4,635 results match your criteria Peritoneal Dialysis International[Journal]


CLINICAL VALUE OF SCREENING PERITONEAL DIALYSIS PATIENTS FOR BACTERIAL COLONIZATION OR CONTAMINATION.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Renal Medicine and Transplantation, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Introduction: The adoption of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis guideline of using mupirocin ointment has been limited by fear of developing mupirocin-resistant organisms. We performed a surveillance program of a large peritoneal dialysis (PD) unit.

Methods: We performed 1,175 surveillance swabs from anterior nares, PD catheter exit site, groin, and axilla, from 240 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00082DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

THE ASSOCIATION OF FUNCTIONAL STATUS WITH MORTALITY AND DIALYSIS MODALITY CHANGE: RESULTS FROM THE PERITONEAL DIALYSIS OUTCOMES AND PRACTICE PATTERNS STUDY (PDOPPS).

Perit Dial Int 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Nephrology , St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Background: Little is known about the prevalence of functional impairment in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, its variation by country, and its association with mortality or transfer to hemodialysis.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in PD patients from 7 countries in the Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (PDOPPS) (2014 - 2017). Functional status (FS) was assessed by combining self-reports of 8 instrumental and 5 basic activities of daily living, using the Lawton-Brody and the Katz questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00094DOI Listing
February 2019

Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis from Carbapenemase-Producing with OXA-48 Type Gene.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):97-98

National University Hospital - Medicine, (Division of Nephrology), Singapore

We report a rare case of carbapenemase-producing enterobacte-riaceae peritonitis in a patient undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). The PD catheter had to be removed as the patient remained unwell despite antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance in PD peritonitis is a concern in this era of multi-drug resistant bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00234DOI Listing
January 2019

Laparoscopic Mesh Repair of Bilateral Obturator Hernias Post-Peritoneal Dialysis.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):95-97

St. Paul's Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abdominal wall hernias are prevalent in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Obturator hernias, first described by Arnaud de Ronsil in 1724, are an uncommon type of hernia where intra-abdominal contents protrude through the obturator foramen. The following case highlights a rare presentation of bilateral obturator hernias with right femoral and inguinal hernia in an 82-year-old woman post-PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00203DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

: An Outbreak in the Peritoneal Dialysis Unit.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):92-95

Department of Renal Medicine, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

is a ubiquitous, opportunistic, environmental gram-negative bacillus which most commonly affects cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients. Rarely, it can cause peritoneal dialysis (PD) exit-site infection (ESI). Information relating to predisposing factors, clinical course, and treatment options for ESIs is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00095DOI Listing
January 2019

Increase of Eosinophil in Dialysate During Induction of Peritoneal Dialysis.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):90-92

Nephrology, Nagoya University Postgraduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

As a rare complication in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), increase of eosinophil (peritoneal dialysate fluid [PDF] eosinophilia), including eosinophilic peritonitis, was observed in PDF. The majority of eosinophilic peritonitis cases are detected during the early phase of PD induction. However, the frequency of and mechanisms underlying PDF eosinophilia remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00205DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Importance of Context to Interpretation of Dialysis Access Patterns: Insights from the UK Renal Registry Data Set.

Authors:
Barny Hole

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):19-24

University of Bristol and UK Renal Registry, Bristol, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00124DOI Listing
January 2019

Transition Between Different Renal Replacement Modalities: Gaps in Knowledge and Care-The Integrated Research Initiative.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):4-12

Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium

Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) have different options to replace the function of their failing kidneys. The "integrated care" model considers treatment pathways rather than individual renal replacement therapy (RRT) techniques. In such a paradigm, the optimal strategy to plan and enact transitions between the different modalities is very relevant, but so far, only limited data on transitions have been published. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00242DOI Listing
November 2017
2.199 Impact Factor

Transition-The Process of Changing from One State to Another.

Authors:
Martin Wilkie

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00210DOI Listing
January 2019

LONGITUDINAL TRENDS IN QUALITY OF LIFE AND PHYSICAL FUNCTION IN FRAIL OLDER DIALYSIS PATIENTS: A COMPARISON OF ASSISTED PERITONEAL DIALYSIS AND IN-CENTER HEMODIALYSIS.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Renal Unit, Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background: In-center hemodialysis (HD) has been the standard treatment for older dialysis patients, but reports suggest an associated decline in physical and cognitive function. Cross-sectional data suggest that assisted peritoneal dialysis (aPD), an alternative treatment, is associated with quality of life (QoL) outcomes that are comparable to in-center HD. We compared longitudinal changes in QoL between modalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00086DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

FLUID TONICITY AFFECTS PERITONEAL CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED BY 3-PORE MODEL.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Modeling and Supporting of Internal Organs Functions , Nalecz Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: It is typically assumed that within short timeframes, patient-specific peritoneal membrane characteristics are constant and do not depend on the initial fluid tonicity and dwell duration. The aim of this study was to check whether this assumption holds when membrane properties are estimated using the 3-pore model (3PM).

Methods: Thirty-two stable peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients underwent 3 8-hour peritoneal equilibration tests (PETs) with different glucose-based solutions (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00267DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

B-TYPE NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE LEVELS AND CARDIAC DYSFUNCTION IN CHILDREN ON PERITONEAL DIALYSIS.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of)

Background: Abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) structure and function are prevalent in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The risk of cardiovascular mortality is also 10 - 20 times higher in PD patients than in age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects.

Methods: Echocardiography was performed annually or every 6 months for children on PD; the frequency was increased if the patient had hypertension or any heart problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00150DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

AN INTERVENTION DESIGN: SUPPORTING SKILLS DEVELOPMENT FOR PERITONEAL DIALYSIS TRAINERS.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based therapy where nurses train patients in its use. There has been no published randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating any specific protocol for nurses delivering PD training. A standardized education package based upon the best available evidence and utilizing modern educational practices may lead to improved patient outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00159DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PERITONEAL PROTEIN CLEARANCE AND PARAMETERS OF FLUID STATUS AGREE WITH CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS IN OTHER DISEASES THAT VENOUS CONGESTION INCREASES MICROVASCULAR PROTEIN ESCAPE.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Renal Unit, Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background: Peritoneal effluent from peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients contains proteins, mainly transported from the circulation through large pores in the venular part of the peritoneal micro-vessels. Hydrostatic convection is the major driver for peritoneal protein transport, although in PD there is additional diffusion. Consequently, venous pressure may have a role in peritoneal protein transport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00016DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Insights on Peritoneal Dialysis in China.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12;38(Suppl 2):S16-S18

The series of papers that are included in this China Supplement to chart peritoneal dialysis (PD) research over the last several years in that country, provide detailed analysis of a large de-identified dataset from the Baxter Patient Support Program, and include 2 papers that describe clinical experiences relevant to the local context. These studies present a fascinating insight into the practice of PD in China, adding considerably to the sum of worldwide PD experience. China presents important opportunities for clinical research to answer key questions relevant to our therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00224DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Health Literacy-How Do We Improve the Conversation at the Heart of Healthcare when We Know so Many People are Struggling with It?

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):13-18. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

NHS Education for Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

The Scottish Government published "Making it Easy - A Health Literacy Action Plan for Scotland" in 2014, and in 2017 the next steps were set out in "Making it Easier - A Health Literacy Action Plan for Scotland 2017-2025." This article discusses what health literacy is, outlining the key points from these national action plans. The importance of understanding and addressing health literacy in relation to renal services, and dialysis in particular, is highlighted by use of an example of a Scottish renal unit's practice to outline the principles being used in a service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00117DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Exercise Capacity and Association with Quality of Life in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):66-73. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Muscle wasting, common and progressive in uremic patients, is associated with a high probability for morbidity, lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and mortality. However, exercise tolerance in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise capacity, its determinants, and its association with HRQOL in PD patients. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00075
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00075DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition and Migration of Human Peritoneal Mesothelial Cells Undergoing Senescence.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):35-41. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany

Background: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) contributes to fibrotic thickening of the peritoneum that develops in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The process is thought to be largely mediated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β). As TGF-β has also been implicated in senescence of HPMCs, we have performed an exploratory study to examine if senescent HPMCs can undergo EMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00244DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

ASSOCIATION OF B-TYPE NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE LEVEL WITH RESIDUAL KIDNEY FUNCTION IN INCIDENT PERITONEAL DIALYSIS PATIENTS.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu Univeristy, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: Residual kidney function (RKF) is an important factor influencing both technique and patient survival in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is considered a marker of cardio-renal syndrome. The relationship between BNP and RKF in PD patients remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00241DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

OUTCOMES OF THE WEIGHTED PERITONEAL DIALYSIS CATHETER IN PATIENTS AT RISK OF PERCUTANEOUS CATHETER FAILURE.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Vascular Surgery, Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background: The weighted catheter has shown promising results in retrospective and randomized studies. We examined its usefulness in patients with previous failed non-weighted peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters or previous abdominal surgery.

Methods: The insertion, start, end, and removal dates were recorded for all-type catheter insertions from 2011 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00233DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Early Detection of Imminent Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis: Free Water Transport, Selected Effluent Proteins, or Both?

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):83-89. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Background: No diagnostic tool or methodology is currently available for early detection of imminent encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS). The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of free water transport (FWT) and construct a panel of peritoneal effluent proteins for EPS alone or in combination with FWT. These parameters could be incorporated in the follow-up of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00194DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Sustained Increase in Peritoneal Dialysis Prevalence through a Structured PD Initiation Service.

Authors:

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):470

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.01001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

More on Suprapubic Catheters and Peritoneal Dialysis.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):467-468

Department of Nephrology, 4 Department of Internal Medicine, Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels, Austria

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00127DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Pharmacokinetics of 300 mg/d Intraperitoneal Daptomycin: New Insight from the DaptoDP Study.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):463-466

Nephrology Department, CHU de Caen, Caen, FRANCE.

The DaptoDP (NCT 2012-005699-33) study aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters of daptomycin (DAP) in peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) patients following intraperitoneal (IP) administration. The authors have already reported the findings on the 200-mg dosing and present here the follow-up results of the 300-mg dosing. The primary endpoint was a dialysate concentration of DAP above the effective concentration during 6 hours of dwell time i. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00256
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00256DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Exit-Site Infection: A Comparison of Classification Systems.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):462-463

Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Nephrology, Andhra Pradesh, India.

In general, in peritoneal dialysis (PD) practice in hospitals, Twardowski and Prowant's exit-site classification system is used, while the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) exit-site scoring system is practical to use in community visits with less experienced healthcare personnel. Nevertheless, when exit-site scoring is 3 points under the ISPD exit-site score system and it falls in the category of equivocal under the Twardowski and Prowant's exit-site classification, the physician should be vigilant about the possibility of developing peritonitis, and hence, patients need to be kept under periodic monitoring. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00013DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads
2.199 Impact Factor

Gastric Electrical Stimulation Improves Symptoms of Diabetic Gastroparesis in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis-2 Case Reports.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):458-462

Department of Gastroenterology, Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Croatia.

Diabetic gastroparesis (DGP), a delay in gastric emptying without obstruction to outflow as a complication of diabetes, typically develops after at least 10 years of diabetes. Cardinal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, early satiety, bloating, and upper abdominal pain. The aim of DGP treatment is to alleviate the severity and frequency of symptoms, improve the level of gastric emptying, ameliorate the patient's nutritional status and to optimize glycemic control. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00063
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00063DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Changing Dialysis Modality during Pregnancy: A Case Report.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):456-458

Section of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

Pregnancy in patients with end-stage renal disease is rare, with a paucity of management guidelines in the literature. Various hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) protocols have been used to successfully manage pregnancy in this population; however, there is a growing body of evidence that the best maternal and fetal outcomes are associated with intensified, high-dose HD. The optimal timing of transition from PD to HD is not known for prevalent PD patients who become pregnant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00054DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Hemoperitoneum in a Peritoneal Dialysis Patient: Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):455-456

Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Hemoperitoneum is a well-recognized complication in female peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients of childbearing age. Bloody effluent is commonly of minor nature, presenting during menstruation or midcycle, resolving after a few rapid exchanges without a need for further intervention. One must remain vigilant, however, and consider a broader differential diagnosis when hemoperitoneum is persistent or severe, as it indicates a serious and potentially life-threatening etiology. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00066DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Challenges Facing Children on Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis in South Africa.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):402-404

Division of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital and the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00275DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Peritoneal Dialysis for Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and Liver Cirrhosis.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):397-401

Division of Nephrology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

End-stage renal disease patients with cirrhosis represent a therapeutic dilemma, with several difficulties associated with hemodialysis as a renal replacement therapy modality. Peritoneal dialysis is a feasible option for these patients, despite the confounders of associated infection risk, malnutrition, ascites management, and mechanical complications. This review covers the existing data on the outcomes and complications associated with the use of peritoneal dialysis in the cirrhotic patient. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00008DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Peritonitis in a Patient on Peritoneal Dialysis: Case Report and Literature Review.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S64-S68. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Nephrology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Peritonitis is the most common complication in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis caused by species has been reported in only 7 patients before. Here, we report a further case of peritonitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00115DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Acute Peritoneal Dialysis System for Neonates with Acute Kidney Injury Requiring Renal Replacement Therapy: A Case Series.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S45-S52. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Nephrology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill neonates, and peritoneal dialysis (PD) can be a lifesaving option. In China, however, much of the equipment for PD in neonates is not available. We describe results with a novel system for PD, which has been developed locally to improve access to therapy and care for critically ill neonates requiring PD in China. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00109DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

What PD Research in China Tells Us.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S19-S24. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Renal Medicine and Baxter Novum, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) was introduced in China later than in most Western countries, and PD research activity was quite limited until the 1990s. However, in the 2000s, and even more so during the last decade, there has been an unsurpassed increase in the number of PD patients, paralleled by a substantial increase in PD research activity reflected by an increasing number of PD papers from China. In this brief review, we describe some of the factors that may explain the dramatic developments in PD research in mainland China, such as the focus on basic research using scientific approaches that subsequently could be applied also in clinical studies. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00027DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

The Effect of Automated Versus Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis on Mortality Risk In China.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S25-S35. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Baxter Healthcare (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore

Background: There is an emerging practice pattern of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in China. We report on outcomes compared to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a Chinese cohort.

Methods: Data were sourced from the Baxter Healthcare (China) Investment Co. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00235DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Center-Specific Risk-Adjusted Standardized Mortality Rates on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis in China.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S36-S44. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Background: The aim of this study was to determine if there were centers in China with unusually high levels of risk-adjusted mortality in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.

Methods: We analyzed an inception cohort commencing CAPD between 1 January 2005 and 13 August 2015, followed until death, dropout defined as discontinuation of Baxter products, loss to follow-up, or 13 November 2015, whichever occurred first. We calculated standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) from Cox proportional hazards models, adjusting for age, gender, employment status, insurance status, primary renal disease, size of peritoneal dialysis (PD) program, and year of dialysis inception. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00085DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Number of Daily Peritoneal Dialysis Exchanges and Mortality Risk in a Chinese Population.

Perit Dial Int 2018 12 12;38(Suppl 2):S53-S63. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Baxter Healthcare (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore

Background: We report outcomes on ≥ 4 compared with < 4 exchanges/day in a Chinese cohort on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

Methods: Data were sourced from the Baxter (China) Investment Co. Ltd Patient Support Program database, comprising an inception cohort commencing CAPD between 1 January 2005 and 13 August 2015. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00283
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00283DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

TRANSITION PERIOD CLINICAL TRAJECTORIES FOR PD VERSUS HD STARTERS.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Medical Office, Fresenius Medical Care North America, Waltham, United States.

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) starters generally have a better outcome compared with hemodialysis (HD) starters, perhaps related to treatment characteristics or case mix. We previously showed that pre- and post-dialysis start clinical parameter trajectories are related to outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate these trajectories in PD and HD starters. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00252
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00252DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

COMPARISON OF CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND OUTCOMES OF PERITONITIS IN THE ELDERLY AND YOUNGER PERITONEAL DIALYSIS PATIENTS.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Renal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, , Department of Renal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, , singapore, Singapore.

Background: The incidence of elderly patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) has increased. This study aimed to examine the clinical presentation and outcomes of peritonitis in elderly PD patients compared with younger PD patients.

Methods: This single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study included all adult PD patients who developed peritonitis between January 2011 and December 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00056DOI Listing
September 2018
21 Reads
2.200 Impact Factor

RISK FACTORS AND PREVENTION OF PERITONEAL DIALYSIS-RELATED PERITONITIS.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Centro de Diálisis Peritoneal, CASMU IAMPP, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Background: Peritonitis is a major complication and the main cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) failure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate peritonitis risk factors and its prevention with a new peritoneal educational program (NPEP).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of chronic PD patients, older than 16 years, who began PD in the period 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2015 at a Uruguayan PD center, with follow-up until 31 December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00287DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Incidence, Etiology, and Outcomes of Community-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Admissions in Malawi.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Nov-Dec;38(6):405-412. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi.

Introduction: The epidemiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) is poorly described. The aim of this study was to establish the incidence, etiology, and outcomes of community-acquired AKI in pediatric admissions in Southern Malawi.

Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of pediatric admissions to a tertiary hospital in Blantyre between 5 February and 30 April 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00253DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

The Effect of Peritoneal Dialysis on Labor Market Outcomes Compared with Institutional Hemodialysis.

Perit Dial Int 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):59-65. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Health Economics, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, Lund.

Background: The aim of this study is to compare the impact of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and institutional hemodialysis (IHD), the 2 most common dialysis modalities, on employment, work income, and disability pension in Sweden.

Methods: Included in this study were 4,734 patients in IHD and PD, aged 20 - 60 years, starting treatment in Sweden during 1995 - 2012, and surviving the first year of dialysis therapy. Both "intention to treat" and "on treatment" analyses were performed by including transplant patients into the former and censoring them at the date of transplant in the latter analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00236DOI Listing
September 2018
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PD-Associated Peritonitis: A Case Report.

Authors:
S Emami S Q Lew

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):391-392

Department of Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00044DOI Listing
February 2019
20 Reads

Infected Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm and Peritonitis in Peritoneal Dialysis Patient.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):390-391

Division of Nephrology, Hospital de Galdakano, Servicio Vasco de Salud-Osakidetza, Bizkaia, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00239DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

A Plea for Revitalizing Interest in Pharmacodynamics in the Light of Emerging Bacterial Resistance and Its Prevention.

Authors:
C W H de Fijter

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):390

Department of Internal Medicine/Nephrology, OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00069DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Characteristics and Outcomes of Exit Sites of Buried Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters: A Cohort Study.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):387-389

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and the Ottawa Hospital, Canada

Buried peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters are placed months before dialysis is needed and the exit site is created when the catheter is dissected out at the initiation of dialysis. In contrast, the exit site of an unburied catheter is created by the surgeon at the time of insertion. We reviewed all patients who initiated PD at our center over a 2-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00237DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Estimating Dietary Protein Intake in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: The Effect of Ethnicity.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):384-387

UCL Centre for Nephrology, Royal Free Hospital, University College London Medical School, London, United Kingdom

Kidney dialysis patients with sarcopenia have increased mortality. Clinical guidelines recommend peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have a target daily protein intake to prevent sarcopenia. Protein intake is estimated from total daily urea losses in urine and peritoneal dialysate to assess the protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance rate adjusted for body weight (nPNA). Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00260
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00260DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Systemic Endotoxin in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):381-384

UCL Centre for Nephrology, Royal Free Hospital, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Previous reports linked systemic endotoxemia in dialysis patients to increased markers of inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and mortality. Many peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients use acidic, hypertonic dialysates, which could potentially increase gut permeability, resulting in systemic endotoxemia. However, the results from studies measuring endotoxin in PD patients are discordant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00036DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Successful Treatment of PD Peritonitis Due to .

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):379-381

Renal Medicine, The Canberra Hospital, Garran, ACT, Australia

is a rare cause of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PD peritonitis). One documented case report described poor outcome despite treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Here, we report the successful treatment of PD peritonitis due to with 21 days of intraperitoneal (IP) antibiotics using the regimen described for , notably IP gentamicin (10 days) followed by IP cefepime and oral ciprofloxacin (11 days). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00014DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Case Study: Applying Rapid Flow Cytometry Analysis to CAPD Effluent.

Perit Dial Int 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):376-379

Translational Renal Research Group, Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis cases require rapid clinical interventions to ensure the best possible patient outcomes. Culture-dependent microbiology tools are slow and cannot provide clinicians with evidence to guide antimicrobial prescription practices in an appropriate time frame. Genotypic methods have met with limited success for analyzing continuous ambulatory PD effluent, with most centers still relying on culture-dependent microbiology. Read More

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00231
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00231DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads