35,583 results match your criteria Personalized Medicine [Journal]
Acta Biomater 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Centre for Biomaterials in Surgical Reconstruction and Regeneration, Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, NW3 2PF, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Increasing evidence suggests the contribution of the dynamic mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) to regulate tissue remodeling and regeneration. Following our recent study on a family of thermoresponsive 'stiffness memory' elastomeric nanohybrid scaffolds manufactured via an indirect 3D printing guided thermo-induced phase separation process (3D-TIPS), this work reports in vitro and in vivo cellular responses towards these scaffolds with different initial stiffness and hierarchical interconnected porous structure. The viability of mouse embryonic dermal fibroblasts in vitro and the tissue responses during the stiffness softening of the scaffolds subcutaneously implanted in rats for three months were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and histology. Read More
Microsurgery 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of the supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF) for the reconstruction of laryngopharyngectomy defects in comparison with reconstructions with the anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) and the radial forearm flap (RFF).
Patients And Methods: A retrospective study was performed. We compared indications for surgery, reconstructive techniques, operative time, time of hospitalization, and complication rates between patients treated with SCAIF, RFF and ALT following laryngopharyngectomy. Read More
J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
High-dose methotrexate (>0.5 g/m ) is among the first-line chemotherapeutic agents used in treating acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and osteosarcoma in children. Despite rapid hydration, leucovorin rescue, and routine therapeutic drug monitoring, severe toxicity is not uncommon. Read More
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018 Dec;22(23):8227-8236
Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari, Italy.
Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in terms of survival in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who had undergone surgery preceded by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). Moreover, the existence of correlation between Overall Survival (OS) and Disease Free Survival (DFS) with pathological staging ((y)pTNM and TRG) was evaluated.
Patients And Methods: A total of 58 patients with biopsy-proven of LARC were included. Read More
ACS Omega 2018 Nov 20;3(11):15809-15820. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Material Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry and Genome Biology Lab, Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India.
Nanocomposite hydrogels have found a wide scope in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and smart drug delivery applications. The present study reports the formulations of biocompatible nanocomposite hydrogel films using carboxymethyl cellulose-hydroxyethyl cellulose-acrylonitrile-linseed oil polyol (CHAP) plain hydrogel and Na-montmorillonite (NaMMT) dispersed CHAP nanocomposite hydrogel films (NaCHAP) using solution blending technique. The structural, morphological, and mechanical properties of resultant nanocomposite hydrogel films were further investigated to analyze the effects of polyol and NaMMT on the characteristic properties. Read More
Front Nutr 2018 29;5:117. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Nutritional Immunology and Molecular Medicine Laboratory, Biocomplexity Institute of Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, United States.
Avicenna J Med Biotechnol 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):214-219
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Background: Previous studies have suggested a protective role for Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) against cancer, cardiovascular, and other diseases. To provide new insights into the effects of PUFA on gene expression, the effects of dietary PUFA on and gene expression and global DNA methylation were investigated in selected rat tissues.
Methods: Thirty sprague-dawley rats were allotted into 3 dietary groups of ten animals each, received experimental diets containing PUFAs every day by gavages for 12 weeks as follows: control group fed a normal diet and water; n-3 PUFAs group received 300 n-3 PUFAs supplementation; mixed-PUFAs group received 300 of a mixture of n-3, -6, -9 PUFAs supplementations. Read More
Theranostics 2018 10;8(20):5772-5783. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Biomedical Engineering Education (Southeast University), School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, P. R. China.
Molecular subtyping of breast cancer is of considerable interest owing to its potential for personalized therapy and prognosis. However, current methodologies cannot be used for precise subtyping, thereby posing a challenge in clinical practice. The aim of the present study is to develop a cell-specific single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamer-based fluorescence probe for molecular subtyping of breast cancer. Read More
Front Genet 2018 30;9:594. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Developmental and Behavioral Pediatric Department - Child Primary Care Department, Brain and Behavioral Research Unit of Shanghai Institute for Pediatric Research and MOE Shanghai Key Laboratory for Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders. Recent tremendous advances in the whole exome sequencing (WES) enable rapid identification of variants associated with ASD including single nucleotide variations (SNVs) and indels. To further explore genetic etiology of ASD in Chinese children with negative findings of copy number variants (CNVs), we applied WES in 80 simplex families with a single affected offspring with ASD or suspected ASD, and validated variations predicted to be damaging by Sanger sequencing. Read More
Front Psychiatry 2018 29;9:641. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Barcelona Bipolar Disorders Program, Hospital Clinic, Institute of Neurosciences, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain.
Personalized treatment is defined as choosing the "right treatment for the right person at the right time." Although psychiatry has not yet reached this level of precision, we are on the way thanks to recent technological developments that may aid to detect plausible molecular and genetic markers. At the moment there are some models that are contributing to precision psychiatry through the concept of staging. Read More
J Appl Stat 2018 12;45:1628-1651. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
In behavioral, educational and medical practice, interventions are often personalized over time using strategies that are based on individual behaviors and characteristics and changes in symptoms, severity, or adherence that are a result of one's treatment. Such strategies that more closely mimic real practice, are known as dynamic treatment regimens (DTRs). A sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) is a multi-stage trial design that can be used to construct effective DTRs. Read More
J Genet 2018 Dec;97(5):1485-1491
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli 620 015, India.
Genetic variation of language genes affect neurophysiology of brain and can thus influence the way people respond to environmental language input, leading to differences in terms of their response to environmental language learning. Conversely, language learning environment too can affect gene expressions through neuroepigenetic mechanisms, leading to increasedinterindividual differences. Further, language-related cognitive processes such as learning, working memory and perception; and language-related affective factors such as stress and positive emotion involve neuroplasticity, which is also epigenetically regulated. Read More
Cell Stem Cell 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 761001, Israel. Electronic address:
The epigenetic dynamics of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogramming in correctly reprogrammed cells at high resolution and throughout the entire process remain largely undefined. Here, we characterize conversion of mouse fibroblasts into iPSCs using Gatad2a-Mbd3/NuRD-depleted and highly efficient reprogramming systems. Unbiased high-resolution profiling of dynamic changes in levels of gene expression, chromatin engagement, DNA accessibility, and DNA methylation were obtained. Read More
Neurochirurgie 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Centre Léon Bérard, 28, rue Laennec, 69673 Lyon, France.
Adult medulloblastomas are orphan diseases that differ from their pediatric counterpart. Most are classified as classic or desmoplastic and fall in the SHH subgroup, mainly with loss-of-function mutations in PTCH1 and some by TP53-mutation due to underlying germline mutation. Activation of the WNT pathway is sporadic, although underlying Turcot syndrome may be present. Read More
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Division of Asthma Research, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address:
Background: Asthma phenotypes are currently not amenable to primary prevention or early intervention because their natural history cannot be reliably predicted. Clinicians remain reliant on poorly predictive asthma outcome tools because of a lack of better alternatives.
Objective: We sought to develop a quantitative personalized tool to predict asthma development in young children. Read More
Bull Cancer 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Institut Curie, département de biologie des tumeurs, service de génétique, 26, rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris, France. Electronic address:
Metastasis in cancer patients is often associated with a poor prognosis. However, we still have limited knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms, due to the great complexity of the biological processes involved in the formation of metastases. During tumor progression, the metastatic cells acquire genetic and epigenetic modifications allowing them to adapt to the various environments they will encounter (in the circulation and the host microenvironment) and to resist to the antitumor therapeutic agents. Read More
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Northwestern University, Rheumatology/Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Rationale: The contributions of diverse cell populations in the human lung to pulmonary fibrosis pathogenesis are poorly understood. Single-cell RNA sequencing can reveal changes within individual cell populations during pulmonary fibrosis that are important for disease pathogenesis.
Objectives: To determine whether single-cell RNA sequencing can reveal disease-related heterogeneity within alveolar macrophages, epithelial cells or other cell types in lung tissue from subjects with pulmonary fibrosis compared with controls. Read More
J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Background And Objective: This study aims to investigate the surgical outcomes observed in robotic transperitoneal aortic lymphadenectomy (AL) in gynecological cancer patients.
Methods: Retrospective data were collected and analyzed on 71 patients undergoing robotic surgical procedures for gynecological cancers, including transperitoneal AL, between December 2014 and February 2018 at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
Results: Median age of the sample population was 50 years (range, 26-76 years). Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 14;99(1):14-20. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Background: Recently, minimally invasive approaches such as endoscopic treatment or laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cancer have made rapid progress. However, the extent of gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy in laparoscopic surgery is radical, similar to that of open gastrectomy for patients with early gastric cancer diagnosed as not indicated for endoscopic treatment. Since it is well known that lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor, the standard procedure of gastrectomy with radical lymph node dissection has been performed for the purpose of curative resection. Read More
Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;74:31-37. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:
Background: Emotional skills are fundamental for quality service by nursing professionals, providing more personalized attention and a close relationship between the professional and patient.
Objectives: To compare linear relationship models (linear regressions) and models based on comparative qualitative analysis (QCA) in the analysis of the possible influence of socio-demographic variables (age and sex), working conditions (type of contract and seniority) and academic training (type of degree and specific training) on emotional abilities (emotional intelligence and empathy) in nursing.
Design: It is a transversal design in a single temporary moment. Read More
Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes, UMR 7057, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75205, Paris, cedex, 13, France. Electronic address:
Emerging advances in extracellular vesicle (EV) research brings along new promises for tailoring clinical treatments in order to meet specific disease features of each patient in a personalized medicine concept. EVs may act as regenerative effectors conveying endogenous therapeutic factors from parent cells or constitute a bio-camouflaged delivery system for exogenous therapeutic agents. Physical stimulation may be an important tool in the field of EVs for personalized therapy by powering EV production, loading and therapeutic properties. Read More
Addict Behav 2018 Dec 10;92:6-13. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
University of Houston, Department of Psychology, Houston, TX, United States; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Behavioral Science, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Cannabis is among the most widely used substances worldwide. The United States has seen an increase in the number of adult daily cannabis users and in the number of adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder. However, little work has examined patterns of use or unique subgroups of adult cannabis users, which may be useful in developing targeted treatment interventions for problematic cannabis users. Read More
Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Internal Medicine-Obesity Medicine, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA; Internal Medicine-Primary Care, San Mateo County Health System, San Mateo, CA, USA.
The primary focus of public health recommendations related to the prevention of food-related chronic disease has been on the adoption of healthy dietary patterns; however, implementation has been challenging. There has been increasing recognition that an individual's diet and environment may impact disease susceptibility by affecting the expression of genes involved in critical metabolic pathways. Precision nutrition (PN) has emerged to translate discoveries about diversity in nutrient metabolism between subgroups and the inter-individual variability in the responses to dietary interventions. Read More
J Clin Lipidol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Program in Personalized and Genomic Medicine, and Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
Background: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), defined as a prolonged or elevated rise in triglycerides that accompanies fat feeding, is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease and associated comorbidities. The impact of PPL on coronary heart disease risk is underscored by the preponderance of each day spent in the postprandial state.
Objective: In this study, we evaluated cross-sectionally the association between usual (ie, noninterventional) physical activity and the 6-hour triglyceride response to a standardized high-fat meal. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;176:89-96. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Departament of Neurology, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, LIM15, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Meningiomas, tumors that originate from meningothelial cells, account for approximately 30% of all new diagnoses of central nervous system neoplasms. According to the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system tumors meningiomas are classified into three grades: I, II, and III. Past studies have shown that the risk of meningiomas recurrence is strongly correlated with the molecular profile of the tumor. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Oct 11;126:725-733. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; UC Berkeley and UCSF Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, Berkeley/San Francisco, USA; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been of great interest owing to its ability to perform rapid and specific nucleic acid amplification and analysis on small volumes of samples. One of the major drawbacks of microfluidic PCR is bubble generation and reagent evaporation, which can cause malfunctions. Here, through theoretical modeling and characterization of bubble behavior, we propose a bubble-free microfluidic PCR device via controlled fluid transfer. Read More
Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
International Center for T1D, Pediatric Clinical Research Center Romeo ed Enrica Invernizzi, "L. Sacco" Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Transplantation Research Center, Nephrology Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Endocrinology Division, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100, Turkey; Biotechnology Department, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100, Turkey.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common type of genetic variation among people. Development of reliable methods for the detection of SNP is crucial in aspects of molecular diagnosis and personalized medicine. In our study, a genomagnetic assay in combination with zip nucleic acid (ZNA) for electrochemical detection of SNP related to Factor V Leiden (FV Leiden) mutation. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
Salivary gland cancers represent a rare group of tumors composed by over 20 histological subtypes. Initially treated as one single disease, its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment are currently being stratified based on morphology. More recently, insight has been provided on the molecular characterization of each subtype, further improving diagnostic accuracy and paving the way for personalized therapy. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Division of Public Health, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, and Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Background: The smoking prevalence among men in China is high, but the head and neck cancer incidence rates are low. This study's purpose was to investigate the impact of tobacco, betel quid, and alcohol on head and neck cancer risk in East Asia.
Methods: A multicenter case-control study (921 patients with head and neck cancer and 806 controls) in East Asia was conducted. Read More
Cancer Treat Res 2019 ;171:107-118
Cancer Survivorship Institute, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.
Millions of individuals worldwide are living with cancer and have remained disease-free for more than 5 years. These individuals are considered to be cancer survivors. The advent of new targeted therapies and personalized treatment modalities have contributed to this increased survivorship. Read More
Pediatr Nephrol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Hôpital Robert-Debré, APHP, 48 Bd Serurier, 75019, Paris, France.
Background: The optimal therapeutic regimen for children at onset of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is still under debate. A better knowledge of the disease's course is necessary to design more appropriate and/or personalized treatment protocols.
Methods: We report the 5-year outcome of patients included from December 2007 to May 2010 in the prospective multicentric and multiethnic population-based NEPHROVIR study. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17869. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay ON, P7B 5E1, Canada.
The successful isolation and propagation of patient-derived keratinocytes from cervical lesions constitute a more appropriate model of cervical disease than traditional cervical cancer-derived cell lines such as SiHa and CaSki. Our aim was to streamline the growth of patient-obtained, cervical keratinocytes into a reproducible process. We performed an observational case series study with 60 women referred to colposcopy for a diagnostic biopsy. Read More
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, UC Davis Health, Sacramento, Calif.
Objective: Overall survival (OS) for advanced stage (IIIA-IV) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is highly variable, and retrospective data show a survival advantage for patients receiving therapeutic intent pulmonary resection. We hypothesized that this variability in OS can be modeled separately by stage to allow a personalized estimate of OS.
Methods: In a cohort of patients with advanced-stage NSCLC from the National Cancer Database, we assessed the accuracy of Surgical Selection Score (SSS) to predict OS using Cox proportional hazards models and determined by stage the effect of surgery on survival among people with similarly high levels of SSS. Read More
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2018 Dec 14;18(1):132. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam UMC, location VUMC, F-wing Medical Faculty building, PO Box 7057 1007, MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Background: Decision-making about palliative care for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) consists of many different treatment-related decisions, and there generally is no best treatment option. Decision support systems (DSS), e.g. Read More
J Pers Med 2018 Dec 13;8(4). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Personalized Medicine and Pharmacogenomics/Genomics Research Centre-BIFAGEM, Izmir 35350, Turkey..
Fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy is extensively used for the treatment of solid cancers, including colorectal cancer. However, fluoropyrimidine-driven toxicities are a major problem in the management of the disease. The grade and type of the toxicities depend on demographic factors, but substantial inter-individual variation in fluoropyrimidine-related toxicity is partly explained by genetic factors. Read More
J Pers Med 2018 Dec 13;8(4). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Altnagelvin Hospital Campus, Ulster University, Londonderry, BT47 6SB, Northern Ireland, UK.
Multiple genes and mechanisms of pathophysiology have been implicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), suggesting it is a complex systemic disease. With this in mind, applying personalized medicine (PM) approaches to tailor treatment pipelines for ALS patients may be necessary. The modelling and analysis of molecular interaction networks could represent valuable resources in defining ALS-associated pathways and discovering novel therapeutic targets. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 28;109:2203-2209. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran; Department of Anatomical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:
Medical anthropology is a multi-disciplinary approach to the medical sciences and humanities. Immunology is of the basic medical sciences dealing with anthropology as a science which involves in recognition of self and non-self. We performed this review paper to introduce the role of immunology in medical anthropology and molecular epidemiology. Read More
Cancer Lett 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, 3008, Bern, Switzerland; Department for BioMedical Research, Radiation Oncology, University of Bern, 3008, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:
Following nearly two decades of its conception, the phenomenon of oncogene addiction still represents a key concept of how progresses in basic research can translate to unprecedented translational breakthroughs. Coined by Bernard Weinstein, this term refers to the phenomenon by which cancer cells can exhibit dependence on a single oncogenic protein or signaling pathway for sustaining proliferation and survival, despite the wide burden of genetic lesions characterizing their genomic background, revealing thus a promising Achilles' heel of cancer. Importantly, this concept aided the design and clinical implementation of molecularly targeted anticancer therapies, further supporting the paradigm shift witnessed in clinical oncology towards an individual-based, personalized era. Read More
Cell 2018 Dec;175(7):1972-1988.e16
Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address:
In vitro cancer cultures, including three-dimensional organoids, typically contain exclusively neoplastic epithelium but require artificial reconstitution to recapitulate the tumor microenvironment (TME). The co-culture of primary tumor epithelia with endogenous, syngeneic tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) as a cohesive unit has been particularly elusive. Here, an air-liquid interface (ALI) method propagated patient-derived organoids (PDOs) from >100 human biopsies or mouse tumors in syngeneic immunocompetent hosts as tumor epithelia with native embedded immune cells (T, B, NK, macrophages). Read More
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Desporto, Porto, Portugal.
Objective: Children's differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual- and school-level characteristics in explaining these differences.
Methods: In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5-10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209095. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Molecular and Personalized Medicine Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America.
Basement membrane (BM) is an essential part of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that plays a crucial role in mechanical support and signaling to epithelial cells during lung development, homeostasis and repair. Abnormal composition and remodeling of the lung ECM have been associated with developmental abnormalities observed in multiple pediatric and adult respiratory diseases. Collagen VI (COL6) is a well-studied muscle BM component, but its role in the lung and its effect on pulmonary epithelium is largely undetermined. Read More
Melanoma Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Institute of General Pathology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.
The recently developed therapeutic strategies have led to unprecedented improvements in the control of metastatic melanoma and in the survival of specific subgroups of patients. However, drug resistance, low response rates, and undesired side effects make these treatments not suitable or tolerable for all the patients, and chemotherapeutic treatments appear still indispensable, at least for subgroups of patients. New combinatory strategies are also under investigation as tailored treatments or salvage therapies, including combined treatments of immunotherapy with conventional chemotherapy. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1886-1889
Department of Otolaryngology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated with Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China.
The aim of this study is to explore the role of cineMRI in the localization of upper airway obstruction in complicated pediatric OSAS. Eleven persistent OSAS and 11 complex OSAS patients underwent cineMRI. Each patient was imaged midline sagittal and axial magnetic resonance cine image. Read More
G Ital Nefrol 2018 Dec;35(6)
Cattedra Nefrologia Università degli Studi di Bari-Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Consorziale Policlinico di Bari.
With these recommendations the Interdisciplinary Urinalysis Group (GIAU) aims to stimulate the following aspects : improvement and standardization of the post analytical approach to physical, chemical and morphological urine examination (ECMU); emphasize the value added to ECMU by selection of clinically significant parameters, indication of analytical methods, of units of measurement, of reference values; improvement of interpretation of dip stick urinalysis with particular regard to the reconsideration of the diagnostic significance of the evaluated parameters together with an increasing awareness of the limits of sensitivity and specificity of this analytical method. Accompanied by the skills to propose and carry out in-depth investigations with analytical methods that are more sensitive and specific;increase the awareness of the importance of professional skills in the field of urinary morphology and their relationships with the clinicians. through the introduction, in the report, of descriptive and interpretative comments depending on the type of request, the complexity of the laboratory, the competence of the pathologist;implement a policy of evaluation of the analytical quality by using, in addition to traditional internal and external controls, a program for the evaluation of morphological competence. Read More
Cytometry A 2018 Dec;93(12):1226-1233
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) carry valuable biological information. While enumeration of CTCs in peripheral blood is an FDA-approved prognostic indicator of survival in metastatic prostate and other cancers, analysis of CTC phenotypic and genomic markers is needed to identify cancer origin and elucidate pathways that can guide therapeutic selection for personalized medicine. Given the emergence of single-cell mRNA sequencing technologies, a method is needed to isolate CTCs with high sensitivity and specificity as well as compatibility with downstream genomic analysis. Read More
Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.
Circadian rhythm disorders have been classically associated with disorders of abnormal timing of the sleep-wake cycle, however circadian dysfunction can play a role in a wide range of pathology, ranging from the increased risk for cardiometabolic disease and malignancy in shift workers, prompting the need for a new field focused on the larger concept of circadian medicine. The relationship between circadian disruption and human health is bidirectional, with changes in circadian amplitude often preceding the classical symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders. As our understanding of the importance of circadian dysfunction in disease grows, we need to develop better clinical techniques for identifying circadian rhythms and also develop circadian based strategies for disease management. Read More
Hepatology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Life Sciences, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.
The liver is an organ with strong regenerative capacity, yet primary hepatocytes have a low amplification potential in vitro, a major limitation for the cell-based therapy of liver disorders and for ex vivo biological screens. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) may help to circumvent this obstacle, but often harbor genetic and epigenetic abnormalities limiting their potential. Here, we describe the pharmacological induction of proliferative human hepatic progenitor cells (HPC) through a cocktail of growth factors and small molecules mimicking the signaling events involved in liver regeneration. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Organization, General Hospital of Benxi Iron and Steel Co., Benxi, China.
Bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA) is a common malignancy with high heterogeneity. A reasonable molecular subtyping can facilitate biological study and personalized therapy of BLCA. In this study, unsupervised consensus clustering was used to acquire the molecular subtypes of BLCA based on messenger RNA (mRNA) and microRNA (miRNA) data. Read More
Cancer 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Background: An inherited susceptibility to renal cancers is associated with multiple predisposing genes, but most screening tests are limited to patients with a family history. Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based multigene panels provide an efficient and adaptable tool for investigating pathogenic germline mutations on a larger scale. This study investigated the frequency of pathogenic germline mutations in renal cancer predisposition genes in patients with sporadic, early-onset disease. Read More