1,581 results match your criteria Peroneal Mononeuropathy

Amelioration of lower limb pain and foot drop with 10 kHz spinal cord stimulation: A case series.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211005954

The Spine Centre of SE Georgia, Brunswick, GA, USA.

There are limited treatment options for patients with foot drop and associated lower back and/or leg pain. We present a case series of three patients who received permanent implantation of 10 kHz spinal cord stimulation (10 kHz SCS) devices. Following treatment, all patients reported sustained improvements in lower back and leg pain, foot mechanics and function which resulted in increased mobility and cessation of opioid use for pain management. Read More

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The neurophysiological lesson from the Italian CIDP database.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Dysimmune Neuropathies Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Electrophysiological diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) may be challenging. Thus, with the aim ofproviding some practical advice in electrophysiological approach to a patient with suspected CIDP, we analyzed electrophysiological data from 499 patients enrolled inthe Italian CIDP Database.

Methods: We calculated the rate of each demyelinating feature, the rate of demyelinating features per nerve, the diagnostic rate for upper andlower limb nerves, and, using a ROC curve analysis, the diagnostic accuracy of each couple of nerves and each demyelinating feature, for every CIDP subtype. Read More

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COVID-19 Proned Ventilation and Its Possible Association With Foot Drop: A Case Series.

Cureus 2021 Apr 8;13(4):e14374. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, USA.

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is known to lead to the complicated sequelae of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. Proning has been used as an adjunctive treatment to improve oxygenation in both ventilated and non-ventilated patients. Although patients respond well to this strategy, complications from this arise as well. Read More

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Manual Acupuncture or Combination with Vitamin B to Treat Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Biomed Res Int 2020 21;2020:4809125. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, China.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials on manual acupuncture treatment of DPN were retrieved from the Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP databases. Extracted research data were summarized in the tables, and methodological assessment was performed using the risk-of-bias assessment tool of Cochrane. Meta-analysis was performed by Revman 5. Read More

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Cross-sectional area reference values for high-resolution ultrasonography of the upper extremity nerves in healthy Asian adults.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25812

Department of Neurology, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract: In this study, multiple-site, cross-sectional area (CSA) reference values were established for major peripheral nerves, including small branches, in the upper extremity of a healthy Asian population.This study included 107 prospectively recruited age-matched, healthy subjects with a mean age of 46 years (range, 24-75 years). All subjects underwent standardized nerve conduction studies for the median, ulnar, peroneal, posterior tibial, and sural nerves. Read More

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Lumbosacral plexopathy due to pelvic hematoma after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(17):e25698

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO.

Rationale: Peripheral nerve injury related to vascular complications associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is perhaps underappreciated. Compared to the well-described central nervous system complications of ECMO, brachial plexopathy and lumbosacral plexopathy have rarely been reported. We report this case to heighten awareness of lumbosacral plexus injury due to pelvic hematoma formation after ECMO. Read More

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Intra-articular entrapment of an avulsed common peroneal nerve following atypical knee fracture-dislocation.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 26;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Galway, HSE West, Galway, Ireland.

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Painless foot drop: an unusual acute presentation of new onset type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Mar 16;2021. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation trust, London, UK and School of Cardiovascular Medicine and Sciences, King's College London UK.

Summary: A 26-year-old Caucasian female with no past medical history or family history of auto-immune disease presented to the emergency department with new onset painless left foot drop. A panel of blood tests revealed blood glucose of 49.9 mmol/L and raised blood ketone levels. Read More

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A Rare Case of Tibial Intraneural Ganglion Cyst Arising From the Tibiofibular Joint.

Cureus 2021 Feb 26;13(2):e13570. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Family Medicine, Des Moines University, Des Moines, USA.

Intraneural ganglion cysts are a rare occurrence. They are most commonly found originating from the common peroneal nerve but are also frequently reported on the radial, ulnar, median, sciatic, tibial, and posterior interosseous nerves. A typical clinical presentation is posterior knee and calf pain resulting from tibial neuropathy with preferential degeneration of the popliteus muscle. Read More

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February 2021

Comparing soleus injections and gastrocnemius injections of botulinum toxin for treating adult spastic foot drop: a monocentric observational study.

J Int Med Res 2021 Mar;49(3):300060521998208

Department of Neurology, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Objective: Outcome differences between selective abobotulinumtoxin type A (aboBoNT/A) injections into the soleus (SOL) and gastrocnemius (GAS) muscles were investigated in post-stroke patients with spastic foot drop.

Methods: A monocentric observational study was conducted at a university hospital botulinum toxin clinic including 24 free-walking adult, botulinum toxin-naive patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. AboBoNT/A (800 MU in 4 mL saline) was injected into the SOL or GAS muscle under electromyographic guidance. Read More

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Bilateral common peroneal neuropathy due to rapid and marked weight loss after biliary surgery: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Mar;9(8):1909-1915

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju 28644, South Korea.

Background: The causes of peroneal neuropathy are various, but are rarely due to weight loss. Bilateral peroneal neuropathy caused by weight loss after surgery has been reported only after bariatric surgery and there were no reports associated with other abdominal surgery. In this report, we describe a case of the bilateral peroneal neuropathy that occurred due to marked weight loss after biliary surgery. Read More

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High resolution ultrasonography of peripheral nerves in diabetic patients to evaluate nerve cross sectional area with clinical profile.

Br J Radiol 2021 May 18;94(1121):20200173. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Endocrinology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Objectives: The aim of this observational study was ultrasound evaluation of peripheral nerves cross-sectional area (CSA) in subjects with probable diabetic peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy (DPN). CSA was analyzed with reference to clinical and nerve conduction study's (NCS) parameters for early diagnosis and pattern of involvement.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with probable DPN due to Type 2 diabetes and 50 age-matched healthy controls underwent sonographic examinations of ulnar nerve at the lower arm, median nerve proximal to carpal tunnel, the common peroneal nerve proximal to fibular head, tibial nerve proximal to the tarsal tunnel, and sural nerve at lower third leg. Read More

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A novel PMP22 insertion mutation causing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 3: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(11):e25163

Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, China.

Rationale: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a group of hereditary neuropathies with clinical features of muscle atrophy, sensory loss, and foot deformities. CMT is related to a number of genes, such as peripheral myelin protein 22 gene (PMP22). Missense mutations, small deletion mutations, and duplications of PMP22 are common in CMT patients, but few insertion mutation cases of PMP22 have been reported. Read More

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Functional Electrical Stimulation for Foot Drop in Post-Stroke People: Quantitative Effects on Step-to-Step Symmetry of Gait Using a Wearable Inertial Sensor.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jan 29;21(3). Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Rehabilitation Sciences Graduate Program, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre 90050-170, Brazil.

The main purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of foot drop stimulators (FDS) in individuals with stroke by means of spatio-temporal and step-to-step symmetry, harmonic ratio (HR), parameters obtained from trunk accelerations acquired using a wearable inertial sensor. Thirty-two patients (age: 56.84 ± 9. Read More

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January 2021

Acute bilateral foot drop with or without cauda equina syndrome-a case series.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2021 04 7;163(4):1191-1198. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Introduction: Isolated acute bilateral foot drop due to degenerative spine disease is an extremely rare neurosurgical presentation, whilst the literature is rich with accounts of chronic bilateral foot drop occurring as a sequela of systemic illnesses. We present, to our knowledge, the largest case series of acute bilateral foot drop, with trauma and relevant systemic illness excluded.

Methods: Data from three different centres had been collected at the time of historic treatment, and records were subsequently reviewed retrospectively, documenting the clinical presentation, radiological level of compression, timing of surgery, and degree of neurological recovery. Read More

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Salviae miltiorrhizae and ligustrazine hydrochloride injection combined with mecobalamin for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(3):e24103

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: Currently, it is unclear whether the salviae miltiorrhizae (Danshen Salvia) and ligustrazine hydrochloride (Chuanxiong Chuanxiong) (SMLH) injection combined with mecobalamin can improve diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). We conducted a systematic analysis to evaluate the clinical effects of SMLH injection combined with mecobalamin for treating DPN.

Methods: Seven databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang Database (Wang Fang), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) were searched for systematic literature retrieval. Read More

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January 2021

Superficial peroneal nerve neuroma after syndesmotic stabilisation surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, Galway University Hospitals, Galway, Ireland.

The ankle is a region crowded with multiple neurovascular and musculotendinous structures. We describe a case of a rare neurological complication following ankle surgery. Read More

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February 2021

Ultrasound examination and guidance for sudden non-traumatic drop foot.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 Apr 20;57(2):312-314. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hospital of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal.

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Foot drop post body contouring surgery: The cost of a six-pack?

Neurosciences (Riyadh) 2020 10;25(5):421-422

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital, Andalous, Kuwait.

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October 2020

Low Back Pain and Foot Drop Associated with Dog Tapeworm Infection.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 01;104(1)

2Department of Neuroradiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

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January 2021

Ultrasound-guided treatment of common peroneal neuropathy caused by Baker's cyst: a clinical note - A case report.

Anesth Pain Med (Seoul) 2020 Apr 6;15(2):199-204. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Baker's cysts are usually located in the posteromedial side of the knee and seldom cause neuropathy.

Case: We describe the rare case of a 57-year-old woman with a popliteal cyst who presented with limping gait and pain in her lower leg. She was electronically diagnosed with common peroneal neuropathy and transferred to our pain clinic. Read More

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Performance analysis of noninvasive electrophysiological methods for the assessment of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy in clinical research: a systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis.

Sci Rep 2020 12 10;10(1):21770. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Qatar University, 2713, Doha, Qatar.

Despite the availability of various clinical trials that used different diagnostic methods to identify diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN), no reliable studies that prove the associations among diagnostic parameters from two different methods are available. Statistically significant diagnostic parameters from various methods can help determine if two different methods can be incorporated together for diagnosing DSPN. In this study, a systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis (TSA) were performed to determine the associations among the different parameters from the most commonly used electrophysiological screening methods in clinical research for DSPN, namely, nerve conduction study (NCS), corneal confocal microscopy (CCM), and electromyography (EMG), for different experimental groups. Read More

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December 2020

The efficiency of mirror therapy on drop foot in Multiple Sclerosis Patients.

Acta Neurol Scand 2021 May 14;143(5):545-553. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Neurology, Medical School of Cerrahpasa, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Although the effectiveness of mirror therapy (MT) has been proved in stroke persons, there is no scientific evidence about the results in people with multiple sclerosis. The aim was to investigate whether adding MT to exercise training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has any effect on clinical measurements, mobility, and functionality in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods: Ambulatory people with MS, with unilateral drop foot, were included. Read More

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[Relationship between fabella and posterolateral knee pain and common peroneal nerve injury].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2020 Nov;33(11):1071-5

Department of Joint Surgery, No.3201 Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Hanzhong 723000, Shaanxi, China.

Objective: To analyze the incidence and characteristics of fabella in the Chinese population and its correlation with pain in the posterolateral region of the knee joint and common peroneal nerve palsy.

Methods: Total 732 patients including 405 males(450 knees) and 327 females(383 knees) who underwent unilateral or bilateral knee MR imaging from September 2015 to July 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. The basic information of all patients was extracted from the hospital's his system. Read More

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November 2020

Trends and Technologies in Rehabilitation of Foot Drop: A Systematic Review.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2021 Jan 28;18(1):31-46. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, College of Information Technology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE.

Introduction: Foot Drop (FD) is a condition, which is very commonly found in post-stoke patients; however it can also be seen in patients with multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy. It is a sign of neuromuscular damage caused by the weakness of the muscles. There are various approaches of FD's rehabilitation, such as physiotherapy, surgery, and the use of technological devices. Read More

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January 2021

[Orthopedic services as a tool of medical rehabilitation of patients with foot drop syndrome].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2020 ;120(10):91-99

Albrecht Federal Scientific Center of Rehabilitation Disabled, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Objective: To study the features of the rehabilitation of patients with foot drop syndrome and to develop recommendations for the appointment of technical means of rehabilitation (TMR) for this pathology.

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of the survey data of 375 patients in need of lower limb orthosis was carried out. General clinical and biomechanical methods were used to study the disturbances of statodynamic function of the musculoskeletal system. Read More

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November 2020

Proximal fibular nerve conduction studies to tibialis anterior: Optimal E2 (reference electrode) placement.

Timothy J Day

Muscle Nerve 2021 03 15;63(3):344-350. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Several E2 (reference electrode) positions are described for fibular (peroneal) nerve conduction studies to tibialis anterior (TA).

Methods: This study compared the contribution of different E2 sites to the TA motor response, using remote referential recordings and different bipolar montages.

Results: The medial knee contributes minimal electrical activity to the bipolar TA recordings, whereas tibial, ankle, and toe references resulted in very similar, moderate amplitude contributions consistent with far field potentials. Read More

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Bilateral foot drop and cherry skin lesion.

Eur J Intern Med 2021 Jan 21;83:82-83. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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January 2021

Evaluation and Treatment of Foot Drop Using Nerve Transfer Techniques.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2021 Jan;38(1):83-98

SpineTech, Brain and Spine Center of Southeast Texas, 111 Vision Park Boulevard, Shenandoah, TX 77384, USA.

Foot drop represents a complex pathologic condition, requiring a multidisciplinary approach for appropriate evaluation and treatment. Multiple etiologic factors require recognition before considering invasive/operative intervention. When considering surgical management for the treatment of foot drop, it is first and foremost imperative to establish the cause of the condition. Read More

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January 2021