12,632 results match your criteria Phobic Disorders


[COVID-19 effect on mental health and sleep disorders].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(4. Vyp. 2):49-54

Central State Medical Academy of Department of Presidential Affairs, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose Of The Study: To study the prevalence of anxiety-depressive disorders and sleep disorders in their structure among patients hospitalized in connection with COVID-19, as well as to develop differentiated recommendations for their therapy in patients with new coronavirus infection.

Material And Methods: In this publication, the authors present preliminary results of their own observations of psychoemotional disorders and sleep disorders in their structure in patients with a new coronavirus infection. We analyzed the data of 119 patients (aged 47 to 69 years, male and female), conducted a detailed interview, including using telemedicine technologies, and assessed the scales: The hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), subjective the asthenia rating scale (MFI-20, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Read More

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Nursing as a mediator between nomophobia and social isolation in response to COVID-19.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2021 19;42(spe):e20200292. Epub 2021 May 19.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Centro Colaborador da OPAS/OMS para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Enfermagem. Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil.

Objective: To reflect on the relationship between the nomophobia and the pandemic of COVID-19 and the nursing contributions to deal with this issue and its consequences.

Method: This reflective and theoretical study was based on the dialogue between the scientific literature on the subject and in dialogue and conceptual perspective of comprehensive care.

Results: Nursing strives to harmonize observed problems and can support individuals to reflect and discover a potential harmful habit regarding the use of cell phones, especially when undergoing treatments for other diagnoses. Read More

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Pediatric dentists' perspectives of children with special health care needs in Japan: developmental disabilities, phobia, maltreatment, and multidisciplinary collaboration.

BMC Pediatr 2021 05 19;21(1):240. Epub 2021 May 19.

Dep. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, 3-1-2, Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Background: The number of children diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DDs) or other chronic difficulties has risen. However, each professional's awareness of children with developmental, emotional and behavioural difficulties may differ, allowing their special needs to be overlooked at child health checkups until secondary difficulties appear. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the multi-professional views of children with such chronic difficulties. Read More

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Priming with skin-problems increases fear of clusters.

Sci Rep 2021 05 14;11(1):10362. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Integrated Psychological Sciences, Kwansei Gakuin University, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Trypophobia is induced by viewing multiple clustered objects. To date, several studies have investigated why certain people experience discomfort when looking at clustered patterns. Recently, "involuntary protection against dermatosis" (IPAD) hypothesis was proposed to explain the causes of trypophobia. Read More

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Therapists' Experiences of Working with Ethnic Minority Females with Eating Disorders: A Qualitative Study.

Authors:
Natalie Kanakam

Cult Med Psychiatry 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

South London and Maudsley Trust, NHS, London, UK.

Ethnic minority females are less likely to receive a diagnosis or treatment for an eating disorder (ED). This study captured the experiences of therapists who have worked with ethnic minority females to improve outcomes for this group. Twelve therapists in the United Kingdom, London were recruited for semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. Read More

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Genes in treatment: polygenic risk scores for different psychopathologies, neuroticism, educational attainment and IQ and the outcome of two different exposure-based fear treatments.

World J Biol Psychiatry 2021 May 10:1-36. Epub 2021 May 10.

Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.

Objectives: Evidence for a genetic influence on psychological treatment outcome so far has been inconsistent, likely due to the focus on candidate genes and the heterogeneity of the disorders treated. Using polygenic risk scores (PRS) in homogenous patient samples may increase the chance of detecting genetic influences.

Methods: A sample of 342 phobic patients treated either for clinically relevant dental fear ( = 189) or other (mixed) phobic fears ( = 153) underwent highly standardized exposure-based CBT. Read More

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Autistic Personality Traits and Treatment Outcome for Alcohol Use Disorders.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychology Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health, University of Gothenburg The National Board of Forensic Medicine, Department of Forensic Psychiatry IGDORE, Institute for Globally Distributed Open Research and Education, Gothenburg Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract: The importance of personality traits for the outcome of psychiatric treatment, including treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD), has been widely acknowledged. Also, research on autism spectrum disorders has evolved in recent years, emphasizing that the behavioral traits within these neuropsychiatric disorders exist on a dimension both within and outside the boundaries of psychopathology. In the present study, the relationship between personality traits associated with autistic functioning and level of alcohol use among patients before and after concluded AUD treatment was investigated. Read More

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Fear of COVID-19 and workplace phobia among Pakistani doctors: A survey study.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 30;21(1):833. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Avicenna Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has seriously affected the lives of millions of people across the world. It has also heavily burdened healthcare professionals and the virus poses serious risks for their personal and professional lives. Therefore, the present study examined the associations between fear of COVID-19 and workplace phobia among doctors in Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Do Age and Educational Stage Influence No-Mobile-Phone Phobia?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 22;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Didactics and School Organization, University of Granada, 51001 Ceuta, Spain.

Technological progress not only brings with it resources that improve and facilitate the day-to-day life of the people who make up society but also entails health risks, with the emergence of terms, such as nomophobia, which is considered an anxiety disorder produced by the fear that not having a mobile phone generates in a person. This research aims to identify the relationship and influence between levels of nomophobia and the age or educational stage of students. The research method is based on a correlational and predictive design of quantitative methodology. Read More

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Validation of the Korean Version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (K-C19PS).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 3;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Nursing, Changshin University, Changwon 51352, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the 20-item COVID-19 phobia tool, which was developed through a translation-reverse translation process. These data were collected from 226 persons using a self-reported questionnaire. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test construct validity. Read More

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Phobia and Fear of COVID-19: origins, complications and management, a narrative review.

Ann Ig 2021 Jul-Aug;33(4):360-370

Behavioral sciences Research Center, Lifestyle institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have changed into a global crisis. Psychologically, this process of alteration can lead to feelings of fear, insecurity, and anxiety. This fear and anxiety can be caused by a variety of factors. Read More

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Nomophobia and the influence of time to REST among nursing students. A descriptive, correlational and predictive research.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Mar 19;52:103025. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

University of Granada. Faculty of Education and Sport, Melilla, Spain. Electronic address:

The inclusion of the smartphone in society has brought many advantages, but also disadvantages, such as nomophobia, considered as a digital disease generated by the excessive use of the smartphone. The general objective of the research is to know and analyse the prevalence of nomophobia among nursing students and knowing the influence of time to rest. The research design is descriptive, correlational, transversal and predictive with a quantitative research methodology. Read More

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Historical reflection on Taijin-kyōfushō during COVID-19: a global phenomenon of social anxiety?

Hist Philos Life Sci 2021 Apr 16;43(2):60. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Li Ka Shing, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Ethics and Humanities Unit, University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Although fear and anxiety have gradually become a shared experience in the time of COVID-19, few studies have examined its content from historical, cultural, and phenomenological perspectives concerning the self-awareness and alterity. We discuss the development of the ubiquitous nature of Taijin-kyōfushō (TKS), a subtype of social anxiety disorder (SAD) originated and considered culturally-bound in the 1930s Japan involving fear of offending or displeasing other people. Considering the historical processes of disease classification, advances in cognitive neurosciences, and the need to better understand the content of suffering, psychiatric nosology for SAD still appears controversial and requires further investigations. Read More

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Audio-guided self-hypnosis for reduction of claustrophobia during MR imaging: results of an observational 2-group study.

Eur Radiol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Radiology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Campus Mitte, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Charité Platz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: To evaluate the influence of audio-guided self-hypnosis on claustrophobia in a high-risk cohort undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.

Methods: In this prospective observational 2-group study, 55 patients (69% female, mean age 53.6 ± 13. Read More

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The Persian Version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (Persian-C19P-S) and the Differences in COVID-19-Related Phobic Reactions in Patients with Anxiety Disorders.

Int J Ment Health Addict 2021 Apr 7:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Education, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic outbreak increasing several psychological distress, such as anxiety and phobia, and may affect patients with anxiety disorders. A scale has been recently designed to assess COVID-19-related phobic reactions named the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S). The present study aimed to evaluate factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Persian version of the C19P-S (Persian-C19P-S) in patients with anxiety disorders and to compare COVID-19-related phobia among these patients. Read More

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Considering Needle Phobia among Adult Patients During Mass COVID-19 Vaccinations.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211007393

David Grant Medical Center, Travis AFB, CA, USA.

As mass vaccination is underway to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and achieve herd immunity, healthcare professionals need to recognize the fear and phobia of needles among their patients. Approximately 11.5 to 66 million U. Read More

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Response Inhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and Working Memory in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 31;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Personality, Assessment & Psychological Treatment, University of Murcia, Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

This study analyzed response inhibition, cognitive flexibility and working memory in three groups of patients diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, considering some variables that may influence results (nonverbal reasoning, comorbidity, use of pharmacotherapy). Neuropsychological measures were completed using a computerized Wisconsin card sorting test, Stroop color word test, go/no-go task, digits and Corsi. Significant differences were obtained among groups in cognitive flexibility and working memory variables. Read More

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What Is the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with Pre-Existing Mood or Anxiety Disorder? An Observational Prospective Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 24;57(4). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Istituto di Psicopatologia, 00196 Rome, Italy.

This observational prospective study aims to examine the psychological and psychopathological impact of the pandemic stress on patients with pre-existing mood, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The study includes 386 consecutive patients recruited from 10 March to 30 June 2020 among those being treated at the Institute of Psychopathology in Rome (Italy) with an age ≥18 years and meeting DSM-5 criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) (35.2%), bipolar I (BD-I) (21. Read More

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Better safe than wealthy: Dysfunctional risk avoidance in spider-fearful individuals.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 04 9;79:102383. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, Germany. Electronic address:

Previous research has documented that fearful individuals avoid fear-relevant cues even if they incur costs in doing so. Paradigms that were previously used to study avoidance in the lab, manipulated reward contingencies in favor of selecting either fear-relevant or neutral cues, e.g. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale in Hungarian adults and adolescents.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 03 26;21(1):171. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, 6, Ifjusag street, Pécs, Baranya, H-7624, Hungary.

Background: Although social anxiety disorder is one of the most frequent disorders, it often remained unrecognized. Utilizing brief, yet reliable screening tools, such as the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS-6) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS-6) are helping to solve this problem in parts of Western Europe and the US. Still some countries, like Hungary, lag behind. Read More

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Brief Symptoms Inventory psychometric properties supports the hypothesis of a general psychopathological factor.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Mental Health Department, Medical School, Federal University of Minas Gerais. Universidade FUMEC.

Introduction: The existence of a general factor related to psychiatric symptoms is supported by studies using a variety of methods in both clinical and non-clinical samples.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the replicability of the internal structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory of a large Brazilian sample.

Methods: Participants were 6,427 Brazilian subjects (81% female). Read More

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Variants in the Obesity-Linked FTO gene locus modulates psychopathological features of patients with Anorexia Nervosa.

Gene 2021 May 16;783:145572. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Dpt. Medical-Surgical Therapeutics, Medical School, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain. Electronic address:

Our aim was to determine whether variability in the fat mass obesity (FTO) gene locus, consistently related to obesity, affects the risk of eating disorders (ED) and/or the psychopathology displayed by these patients. We analyzed 26 tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that capture FTO variability in 352 ED patients [233 with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and 119 with binge-eating] and 396 controls. Psychopathological symptoms and traits were evaluated by the Eating Disorders Inventory Test 2 (EDI-2) and Symptoms Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90R) questionnaires. Read More

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[Virtual reality as therapy in psychiatry].

Ugeskr Laeger 2021 03;183(9)

This review describes the growing research in virtual reality (VR) for healthcare purposes. In recent years, the technological improvements have expanded the possibility of investigating VR in diagnostics as well as treatment of mental and behavioural disorders. The existing literature regarding phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, addiction, psychotic, eating and affective disorders is summarised and discussed in terms of clinical applicability. Read More

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Consistent brain grey matter volume alterations in adult patients with panic disorder and social anxiety disorder revisited.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 5;286:120-122. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Radiology, The Yancheng School of Clinical Medicine of Nanjing Medical University, Yancheng, PR China. Electronic address:

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Don't Hurt Me No More: State-dependent Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the treatment of specific phobia.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 4;286:78-79. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Centro studi e ricerche in Neuroscienze Cognitive, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, Campus di Cesena, 47521, Cesena, Italy.

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Comparing the effectiveness of the unified protocol in combination with an additional mindfulness treatment to the unified protocol alone as treatment for adolescents diagnosed with emotional disorders.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Jan-Mar;43(1):57-64

Department of Clinical Psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Objective: Many adolescents suffer from depressive and anxiety disorders simultaneously and current treatment methods do not put enough emphasis on comorbidity of these disorders. The unified protocol for treating emotional disorders in adolescents is a transdiagnostic therapy which targets mutual fundamental factors. Therefore, the current study aims to compare the effectiveness of the unified protocol alone with the unified protocol combined with mindfulness as an additional treatment in adolescents suffering from emotional disorders. Read More

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The moderating effects of anger suppression and anger expression on cognitive behavioral group therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction among individuals with social anxiety disorder.

J Affect Disord 2021 04 8;285:127-135. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States.

Background: . Cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) are two prominent evidence-based treatments for social anxiety disorder (SAD). It is not clear, however, whether outcomes of these two treatments are moderated by similar factors. Read More

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Mental health status and quality of life in elderly patients with coronary heart disease.

PeerJ 2021 17;9:e10903. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Geriatrics, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among elderly individuals. Patients with CHD are at high risk for mental health disorders, and psychological issues may affect the quality of life (QoL) of these patients. Nevertheless, there is little evidence regarding the psychological issues and QoL of patients with CHD among the elderly population. Read More

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February 2021

EMDR Treatment of Phobia of Thirteen Years Old Girl - Case Study.

Authors:
Tea Vučina

Psychiatr Danub 2021 02;33(Suppl 1):46-48

Service for speech and psychophysiological difficulties, Primary Health Care Centre Mostar, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

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February 2021