17,515 results match your criteria Pharyngitis


Associations of anxiety with discomfort and tolerance in Chinese patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(2):e0212180. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Scientific Research Centre, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Objectives: To evaluate the associations of pre-endoscopy anxiety with discomfort and tolerance in patients undergoing unsedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD).

Methods: This is a hospital-based cohort study of 348 patients undergoing routine, non-advanced EGD without sedation. The primary outcomes were discomfort and tolerance. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212180PLOS
February 2019

Fusobacterium Septicemia with Liver and Lung Abscesses Due to Diverticulitis.

ACG Case Rep J 2018 19;5:e99. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

The species is known for its association with septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (Lemierre's syndrome). Lemierre's syndrome is associated with septic emboli to the liver and lungs, often causing multiple abscesses. We present a unique case of septicemia in which the bacteria invaded the portal vein through the gastrointestinal mucosa due to diverticulitis and spread hematogenously to the liver and lungs, causing abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/crj.2018.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358581PMC
December 2018

Clinical differentiation of infectious mononucleosis that is caused by Epstein-Barr virus or cytomegalovirus: A single-center case-control study in Japan.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of General Medicine and Emergency Care, Toho University School of Medicine, Japan.

Introduction: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a common viral infection that typically causes fever, pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy in young patients. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of IM, followed by cytomegalovirus (CMV). Given that serological testing is associated with limitations regarding its accuracy, availability, and time to receive results, clinical differentiation based on symptoms, signs, and basic tests would be useful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Systematic review of the role of corticosteroids in cervicofacial infections.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Maxillofacial surgery Trainees Research Collaborative, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow.

The role of corticosteroids in the management of cervicofacial infections continues to cause controversy. Systemic anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects that reduce swelling and improve symptoms in the head and neck may make these agents an effective addition to the antibiotics used and to surgical management, although this same effect may dull the physiological response to infection, and allow infections to progress. We have systematically reviewed the evidence for the use of corticosteroids in common cervicofacial infections following the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Improving pediatric emergency department physicians' adherence to clinical practice guidelines on the diagnosis and management of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis-a cross-sectional study.

Int J Emerg Med 2018 16;11:49. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

4Department of Pediatric Emergency, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAUHS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Pharyngitis is one of the major and commonly seen presentations in pediatric emergency departments. While it could be caused by both bacterial and viral pathogens, antibiotics are improperly prescribed regardless of the pathogen. Inappropriate usage of antibiotics has risen the concern of microbial resistance and the need for stricter guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12245-018-0209-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326116PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Safety of Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion with Melphalan in Patients with Unresectable Liver Metastases from Ocular Melanoma Using the Delcath Systems' Second-Generation Hemofiltration System: A Prospective Non-randomized Phase II Trial.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To investigate the safety and toxicity of percutaneous hepatic perfusion with melphalan (M-PHP) with the Delcath Systems' second-generation (GEN 2) filter and compare the outcomes with historical data from studies using the first-generation filter.

Materials And Methods: A prospective, single-arm, single-center phase II study was carried out including 35 patients with unresectable, histologically confirmed liver metastases from ocular melanoma between February 2014 and June 2017. Main exclusion criteria were extrahepatic disease and age > 75 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02177-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Efficacy of gummy lozenges containing erysimum as ancillary treatment in children with sore throat.

Minerva Pediatr 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Pediatri di Famiglia, Federazione Italiana Medici Pediatri (FIMP), Sezione Provinciale di Catania, Catania, Italy.

Background: Sore throat frequently occurs in children aged between 4 and 15 years and is often associated to inflammation of the upper respiratory tract mucosa. A reliable approach to limit the damage caused by inflammation and, therefore, to alleviate associated symptoms might be the protection of the mucosa. Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a medical device, formulated as a gummy lozenge and containing a combination of natural functional components (erysimum, aloe vera and Xilogel®) able to exert a barrier effect on the mucosa, as ancillary treatment in children with sore throat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.19.05405-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Severe Refractory Paraneoplastic Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Successfully Treated With Rituximab.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2019 29;6. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Charité- Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucous membranes, which can cause irreversible scarring and is discussed to be associated with cancer, if laminin-332-autoantibodies are present. MMP with severe ocular and laryngeal involvement is difficult to treat and can be treatment-refractory to conventional immunosuppressant therapy. A 67-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer presented to our clinic with sore throat, intraoral bullae, odynophagia, dysphonia, exertional dyspnea, and erosions of the glans penis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2019.00008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362419PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Intracellular Streptococcal Uptake and Persistence: A Potential Cause of Erysipelas Recurrence.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2019 29;6. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Dermatology, University Clinics, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Erysipelas is a severe streptococcal infection of the skin primarily spreading through the lymphatic vessels. Penicillin is the treatment of choice. The most common complication consists in relapses which occur in up to 40% or more of patients despite appropriate antibiotic treatment. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmed.2019.00006/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2019.00006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361840PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

A Controlled Human Infection Model of Group A Pharyngitis: Which Strain and Why?

mSphere 2019 Feb 13;4(1). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Tropical Diseases, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Group A (GAS) is a major cause of global infection-related morbidity and mortality. A modern controlled human infection model (CHIM) of GAS pharyngitis can accelerate vaccine development and pathogenesis research. A robust rationale for strain selection is central to meeting ethical, scientific, and regulatory requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00647-18DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acute Non-Rheumatic Myopericarditis: A Rare Complication of Pharyngitis.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 27;5(12):000987. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Serviço de Cardiologia, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Acute non-rheumatic streptococcal myopericarditis (ANRSM) is a rare complication of an upper airway infection by streptococcus group A in developed countries. Cardiac involvement in bacterial infections must be adequately treated because it can lead to long-term complications. This case report describes recurrent ANRSM in an 18-year-old man, which illustrates how difficult and challenging the diagnosis of this disease can be. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346973PMC
December 2018

Highly Sensitive Molecular Assay for Group A Streptococci Over-Identifies Carriers and May Impact Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago.

Background: Timely, accurate diagnosis of streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis prevents ARF and limits antibiotic overuse. The Illumigene® Group A Streptococcus assay (Meridian Bioscience) is a molecular test for GAS pharyngitis with high sensitivity and specificity. We sought to determine whether the Illumigene test is more likely than throat culture to be positive in patients without pharyngeal symptoms and explore the limits of detection of the test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002293DOI Listing
February 2019

utilizes both Phospholipase D and Arcanolysin to mediate its uptake into non-phagocytic cells.

Infect Immun 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - Shreveport, 1501 Kings Highway P.O. Box 33932, Shreveport, LA 71130-3932, USA

is an emerging human pathogen that causes pharyngitis and wound infections. A few studies have suggested that is able to induce its uptake into non-phagocytic epithelial cells, but the bacterial factors associated with host-cell invasion and the host-cell processes involved have yet to be studied. We investigated how two virulence factors, arcanolysin and phospholipase D, affect the ability of the bacteria to adhere to and subsequently invade Detroit 562 pharyngeal epithelial cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00832-18DOI Listing
February 2019

Ectoine lozenges in the treatment of acute viral pharyngitis: a prospective, active-controlled clinical study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

CRI-Clinical Research International Ltd., Cologne, Germany.

Purpose: Acute pharyngitis is an uncomfortable disorder mostly caused by viruses and for which antibiotics are unwarranted. This study compared lozenges containing ectoine, a natural extremolyte, with hyaluronic acid lozenges and hypertonic saline gargle for symptomatic treatment of acute viral pharyngitis.

Methods: This prospective, controlled clinical study, recruited 90 patients with moderate-to-severe pharyngitis symptoms who chose to use either ectoine (n = 35), hyaluronic acid (n = 35), or saline gargle (n = 20). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05324-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Immunogenicity and side-effects of the inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis patients.

Pediatr Int 2019 Jan;61(1):104-106

Second Department of Paediatrics, "P. & A. Kyriakou" Children's Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The aim of this study was to compare the immunogenicity and side-effects of hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccination between periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) patients and healthy controls who have not been previously exposed to HAV. A prospective observational study was carried out of 28 PFAPA patients and 76 controls who received two doses of the vaccine. Immunogenicity was expressed as seroconversion and seroprotection rates; mean HAV-immunoglobulin G concentration was measured at 0, 1, 7 and 18 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13719DOI Listing
January 2019
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[Does a clinical prediction rule anticipate the diagnosis for streptococcal pharyngitis in children aged 2 to 15?]

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(5):476-482

Departamento de Pediatría, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: The etiology of a streptococcal pharyngitis must be documented by laboratory techniques to avoid unnecessary antimicrobial treatment, but this strategy increases cost for the patient. Available scores applied in children or adults are imperfect.

Aim: To develop a clinical prediction rule to aid the diagnostic process of streptococcal pharyngitis (SP) in children in a low-resource setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000500476DOI Listing
January 2018

[Clinical application evaluation and revision suggestions of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for acute pharyngitis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Dec;43(24):4765-4770

Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China.

The purpose of this study is to analyze the obstructive factors of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for acute pharyngitis, and summarize the revision suggestions for follow-up revision and promotion. Clinical physicians from 181 hospitals in 27 regions of China were selected to complete the online questionnaire survey for statistical analysis of obstructive factors. We collected 501 copies of the applicability evaluation questionnaire and 503 copies of the application evaluation questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181009.009DOI Listing
December 2018

Antibiotic management of acute pharyngitis in primary care.

Hong Kong Med J 2019 Feb 31;25(1):58-63. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital, Hong Kong.

The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health has convened the Advisory Group on Antibiotic Stewardship Programme in Primary Care (the Advisory Group) to formulate guidance notes and strategies for optimising judicious use of antibiotics and enhancing the Antibiotic Stewardship Programme in Primary Care. Acute pharyngitis is one of the most common conditions among out-patients in primary care in Hong Kong. Practical recommendations on the diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of acute streptococcal pharyngitis are made by the Advisory Group based on the best available clinical evidence, local prevalence of pathogens and associated antibiotic susceptibility profiles, and common local practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12809/hkmj187544DOI Listing
February 2019

Echo Screening for Rheumatic Heart Disease.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Feb;12(2):e008818

University Hospitals Harrington Heart & Vascular Institute and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.118.008818DOI Listing
February 2019

sepsis after tonsillitis/pharyngitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Emergency Department, Cork University Hospital Group, Cork, Ireland.

is a rare infection most notable for causing Lemierre's syndrome. This consists of a primary oropharyngeal infection and septic thrombophlebitis, and one or more metastatic focus. Prior to the widespread use of antibiotics, Lemierre's syndrome commonly followed a rapidly progressing course, with a high mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222287DOI Listing
January 2019
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Phylogenetic relationship of prophages is affected by CRISPR selection in Group A Streptococcus.

BMC Microbiol 2019 Jan 28;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Background: Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a major human pathogen, which is associated with a wide spectrum of invasive diseases, such as pharyngitis, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS). It is hypothesized that differences in GAS pathogenicity are related to the acquisition of diverse bacteriophages (phages). Nevertheless, the GAS genome also harbors clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated (cas) genes, which play an important role in eliminating foreign DNA, including those of phages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-019-1393-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348661PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Autoinflammatory diseases: State of the art.

Presse Med 2019 Feb 24;48(1 Pt 2):e25-e48. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

AP-HP, hôpital Tenon, Sorbonne université, service de médecine interne, centre de référence des maladies auto-inflammatoires et des amyloses d'origine inflammatoire (CEREMAIA), 75020 Paris, France; Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, hôpital Trousseau, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (UPMC)-Paris 6, Inserm UMRS_933, 75012 Paris, France.

Autoinflammatory diseases are characterized by innate immunity abnormalities. In autoinflammatory diseases (AID), inflammatory blood biomarkers are elevated during crisis without infection and usually without autoantibodies. The first 4 described AID were familial Mediterranean fever, cryopyrin-associated periodic fever syndrome (CAPS) or NLRP3-associated autoinflammatory disease (NRLP3-AID), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and TNFRSF1A-receptor associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis syndrome - PFAPA syndrome.

Authors:
Per Wekell

Presse Med 2019 Feb 22;48(1 Pt 2):e77-e87. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Pediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, 45180 Uddevalla, Sweden; Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a complex autoinflammatory disease with a clinical phenotype characterised by recurrent episodes of fever, systemic inflammation and symptoms and signs depicted in disease acronym. Although PFAPA is the most common autoinflammatory disease among children in many parts of the world, the condition is still an enigma, which include the regular episodes, the prompt responses to corticosteroids, the genetic bases for the familial clustering and therapeutic effects of tonsillectomy. This review explores PFAPA syndrome with the aim of describing the current clinical and scientific understanding of the condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2018.08.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Validation of an analytical method to quantify the permeation and penetration of flurbiprofen into human pharynx tissue.

Biomed Chromatogr 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Medical Science, Reckitt Benckiser, New Jersey, USA.

The aim of this investigation was to develop receiver and extraction fluids, and subsequently validate an analytical method to quantify the permeation and penetration of flurbiprofen into human pharynx tissue using a Franz diffusion cell. The solubility and stability of flurbiprofen in a suitable receiver fluid, and a suitable extraction method and fluid to recover and quantitate flurbiprofen from human pharynx tissue, were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The potential interference of human pharynx tissue in the receiver fluid was also investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.4499DOI Listing
January 2019

Lassa Fever in Travelers from West Africa, 1969-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):245-248

Lassa virus is a rodentborne arenavirus responsible for human cases of Lassa fever, a viral hemorrhagic fever, in West Africa and in travelers arriving to non-Lassa-endemic countries from West Africa. We describe a retrospective review performed through literature search of clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of all imported Lassa fever cases worldwide during 1969-2016. Our findings demonstrate that approximately half of imported cases had distinctive clinical features (defined as fever and >1 of the following: pharyngitis, sore throat, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis, oropharyngeal ulcers, or proteinuria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346466PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Epidemiological profiles of otorhinolaryngological disorders in adults admitted to the emergency room of a tertiary university hospital.

Authors:
M Dogan A Duman

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):41-45

Department of Emergency Medicine, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydin, Turkey.

Background: The incidence of otorhinolaryngological emergencies has been steadily increasing. With the increasing number of patients admitted to the emergency room, numerous challenges in healthcare have become more prevalent. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological profile of otorhinolaryngological disorders in adults admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_196_18DOI Listing
January 2019

Cold type autoimmune hemolytic anemia- a rare manifestation of infectious mononucleosis; serum ferritin as an important biomarker.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 18;19(1):68. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Sri Jayawardanapura General Hospital, Thalapathpitiya, Nugegoda, Western province, Sri Lanka.

Background: Infectious mononucleosis is one of the main manifestations of Epstein - Barr virus, which is characterized by fever, tonsillar-pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy and atypical lymphocytes. Although 60% of patients with IMN develop cold type antibodies, clinically significant hemolytic anemia with a high ferritin level is very rare and validity of serum ferritin as an important biomarker has not been used frequently.

Case Presentation: 18-year-old girl presented with fever, malaise and sore throat with asymptomatic anemia, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly and mild hepatitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3722-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339345PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Canakinumab for the treatment of hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome.

Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2019 Mar 26;15(3):215-220. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

b Pediatric Rheumatology Unit, Pediatrics Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu , Universitat de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.

Introduction: Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) is a rare monogenic autoinflammatory disorder (AID) with autosomal recessive inheritance caused by mutations in the MVK gene. It includes hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome (HIDS) and mevalonic aciduria (a severe form). Patients have recurrent inflammatory attacks with high fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, arthralgia, rash, pharyngitis, aphtosis and constitutional complaints. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1744666X.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1744666X.2019.1571410DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of group a streptococcal pharyngitis in children in a primary care setting: impact of point-of-care polymerase chain reaction.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Jan 16;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Roche Molecular Systems, Pleasanton, CA, USA.

Background: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of the recommended 2-step rapid antigen detection test (RADT) with confirmatory culture vs the point-of-care (POC) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) Roche cobas® Liat® Strep A test for detection of group A Streptococcus (GAS) in pediatric patients with pharyngitis, and to investigate the impact of these tests on antibiotic use in a large pediatric clinic.

Methods: This prospective, open-label study was conducted at a single site during fall/winter 2016-2017. A total of 275 patients aged 3 to 18 years with symptoms of pharyngitis had a throat-swab specimen analyzed using RADT, POC PCR, and culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1393-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335697PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Antibiotic therapy for an ENT specialist.

Authors:
Piotr Albrecht

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Sep;72(6):1-9

Klinika Gastroenterologii i Żywienia Dzieci, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska.

The study dedicated mainly to general practitioners of ENTs discusses the principles of antibiotic therapy of the most common diseases that this specialty deals with, namely acute tonsillitis and throat inflammation, acute otitis media (AOM), and acute sinusitis. The most common errors in the antibiotic therapy of these diseases are also presented. The basic antibiotic in streptococcal pharyngitis is and remains oral penicillin administered for 10 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.4704DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections During Influenza Seasons.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Jun 1;1(2):e180243. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Importance: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the syndrome for which antibiotics are most commonly prescribed; viruses for which antibiotics are ineffective cause most ARIs.

Objectives: To characterize antibiotic prescribing among outpatients with ARI during influenza season and to identify targets for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for common ARI diagnoses, including among outpatients with laboratory-confirmed influenza.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Cohort study enrolling outpatients aged 6 months or older with ARI evaluated at outpatient clinics associated with 5 US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network sites during the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 influenza seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324415PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Association between rapid antigen detection tests and antibiotics for acute pharyngitis in Japan: A retrospective observational study.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biomedicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 7008530, Japan; Department of Pharmaceutical Biomedicine, Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in Health Systems, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-Naka, Kita-ku, Okayama, 7008530, Japan.

The application and clinical impact of rapid antigen detection test (RADT) in the treatment of acute pharyngitis is unknown in Japan. We aimed to examine the proportions of RADT usage to identify Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GAS) in outpatients with acute pharyngitis and evaluate the association between RADT and antibiotic treatment. We analyzed health insurance claims data from 2013 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Water Extract Shows Potential in Suppressing Pathogens, Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation and Oxidative Stress-Induced Cell Injury.

Molecules 2019 Jan 12;24(2). Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Tea Research Institute Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Hangzhou 310008, China.

is traditionally used to prevent inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis and pharyngitis by residents in southwest China. However, little scientific evidence has been found to support this. In this research, the antibacterial activities of water extract (CLE) were assessed using the micro-dilution method. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/2/273
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24020273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359260PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Hilar asymmetry in endobronchial tuberculosis patients: An often-overlooked clue.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Jan 9;80:80-83. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Background: Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is a challenging diagnosis because of its varied clinical and radiological manifestations. Hilar asymmetry on chest radiograph (CXR) may be found in patient with EBTB but is often overlooked, which may lead to delayed diagnosis.

Case Report: We present five cases with EBTB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Adverse drug events observed with 150 mg versus 300 mg secukinumab for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14042

Department of Dermatology.

Background: Secukinumab has been approved for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. However, safety measures concerning drug administration is vital during treatment. Understanding the right way to administer drugs is important to reduce any serious adverse drug event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336633PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Grisel syndrome presenting as hemiplegia in a patient with multifocal sepsis.

Malawi Med J 2018 06;30(2):127-131

Consultant Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgeon; Dean of Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Malawi.

Introduction: Grisel syndrome is a non-traumatic rotary subluxation of C1 on C2 (atlantoaxial subluxation). It is a rare condition predominantly described in paediatric population with previous history of upper respiratory infections orotolaryngeal procedures. The diagnosis is established by the association of clinical and radiologic findings4,6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v30i2.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307069PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The path to group A Streptococcus vaccines: WHO research and development technology roadmap and preferred product characteristics.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

PATH, Seattle.

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections result in a considerable under-appreciated burden of acute and chronic disease, globally. A 2018 World Health Assembly resolution calls for better control and prevention. Providing guidance on global health research needs is an important WHO activity, influencing prioritization of investments. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy1143DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Antibiotic Prescribing for Children in United States Emergency Departments: 2009-2014.

Pediatrics 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

: media-1vid110.1542/5972296744001PEDS-VA_2018-1056 OBJECTIVES: To characterize and compare ambulatory antibiotic prescribing for children in US pediatric and nonpediatric emergency departments (EDs).

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study of patients aged 0 to 17 years discharged from EDs in the United States was conducted by using the 2009-2014 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey ED data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1056DOI Listing
January 2019
30 Reads

Effectiveness of the probiotic Streptococcus salivarius K12 for the treatment and/or prevention of sore throat: a systematic review.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Aldermoor Health Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Background: Sore throat resulting from pharyngotonsillitis is one of the commonest reasons for primary care consultation and inappropriate antibiotic prescription and finding effective alternative treatments is important.

Objectives: To review the evidence for using the probiotic Streptococcus salivarius K12 (SsK12) for the prevention or treatment of pharyngotonsillitis.

Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2018.12.031DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A CARE-compliant article: Lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils in a miner: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(1):e14009

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu.

Rationale: Lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils are benign tumors that are rare in both adults and children. Most patients suffering from this disease present with nonspecific symptoms similar to those of chronic tonsillitis.

Patient Concern: We report a case of a 21-year-old male miner who presented with a chronic history of a foreign body sensation in the oropharynx and an intermittently sore throat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344164PMC
January 2019

Influence of intraoperative sevoflurane or desflurane on postoperative sore throat: a prospective randomized study.

J Anesth 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, 56 Dalseung-ro, Joong-gu, Daegu, 41931, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Tracheal intubation for general anesthesia causes postoperative sore throat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane on prevalence of postoperative sore throat in patients after general anesthesia.

Methods: Ninety-six patients scheduled for orthopedic lower extremity surgery under general anesthesia were assigned to sevoflurane group or desflurane group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-018-2600-yDOI Listing
January 2019
1.117 Impact Factor

School-based surveillance for detection of children with acute pharyngitis, rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh, India-A cluster randomized controlled trial.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 30;70 Suppl 3:S74-S81. Epub 2018 May 30.

CUNY School of Public Health University, New York, USA.

Background: The lack of surveillance system is a major barrier in prevention and control of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD). Efficacy of school-based surveillance was evaluated for detection of acute pharyngitis and RF/RHD in Shimla district, HP.

Methods: The schools in district Shimla were randomly assigned to intervention and controlled arm (442 vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.05.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309137PMC
December 2018
1 Read

High Prevalence of Autoantibodies Against Monomeric C Reactive Protein (CRP) in Children with PFAPA Syndrome.

J Med Biochem 2018 Dec 1;37(4):507-509. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department and Clinic of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland.

PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis) syndrome is an autoinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether the presence of anti-mCRP autoantibodies (anti-mCRP) might possibly contribute to systemic inflammation during PFAPA flares. We carried out anti-mCRP testing (in-house ELISA) in a single-center, prospective cohort of 30 PFAPA patients (12 girls). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jomb-2017-0066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298472PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Antidiabetic and hepatoprotective activity of the roots of Calanthe fimbriata Franch.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 18;111:60-67. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710061, China. Electronic address:

Background: Calanthe fimbriata is a Tujia ethnic medicine with various medicinal value and it is traditionally used for the treatment of gastric ulcer, chronic hepatitis, pharyngitis, and so on.

Objective: The current study was conducted to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of C. fimbriata methanol extract (CfME) in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) mice and in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.12.066DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Scarlet fever associated with hepatitis in pediatrics. A case report.

Rev Chil Pediatr 2018 Aug;89(4):521-524

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, USA.

Introduction: Scarlet fever is a common illness in pediatrics caused by group A beta-hemolytic strep tococcus (GABHS), which usually occurs after an episode of pharyngitis, and has an overall excellent prognosis. Hepatitis secondary to scarlet fever is a rare complication described in adults and even less frequently in children. Our objective was to describe a case of hepatitis secondary to scarlet fever in a pediatric patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018005000606DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Spectrum of bactericidal action of amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol lozenges against oropharyngeal organisms implicated in pharyngitis.

Int J Gen Med 2018 28;11:451-456. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare International Ltd, Slough, Berkshire, UK,

Purpose: Pharyngitis is commonly caused by a self-limiting upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and symptoms typically include sore throat. Antibiotics are often inappropriately used for the treatment of pharyngitis, which can contribute to antimicrobial resistance, therefore non-antibiotic treatments which have broad antiseptic effects may be more appropriate. Amylmetacresol (AMC) and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol (DCBA) are present in some antiseptic lozenges and have established benefits in providing symptomatic relief and some in vitro antiviral action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S184406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276617PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Unusual case of Lemierre's syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Infectious diseases, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London, UK.

A young previously healthy patient presented with sepsis and cavitating pneumonia. was isolated from blood cultures and subsequent CT neck showed an internal jugular vein thrombosis. Treatment was with antibiotics, anticoagulation and supportive management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226948DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The influence of high-dose intraoperative remifentanil on postoperative sore throat: a prospective randomized study: A CONSORT compliant article.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13510

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.

Background: Endotracheal intubation for general anesthesia causes postoperative sore throat (POST). This study is designed to evaluate the effect of high-dose remifentanil on the incidence of POST in patients after general anesthesia.

Methods: Ninety-two patients scheduled for orthopedic lower extremity surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320118PMC
December 2018
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Pathogenesis of Hypervirulent Group A Streptococcus.

Jpn J Med (Lond) 2018 ;1(6):269-275

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59718, USA.

Group A (GAS) causes common pharyngitis and skin infections and occasional severe invasive infections. This review describes the recent progress on the pathogenesis of hypervirulent GAS. CovRS mutations are frequent among invasive GAS isolates and lead to hypervirulence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31488/jjm.1000127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294136PMC
January 2018
8 Reads