2,087,798 results match your criteria Physical review. E Statistical nonlinear and soft matter physics[Journal]


Factors Influencing Motor Outcome of Hippotherapy in Children with Cerebral Palsy.

Neuropediatrics 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective:  This study was aimed to identify individual factors influencing the gross motor outcome of hippotherapy in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods:  One hundred and forty-six children with CP (mean age: 5.78 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1685526DOI Listing

What is the combined effect of intense intermittent exercise and Ginkgo biloba plant on the brain neurotrophic factors levels, and learning and memory in young rats?

Pharmacol Rep 2019 Feb 12;71(3):503-508. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Physical Education, School of Medicine, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of intense intermittent exercise and Ginkgo biloba on the hippocampal levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) and also memory and learning in young rats.

Methods: Forty two eight-week-old rats were randomly divided into six groups including control, low dose of Ginkgo biloba (65 mg/kg), high dose of Ginkgo biloba (100 mg/kg), exercise, exercise + low dose of Ginkgo biloba, exercise + high dose of Ginkgo biloba. The exercise protocol or Ginkgo biloba administration was six days a week for six weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pharep.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Minimising the use of physical restraint in acute mental health services: The outcome of a restraint reduction programme ('REsTRAIN YOURSELF').

Int J Nurs Stud 2019 Mar 28;95:40-48. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

University of Liverpool, United Kingdom; Broset Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Norway.

Background: Physical restraint is a coercive intervention used to prevent individuals from harming themselves or others. However, serious adverse effects have been reported. Minimising the use of restraint requires a multimodal approach to target both organisational and individual factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.03.016DOI Listing

The value of manure - Manure as co-product in life cycle assessment.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 19;241:293-304. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Innovation Center for U.S. Dairy, USA.

Livestock production is important for food security, nutrition, and landscape maintenance, but it is associated with several environmental impacts. To assess the risk and benefits arising from livestock production, transparent and robust indicators are required, such as those offered by life cycle assessment. A central question in such approaches is how environmental burden is allocated to livestock products and to manure that is re-used for agricultural production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.059DOI Listing

Inertial measurement unit compared to an optical motion capturing system in post-stroke individuals with foot-drop syndrome.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Nîmes University Hospital, Le Grau du Roi, France.

Background: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can be used for compensation of foot-drop for post-stroke individuals by preprogrammed fixed stimulation; however, this stimulation seems no more effective than mechanical ankle foot orthoses.

Objective: We evaluated the metrological quality of inertial sensors for movement reconstruction as compared with the gold-standard motion capturing system, to couple FES with inertial sensors to improve dorsiflexion on the paretic side, by using an adaptive stimulation taking into account individuals' performance post-stroke.

Methods: Adults with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke presenting foot-drop and able to walk 10 m, were included from May 2016 to June 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18770657193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Utility of MRI Results in Physician Decision Making Prior to Initial Lumbar Spinal Injection.

Spine J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

University of Colorado Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 12631 E. 17th Avenue, Mail Stop F493, Academic Office 1 (AO1), Room 2510, Aurora, Colorado 80045, US.

Background Context: The need for advanced imaging prior to spinal intervention is an area of ongoing debate. Many studies have demonstrated the accuracy of MRI results in evaluating structural pathology in the lumbar spine, but few have addressed how frequently MRI findings change clinical management. A randomized controlled trial showed that viewing MRI results did not impact outcomes in patients with radiculopathy undergoing epidural steroid injection (ESI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2019.04.016DOI Listing

The European cross-border health data exchange roadmap: case study in the Italian setting.

J Biomed Inform 2019 Apr 19:103183. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Insitute of Cristallography - CNR, Rome, Italy.

Health data exchange is a major challenge due to the sensitive information and the privacy issues entailed. Considering the European context, in which health data must be exchanged between different European Union (EU) Member States, each having a different national regulatory framework as well as different national healthcare system structures/organizations, the challenge is even greater. Europe has tried to address this challenge by launching in 2008, the epSOS ("Smart Open Services for European Patients") project, which was a European large-scale pilot on cross-border sharing of specific health data and services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103183DOI Listing

Laparoscopic Surgery in Chronic Mesenteric Ischaemia: Release of the Superior Mesenteric Artery from the Median Arcuate Ligament using the Transperitoneal Left Retrorenal Approach.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Hôpital Bichat, and SURVI (Structure d'URgences Vasculaires Intestinales), Intestinal Stroke Center, Groupe Hospitalier Universitaire Paris Nord Val de Seine (GHUPNVS), Faculté de Médecine Denis Diderot, Paris 7, France.

Median arcuate ligament (MAL) syndrome usually involves the celiac artery (CA) only. Far less frequently, both the CA and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) are compressed, leading to chronic mesenteric ischaemia. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with a 4-year history of permanent nausea, postprandial abdominal pain and asthenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2019.01.009DOI Listing

Genetic status of indigenous poultry (red jungle fowl) from India.

Gene 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Biotechnology, Assam University, Silchar, Assam Pin-788011, India; University of Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal Pin-741235, India. Electronic address:

The global biodiversity of domesticated red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) is gradually eroding by replacement with commercial poultry breeds and results loss of valuable genetic and physical traits like resistance to disease, extreme environment, etc. posing a threat to the poultry genetic resources. Very fewer reports exist on Indian poultry diversity, especially native chicken of India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.04.051DOI Listing

Genome-wide annotation and comparative analysis of cuticular protein genes in the noctuid pest Spodoptera litura.

Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Biological Science Research Center, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Sericultural Science, Chongqing Engineering and Technology Research Center for Novel Silk Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China. Electronic address:

Insect cuticle is considered an adaptable and versatile building material with roles in the construction and function of exoskeleton. Its physical properties are varied, as the biological requirements differ among diverse structures and change during the life cycle of the insect. Although the bulk of cuticle consists basically of cuticular proteins (CPs) associated with chitin, the degree of cuticular sclerotization is an important factor in determining its physical properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.04.012DOI Listing

Computer-designed active human butyrylcholinesterase double mutant with a new catalytic triad.

Chem Biol Interact 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Kazan Federal University, Neuropharmacology Laboratory, Kremlevskaya Str, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia. Electronic address:

A computer-designed mutant of human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), N322E/E325G, with a novel catalytic triad was made. The catalytic triad of the wild-type enzyme (S198·H438·E325) was replaced by S198·H438·N322E in silico. Molecular dynamics for 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2019.04.019DOI Listing

Three-dimensionally printed template for percutaneous localization of multiple lung nodules.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: When multiple target lung nodules exist, the CT-guided percutaneous localization procedure becomes complicated. In this study, we designed a three-dimensionally (3D) printed template which can guide hookwire localization of multiple lung nodules. And the pilot study aims to preliminarily validate the feasibility of template-guided localization for multiple lesions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00034975193056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.03.060DOI Listing
April 2019
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Validation and interpretation of short form 12 and comparison with dermatology life quality index in atopic dermatitis in adults.

J Invest Dermatol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR.

Quality of life (QOL) assessments are not standardized in atopic dermatitis (AD). We sought to determine the validity of Short-Form 12 (SF-12), a generic QOL assessment, in AD and compare its measurement properties with Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). A cross-sectional, population-based study of 3495 adults was performed, including 602 that met a modified UK Working Party Criteria for AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2019.03.1152DOI Listing

Co-spray-dried urea cross-linked hyaluronic acid and sodium ascorbyl phosphate as novel inhalable dry powder formulation.

J Pharm Sci 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Respiratory Technology, Woolcock Institute of Medical Research and Discipline of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, 431 Glebe Point Road, Glebe, NSW 2037, Australia. Electronic address:

The pathogenesis and progression of several lung disorders is propagated by inflammatory and oxidative processes which can be controlled by adjunctive inhaled therapies. The present study aimed to develop an inhalable dry powder formulation consisting of co-spray-dried urea-crosslinked hyaluronic acid and sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SD HA-CL - SAP), a novel combination which was recently shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and wound healing properties. Native HA and SAP were co-spray dried (SD HA - SAP) and evaluated as control formulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2019.04.015DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Artificial Neural Network Learns Clinical Assessment of Spasticity in Modified Ashworth Scale.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To propose an artificial intelligence (AI)-based decision-making rule in modified Ashworth scale (MAS) that draws maximum agreement from multiple human raters and to analyze how various biomechanical parameters affect scores in MAS.

Design: Prospective observational study SETTING: Two university hospitals PARTICIPANTS: Hemiplegic adults with elbow flexor spasticity due to acquired brain injury INTERVENTION: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 28 rehabilitation doctors and occupational therapists examined MAS of elbow flexors in 34 subjects with hemiplegia due to acquired brain injury while the MAS score and biomechanical data (i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.016DOI Listing

Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial to Address Balance Deficits after Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Research, Craig Hospital, Englewood CO.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of an in-home 12-week PT intervention that utilized a virtual reality (VR) gaming system to improve balance in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Setting: Home-based exercise program (HEP).

Participants: Sixty-three individuals (traditional HEP N= 32; VR N= 31) at least 1 year post-TBI, ambulating independently within the home, not currently receiving physical therapy services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.015DOI Listing

Tissue Clearing and Its Application to Bone and Dental Tissues.

J Dent Res 2019 Apr 22:22034519844510. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 Department of Restorative Sciences, School of Dentistry, Texas A&M University, Dallas, TX, USA.

Opaqueness of animal tissue can be attributed mostly to light absorption and light scattering. In most noncleared tissue samples, confocal images can be acquired at no more than a 100-µm depth. Tissue-clearing techniques have emerged in recent years in the neuroscience field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034519844510DOI Listing

A Facial-Action Imposter: How Head Tilt Influences Perceptions of Dominance From a Neutral Face.

Psychol Sci 2019 Apr 22:956797619838762. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia.

Research on face perception tends to focus on facial morphology and the activation of facial muscles while ignoring any impact of head position. We raise questions about this approach by demonstrating that head movements can dramatically shift the appearance of the face to shape social judgments without engaging facial musculature. In five studies (total N = 1,517), we found that when eye gaze was directed forward, tilting one's head downward (compared with a neutral angle) increased perceptions of dominance, and this effect was due to the illusory appearance of lowered and V-shaped eyebrows caused by a downward head tilt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797619838762DOI Listing

Aerobic exercise improves food reward systems in obese rats via insulin signalling regulation of dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

The dopaminergic pathway, comprising projections from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens, constitutes the core of the brain reward system. Insufficient food reward caused by dopamine signalling dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens is an important contributor to obesity and may be associated with insulin signalling. Aerobic exercise has a positive effect both on preventing and treating obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.9b00022DOI Listing

Fluorine-free Superhydrophobic and Conductive Rubber Composite with Outstanding Deicing Performance for Highly Sensitive and Stretchable Strain Sensors.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Conductive polymer composite (CPC) based strain sensor due to its light weight, tunable electrical conductivity and easy processing has promising application in wearable electronics. However, it is still challenging to develop the CPC strain sensors with excellent stretchability, sensitivity, durability, anti-corrosion and deicing performance. Herein, a facile method is proposed to prepare fluorine-free superhydrophobic and highly conductive rubber composite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b03545DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Controllable Growth of Centimeter-Sized 2D Perovskite Heterostructures for Highly Narrow Dual-Band Photodetectors.

ACS Nano 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Heterostructures consisting of 2D layered perovskites are expected to exhibit interesting physical phenomena inaccessible to the single 2D perovskites and can greatly extend their functionalities for electronic and optoelectronic applications. Herein, we develop a solution method to synthesize (C4H9NH3)2PbI4/(C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)Pb2I7 heterostructures with centimeter size, high phase purity, controllable thickness and junction depth, high crystalline quality and great stability for highly narrow dual-band photodetectors. On the basis of the different lattice constant, solubility and growth rate between (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 and (C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)Pb2I7, the designed synthetic method allows to first grow the (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 at the water-air interface and subsequently the (C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)Pb2I7 layer is formed via diffusion process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b00259DOI Listing

Cancer-related fatigue stratification system based on patient-reported outcomes and objective outcomes: A cancer-related fatigue ambulatory index.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0215662. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Malaga, Málaga, Spain.

Although breast cancer mortality is decreasing, morbidity following treatment remains a significant issue, as patients face symptoms such as cancer-related fatigue (CRF). The aim of the present study is to develop a classification system that monitors fatigue via integration of an objective clinical assessment with patient self-report. Forty-three women participated in this research. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215662PLOS

Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry demonstrates better reliability than segmental body composition analysis in college-aged students.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0215599. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Application Centre BALUO, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is rapidly becoming more accessible and popular as a technique to monitor body composition. The reliability of DXA has been examined extensively using a number of different methodological approaches. This study sets up to investigate the accuracy of measuring the parameters of body composition (BC) by means of the whole-body and the segmental DXA method analysis with the typical error of measurement (TEM) that allows for expressing the error in the units of measure. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215599PLOS
April 2019
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The spatial epidemiology of leprosy in Kenya: A retrospective study.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 22;13(4):e0007329. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

National Tuberculosis Leprosy and Lung Disease Program, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Leprosy elimination defined as a registered prevalence rate of less than 1 case per 10,000 persons was achieved in Kenya at the national level in 1989. However, there are still pockets of leprosy in some counties where late diagnosis and consequent physical disability persist. The epidemiology of leprosy in Kenya for the period 2012 through to 2015 was defined using spatial methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007329DOI Listing

In-season internal and external training load quantification of an elite European soccer team.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0209393. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Research Centre in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal.

Elite soccer teams that participate in European competitions need to have players in the best physical and psychological status possible to play matches. As a consequence of congestive schedule, controlling the training load (TL) and thus the level of effort and fatigue of players to reach higher performances during the matches is therefore critical. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to provide the first report of seasonal internal and external training load that included Hooper Index (HI) scores in elite soccer players during an in-season period. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209393PLOS

Predicting Loading Intensity Measuring Velocity in Barbell Hip Thrust Exercise.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Exercise and Sports Science, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia.

de Hoyo, M, Núñez, FJ, Sañudo, B, Gonzalo-Skok, O, Muñoz-López, A, Romero-Boza, S, Otero-Esquina, C, Sánchez, H, and Nimphius, S. Predicting loading intensity measuring velocity in barbell hip thrust exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The barbell hip thrust is an increasingly used exercise to target the hip extensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003159DOI Listing

Acute Effect of Drop-Set, Traditional, and Pyramidal Systems in Resistance Training on Neuromuscular Performance in Trained Adults.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Graduate Program in Physical Education of Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Paraíba, Brazil.

Costa, BDV, Ferreira, MEC, Gantois, P, Kassiano, W, Paes, ST, de Lima-Júnior, D, Cyrino, ES, and Fortes, LS. Acute effect of drop-set, traditional, and pyramidal systems in resistance training on neuromuscular performance in trained adults. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The aim of this study was to analyze the acute effects of resistance training (RT) systems on lower- and upper-limb performance in trained adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003150DOI Listing

Transference Effect of Short-Term Optimum Power Load Training on the Punching Impact of Elite Boxers.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Loturco, I, Pereira, LA, Kobal, R, Fernandes, V, Reis, VP, Romano, F, Alves, M, Freitas, TT, and McGuigan, M. Transference effect of short-term optimum power load training on the punching impact of elite boxers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study examined the changes in bench press (BP), jump squat (JS), and half-squat (HS) power outputs induced by a short-term (1 week) training scheme based on the optimum power load (OPL) applied to national boxing athletes and measured the transference effect coefficient (TEC) of these exercises on punching impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003165DOI Listing

Interlimb Asymmetries in Youth Tennis Players: Relationships With Performance.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University School of Health and Sport (EUSES), University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

Madruga-Parera, M, Bishop, C, Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, A, Beltran-Valls, MR, Gonzalo-Skok, O, and Romero-Rodríguez, D. Interlimb asymmetries in youth tennis players: relationships with performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Change of direction speed (CODS) has been highlighted as a critical component of tennis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003152DOI Listing

Comparing Biomechanical Time Series Data During the Hang-Power Clean and Jump Shrug.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Carroll University, Waukesha, Wisconsin.

Kipp, K, Comfort, P, and Suchomel, TJ. Comparing biomechanical time series data during the hang-power clean and jump shrug. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in the force-, velocity-, displacement-, and power-time curves during the hang-power clean (HPC) and the jump shrug (JS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003154DOI Listing

Comparison of Physical Fitness and Anthropometrical Profiles Among Brazilian Female Soccer National Teams From U15 to Senior Categories.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Federal University of Minas Gerais, School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Ramos, GP, Nakamura, FY, Penna, EM, Mendes, TT, Mahseredjian, F, Lima, AM, Garcia, ES, Prado, LS, and Coimbra, CC. Comparison of physical fitness and anthropometrical profiles among Brazilian female soccer national teams from U15 to senior categories. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study aimed to compare anthropometric and physical fitness of Brazilian female national team soccer players from the U15 to senior categories, and to compare the physical performance between selected and nonselected players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003140DOI Listing

Blood Flow Restriction Does Not Attenuate Short-Term Detraining-Induced Muscle Size and Strength Losses After Resistance Training With Blood Flow Restriction.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Physical Education, Strength Training Study and Research Group, Institute of Health Sciences, Paulista University, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Teixeira, EL, de Salles Painelli, V, Silva-Batista, C, de Souza Barros, T, Longo, AR, Lasevicius, T, Schoenfeld, BJ, Aihara, AY, and de Almeida Peres, B. Blood flow restriction does not attenuate short-term detraining-induced muscle size and strength losses after resistance training with blood flow restriction. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-After a short-term resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR), we investigated the effects of 12 days of detraining (DET), without an exercise stimulus, on quadriceps cross-sectional area (QCSA) and muscle strength (1 repetition maximum [1RM]), with 1 leg receiving daily intermittent BFR during DET vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003148DOI Listing

Exercise-Intensity Adherence During Aerobic Training and Cardiovascular Response During Resistance Training in Cancer Survivors.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

GIAFyS Cancer Foundation, Miranda de Ebro, Burgos, Spain.

Quevedo-Jerez, K, Gil-Rey, E, Maldonado-Martín, S, and Herrero-Román, F. Exercise-intensity adherence during aerobic training and cardiovascular response during resistance training in cancer survivors. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Combined aerobic-resistance training has shown the best benefits has proved beneficial for cancer survivors (CS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003144DOI Listing

Alexithymia in individuals with chronic pain and its relation to pain intensity, physical interference, depression, and anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pain 2019 May;160(5):994-1006

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Numerous studies have examined how alexithymia (difficulty identifying and describing one's emotions and a preference for externally oriented thinking) relates to chronic pain and associated disability. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize individual studies that either assessed alexithymia in individuals with chronic pain vs controls or related alexithymia to pain intensity, physical interference, depression, and anxiety. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO from inception through June 2017; 77 studies met the criteria (valid assessment of alexithymia in adults or children with any chronic pain condition) and were included in analyses (n = 8019 individuals with chronic pain). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001487DOI Listing

Prognostic significance of locally invaded sites and tissue types in patients with nasal extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma: a single-center, retrospective analysis.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Key Laboratory of Head and Neck Molecular Pathological Diagnosis, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.

Background: Extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal-type, is an aggressive entity within the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid tumors. The International Prognostic Index (IPI) is reported to be prognostically meaningful for ENKTL, but lacks discriminatory power for stage I/II ENKTL with extensive local invasion. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effects of local invasion by site and tissue type in patients with ENKTL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000263DOI Listing
January 2019

Lesion Localization of Poststroke Lateropulsion.

Stroke 2019 May;50(5):1067-1073

Iowa Neuroimaging and Noninvasive Brain Stimulation Laboratory, Departments of Pediatrics, Neurology & Psychiatry, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City (F.M.A., A.D.B.).

Background and Purpose- Hemispheric stroke studies associating lateropulsion (pusher syndrome) with the location of brain lesions have had mixed results from small, unmatched samples. This study was designed to determine whether lateropulsion localizes to specific brain regions across patients with stroke using a case-control design. Methods- Fifty patients with lateropulsion after stroke were matched with 50 stroke patients without lateropulsion using age, time since onset of stroke, admission motor Functional Independence Measure score, lesion side, and gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023445DOI Listing

Identification and Management of Lymphedema in Patients With Breast Cancer.

J Oncol Pract 2019 Apr 22:JOP1800141. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE.

Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a potentially debilitating and often irreversible complication of breast cancer treatment. Risk of BCRL is proportional to the extent of axillary surgery and radiation. Other risk factors include obesity and infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JOP.18.00141DOI Listing

Guidelines for Implementing a Low-Cost Volunteer Desexing Skills Training Program for Veterinary and Veterinary Technology Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Although desexing surgeries are considered a core clinical skill for small animal veterinary practice, it can be challenging for veterinary schools to provide students with adequate training opportunities in the traditional curriculum. At the Massey University School of Veterinary Science, we recently established an innovative extracurricular volunteer program designed to have students teaching other students how to perform different elements of desexing procedures as they progress through their degree. This program includes administrative and assistant roles for first-year students (responsible for client communication, patient restraint, and medical record keeping), physical exam and recovery roles for second-year students (responsible for assessing patient fitness for surgery, drawing up anesthetic drugs, and monitoring patients in recovery), anesthesia and neuter surgeon roles for third-year students (responsible for inducing, preparing, and monitoring spay patients and performing cat neuter surgeries), and spay surgeon roles for fourth- and fifth-year students (responsible for performing cat spay surgeries, discharging patients, and following up with clients to monitor recovery). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0418-047r1DOI Listing

Quality Assurance Sampling Plans in US Stockpiles for Personal Protective Equipment.

Health Secur 2019 Mar/Apr;17(2):140-151

Patrick L. Yorio, PhD, is a Health Statistician, and Dana R. Rottach, PhD, is a Physical Scientist; both at the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pittsburgh, PA. Mitchell Dubaniewicz is a student researcher, Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, and was on assignment with CDC/NIOSH/NPPTL.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) stockpiles in the United States were established to facilitate rapid deployment of medical assets to sites affected by public health emergencies. Large quantities of PPE were introduced into US stockpiles because of the need to protect healthcare and other professionals during these events. Because most stockpiled PPE was acquired during, or immediately following, large-scale public health events, such as pandemic influenza planning (2005-20080), SARS (2003), H1N1 (2009-10), and Ebola (2014-15), aging PPE poses a significant problem. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/hs.2018.0133
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/hs.2018.0133DOI Listing
April 2019
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Development of a Biobank from a Legacy Collection in Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia: Proposed Approach for Centralized Biobank Development in Low-Resource Institutions.

Biopreserv Biobank 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

2 Biobank Development Team, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada (FK-KMK UGM), Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

The establishment of a biobank requires specific expertise along with relatively expensive infrastructure and appropriate technology. This causes certain challenges in biobank implementation for research in low-middle-income countries. Biobank development with established specimens and data collection (legacy collection) was an approach used in the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bio.2018.0125DOI Listing

Balance Training in Virtual Reality Promotes Performance Improvement but not Transfer to Postural Control in People with Chronic Stroke.

Games Health J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

2 Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

In people with chronic stroke, we investigated the transfer of gains obtained after balance training with virtual reality (VR) to an untrained task with similar balance demands. This study included 29 people with chronic stroke randomized into two groups: experimental (EG,  = 16) and control (CG,  = 13). The EG performed three sessions of balance training with VR using a platform-based videogame (Nintendo Wii Fit system™) for 1 week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2018.0075DOI Listing

Physiological Factors Which Influence Cognitive Performance in Military Personnel.

Hum Factors 2019 Apr 22:18720819841757. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

University of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objective: To identify and detail physiological factors that influence cognition in military personnel.

Background: Maintenance of cognitive and task performance is important under several scenarios, none more so than in a military context. Personnel are prepared for and trained to tolerate many of the stressors they encounter; however, consideration of stressors typically extends only as far as the physical, psychological, and environmental requirements of a given task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720819841757DOI Listing

Structures, Single-Molecule Magnets, and Fluorescent Properties of Four Dinuclear Lanthanide Complexes Based on 4-Azotriazolyl-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic Acid.

Inorg Chem 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory for Environmentally Functional Materials and Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Guangzhou University , Guangzhou 510006 , P. R. China.

Four isostructural dinuclear lanthanide complexes based on 4-azotriazolyl-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (HATNA) and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (HNA) ligands, {[Ln(HATNA)(HNA)(HO)]·6DMF} (Ln = Dy (1), Tb (2), Sm (3), Eu (4); DMF = N, N-dimethylformamide) have been prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction crystallography, dc/ac magnetic characterization, and fluorescent spectrometry. The crystallographic data reveal dinuclear lanthanide cores of complexes 1-4, bridged by phenoxo and μ carboxyl groups. Each nine-coordinated Ln(III) ion is located in a slightly distorted monocapped square antiprism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00260DOI Listing

Cross-Correlative Single-Cell Analysis Reveals Biological Mechanisms of Nanoparticle Radiosensitization.

ACS Nano 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Nanoparticle radiosensitization has been well demonstrated to enhance effects of radiotherapy, motivated to improve therapeutic ratios and decrease morbidity in cancer treatment. A significant challenge exists in optimizing formulations and translation due to insufficient knowledge of the associated mechanisms which have historically been limited to physical concepts. Here we investigated a concept for the role of biological mechanisms. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.8b07982
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b07982DOI Listing
April 2019
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Water Contaminant Levels Interact with Parenting Environment to Predict Development of Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents.

Dev Sci 2019 Apr 22:e12838. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Ian H. Gotlib, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA, 94305.

Contaminants in drinking water, such as lead, nitrate, and arsenic, have been linked to negative physical health outcomes. We know less, however, about whether such pollutants also predict mental health problems and, if so, the conditions under which such effects are strongest. In this longitudinal study, we examined whether drinking water contaminants interact with negative family environments (parental psychological control) to predict changes in depressive symptoms in 110 adolescents-a developmental period when symptoms often first emerge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12838DOI Listing

Sexual cues influence cocaine-induced locomotion, anxiety and the immunoreactivity of estrogen receptor alpha and tyrosine hydroxylase in both sexes.

J Neuroendocrinol 2019 Apr 22:e12720. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

College of Biological Sciences and Engineering, North Minzu University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, 750021, China.

Dyadic physical social interaction influences cocaine-seeking behavior, but whether limited sexual cues (LSCs) from an opposite-sex partner influence behavioral responses to cocaine is unclear. We investigated this issue using a cylindrical wire cage containing a stimulus mouse (of the opposite sex); the subject mouse had access to this stimulus mouse during a "binge" injection pattern (injected with cocaine or saline vehicle twice a day, at 6-h intervals). Following the second injection, locomotion and anxiety-like behaviors were examined using the open-field and elevated plus-maze test, while estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity were also examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jne.12720DOI Listing

Accelerometer activity tracking in horses and the effect of pasture management on time budget.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, UK.

Background: Accelerometry is an accepted means of quantifying human physical activity. Quantitative physical activity tracking could be beneficial for studies into equine health and disease prevention, for example, in relation to obesity management.

Objectives: Validate accelerometer use in grazing horses, determine between-day repeatability, and assess the effects of pasture size on time budget (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13130DOI Listing

Condylar repair and regeneration in adolescents/young adults with early-stage degenerative temporomandibular joint disease: a randomized controlled study.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Center for TMD& Orofacial Pain, Peking University School & Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Background: Anterior repositioning splint (ARS) can facilitate regenerative condylar remodeling.

Objective: To determine the effect of ARS on osseous condylar changes in adolescents/young adults with early-stage degenerative joint disease (DJD).

Methods: Sixty-nine patients with early-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) DJD based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging were recruited and randomly allocated to two treatment groups: (a) conservative therapy with ARS and (b) conservative therapy without ARS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12805DOI Listing

Using Team Training to Transform Practice within a Geriatrics-Focused Patient-Centered Medical Home.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Physical Therapy Education, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15932DOI Listing

Echinococcosis in left ventricle: a case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15267

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Introduction: Echinococcosis, also called hydatid disease, is a common parasitic infection of the liver. However, echinococcus lesions rarely involve the heart, especially in children.

Patient Concerns: An 8-year-old child from grazing areas of northwest China was referred to our hospital for the complaint of inpersistent precordial chest pain and left upper quadrant pain for 3 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015267DOI Listing
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