146,671 results match your criteria Peritoneal Dialysis International[Journal]
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background: The impact of hybrid therapy comprising peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis on cardiovascular events in PD patients remains unclear.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effect of hybrid therapy on cardiovascular events.
Methods: A total of 93 PD patients undergoing hybrid therapy for ≥3 years were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): lower ejection fraction (LEF [n = 29], LVEF < 60%) and normal ejection fraction (NEF [n = 64], LVEF ≥60%). Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Weltenmacher GmbH, VR Training-Application, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Background/aim: Peritonitis rates in peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary considerably not only across countries but also between centers in the same country. Patient education has been shown to significantly reduce infection rates but up till now training lacks standardization with patients being trained using different methods and media (e.g. Read More
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):364-370. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Secretaría de Salud, Hospital General de México “Dr. Eduardo Liceaga”, Unidad de Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. Ciudad de México, México
Background: Tuberculosis is a public health problem, extrapulmonary presentations have increased, it is difficult to diagnose because of the low bacillary load.
Objective: To identify risk factors and to evaluate the efficiency of diagnostic methods in pleural, meningeal, peritoneal and pericardial tuberculosis.
Methods: Prospective study of cases and controls. Read More
Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):103-114
Department of Experimental and Clinical Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kraków, Poland.
Inguinal hernia repairs are one of the most common procedures performed in general surgical departments. Approximately 20 million hernia repairs are performed annually all over the world. According to the EHS guidelines, the recommended treatment methods of the inguinal hernia are tension-free techniques: the Lichtenstein open hernia repair and the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) methods. Read More
J Fish Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is one of the most important pathogens affecting cultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Recent information from UK salmonid farms showed country-wide distribution of genetically and serologically divergent clones, which has hampered the development of a vaccine for rainbow trout fry syndrome. The current study assessed the efficacy of an injectable polyvalent vaccine containing formalin-inactivated F. Read More
Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.
Background: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a diagnostically challenging entity in cytology specimens due to the lack of architectural context and a cytomorphologic overlap between malignant and reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs). A diagnostic marker with excellent specificity is not currently available in clinical practice. The newly appreciated BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) antibody may help distinguish MM from RMC based on its immunohistochemical (IHC) staining pattern but its role in cytopathology is controversial. Read More
Inflammopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Pharmacology and Toxicology Lab, Food and Nutraceutical Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, HP, 176061, India.
Although Berberis plant species have been advocated as immune modulators, information regarding their mechanism(s) of action is limited. Therefore, in the present study we assessed the efficacy of Berberis lycium Royle fruit extract (BLFE) in the attenuation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced oxi-inflammatory aggravation and concanavalin A (Con-A)-induced proliferation in murine peritoneal macrophages and lymphocytes, respectively. BLFE strongly suppressed production of the oxidative and inflammatory effector molecules nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α/IL-6/IL-1β/IFN-γ) as well as chemokines (MCP-1 and RANTES), with a concomitant enhancement in heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and IL-10 levels. Read More
Cureus 2018 Sep 28;10(9):e3383. Epub 2018 Sep 28.
Neurosurgery, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, USA.
Arachnoid cysts (ACs) are congenital, extra-axial lesions containing fluid similar to the composition of cerebrospinal fluid. Usually found incidentally, these lesions are observed with serial imaging to document their growth patterns and stability, and are then followed conservatively until clinical symptoms develop. Surgical options for symptomatic arachnoid cysts include cyst aspiration, cyst evacuation with fenestration into the subarachnoid space, and shunt procedures including cysto-peritoneal and cysto-ventricular shunts. Read More
Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00391. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Medical Oncology Izumi City General Hospital Izumi Japan.
Porous diaphragm syndrome describes a defect in the diaphragm in which substances pass from the peritoneal cavity to the pleural space. Defects may be congenital or acquired. Acquired defects are caused by the thinning and eventual splitting of collagen fibres in the tendinous part of the diaphragm. Read More
J Cancer 2018 20;9(23):4301-4305. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California Irvine (UCI), California, USA.
This study was performed to compare the impact of doxorubicin vs. liposomal doxorubicin on penetration depth in peritoneal tissue during Pressurized Intra-Peritoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC) via microcatheter (MC). Fresh post mortem swine peritoneum was cut into proportional sections. Read More
J Cancer 2018 20;9(22):4197-4203. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310022, China.
Whether metastasectomy improves prognosis of gastric cancer patients with ovarian metastases (Krukenberg tumors) is not clear. In this study, we examined the survival benefit of metastasectomy combined with chemotherapy for treatment of synchronous Krukenberg tumors from gastric cancer and identified the prognostic factors. The subjects of this study were patients diagnosed as synchronous Krukenberg tumors of gastric origin in the period between December 2004 and December 2015. Read More
J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis 2018 29;24:35. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
1Laboratório de Bioquímica de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCUZ, Av. Brasil, 4365, Pavilhao Leonidas Deane, sala 405A, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21040-900 Brazil.
Background: Despite the development of new therapies for leishmaniasis, among the 200 countries or territories reporting to the WHO, 87 were identified as endemic for Tegumentary Leishmaniasis and 75 as endemic for Visceral Leishmaniasis. The identification of antileishmanial drug candidates is essential to fill the drug discovery pipeline for leishmaniasis. In the hit molecule LQB-118 selected, the first generation of pterocarpanquinones was effective and safe against experimental visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis via oral delivery. Read More
Int J Nanomedicine 2018 9;13:7363-7374. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Background: The aim of this study was to prepare curcumin nanoemulsion (CR-NE) to solve the problems associated with poor water solubility and low bioavailability of CR and to test its efficiency in the treatment of acute and chronic toxoplasmosis in mouse models.
Materials And Methods: CR-NE 1% was prepared using spontaneous emulsification by soybean as oil phase; a mixture of Tween 80 and Tween 85 as surfactant; ethanol as cosurfactant and distilled water. Particle size and zeta potential of NE were assessed using Nano-ZS90 dynamic light scattering. Read More
Molecules 2018 Dec 4;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Departamento de Farmacología, Farmacognosia y Botánica. Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n. 28040 Madrid, Spain.
A series of nine derivatives (⁻) were prepared from the diterpene solidagenone () and their structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic studies. Their ability to inhibit inflammatory responses elicited in peritoneal macrophages by TLR ligands was investigated. Compounds and showed significant anti-inflammatory effects, as they inhibited the protein expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and cytokine production (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12) induced by the ligand of TLR4, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), acting at the transcriptional level. Read More
Acta Biochim Pol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Poland.
Cardiovascular (CVS) morbidity and mortality in the peritoneal dialysis patients (PD) is 10-30-fold higher than in the general population. A relatively low level of adiponectin and a higher level of leptin are important predictors of vascular complications as well as CVS events in PD patients. The asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is an important risk factor of CVS morbidity and mortality. Read More
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec;3(12):865-873
Division of Cancer Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Manchester Cancer Research Centre and National Institute for Health Research, Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Colorectal and Peritoneal Oncology Centre, Christie National Health Service Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.
Chemoradiotherapy is the primary treatment for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, but variations in the reported outcomes have restricted between-study comparisons. Treatment-related morbidity is considerable; however, no trial has comprehensively quantified long-term side-effects or quality of life. Therefore, we established the first international health-care professional and patient consensus to develop a core outcome set, using the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials method. Read More
J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Aim: To determine the prevalence of fallopian tube high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) and to analyze the benefit of the sectioning and extensively examining the fimbriated end (SEE-FIM) protocol.
Methods: Fallopian tubes from 450 patients with risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, or tumor of the ovary, endometrium, fallopian tube or peritoneum were examined using the SEE-FIM protocol. Microscopic tubal pathology and the number of paraffin blocks used were evaluated. Read More
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;21(11):1223-1229
Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
Both malignant tumors derived from gastrointestinal tract and metastasis from peritoneal spread, hematogenous dissemination and lymph node can lead to acute abdomen. Such acute abdomen patients have poor prognosis, high mortality, and complex clinical manifestations. It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis in clinical practice. Read More
Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University of Tübingen, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.
Purpose: Documentation of cellularity in Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is not performed on a regular basis in everyday clinical practice, but is recommended by the PSOGI (Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International). We investigated the impact of cellularity in PMP following cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) on recurrence-free survival.
Methods: Data from 25 patients with low-grade (American Joint Committee on Cancer grade G1) PMP were retrospectively evaluated. Read More
Clin Exp Nephrol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Carol and Richard Yu Peritoneal Dialysis Research Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China.
Background: Peritoneal protein clearance has been suggested to be a marker of peritoneal inflammation and systemic endothelial dysfunction.
Methods: We enrolled 711 consecutive incident PD patients. Baseline peritoneal protein clearance and other clinical information were reviewed. Read More
Int J Clin Oncol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Gynecology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center, Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8677, Japan.
Background: Lymphopenia is associated with poor outcomes in patients with various cancers, but little is known about the prognostic impact of lymphopenia in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) after induction chemotherapy (IC). This study investigated the prognostic significance of pre- and post-IC lymphopenia in patients with advanced EOC.
Methods: We reviewed medical records of 68 patients with stage III/IV ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer treated with IC at our institution between 2009 and 2017. Read More
Hernia 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust, Lancaster, UK.
Introduction: In a single centre evaluation of a novel hernia repair device, 200 consecutive patients underwent 247 laparoscopic (TAPP) groin hernia repairs (47 bilateral) using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Liquiband®Fix8™) for mesh fixation and peritoneal closure over a 2-year period by a single experienced laparoscopic surgeon.
Patients And Methods: All groin hernia patients requiring TAPP repair were included in the study: Inguinal 142, Femoral 14, Spigelian 4, and Inguinal disruption 40. A retrospective review of the data was performed. Read More
Hernia 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Biotube Co., Ltd, 2-13-11 Shinkawa, Chuo, Tokyo, 104-0033, Japan.
Purpose: We evaluated the usefulness of biosheet, an in-body tissue-engineered collagenous membrane, as a novel repair material for abdominal wall defects in a beagle model.
Methods: Biosheets were prepared by embedding molds into subcutaneous pouches in two beagle dogs for 2 months, with subsequent storage in 70% ethanol. The obtained biosheets (thickness 0. Read More
Bio Protoc 2018 Nov;8(21)
Division of Immunology & Pathogenesis, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
Activation of inflammasomes in peritoneal macrophages and intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) leads to the release of eicosanoids. To assess the amount of eicosanoids released by IEC, lipids need to be isolated from whole tissue previous to analysis by lipid mass spectrometry or ELISA. This protocol describes how to isolate lipids from intestinal tissue for analysis by PGE-ELISA and normalize to tissue protein content. Read More
Ann Surg Treat Res 2018 Dec 26;95(6):303-311. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: OncoHepa test is a multigene expression profile test developed for assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis. Multiplication of α-FP, des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) and tumor volume (TV) gives the α-FP-DCP-volume (ADV) score, which is also developed for assessment of HCC prognosis.
Methods: The predictive powers of OncoHepa test and ADV score were validated in 35 patients who underwent curative hepatic resection for naïve solitary HCCs ≤5 cm. Read More
Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 9;36:168-172. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
UCL Medical School, UCL, Research Department of Medical Education, Room GF/664, Royal Free Campus, Hampstead, London, NW3 2PR, UK.
Background: Appendicitis is a medical condition that causes painful inflammation of the appendix. For acute appendicitis, appendectomy is immediately required as any delay may lead to serious complications such as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis with or without localized abscess formation. Patients who had appendectomy for complicated appendicitis are more prone to develop post-operative complications such as peritoneal abscess or wound infection. Read More
Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 Nov 30;43(6):1813-1821. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Kidney Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.
Background/aims: Hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an important renal replacement method in patients with delayed graft function (DGF) after kidney transplantation; however, it is not clear which dialysis modality is superior. This study determined the impact of different dialysis modalities on patients with DGF.
Methods: It was a single-center, retrospective and descriptive study. Read More
Biol Pharm Bull 2018 ;41(12):1843-1852
Physical Chemistry for Life Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University.
Ulcerative colitis is characterized by colonic mucosal bleeding and ulceration, often with repeated active and remission stages. One factor in ulcerative colitis development is increased susceptibility to commensal bacteria and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS activates macrophages to release nitric oxide (NO) through Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. Read More
Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6869-6875
Department of Surgical Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite, France.
Background/aim: Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is a recent approach for intraperitoneal chemotherapy with promising results for patients with peritoneal metastasis (PM). The aim of this study was to report renal toxicity for patients who received at least 3 repeated PIPAC procedures.
Patients And Methods: All patients who underwent at least 3 PIPAC cycles of cisplatin (7. Read More
Gynecol Oncol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Pathology, Division of Women's and Perinatal Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, United States of America. Electronic address:
Most ovarian carcinomas are high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSC) that contain TP53 mutations, present at advanced stage, and eventually become resistant to chemotherapy. The rapid evolution of this disease has been attributed to an origin in the distal fallopian tube, in the form of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs). This has led to a disease model where malignancy develops first in the tube and spreads to the peritoneum or regional lymph nodes. Read More
Value Health Reg Issues 2018 Nov 28;18:59-64. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Objectives: To compare the utility scores derived from the 5-level EuroQol 5-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L), the visual analogue scale (VAS), and the 6-dimensional health state short form (SF-6D) in Thai patients on peritoneal dialysis.
Methods: Data were obtained from the 36-Item Kidney Disease Quality of Life questionnaire and the EuroQol questionnaires (EQ-5D-5L and VAS) via face-to-face interview for 64 patients on peritoneal dialysis. We compared the ceiling effect of all the utility tools by calculating the proportion at the highest scores. Read More
J Surg Res 2019 Jan 8;233:360-367. Epub 2018 Sep 8.
Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; Department of Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address:
Background: Predictive models for nonhome discharge (NHD) have been proposed in major surgical specialties. The rates and risk factors associated with NHD and prolonged length of stay (PLOS) after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) have not been evaluated. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for NHD and PLOS after CRS/HIPEC in a national cohort of patients. Read More
J Surg Res 2019 Jan 5;233:310-322. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Electronic address:
Background: Reproduction of the perfusion used in therapy (hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy) procedures preclinically represents a valuable asset for investigating new therapeutic agents that may improve patient outcomes. This article provides technical descriptions of our execution of closed and open "coliseum" abdominal perfusion techniques in a mouse model of peritoneal carcinomatosis of colorectal cancer.
Materials And Methods: BALB/c mice presenting with disseminated colorectal cancer (CT26-luciferin cells) underwent 30-min perfusions mimicking either the closed perfusion or the coliseum perfusion technique. Read More
Eur J Surg Oncol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology, CHU Saint Louis, APHP, Denis Diderot University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:
Introduction: Data are lacking with regard to curative resection of metastasis from small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). This study evaluated outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with curatively resected metastatic SBA.
Methods: A series of 34 patients undergoing resection of metastatic SBA from January 2009 to November 2014 at French centers were included into this cohort study. Read More
Intern Med J 2018 Dec;48(12):1524-1528
Palliative Care Services, Counties Manukau District Health Board, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.
Large volume paracentesis is effective in relieving the symptoms of malignant ascites, but frequent procedures are often required. Permanent peritoneal ports are an alternative to repeated procedures. We describe our experience with the use of peritoneal ports in patients at Middlemore Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand) who had a port inserted for the drainage of malignant ascites. Read More
Intern Med J 2018 Dec;48(12):1544-1546
Department of Nephrology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Changzhou, China.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 2018 Jul-Sep;35(3):523-526
Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara. Lima, Perú.
Fusarium species are a group of fungi that cause superficial infections, locally invasive and disseminated disease, which occur mainly in immunocompromised hosts, and occasionally in immunocompetent individuals. We present three cases that show three different clinical forms of Fusarium spp. disease that affected different types of patients (patients with hematological malignancy, chronic kidney disease in peritoneal dialysis and post-surgical for osteoarticular pathology), each with its own characteristics that merit discussion. Read More
Biomarkers 2018 Dec 5:1-23. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
a Department of Pediatric Nephrology , Wrocław Medical University , Poland.
Context: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by immunocompetent cell migration and inflammation. Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) stimulate monocyte migration and transition into macrophages, with subsequent release of neopterin.
Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze these parameters in children with various stages of CKD. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Nephrology, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.
Peritoneal fibrosis remains to be one of the most severe causes of failure in continuous peritoneal dialysis. The current study cultured peritoneal mesothelial cells in high glucose to stimulate the environment of peritoneal fibrosis model in rats, and investigate whether microRNA-21 (miR-21) targeting Sprouty-1 affects high glucose-induced fibrosis in peritoneal mesothelial cells via the rennin angiotensin system (Ras)-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, as well as potential mechanisms. Peritoneal tissues in fibrosis rats were collected to extract peritoneal mesothelial cells, which, after in vitro culture, were transfected with a series of mimic or inhibitor of miR-21, or the small interfering RNA (siRNA) against Sprouty-1. Read More
Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Ciftlikkoy, Yenisehir, Mersin, Turkey.
Purpose: Living with end-stage renal disease may be burdensome, not only for patients, but also for caregivers. In this study, we aim to compare caregiver burden, psychological symptoms in caregivers of peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and transplantation (TX), and find out associated factors.
Methods: A total of 43 PD, 42 HD, 42 TX patients and a total of 127 caregivers that were actively involved with the care of their patients' dialysis were enrolled. Read More
Ann Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA.
Background: Recent data have demonstrated multiple benefits of intra- and postoperative fluid restriction in major abdominal surgery; however, data regarding the outcomes of fluid restriction in cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (CRS/HIPEC) are limited. This study evaluates the safety and short-term clinical outcomes of restricted intraoperative fluid therapy in CRS/HIPEC.
Methods: This was a single-institution, retrospective review of all CRS/HIPEC procedures performed at the University of Massachusetts Medical School between January 2009 and July 2017. Read More
Front Pharmacol 2018 20;9:1327. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Intimal hyperplasia remains a significant clinical problem in for example coronary artery bypass graft failure. Since omega-3 fatty acids reduce intimal hyperplasia, we hypothesized that the G protein-coupled receptor ChemR23 for the omega-3-derived pro-resolving lipid mediator resolvin E1 drives those effects. ChemR23 and ChemR23 mice were generated with or without introduction of the transgene, which leads to an endogenous omega-3 fatty acid synthesis and thus increasing the substrate for resolvin E1 formation. Read More
World J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 4;16(1):232. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
Background: Perforated colon cancer is a rare complication, but has a high risk of recurrence. However, most studies have not distinguished sealed-off perforation from free perforation, and the prognosis is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oncologic outcome of colon cancer with sealed-off perforation. Read More
Rev Recent Clin Trials 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Oncology Department - Poliambulanza Foundation, Brescia. Italy.
Background: Malignant pleural effusion, which is a common clinical problem in patients with cancer, may be due to both primary thoracic tumours or to a metastatic spread in the chest and constitutes the first sign of disease in approximately 10% of patients. Almost all cancers can potentially produce a pleural effusion. The presence of malignant tumour cells in the pleural fluid is generally indicative of advanced disease and is associated with high morbidity and mortality with reduced therapeutic options. Read More
Reprod Sci 2018 Dec 4:1933719118811643. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany.
Claudins are the major components of tight junctions and are often deregulated in human cancer, permitting escape of cancer cells along with the acquisition of invasive properties. Similarly, endometrial cells also show invasive capabilities; however, the role of tight junctions in endometriosis has only rarely been examined. In this study, we analyzed the protein expression and localization of claudin-7 and claudin-11 in human eutopic and ectopic endometrium and endometrial cell lines. Read More
Int J Radiat Biol 2018 Dec 4:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
h Cascade Scientific, Inc ., Bend , OR 97703.
Background: During the Cold War the United States (U.S.) conducted 230 above-ground atmospheric nuclear weapons tests between 1945 and 1962 at the Nevada Test Site and the Pacific Proving Grounds. Read More
Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(23):2785-2791
Department of Nephrology, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Chinese People's Liberation Army Institute of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases (2011DAV00088), National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Beijing 100853, China.
Background: Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) can cater to individual needs, provide treatment while asleep, take into account the adequacy of dialysis, and improve the quality of life. Currently, independent research and development of APD machines made in China are more conducive to patients. A randomized, multicenter, crossover study was conducted by comparing an APD machine made in China with an imported machine. Read More
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite, France.
Background: Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) shows encouraging results for patients with unresectable peritoneal metastasis. Several reports demonstrated the safety of the procedure combined with systemic chemotherapy, with a low rate of complication. The aim of this study is to report severe hypersensitivity reactions to platinum compounds (SHRPC) during PIPAC procedures. Read More
Hernia 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Dongnam-ro 892, Gangdong-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
Introduction: Laparoscopic total extraperitoneal peritoneal (TEP) repair has become increasingly popular since its introduction. The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and feasibility of TEP in elderly patients compared to that in younger patients.
Methods: The clinical records of patients who received TEP hernia repair from August 2007 to September 2016 were reviewed. Read More