11,782 results match your criteria Phobic Disorders


[Clinical manifestations of burnout].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019 ;119(1):14-16

N. Bekhtereva Institute of the Human Brain Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia.

Aim: To study clinical manifestations of burnout.

Material And Methods: The study included 131 patients (38 men and 93 women) aged from 25 to 45 years. The control group consisted of 106 age-matched healthy people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201911901114DOI Listing
January 2019

Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with phobias: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology and Helmholtz Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in the majority of patients, especially exposure therapy. However, a substantial subset of patients fails to achieve or stay in remission. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2022-xDOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Selected ENT symptoms in functional disorders of the upper cervical spine and temporomandibular joints.

HNO 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

HNO Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

This paper discusses otorhinolaryngological symptoms associated with functional disorders of the upper cervical spine. Hints aimed to avoid misdiagnoses of cross-organ otorhinolaryngological symptoms as phobic or psychogenic disorders are presented. Clinically relevant neuroanatomical convergence of the upper cervical spine (occiput to C3) is fundamental for the interpretation of functional otorhinolaryngological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0610-1DOI Listing
February 2019

[Kinesiophobia in patients with cardiovascular disease].

Wiad Lek 2018 ;71(9):1653-1660

Oddział Elektrokardiologii Górnośląskiego Centrum Medycznego im. Prof. Leszka Gieca Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach, Katowice, Polska, Katedra Elektrokardiologii, Klinika Elektrokardiologii i Niewydolności Serca Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach, Katowice, Polska.

Objective: Introduction: Kinesiophobia - a fear of physical activity - is a common and worsening rehabilitation outcomes phenomenon in patients with cardiovascular diseases. The aim: To assess the level of kinesiophobia in relation to heart's function evaluated using echocardiography and clinical parameters in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Patients And Methods: Material and methods:101 patients (28 women) aged 61,9±13,56 years and hospitalized for implantation or replacement of a pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator were included in the study. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The Spectrum of Vestibular Migraine: Clinical Features, Triggers, and Examination Findings.

Headache 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Neurology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: To assess the ictal symptoms, interictal symptoms, psychiatric comorbidities, and interictal neuro-otologic examination findings in vestibular migraine (VM).

Methods: Retrospective chart review of 491 patients seen from August 2014 until March 2018 at a tertiary neurology referral center for vestibular disorders to identify patients fulfilling the 2012 VM criteria.

Results: One hundred and thirty-one patients (105 women) were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13484DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV agoraphobia in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) definition of agoraphobia (AG) as an independent diagnostic entity makes it timely to re-examine the epidemiology of AG. Study objective was to present representative data on the characteristics of individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for AG (AG without a history of panic disorder [PD] and PD with AG) but not DSM-5 criteria, DSM-5 but not DSM-IV criteria, or both sets of criteria.

Methods: Population-based surveys from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative including adult respondents (n = 136,357) from 27 countries across the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22885DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
4.407 Impact Factor

The genetic and environmental structure of fear and anxiety in juvenile twins.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Fear and anxiety are conceptualized as responses to acute or potential threat, respectively. Adult twin studies found substantial interplay between genetic and environmental factors influencing fear disorders (phobias) and anxiety disorders. Research in children, however, has largely examined these factors independently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.32714DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Mental disorders, social maladaptation and quality of life of patients with acne and post-acne symptoms].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(12):4-10

Central State Medical Academy of Medical Center of General Management Department of Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: A comparative analysis of the psycho-emotional status and quality of life of patients with acne and post-acne.

Material And Methods: There were 147 patients included in the study, 84 (57%) women and 63 (43%) men, aged from 14 to 48 years. The following parameters were studied: CADI score, APSEA score, DLQI score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro20181181214DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Social anxiety disorder and avoidant personality disorder from an interpersonal perspective.

Psychol Psychother 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Stolpegaard Psychotherapy Centre, Mental Health Services, Capital Region of Denmark, Gentofte, Denmark.

Objectives: The general objective of this article is to study the unclear and overlapping relationship between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) from an interpersonal perspective. The first specific objective is to compare the disorders with regard to interpersonal problems and general symptom distress. The second specific objective is to examine interpersonal subgroups and pathoplasticity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papt.12214DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Body image disturbances, fear and associations with the amygdala in anorexia nervosa.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Feb 17;131(3-4):61-67. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitaetsplatz 6/I, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe illness with a high mortality rate which mainly affects young women. Studies found a localized volume loss of the amygdala in patients with AN, a brain region responsible for affective responses. Patients with AN were found to have body image distortions, and suffer from the comorbid disorders depression, anxiety disorder, and obsession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1440-yDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Implicit attitudes toward dieting and thinness distinguish fat-phobic and non-fat-phobic anorexia nervosa from avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in adolescents.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Eating Disorders Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: The majority of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have a fat-phobic (FP-AN) presentation in which they explicitly endorse fear of weight gain, but a minority present as non-fat-phobic (NFP-AN). Diagnostic criteria for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) specifically exclude fear of weight gain. Differential diagnosis between NFP-AN and ARFID can be challenging and explicit endorsements do not necessarily match internal beliefs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/eat.22981
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.22981DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Synchronous change in subjective and physiological reactivity during flight as an indicator of treatment outcome for aviophobia: A longitudinal study with 3-year follow-up.

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background And Objectives: Emotion can be seen as the organizing process that coordinates response systems to deal effectively with challenges and opportunities. Synchronous change in subjective and physiological reactivity is regarded as an indication of this organizing process. Synchrony is expected to increase with the intensity of emotional stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

What is so frightening about spiders? Self-rated and self-disclosed impact of different characteristics and associations with phobia symptoms.

Scand J Psychol 2019 Feb 17;60(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Spider phobia is a common and impairing mental disorder, yet little is known about what characteristics of spiders that spider phobic individuals find frightening. Using screening data from a clinical trial, we explored which characteristics that spider-fearful individuals (n = 194) rated as having the greatest impact on fear, used factor analysis to group specific characteristics, and explored linear associations with self-reported phobia symptoms. Second, a guided text-mining approach was used to extract the most common words in free-text responses to the question: "What is it about spiders that you find frightening?" Both analysis types suggested that movement-related characteristics of spiders were the most important, followed by appearance characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12508DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic subjective tinnitus.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shanghai Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200336, China.

Background: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been known with a theoretical basis for tinnitus patients, there still were lack of clinical evidence.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of chronic subjective tinnitus.

Methods: One hundred patients with chronic subjective tinnitus patients were randomly divided into control (50 cases) and intervention (50 cases) groups, which received the masking therapy and sound treatment and masking therapy and sound treatment plus CBT. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960709183098
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.10.017DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Risk of psychiatric disorders in rosacea: A nationwide, population-based, cohort study in Taiwan.

J Dermatol 2019 Feb 22;46(2):110-116. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Dermatology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Rosacea has been reported to be associated with psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, a nationwide study of the relationship between rosacea and comorbid psychiatric diseases in an Asian population has not been conducted. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of rosacea in the various psychiatric disorders by using a nationwide database in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.14705DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The effect of repeated methotrexate injections on the quality of life of children with rheumatic diseases.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Jan 17;178(1):17-20. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology Willem-Alexander Children's Hospital, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

In clinical practice, the burden of repeated injections in children with rheumatic disease receiving disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs is significant. To investigate the nature and extent of impact on the quality of life after repeated injections, we conducted a literature review. Two relevant papers were identified, both about children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) being administered methotrexate. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00431-018-3286-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3286-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311192PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Yield and Efficiency of Mental Disorder Screening at Intake to Prison: A Comparison of DIA-X Short- and Long-Screening-Protocols in Compensation Prisoners.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:538. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Praxisgemeinschaft für Psychosomatik, Gais, Switzerland.

Inmates are several times more likely to suffer from mental disorders than the general population.In order to take appropriate curative or preventive measures, a precise psychiatric diagnosis at detention start would therefore be imperative, but is frequently not carried out for reasons of time. The computer-aided expert system DIA-X enables a rapid and reliable diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212464PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Implementations of Virtual Reality for Anxiety-Related Disorders: Systematic Review.

JMIR Serious Games 2018 Nov 7;6(4):e10965. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

School of Education and Psychology, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom.

Background: Although traditional forms of therapy for anxiety-related disorders (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT) have been effective, there have been long-standing issues with these therapies that largely center around the costs and risks associated with the components comprising the therapeutic process. To treat certain types of specific phobias, sessions may need to be held in public, therefore risking patient confidentiality and the occurrence of uncontrollable circumstances (eg, weather and bystander behavior) or additional expenses such as travel to reach a destination. To address these issues, past studies have implemented virtual reality (VR) technologies for virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) to provide an immersive, interactive experience that can be conducted privately and inexpensively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10965DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249506PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Biological preparedness and resistance to extinction of skin conductance responses conditioned to fear relevant animal pictures: A systematic review.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 12 28;95:430-437. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Preparedness theory is one of the most influential ideas in explaining the origin of specific phobias. The theory proposes that fear conditioning is selective to animals that have posed a threat to survival throughout human evolution, and that acquired fear memories to such threats are resistant to extinction. We reviewed fear conditioning studies testing whether autonomic responses conditioned to pictures of snakes and spiders show greater resistance to extinction than neutral cues. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01497634183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.10.017DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Attenuated Psychophysiological Reactivity following Single-Session Group Imagery Rescripting versus Verbal Restructuring in Social Anxiety Disorder: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2018 31;87(6):340-349. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Washington,

Background: The effectiveness of psychotherapies for social anxiety disorder (SAD) is typically evaluated using self- and clinician-reported symptom change, while biomarkers of treatment response are rarely measured. The current study aimed to compare biomarkers of response following two brief group interventions for SAD.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of single-session group interventions for SAD (n = 58) - imagery rescripting (IR) and verbal restructuring (VR) versus waitlist control (WC). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493897
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493897DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Corticosteroid phobia (corticophobia) in parents of young children with atopic dermatitis and their health care providers.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Jan 18;36(1):100-104. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.

Background: Adherence to topical corticosteroids is low among atopic dermatitis patients and their parents. This can lead to treatment failure and decreased quality of life.

Objective: To assess and compare the worries and beliefs concerning topical corticosteroids among parents of children with atopic dermatitis, involved health care professionals, and between different professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13698DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Subjective evaluation of the effect of single test doses of phenazepam and placebo in patients with anxiety disorders: a relationship with objective pharmaco-electroencephalography characteristics].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(9):53-60

Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study the relationship between subjective evaluation (SE) of the effect of single test doses of benzodiazepine anxiolytic phenazepam and placebo and objective electroencephalography (EEG) characteristics in patients with anxiety disorders.

Material And Methods: Forty patients, including 13 with generalized anxiety disorders (GAD, ICD-10 F41.1), 13 with anxiety-phobic disorders (AFD, ICD-10 F40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201811809153DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Enhancing the Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Anxiety.

Behav Ther 2018 11 18;49(6):995-1007. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

University of Illinois at Chicago.

Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) is a promising treatment modality for social anxiety disorder, but effect sizes are relatively small across investigations (Hallion & Ruscio, 2011). Additionally, the extent to which CBM-I impacts other cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes is unclear. This study investigated whether two empirically supported treatment components for anxiety disorders, imaginal exposure (IE) and relaxation, augment the effects of CBM-I and increase the extent to which the effects of CBM-I generalize to behavioral and affective outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

I Did OK, but Did I Like It? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Examine Perceptions of Social Interactions Associated With Severity of Social Anxiety and Depression.

Behav Ther 2018 11 3;49(6):866-880. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of Virginia.

Socially anxious and depressed individuals tend to evaluate their social interactions negatively, but little is known about the specific real-time contributors to these negative perceptions. The current study examined how affect ratings during social interactions predict later perceptions of those interactions, and whether this differs by social anxiety and depression severity. Undergraduate participants (N = 60) responded to a smartphone application that prompted participants to answer short questions about their current affect and social context up to 6 times a day for 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.07.009DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Treatment of Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) and Related Disorders.

Curr Treat Options Neurol 2018 Oct 13;20(12):50. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Dizziness and Vertigo Center Essen and Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a newly defined disorder of functional dizziness that in the International Classification of Diseases in its 11th revision (ICD-11) supersedes phobic postural vertigo and chronic subjective dizziness. Despite efforts to unify the diagnosis of functional (somatoform) dizziness, patients will present with a variety of triggers, perpetuating factors, and comorbidities, requiring individualized treatment. This article will review different treatment strategies for this common functional neurological disorder and provide practical recommendations for tailored therapy. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11940-018-0535-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11940-018-0535-0DOI Listing
October 2018
40 Reads

[Negative Indicators in the Psychotherapeutic Process: Frequency and Relationship with Attachment Characteristics and Treatment Outcome among Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2018 Sep 4;68(9-10):408-416. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Institut für Psychosoziale Medizin und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Jena.

Within the SOPHO-Net-Project, mainly focusing on a randomized-controlled trial comparing short term cognitive and psychodynamic psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder, a subsample consisting of 88 patients from 3 of the 5 study sites was investigated to examine the relationship between outcome, initial attachment characteristics and negative indicators during the process. These negative indicators were assessed with the Vanderbilt Negative Indicators Scale which was applied to an early (3), a middle (9) as well as a late therapy (22) session. The study shows that negative indicators as a whole were relatively rare with a higher frequency within the psychodynamic therapies for which a relationship between negative indicators and outcome could be found. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0639-5568
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0639-5568DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Anxiety Disorders.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 09;155(37):611-620

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Campus Charité Mitte (CCM), Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin; Institute of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Freiburg.

Background: Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness in Europe, with a 12-month prevalence of 14% among persons aged 14 to 65. Their onset is usually in adolescence or early adulthood. The affected patients often develop further mental or somatic illnesses (sequential comorbidity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206399PMC
September 2018
23 Reads

Subcortical brain volumes, cortical thickness and cortical surface area in families genetically enriched for social anxiety disorder - A multiplex multigenerational neuroimaging study.

EBioMedicine 2018 Oct 25;36:410-428. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a disabling psychiatric condition with a genetic background. Brain alterations in gray matter (GM) related to SAD have been previously reported, but it remains to be elucidated whether GM measures are candidate endophenotypes of SAD. Endophenotypes are measurable characteristics on the causal pathway from genotype to phenotype, providing insight in genetically-based disease mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.08.048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197574PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Does centrality in a cross-sectional network suggest intervention targets for social anxiety disorder?

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Oct;86(10):831-844

Department of Psychology, Temple University.

Objective: Network analysis allows us to identify the most interconnected (i.e., central) symptoms, and multiple authors have suggested that these symptoms might be important treatment targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166439PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Internet gaming disorder in adolescence: Psychological characteristics of a clinical sample.

J Behav Addict 2018 Sep 28;7(3):707-718. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

1 Department of Psychology, FPCEE Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull , Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Aims: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become a topic of increasing research interest since its inclusion in Section 3 of the DSM-5. Given the lack of clinical studies concerning IGD, exploring the characteristics of clinical samples with IGD will help to delineate the gaming disorder construct and inform future treatment studies.

Methods: Data collection consisted of clinical interviews comprising 31 male adolescents diagnosed with IGD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.75DOI Listing
September 2018
57 Reads

Nuclear medicine RIP (radiation induced phobia); improving the image.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 12 25;45(13):2475-2477. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Nuclear Medicine Department, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, BN2 5BE, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-018-4168-zDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders in adults with epilepsy.

Authors:
Marco Mula

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Dec 1;19(17):1867-1874. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

a Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education , St George's University of London , London , UK.

Introduction: Anxiety disorders represent one of the most frequently encountered comorbidities in patients with epilepsy, affecting the quality of life and increasing, morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. However, they are still underdiagnosed and undertreated. Areas covered: This is a narrative review of the pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders in adult patients with epilepsy discussing also major issues regarding pathophysiology and diagnosis. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14656566.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2018.1527905DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Impulse control disorders in patients with prolactinoma receiving dopamine agonist therapy: a prospective study with 1 year follow-up.

Endocrine 2018 Dec 11;62(3):692-700. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To assess prospectively the prevalence of impulse control disorders (ICD), psychiatric symptoms, and their clinical correlates in patients with prolactinoma receiving dopamine agonists (DA) in comparison to those with non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) and healthy controls (HC).

Methods: A total of 25 patients with prolactinoma, 31 with NFA, and 32 HCs were included in the study. All patients and controls were screened for the presence of ICDs and other psychiatric disorders using revised version of Minnesota Impulsive Disorders Interview (MIDI-R), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), Symptom Check List (SCL-90-R) questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12020-018-1744-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1744-8DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Do comorbid social and other anxiety disorders predict outcomes during and after cognitive therapy for depression?

J Affect Disord 2019 01 25;242:150-158. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cognitive therapy (CT) improves symptoms in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) plus comorbid anxiety disorder, but the specific type of anxiety may influence outcomes. This study compared CT outcomes among adults with MDD plus social, other, or no comorbid anxiety disorders.

Methods: Outpatients with recurrent MDD (N = 523, including 87 with social and 110 with other comorbid anxiety disorders) received acute-phase CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151272PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Neural connectivity during affect labeling predicts treatment response to psychological therapies for social anxiety disorder.

J Affect Disord 2019 01 18;242:105-110. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Although psychological treatments for social anxiety disorder (SAD) can be highly effective, many individuals do not respond to treatment. Identifying factors associated with improved outcomes can facilitate individualized treatment choices. We investigated whether patterns of neural connectivity predicted treatment responses and whether treatment type, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), moderated this effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.016DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety disorders].

Authors:
Y Shiban

Nervenarzt 2018 Nov;89(11):1227-1231

PFH - Private Hochschule Göttingen, Weender Landstr. 3-7, 37073, Göttingen, Deutschland.

Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental disorders in Germany. Exposure therapy has proven effective in treating anxiety disorders. During exposure therapy, patients are systematically confronted with the feared stimulus or situation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00115-018-0596-zDOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Changes in Decentering Across Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder.

Behav Ther 2018 09 31;49(5):809-822. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

University of Massachusetts Boston.

To further improve treatments, we need to better understand potential common treatment mechanisms, such as decentering, or the ability to observe thoughts and feelings as objective events in the mind rather than personally identifying with them (Safran & Segal, 1990). Therefore, this study examined whether 12 sessions of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) for 63 clients (57.6% female, 50. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112177PMC
September 2018
13 Reads

Voxel-based morphometry multi-center mega-analysis of brain structure in social anxiety disorder.

Neuroimage Clin 2017 30;16:678-688. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a prevalent and disabling mental disorder, associated with significant psychiatric co-morbidity. Previous research on structural brain alterations associated with SAD has yielded inconsistent results concerning the direction of the changes in gray matter (GM) in various brain regions, as well as on the relationship between brain structure and SAD-symptomatology. These heterogeneous findings are possibly due to limited sample sizes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2017.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103329PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

The feasibility of an augment reality system to study the psychophysiological correlates of fear-related responses.

Brain Behav 2018 Sep 22;8(9):e01084. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Electronics, Telecommunication and Informatics (DETI), Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering (IEETA), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Previous studies have successfully used augmented reality (AR) as an aid to exposure-based treatments for anxiety disorders. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of these studies have measured the physiological correlates of the fear response, relying solely on self-reports and behavioral avoidance tests.

Methods: As the physiological defensive reactivity pattern impacts on the treatment effectiveness, we tested the feasibility of an AR system integrated in a mobile and wearable device for assessing the psychophysiological mechanisms (heart rate) involved in fear responses in real-life contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160646PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Fear of cancer progression in patients with stage IA malignant melanoma.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2018 Sep 20;27(5):e12901. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Dermatology, Skin Cancer Center, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

We aimed to determine the prevalence and importance of fear of cancer progression (FoP) in melanoma patients with stage IA tumours to assess psychosocial and demographic factors associated with severity of FoP and to determine the relationship of FoP and quality of life (QoL). One hundred and thirty-six patients with stage IA melanoma completed the short version of the Fear of Progression Questionnaire (FoP-Q-SF), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the EORTC-QLQ-C30. We found a mean FoP-Q-SF sum score of 30. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ecc.12901
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.12901DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Work-Anxiety Rather Than Cognitive Performance Contributes to Workability Decisions in Patients With Mental Disorders.

Authors:
Beate Muschalla

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov;60(11):1042-1048

Technische Universität Braunschweig, Department of Psychology, Braunschweig, Germany.

Background: Mental workability decisions must be based on information on person's symptom load, cognitive performance, and workplace conditions. This investigation explores in which way these factors contribute to workability in persons with common mental disorders (CMDs).

Methods: One thousand five hundred seventy CMD-patients underwent multimodal medical diagnostic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001432DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Glucocorticoid administration restores salience network activity in patients with spider phobia.

Depress Anxiety 2018 10 12;35(10):925-934. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Division of Systems Neuroscience of Psychopathology, University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Glucocorticoids reduce phobic fear in patients with anxiety disorders. Although the neurobiology of anxiety disorders is not fully understood, convergent structural and functional neuroimaging studies have identified abnormalities in various brain regions, including those in the salience network (SN) and default mode network (DMN). Here, we examine the effects of glucocorticoid administration on SN and DMN activity during the processing of phobic stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22806DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

What Mindfulness can learn about Dissociation and what Dissociation can learn from Mindfulness.

Authors:
Chrisine Forner

J Trauma Dissociation 2018 Aug 10:1-15. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Mindfulness based psychotherapeutic interventions have shown to be an effective intervention for quite some time now. These intervention, however, have not been that successful with individuals who experience dissociative disorders. There is a very clear disconnect between these two fields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2018.1502568DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Poor dietary patterns at 1-5 years of age are related to food neophobia and breastfeeding duration but not age of introduction to solids in a relatively advantaged sample.

Eat Behav 2018 12 22;31:28-34. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Sturt Rd, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042, Australia; Centre for Children's Health Research, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia.

Previous studies have investigated associations between individual foods or food group intake, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. This study aimed to investigate associations between whole dietary patterns in young children, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. Parents of children (N = 234) aged 1-5 years completed an online questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.06.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Psychological assessment in 355 Chinese college students with androgenetic alopecia.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11315

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University.

Although the association of the psychological problems and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) gained the increasing attention, the psychosocial state in college students with AGA remains unknown. We recruited a total number of 355 college students with AGA from 18 universities in Southern China for interview. The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) survey was used to assess the psychological state of these students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081179PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Bigger is better: Full-length versions of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and Social Phobia Scale outperform short forms at assessing treatment outcome.

Psychol Assess 2018 Nov 2;30(11):1512-1526. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Centre for Clinical Interventions.

The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) are 20-item companion measures of social anxiety symptoms frequently used to evaluate outcome in treatment trials. The SIAS-6, SPS-6, and Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS) are promising short forms of the SIAS and SPS. The current study evaluated whether it is sound to use these short scales instead of the full-length instruments to measure outcome in social anxiety disorder (SAD) treatment studies, using data from a trial in which 255 adults with SAD were treated with traditional or imagery-enhanced group cognitive-behavioral therapy. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pas0000601
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000601DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

[Nomophobia: Disorder of the 21st Century].

Semergen 2018 Oct 24;44(7):e117-e118. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Centro de Salud Santa Olalla-GAI, Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semerg.2018.05.002DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Feeling excluded no matter what? Bias in the processing of social participation in borderline personality disorder.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 26;19:343-350. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) feel ostracized even when they are included. This might be due to a biased processing of social participation in BPD. We examined whether patients with BPD also process social overinclusion in a biased manner, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.04.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6044182PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Efficacy and tolerability of fluvoxamine in adults with social anxiety disorder: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(28):e11547

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University.

Background: No meta-analysis for estimating the comprehensive efficacy and tolerability of fluvoxamine in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) has been published.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of fluvoxamine in adults with SAD, trials meeting the following criteria were identified: population: ≥18 years of age with a diagnosis of SAD; intervention: fluvoxamine; study design: placebo-controlled randomized controlled trials (RCTs); outcomes: efficacy and tolerability outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076099PMC
July 2018
8 Reads