13,172 results match your criteria Phobic Disorders

Evaluation of Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):73-81

Objective: The most prominent functional magnetic resonance imaging findings about social anxiety disorder are increased activity in emotional regulation areas (amygdala, insula, hippocampus, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex) and fear circuit, and altered activity in prefrontal cortex. This study aims to investigate network abnormalities during resting state.

Method: Resting state functional magnetic resonance images of 21 drug-free patients with social anxiety disorder and 21 healthy controls (matched on age, gender, and years of education) were recorded. Read More

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The effect of teaching methods in palliative care education for undergraduate nursing and medical students: a systematic review.

Int J Palliat Nurs 2022 Jun;28(6):245-253

Principal Lecturer, Centria University of Applied Sciences, Finland.

Palliative care should be seen as a human right and integrated into the healthcare system. Adequate palliative care education is seen as a facilitator to develop the integration of palliative care. To synthesise evidence of the effect of different teaching methods used in palliative care education to students' competences, knowledge, attitude or skills. Read More

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Perspectives of Latinx Individuals Who Were Unvaccinated And Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Qualitative Study.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2218362. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado.

Importance: Latinx individuals in the United States have lower COVID-19 vaccination rates and higher rates of COVID-19 infections, hospitalizations, and deaths than non-Latinx White individuals. Little is known about the perspectives of Latinx adults who had not received the COVID-19 vaccination and were hospitalized for COVID-19.

Objective: To describe the perspectives of Latinx individuals who were unvaccinated and subsequently hospitalized for COVID-19. Read More

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Motives and Consequences of Alcohol Use in People With Social Anxiety Disorder: A Daily Diary Study.

Behav Ther 2022 Jul 22;53(4):600-613. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

George Mason University.

People with social anxiety disorder (SAD) are at increased risk for alcohol-related problems. Most research exploring social anxiety and alcohol use has examined negative drinking consequences, with less consideration of positive consequences-namely positive social experiences-that may reinforce alcohol use. In this daily diary study, we examined how adults diagnosed with SAD (N = 26) and a psychologically healthy control group (N = 28) experienced positive drinking consequences in naturally occurring drinking episodes during the study period. Read More

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Impacts of imagery-enhanced versus verbally-based cognitive behavioral group therapy on psychophysiological parameters in social anxiety disorder: Results from a randomized-controlled trial.

Behav Res Ther 2022 Aug 8;155:104131. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with marked physiological reactivity in social-evaluative situations. However, objective measurement of biomarkers is rarely evaluated in treatment trials, despite potential utility in clarifying disorder-specific physiological correlates. This randomized controlled trial sought to examine the differential impact of imagery-enhanced vs. Read More

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Development and initial validation of the Visual Social Anxiety Scale (VSAS): Could a picture be worth a thousand words?

J Anxiety Disord 2022 Jun 3;89:102589. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Accurate assessment is crucial for determining appropriate therapeutic interventions for social anxiety and conducting sound clinical research. While self-report measures of social anxiety are widely used in both research and clinical settings, they have several drawbacks inherent to their textual nature. Here, we describe the development and initial validation of the Visual Social Anxiety Scale (VSAS), a novel picture-based self-report measure of social anxiety, based on the well-established widely-used Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Read More

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Changes in specific and nonspecific psychopathology network structure after intensive cognitive behavior therapy in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Eating and Weight Disorders, Villa Garda Hospital, Garda, Italy.

Objective: This study aimed to compare eating disorder-specific and nonspecific clinical features in patients with anorexia nervosa before and after intensive enhanced cognitive behavior therapy (CBT-E) via network analysis.

Methods: All consecutive patients admitted to intensive CBT-E were eligible, and the sample comprised patients aged ≥16 years who completed a 20-week intensive CBT-E program. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Brief Symptoms Inventory responses were gathered at baseline and end of treatment, and used to generate statistical networks of the connections between symptoms (nodes) and the strength and centrality thereof. Read More

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Supervised Machine Learning Empowered Multifactorial Genetic Inheritance Disorder Prediction.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 31;2022:1051388. Epub 2022 May 31.

Center for Cyber Physical Systems, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, 127788, UAE.

Fatal diseases like cancer, dementia, and diabetes are very dangerous. This leads to fear of death if these are not diagnosed at early stages. Computer science uses biomedical studies to diagnose cancer, dementia, and diabetes. Read More

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Mental Health Challenges and the Associated Factors in Women Living with HIV Who Have Children Living with HIV in Indonesia: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 06 4;19(11). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Research Centre for Public Health Policy, Torrens University Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

Women living with HIV (WLHIV) are vulnerable to various mental health challenges. However, there is a paucity of studies globally and in the Indonesian context that have specifically explored mental health challenges among mothers living with HIV who also have children living with HIV (CLHIV). This qualitative study explored mental health challenges and the associated factors in mothers living with HIV who have CLHIV in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Read More

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Demographic and disease characteristics associated with pain intensity, kinesiophobia, balance, and fall self-efficacy among people with osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 6;23(1):544. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra, Nigeria.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease leading to significant pain, mobility limitation, economic burden, reduced quality of life, and disability among adults globally. Psychological factors related to pain intensity (PI), kinesiophobia, fall self-efficacy (FSE), and balance may lead to a poor OA prognosis. This study was designed to explore the association between PI, kinesiophobia, FSE, balance, and age, gender, marital status, site of OA, duration, symmetry, comorbidity, and adaptive behaviours among patients with knee or hip OA. Read More

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Man vs. machine: A comparison of human and computer assessment of nonverbal behavior in social anxiety disorder.

J Anxiety Disord 2022 Jun 21;89:102587. Epub 2022 May 21.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common psychological disorder associated with broad interpersonal impairment. Most previous studies have examined nonverbal behavior in SAD using human coders. However, one recent study utilized a machine-based analysis of nonverbal behavior and dyadic synchrony in SAD (Asher, Kauffmann, & Aderka, 2020). Read More

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Swipe right, swipe left: Initial interactions in social anxiety disorder.

J Psychopathol Clin Sci 2022 Jul 2;131(5):435-446. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

School of Psychological Sciences.

Individuals with SAD have difficulties initiating and maintaining relationships. However, little is known about the preinteraction behavior of individuals with SAD. Individuals with ( = 40) and without SAD ( = 40) who reported being attracted to individuals of the opposite sex participated in a preregistered lab-based experiment using a novel task similar to existing initial interaction/dating applications. Read More

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Fake news and the seven sins of capital: a metaphorical analysis of vices in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cad Saude Publica 2022 30;38(5):e00195421. Epub 2022 May 30.

Escola de Enfermagem Ana Nery, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Health crises spawn "sins" and moral deformities in society that are evident when they emerge but had seemed to be dormant to collective awareness before. Through the metaphor of the seven capital sins, the article analyzes the phenomenon of fake news in the social media and in the scenario of the COVID-19 pandemic: the lust of sensationalism through the seduction and exploitation of vulnerabilities associated with fear of death; gluttony for confirmatory contents that spread untruths in the attempt to turn versions into facts; the catechism of denialism, fueling wrath or hate in restrictive epistemic environments; the greed of new technologies in the attention economy through engagement as a new commodity; competition for the spotlights of media visibility and derived gains that incite pride and envy in researchers that confuse public meaning with fake research, in a cycle that feeds sensationalism, gluttony, hate, and greed in attention capitalism. Finally, sloth is portrayed as the capital sin of opting for communicative inaction. Read More

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Assessment of Pain-Related Fear in Indigenous Australian Populations Using the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-9 (FPQ-9).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 20;19(10). Epub 2022 May 20.

Indigenous Oral Health Unit, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ-9) in Indigenous Australian people. FPQ-9, a shorter version of the original Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III, was developed to support the demand for more concise scales with faster administration time in the clinical and research setting. The psychometric properties of FPQ-9 in Indigenous Australian participants ( = 735) were evaluated with network psychometrics, such as dimensionality, model fit, internal consistency and reliability, measurement invariance, and criterion validity. Read More

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Factor Structure of the Polish Version of Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-PL).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 17;19(10). Epub 2022 May 17.

Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, 40-326 Katowice, Poland.

In Poland, there is no tool for measuring the variable body image that would have standardization or Polish norms adjusted to the population of both women and men. The available Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBRSQ) validation developed in Poland was based on a small population of young women only. The aim of this article is to present Polish adaptation and standardization for polish adult women and men (MBSRQ-AS). Read More

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Phenomenology and content of the inhaled N, N-dimethyltryptamine (N, N-DMT) experience.

Sci Rep 2022 May 24;12(1):8562. Epub 2022 May 24.

Centre for Psychedelic Research, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Understanding the phenomenology and content of the inhaled N, N, dimethyltryptamine (N, N-DMT) experience is critical to facilitate and support ongoing research and therapeutic models targeting mental health conditions and central nervous system pathology. A qualitative analysis was conducted of all N, N-DMT experiences posted to the r/DMT Reddit community over a 10-year period from 2009 to 2018. A total of 3778 experiences from 3305 posts were included in this study. Read More

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Validation of coronavirus-2019 phobia scale using preschool practitioners in urban and rural communities in Nigeria: Implication for educational sociologists.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 20;101(20):e29209. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Abstract: Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) emerged in December 2019, causing significant changes in people's social lives and other human activities. The outbreak halted educational activities throughout the world. The Nigerian experience was unique in that most people were skeptical about the pandemic's existence. Read More

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COVID-19 Patients' Life Events, Emotional Health And Post-Illness Awareness: A Qualitative Study.

J Community Health Nurs 2022 Apr-Jun;39(2):90-106

Department of Psychiatry, Aydın State Hospital, Aydın, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the life events, emotional health and post-illness awareness of COVID-19 patients. We interviewed 25 people who experienced COVID-19.

Design: The study was executed in qualitative descriptive design. Read More

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Fear, disgust, hate: negative emotions evoked by animals in ancient literature.

Lucyna Kostuch

Hist Psychiatry 2022 06;33(2):127-142

The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Poland.

Ancient literature contains thoughts, observations and opinions about animals causing fear, disgust or hate that can be of great interest to scientists researching the problem of phobias, fears and anxieties in history. So in this article, it is argued that we can go as far back as ancient times in the research on the history of animal phobias (or, speaking more generally, in research on the entire spectrum of negative emotions evoked by animals in individuals or in entire social groups or societies). In that period, the phenomenon was observed and described in an anecdotal form, and attempts to establish the causes of this phenomenon were undertaken. Read More

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Oral health-related quality of life and psychological states of dental students with temporomandibular disorders.

J Dent Educ 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose/objectives: This study investigates the frequency of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in dental students, and evaluates the association between TMDs, psychological states, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The presence of bruxism was also determined.

Methods: Two hundred ninety-three dental students completed the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) questionnaires and underwent a clinical examination according to Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs. Read More

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Facing Your Fear in Immersive Virtual Reality: Avoidance Behavior in Specific Phobia.

Front Behav Neurosci 2022 27;16:827673. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Specific phobias are the most common anxiety disorder and are characterized by avoidance behavior. Avoidance behavior impacts daily function and is proposed to impair extinction learning. However, despite its prevalence, its objective assessment remains a challenge. Read More

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Abstinence phobia among adult African American/Black cannabis users.

Addict Behav 2022 Sep 28;132:107344. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Objective: African American/Black individuals experience significant health disparities, particularly as it relates to cannabis use. As such, there is a need to identify intrapersonal factors related to more severe patterns of use among this subpopulation. Worry about quitting or reducing cannabis as a result of the anticipated anxiety-related states during deprivation (i. Read More

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September 2022

Relationship of behavioral inhibition to separation anxiety in a sample (N = 377) of adult individuals with mood and anxiety disorders.

Compr Psychiatry 2022 07 10;116:152326. Epub 2022 May 10.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Director of Psychotherapy Research, PRIME, (Psychiatric Research Institute of Montefiore Einstein), New York, NY, USA.

Background: Behavioral Inhibition (BI) is an early temperamental trait characterized by shyness, withdrawal, avoidance, uneasiness, and fear of unfamiliar situations, people, objects, and events. The DSM-5 refers to behavioral inhibition as a temperamental factor related to neurodevelopmental conditions in childhood, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, selective mutism, and specific phobias; and to its influence on adult anxiety disorders including social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, and generalized anxiety disorder, but, interestingly, not separation anxiety disorder (SAD). However, there are phenomenological overlaps between BI and SAD. Read More

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Comparing the Effectiveness of Brain Structural Imaging, Resting-state fMRI, and Naturalistic fMRI in Recognizing Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2022 07 26;323:111485. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Psychological Health and Imaging, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Institute of Psychological and Behavioral Science, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence. Studies on SAD in adults have reported both structural and functional aberrancies of the brain at the group level. However, evidence has shown differences in anxiety-related brain abnormalities between adolescents and adults. Read More

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Nomophobia and Its Associated Factors in Peruvian Medical Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 04 20;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima 15001, Peru.

Nomophobia is the discomfort caused by not being in contact with a cell phone. Few studies have addressed nomophobia in university students. The study aimed to evaluate nomophobia and its associated factors in Peruvian medical students. Read More

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Neurochemical Alterations in Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): A Systematic Review of Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Studies.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Apr 26;23(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Translational Addiction Research Laboratory, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada.

(1) Objective: Considering that current knowledge of mechanisms involved in the molecular pathogenesis of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is limited, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate cumulative data obtained by Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic (H MRS) studies. (2) Methods: A computer-based literature search of Medline, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and ProQuest was performed. Only cross-sectional studies using H MRS techniques in participants with SAD and healthy controls (HCs) were selected. Read More

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Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with social anxiety disorder and panic disorder with agoraphobia: A randomised controlled trial.

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2022 Jun 10;59:58-67. Epub 2022 May 10.

University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; GGZ Drenthe, Department of Specialist Trainings, Assen, the Netherlands.

Preclinical research suggests that enhancing CB1 receptor agonism may improve fear extinction. In order to translate this knowledge into a clinical application we examined whether cannabidiol (CBD), a hydrolysis inhibitor of the endogenous CB1 receptor agonist anandamide (AEA), would enhance the effects of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with anxiety disorders. Patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia or social anxiety disorder were recruited for a double-blind parallel randomised controlled trial at three mental health care centres in the Netherlands. Read More

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Self-guided virtual reality therapy for social anxiety disorder: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2022 May 12;23(1):395. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Siegen, Obergraben 23, 57072, Siegen, Germany.

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a highly prevalent mental disorder associated with enormous stress and suffering. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment for SAD, yet its accessibility is often constrained with long waiting times. Digital therapeutic applications, including psychoeducation and self-guided behavioral experiments in virtual reality (VR), could facilitate access and reduce waiting times. Read More

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The role of the acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment of social anxiety: An updated scoping review.

J Affect Disord 2022 08 7;310:174-182. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) or Social Phobia is characterized by fear and anxiety of social circumstances that negatively impact an individual's occupational and relational life. There are several treatment options for this disorder ranging from pharmacological therapy to psychotherapies. In particular, the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that practices acceptance and awareness strategies with behavior change strategies in order to increase an individual's mental flexibility, has been found to be effective. Read More

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Unsupervised clustering of autonomic temporal networks in clinically distressed and psychologically healthy individuals.

Behav Res Ther 2022 Jul 30;154:104105. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

University of California, Berkeley, USA.

The present study recruited psychologically healthy individuals and individuals with clinically-severe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition diagnoses, including generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, persistent depressive disorder, and specific phobia. During the course of a structured clinical interview, 200 individuals provided continuous electrocardiogram and impedance cardiography data. Of these N = 150 were used for exploratory analyses and N = 50 for confirmatory analyses. Read More

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