11,859 results match your criteria Phobic Disorders


The Effects of Equine Assisted Therapy on Plasma Cortisol and Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability in Horses and Measures of Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans.

J Equine Vet Sci 2018 May 12;64:17-26. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Rutgers Equine Science Center and the Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.

With the increase in the number of horses being used in Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT) programs and with the increasing concern for animal welfare, it is important to understand the impact of such interventions on the stress level and quality of life for the horses involved. The purpose of the present pilot study was to test the hypothesis that participation in EAAT would acutely alter physiological markers of stress and well-being, including plasma cortisol, plasma oxytocin, and heart rate variability (HRV), in horses and that symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) would be reduced after five sessions of EAAT in veterans who had previously been diagnosed with PTSD. Nine healthy geldings, of various breeds, ages 10-23 years, conditioned and experienced as therapeutic riding horses, were selected to participate in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2018.01.011DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Psychopathological symptoms associated with synthetic cannabinoid use: a comparison with natural cannabis.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are a class of new psychoactive substances that have been rapidly evolving around the world throughout recent years. Many different synthetic cannabinoid analogues are on the consumer market and sold under misleading names, like "spice" or "incense." A limited number of studies have reported serious health effects associated with SC use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05238-8DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Psychopathological symptoms in individuals at risk of Internet addiction in the context of selected demographic factors.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2019 Mar 21;26(1):33-38. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction: Researchers who study the problems of Internet addiction point out that this dependence is often co-morbid with symptoms of a variety of pathological disorders, including anxiety, depressive, somatization, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The goal of this study was to compare the severity of psychopathological symptoms in individuals at risk of Internet addiction (according to Young's criteria) and those not at risk of developing this addiction with respect to gender and place of residence (urban vs. rural). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/81665DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Short and long-term improvements in psychiatric symptomatology to validate clinically meaningful treatment outcomes for cocaine use disorders.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 May 20;198:126-132. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

Background: Substantial efforts have been made to identify clinically meaningful non-abstinence cocaine use outcomes by establishing associations between targeted drug use outcomes and long-term functional improvements. Psychiatric symptomatology is prevalent among those seeking treatment for cocaine use disorder (CUD). Establishing an association between cocaine use outcomes and improvements in psychiatric symptomatology would support clinical validity to these outcome measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.01.046DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Genetics of Anxiety Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):16. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Center of Mental Health, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders with a lifetime prevalence of over 20%. Clinically, anxiety is not thought of as a homogenous disorder, but is subclassified in generalized, panic, and phobic anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are moderately heritable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1002-7DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Applying Theory for Human Betterment.

Authors:
Albert Bandura

Perspect Psychol Sci 2019 01;14(1):12-15

Department of Psychology, Stanford University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691618815165DOI Listing
January 2019

[Clinical manifestations of burnout].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019;119(1):14-16

N. Bekhtereva Institute of the Human Brain Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia.

Aim: To study clinical manifestations of burnout.

Material And Methods: The study included 131 patients (38 men and 93 women) aged from 25 to 45 years. The control group consisted of 106 age-matched healthy people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201911901114DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with phobias: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology and Helmholtz Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in the majority of patients, especially exposure therapy. However, a substantial subset of patients fails to achieve or stay in remission. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2022-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373100PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

Visual and Hedonic Perception of Food Stimuli in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and their Relationship to Food Neophobia.

Perception 2019 Mar 13;48(3):197-213. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Research Center in Neurosciences of Lyon, Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, France.

The present study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children differed in visual perception of food stimuli at both sensorimotor and affective levels. A potential link between visual perception and food neophobia was also investigated. To these aims, 11 children with ASD and 11 TD children were tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619828300DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Selected ENT symptoms in functional disorders of the upper cervical spine and temporomandibular joints.

HNO 2019 Mar;67(Suppl 1):1-9

HNO Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

This paper discusses otorhinolaryngological symptoms associated with functional disorders of the upper cervical spine. Hints aimed to avoid misdiagnoses of cross-organ otorhinolaryngological symptoms as phobic or psychogenic disorders are presented. Clinically relevant neuroanatomical convergence of the upper cervical spine (occiput to C3) is fundamental for the interpretation of functional otorhinolaryngological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0610-1DOI Listing

[Kinesiophobia in patients with cardiovascular disease].

Wiad Lek 2018;71(9):1653-1660

Oddział Elektrokardiologii Górnośląskiego Centrum Medycznego im. Prof. Leszka Gieca Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach, Katowice, Polska, Katedra Elektrokardiologii, Klinika Elektrokardiologii i Niewydolności Serca Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach, Katowice, Polska.

Objective: Introduction: Kinesiophobia - a fear of physical activity - is a common and worsening rehabilitation outcomes phenomenon in patients with cardiovascular diseases. The aim: To assess the level of kinesiophobia in relation to heart's function evaluated using echocardiography and clinical parameters in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Patients And Methods: Material and methods:101 patients (28 women) aged 61,9±13,56 years and hospitalized for implantation or replacement of a pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator were included in the study. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The Spectrum of Vestibular Migraine: Clinical Features, Triggers, and Examination Findings.

Headache 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Neurology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: To assess the ictal symptoms, interictal symptoms, psychiatric comorbidities, and interictal neuro-otologic examination findings in vestibular migraine (VM).

Methods: Retrospective chart review of 491 patients seen from August 2014 until March 2018 at a tertiary neurology referral center for vestibular disorders to identify patients fulfilling the 2012 VM criteria.

Results: One hundred and thirty-one patients (105 women) were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13484DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV agoraphobia in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) definition of agoraphobia (AG) as an independent diagnostic entity makes it timely to re-examine the epidemiology of AG. Study objective was to present representative data on the characteristics of individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for AG (AG without a history of panic disorder [PD] and PD with AG) but not DSM-5 criteria, DSM-5 but not DSM-IV criteria, or both sets of criteria.

Methods: Population-based surveys from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative including adult respondents (n = 136,357) from 27 countries across the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22885DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads
4.407 Impact Factor

The genetic and environmental structure of fear and anxiety in juvenile twins.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2019 Apr 1;180(3):204-212. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Fear and anxiety are conceptualized as responses to acute or potential threat, respectively. Adult twin studies found substantial interplay between genetic and environmental factors influencing fear disorders (phobias) and anxiety disorders. Research in children, however, has largely examined these factors independently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.32714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414251PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Prospective associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin with 12-month, lifetime and incident anxiety and depressive disorders in men and women from the general population.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 9;245:905-911. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Physiological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Findings on associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with anxiety and depressive disorders in the general population remain inconclusive.

Methods: We used data of n = 993 men and n = 980 women from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP, a prospective-longitudinal general population study from northeastern Germany). Immunoassay-measured serum concentrations of total testosterone, androstenedione and SHBG were assessed when participants were aged 20-80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.052DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Fear of cancer recurrence among breast cancer survivors could be controlled by prudent dietary modification with polyunsaturated fatty acids.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 10;245:1114-1118. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Health Care Research, Center for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Center Japan, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The pathophysiology of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), the leading unmet psychological need of cancer survivors, may involve the dysfunctional processing of fear memory. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have beneficial effects on psychiatric disorders, including depressive disorder and anxiety disorders, and are involved in fear memory processing. We hypothesized that n-3 PUFA composition is associated with FCR in cancer survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.014DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Mental disorders, social maladaptation and quality of life of patients with acne and post-acne symptoms].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018;118(12):4-10

Central State Medical Academy of Medical Center of General Management Department of Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: A comparative analysis of the psycho-emotional status and quality of life of patients with acne and post-acne.

Material And Methods: There were 147 patients included in the study, 84 (57%) women and 63 (43%) men, aged from 14 to 48 years. The following parameters were studied: CADI score, APSEA score, DLQI score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro20181181214DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

On the Identifiability of Diagnostic Classification Models.

Psychometrika 2019 03 23;84(1):19-40. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Columbia University, New York, USA.

This paper establishes fundamental results for statistical analysis based on diagnostic classification models (DCMs). The results are developed at a high level of generality and are applicable to essentially all diagnostic classification models. In particular, we establish identifiability results for various modeling parameters, notably item response probabilities, attribute distribution, and Q-matrix-induced partial information structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11336-018-09658-xDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Social anxiety disorder and avoidant personality disorder from an interpersonal perspective.

Psychol Psychother 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Stolpegaard Psychotherapy Centre, Mental Health Services, Capital Region of Denmark, Gentofte, Denmark.

Objectives: The general objective of this article is to study the unclear and overlapping relationship between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) from an interpersonal perspective. The first specific objective is to compare the disorders with regard to interpersonal problems and general symptom distress. The second specific objective is to examine interpersonal subgroups and pathoplasticity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papt.12214DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Body image disturbances, fear and associations with the amygdala in anorexia nervosa.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Feb 17;131(3-4):61-67. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitaetsplatz 6/I, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe illness with a high mortality rate which mainly affects young women. Studies found a localized volume loss of the amygdala in patients with AN, a brain region responsible for affective responses. Patients with AN were found to have body image distortions, and suffer from the comorbid disorders depression, anxiety disorder, and obsession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1440-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394804PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

[Virtual reality therapy in the care management of anxiety disorders].

Vertex 2018 Jan;29(137):51-54

Servicio de Psiquiatría de Adultos, Hospital Pitié Salpêtrière, París, Francia.

Virtual reality involves the creation of an interactive three-dimensional virtual world which the user can navigate. This technology is proposed for anxiety disorders as an alternative to the in vivo and imaginative exposure provided in cognitive behavioral therapy, the gold standard psychoterapeutic treatment for this pathology. According to a signifcant number of publications including meta-analysis, virtual reality therapy exposure is at least equivalent to in vivo exposure in specifc phobias, panic disorder with agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder and social phobia. Read More

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January 2018
14 Reads

Implicit attitudes toward dieting and thinness distinguish fat-phobic and non-fat-phobic anorexia nervosa from avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in adolescents.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Apr 31;52(4):419-427. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Eating Disorders Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: The majority of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have a fat-phobic (FP-AN) presentation in which they explicitly endorse fear of weight gain, but a minority present as non-fat-phobic (NFP-AN). Diagnostic criteria for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) specifically exclude fear of weight gain. Differential diagnosis between NFP-AN and ARFID can be challenging and explicit endorsements do not necessarily match internal beliefs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/eat.22981
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.22981DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Synchronous change in subjective and physiological reactivity during flight as an indicator of treatment outcome for aviophobia: A longitudinal study with 3-year follow-up.

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background And Objectives: Emotion can be seen as the organizing process that coordinates response systems to deal effectively with challenges and opportunities. Synchronous change in subjective and physiological reactivity is regarded as an indication of this organizing process. Synchrony is expected to increase with the intensity of emotional stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

What is so frightening about spiders? Self-rated and self-disclosed impact of different characteristics and associations with phobia symptoms.

Scand J Psychol 2019 Feb 17;60(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Spider phobia is a common and impairing mental disorder, yet little is known about what characteristics of spiders that spider phobic individuals find frightening. Using screening data from a clinical trial, we explored which characteristics that spider-fearful individuals (n = 194) rated as having the greatest impact on fear, used factor analysis to group specific characteristics, and explored linear associations with self-reported phobia symptoms. Second, a guided text-mining approach was used to extract the most common words in free-text responses to the question: "What is it about spiders that you find frightening?" Both analysis types suggested that movement-related characteristics of spiders were the most important, followed by appearance characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12508DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Influence of kinesiophobia and pain catastrophism on objective function in women with patellofemoral pain.

Phys Ther Sport 2019 Jan 28;35:116-121. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Biomechanics and Motor Control (LABCOM), Presidente Prudente, Brazil; La Trobe Sports and Exercise Medicine Research Centre (LASEM), School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: (i) To compare kinesiophobia, pain catastrophism and objective function between women with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and pain-free; (ii) to investigate the association of kinesiophobia and pain catastrophism with objetive function in women with PFP.

Design: Case-control.

Setting: Laboratory-based. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.11.013DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Fear of blood, injections and fainting as barriers to blood donation in Brazil.

Vox Sang 2019 Jan 28;114(1):38-46. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo - USP, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background And Objectives: The objective of the present study was to investigate the fear of blood, injections and fainting as barriers to blood donation in a sample of primary healthcare users in a Brazilian municipality.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey of primary care patients in 12 randomly selected healthcare facilities in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil in 2015-2016. Key variables were lifetime blood donation history, intentions to donate blood among non-donors and current donation practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vox.12728DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Impaired generalization of reward but not loss in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Depress Anxiety 2019 02 28;36(2):121-129. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Division of Clinical Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York.

Background: Generalizing from past experiences can be adaptive by allowing those experiences to guide behavior in new situations. Generalizing too much, however, can be maladaptive. For example, individuals with pathological anxiety are believed to overgeneralize emotional responses from past threats, broadening their scope of fears. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/da.22857
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22857DOI Listing
February 2019
32 Reads

Clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic subjective tinnitus.

Am J Otolaryngol 2019 Mar - Apr;40(2):253-256. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shanghai Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200336, China.

Background: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been known with a theoretical basis for tinnitus patients, there still were lack of clinical evidence.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of chronic subjective tinnitus.

Methods: One hundred patients with chronic subjective tinnitus patients were randomly divided into control (50 cases) and intervention (50 cases) groups, which received the masking therapy and sound treatment and masking therapy and sound treatment plus CBT. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960709183098
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.10.017DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Risk of psychiatric disorders in rosacea: A nationwide, population-based, cohort study in Taiwan.

J Dermatol 2019 Feb 22;46(2):110-116. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Dermatology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Rosacea has been reported to be associated with psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, a nationwide study of the relationship between rosacea and comorbid psychiatric diseases in an Asian population has not been conducted. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of rosacea in the various psychiatric disorders by using a nationwide database in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.14705DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The effect of repeated methotrexate injections on the quality of life of children with rheumatic diseases.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Jan 17;178(1):17-20. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology Willem-Alexander Children's Hospital, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

In clinical practice, the burden of repeated injections in children with rheumatic disease receiving disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs is significant. To investigate the nature and extent of impact on the quality of life after repeated injections, we conducted a literature review. Two relevant papers were identified, both about children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) being administered methotrexate. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00431-018-3286-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3286-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311192PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Are children with social anxiety disorder more likely than children with other anxiety disorders to anticipate poor social performance and reflect negatively on their performance?

J Affect Disord 2019 02 6;245:561-568. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AL, UK.

Background: The cognitive theory of social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that adults with SAD have a tendency to anticipate poor social performance and reflect negatively on their performance following a social event. While a number of studies with socially anxious adults have supported the role of poor performance anticipation and post-event rumination in SAD, to date, only a few studies have addressed whether this also applies to children with SAD.

Methods: Children (7-12 years) diagnosed with SAD (n = 40), other anxious children (n = 40) and non-anxious children (n = 34) were exposed to a social stressor speech task and their pre- and post-performance appraisals assessed, taking into account objective performance ratings. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183135
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.021DOI Listing
February 2019
28 Reads

Yield and Efficiency of Mental Disorder Screening at Intake to Prison: A Comparison of DIA-X Short- and Long-Screening-Protocols in Compensation Prisoners.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:538. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Praxisgemeinschaft für Psychosomatik, Gais, Switzerland.

Inmates are several times more likely to suffer from mental disorders than the general population.In order to take appropriate curative or preventive measures, a precise psychiatric diagnosis at detention start would therefore be imperative, but is frequently not carried out for reasons of time. The computer-aided expert system DIA-X enables a rapid and reliable diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212464PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Physical Presence, Social Presence, and Anxiety in Participants with Social Anxiety Disorder During Virtual Cue Exposure.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2019 Jan 8;22(1):46-50. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

2 Department of Applied Psychology: Health, Development, Enhancement and Intervention, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Although social anxiety disorders (SADs) are increasingly treated by means of virtual cue exposure, the mechanisms leading to sufficient anxiety levels and thus to a success of virtual reality exposure therapy are still poorly understood. Also, most studies with SAD participants fail to evaluate social presence, although it may be a more appropriate indicator for virtual social stress scenarios than physical presence. Hence, for the first time, this study sets out to examine the link between social presence, physical presence, and emotional responses to phobogenic virtual social stimuli. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/cyber.2018.0221
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2018.0221DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Implementations of Virtual Reality for Anxiety-Related Disorders: Systematic Review.

JMIR Serious Games 2018 Nov 7;6(4):e10965. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

School of Education and Psychology, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom.

Background: Although traditional forms of therapy for anxiety-related disorders (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT) have been effective, there have been long-standing issues with these therapies that largely center around the costs and risks associated with the components comprising the therapeutic process. To treat certain types of specific phobias, sessions may need to be held in public, therefore risking patient confidentiality and the occurrence of uncontrollable circumstances (eg, weather and bystander behavior) or additional expenses such as travel to reach a destination. To address these issues, past studies have implemented virtual reality (VR) technologies for virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) to provide an immersive, interactive experience that can be conducted privately and inexpensively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10965DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249506PMC
November 2018
18 Reads

Treatment adequacy for social anxiety disorder in primary care patients.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(11):e0206357. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

PRIMUS Research Group, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.

Objectives: There is a gap between clinical practice guidelines for social anxiety disorder and clinical practice that needs to be addressed to ensure the delivery of evidence-based treatments. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe mental health service utilization in a cohort of primary care patients with social anxiety disorder; 2) to examine treatment adequacy for pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy according to indicators based on clinical practice guidelines; and 3) to explore correlates of treatment adequacy.

Method: The "Dialogue" project (Quebec, Canada) is a large study conducted in 67 primary care clinics. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206357PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218038PMC
April 2019
24 Reads

Comorbid social phobia does not predict the outcome in alcohol use disorder outpatient treatment.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 12 10;193:148-153. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Unit for Clinical Alcohol Research, Unit for Psychiatric Research, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Background: Social phobia (SP) is one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders among patients entering treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUD). However, few studies have examined the association between SP and alcohol-related treatment outcomes in naturalistic settings.

Aims: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid SP and to investigate the impact of the co-morbidity on the treatment course, dropout rates and treatment outcomes in a large sample of AUD patients treated in an outpatient alcohol treatment clinic. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.09.004DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Biological preparedness and resistance to extinction of skin conductance responses conditioned to fear relevant animal pictures: A systematic review.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 12 28;95:430-437. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Preparedness theory is one of the most influential ideas in explaining the origin of specific phobias. The theory proposes that fear conditioning is selective to animals that have posed a threat to survival throughout human evolution, and that acquired fear memories to such threats are resistant to extinction. We reviewed fear conditioning studies testing whether autonomic responses conditioned to pictures of snakes and spiders show greater resistance to extinction than neutral cues. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01497634183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.10.017DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Attenuated Psychophysiological Reactivity following Single-Session Group Imagery Rescripting versus Verbal Restructuring in Social Anxiety Disorder: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2018 31;87(6):340-349. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Washington,

Background: The effectiveness of psychotherapies for social anxiety disorder (SAD) is typically evaluated using self- and clinician-reported symptom change, while biomarkers of treatment response are rarely measured. The current study aimed to compare biomarkers of response following two brief group interventions for SAD.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of single-session group interventions for SAD (n = 58) - imagery rescripting (IR) and verbal restructuring (VR) versus waitlist control (WC). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493897
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493897DOI Listing
December 2018
19 Reads

Concomitant treatment with sertraline and social skills training improves social skills acquisition in social anxiety disorder: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial.

PLoS One 2018 29;13(10):e0205809. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Anxiety Disorders Program, Department and Institute of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: To examine whether: (1) sertraline (SER) + psychotherapy is superior to psychotherapy alone; (2) group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) is superior to group psychodynamic therapy (GPT) and (3) SER+GCBT or SER+GPT is superior to Placebo (PLA)+GCBT or PLA+GPT in social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial. Participants were assigned either to: SER+GCBT (n = 34); SER+GPT (n = 36); PLA+GCBT (n = 36) or PLA+GPT (n = 41) for 20 weeks. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205809PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205595PMC
April 2019
21 Reads

Autism, early psychosis, and social anxiety disorder: understanding the role of social cognition and its relationship to disability in young adults with disorders characterized by social impairments.

Transl Psychiatry 2018 10 26;8(1):233. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Autism Clinic for Translational Research, Brain and Mind Centre, Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Camperdown, 2050, Australia.

Impairments in social cognition are believed contribute to disability, particularly for disorders characterized by difficulties in social interaction. There has been little transdiagnostic investigation of this across social cognition domains in young adults. A total of 199 young adults diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; N = 53), early psychosis (EP; N = 51), and social anxiety disorder (SAD; N = 64) were compared against neurotypical controls (NT; N = 31) on a battery of lower and higher-order and self-report social cognition measures. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41398-018-0282-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-018-0282-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203776PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Brazilian Portuguese Version of the Craniofacial Pain and Disability Inventory: Cross-Cultural Reliability, Internal Consistency, and Construct and Structural Validity.

J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2018 Fall;32(4):389-399

Aims: To culturally adapt the Craniofacial Pain and Disability Inventory (CF-PDI) for a Brazilian population and to assess its psychometric properties, including internal consistency, reliability, and construct and structural validity.

Methods: A total of 100 female and male TMD patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), with or without headaches, were included. Participants were assessed based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD and the International Headache Society criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/ofph.2141DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Trypophobic images induce oculomotor capture and inhibition.

Atten Percept Psychophys 2019 Feb;81(2):420-432

Department of Integrated Psychological Sciences, Kwansei Gakuin University, 1-155 Uegahara ichiban-cho, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo, 662-0886, Japan.

It is known that unpleasant images capture our attention. However, the causes of the emotions evoked by these images can vary. Trypophobia is the fear of clustered objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-018-1608-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Behavioral inhibition system and self-esteem as mediators between shyness and social anxiety.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 9;270:568-573. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Education, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China.

Shyness has been demonstrated to be an important factor associating with social anxiety. However, it is less clear on the mechanisms responsible for such association. The aim of the present study was to examine whether behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and self-esteem mediated the relationship between shyness and social anxiety. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781173233
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.10.017DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads
2.470 Impact Factor

Effects of post-exposure naps on exposure therapy for social anxiety.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 9;270:523-530. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) utilizes fear extinction, a memory process enhanced by sleep. We investigated whether naps following exposure sessions might improve symptoms and biomarkers in response to social stress in adults undergoing 5-week exposure-based group SAD therapy. Thirty-two participants aged 18-39 (18 females) with SAD were randomized. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183069
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.10.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292728PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Corticosteroid phobia (corticophobia) in parents of young children with atopic dermatitis and their health care providers.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Jan 18;36(1):100-104. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.

Background: Adherence to topical corticosteroids is low among atopic dermatitis patients and their parents. This can lead to treatment failure and decreased quality of life.

Objective: To assess and compare the worries and beliefs concerning topical corticosteroids among parents of children with atopic dermatitis, involved health care professionals, and between different professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13698DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, and In Vivo Exposure Therapy: A Preliminary Comparison of Treatment Efficacy in Small Animal Phobia.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2019 Jan 18;22(1):31-38. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

1 Department of Basic and Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Jaume I University, Castellon, Spain.

This study aggregated data from three randomized control trials to explore the differential efficacy of three forms of exposure therapy, namely, in vivo (iVET), virtual reality (VRET), and augmented reality (ARET), in the treatment of small animal phobia. Additionally, baseline patient characteristics were used to detect subgroups of patients who showed a differential response to certain treatment modalities. Primary measures were distance covered, anxiety during the behavioral avoidance test (BAT), and overall fear of small animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352498PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

[Subjective evaluation of the effect of single test doses of phenazepam and placebo in patients with anxiety disorders: a relationship with objective pharmaco-electroencephalography characteristics].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018;118(9):53-60

Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study the relationship between subjective evaluation (SE) of the effect of single test doses of benzodiazepine anxiolytic phenazepam and placebo and objective electroencephalography (EEG) characteristics in patients with anxiety disorders.

Material And Methods: Forty patients, including 13 with generalized anxiety disorders (GAD, ICD-10 F41.1), 13 with anxiety-phobic disorders (AFD, ICD-10 F40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201811809153DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Enhancing the Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Anxiety.

Behav Ther 2018 11 18;49(6):995-1007. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

University of Illinois at Chicago.

Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) is a promising treatment modality for social anxiety disorder, but effect sizes are relatively small across investigations (Hallion & Ruscio, 2011). Additionally, the extent to which CBM-I impacts other cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes is unclear. This study investigated whether two empirically supported treatment components for anxiety disorders, imaginal exposure (IE) and relaxation, augment the effects of CBM-I and increase the extent to which the effects of CBM-I generalize to behavioral and affective outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.004DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

I Did OK, but Did I Like It? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Examine Perceptions of Social Interactions Associated With Severity of Social Anxiety and Depression.

Behav Ther 2018 11 3;49(6):866-880. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of Virginia.

Socially anxious and depressed individuals tend to evaluate their social interactions negatively, but little is known about the specific real-time contributors to these negative perceptions. The current study examined how affect ratings during social interactions predict later perceptions of those interactions, and whether this differs by social anxiety and depression severity. Undergraduate participants (N = 60) responded to a smartphone application that prompted participants to answer short questions about their current affect and social context up to 6 times a day for 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.07.009DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Treatment of Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) and Related Disorders.

Curr Treat Options Neurol 2018 Oct 13;20(12):50. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Dizziness and Vertigo Center Essen and Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a newly defined disorder of functional dizziness that in the International Classification of Diseases in its 11th revision (ICD-11) supersedes phobic postural vertigo and chronic subjective dizziness. Despite efforts to unify the diagnosis of functional (somatoform) dizziness, patients will present with a variety of triggers, perpetuating factors, and comorbidities, requiring individualized treatment. This article will review different treatment strategies for this common functional neurological disorder and provide practical recommendations for tailored therapy. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11940-018-0535-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11940-018-0535-0DOI Listing
October 2018
48 Reads