2,048,089 results match your criteria Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics [Journal]


[Introduction: Healthy behaviours become less common when descending the social ladder, which contributes to social inequalities in health. General practitioners (GPs) could have an impact on this general trend by providing preventive care counselling. We wanted to describe the social inequalities related to physical activity (PA) and the counselling given to patients, in order to improve our understanding of how inequalities can be produced at the doctor-patient relationship level.Methods: Prev Quanti simultaneously examined social differences in the patients’ level of PA and in the PA counselling provided by their GPs. 3,640 registered patients were randomly selected from the patient list of 52 GPs involved in GP training in two Parisian Universities. Based on interviews with 99 GPs from the same area on preventive care, Prev Quali explored the construction of the GP’s PA counselling practice style.Results: A social gradient was observed, with less counselling at the bottom of the social ladder, where lower levels of PA were also reported by patients. Interviews revealed a common difficulty for GPs to consider PA as a valuable form of medical care and the lack of a systematic approach. An implicit triage process leads to an indirect social selection of the patients “worth trying” to deliver PA counselling, by GPs barely aware of the social gradient among their patients in terms of PA.Conclusion].

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):81-87

Introduction: Healthy behaviours become less common when descending the social ladder, which contributes to social inequalities in health. General practitioners (GPs) could have an impact on this general trend by providing preventive care counselling. We wanted to describe the social inequalities related to physical activity (PA) and the counselling given to patients, in order to improve our understanding of how inequalities can be produced at the doctor-patient relationship level. Read More

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September 2018

[Introduction: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Attention was focused on a neighbourhood of 6,000 inhabitants in the process of urban renewal. A high rate of adults on antidiabetic treatment was observed in this relatively deprived neighbourhood. School medicine also noted a high proportion of overweight children in schools in the neighbourhood, higher than in all schools of the city. The objective of this HIA was therefore to identify the impact of the renovation project on children’s mobility and to make recommendations in order to combat their physical inactivity by encouraging spontaneous physical activity.Methods: The selected determinants were grouped into four categories: outdoor environment, use of open spaces, adapted sports facilities/equipment, roads. The evaluation was based on analysis of urban planning documents, environmental analysis reports, ad hoc surveys, individual interviews with the various partners and target actors. A bibliographic review confirmed the positive or negative impacts of various aspects of the project on health.Results: Although some aspects of the project had a positive impact on the health of the inhabitants, others have a negative impact on children’s mobility, well-being and social capital. About 30 recommendations were proposed and prioritized according to their political support and their technical, economic and temporal feasibility.Discussion].

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):63-67

Introduction: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Read More

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September 2018

[Introduction: Health literacy refers to the competences and resources required by individuals to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. This paper describes and analyses the health literacy profiles of type 2 diabetic patients included in a 2-year long self-management education programme.Methods: Nested in the ERMIES randomized controlled trial conducted in Reunion island, the ERMIES Ethnosocio study explored health literacy by means of two complementary approaches: description of health literacy profiles via the French version of the multidimensional “Health Literacy Questionnaire”, and a socio-anthropological perspective based on 40 semi-structured interviews carried out in 2012 and then in 2015.Results: The results highlight the existence of 8 constitutive variables in the management of type 2 diabetes in an ordinary context: diet, physical activity, treatment and monitoring of disease (disease management), access to knowledge and skills (health knowledge), relationships with health professionals and social support (expertise, support and social network). They also emphasize the differentiated relationships of individuals to each of these variables, ranging from functional to interactive or critical “levels”.Discussion].

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):145-156

Introduction: Health literacy refers to the competences and resources required by individuals to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. This paper describes and analyses the health literacy profiles of type 2 diabetic patients included in a 2-year long self-management education programme.

Methods: Nested in the ERMIES randomized controlled trial conducted in Reunion island, the ERMIES Ethnosocio study explored health literacy by means of two complementary approaches: description of health literacy profiles via the French version of the multidimensional ?Health Literacy Questionnaire?, and a socio-anthropological perspective based on 40 semi-structured interviews carried out in 2012 and then in 2015. Read More

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September 2018

Preparation and Utilization of a 3D Human Liver Microtissue Model for Nanotoxicological Assessment.

Authors:
Ali Kermanizadeh

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1894:47-55

Nano Safety Research Group, School of Engineering and Physical Science, Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.

The liver is the principal detoxification center of the body, removing xenobiotics and waste products which could potentially include some nanomaterials (NM). With the ever increasing public and occupational exposure associated with accumulative production of nanomaterials, there is an urgent need to consider the possibility of harmful health consequences of engineered NM exposure. It is understood that following exposure via inhalation, ingestion, or direct intravenous injection a fraction of NMs reach the liver. Read More

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January 2019

A Machine-Learning-Based Drug Repurposing Approach Using Baseline Regularization.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1903:255-267

The University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.

We present the baseline regularization model for computational drug repurposing using electronic health records (EHRs). In EHRs, drug prescriptions of various drugs are recorded throughout time for various patients. In the same time, numeric physical measurements (e. Read More

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January 2019

Functional Imaging of Visuospatial Attention in Complex and Naturalistic Conditions.

Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, Bron, France.

One of the ultimate goals of cognitive neuroscience is to understand how the brain works in the real world. Functional imaging with naturalistic stimuli provides us with the opportunity to study the brain in situations similar to the everyday life. This includes the processing of complex stimuli that can trigger many types of signals related both to the physical characteristics of the external input and to the internal knowledge that we have about natural objects and environments. Read More

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December 2018

Transition of Children with Perinatally Acquired HIV-Infection into Adulthood: Social Outcome and Quality of Life.

Indian J Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Asha Kirana Hospital, Hebbal Industrial Housing Area, Ring Road, Hebbal, Mysore 570016, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: In India, access to free anti-retroviral therapy has improved the survival of perinatally human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children resulting in the transition of many such children to adulthood. This study aims to understand the social-outcomes and quality of life (QOL) among these adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two tertiary HIV care centers in south India. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship of leptin, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor levels with body mass index and disease severity in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome.

Acta Neurol Belg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Bingöl State Hospital, Bingöl, Turkey.

Objective: A high prevalence of obesity in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) predisposes patients to metabolic changes. It is not clear how the clinical manifestations of the disease affect metabolism. This study aimed to investigate leptin, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels in FMS, and their relationship with body mass index (BMI) and disease severity. Read More

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December 2018

Insomnia and cardiorespiratory fitness in a middle-aged population: the SCAPIS pilot study.

Sleep Breath 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Sleep and Vigilance Disorders, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 8b, Box 421, SE-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The relationship between insomnia and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, has not been extensively studied. We aimed to assess the independent association between insomnia and CRF in a population-based cohort of subjects aged 50 to 64 years.

Methods: Subjects participating in the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImaging Study (SCAPIS) pilot cohort (n = 603, men 47. Read More

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December 2018
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Evaluation of the potential of coal fly ash produced by gasification as hexavalent chromium adsorbent.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Pampa, 1650 Maria Anunciação Gomes Godoy Avenue, Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, 96413-172, Brazil.

The aim of this work was to characterize the coal fly ash from gasification process (G-CFA) and to analyze its potential as hexavalent chromium Cr (VI) adsorbent. The G-CFA was characterized in terms of physical, chemical, mineralogical, and morphological analyses. Bach adsorption studies were carried out in order to evaluate the influence of pH on the adsorption capacity and removal efficiency of Cr (VI). Read More

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December 2018

Undiagnosed cardiac deficits in non-small cell carcinoma patients in the candidate population for anti-cachexia clinical trials.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Oncology, Division of Palliative Care Medicine, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1Z2, Canada.

Purpose: Currently, there is no approved therapy for cancer cachexia. According to European and American regulatory agencies, physical function improvements would be approvable co-primary endpoints of new anti-cachexia medications. As physical functioning is in part dependent on cardiac functioning, we aimed to explore the cardiac status of a group of patients meeting current criteria for inclusion in cachexia clinical trials. Read More

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December 2018

Low-level laser therapy versus trunk stabilization exercises on sternotomy healing after coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized clinical trial.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Physical Therapy for Internal Medicine, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) versus trunk stabilization exercises on sternotomy healing following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Forty-five male patients who had acute sternal instability post-CABG surgery in the age range of 45-65 years were divided randomly into three equal groups (n = 15). The laser group received LLLT, while the exercise group received trunk stabilization exercises. Read More

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December 2018
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Follow-up efficacy of physical exercise interventions on fall incidence and fall risk in healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sports Med Open 2018 Dec 13;4(1):56. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Training and Movement Sciences, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philippstr. 13, Haus 11, 10115, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-related decline in motor performance, which is crucial in response to postural threats. Although the benefits and specifications of effective exercise programs have been well documented in pre-post design studies, that is during the treatment, the definitive retention and transfer of these fall-related exercise benefits to the daily life fall risk during follow-up periods remains largely unclear. Read More

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December 2018

What makes people ready to conceive? Findings from the International Fertility Decision-Making Study.

Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Aug 10;6:90-101. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK.

This study investigated fertility decision-making in people currently trying to conceive, and examined whether factors that make people ready to conceive differ by gender and country. The study used data from the International Fertility Decision-Making Study, a cross-sectional study of 10,045 participants (1690 men and 8355 women) from 79 countries. Respondents were aged 18-50 years (mean 31. Read More

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Takotsubo syndrome in a stroke patient with carotid artery stenosis.

eNeurologicalSci 2018 Dec 22;13:46-48. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Juchgasse 25, A-1030 Wien, Austria.

Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a transient transient left ventricular dysfunction, predominantly affecting elderly women and often preceded by emotional or physical stress. TTS may be the cause as well as the consequence of stroke. We report a 82-years old female with a history of long-standing untreated arterial hypertension who was hospitalized because of a left-sided tongue paralysis and dysarthria. Read More

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December 2018

Structure and dynamical behavior of non-normal networks.

Sci Adv 2018 Dec 12;4(12):eaau9403. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Mathematics and naXys, Namur Institute for Complex Systems, University of Namur, rempart de la Vierge 8, B 5000 Namur, Belgium.

We analyze a collection of empirical networks in a wide spectrum of disciplines and show that strong non-normality is ubiquitous in network science. Dynamical processes evolving on non-normal networks exhibit a peculiar behavior, as initial small disturbances may undergo a transient phase and be strongly amplified in linearly stable systems. In addition, eigenvalues may become extremely sensible to noise and have a diminished physical meaning. Read More

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December 2018

Patient-derived xenograft model for uterine leiomyoma by sub-renal capsule grafting.

J Biol Methods 2018 16;5(2). Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Cancer Biology and Genetics, The Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Uterine leiomyoma (UL) or fibroid is a benign smooth muscle tumor of the myometrium with a lifetime incidence of approximately 70%. ULs often require medical intervention due to severe symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding and abdominal pain. Although the most common and effective management of ULs is surgical removal, the invasive surgical procedure imposes physical and psychological burdens on the patients. Read More

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Do Tibial Eminence Fractures and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears Have Similar Outcomes?

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 7;6(12):2325967118811854. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Avulsion fractures involving the tibial eminence are considered equivalent in terms of the cause to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears; however, there are limited data comparing the outcomes of adolescent patients undergoing surgical fixation of a tibial eminence fracture (TEF) with those undergoing ACL reconstruction.

Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes, subsequent ACL injury rates, and activity levels between adolescent patients who underwent TEF fixation with patients with midsubstance ACL tears who required acute reconstruction.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Remnant Tissue Preservation on Tunnel Enlargement After Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the Hamstring Tendon.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 6;6(12):2325967118811293. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Center, Yagi Orthopaedic Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: The effects of remnant tissue preservation on tunnel enlargement after anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have not yet been established.

Hypothesis: The preservation of ACL remnant tissue may significantly reduce the degree and incidence of tunnel enlargement after anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction, while the remnant-preserving procedure may not significantly increase the incidence of tunnel coalition after surgery.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Read More

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December 2018

Cartilage Tissue Engineering Using Stem Cells and Bioprinting Technology-Barriers to Clinical Translation.

Front Surg 2018 27;5:70. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

There is no long-term treatment strategy for young and active patients with cartilage defects. Early and effective joint preserving treatments in these patients are crucial in preventing the development of osteoarthritis. Tissue engineering over the past few decades has presented hope in overcoming the issues involved with current treatment strategies. Read More

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November 2018

Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Cognitive Test Performance: Testing a Modified Index of Life's Simple 7 Among Older Chinese Adults.

Front Public Health 2018 28;6:352. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States.

Evidence suggests that cognitive decline in older adults is influenced by cardiovascular health (CVH), with metabolic and vascular mechanisms hypothesized to underlie the etiology of cognitive impairment. Research in high-income nations suggests that improved CVH is linked with decreased cognitive impairment risk, but it is unclear if this pattern is evident in low-income countries. Nationally-representative data collected in China were drawn from the World Health Organization's Study on global AGing and adult health Wave 1 (2007-2010; = 11,295). Read More

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November 2018

Tramadol hydrochloride: An alternative to conventional local anaesthetics for intraoral procedures- a preliminary study.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):111-114. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Dept. of Public Health Dentistry at Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare the soft tissue anaesthesia produced by tramadol hydrochloride on gingival tissues in maxilla.

Methods: A total of 50 ASA physical status I subjects between 18 and 35 years of age, both male and female were included in the study. Each individual received 0. Read More

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November 2018

Ternary nanocomposites of reduced graphene oxide, polyaniline and hexaniobate: hierarchical architecture and high polaron formation.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2018 26;9:2936-2946. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

School of Materials and National Graphene Institute, The University of Manchester, Booth St E, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom.

Nanostructured systems, such as nanocomposites, are potential materials for usage in different fields since synergistic effects of their components at the nanoscale domain may improve physical/chemical properties when compared to individual phases. We report here the preparation and characterisation of a new nanocomposite composed of polyaniline (PANI), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and hexaniobate (hexNb) nanoscrolls. Atomic force microscopy images show an interesting architecture of rGO flakes coated with PANI and decorated by hexNb. Read More

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November 2018

In situ characterization of nanoscale contaminations adsorbed in air using atomic force microscopy.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2018 23;9:2925-2935. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Centro de Investigación en Óptica y Nanofísica (CIOyN), Departamento Física, Facultad de Química, Campus Espinardo, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

Under ambient conditions, surfaces are rapidly modified and contaminated by absorbance of molecules and a variety of nanoparticles that drastically change their chemical and physical properties. The atomic force microscope tip-sample system can be considered a model system for investigating a variety of nanoscale phenomena. In the present work we use atomic force microscopy to directly image nanoscale contamination on surfaces, and to characterize this contamination by using multidimensional spectroscopy techniques. Read More

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November 2018

Guideline Approaches for Cardioendocrine Disease Surveillance and Treatment Following Spinal Cord Injury.

Curr Phys Med Rehabil Rep 2018 15;6(4):264-276. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL USA.

Purpose Of Review: Persons with spinal cord injuries (SCI) commonly experience individual risks and coalesced health hazards of the cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS). This review will examinethe role of exercise and nutritional intervention as countermeasures to these disease risks.

Recent Findings: The CMS hazards of overweight/obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are strongly associated with physical deconditioning and are common after SCI. Read More

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November 2018

Fatigued Patients with Chronic Liver Disease Have Subtle Aberrations of Sleep, Melatonin and Cortisol Circadian Rhythms.

Fatigue 2018 3;6(1):5-19. Epub 2017 Dec 3.

Liver & Energy Metabolism Unit, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Aims: We sought to examine whether disturbances in central and peripheral circadian rhythms were related to the experience of fatigue in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD).

Methods: Fatigued and non-fatigued patients with compensated CLD were enrolled in a prospective pilot study. Patients underwent a one week evaluation of free-living sleep and physical activity patterns, followed by a 24-hour admission, during which they underwent serial blood sampling, polysomnography, a 6-minute walk test and continuous core temperature measurements under standardized conditions. Read More

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December 2017
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Utility of Geriatric Assessment in the Projection of Early Mortality Following Hip Fracture in the Elderly Patients.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2018 3;9:2151459318813976. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Hip fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality in elders. Indicators of frailty are associated with poor outcomes. Commonly used frailty tools rely on motor skills that cannot be performed by this population. Read More

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December 2018

Calcium release and physical properties of modified carbonate apatite cement as pulp capping agent in dental application.

Biomater Res 2018 6;22:35. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

3Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Science, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC USA.

Background: Carbonate apatite (COAp) and silica-calcium phosphate composite (SCPC) are bone substitutes with good prospect for dental application. SCPC creates a hydroxyapatite surface layer and stimulate bone cell function while, COAp induce apatite crystal formation with good adaptation providing good seal between cement and the bone. Together, these materials will add favorable properties as a pulp capping material to stimulate mineral barrier and maintain pulp vitality. Read More

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December 2018
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Mechanistic Insights From Global Metabolomics Studies into Synergistic Bactericidal Effect of a Polymyxin B Combination With Tamoxifen Against Cystic Fibrosis MDR .

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2018 10;16:587-599. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010, VIC, Australia.

Polymyxins are amongst the most important antibiotics in modern medicine, in recent times their clinical utility has been overshadowed by nosocomial outbreaks of polymyxin resistant MDR Gram-negative 'superbugs'. An effective strategy to surmount polymyxin resistance is combination therapy with FDA-approved non-antibiotic drugs. Herein we used untargeted metabolomics to investigate the mechanism(s) of synergy between polymyxin B and the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen against a polymyxin-resistant MDR cystic fibrosis (CF) FADDI-PA006 isolate (polymyxin B MIC=8 mg/L , it is an MDR polymyxin resistant isolated from the lungs of a CF patient). Read More

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November 2018

Community Violence and Associated Psychological Problems Among Adolescents in the General Population.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2018 2;11(4):411-420. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

4School of Social Work, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Based on a populational survey conducted among 1400 adolescents aged between 12 and 17 years old, the aim of this study is to assess the relationships between their community violence experiences and their psychological health (anger, depressive symptoms, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms). One MANOVA confirms that both boys and girls who report at least one incident of physical community violence present more psychological difficulties, especially anger. Subsequent MANOVAs show that anger intensity varies depending on whether the youth was a direct victim or a witness only, as well as on the diversity of the types of violent manifestations and on acquaintance with the perpetrator, whereas the presence of injuries has no significant effect. Read More

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Changes in the configuration and patterns of physical activity among Mongolian adults, 2005-2013.

J Rural Med 2018 Nov 29;13(2):151-159. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Environmental Health, National Center for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Mongolia.

This study examined the change in physical activity status and patterns and their associations with urban and rural residence and employment status in Mongolia. We analyzed data from 7,738 adults aged from 20 to 64 years (n = 2,877 and 4,861 for 2005 and 2013, respectively) from the Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors (NCD-STEPS survey). Physical activity in three domains, including work (occupational and household work); transport (walk or cycling); and leisure (sport or fitness) was measured by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Read More

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November 2018

The relationship between the houseboundedness and frailty of community-dwelling elderly persons.

J Rural Med 2018 Nov 29;13(2):141-150. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Uji City, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

This study aimed to verify whether the incidence of frailty in elderly individuals is higher among those who are housebound than those who are not. This study found no correlation between elderly people's houseboundedeness and physical, mental, social, and overall frailty. However, the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) frailty score and grip strength value were higher in non-housebound elderly persons than in housebound elderly ones. Read More

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November 2018

Fragranced consumer products: effects on autistic adults in the United States, Australia, and United Kingdom.

Authors:
Anne Steinemann

Air Qual Atmos Health 2018 25;11(10):1137-1142. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1Department of Infrastructure Engineering, Melbourne School of Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 Australia.

Fragranced consumer products, such as cleaning supplies, air fresheners, and personal care products, can have adverse effects on both air quality and health. This study investigates the effects of fragranced products on autistic individuals ages 18-65 in the United States, Australia, and United Kingdom. Nationally representative population surveys ( = 1137; 1098; 1100) found that, across the three countries, 4. Read More

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September 2018
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Tracking of sport and exercise types from midlife to old age: a 20-year cohort study of British men.

Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 2018 7;15:16. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1UCL Department of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW3 2PF UK.

Background: Previous physical activity (PA) tracking studies have examined the stability of overall PA and/or PA types, but few have investigated how specific types of sport/exercise track over the life course. The aim of this study was to determine how specific sports/exercises in midlife track and predict future sport/exercise and PA in men transitioning to old age.

Methods: Seven thousand seven hundred thirty-five men (aged 40-59 years) recruited in 1978-80 were followed up after 12, 16 and 20 years. Read More

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December 2018

MoO on zeolites MCM-22, MCM-56 and 2D-MFI as catalysts for 1-octene metathesis.

Beilstein J Org Chem 2018 27;14:2931-2939. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Dolejškova 3, 182 23 Prague 8, Czech Republic.

Highly active olefin metathesis catalysts were prepared by thermal spreading MoO and/or MoO(acac) on MWW zeolites (MCM-22, delaminated MCM-56) and on two-dimensional MFI (all in NH form). The catalysts' activities were tested in the metathesis of neat 1-octene (as an example of a longer chain olefin) at 40 °C. Catalysts with 6 wt % or 5 wt % of Mo were used. Read More

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November 2018
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The development of simultaneous measurement of viral load and physical status for human papillomavirus 16 and 18 co-infection using multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

Oncol Lett 2018 Dec 4;16(6):6977-6987. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Center for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand.

Persistent infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 and 18 is known to be a major risk factor for cervical cancer. Increased prevalence of co-infection with these high-risk types has been observed in pre-cancerous and cancerous tissues. The determination of physical status and copy numbers of viruses is therefore useful in clinical settings. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of levels of D-dimer and interferon-γ in pediatric patients with pneumonia and its clinical implication.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 17;16(6):5025-5030. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang 161000, P.R. China.

Levels of D-dimer and interferon-γ (INF-γ) in pediatric patients with pneumonia (MPP) were assessed to explore its clinical implication in evaluating the disease severity and patients' prognosis. Enrolled in this study as subjects were 185 pediatric patients with MPP who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University and the First Hospital of Qiqihar City from January 2017 to October 2017 and 115 healthy children who underwent physical examination during the same time period. Patients were divided into two groups according to the severity of their pneumonia: Severe pneumonia group with 95 patients and mild pneumonia group with 90 patients. Read More

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December 2018

Extreme Geochemical Conditions and Dispersal Limitation Retard Primary Succession of Microbial Communities in Gold Tailings.

Front Microbiol 2018 28;9:2785. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

Microbial community succession in tailings materials is poorly understood at present, and likely to be substantially different from similar processes in natural primary successional environments due to the unusual geochemical properties of tailings and the isolated design of tailings storage facilities. This is the first study to evaluate processes of primary succession in microbial communities colonizing unamended tailings, and compare the relative importance of stochastic (predominantly dust-borne dispersal) and deterministic (strong selection pressures from extreme geochemical properties) processes in governing community assembly rates and trajectories to those observed in natural environments. Dispersal-based recruitment required > 6 months to shift microbial community composition in unamended, field-weathered gold tailings; and in the absence of targeted inoculants, recruitment was dominated by salt- and alkali-tolerant species. Read More

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November 2018

Domestic Violence Between Childhood Incest and Re-victimization: A Study Among Anti-violence Centers in Italy.

Front Psychol 2018 28;9:2377. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

FISPPA Department, University of Padova, Padua, Italy.

The study focuses on a specific problem in the area of child sexual abuse (CSA), which is still under-researched: the relationship between incest and adult female re-victimization treatment within the ambit of domestic violence in Italian centers. About 112 anti-violence centers were contacted, but only 13 participated and only 16 psychologists were interviewed to reconstruct the biographies of 32 victims. The study aimed to examine if and how the service centers recognized and dealt with the problem of re-victimization among survivors based on psychologists' narrations. Read More

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November 2018

Does Inside Equal Outside? Relations Between Older Adults' Implicit and Explicit Aging Attitudes and Self-Esteem.

Front Psychol 2018 22;9:2313. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Teacher Education and Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, China.

Attitudes toward one's own aging and self-esteem are crucial variables in predicting older adults' physical and mental health and can significantly affect their will to live, cognitive judgement and acceptance of medical treatment. However, little is known about the relation between the implicit attitude toward one's own aging and implicit self-esteem. This research explored consistencies between implicit and explicit attitudes toward one's own aging and between implicit and explicit self-esteem and explored their relations in 70 older adults aged 60-91 years old using the word and picture versions of the Implicit Association Test and standardized scales. Read More

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November 2018

Relationship Between Obesity, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Levels in Children and Adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of Gender Differences.

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1734. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department for Health Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.

This study aimed to examine: (i) the level of physical activity (PA), obesity indices and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among boys and girls in primary school, and (ii) to determine the association of obesity indices and PA with CRF for the total number of participants, and then separately for boys and girls. 753 sixth to ninth grade girls and boys aged 10-14 years took part in this cross-sectional study. The PA was assessed by the "Physical Activity Questionnaire - Children" and CRF was assessed by the Maximal multistage a 20 m shuttle run test. Read More

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November 2018

Left Ventricular Structure and Function in Elite Swimmers and Runners.

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1700. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Human Performance and Health Research Laboratory, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Sport-specific differences in the left ventricle (LV) of land-based athletes have been observed; however, comparisons to water-based athletes are sparse. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in LV structure and function in elite swimmers and runners. Sixteen elite swimmers [23 (2) years, 81% male, 69% white] and 16 age, sex, and race matched elite runners participated in the study. Read More

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November 2018

The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (. .

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1665. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Poyang is the largest freshwater lake in China, where the acoustic environment and space for the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoises (YFPs) has been altered by heavy vessel traffic and dredging activities. The density of vessel and the rate of dredging increases annually, especially in the area with the highest density of YFPs. The heavy vessel traffic can cause an increase in the physical activities and direct physical injuries to the YFPs. Read More

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November 2018

Indoxyl Sulfate Promotes Arterial Thrombosis in Rat Model via Increased Levels of Complex TF/VII, PAI-1, Platelet Activation as Well as Decreased Contents of SIRT1 and SIRT3.

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1623. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pharmacodynamics, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at a 20-fold higher risk of dying due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), primarily thrombosis following vascular injury. CKD is connected with retention of uremic toxins, especially indoxyl sulfate (IS), which are currently considered as a non-classical CKD-specific risk factor for CVDs. The present study aimed to examine the effect of chronic exposure to IS on the hemostatic system and arterial thrombosis in a model without greater interferences from the uremic milieu consisting of additional uremic toxins. Read More

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November 2018

Genetic Polymorphisms of TYMS, MTHFR, ATIC, MTR, and MTRR Are Related to the Outcome of Methotrexate Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis in a Chinese Population.

Front Pharmacol 2018 28;9:1390. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Analysis of the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and outcomes of methotrexate (MTX) therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China. TYMS 28 bp VNTR (rs34743033), MTHFR [677C>T (rs1801133) and 1298A>C (rs1801131)], ATIC 347C>G (rs2372536), MTR A2756G (rs1805087), and MTRR 66A>G (rs1801394) enzyme proteins may be related to the outcomes of MTX therapy, according to our previous meta-analysis. A total of 162 patients with RA were included in our study. Read More

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November 2018

The Effects of Natural Daylight on Length of Hospital Stay.

Environ Health Insights 2018 3;12:1178630218812817. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.

Background And Purpose: While providing medical services, hospitals generate many data about patients. Such medical data could contribute to better treatments once their associations or patterns have been identified. With properly analyzed medical data, traditional knowledge at an individual level could be further extended to broader populations. Read More

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December 2018

Health Dynamics in the Built Environment: An Urban Intensity Perspective - An Exploratory Study in Trinidad and Tobago.

Environ Health Insights 2018 29;12:1178630218811342. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Centre for Environmental Studies and Applied Life Sciences, The University of Trinidad and Tobago, Arima, Trinidad and Tobago.

The built environment encompasses the physical components of the environment, inclusive of infrastructure, households, buildings, streets, and open spaces, within which individuals reside and carry out their daily activities. It affects both indirectly and directly on the outdoor and indoor physical environment as well as the socio-economic environment. The elements which comprise the built environment and those of the physical and socio-economic environments, which are affected by it, are recognised as key determinants of health. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluation of remineralization potential and mechanical properties of pit and fissure sealants fortified with nano-hydroxyapatite and nano-amorphous calcium phosphate fillers: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):681-690

Department of Prosthodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: The aim of this study was: (i) to formulate pit and fissure sealants (PFS) containing nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAP) filler; nHAP filler and silica co-filler; nHAP and nano-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (nACP) co-filler, (ii) to evaluate physical properties; degree of conversion (DOC), curing depth (CD) and mechanical properties; microshear bond strength (MBS) of fortified PFS, and (iii) to assess remineralization potential and release of Ca and PO ions from newly synthesized sealants.

Materials And Methods: Four PFS were prepared using monomers with mixture of 35.5 wt % BisGMA, 35. Read More

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December 2018
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