Floor, Suite 1020, New York, 10025 New York USA.

Type 2 diabetes and obesity epidemics are in effect in the United States and the two pathologies are linked. In accordance with the growing appreciation that 'exercise is medicine,' it is intuitive to suggest that exercise can play an important role in the prevention and/or treatment of these conditions. However, if exercise is to truly be considered as a viable alternative to conventional healthcare prevention/treatment strategies involving pharmaceuticals, it must be prescribed with similar scrutiny. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

An exerciSe program to improve depression And sleep Disorders in oncology patients: The SAD study.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2018 Dec 17;37:19-22. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

University of the Pacific, Mathematics Department, Stockton, CA, 95204, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a structured supervised outpatient exercise program specifically for cancer patients would be associated with improvements in insomnia and depression after attending for 10-weeks.

Design: Descriptive observational study.

Sample And Setting: 75 adult subjects attended an outpatient hospital based exercise program specifically for cancer patients and coordinated by an exercise physiologist and a physical therapist. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The feasibility, acceptability and outcomes of exergaming among individuals with cancer: a systematic review.

BMC Cancer 2018 Nov 21;18(1):1151. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

School of Health and Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BX, UK.

Background: Individuals with cancer have reduced quality of life, functionality, range of motion, strength, and an increase in pain and fatigue. Exergaming appears to be an effective rehabilitation tool for Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and post-stroke patients to improve functionality, balance and quality of life; however, the usefulness of exergaming in individuals with cancer is unknown. The aim of this systematic review is to describe exergaming interventions delivered to adults with a current or previous cancer diagnosis and to report the feasibility, acceptability and outcomes of such interventions. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
3.362 Impact Factor

Exercise medicine for the management of androgen deprivation therapy-related side effects in prostate cancer.

Urol Oncol 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Exercise Medicine Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is associated with considerable adverse side effects which compromise the health and wellbeing of many men with prostate cancer. Exercise has been identified as a therapy to help manage ADT-related treatment toxicities. This paper systematically reviews the scientific literature investigating the impact of exercise on men receiving ADT and discusses strategies to effectively implement exercise in clinical practice. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

A supportive care intervention for people with metastatic melanoma being treated with immunotherapy: a pilot study assessing feasibility, perceived benefit, and acceptability.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Centre for Medical Psychology and Evidence-Based Decision-Making, School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: Increasing numbers of metastatic melanoma (MM) patients are receiving immunotherapy treatment, including pembrolizumab, and the impact on their well-being is underexplored.

Objectives: To assess the feasibility of a multimodal supportive care program to MM patients being treated with pembrolizumab.

Methods: This pre-post-test feasibility cohort study recruited MM participants treated with pembrolizumab: (i) supportive care intervention with usual care and (ii) usual care. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

General practitioner referrals to exercise physiologists during routine practice: A prospective study.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Oct 21. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Family Medicine Research Centre, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia; Menzies Centre for Health Policy, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Physical activity is essential in the primary and secondary prevention of several chronic diseases and should be a standard component of clinical care. The aims of this study were to examine the trends and characteristics of referrals to exercise physiologists in routine care in a nationally representative sample of general practitioners (GPs) in Australia.

Design: This prospective study was an analysis of Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) GP data from April 2009 to March 2016. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Professor Li-Pin. King: a famous physiologist in China.

Protein Cell 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, 321004, China.

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October 2018

Use of medicines and health services for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among a cohort of Australians over 50 years.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018;13:3085-3093. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia,

Background: It is not known if the medicines and services for COPD are used in Australia according to the COPD-X guideline. This study examined the use of medicines and health services for COPD among an Australian cohort to determine if they were consistent with recommendations.

Methods: The administrative claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs were used and included persons aged ≥50 years who were using medicines for COPD in April 2016. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Self-reported physical activity levels of the 2017 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) conference delegates and their exercise referral practices.

J Ment Health 2018 Oct 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

b School of Psychiatry , UNSW Sydney , Australia.

Background: Physical activity (PA) significantly improves physical health and clinical symptoms across mental disorders. Accredited Exercise Physiologists (AEPs) are trained to lead PA interventions for people with mental illness, but referrals to AEPs are low.

Aims: To determine the knowledge and attitudes of delegates attending the 2017 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) conference toward physical health monitoring and exercise interventions for people with mental illness. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Safety and efficacy of physiologist-led dobutamine stress echocardiography

Echo Res Pract 2018 12 1;5(4):E9-E10. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

Dr Porter in his editorial comment (1) on a physiologist-led stress echo service (2) acknowledges that the service was safe in terms of adverse effects but is concerned that ‘the interpretation of the study was also done by the cardiac physiologist’. He reminds us ‘that the biggest danger associated with dobutamine stress echocardiography is in misinterpreting the data obtained…’. Read More

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December 2018

Safety and efficacy of physiologist-led dobutamine stress echocardiography: experience from a tertiary cardiac centre

Echo Res Pract 2018 Sep 1;5(3):105-112. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Cardiology, Heart and Lung Centre, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK

Background: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) services have traditionally been medically led. In some UK institutions, DSE lists are led by physiologists with medical support. In our tertiary cardiac centre at New Cross Hospital (NCH), the DSE service was established by a consultant echocardiographer. Read More

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September 2018

A physiologist observing and reporting supra-pharmacologic dobutamine stress testing: can we trust them, and can we trust the results?

Authors:
Thomas R Porter

Echo Res Pract 2018 09 1;5(3):E7-E8. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

In a study, published in this issue of Echo Research and Practice, Ntoskas et al. retrospectively analyzed the safety of a cardiac physiologist performing, and interpreting, Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in of 300 patients undergoing DSE for the detection of inducible reversible ischemia, myocardial viability and valvular heart disease. While safety during the tests themselves did not appear to be compromised with this unsupervised approach, the interpretation of these DSEs causes concerns regarding broad patient safety relative to misread results. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Early contribution of Alexandria medical school to the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the nervous system.

Authors:
J M S Pearce

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2018 Oct 4. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, 304, Beverley Road Anlaby, East Yorks, HU10 7BG, England, UK. Electronic address:

Alexandria's famous medical school was established about 300 BC. It was the seat of learning for many Greco-Roman physicians. The physiologist Erasistratus, the anatomist Herophilus - named the Father of Anatomy were outstanding pioneers. Read More

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October 2018

Equity of a government subsidised exercise referral scheme: A population study.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Nov 15;216:20-25. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group (USQ PALs), Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, Australia.

Background: Health inequities could increase if utilisation of physical activity interventions is lower among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups. We examined associations between area level socioeconomic disadvantage and utilisation of Australian government-subsidised, general practitioner (GP)-referred, accredited exercise physiologist (AEPs) services.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of Australian Medical Benefits Scheme (MBS) data (N = 228,771 AEP services) for the 2015-2016 financial year and aggregated publicly available data from several sources. Read More

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November 2018

The type and pain provoking nature of exercise prescribed for low back pain: A survey of Australian health professionals.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 12 17;38:37-45. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Western Sydney University, School of Science and Health, NSW 2560, Australia; Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, ACT, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: To explore the type of exercise prescribed by Australian health professionals for LBP, and whether the exercises prescribed are pain-free or into pain.

Methods: A survey of physiotherapists and exercise physiologists was conducted from all states/territories in Australia. The survey contained two chronic LBP vignettes with different pain mechanisms (dominant nociceptive or central sensitisation pain) and one acute LBP vignette. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Krogh's principle for musculoskeletal physiology and pathology.

Authors:
Seth W Donahue

J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2018 Sep;18(3):284-291

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, USA.

August Krogh was a comparative physiologist who used frogs, guinea pigs, cats, dogs, and horses in his research that led to his Nobel Prize on muscle physiology. His idea to choose the most relevant organism to study problems in physiology has become known as Krogh's principle. Indeed, many important discoveries in physiology have been made using naturally occurring animal models. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

The social networks of New Zealand patients with multimorbidity and the work of those nominated as their 'significant supporters': An exploratory study.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Sep 2. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

School of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

Social networks are informal relationships often with social ties and voluntary or mandatory obligations that can positively support a patient with multimorbidity. This exploratory study sought insights into the social networks of New Zealand people with multimorbidity and also the work of those nominated as providing significant support. Ten participants were recruited from general practice as part of an education programme in which health professional students discussed living with multimorbidity and completed a social network template together with patients. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

In the name of science: the conceptual and ideological background of Charles Richet's eugenics.

Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2018 Aug;25(suppl 1):125-144

Professor, Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali/Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia. Modena - Emilia-Romagna - Italy.

The French physiologist and Nobel Prize winner Charles Richet was the author of an impressive quantity of writings, including novels and poetry. He was an out-and-out eugenicist, convinced that "intentional, conscious, scientific, and methodical" selection could achieve "any result, provided we have enough patience." He believed that the quantitative and qualitative growth of the population was of vital importance for France. Read More

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White Matter Status of Participants in Altitude Chamber Research and Training.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Sep;89(9):777-786

Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans of U.S. Air Force (USAF) altitude workers show increased white matter hyperintensities (WMH) that appear related to decompression stress. Read More

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September 2018
15 Reads

A physiologist observing and reporting supra-pharmacologic dobutamine stress testing: can we trust them, and can we trust the results?

Authors:
Thomas R Porter

Echo Res Pract 2018 Sep 10;5(3):E7-E8. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA

In a study, published in this issue of , Ntoskas retrospectively analyzed the safety of a cardiac physiologist performing, and interpreting, Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in of 300 patients undergoing DSE for the detection of inducible reversible ischemia, myocardial viability and valvular heart disease. While safety during the tests themselves did not appear to be compromised with this unsupervised approach, the interpretation of these DSEs causes concerns regarding broad patient safety relative to misread results. Read More

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September 2018

Reducing the burden of dizziness in middle-aged and older people: A multifactorial, tailored, single-blind randomized controlled trial.

PLoS Med 2018 Jul 24;15(7):e1002620. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Dizziness is common among older people and is associated with a cascade of debilitating symptoms, such as reduced quality of life, depression, and falls. The multifactorial aetiology of dizziness is a major barrier to establishing a clear diagnosis and offering effective therapeutic interventions. Only a few multidisciplinary interventions of dizziness have been conducted to date, all of a pilot nature and none tailoring the intervention to the specific causes of dizziness. Read More

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Michel Jouvet: an explorer of dreams and a great storyteller.

Sleep Med 2018 Sep 6;49:4-9. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

INSERM/UCBL-U628, Physiologie intégrée du système d'éveil, Lyon, France.

In the late 50s Michel Jouvet discovered the presence of muscle atonia during REM sleep in cats and created the first model of REM sleep behavior disorder. He built and led in Lyon, France, the "Laboratory of Molecular Dream Science" (a merry oxymoron to silently protest against the research policy of favoring molecular biology over physiology), where in the late 80s, you could cross people who had worked on sleep in the python, tench fish, tortoise, iguana, hen, lamb, mouse, rat and cat. This brilliant physiologist was also a great storyteller with a very good sense of humor. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

A physiologist observing and reporting supraphysiologic dobutamine stress testing.

Authors:
Thomas R Porter

Echo Res Pract 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Porter T R, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

In a study, published in this issue of Echo Research and Practice, Ntoskas et al. retrospectively analyzed the safety of a cardiac physiologist performing, and interpreting, DSEs in of 300 patients undergoing DSE for the detection of inducible reversible ischemia, myocardial viability, and valvular heart disease. While safety during the tests themselves did not appear to be compromised with this unsupervised approach, the interpretation of these DSEs causes concerns regarding broad patient safety relative to misread results. Read More

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An investigation of the process of change in psychopathology and exercise during inpatient treatment for adults with longstanding eating disorders.

J Eat Disord 2018 1;6:15. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Research Institute and Department of Eating Disorders, Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Vikersund, Norway.

Background: Excessive exercise is recognized as a predictor of poor outcome in eating disorders. However, little is known about how excessive exercise might affect the treatment process. The aim of this study was to describe process of weekly changes in eating disorder psychopathology, general psychopathology and exercise, and the possible interactive effects of excessive exercise on these changes during inpatient treatment of longstanding eating disorders. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Safety and efficacy of physiologist-led dobutamine stress echocardiography: experience from a tertiary cardiac centre.

Echo Res Pract 2018 Jul 4. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Ntoskas T, Department of Cardiology, Heart and Lund Centre, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK.

Background: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) services have traditionally been medically led. In some UK institutions DSE lists are led by physiologists with medical support. In our tertiary cardiac centre at New Cross Hospital (NCH), the DSE service was established by a consultant echocardiographer. Read More

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John Denis McGarry, PhD: A Remembrance of a Master Metabolic Physiologist.

Diabetes Care 2018 07;41(7):1330-1336

Sarah W. Stedman Nutrition and Metabolism Center, Duke Molecular Physiology Institute, and Departments of Pharmacology & Cancer Biology and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC

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July 2018
14 Reads

Telemedicine-Based Health Coaching Is Effective for Inducing Weight Loss and Improving Metabolic Markers.

Telemed J E Health 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

2 Department of Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico , Albuquerque, New Mexico .

Background: To assess the efficacy of health coaching (HC) delivered through videoconferencing (VC) to favorably change physical activity (PA), weight, and metabolic markers in adults with high body mass index (BMI).

Materials And Methods: Thirty adults (BMI ≥30 kg/m) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: VC, in-person (IP), or control group (CG). Participants received wireless watches and weight scales to sync with their personal smartphones; recorded data were wirelessly uploaded to a secure database. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Dorothy Wolff: A Pioneer in Otopathology.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Aug 8;159(2):315-319. Epub 2018 May 8.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Dorothy Wolff, PhD, was an inspirational anatomist, pathologist, auditory physiologist, and surgical innovator. Though little known, she worked throughout the mid-20th century in the midst of a revolution in otologic surgery, influencing well-known otologists such as Julius Lempert, MD, Phillip E. Meltzer, MD, and Richard Bellucci, MD. Read More

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A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Intensive Nutrition Intervention Versus Standard Nutrition Care to Avoid Excess Weight Gain After Kidney Transplantation: The INTENT Trial.

J Ren Nutr 2018 Sep 2;28(5):340-351. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Renal Medicine, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Objective: Excessive weight gain is common after kidney transplantation and increases cardiovascular risk. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intensive nutrition and exercise intervention delivered alongside routine post-transplant care would reduce post-transplant weight gain.

Design: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Read More

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September 2018

Rediscovery of Otto Frank's contribution to science.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Jun 1;119:96-103. Epub 2018 May 1.

International Institute for Theoretical Cardiology IIfTC, Kiel, Germany.

In the late 19th century, German physiologist Otto Frank (1865-1944) embarked on a near life-long research program of laying down the mathematical, methodological, and theoretical foundations in order to understand and define the performance of the heart and circulatory system in all their complexity. The existence of the "Frank-Starling law" testifies to this. Two of his seminal publications have been translated into English previously, introducing Frank's research on the dynamics of the heart and the arterial pulse to a wider audience. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Clinical Oncology Society of Australia position statement on exercise in cancer care.

Med J Aust 2018 Aug 7;209(4):184-187. Epub 2018 May 7.

Macarthur Cancer Therapy Centre, South Western Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW.

Introduction: Clinical research has established exercise as a safe and effective intervention to counteract the adverse physical and psychological effects of cancer and its treatment. This article summarises the position of the Clinical Oncology Society of Australia (COSA) on the role of exercise in cancer care, taking into account the strengths and limitations of the evidence base. It provides guidance for all health professionals involved in the care of people with cancer about integrating exercise into routine cancer care. Read More

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August 2018
10 Reads

Employee Perceptions of Workplace Health Promotion Programs: Comparison of a Tailored, Semi-Tailored, and Standardized Approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 04 28;15(5). Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Wesley Medical Research, Auchenflower QLD 4066, Australia.

In the design of workplace health promotion programs (WHPPs), employee perceptions represent an integral variable which is predicted to translate into rate of user engagement (i.e., participation) and program loyalty. Read More

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Clinical Obesity Services in Public Hospitals in Australia: a position statement based on expert consensus.

Clin Obes 2018 Jun 23;8(3):203-210. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

We aimed to describe the current state of specialist obesity services for adults with clinically severe obesity in public hospitals in Australia, and to analyse the gap in resources based on expert consensus. We conducted two surveys to collect information about current and required specialist obesity services and resources using open-ended questionnaires. Organizational level data were sought from clinician expert representatives of specialist obesity services across Australia in 2017. Read More

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Walter B. Cannon's World War I experience: treatment of traumatic shock then and now.

Authors:
Kathy L Ryan

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Jun;42(2):267-276

U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

Walter B. Cannon (1871-1945), perhaps America's preeminent physiologist, volunteered for service with the Army Expeditionary Force (AEF) during World War I. He initially served with Base Hospital No. Read More

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New technologies to uncover the molecular basis of disorders of sex development.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Jun 13;468:60-69. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Center for Genetic Medicine Research, Children's National Health System, Children's Research Institute, Washington, DC, 20010, USA. Electronic address:

The elegant developmental biology experiments conducted in the 1940s by French physiologist Alfred Jost demonstrated that the sexual phenotype of a mammalian embryo depended whether the embryonic gonad develops into a testis or not. In humans, anomalies in the processes that regulate development of chromosomal, gonadal or anatomic sex result in a spectrum of conditions termed Disorders/Differences of Sex Development (DSD). Each of these conditions is rare, and understanding of their genetic etiology is still incomplete. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Paul D. Sturkie: Avian cardiac physiologist.

Poult Sci 2018 Jun;97(6):2203-2206

Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901.

Sturkie's Avian Physiology is a highly regarded textbook for the study of comparative poultry physiology. Less well known, however, is the contribution of Paul D. Sturkie (1909-2002) as a pioneer in the experimental physiology of avian species. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

VITAL change for mums: a feasibility study investigating tailored nutrition and exercise care delivered by video-consultations for women 3-12 months postpartum.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Jun 15;31(3):337-348. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Professor John H. Coote 1936-2017. Cardiovascular physiologist and mountaineer.

Authors:
David J Paterson

J Physiol 2018 Mar;596(6):959-960

Department of Physiology Anatomy and Genetics, Parks Road, Oxford, UK.

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Agroclimatology and Wheat Production: Coping with Climate Change.

Front Plant Sci 2018 20;9:224. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Supervisory Plant Physiologist and Research Associate, National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, IA, United States.

Cereal production around the world is critical to the food supply for the human population. Crop productivity is primarily determined by a combination of temperature and precipitation because temperatures have to be in the range for plant growth and precipitation has to supply crop water requirements for a given environment. The question is often asked about the changes in productivity and what we can expect in the future and we evaluated the causes for variation in historical annual statewide wheat grain yields in Oklahoma, Kansas, and North Dakota across the Great Plains of United States. Read More

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February 2018

Enhancing Spiritually Based Care Through Gratitude Practices: A Health-Care Improvement Project.

Creat Nurs 2018 Feb;24(1):42-51

Background: Addressing spirituality in health care is important as it improves health outcomes; however, several provider barriers exist to providing spiritually based care. Local problem: A chart audit at a multidisciplinary wellness center serving a population with chronic mental health problems identified a need to improve the number of spiritually based interventions provided to clients by the nurse practitioner.

Design: A quasi-experimental design and pre- and post-test questionnaire were used to measure outcomes including the number of spiritually based interventions and provider attitudes. Read More

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February 2018

Female Athlete Triad/Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport: A Perspective Interview With Professor Barbara Drinkwater.

Authors:
Susan Carter

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2018 Jul 7;28(4):332-334. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

1 Rocky Vista University.

Barbara Drinkwater has been a lifelong champion of equality for women in many areas of life well before it was widely accepted. Her "walking the walk" of women breaking barriers in traditional male roles in administration and leadership is exemplified by her election as the first woman president of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1988. Some of the controversial areas in which Barbara was vocal in the arena of women in sport, besides triad/relative energy deficiency in sport, include increased opportunity and participation, total equality, acceptance of diversity, intolerance of harassment and abuse, and fairness with transgender athletes. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads