1,393 results match your criteria Peroneal Mononeuropathy


Efficacy of gabapentin for the prevention of paclitaxel induced peripheral neuropathy: A randomized placebo controlled clinical trial.

Breast J 2019 Mar 17;25(2):226-231. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Radiation Oncology Research Center (RORC), Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Neuropathy is a dose limiting side effect of taxanes which may impact the quality of life and treatment outcomes. This randomized placebo-controlled double-blinded clinical trial was carried out to assess the efficacy of gabapentin in preventing chemotherapy induced neuropathy. Women with breast cancer were randomized into two groups of paclitaxel chemotherapy with gabapentin 300 mg/three times a day orally or placebo for 2 weeks started at day 1 of each paclitaxel cycle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbj.13196DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.433 Impact Factor

Effect of folic acid supplementation on nerve conduction velocity in diabetic polyneuropathy patients.

Neurol Res 2019 Apr 7;41(4):364-368. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a Food Security Research Center , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.

Objectives: In diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) patients, the effect of folic acid and homocysteine has been related to components of nerve conduction velocity (NCV). The objective of this study was to determine the effect of folic acid supplementation on NCV in DPN patients.

Methods: Patients were randomized to receive either 1 mg of folic acid (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) for 16 weeks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01616412.2019.1565180DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
1.449 Impact Factor

Entrapment Neuropathies of the Lower Extremity.

Med Clin North Am 2019 Mar 3;103(2):371-382. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Entrapment neuropathies in the lower limbs are a common neurologic problem and may present in any medical setting. Accurate identification and management of these nerve palsies can prevent pain, sensory loss, incoordination, and muscle weakness that may significantly affect a patient's functional mobility. In this article, the authors focus on the cause, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of select entrapment neuropathies of the lower extremity, including palsies of the common peroneal, lateral femoral cutaneous, femoral, and posterior tibial nerves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00257125183013
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2018.10.013DOI Listing
March 2019
14 Reads

Intraneural Ewing Sarcoma of Fibular Nerve: Case Report, Radiologic Findings and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 20;123:212-215. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Neurosurgery Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: Intraneural Ewing sarcoma (ES) was first described in 1918 by Stout in a tumor of the ulnar nerve. These tumors are in the category of ES family of tumors, together with ES of bone, extraosseous ES, and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. ES typically occurs in the second decade of life; only 20% of cases affect elder people. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.043DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Foot drop post varicella zoster virus.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Physiotherapy Outpatient Department, University Hospitals of Derby & Burton NHS Foundation Trust, Derby, UK.

Leg pain and weakness can often be seen in a musculoskeletal physiotherapy outpatient setting. While the differential diagnoses for neuropathic pain and weakness is often spine related, this unusual cause for polyradiculopathy is less commonly seen. Shingles is not something routinely seen in a physiotherapy department but is usually associated with skin eruptions and pain but less so with motor loss. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226273DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Diagnostic value of ultrasonography in peroneal neuropathy

Turk J Med Sci 2018 Dec 12;48(6):1115-1120. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey

Background/aim: Peroneal neuropathy at the fibular head (PNFH) is one of the most common entrapment neuropathies. Our aim in this study was to analyze the efficiency of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of PNFH.

Materials And Methods: The study included 15 peroneal nerves of 12 patients with PNFH and 24 peroneal nerves of 12 healthy controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://online.journals.tubitak.gov.tr/openDoiPdf.htm?mKodu=s
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1803-145DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

TDRKH is a candidate gene for an autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuropathy.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Genomics, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMNs) comprise a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous inherited lower motor neuron syndromes mainly characterized by a distal-predominant pattern of progressive muscle atrophy, weakness and hyporeflexia, without sensory dysfunction. Although at least 21 causative genes for dHMN have been reported, mutational scanning of these genes often fails to identify the causative variants in dHMN cohorts, suggesting that additional causative genes remain to be identified. We studied a four-generation pedigree of a Japanese family with autosomal dominant dHMN to provide insight into the pathogenetic basis of the disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17697212183033
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.11.028DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Mononeuropathy due to Entrapment of Dorsal Cutaneous Peroneal Nerve: Clinical, Electrophysiological, and Imaging Findings.

Cureus 2018 Sep 24;10(9):e3350. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Peroneal neuropathy is the most common mononeuropathy encountered in the lower extremities. Isolated injuries to the dorsal cutaneous peroneal nerve (DCPN) are uncommon, and most of the reported cases are due to trauma or iatrogenic causes. We report a case of a middle-aged woman who presented with a nine-month history of tingling sensation over the dorsum of her left foot with normal electromyography (EMG) findings and was subsequently diagnosed with entrapment of the DCPN at the ankle by ultrasonographic examination. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257471PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Clinical and Electrodiagnostic Features Of Nontraumatic Sciatic Neuropathy.

Muscle Nerve 2019 Mar 24;59(3):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Neuromuscular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk S90, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA.

Introduction: In this study we sought to characterize etiologies and features of sciatic neuropathy unrelated to penetrating nerve trauma.

Methods: This investigation was a retrospective review of 109 patients with electrodiagnostically confirmed sciatic neuropathies.

Results: Hip replacement surgery represented the most common (34. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mus.26380
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26380DOI Listing
March 2019
30 Reads

Prostaglandin E1 plus methylcobalamin combination therapy versus prostaglandin E1 monotherapy for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(44):e13020

Department of Pharmacy, Guangdong Province Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Foshan, China.

Background: Prostaglandin E1 (P) or methylcobalamin (M) treatment has been suggested as a therapeutic approach for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in many clinical trial reports. However, the combined effects of 2 drugs still remain dubious.

Objective: The aim of this report was to evaluate the efficacy of M plus P (M + P) for the treatment of DPN compared with that of P monotherapy, in order to provide a reference resource for rational drug use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221723PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Peroneal nerve mononeuropathy associated with herpes zoster. A case report.

Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 31;40(4):847-850. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Neuromuscular Unit, Hospital Universitario del Sureste, Ronda del Sur 10, E28500, Arganda del Rey (Madrid), Spain.

Background: Sensory or motor syndromes, especially mononeuropathies, are infrequent complications of herpes zoster.

Case Report: We describe a 77-year-old woman who developed a severe right common peroneal nerve mononeuropathy with clinical onset 10 days after a vesicular rash consistent with herpes zoster in the territory of distribution of this nerve.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, peroneal nerve mononeuropathy associated with herpes zoster has not been reported previously. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10072-018-3621-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3621-xDOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

A clinical and electrophysiological study of peripheral neuropathies in peritoneal dialysis patients: Our experience from rural South India.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1139-1149

Department of Neurology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

The objective was to study the prevalence, clinical features, electrophysiological features, and severity of peripheral neuropathy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and effect of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). Between May 2015 and December 2016, 100 CKD patients on PD were assessed. The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy was 65% based on clinical symptoms and 92% based on electrophysiological parameters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2018/29/5/1139/243942
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.243942DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

[Peroneal palsy as a manifestation of acute diabetic mononeuropathy with complete recovery after surgical decompression - a case report and review of the literature].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2018 Dec 23;50(6):439-442. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Martin-Luther-Krankenhaus Berlin, Klinik für Plastische, Rekonstruktive und Ästhetische Chirurgie.

This article presents the case of a 47-year-old patient with diabetes-related palsy of the peroneal nerve, illustrating the susceptibility of nerves to compression in patients with diabetes. Diagnostic evaluation, treatment and clinical course are presented and discussed in the context of the literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0043-124186
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-124186DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

An Unusual Presentation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma with Isolated Footdrop.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 13;121:166-168. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Division of Neurosurgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) typically present with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, including headache, nausea/vomiting, and somnolence, or with contralateral weakness. Compression of the convexity cerebral cortex usually causes motor deficit that is more readily appreciated in the upper extremity rather than in the leg, and very subtle deficit may be detected only by looking for pronator drift. The precise pattern of signs and symptoms in CSDH may vary from case to case depending on the specific anatomy of compression, but isolated lower extremity weakness is rare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183233
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.042DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Spontaneous Recovery of Complete Foot Drop in Case of Lumbar Disk Herniation: Catcher in the Rye?

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 26;122:518-521. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Mycure Hospitals, Maharani Peta, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Foot drop is defined as inability to dorsiflex the foot at the ankle joint. Although a well-documented entity with a myriad of causes along the neuraxis, starting from parasagittal intracranial pathologies to peripheral nerve lesions, treatment has always remained uniform (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183216
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.119DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Unusual variant of distal biceps femoris muscle associated with common peroneal entrapment neuropathy: A cadaveric case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(38):e12274

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Kangwon.

Rationale: The anatomical variant of the distal biceps femoris muscle with regard to common peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy (CPNe) was suggested through magnetic resonance images (MRI) study.

Patient Concerns: An unusual variant of distal biceps femoris muscle was observed in 78 years old male cadaver.

Diagnoses: The short head of biceps femoris muscle (SHBFM) was extended more distal and posteriorly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160238PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Alpha lipoic acid combined with epalrestat: a therapeutic option for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2018 7;12:2827-2840. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

The College of Basic Medical Science, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, People's Republic of China,

Background: Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), a type of antioxidant, is used in combination with epalrestat in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). However, whether combined treatment is superior to epalrestat monotherapy is controversial.

Methods: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library and Chinese databases to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to October 31, 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S168878DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135078PMC
February 2019
55 Reads

[Possibilities of diagnostics in unilateral fibular-nerve-paresis in a calf].

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2018 09;160(9):539-545

Klinik für Wiederkäuer mit Ambulanz und Bestandsbetreuung, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Introduction: The present case report describes the workup of unilateral fibular-nerve-paresis in a female neonatal Fleckvieh calf. The calf was admitted to the Clinic for Ruminants with Ambulatory and Herd Health Services, Ludwig- Maximilians-University Munich as part of an investigation into a herd problem. The herd problem was presented as movement disorder in neonatal calves with an incidence of 10%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://sat.gstsvs.ch/de/pubmed/?doi=10.17236/sat00175
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17236/sat00175DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Stroke presenting with an isolated foot drop in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome: an uncommon clinical entity.

Neurol Sci 2019 Jan 31;40(1):193-194. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Rheumatology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3552-6DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Nerve and skin biopsy in neuropathies.

Authors:
Claudia Sommer

Curr Opin Neurol 2018 10;31(5):534-540

Department of Neurology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: To give an overview of recent data on the use of nerve and skin biopsy as a diagnostic tool in neuropathies.

Recent Findings: Axonal damage in a biopsy from a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy may point to the presence of autoantibodies to paranodal proteins. In nonsystemic vasculitis of the peripheral nervous system, nerve biopsy is still the only means to make a definite diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0000000000000601DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Delayed presentation of bilateral central hip protrusio acetabuli: evidence-based management.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 1;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Zografos, Athens, Greece.

This is a case of a previously healthy 51-year-old man who sustained bilateral central hip dislocations following a sudden presentation of epileptic seizures. The patient was initially treated conservatively for a period of 9 months. On presentation, he had gross disability due to stiffness in both hips and left peroneal nerve paresis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225934DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Undiagnosed Peripheral Nerve Disease in Patients with Failed Lumbar Disc Surgery.

Asian Spine J 2018 Aug 27;12(4):720-725. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kushiro Rosai Hospital, Hokkaido, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective study (level of evidence=3).

Purpose: We examine the relationship between residual symptoms after discectomy for lumbar disc herniation and peripheral nerve (PN) neuropathy.

Overview Of Literature: Patients may report persistent or recurrent symptoms after lumbar disc herniation surgery; others fail to respond to a variety of treatments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.720DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6068418PMC
August 2018
26 Reads

Anatomical Variants of "Short Head of Biceps Femoris Muscle" Associated with Common Peroneal Neuropathy in Korean Populations : An MRI Based Study.

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2018 Jul 1;61(4):509-515. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.

Objective: In Asians, kneeling and squatting are the postures that are most often induce common peroneal neuropathy. However, we could not identify a compatible compression site of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) during hyper-flexion of knees. To evaluate the course of the CPN at the popliteal area related with compressive neuropathy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of healthy Koreans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2018.0018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6046578PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Fasudil combined with methylcobalamin or lipoic acid can improve the nerve conduction velocity in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(27):e11390

Department of Pharmacy, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Fasudil (F) plus methylcobalamin (M) or lipoic acid (L) treatment has been suggested as a therapeutic approach for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in numerous studies. However, the effect of the combined use still remains dubious.

Objective: The aim of this report was to evaluate the efficacy of F plus M or L (F + M or F + L) for the treatment of DPN compared with that of M or L monotherapy, respectively, in order to provide the basis and reference for clinical rational drug use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076121PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

External neurolysis as a treatment for foot drop secondary to weight loss: a retrospective analysis of 200 cases.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Sep 1;160(9):1847-1856. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.

Background: Peroneal nerve entrapment is the most common peripheral mononeuropathy of the lower limbs. Foot drop, a common presentation, leads to an impaired eversion and dorsiflexion of the foot. An intriguing observation is the occurrence of foot drop secondary to weight loss. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-3614-9DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Clinical Features and Surgical Treatment of Superficial Peroneal Nerve Entrapment Neuropathy.

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2018 Jul 20;58(7):320-325. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kushiro Rosai Hospital.

Superficial peroneal nerve (S-PN) entrapment neuropathy (S-PNEN) is comparatively rare and may be an elusive clinical entity. There is yet no established surgical procedure to treat idiopathic S-PNEN. We report our surgical treatment and clinical outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/nmc/58/7/58_oa.2018-003
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmc.oa.2018-0039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048352PMC
July 2018
24 Reads

Letter to the Editor re: You're the Flight Surgeon: Foot Drop: Letter.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Jun;89(6):568

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5098.2018DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Letter to the Editor re: You're the Flight Surgeon: Foot Drop: Response.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Jun;89(6):568

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5098a.2018DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

The management of dorsal peroneal nerve compression in the midfoot.

Foot (Edinb) 2018 Jun 28;35:1-4. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Great Maze Pond, London, SE1 9RT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The foot and ankle specialist will frequently encounter patients with dorsal midfoot pain in clinic. In the presence of midfoot pain and/or paraesthesia, nerve entrapment must be considered. The authors report the outcome of a case series of patients who underwent surgical release of the DPN. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2017.12.005DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Compression neuropathy of common peroneal nerve caused by a popliteal cyst: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(16):e9922

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.

Rationale: Popliteal cyst developing in the sheath of a peripheral nerve or joint capsule may cause compression neuropathy. Although popliteal cyst is very common lesion, it seldom causes serious complications. Common peroneal nerve compression is rarely caused by an extraneural popliteal cyst. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009922DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5916662PMC
April 2018
10 Reads

Role of neopterin as a biochemical marker for peripheral neuropathy in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes: Relation to nerve conduction studies.

Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Jun 6;59:68-75. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Background: Neopterin, a marker of inflammation and cellular immune response, is elevated in conditions of T-cell or macrophages activation. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is associated with inflammatory/immune processes and therefore, we hypothesized that neopterin could be used as a marker of neuropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Aim: To measure neopterin levels in children and adolescents with T1DM and assess its possible relation to DPN and nerve conduction studies (NCS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2018.03.026DOI Listing
June 2018
18 Reads

Effect of aerobic training on nerve conduction in men with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial.

Neurophysiol Clin 2018 Sep 30;48(4):195-202. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Exercise Physiology, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Exercise Physiology, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is one of the long-term complications of diabetes. Few studies have investigated the role of regular exercise on diabetic PN. We examined the effect of aerobic training on nerve conduction velocity and action potential amplitude in the lower limbs of men with type 2 diabetes and PN. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09877053173029
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2018.03.001DOI Listing
September 2018
31 Reads

Strength of Interference Screw Fixation to Cuboid vs Pulvertaft Weave to Peroneus Brevis for Tibialis Posterior Tendon Transfer for Foot Drop.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 07 27;39(7):858-864. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

1 Fortius Clinic, London, UK.

Background: Tibialis posterior (TP) tendon transfer is an effective treatment for foot drop. Currently, standard practice is to immobilize the ankle in a cast for 6 weeks nonweightbearing, risking postoperative stiffness. To assess whether early active dorsiflexion and protected weightbearing could be safe, the current study assessed tendon displacement under cyclic loading and load to failure, comparing the Pulvertaft weave (PW) to interference screw fixation (ISF) in a cadaveric foot model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1071100718762442
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100718762442DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Foot drop caused by a movable cystic mass during knee motion.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 ;31(4):667-670

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Nerve injury due to a movable cystic mass during knee motion is a rare neuropathy, which can be diagnosed precisely using a dynamic ultrasonogram.

Objective: To present a case with foot drop and common peroneal neuropathy that involved a movable cystic mass during knee flexion adjacent to the proximal tibiofibular joint.

Methods: Case report. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-170849DOI Listing
November 2018

Biomechanical Evaluation of Circumtibial and Transmembranous Routes for Posterior Tibial Tendon Transfer for Dropfoot.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 07 12;39(7):843-849. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

3 Laboratorio LIBFE, Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de los Andes, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Tibialis posterior tendon transfer is performed when loss of dorsiflexion has to be compensated. We evaluated the circumtibial (CT), above-retinaculum transmembranous (TMAR), and under-retinaculum transmembranous (TMUR) transfer gliding resistance and foot kinematics in a cadaveric foot model during ankle range of motion (ROM).

Methods: Eight cadaveric foot-ankle distal tibia specimens were dissected free of soft tissues on the proximal end, applying an equivalent force to 50% of the stance phase to every tendon, except for the Achilles tendon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100718760845DOI Listing

Bilateral Common Peroneal Nerve Entrapment After Excessive Weight Loss: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 May - Jun;57(3):632-634. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

We report a case of excessive weight loss causing bilateral common peroneal nerve entrapment in a 60-year-old patient. The bilateral peroneal involvement suggested a systemic cause. Excessive weight loss during a relatively short period can cause changes in the tissues surrounding the common peroneal nerve and lead to its entrapment in the peroneal tunnel. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10672516173063
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2017.10.035DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

You're the Flight Surgeon.

Authors:

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Feb;89(2):151-153

Patterson A, Rosenthal J. You're the flight surgeon: foot drop. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.4974.2018DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Surgical Results of Common Peroneal Nerve Neuroplasty at Lateral Fibular Neck.

World Neurosurg 2018 Apr 31;112:e465-e472. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center - Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) compressive neuropathy is the most common lower-extremity entrapment neuropathy.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained single-institution database of all patients with CPN palsy who underwent decompression and neuroplasty over a 5-year period was performed.

Results: Thirty patients underwent a neuroplasty of the CPN over a 5-year period (2010-2015) at our institution. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.061DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

Flexor Hallucis Longus Transfer for Foot Drop without Functioning Tibialis Posterior.

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2017 ;84(6):466-468

Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Prof. Adam Gruca Clinical Hospital, Otwock, Poland.

For a foot drop resulting from peroneal nerve palsy transferring the tibialis posterior tendon is a standard surgical treatment. The situation of foot drop with no functioning tibialis posterior presents a challenge. We describe a case of successful flexor hallucis longus transfer in such a case. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2018
1 Read

Irreversible Footdrop as a Consequence of Neglected Knee Pain in an Adolescent with a Peroneal Intraneural Ganglion Cyst.

World Neurosurg 2018 Mar 5;111:307-310. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, TR University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Peroneal intraneural ganglion cysts (IGCs) are nonneoplastic lesions. They are responsible for a small number of footdrop cases, which occur after additional nerve damage. The earliest patient symptom related to IGCs is knee pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.168DOI Listing
March 2018
10 Reads

Rapid neurophysiological screening for sensory ganglionopathy: A novel approach.

Brain Behav 2017 12 24;7(12):e00880. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Academic Department of Neurosciences Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Sheffield South Yorkshire UK.

Background And Aim: Pure sensory neuropathies involving the dorsal root ganglia are commonly referred to as sensory ganglionopathies (SG). Causes of SG can be inherited (as seen in Friedreich's ataxia) or acquired (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745252PMC
December 2017
9 Reads

Electrical stimulation as a conditioning strategy for promoting and accelerating peripheral nerve regeneration.

Exp Neurol 2018 04 29;302:75-84. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

The delivery of a nerve insult (a "conditioning lesion") prior to a subsequent test lesion increases the number of regenerating axons and accelerates the speed of regeneration from the test site. A major barrier to clinical translation is the lack of an ethically acceptable and clinically feasible method of conditioning that does not further damage the nerve. Conditioning electrical stimulation (CES), a non-injurious intervention, has previously been shown to improve neurite outgrowth in vitro. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2017.12.013DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Peripheral Neuropathy as a Complication of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Child with Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Type 1: A Case Report

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2018 07 8;10(3):289-293. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Clinic of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Warsaw, Poland

Neurological complications of diabetic ketoacidosis are considered to be a serious clinical problem. The most common complication is cerebral edema. However, these neurological complications also include less common entities such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis or peripheral neuropathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.5374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083477PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

Lipoic Acid Combined with Epalrestat versus Lipoic Acid in Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy:A Meta-analysis.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2017 10;39(5):656-664

The First School of Clinic Medicine,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine,Guangzhou 510405,China.

Objective To compare the clinical effectiveness of lipoic acid combined with epalrestat versus lipoic acid in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). Methods Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) and clinical controlled trials on lipoic acid versus epalrestat for DPN before February 2016 were searched through five databases:CNKI,CBM,VIP,Wanfang,and PubMed. The quality of the included trials were assessed using Cochrane software and Jadad scores. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2017.05.010DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

A Case of Polyarteritis Nodosa Presenting as Rapidly Progressing Intermittent Claudication of Right Leg.

Case Rep Med 2017 4;2017:4219718. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

National Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a medium vessel vasculitis which causes significant morbidity and mortality. Usually, it presents with constitutional symptoms with angiographic evidence of aneurysms or segmental stenosis of arteries of mesenteric or renal vasculature. It is exceedingly uncommon for PAN to present with symptomatic progressive intermittent claudication. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4219718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5646306PMC
October 2017
37 Reads

Intraneural perineuriomas: diagnostic value of magnetic resonance neurography.

J Peripher Nerv Syst 2018 Mar 7;23(1):23-28. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Neurology, Británico Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Intraneural perineurioma (IP) is an under-recognized hypertrophic peripheral nerve tumor. It affects young patients involving frequently the sciatic nerve and its branches and presents with a progressive, painless and predominantly motor deficit. Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) is a useful tool to localize the lesion, evaluate its extension, and discriminate between different etiologies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jns.12240DOI Listing
March 2018
21 Reads

Fast-tracked Rehabilitation and Return to Sport of an Elite Rugby Player with a Complicated Posterolateral Corner Injury and Associated Peroneal Paralysis.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Oct 27;2017. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Acute posterolateral corner injuries of the knee with associated hamstring avulsions and peroneal paralysis are rare in rugby. Regain of motor function following a complete paralysis is documented to be 38%. To our knowledge, only one case describes return to preinjury level of competitive sport taking up to 27 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-219666DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5665361PMC
October 2017

Low Incidence of Neurovascular Complications After Placement of Proximal Tibial Traction Pins.

Orthopedics 2017 Nov 23;40(6):e1004-e1008. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Skeletal tibial traction is a temporizing measure used preoperatively for femoral fractures to improve the length and alignment of the limb and provide pain relief. The goal of this study was to identify possible neurovascular morbidity associated with the use of bedside skeletal tibial traction to treat femur fractures. All femoral fractures treated with proximal tibial traction during a 10-year period at an urban level I trauma center were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20171012-04DOI Listing
November 2017
6 Reads

Immediate bilateral peroneal nerve palsy in a healthy null parturient after elective cesarean section.

Authors:
Chih-Kai Shih

Asian J Anesthesiol 2017 06 24;55(2):45. Epub 2017 May 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nanxiao St., Changhua City, Changhua County, 500, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aja.2017.05.003DOI Listing
June 2017
1 Read

Common Peroneal Neuropathy With Anterior Tibial Artery Occlusion: A Case Report.

Ann Rehabil Med 2017 Aug 31;41(4):715-719. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea.

Peroneal neuropathy is a common mononeuropathy of the lower limb. Some studies have reported cases of peroneal neuropathy after vascular surgery or intervention. However, no cases of peroneal neuropathy with occlusion of a single peripheral artery have been previously reported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5535/arm.2017.41.4.715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608682PMC
August 2017
12 Reads