2,067,439 results match your criteria Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics [Journal]


The self-perceptions of aging were an important factor associated with the quality of life in Chinese elderly with hypertension.

Psychogeriatrics 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: In China, quality of life (QOL) of the elderly with hypertension was lower than that of normal elderly and lower self-perceptions of aging (SPA) in the elderly with chronic diseases have been shown. Previous studies showed that SPA played a key role in QOL of the elderly. We hypothesised that SPA were associated with QOL in Chinese elderly with hypertension, with more negative SPA predicting lower QOL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12400DOI Listing
February 2019

A simple layer-stacking technique to generate biomolecular and mechanical gradients in photocrosslinkable hydrogels.

Biofabrication 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Minimally Invasive Therapeutics, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, UNITED STATES.

Physicochemical and biological gradients are desirable features for hydrogels to enhance their relevance to biological environments for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. Therefore, simple and efficient techniques to generate chemical, physical and biological gradients within hydrogels are highly desirable. This work demonstrates a technique to generate biomolecular and mechanical gradients in photocrosslinkable hydrogels by stacking and crosslinking prehydrogel solution in a layer by layer manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1758-5090/ab08b5DOI Listing
February 2019

Continuous intracerebroventricular injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide induces systemic organ dysfunction in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Exp Gerontol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Japan.

Systemic organ dysfunction is one of the important issues for the patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers. Recent evidences suggest that periodontitis is a possible risk factor for progression of AD and lipopolysaccharide derived from Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg-LPS) which is a major periodontopathic bacteria induces cognitive impairment in mice. However, the precise relationships between the brain exposure of Pg-LPS and systemic organ dysfunction in AD patients are still undetermined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise with depressive symptom severity among 17,839 U.S. adults.

Prev Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group (USQ PALs), Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, Queensland, Australia.

For the prevention and management of chronic diseases, global physical activity guidelines state that an adult should engage in regular moderate-to-vigorous aerobic physical activity (MVPA; e.g. walking, cycling, running) and muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE; e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019

Smaller Change in Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport Is Associated With Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Among Younger Patients.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Feb 20:363546519825499. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background:: Lower psychological readiness to return to sport has been reported for younger patients (≤20 years) who go on to a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, changes in psychological readiness and specific psychological responses associated with second injury have not been identified.

Purpose/hypothesis:: To identify changes in psychological readiness over time associated with a second ACL injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519825499DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular Interactions Between Plants and Insect Herbivores.

Annu Rev Plant Biol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland; email:

Diverse molecular processes regulate the interactions between plants and insect herbivores. Here, we review genes and proteins that are involved in plant-herbivore interactions and discuss how their discovery has structured the current standard model of plant-herbivore interactions. Plants perceive damage-associated and, possibly, herbivore-associated molecular patterns via receptors that activate early signaling components such as Ca, reactive oxygen species, and MAP kinases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-050718-095910DOI Listing
February 2019

How Good Can Single-Particle Cryo-EM Become? What Remains Before It Approaches Its Physical Limits?

Authors:
Robert M Glaeser

Annu Rev Biophys 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA; email:

Impressive though the achievements of single-particle cryo-electron microscopy are today, a substantial gap still remains between what is currently accomplished and what is theoretically possible. As is reviewed here, twofold or more improvements are possible as regards ( a) the detective quantum efficiency of cameras at high resolution, ( b) converting phase modulations to intensity modulations in the image, and ( c) recovering the full amount of high-resolution signal in the presence of beam-induced motion of the specimen. In addition, potential for improvement is reviewed for other topics such as optimal choice of electron energy, use of aberration correctors, and quantum metrology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-biophys-070317-032828DOI Listing
February 2019

Kinetics of Drug Binding and Residence Time.

Annu Rev Phys Chem 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, I-40126 Bologna, Italy; email:

The kinetics of drug binding and unbinding is assuming an increasingly crucial role in the long, costly process of bringing a new medicine to patients. For example, the time a drug spends in contact with its biological target is known as residence time (the inverse of the kinetic constant of the drug-target unbinding, 1/ k). Recent reports suggest that residence time could predict drug efficacy in vivo, perhaps even more effectively than conventional thermodynamic parameters (free energy, enthalpy, entropy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-physchem-042018-052340DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevention of Opioid Abuse and Treatment of Opioid Addiction: Current Status and Future Possibilities.

Annu Rev Biomed Eng 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering and College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA; email:

Prescription opioid medications have seen a dramatic rise in misuse and abuse, leading regulators and scientists to develop policies and abuse-deterrent technologies to combat the current opioid epidemic. These abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs) are intended to deter physical and chemical tampering of opioid-based products, while still providing safe and effective delivery for therapeutic purposes. Even though formulations with varying abuse-deterrent technologies have been approved, questions remain about their effectiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-bioeng-060418-052155DOI Listing
February 2019

Iron-Catalyzed ortho C-H Arylation and Methylation of Pivalophenone N-H Imines.

ChemSusChem 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Nanyang Technological University, Division of Chemistry & Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, 21 Nanyang Link, 637371, Singapore, SINGAPORE.

Iron-catalyzed ortho C-H arylation and methylation reactions of pivalophenone N-H imines are reported. The pivaloyl N-H imine proved to serve as an excellent directing group for the arylation using diarylzinc reagents in the presence of an iron-diphosphine catalyst and 2,3-dichlorobutane at room temperature. A similar catalytic system also allowed methylation using trimethylaluminum at 70 °C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201900164DOI Listing
February 2019

Silk Fluorescence Collimator for Ultrasensitive Humidity Sensing and Light-Harvesting in Semitransparent Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.

Small 2019 Feb 20:e1804171. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Research Institute for Biomimetics and Soft Matter, College of Materials, College of Physical Science and Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Soft Functional Materials Research, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.

This work examines the self-collimation effect of silk materials on fluorescence emission/detection. A macroscopic regulation strategy, coupled with meso-reconstruction and meso-functionalization, is adopted to amplify the fluorescence emission of organic fluorescent dyes (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201804171DOI Listing
February 2019

Polymer Dispersity Control via Organocatalyzed Living Radical Polymerization.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Nanyang Technological University, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, 21 Nanyang Link, 637371, SINGAPORE.

Molecular weight distribution of polymer, termed dispersity (Đ), is a fundamental key parameter for determining polymer material properties. This paper reports a novel approach for controlling Đ, exploiting a temperature-selective radical generation in organocatalyzed living radical polymerization. The polymers with tailored Đ were synthesized in a batch system without the assistance of an external pump. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201814573DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender differences in lifestyle and risk factors of metabolic syndrome: Do women have better health habits than men?

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, No.261, Wenhua 1st Rd., Guishan Dist. 33303, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Aims And Objectives: The purpose of this paper was to examine the gender-specific lifestyles of adults with metabolic syndrome in the Taiwanese community.

Background: Many studies show different prevalence of metabolic syndrome in males and females, however few studies have investigated gender-specific lifestyle risk factors, which are important for effectively reducing prevalence.

Design: A cross-sectional study design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14824DOI Listing
February 2019

Homelessness among youth who identify as LGBTQ+: A systematic review.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.

Aims And Objectives: To explore homelessness among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning plus (LGBTQ+) youth and to identify their support and care requirements.

Background: LGBTQ+ youth face many health and societal challenges including issues related to homelessness.

Design: A systematic review of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14818DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of a safe transition program for discharged patients with high unmet needs.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Aims And Objectives: To examine the effects of the Patient-Oriented Safe Transition program on 30-day unplanned readmissions and emergency department visits, medical costs, caregiver burden, and patient health-related quality of life.

Background: With the success of hospitals' quality improvement efforts, the number of discharged patients has been increasing. Successful management of discharged patients is needed in order to reduce unplanned readmissions and to improve patient health outcomes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocn.14831
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14831DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

mHDFS-HoF: A generalized multilevel homodesmotic fragment-separation reaction based program for heat-of-formation calculation for acyclic hydrocarbons.

J Comput Chem 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Chemical Engineering Department, International University, VNU-HCM, Vietnam.

Based on our modified classification of elemental species, a framework for automatic generation of multilevel Homodesmotic fragment-separation (mHDFS) reactions for chemical species was proposed. Combined the mHDFS framework with a database of heat of formation (HoF) and the calculated electronic structure data for the elemental mHD species, the mHDFS-HoF program was constructed in C/C++ language to calculate heat of formation for a species of interest on-the-fly. Using the electronic structure data calculated at CBS-QB3 level of theory for the elemental mHD species, applications and robustness of the code were discussed with several acyclic hydrocarbon systems including neutral and radical species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcc.25790DOI Listing
February 2019

Examining the contribution of surrounding intact skin during cutaneous healing.

J Anat 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Severe cutaneous wounds expose the body to the external environment, which may lead to impairments in bodily functions and increased risk of infection. There is a need to develop skin substitutes which could effectively promote complete skin regeneration following an injury. Murine models are used to test such skin substitutes, but their healing involves contraction of the dermis not found in human wounds. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/joa.12941
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12941DOI Listing
February 2019
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The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2) for evaluating civilian mild traumatic brain injury. A pilot normative study.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212541. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Neurotraumatology and Neurosurgery Research Unit (UNINN), Vall d'Hebron Research Institute (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain.

Self-report measures, particularly symptom inventories, are critical tools for identifying patients with persistent post-concussion symptoms and their follow-up. Unlike in military or sports-related assessment, in general civilian settings pre-injury levels of concussion-like symptoms are lacking. Normative data are available in adolescent and college populations, but no reference data exist to guide clinical adult explorations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212541PLOS
February 2019

A multifactorial approach of nutritional, intellectual, brain development, cardiovascular risk, socio-economic, demographic and educational variables affecting the scholastic achievement in Chilean students: An eight- year follow-up study.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212279. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Laboratory of Nutrition and Neurological Sciences, Human Nutrition Area, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology Dr. Fernando Monckeberg Barros (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.

The aim of this study was to quantitate the relative impact of nutritional, intellectual, brain development, cardiovascular risk, socio-economic, demographic and educational variables on the results of the 2009 Quality Education Measurement System (SIMCE) tests of language and mathematics for scholastic achievement (SA) applying a multifactorial approach, in school-age children of the 2010 5th elementary school grade (5ESG) and of the 1st grade of high school (1HSG). The purposes were: i) to test the hypothesis that intellectual ability, the level of SA of the educational establishments in the 2009 SIMCE tests, sex, parental schooling levels, and head circumference-for-age Z-score are the most relevant parameters associated with 2009 SIMCE outcomes; ii) to determine the predictive ability of the 2009 SIMCE results in determining the 2013 SIMCE outcomes for the 2010 5ESG cohort (when they graduated from elementary school, 8th grade) and for determining the 2013 University Selection Test (PSU) outcomes for the 2010 1HSG group (for university admission, when they graduated from high school, 4th grade); iii) to determine the association between the 2009 SIMCE results with the 2017 PSU outcomes for the 2010 5ESG group (for university admission, when they graduated from high school, 4th grade). A representative, proportional and stratified sample of 33 schools of the Metropolitan Region of Chile was randomly chosen. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212279PLOS
February 2019

Transition to middle school: Self-concept changes.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212640. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Self-concept influences identity and the way that people behave, and it fluctuates over time. The main purpose of this study was to analyze fluctuations in the dimensions of self-concept as a function of gender, educational level, grade, age, physical activity, and weight. In total, 712 Spanish adolescents who were in the 5th and 8th grades (354 boys and 358 girls) and 10 to 14 years old (M = 11. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212640PLOS
February 2019

Association of physical fitness components and health-related quality of life in women with systemic lupus erythematosus with mild disease activity.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212436. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Almería, Almería, Spain.

Objectives: To study the association of different components of physical fitness [flexibility, muscle strength and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)] and a clustered fitness score with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to analyze whether participants with high fitness level have better HRQoL.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 70 women with SLE (aged 42.5; SD 13. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212436PLOS
February 2019

Does aerobic exercise associated with tryptophan supplementation attenuates hyperalgesia and inflammation in female rats with experimental fibromyalgia?

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211824. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, MG-Brazil.

The objective of this study was to verify the effects of aerobic exercise associated with tryptophan (TRP) supplementation on hyperalgesia, as well as on cortisol, IL-6 and TNF concentrations in female rats with experimental fibromyalgia (FM). Female Wistar rats (initial body weight: ~ 350 g; age: 12 months) were randomly divided into 5 groups: CON (Control); F (Fibromyalgia induced); FE (Fibromyalgia induced plus exercise); FES (Fibromyalgia induced plus exercise and TRP supplementation) and FS (Fibromyalgia induced plus TRP supplementation). Fibromyalgia was induced with two injections (20 μL) of acidic saline (pH 4. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211824PLOS
February 2019

Transverse tendon stiffness is reduced in people with Achilles tendinopathy: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211863. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada.

Objectives: The objective of the current cross-sectional study was to examine Achilles tendon transverse stiffness in a group of recreational runners with Achilles tendinopathy, in comparison to an asymptomatic group of runners with similar training history. We also aimed to determine the between-week intra-individual reliability of this measurement technique.

Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211863PLOS
February 2019

The effect of cycling on cognitive function and well-being in older adults.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211779. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.

It has been demonstrated that, on their own, both exercise and stimulation from the environment can improve cognitive function and well-being in older adults. The combined effect of exercising in the outdoor environment on psychological function is less well studied. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of an outdoor cycling intervention on cognitive function and mental health and well-being in older adults. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211779PLOS
February 2019

A pilot study of metabolic fitness effects of weight-supported walking in women with obesity.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211529. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Surgery, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America.

Background: This is an exploratory pilot study of novel technology enabling people with mobility disability to walk with minimal effort, in the "sedentary range". The study's premise is that impairment of the leading physical activity of daily living, walking, is a major contributor to a dysmetabolic state driving many prevalent "civilization diseases" associated with insulin resistance.

Methods: We explore within-subject changes in standard oral glucose tolerance (OGT) tests including metabotropic molecules after 22 twice-weekly, 30-minute bouts of weight-supported light-moderate physical activity in 16 non-diabetic obese, otherwise healthy, reproductive-age, volunteer women walking on an "anti-gravity" lower-body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmill. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211529PLOS
February 2019

Mental health in individuals with spinal cord injury: The role of socioeconomic conditions and social relationships.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0206069. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland.

Objectives: To evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in social relationships, and to assess whether socioeconomic conditions and social relationships are independently related to mental health problems in individuals with a physical disability due to spinal cord injury (SCI).

Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 511 individuals with SCI aged over 16 years who participated in the community survey of the Swiss SCI Cohort Study (SwiSCI). Indicators for socioeconomic conditions included years of formal education, household income, and financial strain. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206069PLOS
February 2019

Diagnostic and Management Options of Osteoblastoma in the Spine.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 20;25:1362-1372. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Bone and Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Osteoblastoma is a rare, benign, osteolytic neoplasm commonly found in the spine in early adulthood. Here, we review the clinical characteristics, radiographic findings, and surgical management of patients with spinal osteoblastoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirteen patients with osteoblastoma who underwent surgery at our institute from June 2008 to November 2017 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913666DOI Listing
February 2019

Ultrasound-Guided Perisutural Botulinum Toxin Injection for Chronic Migraine Headache: Initial Report With Technical Description.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ankara.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001120DOI Listing
December 2018

T and B cell subsets differentially correlate with amyloid deposition and neurocognitive function in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment after one year of physical activity.

Exerc Immunol Rev 2019 ;25:34-49

Dept. of Neurology & Neurotherapeutics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 6000 Harry Hines, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. Dept. of Neurology, University of Kentucky, 741 S. Limestone St, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA.

Individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) experience cognitive declines in learning and memory greater than expected for normal aging, and are at a high risk of dementia. We previously reported that sedentary aMCI patients exhibited neuroinflammation that correlated with brain amyloid beta (Aβ) burden, as determined by 18F-florbetapir positron emission tomography (PET). These aMCI patients enrolled in a one-year randomized control trial (AETMCI, NCT01146717) to test the beneficial effects of 12 months of moderate-to-high intensity aerobic exercise training (AET) or stretching/toning (ST) control intervention on neurocognitive function. Read More

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January 2019

Unconscious Detection of One's Own Image.

Psychol Sci 2019 Feb 20:956797618822971. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1 Laboratory of Language Neurobiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology of Polish Academy of Sciences.

A key mechanism behind preferential processing of self-related information might be an early and automatic capture of attention. Therefore, the present study tested a hypothesis that one's own face will attract bottom-up attention even without conscious identification. To test this, we used a dot-probe paradigm with electrophysiological recordings, in which participants ( N = 18) viewed masked and unmasked pairs of faces (other, self) presented laterally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797618822971DOI Listing
February 2019

Ergonomic Benefits of an Angle Grinder With Rotatable Main Handle in a Cutting Task.

Hum Factors 2019 Feb 20:18720819827184. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Tartu, Estonia.

Objective:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ergonomic benefits of an angle grinder with a rotatable main handle in a cutting task.

Background:: Angle grinder manufacturers rarely address ergonomic features in their advertisements, and if they do, the benefits are expressed in a qualitative manner. Meanwhile, quantitative information about the effects of the device on the worker is required to make informed decisions during tool selection and cumulative trauma prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720819827184DOI Listing
February 2019
1.694 Impact Factor

Impaired posture, movement preparation, and execution during both paretic and nonparetic reaching following stroke.

J Neurophysiol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, United States.

Posture and movement planning, preparation, and execution of a goal-directed reaching movement are impaired in individuals with stroke. No studies have shown whether the deficits are generally impaired or are specific to the lesioned hemisphere/ paretic arm. This study utilized StartReact (SR) responses elicited by loud acoustic stimuli (LAS) to investigate the preparation and execution of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) and reach movement response during both the paretic and nonparetic arm reaching in individuals with stroke and age-matched healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00694.2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Dog handlers' experiences of therapy dogs' impact on life near death for persons with dementia.

Int J Palliat Nurs 2019 Feb;25(2):65-71

Associate Professor, Senior Lecturer, RN, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Sweden and Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background:: Persons with dementia may have severe physical and psychological symptoms at the end of life. A therapy dog used in their care can provide comfort and relieve their anxiety. The dog handler guides the dog during the interaction with the patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2019.25.2.65DOI Listing
February 2019

Monte Carlo Molecular Modeling of Temperature and Pressure Effects on the Interactions between Crystalline Calcium Silicate Hydrate Layers.

Authors:
Tulio Honorio

Langmuir 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The interactions of calcium silicate hydrates with water are at the heart of critical features of cement-based materials behavior such as drying and autogenous shrinkage, hysteresis, creep and thermal expansion. In this article, the interactions between nanocrystalline layers of calcium silicate hydrates are computed from Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) molecular simulations. The effects of temperature, chemical potential and pressure on these interactions are studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b04156DOI Listing
February 2019

Synergistic Effect of Cu/CeO and Pt-BaO/CeO Catalysts for a Low-Temperature Lean NO Trap.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology , Daejeon 34141 , Republic of Korea.

A lean NO trap (LNT) catalyst has been widely used for removing NO exhaust from lean-burn engines. However, the operation range of LNT has been limited because of the poor activity of LNT catalysts at low temperatures (≤300 °C), especially in urban driving conditions. To increase NO removal efficiency during lean-rich cycle operation, a Cu/CeO (CC) catalyst was added to a Pt-BaO/CeO (PBC) catalyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b05329DOI Listing
February 2019

Antibiotic prophylaxis prior to urodynamic study in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. Is there an indication?

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Feb 10;45. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Serviço de Lesão Medular, Rede Sarah de Hospitais de Reabilitação, Brasília, DF, Brasil.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) that have been hospitalized for physical-functional rehabilitation purposes.

Objectives: To compare the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after urodynamic study (UDS) in three hospitals that adopted different protocols with regard to the preparation of patients.

Setting: Sarah Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0574DOI Listing
February 2019

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Thermoelectric Materials and Devices.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Wenzhou University, Nano-materials & Chemistry Key Laboratory, Xueyuan Middle Road, 325027, Wenzhou, CHINA.

Hybrid organic-inorganic materials have been considered as a new candidate in the field of thermoelectric materials from the last decade due to their great potential to enhance the thermoelectric performance by utilizing the low thermal conductivity of organic materials and the high Seebeck coefficient, and high electrical conductivity of inorganic materials. Herein, we provide an overview of interfacial engineering in the synthesis of various organic-inorganic thermoelectric hybrid materials, along with the dimensional design for tuning their thermoelectric properties. Interfacial effects are examined in terms of nanostructures, physical properties and chemical doping between the inorganic and organic components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201901106DOI Listing
February 2019

Edge Segregated Polymorphism in 2D Molybdenum Carbide.

Adv Mater 2019 Feb 20:e1808343. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore, 17543, Singapore.

Molybdenum carbide (Mo C), a class of unterminated MXene, is endowed with rich polymorph chemistry, but the growth conditions of the various polymorphs are not understood. Other than the most commonly observed T-phase Mo C, little is known about other phases. Here, Mo C crystals are successfully grown consisting of mixed polymorphs and polytypes via a diffusion-mediated mechanism, using liquid copper as the diffusion barrier between the elemental precursors of Mo and C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201808343DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk factors for hypertension in Canada.

Health Rep 2019 Feb;30(2):3-13

Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, and the Institute of Clinical and Evaluative Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: Hypertension (or high blood pressure) affects almost one in four adults in Canada. Quantifying risk factors associated with hypertension may help to inform prevention efforts.

Data And Methods: Data from the first four cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (including 13,407 respondents) were used to identify hypertension status by systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the use of antihypertensive medications. Read More

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February 2019

Changes in Sexual Functioning in Women and Men in the 5 Years After Bariatric Surgery.

JAMA Surg 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Short-term improvements in sexual functioning are reported after bariatric surgery, but to our knowledge, little is known about the durability of these improvements.

Objective: To determine the percentage of adults with impairment in sexual functioning who experience durable improvements in sexual functioning after bariatric surgery and to identify factors associated with improvements.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 is an observational cohort study conducted at 10 hospitals in 6 US clinical centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1162DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of Antipsychotic Polypharmacy vs Monotherapy With Psychiatric Rehospitalization Among Adults With Schizophrenia.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Importance: The effectiveness of antipsychotic polypharmacy in schizophrenia relapse prevention is controversial, and use of multiple agents is generally believed to impair physical well-being.

Objective: To study the association of specific antipsychotic combinations with psychiatric rehospitalization.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this nationwide cohort study, the risk of psychiatric rehospitalization was used as a marker for relapse among 62 250 patients with schizophrenia during the use of 29 different antipsychotic monotherapy and polypharmacy types between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2015, in a comprehensive, nationwide cohort in Finland. Read More

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http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4320DOI Listing
February 2019
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Physical Inactivity in Brazil and Sweden - Different Countries, Similar Problem.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2019 Feb;112(2):119-120

Departament of Neuroscience and Physiology, Center for Health and Performance, Göteborg University & Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Ostra, Gothenburg - Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20190010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371836PMC
February 2019

Risk factors for physical disability upon release from multidrug therapy in new cases of leprosy at a referral center in Brazil.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2019 Feb 14;61:e13. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Faculdade de Medicina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Infectologia e Medicina Tropical, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The present study sought to investigate the risk factors for physical disability upon release from multidrug therapy (MDT) in new cases of leprosy, registered at a referral center in Brazil. This is a longitudinal and retrospective study that evaluated 260 patients. Multivariate analyses, using both the ordinal logistic regression, as well as the classification and regression tree (CART) algorithm were performed to determine the factors associated with physical disability upon release from treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201961013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376927PMC
February 2019

Life habits of hypertensive elderly men.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2019 Feb 18;40:e20180115. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidade Federal de Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde do Trairi (FACISA). Santa Cruz, RN, Brasil.

Objectives: To identify the habits of life in elderly hypertensive men of the city of Currais Novos/RN; correlate life habits and presence of comorbidities.

Methods: An exploratory and descriptive, quantitative study with a sample of 136 elderly hypertensive patients. Data collection took place from August to October 2016, through the structured interview technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2019.20180115DOI Listing
February 2019

Children in outpatient follow-up: perspectives of care identified in interviews with puppet.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2019 Feb 18;40:e20180103. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Centro Colaborador da OPAS/OMS para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Enfermagem. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the perspective of children on their health condition and experiences related to outpatient hospital care and the use of the puppets as a playful strategy to collect data.

Method: A qualitative study with 16 children diagnosed with chronic diseases recruited in a pediatric outpatient clinic in countryside of Sao Paulo. Data were collected in October 2016 using a semi-structured interview and a puppet to facilitate communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2019.20180103DOI Listing
February 2019

Perception of neighborhood disorder and blood pressure in adults: a multilevel population-based study.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Feb 18;35(2):e00016418. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil.

The aim of this study was to verify whether the perception of neighborhood physical and social disorder is associated with increased systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), as well as to examine the influence of the residential census tract's socioeconomic status on this association. This was a cross-sectional study that included a representative sample of 1,720 adults 20 to 59 years of age living in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Two blood pressure measurements were taken, and information was collected on the perception of neighborhood disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00016418DOI Listing
February 2019

[Access to public physical activity programs in Brazil: National Health Survey, 2013].

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Feb 18;35(2):e00008618. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil.

The article sought to describe awareness of public physical activity programs, practice of physical activity in public programs and barriers related to non-participation in these programs in a national representative sample according to sex, age, skin color, income, state and having been visited by a family health team (EqSF, in Portuguese) in the previous year. This is a cross-sectional survey with data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013. We carried out descriptive analyses using the distribution of relative frequencies and their respective 95% confidence intervals, weighted in the sample design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00008618DOI Listing
February 2019

Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy: the liver affects the heart.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2019 Feb 14;52(2):e7809. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Hospital Municipal Dr. Mario Gatti, Campinas, SP, Brasil.

Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy historically has been confused as alcoholic cardiomyopathy. The key points for diagnosis of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy have been well explained, however this entity was neglected for a long time. Nowadays the diagnosis of this entity has become important because it is a factor that contributes significantly to morbidity-mortality in cirrhotic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20187809DOI Listing
February 2019

Patient, Caregiver, and Clinician Perspectives on Expectations for Home Healthcare after Discharge: A Qualitative Case Study.

J Hosp Med 2019 Feb;14(2):90-95

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.

Background: Patients discharged from the hospital with skilled home healthcare (HHC) services have multiple comorbidities, high readmission rates, and multiple care needs. In prior work, HHC nurses described that patients often express expectations for services beyond the scope of skilled HHC.

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare expectations for HHC from the patient, caregiver, and HHC perspectives after hospital discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.DOI Listing
February 2019

Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):169-173

3Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy,UNESP,Presidente Prudente,SP,Brazil.

Background: Graded exercises tests are performed in adult populations; nonetheless, the use of this type of assessment is greatly understudied in overweight and obese adolescents.

Objective: To investigate heart rate autonomic responses to submaximal aerobic exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Methods: We recruited 40 adolescents divided into two groups: (1) overweight group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls between Z-score +1 and +2 and (2) obese group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls above Z-score >+2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002007DOI Listing
February 2019
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