400,946 results match your criteria Personality Disorders
Personal Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology.
Extant research has supported a connection between socialization in childhood and difficulties regulating emotions. The biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder (BPD; Crowell, Beauchaine, & Linehan, 2009; Linehan, 1993) suggests that emotion dysregulation is a core mechanism underlying the extreme behaviors, mood instability, identity disturbance, and relationship instability observed in BPD. The present study investigated the impact of socialization factors related to emotions, parental autonomy support, parental psychological control, and childhood trauma on BPD features in a nonclinical young adult sample (N = 357). Read More
Personal Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, University of Otago.
The alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) is outlined in Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. This model includes 25 dimensional trait facets that are used as criteria for six personality disorders in addition to impairment in functioning. Numerous previous studies have examined the degree to which the proposed trait facets converge with the Section II personality disorders (PDs) they are meant to capture, but the results from these various studies have been inconsistent. Read More
Dev Psychopathol 2018 Dec 6:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology,Georgia State University,Atlanta,GA,USA.
The aim of this study is to examine the role of repeated exposure to rocket attacks in the links between personality vulnerability (dependency and self-criticism) and internalizing/externalizing psychopathology. A main-effect vulnerability model (personality leads to psychopathology) was compared with a main-effect scarring model (psychopathology leads to personality vulnerability). Also, a stress-diathesis pattern (personality vulnerability is activated under stress) was compared to a dual-vulnerability pattern (either personality vulnerability or stress, but not both, lead to psychopathology). Read More
Brain Imaging Behav 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Ghent University, C. Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
Although in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) functional connectivity (FC) is frequently used to examine deregulated brain networks, neurobiological data from other sources may be required to interpret these FC findings. In 16 melancholic TRD patients with a high level of treatment resistance and 16 closely matched healthy never-depressed individuals we verified whether sgACC FC patterns were related to regional metabolic activity (CMRglc) with FDG PET imaging. Notwithstanding that TRD patients displayed stronger sgACC FC with the right lateral frontotemporal cortex, metabolically they exhibited the opposite pattern. Read More
Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1880-1885. Epub 2018 Nov 3.
Iqra University, Pakistan.
Data were collected from administration officers ranging from middle-management to top management of the five universities of Malaysia. The data was collected through a standardized and structured questionnaire. The variables of the study were religiosity, personality and work behavior of Muslims. Read More
Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 12;11:581-588. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastián, Spain.
Purpose: The study had two goals as follows: 1) to identify the prevalence of children with mild and severe depression (MD and SD), exploring sex differences; and 2) to determine possible significant differences in adaptive and clinical variables between children with different levels of depression (absence of depression, MD, and SD).
Materials And Methods: We used a sample of 420 participants aged 7-10 years (53.3% boys) enrolled in third and fourth grade of primary education, from schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Read More
J Nerv Ment Dis 2018 Dec;206(12):944-949
Department of Mental Health and Pathological Addictions, Local Health Trust of Bologna.
The present study aimed to determine mortality rates and trends among community mental health service users in Bologna (Italy) between 2001 and 2013. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated, and Poisson multiple regression analysis was performed. The cohort comprised 42,357 patients, of which 3556 died. Read More
J Nerv Ment Dis 2018 Dec;206(12):935-943
Institute of Psychotherapy, and.
Changes in emotional processing (EP) and in theory of mind (TOM) are central across treatment approaches for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although the assessment of EP relies on the observation of a patient's self-criticism in a two-chair dialogue, an individual's TOM assessments is made based on responses to humorous stimuli based on false beliefs. For this pilot study, we assessed eight patients with BPD before and after a 3-month-long psychiatric treatment, using functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioral tasks. Read More
J Psychol 2018 Dec 3:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
a Tzu Chi University.
This study examined the mediating role of capability-oriented imagination between personality traits and creativity, by combining two sub-studies. A total of 612 student participants were recruited from universities in Taiwan. Study 1 calibrated the factors of the three variables and validated three instruments of the variables, and the results were consistent with previous studies. Read More
J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
a Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education) , Southwest University , Chongqing , China.
The present study explored the factors that influence the likelihood that 217 Chinese gay/bisexual men will engage in heterosexual marriage, focusing on the Chinese cultural context, in which filial duties to marry, have children, and support one's parents in their old age are taken seriously. Data on heterosexual marital intention (HMI) were examined in relation to demographics, internalized homophobia, homosexual identity formation (HIF), perceived family support, and disclosure. We estimated a multinomial logistic regression model for HMI. Read More
J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-26. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
b Department of Business Administration , Hacettepe University , Ankara , Turkey.
Considerable research has shown that people generally hold more negative attitudes toward homosexuals. Given this fact, it is important to understand psychological and social correlates of homophobia. With this purpose, the present study investigates attachment styles, openness to experience, and social contact in relation to attitudes toward homosexuals. Read More
Personal Disord 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Psychology.
Psychopathy is a personality disorder associated with callous, impulsive, and antisocial behaviors. Decades of research indicate that individuals higher on psychopathy exhibit abnormal allocation of attention during goal pursuit. However, the manner in which attention is allocated to goal-relevant information and the downstream neurocognitive consequences of this attention abnormality remain unclear. Read More
Personal Disord 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
School of Psychology.
Psychopathy is a form of personality disorder associated with a deficit in emotional processing. However, there is debate whether this deficit applies to all emotions or exists only for negative emotions. The pupil dilates rapidly in response to emotional stimuli, allowing a time-sensitive index of emotional processing. Read More
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Purpose: Little is known about the effect of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on the risks of cause-specific mortality in the community. This study aimed to close this gap by evaluating if ASPD increases risks of cause-specific mortality in population-based residential and institutionalized samples with 27 years of follow-up.
Methods: Data were collected in four metropolitan sites as part of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study during 1979-1983. Read More
Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):155-166
Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Introduction: The feeling of incongruence between phenotypic sex and psychological recognition of self-gender is termed gender dysphoria. Transsexualism is the most extreme form of this disorder.
Aims And Objectives: The aims and objectives of the study are to evaluate the esthetic and functional outcome of embryonic equivalents-based male-to-female sex reassignment surgery in transwomen using the institutional scoring system. Read More
J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1763-1768
Dean, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Islamabad - Pakistan.
Objective: : To investigate personality disorders in medical students appearing for medical school entrance exam.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Peshawar Medical College from August 2015 to May 2016, and comprised all the students who undertook medical school entrance examination of the College. They were asked to fill screening questionnaire of international personality disorder examination, based on International Classification of Disease version-10. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Nov 30;8(1):17479. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Biology, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland.
Animal personality, defined as consistent differences among individuals in their behaviour, is being increasingly studied as it might lead to a new understanding of the evolution of behaviours. Despite a clear interest in studying personality in a wide range of taxa for comparative analyses, studies on invertebrates are still scarce. Here, we investigated the personality of a ground beetle, Nebria brevicollis, which is widespread in Europe and invasive in North America. Read More
Am J Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Departments of Clinical Science and Education Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet. Sjukhusbacken 10, 11883 Stockholm, Sweden.
Objective: To describe type A behavior pattern and trait anger in patient with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) and compare them to patient with coronary heart disease and healthy controls. Type A behavior pattern and anger have been linked to coronary heart disease in previous studies. This is the first study to assess type A behavior pattern and trait anger in MINOCA patients. Read More
J Pain 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Psychology, McGill University. Electronic address:
Recent research has revealed robust cross-sectional and prospective associations between perceived injustice, pain, disability, and depressive symptoms in patients with chronic pain. To date, research has proceeded from the assumption that perceived injustice arises as a consequence of debilitating injury or illness. However, it is possible that perceived injustice might have trait-like characteristics, persisting even in the absence of an injustice-related eliciting event. Read More
Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, Birley Campus, Manchester, United Kingdom.
Background: Central sensitisation pain is a predominant mechanism in a proportion of individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain and is associated with poor outcomes. It is proposed that the pre-morbid experiences and contexts may be related to the development of central sensitisation.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore the pre-morbid experiences and personal characteristics of participants with central sensitisation pain from a non-specific chronic low back pain population. Read More
J Surg Res 2019 Jan 3;233:240-248. Epub 2018 Sep 3.
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas. Electronic address:
Background: Identification of successful general surgical residents remains a challenging endeavor for program directors with a national attrition of approximately 20% per year. The Big 5 personality traits and the Grit Scale have been extensively studied in many industries, and certain traits are associated with professional or academic success. However, their utility in surgery resident selection is unknown. Read More
Span J Psychol 2018 Dec 3;21:E63. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain).
This article describes the development of the ENCUIST (Extroversion, Neuroticism, Callous-Unemotional, Instability, Short-Test) questionnaire, which has been created to provide a personality profiling method based on a cognitive diagnostic modeling framework. The ENCUIST measures the attributes of extroversion, neuroticism, callous unemotionality and overt expressions of anger that are relevant in a forensic context. The scores provided by the ENCUIST are binary classifications of the individuals (high/low) in these attributes. Read More
J Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 1:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
a Department of Intercultural Communication , National University of Ostroh Academy.
Contact research has well documented the beneficial effects of cross-group interactions in general, and friendship potential in particular, in promoting positive attitudes toward outgroups. Yet, most of the studies to date have mainly focused on reducing negative attitudes and prejudice. Extending emerging attempts in social and psychological research to understand positive outgroup orientations, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between cross-group friendship and allophilia (i. Read More
Am J Psychiatry 2018 Dec;175(12):1265
From the Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers VA Medical Center, Bedford, Mass.; and the Departments of Psychiatry and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester.
Am J Psychiatry 2018 Dec;175(12):1265-1266
From the Centre for Psychiatry, Imperial College London, London; and the Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K.
J Anim Ecol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, Australia.
1.The expression of individual behaviour as a function of environmental variation (behavioural plasticity) is recognised as a means for animals to modify their phenotypes in response to changing conditions. Plasticity has been studied extensively in recent years, leading to an accumulation of evidence for behavioural plasticity within natural populations. Read More
JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Importance: Infections have been associated with increased risks for mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and depression. However, the association between all infections requiring treatment and the wide range of mental disorders is unknown to date.
Objective: To investigate the association between all treated infections since birth and the subsequent risk of development of any treated mental disorder during childhood and adolescence. Read More
Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Chongqing, China.
The transition from early adulthood to the elder is marked by functional and structural brain transformations. Many previous studies examined the correlation between the functional connectivity (FC) and aging using resting-state fMRI. Results showed that the changes in FC are linked to aging as well as the cognitive ability changes. Read More
Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):164-167
Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.
Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorders are the most frequent personality disorders in patients seeking cosmetic interventions. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection for cosmetic purpose is the most popular among non-surgical cosmetic procedures and is also the second common aesthetic treatment in Iran. The current study aimed to assess personality disorders in people who were referred for BoNTA injection in Ardabil, Iran. Read More
Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2018 Nov 18;10(11):1443-1446. Epub 2018 Aug 18.
Hy-Vee Pharmacy, 7101 University Avenue, Windsor Heights IA, 50324-1436, United States. Electronic address:
Background: A challenge for many pharmacy educators is early identification of students who may struggle with various aspects of the pharmacy curriculum. While grade point average, demographic factors, and personality traits may be helpful considerations, we felt there was a need to further explore methods for readily identifying at-risk students who may benefit from early intervention. The Grit Scale has recently been explored, presented, and published in academic pharmacy. Read More
Int J Neurosci 2018 Dec 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
a Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour , McMaster University , Hamilton , Ontario , Canada.
Objective: Although individual differences in personality are known to influence quality of life in individuals with schizophrenia, relatively few studies have attempted to identify putative links underlying this relation.
Methods: Here, we examined associations among temperamental shyness, hormones (ie baseline salivary cortisol and testosterone), and quality of life (QoL) measured in 42 stable outpatient adults with schizophrenia.
Results: We found that baseline cortisol, but not testosterone, moderated the relation between shyness and QoL (ß = 1. Read More
Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
a University of São Francisco , Campinas - SP , Brasil.
Dimensional literature reinforces the relevance of specific Dependent personality disorder (DPD) traits, as submissiveness, insecurity and avoidance of abandonment. In this paper we measured these traits through the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory-2 (IDCP-2). This study aims to verify the capacity of IDCP-2 factors to discriminate and predict DPD related symptoms. Read More
PLoS One 2018 4;13(12):e0208331. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Management, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, United States of America.
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) has greatly facilitated the scientific study of trait narcissism. However, there is great variability in the reported reliability of scores on the NPI. This study meta-analyzes coefficient alpha for scores on the NPI and its sub-scales (e. Read More
Br J Math Stat Psychol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.
In this paper, we explore the use of the stochastic EM algorithm (Celeux & Diebolt (1985) Computational Statistics Quarterly, 2, 73) for large-scale full-information item factor analysis. Innovations have been made on its implementation, including an adaptive-rejection-based Gibbs sampler for the stochastic E step, a proximal gradient descent algorithm for the optimization in the M step, and diagnostic procedures for determining the burn-in size and the stopping of the algorithm. These developments are based on the theoretical results of Nielsen (2000, Bernoulli, 6, 457), as well as advanced sampling and optimization techniques. Read More
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Locked Bag 10, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia.
Psychotic symptoms have been found to be relatively common among adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD), and to be a marker of BPD severity, but are not recognised in daily clinical practice in these patients. This study is the first to examine the prevalence of psychotic symptoms in 15-18-year olds with BPD features. It was hypothesised that adolescents with full-threshold BPD would have significantly more psychotic symptoms than adolescents with sub-threshold BPD features, and that both these groups would have significantly more psychotic symptoms than adolescents with no BPD features. Read More
Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2018 Dec 31;12:182-191. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital, Psychiatric Hospitals of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Underage patients with Borderline Personality Pathology (BPP) are in need of specialised psychotherapeutic treatment. A handful of these treatments, including Adolescent Identity Treatment (AIT) and Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents (DBT-A), have been adapted for adolescent patients. Psychotherapy research has shown that the outcome of different psychotherapeutic approaches can be very similar despite conceptual and practical differences between the theoretical models. Read More
Front Psychiatry 2018 19;9:579. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.
Epigenetic mechanisms have been described in several mental disorders, such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia. However, less is known about the influence of epigenetic mechanisms with regard to personality disorders (PD). Therefore, we conducted a literature review on existing original data with regards to epigenetic peculiarities in connection with personality disorders. Read More
Acad Radiol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Radiology, 35 Hope Drive, Hershey, PA 17033.
Rationale And Objectives: To evaluate interview techniques currently used in the selection of diagnostic radiology resident candidates and to identify factors influencing the use of alternative interview techniques.
Materials And Methods: An anonymous 25 question e-mail survey was provided to 319 active members of the Association of Program Directors in Radiology. The survey included questions on residency demographics, organization of resident applicant interviews, types of interview techniques utilized, scoring and ranking of applicants, and facets of the interview/application felt most important to the selection process. Read More
Cortex 2018 Nov 10;111:183-195. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China; Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Ministry of Education, China. Electronic address:
In daily life, individuals frequently make trade-offs between the small-but-immediate benefits and large-but-delayed profits. This type of decision is known as intertemporal choice. Previous studies have uncovered the neurobiological mechanism of the intertemporal choice, but it still remains unclear how the patterns of brain activity predict the decisions of intertemporal choices. Read More
Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 22;88:49-51. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, United States.
Introduction: Vöhringer et al. identified a triad of items on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) that best discriminated between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder (BD) in a tertiary mood clinic setting . The present study aimed to replicate and extend these findings by examining the performance of the triad across a range of cut-off scores and comparing the operating characteristics of the triad to the full MDQ. Read More
Neuropsychologia 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University of Marburg.
Introduction: Schizotypy is a personality trait characterized by subclinical schizophrenia symptoms. Individuals with schizophrenia typically display behavioral mentalizing deficits and altered neural correlates during mentalizing. While schizotypy has been inconsistently related to behavioral mentalizing skills, its neural correlates of mentalizing are understudied so far. Read More
Eur Psychiatry 2018 Nov 27;56:51-59. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Antwerp University (UA, CAPRI), Antwerp University Hospital (UZA), Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address:
Radicalization is a process, by which individuals adopt extreme political, social and religious ideation that leads to mass violence acts. It has been hypothesized that mental health characteristics might be associated with a risk of radicalization. However, a qualitative synthesis of studies investigating the relationship between mental health and radicalization has not been performed so far. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Nov 27;90:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Epileptology, University of Bonn Medical Centre, Sigmund-Freud-Strasse 25, FRG-53127 Bonn, Germany. Electronic address:
Objectives: When writing about the bidirectional etiological relationship between depression and epilepsy, neuropsychiatrists often cite Lewis (1934) [Lewis AJ. Melancholia: a historical review. Journal of Mental Science 1934; 80: 1-42] who cited Hippocrates - namely, "melancholics ordinarily become epileptics, and epileptics, melancholics". Read More
J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 17;62:35-44. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group, Nienoord 10, Diemen, 1112XE, the Netherlands; Utrecht University, Department of Clinical Psychology, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:
Individuals diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show remarkably different symptom presentations. Identification of diagnostic profiles of PTSD may contribute to knowledge about treatment modifications to enhance treatment effectiveness. The present study aimed to identify symptom severity classes among 236 Dutch veterans based on a broad range of psychopathology outcomes, including PTSD, using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA). Read More
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has been associated with altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning. However, evidence is inconsistent. Therefore, the present series of meta-analyses aimed to quantify HPA axis functioning in BPD patients based on singular and continuous cortisol assessments and measures of reactivity to pharmacological and psychosocial stress. Read More
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(10):4-9
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russia, Moscow, Russia.
Aim: To evaluate the frequency and spectrum of impulsive-compulsive disorders (ICDs) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) without dopaminergic medication and among patients receiving dopaminergic replacement therapy, depending on personality type, genetic factors, and to determine the influence of ICDs on the development of other non-motor manifestations of the disease.
Material And Methods: Three hundred and eighty-six consecutive patients with idiopathic PD, including untreated patients with PD (de novo) and patients receiving dopaminergic replacement therapy during one year, were examined. ICDs were evaluated with QUIP and diagnostic criteria. Read More
Sud Med Ekspert 2018 ;61(6):25-28
Federal State Budgetary Institute 'Russian Centre of Forensic Medical Expertise', Ministry of Health of the Russia, Moscow, Russia, 125284.
This article presents the analysis of the problems arising in the investigations of the quality of human voice as the integrated estimate of the work of the speech apparatus to enable the identification of the speaker's personality for the purpose of expert expertise. The notion of the voice pitch and the peculiarities of the use of its specific characteristics in the identification studies making use of voice and speech information are considered. The main prerequisites for the instrumental evaluation of the objective features of the voice quality and speech-associated signals are discussed. Read More