2,066,603 results match your criteria Physical review. E Statistical nonlinear and soft matter physics[Journal]


[Effective prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents].

Authors:
J Qu F Lyu L D Xu

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;55(2):81-85

School of Ophthalmology and Optometry and Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Engineering Research Center For Myopia Control and Management, Ministry of Education, Wenzhou 325000, China.

Myopia prevention and control is an important health issue related to children and adolescents, general public physical fitness and national defense security. In 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave instructions on students' myopia. Ministry of Education and other seven ministries and commissions issued the Implementation Plan of the Myopia Prevention and Control for Children and Adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Case-Control Retrospective Study of Child Sexual Abuse History among Psychiatric Consultations in a General Hospital Emergency Room.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):77-81

Department of Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a variety of physical and psychiatric illnesses, including ischemic heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of past CSA and re-traumatization among hospital psychiatric consultations and to determine whether a CSA group in a hospital setting shared characteristics with community samples described in the literature.

Methods: We divided 228 consecutive psychiatric consultations into two groups. Read More

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February 2019

Frailty in the context of rehabilitation interventions for adults: protocol for a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 15;9(2):e024838. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Toronto Rehabilitation Institute - University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Although a growing number of frail adults can benefit from rehabilitation services, few are included in rehabilitation services, and reasons for their exclusion are not well understood. To inform research directions in rehabilitation for all adults (aged 18 years and older), we will conduct a scoping review to describe (1) the characteristics of frail adult individuals included in rehabilitation interventions (eg, age range, inclusion and exclusion criteria that are applied), (2) the type of rehabilitation interventions that are used for individuals who are considered frail and (3) the commonly reported outcome measures used for these rehabilitation interventions.

Methods: This scoping review will be guided by Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024838DOI Listing
February 2019

Categorising characteristics of counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes: a systematic review of tobacco industry documents.

Tob Control 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Center for Tobacco Studies, Rutgers School of Public Health, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

Background: There is scant research on methods used to identify counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes.

Methods: Systematic analysis of internal tobacco industry documents characteristics of counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes.

Results: In the industry documents we identified as relevant, there were 42 characteristics of counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054743DOI Listing
February 2019

The analysis of the possibility of using biological tests for assessment of toxicity of leachate from an active municipal landfill.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Feb 11;67:94-101. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Engineering Institute, State University of Applied Sciences in Nowy Sącz, Zamenhofa 1a St., 33-300, Nowy Sącz, Poland. Electronic address:

One of the consequence of municipal waste deposition is the production of landfill leachate. Its volume and composition is determined by numerous factors, including waste composition, landfill age and the volume of precipitation. Leachate may contain a number of mineral and organic compounds, the volume of which must be controlled regularly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Macroporous hydrogels derived from aqueous dynamic phase separation.

Biomaterials 2019 Feb 2;200:56-65. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Tissue Engineering and Biofabrication Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 7, 8093, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

A method to generate injectable macroporous hydrogels based on partitioning of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and high viscous polysaccharides is presented. Step growth polymerization of PEG was used to initiate a phase separation and the formation of a connected macroporous network with tunable dimensions. The possibilities and physical properties of this new category of materials were examined, and then applied to address some challenges in neural engineering. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2019.01.047DOI Listing
February 2019

Treatments for color removal from wastewater: State of the art.

J Environ Manage 2019 Feb 14;236:727-745. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Pavia, via Ferrata 1, 27100, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address:

It is evident from many recent papers that release of colored wastewater into the environment is source of pollution and this is a problem that particularly affect textile, dyeing and food industries. The review: (i) presents an analysis of various mechanisms involved in the different processes for color removal; (ii) describes conveniences and disadvantages that may exist in adopting one type of treatment in spite of another; (iii) reports the results of approximately 180 experimental tests. Both examples of treatments already widely applied to the real scale and still in the experimental phase are reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.094DOI Listing
February 2019

Antioxidative enzymes activity and thiol metabolism in three leafy vegetables under Cd stress.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Feb 14;173:214-224. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China.

The enrichment of Cadmium in vegetables is threatening human health. The study aimed to screen Cd low-enriched leafy vegetables and explore whether antioxidative enzymes and heavy metal chelators are synergistic defensive mechanisms. In this paper, the Cd accumulation and translocation of garland chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.02.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Proportion of cancer cases and deaths attributable to lifestyle risk factors in Brazil.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Feb 14;59:148-157. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Lifestyle risk factors (tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight and obesity, unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity) have been associated with increased risk of at least 20 types of cancer. We estimated the proportion of cancer cases and deaths that could be potentially avoided by eliminating or reducing lifestyle risk factors in Brazil.

Methods: We obtained the distribution of lifestyle risk factors by sex and age groups from recent representative health surveys in Brazil; relative risks from pooled analyses of prospective studies and meta-analyses; and cancer cases and deaths in 2012 from GLOBOCAN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.01.021DOI Listing
February 2019

PEO-b-PCL grafted niosomes: The cooperativilty of amphiphilic components and their properties in vitro and in vivo.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Jan 22;177:338-345. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland.

Niosomes belong to drug delivery systems and consist mainly of non-ionic surfactants and cholesterol. In this study, we designed and developed systems composed of non-ionic surfactants i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.01.036DOI Listing
January 2019

Microstructural evolution of a dual hardening steel during heat treatment.

Micron 2019 Feb 10;120:48-56. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Montanuniversität Leoben, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, Franz-Josef-Straße 18, 8700, Leoben, Austria.

Dual hardening steels combine precipitation of both secondary hardening carbides and intermetallic phases in a martensitic matrix. Due to this combination, the carbon content necessary to achieve high hardness levels can be reduced, resulting in a decreased amount of large and embrittling carbides. In this study, the influence of different heat treatments on microstructure evolution and secondary hardness is investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Sleep disordered breathing in children - Diagnostic questionnaires, comparative analysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:108-111. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Medical University of Warsaw, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Poland.

Study Objectives: The purpose of this work is to present available questionnaires enabling diagnostic screening when obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in a child is suspected or its effects are observed and polysomnography is unavailable. These questionnaires are designed to facilitate further diagnostic process or even therapeutic decisions, aid in selecting the optimal one for the specified conditions of clinical practice, with the caveat that none of these represents a diagnostic equivalent to PSG.

Methods: The questionnaires subjected to analysis: Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), Sleep Clinical Record (SCR), OSA-18 score (OSA-18), Brouilette score (BS), "I'm Sleepy" questionnaire (I'M SLEEPY), and "Sleeping Sleepless Sleepy Disturbed Rest" questionnaire (SSSDR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Clustered risk: An ecological understanding of sexual activity among adolescent boys and girls in two urban slums in Monrovia, Liberia.

Soc Sci Med 2019 Feb 8;224:106-115. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Many young people experience sexual debut before they are able to manage risk in order to avoid adverse consequences. Gender norms, social position, and power can undermine an adolescent's ability to exercise agency in their first sexual encounters and negotiate safer sexual behavior. This study examines the intersection of psychosocial and interpersonal factors with the social and physical environment to form an ecological understanding of how the determinants that shape sexual activity differ between boys and girls in two urban slums in Monrovia, Liberia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Rickets severity predicts clinical outcomes in children with X-linked hypophosphatemia: Utility of the radiographic Rickets Severity Score.

Bone 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

The Rickets Severity Score (RSS) was used to evaluate X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), a genetic disorder mediated by increased circulating FGF23. The reliability of the RSS was assessed using data from a randomized, phase 2 clinical trial that evaluated the effects of burosumab, a fully human anti-FGF23 monoclonal antibody, in 52 children with XLH ages 5 to 12 years. Bilateral knee and wrist radiographs were obtained at baseline, week 40, and week 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

One-pot aqueous synthesis of two-dimensional porous bimetallic PtPd alloyed nanosheets as highly active and durable electrocatalyst for boosting oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Jan 29;543:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Advanced Catalysis Materials, College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China. Electronic address:

Recently, two-dimensional materials have gained increasing research attention due to their large surface area, high physical and chemical stability, and excellent electrocatalytic performances. Herein, we reported a simple and fast one-pot aqueous method for synthesis of two-dimensional porous bimetallic PtPd alloyed nanosheets (NSs) using benzyldimethylhexadecylammonium chloride (HDBAC) as the capping agent and stabilizer. The formation mechanism involved the oriented attachment and self-assembly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.01.122DOI Listing
January 2019

Macromolecular inversion-driven polymer insertion into model lipid bilayer membranes.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Jan 30;542:483-494. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland. Electronic address:

Macromolecules of amphiphilic invertible polymers (AIPs) are capable of self-assembly into micellar assemblies of various morphologies in solvents of different polarities. The micellar assemblies in aqueous media are capable of encapsulating poorly aqueous soluble cargo and can undergo inverse conformational change and cargo release in contact with non-polar media, including potentially, cell membranes. Thus, invertible micellar assemblies have significant potential in drug delivery and related domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.01.093DOI Listing
January 2019

Electrochemically modified graphite for fast preparation of large-sized graphene oxide.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Feb 8;542:387-391. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, CAS Center for Excellence in Superconducting Electronics (CENSE), Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, PR China; College of Materials Science and Opto-Electronic Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China. Electronic address:

Large-sized graphene oxide (LGO) is desirable for many graphene-based applications. Herein, for the first time, we synthesized LGO (83 µm average size) using electrochemically modified graphite as the precursor. With this strategy, we could reduce both the oxidation time (1 h) and oxidant dosage (2 equiv. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.029DOI Listing
February 2019

Social support is associated with fewer reported symptoms and decreased treatment burden in adults with cystic fibrosis.

J Cyst Fibros 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University of Colorado Denver, United States.

Background: Although social support has been linked to a variety of health outcomes in those with and without chronic illness, this construct has rarely been studied in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF), who may face a unique set of clinical and psychosocial barriers. The current study explored the relationships between social support, mental health, physical health, treatment activity, and disease-specific quality of life in a sample of adults with CF.

Methods: Participants in the study included 250 adults with CF who took part in a larger longitudinal study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Experiences with the daily use of medications among chronic hepatitis C patients.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

College of Pharmacy, Center for Pharmaceutical Care Studies, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Background: Subjective experiences with medication use are individual experiences that can impact health outcomes by contributing to problems related to such use.

Objetives: The aim of the present study was to understand the experiences of chronic hepatitis C patients who were taking chronic medications, based on the phenomenology proposed by Merleau-Ponty and connection among this experience with the essential structures of the experience.

Methods: Data were gathered from interviews conducted with ten individuals taking long-term medications at the Viral Hepatitis Outpatient Clinic of the Alfa Gastroenterology Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Food, Health, & Choices: Curriculum and Wellness Interventions to Decrease Childhood Obesity in Fifth-Graders.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ.

Objective: To evaluate Food, Health, & Choices, two 10-month interventions.

Design: Cluster-randomized, controlled study with 4 groups: curriculum, wellness, curriculum plus wellness, and control.

Setting: Twenty elementary schools (5/group) in New York City. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Cardiovascular effects and risks of recreational alpine skiing in the elderly.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center, University of Zurich, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Alpine skiing is one of the most popular recreational winter sports and attracts millions of tourists every year alone in the Alpine region. Several studies highlight the positive effects of alpine skiing as aerobic physical training and isometric muscle activity that is able to increase exercise capacity and reduce cardiovascular risk factors. However, a certain cardiovascular risk mainly related to an abrupt increase of myocardial oxygen consumption during skiing especially in otherwise sedentary subjects and effects of hypoxia in untrained patients have to be acknowledged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019

The relationship between lower extremity swelling, quadriceps strength, and functional performance following total knee arthroplasty.

Knee 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The University of Colorado Denver AMC, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, United States of America; Veterans Affairs Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Denver, CO, United States of America.

Background: The relationships between swelling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and quadriceps strength and functional performance are poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationships between lower extremity swelling, measured using bioelectrical impedance assessment (SF-BIA), and quadriceps strength and timed up and go (TUG) times following TKA.

Methods: 53 participants (64 ± 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between disease-specific anxiety at discharge and functional outcome in patients after total knee arthroplasty.

Knee 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Anshin Hospital, Hyogo, Japan.

Background: Patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may experience disease-specific problems, including decline in motor function and intense pain, which may result in disease-specific anxiety. This study aimed to investigate disease-specific anxiety at discharge, and any association between anxiety and functional outcomes following TKA.

Methods: The study prospectively included 129 patients who had undergone TKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2019.01.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical measures associated with knee function over two years in young athletes after ACL reconstruction.

Knee 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; Sports Medicine Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA; Division of Physical Therapy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate how patient-reported knee function changed over a two-year period in young athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and return-to-sport (RTS), and to determine the impact of clinical measures, after controlling for demographic and surgical covariates.

Methods: At the time of RTS after primary, unilateral ACLR, the following data were collected in 67 young athletes: Quadriceps (QF), hamstring (HS), and hip abduction (HA) strength; knee range-of-motion, effusion, and anterior laxity; and patient-reported function using the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). At two years post-RTS, patient-reported function was reevaluated using the KOOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Trajectories of Accumulation of Health Deficits in Older Adults: Are There Variations According to Health Domains?

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: To analyze sex- and education-specific trajectories of health deficits accumulation (DA) throughout old age and to examine whether these trajectories differ according to health domains.

Design: Population-based prospective cohort study.

Setting: and participants: In Spain, 3228 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years or older were followed up for 10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.12.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictive Capacity of Frailty Phenotype Toward Patterns of Disability Identified Using Latent Class Analysis.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Geriatric Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Frailty phenotype (FP) has low sensitivity toward the identification of older people who will lose 1 or more activities of daily living. Nevertheless, the definition of disability in terms of activities of daily living may not resemble the pattern of functional impairment occurring during aging. The aim of this study was to examine the discriminative capacity of the FP toward the identification of patterns of disabilities in an extended list of tasks, identified among community-dwelling older people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Successful Aging and Mortality Risk: The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2014).

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the association of successful aging with mortality and further find gender differences in the effect of components of successful aging on mortality risks.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting And Participants: A total of 3848 adults aged 65 and older from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2014) data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019

The Relationship Between Hearing Loss and Substance Use Disorders Among Adults in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

VA Center for Clinical Management Research (CCMR), VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Introduction: Hearing loss is common and associated with poorer health and impeded communication. Little is known about the association between hearing loss and substance use disorders in the general population. The objective of this study was to assess substance use disorder prevalence among individuals with hearing loss, versus those without hearing loss, in a nationally representative sample of adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Physical Activity and Social Behaviors of Urban Children in Green Playgrounds.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Kinesiology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, California.

Introduction: Nature exposure is associated with many wellbeing benefits. However, the influence of green space on the physical activity and social behaviors of children is not completely understood. The purpose of the study was to complete a stepwise impact evaluation of a large-scale playground greening project at a Title 1 elementary school in Los Angeles, California. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Positive Parenting Matters in the Face of Early Adversity.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Section of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Electronic address:

Introduction: A negative relationship between adverse childhood experiences and both physical and mental health in adulthood is well established, as is the positive impact of parenting on child development and future health. However, few studies have investigated unique influences of adverse childhood experiences and positive parenting together within a large, diverse early childhood sample.

Methods: The study used data on all children aged 0-5 years (n=29,997) from the National Survey of Children's Health 2011/2012 to examine effects of positive parenting practices and adverse childhood experiences on early childhood social-emotional skills and general development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Metaraminol use during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Center for Evidence-Based Health Care, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Introduction: During caesarean section, the use of a vasopressor is often required to achieve haemodynamic stability of the parturient. Metaraminol is a vasopressor used in this context in some countries. However, the differences between metaraminol and other vasopressors remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Determinants of the performance of traditional Chinese medicine clinics in Taiwan.

Health Policy 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan. Electronic address:

The study attempts to investigate the features and determinants of the performance of Taiwanese Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Clinics with data for 4905 TCM clinics over the 1998 to 2012 period. The empirical results from the fixed effects model and the Hausman-Taylor Model with cluster-robust standard errors reveal several interesting findings. First, consumer characteristics such as the frequency of disabling injuries has positive impacts on the volume of medical services provided by TCM clinics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019

[Prevalence of dementia in the elderly in Latin America: A systematic review].

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander, Clínica Carlos Ardila Lulle-FOSCAL, Departamento de Medicina Interna y Geriatria, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Background And Objective: Dementia is a growing public health problem. It involves the impairment of several cognitive functions, generating mental and physical disability, and therefore greater functional dependence. There is limited epidemiological information which reveals an approximate prevalence in older adults from Latin America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regg.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Investigation of transient freshwater storage in island aquifers.

J Contam Hydrol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA. Electronic address:

Fresh groundwater in an island aquifer is an extremely important resource that is highly vulnerable to variations in natural weather cycles and climate change effects. On small islands, precipitation creates subsurface freshwater lenses that float on top of coalesced saltwater that has intruded from the surrounding seawater. The volume and shape of these highly vulnerable freshwater lenses depend on the size and shape of the island, underlying geology, and the rate and duration of groundwater recharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Older ovarian cancer survivors report lower long-term health-related quality of life than younger survivors: A study from the population-based profiles registry.

Gynecol Oncol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

CoRPS - Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Tilburg University, the Netherlands; Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation, the Netherlands.

Objective: To assess long-term differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of older ovarian cancer survivors compared to both an age-matched normative population and to younger survivors. In addition, the differential effect of chemotherapy on HRQoL between older and younger survivors was compared.

Methods: Ovarian cancer survivors (n = 348) diagnosed between 2000 and 2010, as registered by the Dutch population-based Eindhoven Cancer Registry, were invited to complete the EORTC QLQ-C30 HRQoL questionnaire in 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

The paramagnetic properties of malaria pigment, hemozoin, yield clues to a low-cost system for its trapping and determination.

Talanta 2019 May 25;197:553-557. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Service de Chimie Thérapeutique et de Pharmacognosie, Université de Mons (UMONS), Bât. 6, Chemin du Champ de Mars 25, 7000 Mons, Belgium. Electronic address:

The binding of malaria pigment, hemozoin, by a gradient magnetic field has been investigated in a manual trapping column system. Two types of magnetic filling have been tested to produce field gradients: nickel-plated steel wires, wrapped around a steel core, and superparamagnetic microbeads. The latter system allows an efficient trapping (> 80%) of β-hematin (a synthetic pigment with physical and paramagnetic properties analogous to those of hemozoin). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.090DOI Listing

Screening of extraction properties of nanofibers in a sequential injection analysis system using a 3D printed device.

Talanta 2019 May 14;197:517-521. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Heyrovského, 1203, Hradec Králové 50 005, Czech Republic.

A novel application of the three-dimensional printing technology for the automation of solid phase extraction procedures in a low-pressure sequential injection analysis system is presented. A 3D printed device was used as a housing for nanofiber membranes in solid phase extraction. The applicability of the device is demonstrated with the extraction of substances of various physical-chemical properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.050DOI Listing

Laser ablation ICP-MS for simultaneous quantitative imaging of iron and ferroportin in hippocampus of human brain tissues with Alzheimer's disease.

Talanta 2019 May 15;197:413-421. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, Julian Claveria 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.

Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is proposed for a better understanding of metals and proteins distribution in micrometre structures of human brain tissues. Simultaneous absolute quantitative imaging of Fe and ferroportin (FPN), in 5 µm thick tissue sections of the stratum pyramidale of hippocampus CA1 region, was carried out for Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and healthy controls (HC). For the imaging of FPN by LA-ICP-MS, antibodies were labelled via carbodiimide crosslinking with fluorescent gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) of 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.056DOI Listing

Glenohumeral rotation deficits in high school, college, and professional baseball pitchers with and without a medial ulnar collateral ligament injury.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Mar;28(3):423-429

Andrews Institute for Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Gulf Breeze, FL, USA; Andrews Research and Education Foundation, Gulf Breeze, FL, USA.

Background: It is unclear how a glenohumeral internal rotation (IR) loss (GIRLoss), a glenohumeral external rotation (ER) gain (GERGain), or a total rotational motion (TRM) deficit (TRMD) predict medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) injury risk among high school (HS), college (COLL), and professional (PRO) baseball pitchers with and without MUCL injury. We hypothesized that pitchers with MUCL injury would have more GIRLoss and TRMD compared with pitchers without MUCL injury, with no differences in IR, ER, TRM, GIRLoss, GERGain, and TRMD.

Methods: The study equally divided 216 male HS, COLL, and PRO pitchers into the MUCL injury group (n = 108) and a control group (n = 108) without MUCL injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.11.038DOI Listing

Role of Abdominal US in Diagnosis of NEC.

Authors:
Jae H Kim

Clin Perinatol 2019 Mar 20;46(1):119-127. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

SPIN Program, San Diego Mothers' Milk Bank, Division of Neonatology, UC San Diego, 9300 Campus Point Drive MC7774, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, 3020 Children's Way, San Diego, CA 92123. Electronic address:

Current assessment for and diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remain inadequate. The introduction of interrogating bowel with ultrasound when NEC is suspected or when NEC has occurred presents greater opportunity to characterize the physical changes that have occurred in the bowel wall structures. The evaluation of bowel by ultrasound has been shown to have high specificity for bowel necrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2018.10.006DOI Listing

Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019

Using the entrapped bioprocess as the pretreatment method for the drinking water treatment receiving eutrophic source water.

Environ Pollut 2019 Feb 4;248:57-65. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Control of organic matter, nutrients and disinfection byproduct formation is a major challenge for the drinking water treatment plants on Matsu Islands, Taiwan, receiving source water from the eutrophic reservoirs. A pilot entrapped biomass reactor (EBR) system was installed as the pretreatment process to reduce organic and nitrogen contents into the drinking water treatment plant. The effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and combination of preceding physical treatment (ultraviolet and ultrasound) on the treatment performance were further evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.128DOI Listing
February 2019

Unsaturated fatty acids from flaxseed oil and exercise modulate GPR120 but not GPR40 in the liver of obese mice: a new anti-inflammatory approach.

J Nutr Biochem 2018 Dec 12;66:52-62. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Nutritional Genomics Laboratory, LabGeN, School of Applied Sciences, UNICAMP, São Paulo, Brazil; Nutrigenomics and Lipids Research Center, CELN, School of Applied Sciences, UNICAMP, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

GPR120 and GPR40 were recently reported as omega-3 (ω3) receptors with anti-inflammatory properties. Physical exercise could increase the expression of these receptors in the liver, improving hepatic metabolism in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to investigate GPR120/40 in the liver of lean and obese mice after acute or chronic physical exercise, with or without the supplementation of ω3 rich flaxseed oil (FS), as well as assess the impact of exercise and FS on insulin signaling and inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Differences between flexion and extension synergy-driven coupling at the elbow, wrist, and fingers of individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke.

Clin Neurophysiol 2019 Jan 31;130(4):454-468. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The flexion and extension synergies were quantified at the paretic elbow, forearm, wrist, and finger joints within the same group of participants for the first time. Differences in synergy expression at each of the four joints were examined, as were the ways these differences varied across the joints.

Methods: Twelve post-stroke individuals with chronic moderate-to-severe hemiparesis and six age-matched controls participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019

Exploring socio-economic inequalities in the use of medicines: is the relation mediated by health status?

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;169:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

LMU Munich, University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Nußbaumstr. 7, 80336 Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study evaluated mediating effects of the health status on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and medicine use. It was hypothesized that more privileged people show a reduced use of medicines, as compared with the underprivileged, because of their superior health status. It was further hypothesized that people may apply medication based on their type of health complaint (ill physical versus mental status). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019

A rare case of transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome following living donor liver transplantation: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 10;55:218-222. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Gastroenterological and Transplant Surgery, Applied Life Sciences, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Transient Left Ventricular Apical Balloon Syndrome (LV-ABS) is an unknown acute dysfunction of the left ventricle, which develops under emotional or physical stress events like the major surgical postoperative period.

Presentation Of Case: A 68-year-old woman diagnosed with hepatitis C cirrhosis was admitted for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). No evidence for underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease was found. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring anxiety sensitivity in the relationship between pain intensity and opioid misuse among opioid-using adults with chronic pain.

J Psychiatr Res 2019 Feb 8;111:154-159. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, USA; Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA; HEALTH Institute, University of Houston, USA. Electronic address:

Opioid misuse is a significant public health problem. Chronic pain is one highly prevalent factor that is strongly associated with increased risk for opioid misuse. Anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety related physical sensations) is an individual difference factor consistently linked to pain experience, and separately, heroin use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Facilitators and barriers to enrolling in falls prevention programming among community dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan 28;82:106-113. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Simmons College, Physical Therapy Department, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA, 02115, United States. Electronic address:

The purpose of this cross-sectional survey study was to identify factors that increase the likelihood of enrolling in falls prevention programming among community dwelling older adults. A convenience sample of 369 participants completed a written, selfadministered questionnaire on history and beliefs related to falls, and facilitators and barriers associated with enrollment. History of falling, fear of falling, self-efficacy, and recognition of program benefits were all associated with a greatly likelihood to enroll in falls prevention programming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Movement variability emerges in gait as adaptation to task constraints in dynamic environments.

Gait Posture 2019 Feb 4;70:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Sport Sciences. Sport Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Av. de la Universidad s/n., CP: 03202, Elche, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Motor variability has been related to motor control playing a functional role in human adaptive behaviours. However, the direction of the relationship between variability and motor control can be unclear. The specific relations that exist between task constraints and movement (re)organization could explain some of this controversy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Arriba por la vida Estudio (AVE): Study protocol for a standing intervention targeting postmenopausal Latinas.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, United States.

Background: Postmenopausal Latinas are a growing population group in the US who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Epidemiological studies have shown that excessive sitting is related to cardiovascular disease risk. Older women sit for prolonged periods and most individuals do not meet physical activity guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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