963,685 results match your criteria Pharmaceutical Biology [Journal]


A population-based cohort study to evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose CT in Hitachi city, Japan.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography for the general population, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of screening for participants among Hitachi residents.

Materials And Methods: Citizens aged 50-74 who underwent low-dose computed tomography screening at least once during 1998-2006 were defined as the computed tomography group, and those who underwent X-ray screening at least once during the same period, but did not receive low-dose computed tomography screening throughout the follow-up period, were defined as the XP group. We investigated the lung cancer incidence rate, mortality rate and all-cause mortality rate for both groups from the first lung cancer screening to the end of 2012. Read More

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December 2018

Transfer RNA demethylase ALKBH3 promotes cancer progression via induction of tRNA-derived small RNAs.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, 929 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

Transfer RNA is heavily modified and plays a central role in protein synthesis and cellular functions. Here we demonstrate that ALKBH3 is a 1-methyladenosine (m1A) and 3-methylcytidine (m3C) demethylase of tRNA. ALKBH3 can promote cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Read More

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December 2018

The role of glutamine metabolism for host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Radboud university medical center, Department of Internal Medicine and Radboud Center of Infectious Diseases, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: Rewiring cellular metabolism is important for activation of immune cells during host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Glutamine has been implicated as an immunomodulatory nutrient, but its role in response to M. tuberculosis is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Structural insights into nucleotide and protein sequence of Ageritin: a novel prototype of fungal ribotoxin.

J Biochem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies (DISTABIF), University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Via Vivaldi 43, Caserta, Italy.

Here, we report the amino acid sequence of Ageritin, the first ribotoxin-like protein from basidiomycetes (Agrocybe aegerita). This protein consists of 135 amino acid residues with a theoretical molecular mass of 14801.80 Da (experimental mass 14802. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Maximum Time Between Tests: A Digital Biomarker to Detect Therapy Compliance and Assess Schedule Quality in Measurement-Based eHealth Systems for Alcohol Use Disorder.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Aim: To evaluate, in a breathalyzer-based eHealth system, whether the time-based digital biomarker 'maximum time between tests' (MTBT) brings valuable information on alcohol consumption patterns as confirmed by correlation with blood phosphatidyl ethanol (PEth), serum carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT) and timeline follow-back data.

Method: Data on 54 patients in follow-up for treatment of alcohol use disorder were analysed.

Results: The model of weekly averages of 24-log transformed MTBT adequately described timeline follow-back data (P  <  0. Read More

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December 2018

Turning Pain into Gain: Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Chronic Pain Management Program in Primary Care.

Pain Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland 4222, Australia and Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland 4222, Australia.

Objective: To measure the impact of the multidisciplinary Turning Pain Into Gain program in people experiencing chronic pain of any etiology.

Methods: A mixed-methods observational study of 252 participants was used to explore the impact of Turning Pain Into Gain on medication use; quality of life and functioning, as measured by the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire; and self-reported hospitalizations between 2015 and 2016.

Results: Responses from 178 participants showed an increased alignment with Australian pain medication guidelines (e. Read More

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December 2018

CDK Phosphorylation of Translation Initiation Factors Couples Protein Translation with Cell-Cycle Transition.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):3204-3214.e5

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address:

Protein translation in eukaryotes is cell-cycle dependent, with translation rates more robust in G1 phase of the cell cycle than in mitosis. However, whether the fundamental cell-cycle control machinery directly activates protein translation during the G1/S cell-cycle transition remains unknown. Using the early divergent eukaryote Trypanosoma brucei as a model organism, we report that the G1 cyclin-dependent kinase CRK1 phosphorylates two translation initiation factors, eIF4E4 and PABP1, to promote the G1/S cell-cycle transition and global protein translation. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the influence from whole blood DNA extraction methods on Infinium 450K DNA methylation.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208699. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Genome-wide DNA methylation studies are becoming increasingly important in unraveling the epigenetic basis of cell biology, aging and human conditions. The aim of the present study was to explore whether different methods for extracting DNA from whole blood can affect DNA methylation outcome, potentially confounding DNA methylation studies. DNA was isolated from healthy blood donors (n = 10) using three different extraction methods (i. Read More

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December 2018

Penetration of new antidiabetic medications in East Asian countries and the United States: A cross-national comparative study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208796. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: The number of patients with diabetes is increasing particularly in Asia-Pacific region. Many of them are treated with antidiabetics. As the basis of the studies on the benefit and harm of antidiabetic drugs in the region, the information on patterns of market penetration of new classes of antidiabetic medications is important in providing context for subsequent research and analyzing and interpreting results. Read More

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December 2018

Mediterranean herb extracts inhibit microbial growth of representative oral microorganisms and biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207574. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

In light of the growing antibiotic resistance, the usage of plant-derived antimicrobial agents could serve as an effective alternative treatment against oral infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of Mediterranean herb extracts against representative oral microorganisms. The extraction procedures and the analysis of the obtained extracts were performed under established experimental conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Chasing red herrings: Can visual distracters extend the time children take to open child resistant vials?

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207738. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America.

Background: Unintentional exposure to medications is a noted problem in pediatric populations despite the prevalent use of child-resistant (CR) packaging and educational campaigns informing consumers about appropriate storage.

Objective: Conduct a proof-of concept study that evaluates how package designs that engage the attention of children in meaningless ways affect opening time and number of openings.

Study Design: Non-CR vials with or without distracters were provided to 108 children (24-51 months) in pairs. Read More

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December 2018

Antibiotic prescribing practices in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Shaanxi province, western China, 2013-2015.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207229. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Introduction: The irrational use of antibiotics is a major driver of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to explore how antibiotics were used in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Shaanxi Province, western China from 2013 to 2015.

Method: A retrospective study was conducted with a sample of 16 hospitals in Shaanxi Province (2 tertiary and 14 secondary hospitals; 8 public and 8 private hospitals) using a stratified random sampling method. Read More

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December 2018

A Novel Research Method for Determining Sedative Exposure in Critically Ill Patients.

Nurs Res 2019 Jan/Feb;68(1):73-79

Mary Fran Tracy, PhD, RN, APRN, CNS, FAAN, is Associate Professor, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, and Nurse Scientist, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis. Linda Chlan, PhD, RN, ATSF, FAAN, is Associate Dean for Nursing Research and Professor of Nursing, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, Minnesota. Kay Savik, MS, is Senior Statistician, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis. Debra J. Skaar, PharmD, FCCM, is Associate Professor of Experimental & Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, Minneapolis. Craig Weinert, MD, MPH, is Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine Division, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis.

Background: Although potent sedative and opioid drugs are some of the most commonly used medications to manage pain, anxiety, and discomfort in critically ill patients, conducting clinical trials where sedative and opioid medications are outcome variables within a longitudinal research design can be a methodological challenge.

Objectives: The purpose of this article is to provide in detail a conceptual discussion of the concept and analysis of sedative exposure: A novel research analysis method for aggregating sedative and opioid medication doses from disparate drug classes commonly administered to critically ill patients and used by our team in several clinical research studies.

Methods: Comparing the dose of each sedative and opioid administered to an individual patient (within a defined time interval) to all other patients in a research study receiving the same medications allows for ranking of dosages for each medication by quartiles. Read More

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December 2018
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LongShengZhi capsule reduces established atherosclerotic lesions in apoE deficient mice by ameliorating hepatic lipid metabolism and inhibiting inflammation.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

College of Biomedical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China.

Disorders of lipid metabolism and inflammation play an important role in atherosclerosis. LongShengZhi capsule (LSZ), a Chinese herbal medicine, has been used for treatment of patients with vascular diseases for many years. Herein, we determined the effect of LSZ on the progression of established atherosclerotic lesions in apoE deficient (apoE) mice. Read More

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December 2018

Substantial differences in serum concentrations of psychoactive drugs measured in samples stored for two days or more on standard serum tubes versus serum tubes containing gel separators.

Ther Drug Monit 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Psychopharmacology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Drugs may potentially adsorb to blood collection tubes containing gel separators in the pre-analytical phase of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). The aim of this study was to compare measured concentrations of 28 psychoactive drugs and 13 metabolites in spiked serum samples stored on standard (plain) tubes vs. barrier gel tubes during a 2-6 days period at room temperature. Read More

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December 2018

A scoping review of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Consensus Model outcomes: Part four of a four-part series on critical topics identified by the 2015 Nurse Practitioner Research Agenda.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec;30(12):710-723

School of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background And Purpose: The Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) Consensus Model was produced by the APRN Joint Dialogue Group in 2008. The aim of the Consensus Model is to guide state boards on the implementation of APRN practice components, including licensure, accreditation, certification, and education and to clarify the legal scope of practice and APRN roles. The purpose of this scoping review and gap analysis was to appraise the evidence related to patient, nurse practitioner (NP) and organizational outcomes resulting from the Consensus Model. Read More

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December 2018

Artemisinin and its derivatives: a potential treatment for leukemia.

Anticancer Drugs 2019 Jan;30(1):1-18

Department of Pathology.

Artemisinin (ART) and its derivatives are one of the most important classes of antimalarial agents, originally derived from a Chinese medicinal plant called Artemisia annua L. Beyond their outstanding antimalarial and antischistosomal activities, ART and its derivatives also possess both in-vitro and in-vivo activities against various types of cancer. Their anticancer effects range from initiation of apoptotic cell death to inhibition of cancer proliferation, metastasis and angiogenesis, and even modulation of the cell signal transduction pathway. Read More

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January 2019
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Complementary and integrative medicine in kidney transplantation.

Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) use is widely prevalent in kidney transplant recipients but studies of efficacy or potential harm are sparse. This review examines prevalence of use of CIM and discusses potential beneficial and harmful aspects of CIM in renal transplant recipients.

Recent Findings: The prevalence of CIM use in kidney transplant patients varies from 12 to 45%. Read More

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December 2018

Peroxisomes can oxidize medium- and long-chain fatty acids through a pathway involving ABCD3 and HSD17B4.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 12:fj201801498R. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Peroxisomes are essential organelles for the specialized oxidation of a wide variety of fatty acids, but they are also able to degrade fatty acids that are typically handled by mitochondria. Using a combination of pharmacological inhibition and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR associated protein 9 genome editing technology to simultaneously manipulate peroxisomal and mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) in HEK-293 cells, we identified essential players in the metabolic crosstalk between these organelles. Depletion of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT)2 activity through pharmacological inhibition or knockout (KO) uncovered a significant residual peroxisomal oxidation of lauric and palmitic acid, leading to the production of peroxisomal acylcarnitine intermediates. Read More

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December 2018

Housefly (Musca domestica) larvae powder, preventing oxidative stress injury via regulation of UCP4 and CyclinD1 and modulation of JNK and P38 signaling in APP/PS1 mice.

Food Funct 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Basic Courses, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Bioactive Substances, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China.

Housefly (Musca domestica) Larvae powder (HL) is rich in antioxidants. As oxidative stress is considered as one of the main pathogenesis in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), this study was designed to explore the protective effects of HL as an antioxidant on APP/PS1 mice. 2-Month-old APP/PS1 mice were divided into a model control (MC) group, a Donepezil group and a HL group, and C57BL/6 mice were used as the normal control (NC) group. Read More

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December 2018
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Dynamic split G-quadruplex programmed reversible nanodevice.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of pharmacy, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350004, Fujian Province, China.

We propose a dynamic nanodevice based on a split G-quadruplex (G4). By splitting it apart, we can successfully decouple the G-tetrad formation from external stimuli, greatly expanding the stimulus for G4 based devices. Taking advantage of the rigid force from a DNA duplex, the nanodevice can be switched reversibly through the conformational transformation. Read More

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December 2018

Induction of apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells by a PARP1-targeting PROTAC small molecule.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China.

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) is a major member of the PARP superfamily that is involved in DNA damage signalling and other important cellular processes. Here we report the development of a small molecule targeting PARP1 based on the PROTAC strategy. In the MDA-MB-231 cell line, the representative compound 3 can induce significant PARP1 cleavage and programmed cell death. Read More

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December 2018

Evolving and Expanding the Roles of Mitophagy as a Homeostatic and Pathogenic Process.

Physiol Rev 2019 Jan;99(1):853-892

Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego , La Jolla, California ; and Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

The central functions fulfilled by mitochondria as both energy generators essential for tissue homeostasis and gateways to programmed apoptotic and necrotic cell death mandate tight control over the quality and quantity of these ubiquitous endosymbiotic organelles. Mitophagy, the targeted engulfment and destruction of mitochondria by the cellular autophagy apparatus, has conventionally been considered as the mechanism primarily responsible for mitochondrial quality control. However, our understanding of how, why, and under what specific conditions mitophagy is activated has grown tremendously over the past decade. Read More

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January 2019

An update on the clinical consequences of polypharmacy in older adults: a narrative review.

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2018 Dec 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology , Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden.

Introduction: Polypharmacy, the use of multiple medications by one individual, is increasingly common among older adults. Caring for the growing number of older people with complex drug regimens and multimorbidity presents an important challenge in the coming years. Areas covered: This article reviews the international trends in the prevalence of polypharmacy, summarizes the results from previous reviews on polypharmacy and negative health outcomes, and updates a previous review on the clinical consequences of polypharmacy by focusing on studies published after 2013. Read More

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December 2018

Trichothecrotocins A-C, Antiphytopathogenic Agents from Potato Endophytic Fungus Trichothecium crotocinigenum.

Org Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , South-Central University for Nationalities , Wuhan 430074 , China.

Two trichothecene sesquiterpenoids, trichothecrotocins A (1) and B (2), and a merosesquiterpenoid racemate, (±)-trichothecrotocin C (3), were obtained from potato endophytic fungus Trichothecium crotocinigenum by bioguided isolation. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, electronic circular dichroism calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 are trichothecenes possessing new ring systems. Read More

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December 2018

Total Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Sericetin for Protection against Cisplatin-Induced Acute Kidney Injury.

J Nat Prod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology (RIPST) , Ajou University , Suwon 16499 , Republic of Korea.

A concise synthesis of sericetin (1) was performed in four steps from readily available 3- O-benzylgalangin (4), featuring electrocyclization to produce the tricyclic core and a sequential aromatic Claisen/Cope rearrangement to incorporate the 8-prenyl group of 1. In addition, the therapeutic potential of sericetin (1), isosericetin (2), and three prenylated tetracyclic synthetic intermediates (11, 12, and 14) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity using renal tubular cells were evaluated. Compound 14 showed therapeutic potential against cisplatin-induced kidney damage. Read More

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December 2018

Science, Technology and Pharmaceutical Policy on the agenda: contributions from the society to the 16th National Conference on Health.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4259-4268

Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fiocruz. Rio de janeiro RJ Brasil.

The Plenary of the National Health Council (CNS) approved the Resolution 568/2017, convening the 16th National Health Conference to be held in 2019 and decided to promote thematic activities in eight areas, including Pharmaceutical Policy and Science and Technology. CNS partnership with FIOCRUZ and the National School of Pharmacists proposed the 8th National Symposium on Science and Technology and Pharmaceutical Policy, preceded by ten regional preparatory meetings for the symposium throughout the country. The purpose of this article is to present and analyze the results of the first stage of meetings. Read More

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December 2018

Asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of cycloalkyl vinyl ketones to allylic alcohols catalyzed by ruthenium amido complexes.

Org Biomol Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Yichang Humanwell Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Yichang 443005, China.

A chemoselective 1,2-reduction of cycloalkyl vinyl ketones via asymmetric transfer hydrogenation is described. The reduction proceeded smoothly with a chiral diamine ruthenium complex as a catalyst and a HCOOH-NEt3 azeotrope as both a hydrogen source and solvent under mild conditions. A wide range of 1-cycloalkyl chiral allylic alcohols were obtained in good yields and up to 87% ee. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Features of Primary Familial Brain Calcification in 17 Families.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2997-3000

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China.

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December 2018
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Increased levels of miR-3099 induced by peripheral nerve injury promote Schwann cell proliferation and migration.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):525-531

Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration of Jiangsu and Ministry of Education, Co-innovation Center of Neuroregeneration, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the modulation of the phenotype of Schwann cells. Numerous novel miRNAs have been discovered and identified in rat sciatic nerve segments, including miR-3099. In the current study, miR-3099 expression levels following peripheral nerve injury were measured in the proximal stumps of rat sciatic nerves after surgical crush. Read More

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Ethanol exposed maturing rat cerebellar granule cells show impaired energy metabolism and increased cell death after oxygen-glucose deprivation.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):485-490

Division of Physiology and Neuroscience, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

Alcohol, a widely abused drug, has deleterious effects on the immature nervous system. This study investigates the effect of chronic in vitro ethanol exposure on the metabolism of immature rat cerebellar granular cells (CGCs) and on their response to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). Primary CGC cultures were exposed to ethanol (100 mM in culture medium) or to control ethanol-free medium starting day one in vitro (DIV1). Read More

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Essential oils and functional herbs for healthy aging.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):441-445

School of Pharmacy and Applied Science, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Australia.

As total life expectancy increases, the prevalence of age-related diseases such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease is also increasing. Many hypotheses about Alzheimer's disease have been developed, including cholinergic neuron damage, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Acetylcholine is a major neurotransmitter in the brain and cholinergic deficits leads to cognitive dysfunction and decline. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Multitarget therapeutic strategies for Alzheimer's disease.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):437-440

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; Department of Chemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases have multifaceted nature because of the different factors contributing to their progression. The complex nature of neurodegenerative diseases has developed a pressing need to design multitarget-directed ligands to address the complementary pathways involved in these diseases. The major enzyme targets for development of therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease are cholinesterase and β-secretase enzymes. Read More

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Basics on the use of acid-sensing ion channels' inhibitors as therapeutics.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):395-398

North Texas Eye Research Institute, Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

Since the discovery of acid-sensing ion channels in 1997, their importance in the health of neurons and other non-neuronal cells has gained significant importance. Acid-sensing ion channels play important roles in mediating pain sensation during diseases such as stroke, inflammation, arthritis, cancer, and recently migraine. More interestingly, acid-sensing ion channels may explain the sex differences in pain between males and females. Read More

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March 2019
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Neuroinflammation as a target for glaucoma therapy.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):391-394

Visual Neurophysiology and Neurophthalmology Research Unit, IRCCS G.B. Bietti Foundation, Roma, Italy.

The pathogenesis of glaucoma is still not fully clarified but a growing body of evidence suggests that neuroinflammation and immune response are part of the sequence of pathological events leading to the optic neuropathy. Indeed, inflammation - involving the activation and proliferation of resident glial cells (astrocytes, Muller cells and microglia) and the release of a plethora of anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and reactive oxygen species - has been reported as common features in clinical and experimental glaucoma. In the insulted retina, as for other neuronal tissues, pathogenic and reparative aspects coexist in the inflammatory process, with extent and persistency affecting the final outcome. Read More

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The role of Epstein-Barr virus in multiple sclerosis: from molecular pathophysiology to imaging.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):373-386

Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center, Department of Neurology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences; Center for Biomedical Imaging at Clinical Translational Science Institute, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by inflammation, demyelination, and neuronal damage. Environmental and genetic factors are associated with the risk of developing MS, but the exact cause still remains unidentified. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), vitamin D, and smoking are among the most well-established environmental risk factors in MS. Read More

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Eps8, a therapeutic potential target for cancer.

Hum Pathol 2018 Dec 3;82:300-301. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, 230031, Hefei, Anhui Province, China.

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December 2018

Peripheral oxytocin and vasopressin modulates regional brain activity differently in men and women with schizophrenia.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 6;202:173-179. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China; Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States of America; Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, United States of America.

Background: Oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) exert sexually dimorphic effects on cognition and emotion processing. Abnormalities in these hormones are observed in schizophrenia and may contribute to multiple established sex differences associated with the disorder. Here we examined sex-dependent hormone associations with resting brain activity and their clinical associations in schizophrenia patients. Read More

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December 2018

Isosteviol Sodium Protects Neural Cells Against Hypoxia-Induced Apoptosis Through Inhibiting MAPK and NF-κB Pathways.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Jan 24;28(1):175-184. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Institute of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Stevioside, isolated from the herb Stevia rebaudiana, has been widely used as a food sweetener all over the world. Isosteviol Sodium (STV-Na), an injectable formulation of isosteviol sodium salt, has been proved to possess much greater solubility and bioavailability and exhibit protective effects against cerebral ischemia injury in vivo by inhibiting neuron apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanisms of the neuroprotective effects STV-Na are still not completely known. Read More

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January 2019

Comparison of In-Hospital Bleeding and Cardiovascular Events with High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban and Shortened Infusion to Short-Duration Eptifibatide as Adjunctive Therapy for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 26;123(1):44-49. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Pharmacy Services, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Potent platelet inhibition is one of the most important medical interventions to prevent ischemic complications during and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Practice has evolved with the introduction of potent oral P2Y inhibitors that provide quick, effective platelet inhibition, and the need for routine glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) has decreased. Additionally, a shorter duration of GPI infusion has been shown to be safe with adequate oral antiplatelet loading, but clinical outcome data are limited to eptifibatide. Read More

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January 2019
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Relationship between amikacin blood concentration and ototoxicity in low birth weight infants.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Jan 24;25(1):17-21. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Pharmacy, Yamanashi Prefectural Central Hospital, Yamanashi, 400-8506, Japan.

Amikacin (AMK) is used as empiric therapy for severe infections such as sepsis in low birth weight (LBW) infants. AMK administered once daily (OD) in adults is reported to be therapeutically effective and prevent side effects, however, evidence on AMK administration in LBW infants is limited, with no clear indications of effectiveness. We performed therapeutic drug monitoring analysis of 20 infants treated with AMK OD for severe infections such as bacteremia. Read More

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January 2019

Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium versus Salmeterol/Fluticasone in Patients with COPD-A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in the Czech Republic.

Value Health Reg Issues 2018 Sep 27;16:112-118. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Novartis s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents an illness with significant healthcare and societal impacts. Fixed combinations of long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids have been used for COPD treatment as the standard of care for many years. A daily dose of indacaterol and glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) at 110/50 µg has recently been gaining attention due to its improved efficacy and tolerability versus the standard of care. Read More

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September 2018

Montelukast Sodium Formulation containing Green Tea Extract to Reduce the Oxidative Stress in Guinea Pig model of Chronic Allergic Asthma.

Recent Pat Drug Deliv Formul 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pharmaceutics, ITS College of Pharmacy, NH-34, Ghaziabad-201206. India.

Aim And Background: The rationale of this study is that, treatment of asthmatic Guinea pig with combined administration of Montelukast sodium and green tea extract (GTE) as a single capsule will mitigate the inflammatory injury in the airways and weaken the asthmatic response. Recent patents for the treatment of asthma researched a polyphenolic alternatives for antiasthmatic combination therapy, especially for those patients who remains unresponsive or poorly responsive for current asthma therapy (US7232585B2). Synergistic activity of green tea polyphenols and therapeutic, prophylatic agents are also reported in some recent patents (US20120172423A1, US20150320696A1). Read More

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December 2018

Cystathionine β-synthase induces multidrug resistance and metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Curr Mol Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

College of Pharmacy, Joint International Research Laboratory of Food & Medicine,Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan Province. China.

Objective: This study aims to analyze whether Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) plays roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) drug resistance.

Methods: MTS assay was used to detect the effect of chemotherapeutic drugs doxorubicin (DOX) and sunitinib on HCC cell viability and cell growth. Intracellular doxorubicin accumulation assay was performed to evaluate the sensitivity of DOX and sunitinib in HCC cells and the function of multidrug resistance-associated protein P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Read More

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December 2018

Potential Applications of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Cardiovascular Diseases.

Curr Drug Targets 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China; and Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081. China.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one killer of human beings which has long become the disease with the highest incidence and disability rate in modern society. Currently induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), with the potential to form fresh myocardium and better safety than other stem cells, are widely used in the CVD therapy studies. Moreover, iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs), as a novel disease model, appear to play an important role in new drug screening, drug safety assessment, and pathological mechanisms of disease. Read More

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December 2018

Suppressive Effects of the Standardized Extract of Phyllanthus amarus on Type II collagen-induced Rheumatoid Arthritis in Sprague Dawley Rats.

Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Medicine,University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491. Saudi Arabia.

Background: Standardized extract of Phyllanthus amarus has been shown to possess inhibitory effects on cellular and humoral immune responses in Wistar-Kyoto rats and Balb/c mice.

Objective: In the present study, the standardized extract of P. amarus was investigated for its suppressive effects on type II collagen-induced rheumatoid arthritis (TCIA) in Sprague Dawley rats. Read More

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December 2018

Design and synthesis of some β-carboline derivatives as multi-target anticancer agents.

Future Med Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21521, Egypt.

Aim: Some anticancer β-carbolines exhibited dual inhibition of topo-I and KSP.

Methodology/results: Novel β-carbolines were synthesized and screened for their anticancer activity according to the NCI protocol. Five dose assays results indicated that compounds 9, 10, 12, 17 and 20 were potent and non selective anticancer agents; the sulfanyltriazole 12 was the most potent. Read More

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December 2018

Fecal microbiota analysis of polycystic kidney disease patients according to renal function: A pilot study.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2018 Dec 12:1535370218818175. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2 Department of Internal Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Impact Statement: The heterogeneity of the renal disease, therapeutic interventions, and the original cause of the renal failure, all directly affect the microbiota. We delineate in this report the direct effect of decreased renal function on the bacterial composition following stringent criteria to eliminate the possibilities of other confounding factors and dissect the direct effects of the uremic milieu. We analyzed the microbiome following three different approaches to further evaluate the effects of mild, moderate and advanced renal insufficiency on the microbiome. Read More

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December 2018

Voltammetric analysis of dantrolene and its active metabolite with indomethacin in rat plasma.

Bioanalysis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, El-Messalah, Alexandria 21521, Egypt.

Aim: Differential pulse polarography was used for the concurrent analysis of the coadministered dantrolene (DAN) and indomethacin (IND) in plasma.

Materials & Methods: DAN and IND, Hanging mercury drop electrode and Britton-Robinson buffer at pH 5 were used. In plasma, cathodic reduction of DAN nitro group and its active metabolite at -0. Read More

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December 2018
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