47,228 results match your criteria Peritoneal Cancer

Rapidly Progressive Bladder Cancer Diagnosed because of Spontaneous Bladder Rupture.

Case Rep Urol 2022 9;2022:4586199. Epub 2022 May 9.

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital, Japan.

Background: Spontaneous bladder rupture (SBR) is very rare and can be associated with advanced bladder cancer. Because of its rarity, the optimal management of bladder cancer with SBR has not been established. Herein, we report a case of SBR due to locally advanced bladder cancer, which rapidly invaded the ileum and caused peritoneal dissemination. Read More

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Curative resection after chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for postoperative recurrence of pancreatic tail cancer in the abdominal wall: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 May 19;8(1):101. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Background: Locoregional recurrence and metastasis to the liver, peritoneum, and lung are the most common recurrent patterns of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) after radical resection. Recurrence in the abdominal wall is extremely rare. Herein, we report our experience with a patient who had recurrent PDAC in the abdominal wall with long-term survival by means of multidisciplinary therapy. Read More

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The Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype in Ovarian Cancer Dissemination.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology and UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Ovarian cancer is a highly aggressive disease with poor survival rates in part due to diagnosis after dissemination throughout the peritoneal cavity. It is well-known that inflammatory signals affect ovarian cancer dissemination. Inflammation is a hallmark of cellular senescence, a stable cell cycle arrest induced by a variety of stimuli including many of the therapies used to treat ovarian cancer patients. Read More

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[Intraperitoneal therapy for carcinomatosis in ovarian cancer: proposed treatment algorithm].

Rev Med Suisse 2022 May;18(782):990-996

Département d'oncologie, Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, 1211 Genève 14.

Ovarian cancer is the first cause of death by gynecological cancer. Most of the patients are diagnosed with peritoneal carcinomatosis that represents a therapeutic challenge. Its management implies maximal cytoreductive surgery with survival benefit. Read More

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Mesentery solitary fibrous tumor with postoperative recurrence and sarcomatosis: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Oncol 2022 Apr;13(4):303-313

Peritoneal Surface Malignancy Center, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Osaka 596-8522, Japan.

Background: Solitary fibrous tumors are rare neoplasms of mesenchymal origin. They are often of low malignant potential and rarely metastasize. They frequently arise from the pleura and can occur at any soft tissue site in the body. Read More

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Circulating non-coding RNAs in recurrent and metastatic ovarian cancer.

Cancer Drug Resist 2019 19;2(3):399-418. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Fondazione "Enrico Puccinelli" Onlus, Perugia 06123, Italy.

Ovarian cancer has a poor outcome because it is usually detected at advanced tumor stages, and the majority of the patients develop disease relapse as a result of chemotherapy resistance. This most lethal gynecological malignancy metastasizes within the peritoneal fluid or ascites to pelvic and distal organs. In ovarian cancer progression and metastasis, small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including long noncoding RNAs and microRNAs have been recognized as important regulators. Read More

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September 2019

Can HIPEC be used against platinum-resistance and for inducing sensitivity to PARP inhibitors in ovarian cancer?

Cancer Drug Resist 2020 10;3(3):666-671. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Medical Oncology, Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo, São Paulo 01323-001, SP, Brazil.

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has emerged as a main comprehensive treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Despite much criticism to this approach, HIPEC has shown cost-effective benefits in both progression-free survival and overall survival for high tumor burden with no important impairment on patient-reported quality of life. On the other hand, the landscape of EOC treatment is changing rapidly and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) currently play an important role in the management of EOC based on recent trials. Read More

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History of intraperitoneal platinum drug delivery for ovarian cancer and its future applications.

Cancer Drug Resist 2021 19;4(2):453-462. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Medical Oncology, Mater Salutis Hospital, AULSS 9 of the Veneto Region, Legnago (VR) 37121, Italy.

Intraperitoneal (IP) delivery of cisplatin was developed in the 1970s based on a strong pharmacologic rationale and rodent models. Its advantage over intravenous (IV) administration was supported initially by observational studies in treating recurrent ovarian cancer and eventually by better outcomes from IP IV cisplatin in randomized studies in patients undergoing optimal surgical debulking at diagnosis. In the past two decades, with the introduction of novel anticancer interventions (such as taxanes, bevacizumab, inhibitors of DNA repair, and immune check point inhibitors), advantages of IP drug delivery are less clear and concerns are raised on cisplatin's therapeutic index. Read More

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A Canadian single-centre experience with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for abdominal malignancies.

Can J Surg 2022 May-Jun;65(3):E342-E351. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Hematology-Oncology, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Que. (Nassabein, Aubin, Ayoub, Tehfé); and the Department of Surgery, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Que. (Younan, Loungarath, Mercier, Dagbert)

Background: Cytoreductive surgery in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) has recently shown promise for the treatment of patients with various types of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). However, it is an extensive procedure that is associated with a variety of morbidities. We evaluated the safety and clinical outcomes of CRS-HIPEC performed at our centre. Read More

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Comparison of [ Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT and [F]FDG PET/CT in colorectal cancer.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of [ Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT in the evaluation of primary or recurrent tumor, and nodal, peritoneal, and distant organ metastases in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed colorectal cancer (CRC) in comparison with [F]FDG PET/CT.

Materials And Method: Thirty-nine patients with histopathologically confirmed primary or relapsed CRC were included in our study. All patients underwent both [F]FDG and [ Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging in the same week. Read More

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Management of Peritoneal Disease in Colorectal Cancer.

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Center for Surgery and Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Colorectal cancer with peritoneal involvement is traditionally recognized as having a poor prognosis, with treatment initially limited to palliative systemic chemotherapy alone. The introduction of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy drastically altered the course of this disease entity and has demonstrated improvements in survival outcomes. Recent evidence has shown benefit of CRS but did not show benefit of HIPEC. Read More

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Feasibility and safety of PIPAC combined with additional surgical procedures: PLUS study.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Candiolo Cancer Institute, FPO - IRCCS, Candiolo, Turin, Italy.

Background: PIPAC (Pressurized IntraPeritoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy) is a minimally invasive approach relying on physical principles for improving intraperitoneal drug delivery, including optimizing the homogeneity of drug distribution through an aerosol. Feasibility and safety of the new approach are now consolidated and data on its effectiveness are continuously increasing. Although any surgical procedure associated with PIPAC had always been discouraged due to the high risk of complications, surgical practice is constantly changing: with growing expertise, more and more surgical teams associate PIPAC with surgery. Read More

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Efficacy and safety in the use of intraperitoneal hyperthermia chemotherapy and peritoneal cytoreductive surgery for pseudomyxoma peritonei from appendiceal neoplasm: A systematic review.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2022 13;77:100039. Epub 2022 May 13.

Guidelines Program of the Brazilian Medical Association, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Evidence Based Medicine Center, UNIMED Fesp, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The objective of this systematic review is to provide efficacy and safety data in the application of Intra-Abdominal Hyperthermia Chemotherapy (HIPEC) and Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) in patients with Peritoneal Pseudomyxoma (PMP) of origin in the cecal appendix. The databases Medline and Central Cochrane were consulted. Patients with PMP of origin in the cecal appendix, classified as low grade, high or indeterminate, submitted to HIPEC and CRS. Read More

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Computed Tomography for the Diagnosis of Intraperitoneal Infected Fluid Collections after Surgery for Gastric Cancer. Role of Texture Analysis.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2022 May 15. Epub 2022 May 15.

Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca; Surgery Department, Octavian Fodor Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background And Aims: Several computed tomographic (CT) imaging features have been proposed to describe the infection of postoperative abdominal fluid collections; however, these features are vague, and there is a significant overlap between infected and non-infected collections. We assessed the role of textural parameters as additional diagnostic tools for distinguishing between infected and non-infected peritoneal collections in patients operated for gastric cancer.

Methods: From 527 patients operated for gastric cancer, we retrospectively selected 82 cases with intraperitoneal collections who underwent CT exams. Read More

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DNMBP-AS1 Regulates NHLRC3 Expression by Sponging miR-93-5p/17-5p to Inhibit Colon Cancer Progression.

Front Oncol 2022 27;12:765163. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Clinical Medical Research Center of Peritoneal Cancer of Wuhan, Clinical Cancer Study Center of Hubei Provence, Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behavior of Hubei Provence, Wuhan, China.

Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) act as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) in colon cancer (CC) progression, binding microRNAs (miRNAs) to regulate the expression of corresponding messenger RNAs (mRNAs). This article aims to explore the detailed molecular mechanism of ceRNA in CC. Top mad 5000 lncRNAs and top mad 5000 mRNAs were used to perform weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and key modules were selected. Read More

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The Transcoelomic Ecosystem and Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Dissemination.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 28;13:886533. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Experimental Pathology Unit, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is considered the deadliest gynecological disease and is normally diagnosed at late stages, at which point metastasis has already occurred. Throughout disease progression, EOC will encounter various ecosystems and the communication between cancer cells and these microenvironments will promote the survival and dissemination of EOC. The primary tumor is thought to develop within the ovaries or the fallopian tubes, both of which provide a microenvironment with high risk of causing DNA damage and enhanced proliferation. Read More

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Acute appendicitis revealing a giant mesenteric pseudocyst: case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 4;41:178. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal.

Mesenteric pseuodycst is a very rare benign childhood tumor, accounting for less than 1 out of 250,000 hospital admissions. We here report a case of giant mesenteric pseudocyst incidentally detected in a 11-year-old boy with acute appendicitis. He complained of persistent abdominal pain for the past 48 hours. Read More

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Comprehensive Analysis of Epigenetic Associated Genes with Differential Gene Expression and Prognosis in Gastric Cancer.

Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Peritoneal Oncology Surgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100030, China.

Backgrouds: Gastric cancer (GC) is the most common malignancy of the human digestive system and represents the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. As early GC is generally mild or asymptomatic and advanced GC is commonly diagnosed, early detection has a significant impact on clinical outcomes. This study aimed to identify epigenetic factors (EFs) as potential GC biomarkers. Read More

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Metastatic colorectal carcinoma-associated fibroblasts have immunosuppressive properties related to increased IGFBP2 expression.

Cancer Lett 2022 May 13;540:215737. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of General Surgery, Division of Visceral Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Fibroblasts are the most abundant stromal constituents of the tumour microenvironment in primary as well as metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Their supportive effect on tumour cells is well established. There is growing evidence that stromal fibroblasts also modulate the immune microenvironment in tumours. Read More

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Integrated analysis of ascites and plasma extracellular vesicles identifies a miRNA-based diagnostic signature in ovarian cancer.

Cancer Lett 2022 May 12:215735. Epub 2022 May 12.

Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea; Interdisciplinary Program in Cancer Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea; WCU Biomodulation, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: https://cri.snu.ac.kr/en/about/research?mode=view&residx=30.

Ovarian cancer is mostly diagnosed at advantaged stages due to the lack of early diagnostic biomarkers. The common metastasis pattern is characterized by peritoneal dissemination with a formation of malignant ascites. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging as promising clinical biomarkers in liquid biopsy. Read More

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The effect of major postoperative complications on recurrence and long-term survival after cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Institut Claudius Regaud, Toulouse University Cancer Institute (IUCT) - Oncopole, Toulouse, France; Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy team 1, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse (CRCT), INSERM, Toulouse, France.

Objective: To assess the impact on survival of major postoperative complications and to identify the factors associated with these complications in patients with advanced ovarian cancer after cytoreductive surgery.

Methods: We designed a retrospective multicenter study collecting data from patients with IIIC-IV FIGO Stage ovarian cancer who had undergone either primary debulking surgery (PDS), early interval debulking surgery (IDS) after 3-4 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, or delayed debulking surgery (DDS) after 6 cycles, with minimal or no residual disease, from January 2008 to December 2015. Univariable and multivariable analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with major surgical complications (≥Grade 3). Read More

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Topical pH Sensing NIR Fluorophores for Intraoperative Imaging and Surgery of Disseminated Ovarian Cancer.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2022 May 14:e2201416. Epub 2022 May 14.

Gordon Center for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) aids surgeons with real-time visualization of small cancer foci and borders, which improves surgical and prognostic efficacy of cancer. Despite the steady advances in imaging devices, there is a scarcity of fluorophores available to achieve optimal FGS. Here, 1) a pH-sensitive near-infrared fluorophore that exhibits rapid signal changes in acidic tumor microenvironments (TME) caused by the attenuation of intramolecular quenching, 2) the inherent targeting for cancer based on chemical structure (structure inherent targeting, SIT), and 3) mitochondrial and lysosomal retention are reported. Read More

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Survival Impact of Residual Cancer Cells in Intraoperative Peritoneal Washes following Radical Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer.

J Clin Med 2022 May 9;11(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41944, Korea.

Objective: Residual cancer cells (RCCs) contribute to cancer recurrence either because of tumor spillage or undetectable pre-existing micrometastatic tumor clones. We hypothesized that the pathologic evaluation of intraoperative peritoneal washes may reveal RCCs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival impact of RCCs identified in intraoperative peritoneal washes and their correlation with clinicopathologic parameters following radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Tru-Cut Biopsy in Gynecological and Non-Gynecological Pelvic Masses: A Single-Center Experience.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 30;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health, I.R.C.C.S. "Burlo Garofolo", 34137 Trieste, Italy.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adequacy, accuracy, and safety of ultrasound-guided tru-cut biopsy in managing malignant and benign abdominopelvic masses in a selected population and critically discuss some issues in different situations, which deserve some reflections on those practices.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 42 patients who underwent transvaginal or transabdominal tru-cut biopsy between August 2017 and November 2021. The inclusion criteria were poor health status or primary inoperable advanced tumor, suspicion of recurrence or metastasis to the ovaries or peritoneum in gynecological and non-gynecological pelvic malignancies. Read More

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Surgical Implications of Advanced Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer: Analysis of the Database of the Tumeurs Malignes Rares Gynécologiques Network.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 9;14(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

GINECO/TMRG Network, 75008 Paris, France.

The surgical specificities of advanced low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (LGSOC) have been little investigated. Our objective was to describe surgical procedures/complications in primary (PDS) compared to interval debulking surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery, NACT-IDS) and to assess the survival (progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS)) in patients with advanced LGSOC. We retrospectively analyzed advanced LGSOC from a nationwide registry (January 2000 to July 2017). Read More

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Can We Reboot the Role of Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in the Treatment for Gastric Cancer with Peritoneal Carcinomatosis?: A Retrospective Cohort Study Regarding Minimally Invasive Surgery Conjoined with Intraperitoneal plus Systemic Chemotherapy.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 9;14(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul 02841, Korea.

Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is the most common form of metastasis in gastric cancer (GC) and is related with a poor prognosis. Several treatment modalities including systemic chemotherapy and intraperitoneal chemotherapy have been studied and adopted in treatment of GC patients with PC. Nevertheless, few studies have reported the comparison of the oncologic outcomes between minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy and conventional chemotherapy for GC with PC. Read More

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The Role of Mesothelin Expression in Serous Ovarian Carcinoma: Impacts on Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Therapeutic Targets.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 3;14(9). Epub 2022 May 3.

Pathology Unit, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Viale A. Gramsci, 14, 43126 Parma, Italy.

Mesothelin (MSLN) is a protein expressed in the mesothelial cell lining of the pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium; its biological functions in normal cells are still unknown. Experimental studies using knockout mice have suggested that this molecule does not play an important role in development and reproduction. In contrast, it has been observed that this molecule is produced in abnormal amounts in several malignant neoplasms, such as mesotheliomas and pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Read More

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Regulatory Role of the Adipose Microenvironment on Ovarian Cancer Progression.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 1;14(9). Epub 2022 May 1.

C.S. Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

The tumor microenvironment of ovarian cancer is the peritoneal cavity wherein adipose tissue is a major component. The role of the adipose tissue in support of ovarian cancer progression has been elucidated in several studies from the past decades. The adipocytes, in particular, are a major source of factors, which regulate all facets of ovarian cancer progression such as acquisition of chemoresistance, enhanced metastatic potential, and metabolic reprogramming. Read More

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Labile Heme and Heme Oxygenase-1 Maintain Tumor-Permissive Niche for Endometriosis-Associated Ovarian Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 29;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Sciences, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Endometriosis, a painful gynecological condition accompanied by inflammation in women of reproductive age, is associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. We evaluated the role of peritoneal heme accumulated during menstrual cycling, as well as peritoneal and lesional macrophage phenotype, in promoting an oncogenic microenvironment. We quantified the heme-degrading enzyme, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, encoded by 1) in normal peritoneum, endometriotic lesions and endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC) of clear cell type (OCCC). Read More

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