1,624 results match your criteria Photomedicine and Laser Surgery [Journal]


Is Laser the Best Choice for the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis?

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 11;36(11):569-570

Dental Research Division, Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, University of Guarulhos (UnG) , Guarulhos, Brazil .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4521DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Photobiomodulation Therapy in Bone Repair Associated with Bone Morphogenetic Proteins and Guided Bone Regeneration: A Histomorphometric Study.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov;36(11):581-588

6 Center of Biophotonics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia , Salvador, Brazil .

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of photobiomodulation for bone repair of critical surgical wounds with implants of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and bovine biological membranes, using histological and histomorphometric analysis.

Background: Tissue engineering has been developing rapidly through the use of various biomaterials for the treatment of bone defects, such as mechanical barriers consisting of biological membranes and implants of biomaterials for bone supply.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-two male rats were divided into four groups (n = 8): group I-C: control; group II-PT: photobiomodulation therapy; group III-PM: Gen-Pro BMPs+Gen-Derm membrane; and group IV-PMPT: Gen-Pro BMPs+Gen-Derm membrane+photobiomodulation therapy. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2017.4421
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4421DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Pulsed Transcranial Red/Near-Infrared Light Therapy Using Light-Emitting Diodes Improves Cerebral Blood Flow and Cognitive Function in Veterans with Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case Series.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

8 Penrose-St. Francis Health Services , Emergency Department, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

Objective: This study explored the outcome of applying red/near-infrared light therapy using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) pulsed with three different frequencies transcranially to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Veterans.

Background: Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using LEDs has been shown to have positive effects on TBI in humans and animal models.

Materials And Methods: Twelve symptomatic military Veterans diagnosed with chronic TBI >18 months post-trauma received pulsed transcranial PBMT (tPBMT) using two neoprene therapy pads containing 220 infrared and 180 red LEDs, generating a power output of 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4489DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Therapeutic Efficacy of Home-Use Photobiomodulation Devices: A Systematic Literature Review.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

2 Laser Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg , Johannesburg, South Africa .

Objective: Perform systematic literature review on photobiomodulation (PBM) devices used at home for nonesthetic applications.

Background: Home-use PBM devices have been marketed for cosmetic and therapeutic purposes. This is the first systematic literature review for nonesthetic applications. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4512
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4512DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Effect of Combining Erythrosine with a High-Power Dental Curing Light Appliance on the Viability of a Planktonic Culture of Streptococcus mutans.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

6 Department of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil .

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) composed of the association of the photosensitizer (PS) erythrosine irradiated by a high-intensity dental light source against a culture of Streptococcus mutans, comparing this effect with that of a 0.12% chlorhexidine solution.

Materials And Methods: For this purpose, planktonic suspensions of S. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4517
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4517DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Transcranial Photobiomodulation for the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. The ELATED-2 Pilot Trial.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

8 Adult Psychopharmacology Program, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York, New York.

Objective: Our objective was to test the antidepressant effect of transcranial photobiomodulation (t-PBM) with near-infrared (NIR) light in subjects suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD).

Background: t-PBM with NIR light is a new treatment for MDD. NIR light is absorbed by mitochondria; it boosts cerebral metabolism, promotes neuroplasticity, and modulates endogenous opioids, while decreasing inflammation and oxidative stress. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4490
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4490DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Treatment Outcome of Oral Leukoplakia with Er:YAG Laser: A 5-Year Follow-Up Prospective Comparative Study.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Oral Medicine Section, Department of Surgical Sciences, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin , Turin, Italy .

Objective: The purpose of this prospective analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of erbium-substituted yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser compared with that of conventional surgery, regarding the long-term outcome of nondysplastic oral leukoplakias (OL).

Background: To date, this comparison has never been performed.

Methods: Patients were randomly allocated to two different groups: some underwent surgical excision with traditional scalpel (Group TrSc) and others underwent an ablative session with Er:YAG laser (Group Las), with these modalities: 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4491DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Carbon Arc Lamp Irradiation on Wound Healing in a Rat Cutaneous Full-Thickness Wound Model.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

1 Department of Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University , Innovative Technology Research Institute of Tissue Repair and Regeneration, Key Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine, Ministry of Education, Guangzhou, P.R. China .

Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the application of a carbon arc lamp on wound healing in a rat cutaneous full-thickness wound model.

Background Data: In clinical practice, wound healing has been promoted by irradiation with a carbon arc lamp. However, the corresponding mechanism has not been clearly defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4447DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

A Conservative Approach for Localized Spongiotic Gingivitis Hyperplasia Using Photodynamic Therapy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

1 Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília , Brasília, Brazil .

Objective: To describe a clinical case of successful conservative management of Localized Juvenile Spongiotic Gingivitis Hyperplasia (LJSGH) using photodynamic therapy (PDT) and reviews the current literature on this pathology.

Background Data: LJSGH is a recently described rare disease with controversial treatment results. As of today, 13 publications report surgical treatment approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4454DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Nonsurgical Periodontal Treatment by Erbium:Yag Laser Promotes Regression of Gingival Overgrowth in Patient Taking Cyclosporine A: A Case Report.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

1 Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, Complex Operating Unit of Odontostomatology, "Aldo Moro" University of Bari , Bari, Italy .

Objective And Background: To report on a case of cyclosporine A-related gingival overgrowth (GO) treated by conventional scaling and Erbium:YAG laser that unexpectedly showed complete healing with normalization of the gingiva, making unnecessary further surgical treatment for gingival volume reduction. Since Erbium:YAG laser was approved in 1997 by the U.S. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4478
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4478DOI Listing
October 2018
28 Reads

Dosimetry of a Carbon Dioxide Laser for Black Tattoo Removal in a Rat Model.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM/UNIFESP) , São Paulo/SP, Brazil .

Objective: To determine the optimal parameters of power, energy, and time for the application of a carbon dioxide laser for Tribal Black ink tattoo removal.

Background Data: The use of antiquated techniques to remove tattoos demonstrates the difficulty of making advances in this field. Studies by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery have shown that 5% of the global population has at least one tattoo on the body, with 10% of them wanting a tattoo to be removed. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4506
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4506DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Early Low-Level Laser Therapy Improves the Passive Range of Motion and Decreases Pain in Patients with Flexor Tendon Injury.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct;36(10):530-535

1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Research, and Developmental Center, 15 Khordad Educational Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran .

Background: To obtain the best result from flexor tendon repair surgery, proper surgical technique, appropriate materials, good rehabilitation, and patient satisfaction are essential to consider. Nevertheless, no general unique protocol still exists between researchers, for a suitable treatment plan.

Objective: The aim of the present random clinical trial (RCT) was to determine the adjuvant effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on healing tendon injury in patients. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4458
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4458DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Adhesion of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis on Er:YAG Laser-Irradiated Dental Enamel: Effect of Surface Roughness.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

3 Instituto de Física , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México.

Objective: To determine surface roughness caused by Er:YAG laser irradiation and its effect on the increase in bacterial adhesion.

Background: Er:YAG laser was proposed as a strategic device to reduce caries by its ability to generate chemical and structural changes in tooth enamel; in turn, it produces undesirable effects on the tooth surface that could increase its roughness and allow a greater accumulation of microorganisms.

Methods: Eighty-four samples of human enamel were divided into seven groups (n = 12): G1_control (no laser irradiation); G2_100/HO, G3_200/HO, and G4_300/HO were irradiated with Er:YAG laser (12. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4471
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4471DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Effects of Laser Photobiomodulation and Ozone Therapy on Palatal Epithelial Wound Healing and Patient Morbidity.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 27;36(11):571-580. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

1 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey .

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) and topical ozone therapy on the reepithelialization of palatal donor site wounds through clinical assessment and computer-aided image analysis and to assess the patient morbidity following free gingival graft (FGG) surgeries.

Material And Methods: Thirty-six patients requiring FGG were randomly allocated into three groups: laser group (n = 12), ozone group (n = 12), and control group (n = 12). Epithelialization was evaluated by applying 3% hydrogen peroxide (HO) to the wound area and also measured by using digital image analysis (ImageJ). Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4492
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4492DOI Listing
November 2018
26 Reads

Microcrack Analysis of Dental Hard Tissue After Root Canal Irradiation with a 970-nm Diode Laser.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 27;36(11):621-628. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

2 Department of Orthodontics, University of Marburg , Marburg, Germany .

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in the amount of dentin microcracking caused by the use of a 970-nm diode laser with different parameters for endodontic disinfection procedures.

Materials And Methods: Forty dental roots underwent mechanical endodontic preparation in a standardized manner. Each sample was randomly allocated to 4 groups receiving constant or interval laser irradiation time, calcium hydroxide disinfection, or a control group, with 10 samples per group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4470DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

In Vivo Analysis of Photobiomodulation Genotoxicity Using the Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 22;36(10):536-540. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

1 Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA) , Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil .

Background: Photobiomodulation (PBM) has been studied mainly for its effects on the repair, regeneration, and healing of tissue due to its direct and indirect actions on cell proliferation. However, it is necessary to consider the way in which laser acts, that is, whether it affects the rates of spontaneous mutation and mitotic recombination of cells.

Objective: This study investigated the genotoxic potential of PBM (904 nm) based on an in vivo bioassay that concomitantly evaluates mitotic recombination and point and chromosomal mutations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4468DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Long-Term Effects of Intense Pulsed Light Combined with Meibomian Gland Expression in the Treatment of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 22;36(10):562-567. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

1 Department of Ophthalmology and Peking University First Hospital , Beijing, China .

Objective: To evaluate the long-term effects of intense pulsed light (IPL) combined with meibomian gland expression (MGX) in the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).

Background: Although IPL has been proven to be effective in the treatment of MGD, any report regarding its long-term efficacy is unavailable by now.

Methods: The randomly selected study eye received a series of three IPL treatments that were applied directly on eyelids with an interval of 4 weeks (treatment energy, 14-16 J/cm). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4499DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Laser-Assisted Microdiscectomy for Far Lateral Lumbar Disc Herniation at the L5-S1 Level.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 21;36(10):555-561. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

2 Department of Neurosurgery, Wooridul Spine Hospital , Seoul, South Korea .

Objective: Laser-assisted paraspinal microdiscectomy for far lateral lumbar disc herniation (LDH) enables direct access to the foraminal or far lateral zone with minimal tissue injury and preserves facet joints, thereby preventing postoperative segmental instability. We demonstrated the clinical outcomes of this technique and discussed the pros and cons of laser use in lumbar disc surgery.

Background: The microdiscectomy technique for L5-S1 far lateral zone may be difficult due to the limited surgical field with narrowed disc space, hypertrophied facet, and sacral ala. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4497DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Emerging Applications of Photobiomodulation Therapy: The Interaction Between Metabolomics and the Microbiome.

Authors:
Ann Liebert

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 10 19;36(10):515-517. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Photomolecular Research Lab, Australasian Research Institute , Wahroonga, Australia .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4527DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Resurfacing with Ablation of Periorbital Skin Technique: Indications, Efficacy, Safety, and 3D Assessment from a Pilot Study.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 20;36(10):541-547. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

8 Istituto di diagnosi e terapie dermatologiche ed estetiche (ISDET) , Bari, Italy .

Objectives And Background: Nowadays, several approaches for skin rejuvenation of the lower eyelid are available. We present a new technique of resurfacing with ablation of periorbital skin (RAP) performed in a single session.

Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 20 patients showing skin elastosis with or without evidence of the nasojugal fold and atrophic and dyschromic skin or needing a combined approach of transconjuntival lower blepharoplasty for fat bag removal. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4479
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199626PMC
October 2018
17 Reads
1.580 Impact Factor

Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Luted with RMGIC After Er:YAG Laser Etching with Two Pulse Modes Using a Digitally Controlled "X-Runner" Handpiece.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 18;36(11):608-613. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb , Zagreb, Croatia .

Objective: To compare the shear bond strength (SBS) values of orthodontic brackets luted using a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on enamel surfaces etched using either an Er:YAG laser in two different working modes, or a conventional etching protocol, including phosphoric acid.

Materials And Methods: Sixty healthy human premolars were randomly allocated to three experimental groups (n = 20) and etched with: Group 1: Er:YAG laser in super-short pulse (SSP) mode (100 mJ, 20 Hz, 2 W); Group 2: Er:YAG laser in quantum square pulse mode (120 mJ, 10 Hz, 1.2 W) using a digitally controlled handpiece ("X-Runner"); Group 3 (control): 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4461DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Bonding Strength of Orthodontic Brackets on Porcelain Surfaces Etched by Er:YAG Laser.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 18;36(11):601-607. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1 Department of Stomatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing, China .

Objective: To evaluate the effect of erbium: yttrium aluminium garnet laser conditioning bond strength of orthodontic brackets on porcelain surfaces.

Background: There are few studies that evaluate the effect of Er:YAG laser about orthodontic bonding on porcelain surface. The efficacy of Er:YAG laser in porcelain conditioning is controversial. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2017.4429
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4429DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Percutaneous Lumbar Laser Discectomy: Literature Review and a Retrospective Analysis of 65 Cases.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 18;36(10):518-521. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Anesthesiology and Pain Management, California Back and Pain Specialist , Van Nuys, California.

Background: Percutaneous lumbar laser discectomy is a minimally invasive treatment option for patients with a contained disc herniation with back and/or leg pain.

Objective: The goal of this study was to present our experience and results with patients who underwent percutaneous lumbar laser discectomy in our practice.

Methods: A total of 65 patients were included, and their charts were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4460DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Shear Bond Strength of Different CAD/CAM Ceramics: Acid vs Er:YAG Laser Etching.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 18;36(11):614-620. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

4 Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University , Guangzhou, China .

Objective: To evaluate whether Er:YAG laser etching could be an alternative surface treatment to hydrofluoric (HF) acid etching.

Background: Surface treatment is important to bonding properties and utility times of computer aided design/computer aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) dental ceramics. The traditional method of HF acid etching is harmful to humans if not handled properly. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4475
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4475DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

A New Method for Investigation of Different Tissues Using Femtosecond Laser Mass Spectrometry.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 18;36(10):548-554. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Selçuk , Selçuklu, Konya, Turkey .

Background: Femtosecond laser mass spectrometry (FLMS) has become an important tool for investigation of chemical and biological materials in many areas from medical to industrial.

Objective: In medicine, the morphological examination of tissues is determined by performing pathological investigations under microscope. However, some novel improvements or developments must be performed for much faster diagnosis of the tissue during the operation when patient is under anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4496DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

The Management of Melasma on Skin Types V and VI Using Light Emitting Diode Treatment.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Oct 18;36(10):522-529. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

2 Faculty of Health Sciences, Laser Research Centre, University of Johannesburg , Doornfontein, South Africa .

Objective: This study investigated light emitting diode (LED) treatment for patients with melasma on darker skin types.

Background: Melasma is a common disfiguring skin condition in women which is difficult to treat and is refractory. The cause of melasma remains unclear. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4486
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4486DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Long-Term Effect of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser in the Treatment of Patients with Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep;36(9):506-513

3 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, King Faisal Hospital , Makkah, Saudi Arabia .

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term effect of pulsed Nd:YAG laser on the treatment of rotator cuff tendinopathy.

Methods: Sixty patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy participated and completed the study. The mean age was 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4476DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Comparison of Er,Cr:YSGG Laser Handpieces for Class II Preparation and Microleakage of Silorane- or Methacrylate-Based Composite Restorations.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep;36(9):499-505

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University , Ankara, Turkey .

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cavity preparation with different Er,Cr:YSGG laser handpieces on microleakage of different posterior composite restorations.

Methods: Fifty-four extracted intact human premolars were randomly assigned to three groups according to cavity preparation method: Bur Group: high-speed diamond bur (Diatech), MD Group: Er,Cr:YSGG laser Waterlase MD handpiece (Biolase Millennium II), and Turbo Group: Er,Cr:YSGG laser Waterlase MD TURBO handpiece (Biolase Millennium II). One hundred eight Class II slot cavities were prepared on the mesial and distal proximal surfaces of each tooth, and the cavity preparation times required were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4459DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Low-Level Laser Therapy and World Association for Laser Therapy Dosage Recommendations in Musculoskeletal Disorders and Injuries.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 09;36(9):457-459

3 Physiotherapy Research Group, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen , Bergen, Norway .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4493DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Characterization of Skeletal Muscle Strain Lesion Induced by Stretching in Rats: Effects of Laser Photobiomodulation.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 10;36(9):460-467. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

6 Instituto de Pesquisa and Desenvolvimento, Universidade do Vale do Paraíba (UNIVAP) , São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil .

Background: Unusual and exhaustive physical exercise can lead to muscle lesions depending on the type of contraction, intensity, duration, age, and level of conditioning. Different therapies have been proposed to prevent or reduce exercise-induced muscle damage.

Objective: In this study, we investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy on skeletal muscle strain in an experimental model in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4473DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

A Novel Protein Testing Model to Assay the Efficacy of Multiple Irrigation Activation Techniques for Removal of Ex Vivo Biomolecular Film.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 10;36(9):493-498. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

1 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Adnan Menderes University , Aydin, Turkey .

Objective: This study aimed to compare the debris removal efficacies of irrigation activation techniques using ex vivo biomolecular film.

Materials And Methods: Root canals of 50 human mandibular premolars were prepared, and freshly prepared collagen solutions were applied into the root canals using a peristaltic pump. Specimens were randomly divided into the five groups and irrigated with 3 mL of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4452DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

Change of Tinnitus with Xenon Phototherapy of the Stellate Ganglion.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 10;36(9):468-471. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine , Fukushima, Japan .

Objective: To develop a treatment for tinnitus called xenon phototherapy of the stellate ganglion (XPSG) and analyze its effect on tinnitus.

Methods: Patients with chronic tinnitus received XPSG. Symptoms were assessed subjectively with tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) and numerical rating scale (NRS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4431DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of Root Canal Anatomy of Maxillary Premolars Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Comparison with Dental Operating Microscope and Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 10;36(9):487-492. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

1 Division of Oral Health Sciences, Department of Pulp Biology and Endodontics, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) , Tokyo, Japan .

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the ability of swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect internal anatomy of maxillary premolars in comparison with dental operating microscope (DOM) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Background Data: The ability of OCT to observe the pulp horn during cavity preparation and assess the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) has been demonstrated, whereas validation of OCT in comparison with other imaging techniques seems required.

Methods: Ten extracted human maxillary premolars were sectioned perpendicular to the tooth axis from the occlusal surface at approximately 2 mm increments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4416DOI Listing
September 2018
22 Reads

Is Photodynamic Therapy Resistance a Special Case of Photobiomodulation?

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 08;36(8):397-398

1 Department of Neurology, The Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4501DOI Listing
August 2018
21 Reads

Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery: A New Leap Forward Into the Light for the 21 Century.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 08;36(8):395-396

Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.29011.mrhDOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Alteration of Surface Glycoproteins After Photodynamic Therapy.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 18;36(8):452-456. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

1 Laboratory Dynamics of Cellular Compartments, Institute of Research and Development-IP&D, Universidade do Vale do Paraíba-UNIVAP , São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil .

Background: Cell membranes have been identified as an important intracellular cancer treatment target, since the glycoconjugates present on the cell surface are involved in numerous cell functions. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a therapeutic modality employed in the treatment of tumors that uses visible light to activate a photosensitizer.

Objective: This study analyzed the expression of surface carbohydrates after PDT with two different photosensitizers, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and Photosan-3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4464DOI Listing
August 2018
20 Reads

Shear Bond Strength of Nanohybrid Composite to the Resin Matrix Ceramics After Different Surface Treatments.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 18;36(8):424-430. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University , Ordu, Turkey .

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a composite resin to the various resin matrix ceramics (RMC).

Background: Clinical applications of physical and chemical surface conditioning methods may be required for RMC to optimize the adhesion of additional resin materials.

Materials And Methods: Ninety-nine RMC specimens (6 × 6 × 2 mm) were prepared from a resin nanoceramic (RNC), a polymer-infiltrated hybrid ceramic (PIHC), and a flexible hybrid ceramic (FHC) block with a cutting machine under copious water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4467DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Long-Term Effect of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser in the Treatment of Children with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 17;36(8):445-451. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

4 Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Umm Al-Qura University , Mecca, Saudi Arabia .

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term impact of a pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser [high-intensity laser therapy (HILT)] in the treatment of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).

Materials And Methods: A sample of 30 children participated in this study (15 in the laser group and 15 in the placebo group), with a mean age of 10.53 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4444DOI Listing
August 2018
37 Reads

Effects of Photobiomodulation on Degranulation and Number of Mast Cells and Wound Strength in Skin Wound Healing of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 6;36(8):415-423. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

7 Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran .

Background: A lack of effective treatments still exists for patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. Photobiomodulation is proved as a beneficial therapeutic modality for wounds.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of degranulation of mast cells and total number of mast cells in the remodeling step of an ischemic model of wound healing under the influence of photobiomodulation and conditioned medium (CM) from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs-CM), or CM, administered alone and or in combination. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4453
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4453DOI Listing
August 2018
27 Reads

Photobiomodulation in the Postoperative of Bichectomy Surgeries: Case Series.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Jul 19;36(7):391-394. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

1 Special Laboratory of Lasers in Dentistry (LELO), Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo , São Paulo, Brazil .

Background: Several photobiomodulation (PBM) protocols with low-power lasers have been reported for pain control and tissue repair in the postoperative period of oral surgeries. However, there are still no reports of a protocol for bichectomy surgeries' postoperative period.

Objective: This article presents six reports of clinical cases in which bichectomy surgery was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4407DOI Listing
July 2018
25 Reads

Effect of Initiators on Thermal Changes in Soft Tissues Using a Diode Laser.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Jul 15;36(7):386-390. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

5 Department of General Dentistry, Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester , New York.

Objective: The aim was to determine the effect of various initiators on the thermal changes that occur during incisions performed in soft tissues using a diode laser.

Background Data: There are no studies that have assessed the effect of various initiators on the thermal changes that occur during incisions performed in soft tissues using a diode laser.

Materials And Methods: Thermal changes were observed during standardized incisions in chicken breast (without skin) via thermoelements over a 10-sec irradiation period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4428DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads
1.580 Impact Factor

Er:YAG Laser for Metal and Ceramic Bracket Debonding: An In Vitro Study on Intrapulpal Temperature, SEM, and EDS Analysis.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 15;36(11):595-600. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

7 Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern , Bern, Switzerland .

Objective: To evaluate the effects of bracket removal using an erbium laser on the pulp temperature and enamel surface.

Background: Removal of orthodontic brackets with conventional debonding pliers may result in enamel cracks. To avoid damage to the enamel surface and effectively remove metal or ceramic brackets, different types of lasers, such as Nd:YAG, CO, TM:YAP, diode laser, or Er:YAG, have been introduced for debonding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4412DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads

Antibacterial and Smear Layer Removal Efficacy of Er:YAG Laser Irradiation by Photon-Induced Photoacoustic Streaming in Primary Molar Root Canals: A Preliminary Study.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Sep 15;36(9):480-486. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Necmettin Erbakan University , Konya, Turkey .

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare antibacterial and smear layer removal efficacy of the erbium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation by photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS), neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG), and diode lasers and conventional irrigation agent in primary molar root canals.

Background: The selection, application, and activation of the irrigant are important factors affecting the success of the endodontic treatment.

Materials And Methods: Distal root canals of human primary mandibular molar teeth used for antimicrobial efficacy evaluation were first inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis (n = 25). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4369DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Photobiomodulation.

Authors:
Heidi Abrahamse

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 07 13;36(7):341-342. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Laser Research Centre, University of Johannesburg , Johannesburg, South Africa .

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/pho.2018.4485
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4485DOI Listing
July 2018
36 Reads

Effects of Low-Power Light Therapy on the Tissue Repair Process of Chronic Wounds in Diabetic Feet.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Jun;36(6):298-304

6 Department of Health Sciences, Universidade do Vale do Paraíba , UNIVAP, São Paulo, Brazil .

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of the therapeutic use of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on the tissue repair process of chronic wounds in patients with diabetic feet through the analysis of Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH) scales, pain and the measurement done using the ImageJ software.

Methods: This clinical trial was carried out with 18 patients 30-59 years of age, who had chronic wounds on their foot due to complications of diabetes mellitus. The patients were randomly allocated in two different groups of equal numbers: Control and Laser Groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4455DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Effect of 810 nm Near-Infrared Laser on Revascularization of Ischemic Flaps in Rats.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Jun;36(6):290-297

1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital , Beijing, China .

Objective: To investigate the effect of 810 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser on the revascularization of ischemic flaps.

Background: It has long been proved that photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) improves the blood supply of flaps. NIR laser improves the treatment of hypodermis-located lesions and of flap survival, but basic research on the use of 810 nm NIR laser for ischemic flap revascularization is still lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4360DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Evaluation of the Effects of Photobiomodulation on Partial Osteotomy in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 31;36(8):406-414. Epub 2018 May 31.

8 Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran .

Objective: We examined the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) on stereological parameters, and gene expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) in repairing tissue of tibial bone defect in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) in rats during catabolic response of fracture healing.

Background Data: There were conflicting results regarding the efficacy of PBM on bone healing process in healthy and diabetic animals.

Materials And Methods: Forty-eight rats have been distributed into four groups: group 1 (healthy control, no TIDM and no PBM), group 2 (healthy test, no TIDM and PBM), group 3 (diabetic control, TIDM and no PBM), and group 4 (diabetic test, no TIDM and PBM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4438DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

Optical Evaluation of Enamel Microleakage with One-Step Self-Etch Adhesives.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Nov 29;36(11):589-594. Epub 2018 May 29.

1 Operative Dentistry Division, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia .

Objective: In this in vitro study, cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) was used to evaluate microleakage in dental composite restorations bonded to enamel with two types of one-step self-etching (SE) adhesives.

Background Data: One-step SE adhesives were proposed to simplify bonding of composite restorations. However, bonding of these simplified adhesive to dental enamel is still questionable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2018.4441DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Influence of Photobiomodulation Therapy on Gingivitis Induced by Multi-Bracket Appliances: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Trial.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 18;36(8):399-405. Epub 2018 May 18.

2 Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontology, University of Marburg , Marburg, Germany .

Objective: The objective of this split-mouth trial was to investigate the influence of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on adjuvant treatment of gingivitis induced by multi-bracket appliances, after bracket debonding and professional tooth cleaning.

Materials And Methods: Thirteen patients (mean age 16.15 years; standard deviation ±2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4404DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Effect of 830 nm Diode Laser Irradiation of Root Canal on Bond Strength of Metal and Fiber Post.

Photomed Laser Surg 2018 Aug 16;36(8):439-444. Epub 2018 May 16.

1 Laboratory of Biophotonics, Center for Lasers and Applications , IPEN - CNEN/SP, São Paulo, Brazil .

Objective And Background: The correct selections of the cementing agent, the endodontic post material and placement protocol are critical to provide an increased longevity of the teeth that went through endodontic treatment. The irradiation with diode laser before post cementation, can promote an antimicrobial effect. However, there is a lack of information about the effect of 830 nm diode laser on the post bond strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/pho.2017.4378DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads