405,823 results match your criteria Philosophy Ethics and Humanities in Medicine PEHM [Journal]


Implicit associations between individual properties of color and sound.

Atten Percept Psychophys 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Language and Literature, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

We report a series of 22 experiments in which the implicit associations test (IAT) was used to investigate cross-modal correspondences between visual (luminance, hue [R-G, B-Y], saturation) and acoustic (loudness, pitch, formants [F1, F2], spectral centroid, trill) dimensions. Colors were sampled from the perceptually accurate CIE-Lab space, and the complex, vowel-like sounds were created with a formant synthesizer capable of separately manipulating individual acoustic properties. In line with previous reports, the loudness and pitch of acoustic stimuli were associated with both luminance and saturation of the presented colors. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: Jean Baptiste Octave Landry (1826-1865).

J Neurol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of History and Philosophy of Medical Sciences, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Przybyszewskiego 37a, 60365, Poznan, Poland.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Title was incorrect. The corrected title is given below. Read More

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December 2018

The Over-Extended Mind? Pink Noise and the Ethics of Interaction-Dominant Systems.

Nanoethics 2018 1;12(3):269-281. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

4Department of Health and Social Sciences, UWE, Bristol, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol, BS16 1QY UK.

There is a growing recognition within cognitive enhancement and neuroethics debates of the need for greater emphasis on cognitive artefacts. This paper aims to contribute to this broadening and expansion of the cognitive-enhancement and neuroethics debates by focusing on a particular form of relation or coupling between humans and cognitive artefacts: interaction-dominance. We argue that interaction-dominance as an emergent property of some human-cognitive artefact relations has important implications for understanding the attribution and distribution of causal and other forms of responsibility as well as agency relating to the actions of human-cognitive artefact couplings. Read More

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November 2018

Giving Voice to Patients: Developing a Discussion Method to Involve Patients in Translational Research.

Nanoethics 2018 9;12(3):181-197. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

4Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Biomedical research policy in recent years has often tried to make such research more 'translational', aiming to facilitate the transfer of insights from research and development (R&D) to health care for the benefit of future users. Involving patients in deliberations about and design of biomedical research may increase the quality of R&D and of resulting innovations and thus contribute to translation. However, patient involvement in biomedical research is not an easy feat. Read More

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[39th STAR conference Stress, Anxiety and Resilience].

Med Pr 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie / Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland (Wydział Filozofii Chrześcijańskiej, Instytut Psychologii / Faculty of Christian Philosophy, Institute of Psychology).

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December 2018

CRISPR-mediated activation of a promoter or enhancer rescues obesity caused by haploinsufficiency.

Science 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

A wide-range of human diseases result from haploinsufficiency, where the function of one of the two gene copies is lost. Here, we targeted the remaining functional copy of a haploinsufficient gene using CRISPR-mediated activation (CRISPRa) in and heterozygous mouse models to rescue their obesity phenotype. Transgenic-based CRISPRa targeting of the promoter or its distant hypothalamic enhancer upregulated its expression from the endogenous functional allele in a tissue-specific manner, rescuing the obesity phenotype in heterozygous mice. Read More

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December 2018

Poor relationship between frontal tibiofemoral and trochlear anatomic parameters: Implications for designing a trochlea for kinematic alignment.

Knee 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

MSK Lab, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, Laboratory Block, London W6 8RP, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; South West London Elective Orthopaedic Center, Dorking Rd, Epsom KT18 7EG, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: The kinematic alignment (KA) technique for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an emerging implant positioning philosophy that aims to restore constitutional knee anatomy to improve knee kinematics. At present, the KA technique aims to reconstruct native femorotibial (FT) joint alignment, however there is still insufficient consideration towards the inter-individual trochlear anatomy variability. Poor trochlear restoration may compromise clinical outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Building Sustainable Supply Chains for Organizations Based on QFD: A Case Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 12;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

International Business School, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai 201620, China.

Environmental protection has been increasingly emphasized by stakeholders, including social organizations, the government, and the public. As a result, building a sustainable supply chain has now become a part of social corporate responsibility as well as a challenge for firms, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Taking a chemical enterprise (called enterprise C, in this paper) as an example, this paper uses quality function deployment (QFD) techniques and sets up a house of quality (HOQ) to investigate how a SME can achieve sustainable supply chain management. Read More

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December 2018

Depression, auditory-verbal hallucinations, and delusions in patients with schizophrenia: Different patterns of association with prefrontal gray and white matter volume.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Dec 4;283:55-63. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain.

Structural brain abnormalities, including decreased gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume, have been observed in patients with schizophrenia. These decrements were found to be associated with positive and negative symptoms, but affective symptoms (depression and anxiety) were poorly explored. We hypothesized that abnormalities in GM and WM volume might also be related to affective symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

Factor mixture analysis of paranoia in young people.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Section on Clinical Psychology, Department of Education, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Paranoid thoughts are relatively common in the general population and can increase the risk of developing mental health conditions. In this study, we investigate the latent structure of paranoia in a sample of young people.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey; 243 undergraduate students (males: 44. Read More

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December 2018

A two-stage spatial allocation model for elderly healthcare facilities in large-scale affordable housing communities: a case study in Nanjing City.

Int J Equity Health 2018 Dec 12;17(1):183. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Jiangning District, Nanjing, 211189, China.

Background: As the proportion of elderly residents living in large-scale affordable housing communities (LAHCs) increases in China, serious problems have become apparent related to the spatial allocation of elderly healthcare facilities (EHFs), e.g., insufficient provision and inaccessibility. Read More

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December 2018

A Child Health Index for Sweden's 290 Municipalities: A System of Indicators and Indices for Monitoring Children's Health on the Local Level.

Child Indic Res 2018 15;11(6):1889-1906. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

1Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

This broad survey of children's health and wellbeing in Sweden's 290 municipalities converts freely available national data to a set of 13 high quality indicators, and makes local surveillance and comparisons possible. Combining the indicators, using equal weights, into relevant domains as 5 sub-indices and then again into one summary index provides one index for the great picture, sub-indices for the various domains of child health and separate indicators for the detailed study of the basic components. This creates a simplified tool for decision makers and professionals in their task to monitor children's health on the local level. Read More

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January 2018

Manual Hippocampal Subfield Segmentation Using High-Field MRI: Impact of Different Subfields in Hippocampal Volume Loss of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Patients.

Front Neurol 2018 20;9:927. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurosciences and Behavioral Sciences, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil.

In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), presurgical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) often reveals hippocampal atrophy, while neuropathological assessment indicates the different types of hippocampal sclerosis (HS). Different HS types are not discriminated in MRI so far. We aimed to define the volume of each hippocampal subfield on MRI manually and to compare automatic and manual segmentations for the discrimination of HS types. Read More

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November 2018

Social Heroism as Nonselfsacrificial Practical Necessity.

Authors:
Bryan Smyth

Front Psychol 2018 20;9:2269. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Philosophy and Religion, University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, United States.

Most self-reports of heroic action in both reactive and social (proactive) cases describe the experience as involving a kind of necessity. This seems intuitively sound, but it makes it unclear why heroism is accorded strong approbation. To resolve this, I show that the necessity involved in heroism is a nonselfsacrificial practical necessity. Read More

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November 2018

The face-to-face encounter in indigenous health care: a perspective in Lévinas.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2848-2853

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Aurora Nursing School of Affonso Costa. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To reflect on the sensitive behaviors of indigenous healthcare professionals based on the philosophy of Emmanuel Lévinas, to ratify completeness, equity, and humanity.

Method: reflective study.

Reflection: Studies have identified inadequacies in meeting the indigenous singularities. Read More

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January 2018

Illness as a phenomenon of being-in-the-world with others: Plato's , Kleinman and Merleau-Ponty.

Authors:
Susan Bredlau

Med Humanit 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Philosophy, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Plato's , I argue, is a remarkably productive text for confronting and questioning some common presuppositions about the body and illness, particularly when we take seriously Socrates' claim that healing Charmides' headaches requires first examining-and perhaps healing-his soul. I begin by turning to the work of the psychiatrist and medical anthropologist Arthur Kleinman to argue that even if the pain Charmides experiences is more 'physical'than 'mental', a physical exam and physical intervention alone will not necessarily be effective in treating his headaches. Next, I turn to the work of the phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his discussion of the phenomenon of the 'phantom limb' to argue that the body, rather than simply being a physical object is, instead, primarily an experiencing subject; the body is fundamentally our way of having a world. Read More

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December 2018

Disturbances in Self-Experience in Schizophrenia: Metacognition and the Development of an Integrative Recovery-Oriented Individual Psychotherapy.

Psychopathology 2018 Dec 11:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Philosophy, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background/aims: Disturbances in first person experience is a broadly noted feature of schizophrenia, which cannot be reduced to the expression of psychopathology. Yet, though categorically linked with profound suffering, these disturbances are often ignored by most contemporary treatment models.

Methods: In this paper, we present a model, which suggests that deficits in metacognition and their later resolution parsimoniously explain the development of self-disturbance and clarify how persons can later recover. Read More

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December 2018
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The Phenomenon of "Hearing Voices": Not Just Psychotic Hallucinations-A Psychological Literature Review and a Reflection on Clinical and Social Health.

Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Philosophy, Education, Sociology and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Via Venezia 14, Padua, Italia.

The phenomenon of hearing voices is currently a much-discussed topic, both in the field of research and in the field of care services. The majority of people who report "hearing voices" do not subsequently receive services or receive a diagnosis of psychopathology. This topic raises questions for professionals in the health field about the lack of tools that can help illuminate the phenomenon. Read More

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December 2018

The world's first clinical trial for an aplastic anemia patient with thrombocytopenia administering platelets generated from autologous iPS cells.

Int J Hematol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Bioethics and Humanities, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, 98195-7120, USA.

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December 2018

It's Harder to Push, When I Have to Push Hard-Physical Exertion and Fatigue Changes Reasoning and Decision-Making on Hypothetical Moral Dilemmas in Males.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 23;12:268. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Despite the prevalence of physical exertion and fatigue during military, firefighting and disaster medicine operations, sports or even daily life, their acute effects on moral reasoning and moral decision-making have never been systematically investigated. To test the effects of physical exertion on moral reasoning and moral decision-making, we administered a moral dilemma task to 32 male participants during a moderate or high intensity cycling intervention. Participants in the high intensity cycling group tended to show more non-utilitarian reasoning and more non-utilitarian decision-making on impersonal but not on personal dilemmas than participants in the moderate intensity cycling group. Read More

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November 2018

Ethical problems with ethnic matching in gamete donation.

Authors:
Hane Htut Maung

J Med Ethics 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Assisted reproduction using donor gametes is a procedure that allows those who are unable to produce their own gametes to achieve gestational parenthood. Where conception is achieved using donor sperm, the child lacks a genetic link to the intended father. Where it is achieved using a donor egg, the child lacks a genetic link to the intended mother. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence of individual discrimination in the maned wolf long-distance extended-bark.

Behav Processes 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letter of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Electronic address:

The acoustic channel is an efficient long-distance signalling system that may be especially effective for animals moving in the dark in a vast home range. The maned wolf's extended-bark is a long-range vocalization that functions as a mechanism to increase spatial distance among conspecifics as well as to enable pair-mate reunion. Individual variations in this vocalization have been reported, but the possibility that they can be perceived and used by the species has never been tested. Read More

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December 2018

Motivation for participating in phase 1 vaccine trials: Comparison of an influenza and an Ebola randomized controlled trial.

Vaccine 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and the Nova Scotia Health Authority, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Introduction/hypothesis: Recruitment of participants into phase 1 vaccine clinical trials can be challenging since these vaccines have not been used in humans and there is no perceived benefit to the participant. Occasionally, as was the case with a phase 1 clinical trial of an Ebola vaccine in Halifax, Canada, during the 2014-2016 West African Ebola virus outbreak, recruitment is less difficult. In this study, we explored the motivations of participants in two phase 1 vaccine trials that were concurrently enrolling at the same centre and compared the motivations of participants in a high-profile phase 1 Ebola vaccine trial to those in a less high-profile phase 1 adjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccine study. Read More

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December 2018

Community perspective: How volunteers, professionals, families and the general population construct disability: Social, clinical and health implications.

Disabil Health J 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 14, Padova, Italy.

Background: This research deals with the way people create discourses around disability, which shape the community's concept of disability.

Objective: The purpose of this article is to find out how the community configures "disability", in particular by understanding the ideas, needs and strategies that the community uses towards people with disabilities. Specifically, different roles have been involved, such as professionals, volunteers, family members and citizens. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluation of the role of biocolonizations in the conservation state of Machu Picchu (Peru): The Sacred Rock.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Ministerio de Cultura - Dirección Desconcentrada de Cultura Cusco, Dirección PAN Machu Picchu, Peru.

Machu Picchu Inca sanctuary (Cusco Region, Peru) was constructed on a granitic plateau, better known as Vilcabamba batholith. One of the most important carved granitic rocks from this archaeological site is the Sacred Rock, used by Inca citizens for religious rituals. Due to the location and climatic conditions, different rocks from this archaeological site are affected by biocolonizations. Read More

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November 2018

Promoting DNP-PhD collaboration in doctoral education: Forming a DNP project team.

J Prof Nurs 2018 Nov - Dec;34(6):433-436. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Department of Adult Health and Gerontological Nursing, College of Nursing, 600 S. Paulina St. 1080 AAC, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, United States.

As the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree continues to evolve, challenges exist with the scholarly project. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) has set forth guidelines for the DNP project (2015), however, at this point there is variation with respect to the structure of the DNP project team. This is particularly important given the: 1) growing number of DNP students; 2) need to foster scholarship; and 3) necessity for ensuring rigor of this degree (Waldrop, Caruso, Fuchs & Hypes, 2014). Read More

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December 2017

Marconi's legal battles: Discursive, textual, and material entanglements.

Hist Sci 2018 Dec 10:73275318801394. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of History and Philosophy of Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

The paper offers an account of how the meaning of the concept of "invention" and "inventorship" is not stable and predefined but rather constructed during patent disputes. In particular, I look at how that construction takes place in adversarial settings like the courts of law. I argue that key notions of intellectual property law like invention and inventorship are as constructed as technoscientific claims are in laboratories. Read More

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December 2018

Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology: Fiery A. Cushman.

Authors:

Am Psychol 2018 Dec;73(9):1154-1156

The APA Awards for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology recognize psychologists who have demonstrated excellence early in their careers and have held a doctoral degree for no more than 9 years. One of the 2018 award winners is Fiery A. Cushman, "for his groundbreaking research in moral psychology, integrating ideas from cognitive, social, and developmental psychology; moral and legal philosophy; evolutionary biology; cognitive neuroscience; and artificial intelligence. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence of bias against girls and women in contexts that emphasize intellectual ability.

Am Psychol 2018 Dec;73(9):1139-1153

Department of Psychology, New York University.

Despite the numerous intellectual contributions made by women, we find evidence of bias against them in contexts that emphasize intellectual ability. In the first experiment, 347 participants were asked to refer individuals for a job. Approximately half of the participants were led to believe that the job required high-level intellectual ability; the other half were not. Read More

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December 2018

Urgency to build a connection: Midwives' experiences of being 'with woman' in a model where midwives are unknown.

Midwifery 2018 Nov 28;69:150-157. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore midwives' experiences of being 'with woman' in the intrapartum period within the context of an unknown midwife model.

Design: A descriptive phenomenological design was used with individual in-depth interviews. Transcribed interviews were analysed using thematic analysis that incorporated the data analysis framework offered by Amadeus Giorgi. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

The impact of the implementation of the Dutch combined Meeting Centres Support Programme for family caregivers of people with dementia in Italy, Poland and UK.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

j Department of Psychiatry , VU University Medical Centre , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.

Objectives: The MEETINGDEM research project aimed to implement the combined Dutch Meeting Centre Support Programme (MCSP) for community-dwelling people with dementia and caregivers within Italy, Poland and UK and to assess whether comparable benefits were found in these countries as in the Netherlands.

Method: Nine pilot Meeting Centres (MCs) participated (Italy-5, Poland-2, UK-2). Effectiveness of MCSP was compared to usual care (UC) on caregiver outcomes measuring competence (SSCQ), mental health (GHQ-12), emotional distress (NPI-Q) and loneliness (UCLA) analysed by ANCOVAs in a 6-month pre-test/post-test controlled trial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Adaptation, chance, and history in experimental evolution reversals to unicellularity.

Evolution 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, 55108.

Evolution is often deemed irreversible. The evolution of complex traits that require many mutations makes their reversal unlikely. Even in simpler traits, reversals might become less likely as neutral or beneficial mutations, with deleterious effects in the ancestral context, become fixed in the novel background. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Medium-Range Narratives as a Complementary Tool to Principle-Based Prioritization in Sweden: Test Case "ADHD".

J Bioeth Inq 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for Ethics, History and Philosophy of Medicine, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany.

In this paper, for the benefit of reflection processes in clinical and in local, regional, and national priority-setting, we aim to develop an ethical theoretical framework that includes both ethical principles and medium-range narratives. We present our suggestion in the particular case of having to choose between treatment interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and treatment interventions for other conditions or diseases, under circumstances of scarcity. In order to arrive at our model, we compare two distinct ethical approaches: a generalist (principles) approach and a particularist (narratives) approach. Read More

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December 2018

Continuous improvement process: ortho-geriatric co-management of proximal femoral fractures.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Robert-Bosch-Krankenhaus Stuttgart, Auerbachstrasse 110, 70376, Stuttgart, Germany.

Objective: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of a quality management system on treatment and care delivery of proximal femoral fractures. Specifically, our hypothesis was that the "plan-do-check-act (PDCA)" philosophy of the ISO 9001 quality management system results in a continuous improvement process.

Methods: 1015 proximal femoral fractures were prospectively included into a hip fracture database over a 5-year period, after a restructuring process with implementation of clinical pathways and standard operation procedures. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Are Proselfs More Deceptive and Hypocritical? Social Image Concerns in Appearing Fair.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2268. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Deception varies across individuals and social contexts. The present research explored how individual difference measured by social value orientations, and situations, affect deception in moral hypocrisy. In two experiments, participants made allocations between themselves and recipients with an opportunity to deceive recipients where recipients cannot reject their allocations. Read More

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November 2018

The and of Consciousness?

Authors:
Tim S Meese

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2173. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Aston Laboratory for Immersive Virtual Environments, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

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November 2018
1 Read

Mild and severe childhood depression: differences and implications for prevention programs in the school setting.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 12;11:581-588. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastián, Spain.

Purpose: The study had two goals as follows: 1) to identify the prevalence of children with mild and severe depression (MD and SD), exploring sex differences; and 2) to determine possible significant differences in adaptive and clinical variables between children with different levels of depression (absence of depression, MD, and SD).

Materials And Methods: We used a sample of 420 participants aged 7-10 years (53.3% boys) enrolled in third and fourth grade of primary education, from schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Doing philosophy effectively II: A replication and elaboration of student learning in classroom teaching.

PLoS One 2018 3;13(12):e0208128. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Methodology and Statistics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

An important aim of teaching philosophy in Dutch secondary schools is to learn about philosophy (that is, the great philosophers) by doing philosophy. In an earlier study published in PLoS ONE, we focused on the relationship between student learning activities and teacher behavior by analyzing eight lessons. Correspondence analysis revealed that doing philosophy was more effective in some lessons than in others. Read More

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December 2018

Ethical Arguments Concerning the Use of Alzheimer's Disease Biomarkers in Individuals with No or Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Framework for Discussion.

J Alzheimers Dis 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Neurology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboudumc, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: The shift to defining Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a biological continuum, which is characterized by the presence of biomarkers instead of clinical symptoms, has sparked a widespread debate. Insight into the given arguments and their underlying moral values is crucial to ensure well-considered and appropriate AD biomarker testing in the future.

Objective: To critically review the arguments in favor of or against AD biomarker testing in people with no or mild cognitive impairment and to explicate their underlying moral values. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Limits to the appropriateness of intensive care : Policy statement of the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (DIVI).

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Medical Clinic and Medical Intensive Care Medicine, St.-Antonius Hospital, Dechant-Decker-Str. 8, 52249, Eschweiler, Germany.

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November 2018
1 Read

Knowledge About and Attitudes of Interdisciplinary Team Members Toward Occupational Therapy Practice: Implications and Future Directions.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Objectives: In Kuwait, knowledge and attitudes of the health care teams toward occupational therapy practice (OTP) have not been investigated. This current study, sought to explore the knowledge about, and attitudes of interdisciplinary team members toward OTP.

Subjects And Methods: This cross-sectional study involved developing and validating a tool to serve the purpose of the study. Read More

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December 2018
1.113 Impact Factor

Subjective inflation: phenomenology's get-rich-quick scheme.

Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 14;29:49-55. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and Cognitive Neuroscience, CUNY Graduate Center, New York, NY 10016, USA.

How do we explain the seemingly rich nature of visual phenomenology while accounting for impoverished perception in the periphery? This apparent mismatch has led some to posit that rich phenomenological content overflows cognitive access, whereas others hold that phenomenology is in fact sparse and constrained by cognitive access. Here, we review the Rich versus Sparse debate as it relates to a phenomenon called subjective inflation, wherein minimally attended or peripheral visual perception tends to be subjectively evaluated as more reliable than attended or foveal perception when objective performance is matched. We argue that subjective inflation can account for rich phenomenology without invoking phenomenological overflow. Read More

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November 2018

Using the EngagedMD multimedia platform to improve informed consent for ovulation induction, intrauterine insemination, and in vitro fertilization.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec;110(7):1338-1346

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio. Electronic address:

Objective: To study patient and provider feedback on how a multimedia platform (EngagedMD) helps patients to understand the risks and consequences of in vitro fertilization (IVF), ovulation induction (OI), and intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatments and the impact of the informed consent process.

Design: Prospective survey study.

Setting: IVF units in the United States. Read More

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December 2018

The current status of oocyte banks: domestic and international perspectives.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec;110(7):1203-1208

Bioethics Institute Ghent, Department of Philosophy and Moral Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Two major breakthroughs in the field of assisted reproduction-oocyte donation and oocyte vitrification-have joined forces to create the rapidly emerging phenomenon of commercial egg banks (CEBs). In this review, we examine the history of this concept, the operational models, the geographical variations, and the benefits and pitfalls of CEBs, including the ethical and legal dilemmas arising from gamete mobility. We highlight future directions in the brave new world of third-party reproduction. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Nurse Leadership Development in Malta.

J Transcult Nurs 2018 Dec 1:1043659618811918. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

2 University of Malta, Valleta, Malta.

Introduction: Leadership development has been studied extensively in many of the larger countries around the world, but there has been very limited research on nursing leadership development within small island countries.

Purpose: Explorative semistructured interviews underpinned by a phenomenological philosophy were conducted to seek understanding of the meaning attributed to the nursing leadership development within the Maltese culture.

Method: Six nurse leaders from administration, advanced practice, and academic backgrounds participated in semistructured interviews. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Phases of physics in J. D. Forbes' Dissertation Sixth for the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1856).

Authors:
Isobel Falconer

Hist Sci 2018 Dec 3:73275318811443. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, UK.

This paper takes James David Forbes' Encyclopaedia Britannica entry, Dissertation Sixth, as a lens to examine physics as a cognitive, practical, and social enterprise. Forbes wrote this survey of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century mathematical and physical sciences between 1852 and 1856, when British "physics" was at a pivotal point in its history, situated between a field identified by its mathematical methods - originating in France - and a discipline identified by its university laboratory institutions. Contemporary encyclopedias provided a nexus for publishers, the book trade, readers, and men of science in the formation of physics as a field. Read More

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December 2018

Through the mother's voice: Exposure and intimacy in Lesley McIntyre's photo project The Time of Her Life and Elisabeth Zahnd Legnazzi's Chiara A Journey Into Light.

Authors:
Agnese Sile

Health (London) 2018 Dec 2:1363459318815933. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

The University of Edinburgh, UK.

When it comes to depicting ill or disabled children, the ethics of representation becomes increasingly complex. The perception of photographs as voyeuristic and objectifying is of particular concern here and resonates with widespread fear about the eroticisation, mistreatment and exploitation of children. Although these fears are reasonable, this view does not take into account the voice and agenda of the photographic subject, disregards the possibility of recognition and the participatory nature of photography. Read More

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December 2018

Automatic classification of pediatric pneumonia based on lung ultrasound pattern recognition.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0206410. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

Pneumonia is one of the major causes of child mortality, yet with a timely diagnosis, it is usually curable with antibiotic therapy. In many developing regions, diagnosing pneumonia remains a challenge, due to shortages of medical resources. Lung ultrasound has proved to be a useful tool to detect lung consolidation as evidence of pneumonia. Read More

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December 2018
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Nurse Practitioner-Physician Comanagement of Patients in Primary Care.

Policy Polit Nurs Pract 2018 Dec 5:1527154418815024. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY, USA.

Current demand for primary care services will soon exceed the primary care provider (PCP) workforce capacity. As patient panel sizes increase, it has become difficult for a single PCP to deliver all recommended care. As a result, provider comanagement of the same patient has emerged in practice. Read More

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December 2018

An assisted structured reflection on life events and life goals in advanced cancer patients: Outcomes of a randomized controlled trial (Life InSight Application (LISA) study).

Palliat Med 2018 Dec 5:269216318816005. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Department of Medical Oncology, University of Amsterdam and Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background:: Diagnosis and treatment of incurable cancer as a life-changing experience evokes difficult existential questions.

Aim:: A structured reflection could improve patients' quality of life and spiritual well-being. We developed an interview model on life events and ultimate life goals and performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect thereof on quality of life and spiritual well-being. Read More

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December 2018