12,093 results match your criteria Phobic Disorders


Patterning and Reversible Actuation of Liquid Gallium Alloys by Preventing Adhesion on Rough Surfaces.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Materials and Manufacturing Directorate , Air Force Research Laboratories , Wright Patterson , Ohio , United States.

This work reports a simple approach to form, study, and utilize rough coatings that prevent the adhesion of gallium-based liquid metal alloys. Typically, liquids with large interfacial tension do not wet nonreactive surfaces, regardless of surface topography. However, these alloys form a surface oxide "skin" that adheres to many substrates, even those with low surface energy. Read More

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December 2018

Homeless in Scotland: An Oral Health and Psychosocial Needs Assessment.

Dent J (Basel) 2018 Dec 1;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK.

The aim of this research was to conduct an oral health and psychosocial needs assessment of a homeless population in Scotland to determine the levels of unmet need and provide recommendations for oral health improvement. A non-probability convenience sample of homeless people residing in seven Scottish Health Boards was collected. All consenting participants were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing their health and psychosocial needs, dental anxiety, and oral health-related quality of life. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Respiration and applied tension strategies to reduce vasovagal reactions to blood donation: A randomized controlled trial.

Transfusion 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Whether produced by breathing too fast or too deeply, hyperventilation is common in stressful situations and may contribute to blood donation-related vasovagal symptoms. The effects of some previously tested interventions for vasovagal symptoms, for example, applied tension (AT), may be related to reduction of hyperventilation. More targeted breathing techniques might be useful. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic subjective tinnitus.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shanghai Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200336, China.

Background: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been known with a theoretical basis for tinnitus patients, there still were lack of clinical evidence.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of chronic subjective tinnitus.

Methods: One hundred patients with chronic subjective tinnitus patients were randomly divided into control (50 cases) and intervention (50 cases) groups, which received the masking therapy and sound treatment and masking therapy and sound treatment plus CBT. Read More

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October 2018
12 Reads

Expectancies influence attention to neutral but not necessarily to threatening stimuli: An fMRI study.

Emotion 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva.

Recent behavioral observations suggest an influence of prior expectancies on attention to neutral targets, whereas the detection of threatening targets remains comparably immune to these expectancies. The origin of this asymmetry, however, remains unclear. Here, therefore, we investigated its neural basis by using fMRI. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Autonomic reactivity in blood-injection-injury and snake phobia.

J Psychosom Res 2018 Dec 31;115:117-124. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Human Anatomy and Psychobiology, School of Psychology, University of Murcia, Murcia 30100, Spain; Institute of Biomedical Research of Murcia (IMIB-Arrixaca), Spain.

Objective: This research aimed to study the salivary flow and other autonomic reactions -heart rate (HR) and skin conductance response (SCR)- in blood-injection-injury (BII) phobia and snake phobia participants, under the assumption that exposure to blood-related pictures in BII phobia will provoke an increase in parasympathetic activity that, in turn, will lead to a greater saliva production than other affective contents.

Methods: We selected 18 BII phobia and 14 snake phobia participants along with 22 non-phobia individuals. All participants were exposed to 3 blocks of pictures (12 pictures per block) depicting either mutilations, snakes or neutral, household objects. Read More

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December 2018

Risk of psychiatric disorders in rosacea: A nationwide, population-based, cohort study in Taiwan.

J Dermatol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Dermatology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Rosacea has been reported to be associated with psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, a nationwide study of the relationship between rosacea and comorbid psychiatric diseases in an Asian population has not been conducted. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of rosacea in the various psychiatric disorders by using a nationwide database in Taiwan. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The methanol sesquisolvate of sodium naproxen.

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun 2018 Nov 19;74(Pt 11):1624-1627. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Patheon Austria GmbH & Co KG, St.-Peter-Strasse 25, A-4020 Linz, Austria.

The asymmetric unit of the methanol solvate of sodium naproxen, systematic name: sodium (2)-2-(6-meth-oxy-naphthalen-2-yl)propano-ate methanol sesquisolvate, Na·CHO·1.5CHOH, comprises two formula units of the mol-ecular salt and three methanol mol-ecules. One of the sodium cations exhibits a coordination number of six and is bonded to three carboxyl-ate O atoms and three methanol OH groups whereas the second sodium cation has a coordination number of seven, defined by five carboxyl-ate O atoms and two methanol OH groups. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Yield and Efficiency of Mental Disorder Screening at Intake to Prison: A Comparison of DIA-X Short- and Long-Screening-Protocols in Compensation Prisoners.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:538. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Praxisgemeinschaft für Psychosomatik, Gais, Switzerland.

Inmates are several times more likely to suffer from mental disorders than the general population.In order to take appropriate curative or preventive measures, a precise psychiatric diagnosis at detention start would therefore be imperative, but is frequently not carried out for reasons of time. The computer-aided expert system DIA-X enables a rapid and reliable diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Implementations of Virtual Reality for Anxiety-Related Disorders: Systematic Review.

JMIR Serious Games 2018 Nov 7;6(4):e10965. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

School of Education and Psychology, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom.

Background: Although traditional forms of therapy for anxiety-related disorders (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT) have been effective, there have been long-standing issues with these therapies that largely center around the costs and risks associated with the components comprising the therapeutic process. To treat certain types of specific phobias, sessions may need to be held in public, therefore risking patient confidentiality and the occurrence of uncontrollable circumstances (eg, weather and bystander behavior) or additional expenses such as travel to reach a destination. To address these issues, past studies have implemented virtual reality (VR) technologies for virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) to provide an immersive, interactive experience that can be conducted privately and inexpensively. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Satisfaction level in dental-phobic patients with implant-supported rehabilitation performed under general anaesthesia: a prospective study.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Nov 1;18(1):182. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Postgraduate Education, Master of Oral Implantology, Oral and Dental Medicine at Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7 / building 29, 60596, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Background: Phobic patients avoid dental treatment impairing their oral health and making it challenging to offer them prosthetic rehabilitation. This study evaluated patients' experience of implant-supported prosthetic treatment after implantation performed under general anaesthesia due to dental phobia and severe pharyngeal reflexes (SPR). The effect of gender, age and location of implantation on patient satisfaction was tested. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Subjective evaluation of the effect of single test doses of phenazepam and placebo in patients with anxiety disorders: a relationship with objective pharmaco-electroencephalography characteristics].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(9):53-60

Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study the relationship between subjective evaluation (SE) of the effect of single test doses of benzodiazepine anxiolytic phenazepam and placebo and objective electroencephalography (EEG) characteristics in patients with anxiety disorders.

Material And Methods: Forty patients, including 13 with generalized anxiety disorders (GAD, ICD-10 F41.1), 13 with anxiety-phobic disorders (AFD, ICD-10 F40. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Crystal structure of -3,3'-(1,4-phenyl-ene)bis-(2-phenyl-2,3,5,6-tetra-hydro-4-1,3-thia-zin-4-one).

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun 2018 Oct 28;74(Pt 10):1497-1499. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Pennsylvania State University, Schuylkill Campus, 200 University Drive, Schuylkill Haven, PA 17972, USA.

The crystal structure of the title compound - -CHNOS with two stereocenters - has half the mol-ecule in the asymmetric unit with the other half generated by a crystallographic center of inversion. The thia-zine ring is in a conformation that is between half-chair and envelope [θ = 52.51 (17)°]. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Height Simulation in a Virtual Reality CAVE System: Validity of Fear Responses and Effects of an Immersion Manipulation.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 25;12:372. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Acrophobia is characterized by intense fear in height situations. Virtual reality (VR) can be used to trigger such phobic fear, and VR exposure therapy (VRET) has proven effective for treatment of phobias, although it remains important to further elucidate factors that modulate and mediate the fear responses triggered in VR. The present study assessed verbal and behavioral fear responses triggered by a height simulation in a 5-sided cave automatic virtual environment (CAVE) with visual and acoustic simulation and further investigated how fear responses are modulated by immersion, i. Read More

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September 2018

Treatment of Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) and Related Disorders.

Curr Treat Options Neurol 2018 Oct 13;20(12):50. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Dizziness and Vertigo Center Essen and Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a newly defined disorder of functional dizziness that in the International Classification of Diseases in its 11th revision (ICD-11) supersedes phobic postural vertigo and chronic subjective dizziness. Despite efforts to unify the diagnosis of functional (somatoform) dizziness, patients will present with a variety of triggers, perpetuating factors, and comorbidities, requiring individualized treatment. This article will review different treatment strategies for this common functional neurological disorder and provide practical recommendations for tailored therapy. Read More

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October 2018
25 Reads

Individual, Social, and Societal Correlates of Health-Related Quality of Life Among African American Survivors of Ovarian Cancer: Results from the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

1 Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia , Charlottesville, Virginia.

Objective: While the incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is lower among African American (AA) women compared with European American (EA) women, AA women have markedly worse outcomes. In this study, we describe individual, social, and societal factors in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in AA women diagnosed with EOC in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) that we hypothesize may influence a patient's capacity to psychosocially adjust to a diagnosis of cancer.

Methods: There were 215 invasive EOC cases included in the analysis. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Computerized exposure therapy for Spider Phobia: Effects of cardiac timing and interoceptive ability on subjective and behavioral outcomes.

Psychosom Med 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Neuroscience, Trafford Centre for Medical Research, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, BN1 9RY, UK.

Objective: Spider phobia is a common form of anxiety disorder for which exposure therapy is an effective first-line treatment. Motivated by the observed modulation of threat processing by afferent cardiac signals; we tested the hypothesis that interoceptive information concerning cardiovascular arousal can influence the outcomes of computerised exposure therapy for spider phobia.

Method: Fifty-three normal healthy participants with high spider phobia scores underwent one of three modified computerised exposure protocols, defined by the timing of exposure to brief spider stimuli within the cardiac cycle: Systole (during afferent baroreceptor firing); Diastole (during baroreceptor-quiescent interbeat interval); Random (non-contingent on cardiac cycle). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read
3.470 Impact Factor

Suppression of droplets freezing on glass surfaces on which antifreeze polypeptides are adhered by a silane coupling agent.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(10):e0204686. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

The development of ice-phobic, glass-substrate surfaces is important for many reasons such as poor visibility through the ice-covered windshields of vehicles. The present authors have developed new glass surfaces coated with a silane coupling agent and polypeptides whose amino-acid sequence is identical to a partial sequence of winter flounder antifreeze protein. We have conducted experiments on the freezing of sessile water droplets on the glass surfaces, and measured the droplet temperature, contact angle, contact area and surface roughness. Read More

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October 2018

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Anxiety Disorders.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 Sep;155(37):611-620

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Campus Charité Mitte (CCM), Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin; Institute of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Freiburg.

Background: Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness in Europe, with a 12-month prevalence of 14% among persons aged 14 to 65. Their onset is usually in adolescence or early adulthood. The affected patients often develop further mental or somatic illnesses (sequential comorbidity). Read More

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September 2018
16 Reads

Internet gaming disorder in adolescence: Psychological characteristics of a clinical sample.

J Behav Addict 2018 Sep 28;7(3):707-718. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

1 Department of Psychology, FPCEE Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull , Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Aims: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become a topic of increasing research interest since its inclusion in Section 3 of the DSM-5. Given the lack of clinical studies concerning IGD, exploring the characteristics of clinical samples with IGD will help to delineate the gaming disorder construct and inform future treatment studies.

Methods: Data collection consisted of clinical interviews comprising 31 male adolescents diagnosed with IGD. Read More

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September 2018
30 Reads

[Non-drug therapy of vertigo].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(8):38-42

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study the efficacy of various methods of non-drug therapy of diseases manifested by vertigo and dizziness in neurological practice.

Material And Methods: Referral and final diagnoses were compared after neurovestibular examination of 599 patients (177 men and 422 women), aged 25 to 79 years (mean age 55 years), with various causes of vertigo. Patients underwent vestibular rehabilitation, trainings on the stabiloplatform with biological feedback (biofeedback), repositioning maneuvers in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

[Sampling Survey of the Relationship Between Acute Mountain Sickness and Mental Health of Officers and soldiers].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2018 Jul;36(7):504-505

Hygiene Research Institute of Ordnance Industry, Key Laboratory of Human-machine Environment of CNGC, Xi'an 710065, China.

To sample survey the relationship between acute mountain sickness and mental health of officers and soldiers, so as to provide theoretical direction for the psychological prevent and counsel of them. In May 2017, 61 officers and soldiers were selectedas subject investigated, and divided to AMS group included 35 persons and non-AMS group included 26 persons according to the finding of theAMS symptom division point table, then used symptom self-testing tableto test and evaluate the mental health of them. The AMS group showed significantly higher scores on the psychological parameters such as omatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobicanxiety, parnoid ideation and so on (105. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Male Gender and High Trait Anxiety Are 2 Major Factors Associated With Severe Dental Fear and Avoidance.

Anesth Prog 2018 ;65(3):177-180

Chair and Professor of Dental Anesthesiology, Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.

The purpose of this article is to investigate the association between the background characteristics of patients with severe fear of dental treatment who frequently avoid dental care and the degree of difficulty in treating them. At the time of initial presentation at a dental phobia clinic, each of 321 subjects was asked to complete the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Dental Anxiety Scale, and a health questionnaire related to phobic objects. Subjects who rejected oral examination with a dental mirror were categorized as being severely difficult to treat, whereas those who were able to undergo examination were categorized as being moderately difficult to treat. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Sexual dysfunction and phobic anxiety in breast cancer survivors.

Psychooncology 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain.

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September 2018
2 Reads

Crystal structure of ()-1---butyl-diphenyl-silylglycerol: eight chiral mol-ecules in a triclinic cell.

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun 2018 Sep 31;74(Pt 9):1373-1379. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Departamento de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59010-180, Natal, RN, Brazil.

The asymmetric unit of the title compound {systematic name: 3-[(-butyl-diphenyl-sil-yl)-oxy]propane-1,2-diol, CHOSi}, contains eight chiral mol-ecules (' = 8). These mol-ecules are connected a complex system of hydrogen bonds into an infinite assembly along the [100] axis; hydro-phobic -butyl and phenyl groups form an external coating of the assembly. These assemblies are packed by weak inter-molecular inter-actions in a peculiar formation resembling a 'header bond' masonry brick wall. Read More

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September 2018

Photo/thermoresponsive ABC triblock copolymer-based ion gels: photoinduced structural transitions.

Soft Matter 2018 Nov;14(45):9088-9095

Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan.

A photo/thermoresponsive ABC triblock copolymer-based ion gel exhibiting photoinduced structural transitions accompanied by significant rheological changes is newly developed. The ABC triblock copolymer comprises an ionic liquid (IL)-phobic A block, an IL-philic B block, and a photo/thermoresponsive C block containing azobenzene moieties. The IL-phobic A block forms a rigid micellar core in an IL over a wide temperature range and the photo/thermoresponsive C block undergoes upper critical solution temperature (UCST)-type phase transition in ILs. Read More

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November 2018

Impulse control disorders in patients with prolactinoma receiving dopamine agonist therapy: a prospective study with 1 year follow-up.

Endocrine 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To assess prospectively the prevalence of impulse control disorders (ICD), psychiatric symptoms, and their clinical correlates in patients with prolactinoma receiving dopamine agonists (DA) in comparison to those with non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) and healthy controls (HC).

Methods: A total of 25 patients with prolactinoma, 31 with NFA, and 32 HCs were included in the study. All patients and controls were screened for the presence of ICDs and other psychiatric disorders using revised version of Minnesota Impulsive Disorders Interview (MIDI-R), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), Symptom Check List (SCL-90-R) questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Read More

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September 2018
13 Reads

Heterogeneity in childbirth related fear or anxiety.

Scand J Psychol 2018 Dec 3;59(6):634-643. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.

Many pregnant women experience fear, worry or anxiety relating to the upcoming childbirth. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate possible subgroups in a sample of 206 pregnant women (mean age 29.4 years), reporting fear of birth in mid-pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety disorders].

Authors:
Y Shiban

Nervenarzt 2018 Nov;89(11):1227-1231

PFH - Private Hochschule Göttingen, Weender Landstr. 3-7, 37073, Göttingen, Deutschland.

Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental disorders in Germany. Exposure therapy has proven effective in treating anxiety disorders. During exposure therapy, patients are systematically confronted with the feared stimulus or situation. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The feasibility of an augment reality system to study the psychophysiological correlates of fear-related responses.

Brain Behav 2018 Sep 22;8(9):e01084. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Electronics, Telecommunication and Informatics (DETI), Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering (IEETA), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Previous studies have successfully used augmented reality (AR) as an aid to exposure-based treatments for anxiety disorders. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of these studies have measured the physiological correlates of the fear response, relying solely on self-reports and behavioral avoidance tests.

Methods: As the physiological defensive reactivity pattern impacts on the treatment effectiveness, we tested the feasibility of an AR system integrated in a mobile and wearable device for assessing the psychophysiological mechanisms (heart rate) involved in fear responses in real-life contexts. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Work-Anxiety Rather Than Cognitive Performance Contributes to Workability Decisions in Patients With Mental Disorders.

Authors:
Beate Muschalla

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov;60(11):1042-1048

Technische Universität Braunschweig, Department of Psychology, Braunschweig, Germany.

Background: Mental workability decisions must be based on information on person's symptom load, cognitive performance, and workplace conditions. This investigation explores in which way these factors contribute to workability in persons with common mental disorders (CMDs).

Methods: One thousand five hundred seventy CMD-patients underwent multimodal medical diagnostic. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Aerial-hawking bats adjust their use of space to the lunar cycle.

Mov Ecol 2018 2;6:11. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

1Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred-Kowalke-Str. 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany.

Background: Animals change their habitat use in response to spatio-temporal fluctuation of resources. Some resources may vary periodically according to the moonphase. Yet it is poorly documented how animals, particularly nocturnal mammals, adjust their use of space in response to the moonphase. Read More

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August 2018
10 Reads

Glucocorticoid administration restores salience network activity in patients with spider phobia.

Depress Anxiety 2018 10 12;35(10):925-934. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Division of Systems Neuroscience of Psychopathology, University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Glucocorticoids reduce phobic fear in patients with anxiety disorders. Although the neurobiology of anxiety disorders is not fully understood, convergent structural and functional neuroimaging studies have identified abnormalities in various brain regions, including those in the salience network (SN) and default mode network (DMN). Here, we examine the effects of glucocorticoid administration on SN and DMN activity during the processing of phobic stimuli. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

What Mindfulness can learn about Dissociation and what Dissociation can learn from Mindfulness.

Authors:
Chrisine Forner

J Trauma Dissociation 2018 Aug 10:1-15. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Mindfulness based psychotherapeutic interventions have shown to be an effective intervention for quite some time now. These intervention, however, have not been that successful with individuals who experience dissociative disorders. There is a very clear disconnect between these two fields. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

Poor dietary patterns at 1-5 years of age are related to food neophobia and breastfeeding duration but not age of introduction to solids in a relatively advantaged sample.

Eat Behav 2018 12 22;31:28-34. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Sturt Rd, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042, Australia; Centre for Children's Health Research, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia.

Previous studies have investigated associations between individual foods or food group intake, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. This study aimed to investigate associations between whole dietary patterns in young children, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. Parents of children (N = 234) aged 1-5 years completed an online questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Psychological assessment in 355 Chinese college students with androgenetic alopecia.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11315

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University.

Although the association of the psychological problems and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) gained the increasing attention, the psychosocial state in college students with AGA remains unknown. We recruited a total number of 355 college students with AGA from 18 universities in Southern China for interview. The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) survey was used to assess the psychological state of these students. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Self-Healing Micellar Ion Gels Based on Multiple Hydrogen Bonding.

Adv Mater 2018 Jul 31:e1802792. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, 240-8501, Japan.

Ion gels, composed of macromolecular networks filled by ionic liquids (ILs), are promising candidate soft solid electrolytes for use in wearable/flexible electronic devices. In this context, the introduction of a self-healing function would significantly improve the long-term durability of ion gels subject to mechanical loading. Nevertheless, compared to hydrogels and organogels, the self-healing of ion gels has barely investigated been because of there being insufficient understanding of the interactions between polymers and ILs. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Managing Gag Reflex during Removable Partial Denture Treatment: A Review and a Clinical Report.

J Prosthodont 2018 Jul 24. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Division of Prosthodontics, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL.

A gag reflex is a common occurrence during dental procedures. A hypersensitive gag reflex is less frequently encountered and may prevent the dental provider from successfully completing critical clinical stages, resulting in poor treatment outcomes. Once patients suffer an unpleasant gag reflex experience in a dental office, they may become phobic, delaying or postponing their dental treatment. Read More

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Solid-State Rechargeable Zinc-Air Battery with Long Shelf Life Based on Nanoengineered Polymer Electrolyte.

ChemSusChem 2018 Sep 10;11(18):3215-3224. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, 15588, South Korea.

Zinc-air batteries (ZABs) are vulnerable to the ambient environment (e.g., humidity and CO ), and have serious selfdischarge issues, resulting in a short shelf life. Read More

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September 2018
58 Reads

The prevalence of psychological distress in Parkinson's disease patients: The brief symptom inventory (BSI-18) versus the Hopkins symptom checklist (SCL-90-R).

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Jan 12;88:96-101. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Psychiatric Research Unit, Psychiatric Centre North Zealand, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark.

The prevalence of psychological distress in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients has been evaluated by many different assessment instruments and with diverse control groups. The most frequently used distress symptom scale has been the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R), although it contains many symptoms with problematic validity clinically. The 18-item subscale of the SCL-90-R, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18) has recently been shown to have a sufficient validity to screen for the prevalence of psychological distress (somatization) in PD patients. Read More

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January 2019
4 Reads

The controversy around the diagnosis of selective mutism - a critical analysis of three cases in the light of modern research and diagnostic criteria.

Psychiatr Pol 2018 Apr 30;52(2):323-343. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

III Klinika Psychiatrii, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii.

The position of selective mutism disorder - SM - has been modified in the last edition of the classification of mental disorders DSM-5. It was removed from "Disorders of childhood and adolescence" and placed in "Anxiety disorders". This caused two important changes in the interpretation of the symptoms of selective mutism. Read More

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April 2018
6 Reads

Mechanisms, genes and treatment: Experimental fear conditioning, the serotonin transporter gene, and the outcome of a highly standardized exposure-based fear treatment.

Behav Res Ther 2018 Jun 22;107:117-126. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.

There is considerable interindividual variation in response to psychotherapeutical intervention. In order to realize the long-term goal of personalised treatment approaches, it is important to identify behavioural and biological moderators and mediators of treatment responses. Here, we tested the predictive value of experimental fear extinction efficacy as well as the role of genetic variation of the serotonin transporter gene for the outcome of a fear-exposure treatment. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Solvent effect on endosulfan adsorption onto polymeric arginine-methacrylate cryogels.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Sep 27;25(25):25458-25467. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Faculty of Science and Literature, Department of Chemistry, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

Endosulfan is a persistent insecticide that is still used in some countries even though it is life-threatening and banned in the agricultural struggle. The solubility of pesticides in water is negligible. It is known that pesticides with better solubility in organic solvents have different solubility when the dielectric constants of these solvents are taken into account. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Crystal structure of a new polymorph of (2,3)-2-amino-3-methyl-penta-noic acid.

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun 2018 Jun 1;74(Pt 6):776-779. Epub 2018 May 1.

Chemical Research Support Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel.

A new polymorph of (2,3)-2-amino-3-methyl-penta-noic acid, l-isoleucine CHNO, crystallizes in the monoclinic space group 2 with four independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit. The mol-ecules are . In the crystal, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link two pairs of independent mol-ecules and their symmetry-related counterparts to form two types of layers stacked in an manner parallel to (001). Read More

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Implicit preference towards slim bodies and weight-stigma modulate the understanding of observed familiar actions.

Psychol Res 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, Lancashire,, L39 4QP, UK.

Mounting research evidence suggests that motor resonance (MR, i.e., the mapping of others' actions onto one's own motor repertoire) can be influenced by diverse factors related to individual differences. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Perceived Marital Support and Incident Mental Illness: Evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey.

J Marital Fam Ther 2018 Jun 26. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Social support in marriage may be associated with reduced risk for mental illness. Past studies are limited by short follow up and a focus on depression. A two-wave nationally representative survey in the United States (n = 2,503) is used to examine whether social support in marriage is associated with the onset of each of four clusters of disorders-internalizing, externalizing, phobic, and bipolar-10 years later. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

Super Antiwetting Surfaces for Mitigating Drag-Out of Deep Eutectic Solvents.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Jul 5;10(28):24209-24216. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310027 , People's Republic of China.

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are, at room temperature, about dozens to hundreds of times more viscous than water, which brings pretty thick residues on solid surfaces, for example, causing drag-out and weight loss in the transfer process. Unfortunately, until now little work had been done for solving this knotty problem. In this study, the super antiwetting surface, i. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Cortical alterations in phobic postural vertigo - a multimodal imaging approach.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2018 Jun 14;5(6):717-729. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Neurology Ludwig-Maximilians Universität Munich Germany.

Objective: Functional dizziness syndromes are among the most common diagnoses made in patients with chronic dizziness, but their underlying neural characteristics are largely unknown. The aim of this neuroimaging study was to analyze the disease-specific brain changes in patients with phobic postural vertigo (PPV).

Methods: We measured brain morphology, task response, and functional connectivity in 44 patients with PPV and 44 healthy controls. Read More

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June 2018
15 Reads

Susceptibility to Fear of Heights in Bilateral Vestibulopathy and Other Disorders of Vertigo and Balance.

Front Neurol 2018 6;9:406. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, University Hospital, Munich, Germany.

To determine the susceptibility to visual height intolerance (vHI) in patients with acquired bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP). The question was whether postural instability in BVP, which is partially compensated for by visual substitution of the impaired vestibular control of balance, leads to an increased susceptibility. This is of particular importance since fear of heights is dependent on body posture, and visual control of balance at heights can no longer substitute vestibular input. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

Phagophobia Successfully Treated With Low-Dose Aripiprazole in an Adolescent: A Case Report.

Clin Neuropharmacol 2018 Jul/Aug;41(4):148-150

Pediatric Neurology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Phagophobia is a condition characterized by an avoidance of swallowing foods and an intense fear of choking while eating solid foods in the absence of physiological and anatomical abnormalities. Phagophobia is mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition in the new diagnostic category of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. The literature concerning phagophobia is sparse, and there is no specific treatment modality for this life-threatening condition. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads