262 results match your criteria Perirectal Abscess

Acute supralevator abscess: the little we know.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2022 Feb 8. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Imperial College London and St Mark's Hospital, UK.

Introduction: Acute supralevator abscess (SLA) is an uncommon and complicated form of anorectal sepsis. Its correct management is crucial to avoid complex iatrogenic fistula formation. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to determine the incidence of SLA and the surgical outcome with particular reference to the direction of drainage. Read More

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February 2022

An Unusual Delayed Complication of Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh: Perirectal Abscess 10 Years After Initial Placement Treated by Endoscopic Removal.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 Nov 23;8(11):e00703. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA.

Surgical mesh is commonly used for the management of pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence with overall beneficial effects. However, the Food and Drug Administration has issued safety notifications about potentially serious complications assisted with the use of synthetic mesh in pelvic organ prolapse procedures. In this report, we describe a perirectal abscess in a patient which developed 10 years after initial mesh placement. Read More

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November 2021

Rectal perforation and perirectal abscess following stapled hemorrhoidectomy for prolapsed hemorrhoids successfully managed with Endo-SPONGE endoluminal vacuum-assisted wound closure system.

Ann Coloproctol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Active drains, which work by negative pressure, are commonly used to drain closed airtight wounds. Higher negative pressure is used in vacuum-assisted wound closure dressings. Gastrointestinal leaks may be difficult to treat by surgical approach because of their association with high morbidity and mortality. Read More

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Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Transrectal Drainage of Perirectal Abscess in a Patient with Crohn Disease.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;22:e930698. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Gastroenterology, Deaconess Gateway Hospital, Evansville, IN, USA.

BACKGROUND Crohn disease (CD) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease that can present in the perianal area as perianal CD (pCD), which can present as fistulizing or non-fistulizing. Perirectal abscesses are common complications that are strongly associated with fistula formation. Draining an abscess and not treating the associated fistula leads to a high risk of disease recurrence. Read More

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A Series of Surgical Infections and Review of the Literature.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 Nov 7;22(9):940-947. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of Maryland Shore Regional at Easton, Easton, Maryland, USA.

(HPI) is a rare and underreported pathogen. causes respiratory, soft tissue, and central nervous system (CNS) infections, and endocarditis. Little data on HPI surgical infections are available, especially for intra-abdominal infections (IAI). Read More

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November 2021

Intestinal Dysbiosis Disguised as a Rectal Fistula Treated With Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation.

Cureus 2021 Mar 25;13(3):e14115. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Gastroenterology, Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, USA.

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been efficacious in the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis, derangement of the native intestinal microflora, and the indications for autologous FMT are growing. A 69-year-old Caucasian man with a past medical history of paraplegia secondary to motor vehicle accident and sigmoid-end colostomy presented to his gastroenterologist with the complaint of rectal discharge. A complicated medical course pre-dated his presentation and included multiple decubitus ulcers requiring debridement and several courses of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Read More

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Septic Arthritis Caused by Perirectal Abscess.

Cureus 2021 Feb 15;13(2):e13343. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Internal Medicine, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune City, USA.

Septic arthritis is a debilitating, inflammatory condition of joints that can cause patients to experience significant pain and discomfort. An estimated 0.006% of people annually develop the condition; the absence of prompt diagnosis and treatment can lead to long-term joint dysfunction. Read More

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February 2021

Occult Perirectal Abscess Causing Acute Urinary Retention.

Cureus 2021 Jan 3;13(1):e12461. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, USA.

Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common symptom evaluated in the emergency department. It is generally due to an obstructive process such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and can be treated simply with an indwelling foley catheter and urological follow up. Perirectal abscess is a relatively rare cause of urinary retention with no documented prevalence but when present is almost universally accompanied by perirectal pain. Read More

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January 2021

Perirectal abscess with dysuria.

JGH Open 2020 Jun 6;4(3):548-549. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Digestive and Lifestyle Diseases Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences Kagoshima Japan.

Perirectal abscesses often occur in the dorsal portion of the perirectal tissues. We report a patient who presented with fever, pain on defecation, and dysuria. He was found to have a perirectal abscess in the anterior perineum pressing on the urethra. Read More

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Operative Incision and Drainage for Perirectal Abscesses: What Are Risk Factors for Prolonged Length of Stay, Reoperation, and Readmission?

Dis Colon Rectum 2020 08;63(8):1127-1133

Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Perirectal abscess is a common problem. Despite a seemingly simple disease to manage, clinical outcomes of perirectal abscesses can vary significantly given the wide array of patients who are susceptible to this disease.

Objective: Our aims were to evaluate the outcomes after operative incision and drainage for perirectal abscess and to examine factors associated with length of stay, reoperations, and readmissions. Read More

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Orbital pseudotumor as the presenting symptom of Crohn's disease in a male child.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Jun 16;18:100669. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

University of Nebraska Medical Center, S 42nd St & Emile St, Omaha, NE, 68198, USA.

Purpose: This report will describe a case of orbital pseudotumor that is associated with underlying Crohn's disease in a pediatric patient.

Observations: An 8-year-old male with a past medical history of chronic constipation who presented to the ophthalmologist in July 2017 with a 7-month history double vision, left upper lid ptosis, left abducens nerve palsy, and an abnormal thyroid test. The patient's family history was negative for any autoimmune disease including, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus or inflammatory bowel disease. Read More

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[Long-Term Disease-Free Survival after Chemoradiotherapy for Postoperative Local Recurrence of Rectal Cancer-A Case Report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Dec;46(13):2324-2326

Dept. of Surgery, Munakata Suikokai General Hospital.

We report a case of a 63-year-old man with a perirectal abscess due to rectal cancer referred to us from another clinic. We performed 3 courses of preoperative chemotherapy using mFOLFOX6 and then performed a Miles operation plus D3 dissection followed by reconstruction of an artificial anus using the ileum. The pathological diagnosis was tub2, pAI(prostate), pN0 (0/12), ND(v+), and fStage Ⅲa. Read More

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December 2019

Ruptured Obturator Internus Muscle Abscess Causing Extensive Retroperitoneal Necrosis.

Zablon Bett

Case Rep Radiol 2020 7;2020:8920178. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Maseno University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 1777-20200 Kericho, Kenya.

Obturator internus muscle (OIM) abscess occurs rarely in adults. Accurate diagnosis is often hindered and delayed due to the deep location of the abscess and the nonspecific clinical features. Even of rarer occurrence is rupture of the obturator internus muscle abscess into the perirectal space and retroperitoneum causing extensive retroperitoneal necrotizing soft tissue infection. Read More

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February 2020

Use of Lumen-apposing Metal Stents for Endoscopic Drainage of Intra-abdominal Fluid Collections in Pediatric Patients.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2020 02;70(2):258-260

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital at Montefiore.

Introduction: Intraabdominal fluid collections that previously required surgical intervention can now be drained with less invasive techniques. The use of lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMS) to treat pancreatic pseudocysts and perirectal abscesses has been shown to be a safe and effective technique in adults. We aim to evaluate the indications, outcomes, and complications of the use of LAMS in pediatric patients at our institution. Read More

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February 2020

Outcomes in patients with Fournier's gangrene originating from the anorectal region with a particular focus on those without perineal involvement.

Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) 2019 Jun 26;7(3):212-217. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Coloproctology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background And Aim: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a fulminant infection in the external genital region and perineum. The present study explored the clinical features of FG originating from the anorectal region, from primary conditions such as anal fistulas and abscesses.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in order to identify the factors associated with clinical outcomes in FG patients derived from two hospitals-the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and People's Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese-over the period from May 2013 to April 2017. Read More

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[A Case of Rectal Cancer Presenting with Perianal Abscess].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Jan;46(1):88-90

Dept. of Surgery, Yao Tokushukai General Hospital.

An 81-year old man with a perirectal abscess was referred in May 2017 by another hospital. We observed swelling in the anal region at the 4 o'clock position and performed incisional drainage. Although this alleviated the pain and inflammation in the anal region, the irritation recurred in early June. Read More

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January 2019

EFSUMB Recommendations for Gastrointestinal Ultrasound Part 3: Endorectal, Endoanal and Perineal Ultrasound.

Ultrasound Int Open 2019 Jan 5;5(1):E34-E51. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital and Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

This article represents part 3 of the EFSUMB Recommendations and Guidelines for Gastrointestinal Ultrasound (GIUS). It provides an overview of the examination techniques recommended by experts in the field of endorectal/endoanal ultrasound (ERUS/EAUS), as well as perineal ultrasound (PNUS). The most important indications are rectal tumors and inflammatory diseases like fistula and abscesses in patients with or without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Read More

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January 2019

The role of a sequencing-based clinical intestinal screening test in patients at high-risk for Clostridium difficile and other pathogens: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 15;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

uBiome, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Hospitalization and antibiotic treatment can put patients at high risk for Clostridium difficile infection, where a disturbance of the gut microbiome allows for Clostridium difficile proliferation and associated symptoms, including mild, moderate, or severe diarrhea. Clostridium difficile infection is challenging to treat, often recurrent, and leads to almost 30,000 annual deaths in the USA alone. Here we present a case where SmartGut™, an at-home, self-administered sequencing-based clinical intestinal screening test, was used to identify the presence of Clostridium difficile in a patient with worsening diarrhea. Read More

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January 2019

Benign Anorectal Surgery: Management.

Jan Rakinic

Adv Surg 2018 09 19;52(1):179-204. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 701 North First Street, Suite D-333, Springfield, IL 62781-0001, USA. Electronic address:

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September 2018

Congenital Perirectal Dermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Complex, Recurrent Pediatric Fistula-in-ano.

Front Pediatr 2018 16;6:143. Epub 2018 May 16.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano are well-described in the pediatric population. They are most common in infants less than 1 year of age and often resolve with oral antibiotics; occasionally they require drainage or fistulotomy. The etiology is commonly associated with cryptoglandular obstruction and subsequent infection, however alternative diagnoses should be considered in cases of recurrent abscesses and fistulae that are refractory to standard treatments. Read More

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Proctitis and perirectal abscesses: is there anything else to think about?

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2018 Jun;110(6):410

Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital General Universitario, Ciudad Real.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a condition caused by invasive serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis. The classical inguinal presentation that is characterized by the development of transient genital ulcer(s) and inguinal or femoral lymphadenopathy has decreased in our environment. At present, infection by this bacterium has emerged as an important cause of proctitis and proctocolitis in men who have sex with other men. Read More

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Tuberculous Enteritis Presenting as Acute Appendicitis and Perirectal Abscess.

Case Rep Med 2018 25;2018:6068258. Epub 2018 Feb 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Virginia Tech Carilion-School of Medicine and Research Institute, Roanoke, VA, USA.

has a wide variety of presentations. A rare occurrence is gastrointestinal tuberculosis. It may occur anywhere along the alimentary canal but usually occurs in the ileocecum with rare involvement of the appendix. Read More

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February 2018

[Melioidosis is a rare diagnosis among returning travellers with fever].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 01;180(2)

The causative organism of melioidosis is Burkholderia pseudomallei, a Gram-negative bacterium endemic to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. The clinical presentation varies, ranging from asymptomatic cases to rapidly progressive septicaemia and shock. Abscesses may be found in any internal organ. Read More

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January 2018

Calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient treated with sodium thiosulfate and high dose of oxygen.

Clin Nephrol Case Stud 2017 6;5:38-41. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, Bassett Medical Center and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Cooperstown, NY, USA, and.

Background: Calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient is a rare condition and is characterized by calcific deposition in tissue. We present a case of calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient who was diagnosed by clinical presentation and skin biopsy and was treated with sodium thiosulfate with improvement of skin lesions.

Case: A 43-year-old female with type 2 diabetes and atrial fibrillation taking oral anticoagulation medication presented with reddish drainage from the right buttock. Read More

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Minimally Invasive Incision and Drainage Technique in the Treatment of Simple Subcutaneous Abscess in Adults.

Am Surg 2017 Jul;83(7):699-703

A minimally invasive (MI) approach using small incisions and vessel loops for drainage of simple perianal abscesses has been described in the pediatric population with decreased postoperative pain and comparable results to the traditional incision and drainage (I&D). The hypothesis was MI I&D will yield similar outcomes in adults. Patients who underwent I&D of perianal abscesses at an urban hospital from January 2008 to December 2015 were identified by Current Procedural Terminology code. Read More

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Anastomotic stricture after ultralow anterior resection or intersphincteric resection for very low-lying rectal cancer.

Surg Endosc 2018 Feb 19;32(2):660-666. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital and Medical School, 322 Seoyang-ro Hwasun-eup, Hwasun-Gun Jeonnam, 58128, Republic of Korea.

Background: Anastomotic stricture following colorectal cancer surgery is not a rare complication, but proper management of anastomotic stricture located close to the anal verge is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate risk factors and management strategies for anastomotic stricture after ultralow anterior resection (ULAR).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a database of patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery between January 2007 and June 2015, and included patients with an anastomosis within 4 cm from the anal verge. Read More

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February 2018