102,831 results match your criteria Perspectives in Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy [Journal]
Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 10;35:139-145. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Perth Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Objectives: To investigate views and practices of Australian therapists on rehabilitation and return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).
Design: Survey-based study.
Setting: Online survey platform. Read More
Risk Anal 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
There are critical and preventable inequalities in disaster impacts and postdisaster recovery. To formulate solutions for minimizing or preventing these unequal impacts, there is a great need for interdisciplinary methodologies that use social factors to set project scopes and drive engineering analyses and designs. At present time, however, limited guidance exists on how to develop and execute interdisciplinary methodologies, especially related to the study of community disaster resilience. Read More
PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208759. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
School of Allied Health, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland.
Objective: Despite evidence supporting physical activity in primary and secondary prevention, many individuals do not meet recommended levels. Mobile health is a field with a growing evidence base and is proposed as a convenient method for delivering health interventions. Despite qualitative exploration of stakeholder perspectives, there is a lack of synthesis to inform evidence-based design. Read More
PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0209433. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Social Sciences Applied to Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Sport Sciences Faculty, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
The aims of this study were: i) to examine if Dual Career (DC) pathways are independent of gender, ii) to evaluate whether those athletes who followed a DC experienced less difficulty in their integration into the labor force than the athletes devoted entirely to sport regardless of gender, as well as iii) to analyze whether the type of career path chosen was related with the current labor status, and if differences exist between men and women athletes. A quantitative, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was used based on an ad hoc questionnaire. Two-hundred and twenty-eight retired Olympic athletes completed a questionnaire. Read More
Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 2019 Jan;23(1):79-112
Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.
Mathematical modeling and computer simulations are important means to understand the mechanisms of psychotherapy. The challenge is to design models which not only predict outcome, but simulate the nonlinear trajectories of change. Another challenge is to validate them with empirical data. Read More
Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 2019 Jan;23(1):1-15
Chapman University, Orange CA.
This introduction to a special issue of Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences discusses the contributing articles within the issue from a variety of perspectives. This analysis examines each article's contribution to understanding the self, and to exploring the application of innovative nonlinear methods to clinical questions. Moving beyond the special issue, the analysis examines the role of nonlinear science in clinical psychology from the perspective of Aristotle's four types of cause: material, efficient, formal and teleological. Read More
J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Dec 17:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
e Rick Hansen Institute , Vancouver , Canada.
Context: Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) experience significant challenges when they access primary care and community services.
Design: A provincial summit was held to direct research, education, and innovation for primary and community care for SCI.
Setting: Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Read More
J Behav Addict 2018 Dec 17:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
2 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University , Budapest, Hungary.
We live in exciting times for the scientific study of work addiction, given its increased relevance and the diverse perspectives one might take to approach this phenomenon. Simultaneously, this field does not appear to be unified as a result of several misleading myths, which are addressed by the debate paper of Griffiths et al. (2018). Read More
Psychol Assess 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Psychology, University of Otago.
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991, 2003) is widely used in clinical and forensic practice. Its latent factor structure has been subject to debate and controversy for almost 40 years. Various principal component and factor models have been proposed. Read More
Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, P. R. China.
Surface and interface designs are an efficient strategy to fabricate innovative and advanced catalysts. A prerequisite for this is a fundamental understanding of the structure-performance relations of catalyst nanoparticles, which, however, remains a formidable challenge due to the complexity of heterogeneous catalysis. Recent progresses in catalytic nanocrystals with uniform and well-defined structures, in situ characterization techniques, and theoretical calculations have offered opportunities for the fundamental studies of heterogeneous catalysis, and the achieved outputs are turning the innovation of efficient catalysts via surface and interface designs into a reality. Read More
Qual Health Res 2018 Dec 17:1049732318816676. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
2 Tulsa Community College, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview data from 15 first-generation Mexican immigrant women who resided in two rural Midwestern communities. Ten themes were identified and aligned with four thematic areas of interest ( meaning of being healthy, strategies to promote health, challenges to health, and supports for health). This study provides insights into the complexities and realities faced by Mexican immigrant women, as they strove to obtain optimal health in rural America, and contributes to the growing literature focused on health disparities among ethnic and racial minorities. Read More
J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1043454218818062. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
1 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
Childhood cancer-related fatigue is often viewed as an inevitable symptom of cancer and cancer treatment leading to underassessment by health care providers and self-management by families in the home and hospital environment. Parents' perspectives of the influence of childhood cancer-related fatigue on their child's day-to-day life is needed to understand how parents may or may not prioritize, report, and/or manage the fatigue symptom. This qualitative study used conventional content analysis to describe parents' observations and perspectives on the influence of fatigue in their child's day-to-day quality of life (QOL). Read More
J Transcult Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1043659618817583. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
3 Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association of New England, Boston, MA, USA.
Introduction: Tobacco use is a preventable cause of death among ethnic minorities. Chinese Americans have high smoking rates and underutilize evidence-based cessation therapies. Community members' perspectives on tobacco use and cessation may help bridge treatment gaps and ensure that cessation approaches are aligned with cultural values. Read More
Adv Healthc Mater 2018 Dec 17:e1801236. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Experimental Therapeutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242, USA.
Tissue engineering potentially offers new treatments for disorders of the temporomandibular joint which frequently afflict patients. Damage or disease in this area adversely affects masticatory function and speaking, reducing patients' quality of life. Effective treatment options for patients suffering from severe temporomandibular joint disorders are in high demand because surgical options are restricted to removal of damaged tissue or complete replacement of the joint with prosthetics. Read More
Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.
Aim: In Japan, home pharmaceutical care (HPC) has recently been provided to home-bound older adults who have difficulties in accessing a community pharmacy, for regular medicine supplies and medication management. Although the number of HPC services provided has increased, HPC is not always carried out by clinically well-trained pharmacists, causing differences in the quality of HPC provided. The aim of the present study was to establish the quality dimensions of HPC (i. Read More
New Phytol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
State Key Laboratory for Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences at College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, People's Republic of China.
Unlike in animals, sperm in flowering plants are immotile and they are embraced as passive cargoes by a pollen tube which embarks on a long journey in the pistil to deliver them to the female gametophyte for fertilization. How the pollen tube switches from a rapid polarized growth towards its target to an abrupt disintegration for sperm cell release inside the female gametophyte has been puzzling. Recent studies showed that members of the Catharanthus roseus RLK1-like (CrRLK1L) receptor kinase family and their ligands, 5-kDa cysteine-rich peptides rapid alkalinization factors (RALFs), engage in an intricate balancing act involving autocrine and paracrine signaling to maintain pollen tube growth and induce timely tube rupture at the spatially confined pollen tube-female gametophyte interface. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, China.
Emission of greenhouse gas is a global environmental problem. In recent years, China has been facing growing international pressure because of its large energy consumption and elevated greenhouse gas emissions. As the capital of China, Beijing is central to the study of carbon emission reduction since its carbon emissions have ranked at the forefront nationwide. Read More
PLoS Curr 2018 Oct 29;10. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Institute of Scientific and Technological Communication and Information in Health (ICICT), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Introduction: The objective of this study was to understand and assess the perception of communities, organized civil society, health professionals, and decision-makers of several governmental institutions, regarding vulnerabilities and health impacts in drought prone municipalities of Brazil.
Methods: This study was carried out through a qualitative investigation in eight municipalities in the Brazilian Semiarid region. Data collection was done through semi-structure and structure interviews, and discussion with local actors, which included communities groups, health professionals, governmental managers and organized civil society. Read More
Int J Ment Health Syst 2018 7;12:75. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
7OHSU-PSU School of Public Health, Portland, OR USA.
Introduction: Access to mental health (MH) services is unequal worldwide and changes are required in this respect.
Objectives: Our aim was to identify the delay to the first psychiatry consult and to understand patients' characteristics and perspectives on the factors that may influence the delay, among a sample of participants from three Southeastern European Countries.
Materials And Methods: The WHO Pathway Encounter Form questionnaire was applied in 400 patients "new cases" and a questionnaire on the factors influencing the access was administered to the same patients, as well as to their caretakers and MH providers. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 29;9:2822. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
The complement system is an efficient anti-microbial effector mechanism. On the other hand abnormal complement activation is involved in the pathogenesis of multiple inflammatory and hemolytic diseases. As general inhibition of the complement system may jeopardize patient health due to increased susceptibility to infections, the development of pathway-specific complement therapeutics has been a long-lasting goal over the last decades. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 29;9:2352. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
CIBERSAM, Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.
The study of entrepreneurial activity has undergone intense development in recent decades. Traditionally this topic has been addressed from three approaches: economic, sociological and psychological. In the study of enterprising personality, two fundamental perspectives stand out: the use of general personality traits, like the Big Five, and the use of more specific traits related to entrepreneurial spirit, such as self-efficacy, autonomy, innovation, optimism, and others. Read More
Front Psychiatry 2018 29;9:634. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
Extending beyond the motor domain, the cerebellum is involved in various aspects of cognition and affect. Multidisciplinary evidence has demonstrated topographic organization of higher-order cognitive functions within the cerebellum. We here review recent neuroimaging research that indicates cerebellar contributions to major depressive disorder (MDD). Read More
Front Neurosci 2018 30;12:868. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
School of Biology and Basic Medical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
ABPPk, the active ingredient separated from polypeptides, is a traditional Chinese medicine with multiple pharmaceutical properties. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of ABPPk in protecting Schwann cells (SCs) from HO-induced cell apoptosis. The viability of SCs pretreated with ABPPk was elevated significantly by MTT assay estimation. Read More
Gend Hist 2018 Mar 13;30(1):70-92. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
Alcohol Treat Q 2018 25;36(3):330-353. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
Department of Criminology, Law, and Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago.
This qualitative interview study examined 45 informal support dyads where a sexual assault was disclosed. Data from matched pairs of survivors and their primary informal support provider (e.g. Read More
Alzheimers Dement 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pharmacology & Neuroscience, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA. Electronic address:
Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRDs) are a global crisis facing the aging population and society as a whole. With the numbers of people with ADRDs predicted to rise dramatically across the world, the scientific community can no longer neglect the need for research focusing on ADRDs among underrepresented ethnoracial diverse groups. The Alzheimer's Association International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment (ISTAART; alz. Read More
Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Center for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan; UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Introduction: Patient-physician communication about colorectal cancer screening can affect screening use, but discussions often lack information that patients need for informed decision making and seldom address personal preferences or barriers. To address this gap, a series of patient focus groups was conducted to guide the development of an online, interactive decision support program. This article presents findings on patient information needs and barriers to colorectal cancer screening after receiving a screening recommendation from a physician, and their perspectives on using electronic patient portals as platforms for health-related decision support. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 31;116:141-146. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center, College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, OSU Eye and Ear Institute, 915 Olentangy River Road, Columbus, OH, 43212, USA; Nationwide Children's Hospital- Pediatric Otology & Hearing Program, 700 Children's Drive, Suite 2A, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.
Introduction: Family-centered healthcare demands that families provide input regarding the care of their children. Very little is known, however, about how families perceive their experience in different types of multidisciplinary team models, and specifically, in the multidisciplinary setting currently utilized in many pediatric hearing clinics.
Methods: Quantitative and qualitative parent survey responses were collected and analyzed in a tertiary care pediatric medical center after a one-day multidisciplinary assessment clinical appointment. Read More
Palliat Med 2018 Dec 17:269216318816275. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
3 Action Sahara pour la Santé, l'Innovation, le Développement et l'Education, Nouakchott, Mauritania.
Background:: Palliative care has been successfully integrated into many Muslim-majority countries, most frequently in urbanised areas with developed health care systems. Less is known as to how the concept of palliative care is perceived by Muslim populations and health workers in rural, resource-limited contexts.
Aim:: This study seeks to explore whether the principles of palliative care are congruent with the perspectives of health professionals, families and communities in rural areas of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, in West Africa. Read More
Ther Innov Regul Sci 2018 Dec 17:2168479018812775. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NITTE Deemed to be University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
Pharmacovigilance (PV) is an integral part of the drug regulation system. PV plays an indispensable role in the identification, assessment, and publicizing of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) through various methods. ADRs account for serious harm to the patients and even lead to morbidity and mortality. Read More
Psychol Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, LN6 7TS, UK.
Research has indicated that Caucasian women gaze more often at waist-hip and chest regions than other local body areas when assessing female body attractiveness and body size, and this stereotypical gaze distribution is further modulated by their own body satisfaction and body composition. However, little is known whether the model race and viewing perspective could affect women's body-viewing gaze behaviour and body perception. Here, we presented female body images of Caucasian, Asian and African avatars in a continuum of common dress sizes in full frontal, mid-profile and rear view, and asked young Caucasian women to rate the perceived body attractiveness and body size. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Cancer Control Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Purpose: To gain breast cancer survivors' perspectives on participation in a home-based physical activity intervention and the factors that contributed to their acceptance and adherence to physical activity.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six women who had participated in a 12-week, home-based physical activity intervention using Polar A360® activity trackers. Additionally, 22 participants from the physical activity interventions provided scaled responses to barriers of physical activity on weeks 3, 6, 9, and 12. Read More
Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):76-85
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
Ice cream is a widely enjoyed food that is especially popular during summer. To ensure it is safe and ready-to-eat for consumers, legislation imposes a series of obligations for food business operators, and for competent authorities that have to carry out official controls, including official sampling. This article reviews the general and specific requirements applicable to the premises where ice cream is produced, concerning aspects related to health notification obligations and to implementing and maintaining procedures based on the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system. Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 13;88:337-347. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
School of Law, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia; Faculty of Law, QUT, Australia; Childhood Adversity Research Program, Faculty of Health, QUT, Australia; Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Child sexual abuse is undisclosed for many reasons that are resistant to change. Citizens can play an important role in disclosing cases of child sexual abuse to authorities. Professionals who deal with children also play a crucial role. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 4;219:617-635. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, PR China; Hubei Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment, Disposal and Recycling, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, PR China. Electronic address:
Porphyrin-based chemistry has reached an unprecedented period of rapid development after decades of study. Due to attractive multifunctional properties, porphyrins and their analogues have emerged as multifunctional organometals for environmental and energy purposes. In particular, pioneer works have been conducted to explore their application in pollution abatement, energy conversion and storage and molecule recognition. Read More
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Physical Therapy, High Point University, High Point, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:
Objective: To investigate the clinical- and cost-effectiveness at 2-year follow-up of providing individual, supervised exercise physiotherapy and/or manual physiotherapy in addition to usual medical care.
Method: People with hip or knee osteoarthritis meeting the American College of Rheumatology clinical diagnostic criteria were randomised (1:1, concealed, assessor-blinded) to 4 groups: usual medical care; supervised exercise physiotherapy; manual physiotherapy; or combined exercise and manual physiotherapy. Physiotherapy group participants were provided 10 50-minute treatment sessions including booster sessions at 4 and 13 months, in addition to usual care. Read More
Clin Chim Acta 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zhangjiagang First People's Hospital, Zhangjiagang 215600, Jiangsu, PR China. Electronic address:
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecologic malignancies and has a poor prognosis. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as key regulators of cancer development. Studies have shown that the dysregulation of lncRNAs is frequently observed in ovarian cancer and greatly contributes to malignant phenotypical changes. Read More
Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Dec 5;34:167-172. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Hellen hall, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03760, South Korea. Electronic address:
New nursing graduates often experience difficulty adjusting to clinical work environments, despite completing well-structured education programs. This study explored the educational needs of recent nursing graduates from the perspectives of new nurses and their clinical educators in Korea. Four focus-group interviews with 7 nurse educators and 8 new nurses were conducted. Read More
Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.
Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.
Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More
Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 28;29:71-75. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Icelandic Vision Laboratory, School of Humanitites and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri. Hafnarstræti 97, Akureyri IS600, Iceland.
Humans possess a primitive memory system for attention deployments that allows quick reorientation of visual attention to stimuli that are relevant to behavior at any given moment. We review recent evidence regarding such attentional priming effects from a number of different perspectives. We discuss recent findings on the time course and duration of such effects, the potential interaction of priming and top-down attentional guidance; how priming can be used to probe the nature of visual representations and attentional templates; findings on the basic nature of priming effects and recent relevant findings on so-called serial dependencies that share many characteristics with attentional priming. Read More
Prev Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among general and pregnant populations. Despite recommendations to abstain from cannabis use, its use is increasing during the perinatal period. In this integrative review, we aim to understand women's perspectives about the health aspects of perinatal cannabis use. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Public Health, Section for Clinical Social Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Aims And Objectives: To explore patients' experiences and perspectives of their challenges and needs regarding their return to everyday life after allogeneic non-myeloablative haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NMA-HSCT).
Background: NMA-HSCT can cure patients with malignant blood diseases, but during the following years the majority of patients suffer from serious side effects and complications. Hence, it is a major challenge for patients treated with NMA-HSCT to rehabilitate, maintain physical and psychosocial functioning and return to a life in restored balance. Read More
Internist (Berl) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Medizinische Klinik V, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120, Heidelberg, Deutschland.
Within the last two decades the therapeutic options for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma have changed dramatically. The implementation of high-dose chemotherapy with melphalan and subsequent autologous blood stem cell transplantation initially led to prolonged survival in younger, fit patients. Furthermore, recent data suggest that patients with high-risk disease seem to benefit most from tandem transplantation approaches. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024068. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Objective: Home healthcare is the fastest growing arena in the healthcare system but patient safety research in this context is limited. The aim was to explore how patient safety in Swedish specialised home healthcare is described and adressed from multidisciplinary teams' and clinical managers' perspectives.
Design: An explorative qualitative study. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022775. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de enfermedades hepáticas y digestivas (CIBERehd), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain.
Introduction: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a major disorder following stroke. OD can produce alterations in both the efficacy and safety of deglutition and may result in malnutrition, dehydration, frailty, respiratory infections and pneumonia. These complications can be avoided by early detection and treatment of OD in poststroke patients, and hospital stays, medication and mortality rates can be reduced. Read More
Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Microbiology and Cell Science Department, Genetics Institute, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
In , PrbP is an important transcriptional accessory protein that regulates gene expression through interactions with the RNA polymerase β-subunit and a specific sequence on the promoter region. The constitutive expression of observed upon chemical inactivation of PrbP/DNA interactions indicated that the expression of was not auto-regulated at the level of transcription. This observation suggested that a modulatory mechanism via protein-protein interactions maybe involved. Read More
Oncologist 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Background: This study explores the incidence of patient-reported major toxicity-symptoms rated "moderate," "severe," or "very severe"-for chemotherapy regimens commonly used in early breast cancer.
Patients And Methods: Female patients aged 21 years or older completed a validated Patient-Reported Symptom Monitoring instrument and rated 17 symptoms throughout adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Fisher's exact tests compared differences in percentages in symptom ratings, and general linear regression was used to model the incidence of patient-reported major toxicity. Read More
JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 14;5(4):e10240. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Adult Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Sorbonne Université, Saint-Antoine Hospital, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
Background: Recent discoveries in the fields of machine learning (ML), Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), computerized adaptive testing (CAT), digital phenotype, imaging, and biomarkers have brought about a new paradigm shift in medicine.
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore psychiatrists' perspectives on this paradigm through the prism of new clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). Our primary objective was to assess the acceptability of these new technologies. Read More
Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Oct 4;29:71-77. Epub 2018 Jul 4.
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.
Whether assemblages of insect species locally coexist or are only being slowly lost from communities remains an enduring question. Addressing this question is especially critical in the wake of global change, which is expected to reshuffle biological communities and create novel interspecific interactions. In reviewing studies of putative insect species coexistence, we find that few have demonstrated necessary criteria to conclude that species coexist. Read More
Bioengineering (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;5(4). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan.
As expressed "God made the bulk; the surface was invented by the devil" by W. Pauli, the surface has remarkable properties because broken symmetry in surface alters the material properties. In biological systems, the smallest functional and structural unit, which has a functional bulk space enclosed by a thin interface, is a cell. Read More