88,539 results match your criteria Peripheral Vascular Disease

Neurologic outcomes of carotid and other emergent interventions for ischemic stroke over six years with dataset enhanced by machine learning.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Section of Vascular/Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA; The University of Queensland Faculty of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Current mainstays of ischemic stroke treatment include the use of thrombolysis (tissue plasminogen activator, tPA), urgent carotid endarterectomy (uCEA) or carotid artery stenting (uCAS), and mechanical endovascular reperfusion/thrombectomy (MER). Scarce data describe the presenting stroke severity and neurologic outcomes for these acute ischemic stroke interventions, alone or in combination. The authors hypothesize that patients undergoing carotid interventions experience better functional neurologic outcomes than other stroke interventions. Read More

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The effect of peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication on gait regularity and symmetry.

J Biomech 2022 Jun 21;141:111205. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. Electronic address:

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects 20-30% of older adults and is associated with intermittent claudication (IC), which is walking-induced pain. This study compared the regularity and symmetry of gait between healthy older adults and adults with PAD, and between IC and non-IC conditions in the PAD group. Eighteen control (70. Read More

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Prevalence and Vascular Distribution of Multiterritorial Atherosclerosis Among Community-Dwelling Adults in Southeast China.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2218307. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Importance: Data are limited on the prevalence and vascular distribution of multiterritorial atherosclerotic plaque and stenosis in community populations.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and vascular distribution of multiterritorial atherosclerotic plaque and stenosis in older, community-dwelling populations in China.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This cross-sectional study was based on the baseline survey from the Polyvascular Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and Vascular Events (PRECISE) study, a population-based prospective cohort study that enrolled community-dwelling adults aged 50 to 75 years based on cluster sampling from 6 villages and 4 living communities of Lishui city in southeast China. Read More

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Prevalence and comorbidities of bronchiolitis in adults: A population-based study in South Korea.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 24;101(25):e29551. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Research Center for Pulmonary Disorders, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, South Korea.

Abstract: Bronchiolitis generally refers to inflammation and/or fibrosis of the non-cartilaginous small airways located approximately from the 8th airway generation down to the terminal and respiratory bronchioles. In contrast to young children, the frequency of small airway infection in adult bronchiolitis appears less frequent and a number of other pathophysiological conditions have been implicated in adult bronchiolitis. However, little information is available on the exact medical burden of bronchiolitis such as its prevalence and comorbidities in the adult population. Read More

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Polyvascular Subclinical Atherosclerosis: Correlation Between Ankle Brachial Index and Carotid Atherosclerosis in a Population-Based Sample.

Angiology 2022 Jun 25:33197221110720. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

16551IMIM - Hospital del Mar Health Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.

We assessed the correlation between the biomarkers of lower limb atherosclerosis (eg, ankle-brachial index [ABI]) and of carotid atherosclerosis (eg, common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and presence of atherosclerotic plaque) in a population-based cohort from Girona (Northwest Spain) recruited in 2010. Ankle-brachial index and carotid ultrasound were performed in all participants. Generalized additive multivariable models were used to adjust a regression model of common carotid IMT on ABI. Read More

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Sudden development of the upper and lower limb ischemia as the first manifestation of COVID-19 infection.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 21:107332. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Resident of Internal Medicine, Students Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

Introduction And Importance: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of peripheral vascular disease, and common predisposing causes are inflammation and diabetes. It is over two year that the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the world and costed millions of lives.

Case Presentation: The patient was a case of COVID-19 infection presenting as acute arterial occlusion in the upper and lower limb. Read More

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Prevalence and Predictors of Lower Limb Amputation in the Spinal Cord Injury Population.

Fed Pract 2022 Apr 13;39(4):168-174. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: Despite limited data demonstrating altered hemodynamics in the lower extremities (LEs) among the population with spinal cord injury (SCI) and increased frequency of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), epidemiologic data are limited for amputations, a potential consequence. This study investigates the association of amputation due to vascular complications as a secondary outcome measure within the SCI population.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed within a veteran population with SCI at a US Department of Veteran Affairs hospital to determine the prevalence of limb loss. Read More

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Effect of night-shift work on cortisol circadian rhythm and melatonin levels.

Sleep Sci 2022 Apr-Jun;15(2):143-148

Clinical Hospital of Porto Alegre, Division of Endocrinology - Porto Alegre - Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil.

Objectives: Night-shift work has been associated with several negative effects on worker's health, possibly due to circadian desynchronization, sleep deprivation and suppression of nocturnal melatonin secretion including exposure to light during the work shift. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of fixed night-shift work versus day-shift work on the sleep-wake cycle and on the night and day levels of cortisol and melatonin.

Material And Methods: Saliva samples were obtained from 36 individuals, 19 day workers (12 women and 7 men) and 17 night workers (12 women and 5 men) from a university hospital in southern Brazil, with no history of chronic diseases. Read More

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Bilateral consecutive choroidal neovascularization in Best vitelliform macular dystrophy.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2022 5;35(4):562-564. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) is a slowly progressive macular disease caused by a pathogenic variant of the Bestrophin () gene. Examination coupled with multimodal imaging and genetic testing are used to guide diagnosis and treatment. A 12-year-old girl was examined for decreased vision in the left eye and showed bilateral "egg-yolk"-like macular lesions with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the left eye. Read More

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Potential of circulating lncRNA CASC2 as a biomarker in reflecting the inflammatory cytokines, multi-organ dysfunction, disease severity, and mortality in sepsis patients.

J Clin Lab Anal 2022 Jun 26:e24569. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Pharmacology, Cangzhou Medical College, Cangzhou, China.

Background: Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) cancer susceptibility candidate gene 2 (CASC2) inhibits inflammation and multi-organ dysfunction in various ways. The present study was intended to explore the potency of blood lncRNA CASC2 as a biomarker for sepsis management.

Methods: Totally, 184 sepsis patients and 30 healthy controls were enrolled. Read More

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MicroRNA-29c-3p in dual-labeled exosome is a potential diagnostic marker of subjective cognitive decline.

Neurobiol Dis 2022 Jun 22;171:105800. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100088, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The present study aimed to determine whether peripheral blood neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)/amphiphysin 1 dual-labeled exosomal proteins and microRNAs (miRs) might serve as a marker for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: This observational, retrospective, multicenter study used a two-stage design conducted in Beijing and Shanghai, China. The subjects included 76 patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), 80 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 76 with dementia of Alzheimer's type (AD), 40 with vascular dementia (VaD), and 40 controls in the discovery stage. Read More

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Rivaroxaban and aspirin vs. aspirin alone in Asian compared with non-Asian patients with chronic coronary artery disease or peripheral arterial disease: the COMPASS trial.

Eur Heart J 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: It is unknown whether Asian and non-Asian patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease derive similar benefits from long-term antithrombotic therapy.

Methods And Results: In patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD) enrolled in The Cardiovascular Outcomes for People Using Anticoagulation Strategies trial, the effects of rivaroxaban 2.5 mg b. Read More

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Evaluating the feasibility and acceptability of an exercise and behaviour change intervention in socioeconomically deprived patients with peripheral arterial disease: The textpad study protocol.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0269999. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Dept of Perioperative and Critical Care Medicine, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

This pilot randomised controlled trial aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a 12-week home-based telehealth exercise and behavioural intervention delivered in socioeconomically deprived patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The study will also determine the preliminary effectiveness of the intervention for improving clinical and health outcomes. Sixty patients with PAD who meet the inclusion criteria will be recruited from outpatient clinic at the Freeman Hospital, United Kingdom. Read More

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Neurofibromatosis from Head to Toe: What the Radiologist Needs to Know.

Radiographics 2022 Jun 24:210235. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

From the Department of Radiology (M.X.W., C.T.J., K.M.E.) and Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma (S.K.), University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Pickens Academic Tower, 1400 Pressler St, Houston, TX 77030-4009; Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio (J.R.D.); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif (J.G.); Department of Radiology (A.H.) and Faculty of Medicine (M.M.), Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt; and Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz (P.M.P.).

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) are autosomal dominant inherited neurocutaneous disorders or phakomatoses secondary to mutations in the and tumor suppressor genes, respectively. Although they share a common name, NF1 and NF2 are distinct disorders with a wide range of multisystem manifestations that include benign and malignant tumors. Imaging plays an essential role in diagnosis, surveillance, and management of individuals with NF1 and NF2. Read More

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Utility of sirolimus coated balloons in the peripheral vasculature - a review of the current literature.

CVIR Endovasc 2022 Jun 24;5(1):29. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Sirolimus-coated balloons (SCB) have demonstrated much promise as an alternative drug eluting device to the existing paclitaxel coated balloon platforms for the treatment of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). They have been well tested pre-clinically and have demonstrated anti-restenotic effects as well as clinical safety in its use for treatment of coronary artery disease. The existing approved SCBs have thus far demonstrated good short-term patency (12-months) and did not exhibit any major adverse events or device related shortcomings in its use for treatment of PAD. Read More

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Acute gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease with CMV and EBV superinfection in a patient with COVID-19.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Gastroenterology , Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Portugal.

A 60-year-old female was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. After initial remission with chemotherapy, she relapsed and underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Two months later, she presented to emergency department with watery diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. Read More

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Clonidine Overdose as an Unusual Cause of Heart Failure.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2022 Jan-Dec;10:23247096221106856

Kern Medical Center, Bakersfield, CA, USA.

Clonidine is used as an antihypertensive medication due to its effect on decreasing peripheral vascular resistance and therefore lowering blood pressure. Alpha antagonism in the medulla and the posterior hypothalamus causing a reduction in sympathetic activation allows for clonidine to be used as an effective off-label treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This is a case of a 28-year-old female with hypertension, ADHD, and depression who developed acute heart failure with significant troponemia after ingesting 30 pills of clonidine. Read More

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An Evaluation of the Effect of the Use of N95 Respirators by Surgical Teams on Early Surgical Site Infections in Orthopedic Cases.

Cureus 2022 May 19;14(5):e25138. Epub 2022 May 19.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hitit University Corum Erol Olcok Training and Research Hospital, Corum, TUR.

Background Surgical site infections (SSIs) are seen in the postoperative period in orthopedic and traumatology clinics. Just as in all surgical clinics, SSIs lead to patient dissatisfaction with the results, prolong the length of stay in the hospital, and increase treatment costs. SSIs are known to occur as a result of wound contamination through inoculation of microorganisms found mainly in the air or in the surgical area. Read More

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Correlation between Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level and Peripheral Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3-5 Patients.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 11;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 97004, Taiwan.

Vitamin D deficiency and high brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are each independently associated with higher incidence of mortality and cardiovascular (CV) disease or CV events, respectively. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and baPWV in non-dialysis patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD). We enrolled 180 CKD patients. Read More

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A Journey into Animal Models of Human Osteomyelitis: A Review.

Microorganisms 2022 May 31;10(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, University of Milan, Via dell'Università 6, 26900 Lodi, Italy.

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone characterized by progressive inflammatory destruction and apposition of new bone that can spread via the hematogenous route (hematogenous osteomyelitis (HO)), contiguous spread (contiguous osteomyelitis (CO)), and direct inoculation (osteomyelitis associated with peripheral vascular insufficiency (PVI)). Given the significant financial burden posed by osteomyelitis patient management, the development of new preventive and treatment methods is warranted. To achieve this objective, implementing animal models (AMs) of infection such as rats, mice, rabbits, avians, dogs, sheep, goats, and pigs might be of the essence. Read More

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Laser Doppler Flowmetry Combined with Spectroscopy to Determine Peripheral Tissue Perfusion and Oxygen Saturation: A Pilot Study in Healthy Volunteers and Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease.

J Pers Med 2022 May 24;12(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: In this study, we assessed the ability of the EPOS system (Perimed AB, Järfälla, Stockholm, Sweden) to detect differences in tissue perfusion between healthy volunteers and patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with different severity of disease.

Methods: This single-center prospective pilot study included 10 healthy volunteers and 20 patients with PAD scheduled for endovascular therapy (EVT). EPOS measurements were performed at rest at 32 °C and 44 °C, followed by transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPo) measurements. Read More

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Non-STEMI vs. STEMI Cardiogenic Shock: Clinical Profile and Long-Term Outcomes.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 20;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Cardiology Department, Heart Institute, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Spain.

Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a severe complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In AMI-CS, the ST segment deviation on ECG may be elevated (STEMI-CS) or non-elevated (NSTEMI-CS), which may influence prognosis. Our aim was to analyze the clinical profile, acute-phase prognosis, and long-term outcomes of CS relative to the ST pattern on admission. Read More

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Clinical Profile and Management of Patient Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and/or Peripheral Artery Disease in Clinical Practice: The APALUSA Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 20;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Vascular Surgery Department, University Hospital Clínico, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.

This study was aimed to ascertain the clinical profile and management of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD). In this observational and cross-sectional study developed in 80 hospitals throughout Spain, consecutive adults with stable IHD and/or PAD were included. A total of 1089 patients were analyzed, of whom 65. Read More

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miRNA Regulatory Networks Associated with Peripheral Vascular Diseases.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 16;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Chair and Department of Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, 4a Chodźki St., 20-093 Lublin, Poland.

A growing body of evidence indicates a crucial role of miRNA regulatory function in a variety of mechanisms that contribute to the development of diseases. In our previous work, alterations in miRNA expression levels and targeted genes were shown in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with lower extremity artery disease (LEAD), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and chronic venous disease (CVD) in comparison with healthy controls. In this paper, previously obtained miRNA expression profiles were compared between the LEAD, AAA, and CVD groups to find either similarities or differences within the studied diseases. Read More

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The Incidence of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia in the Midland Region of New Zealand over a 12-Year Period.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 9;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

The epidemiology of severe PAD, as characterized by short-distance intermittent claudication (IC) and chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI), remains undefined in New Zealand (NZ). This was a retrospective observational cohort study of the Midland region in NZ, including all lower limb PAD-related surgical and percutaneous interventions between the 1st of January 2010 and the 31st of December 2021. Overall, 2541 patients were included. Read More

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Neuroprotective Effects of VEGF in the Enteric Nervous System.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 17;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Cytology, Institute of Anatomy, Ruhr-University Bochum, Universitaetsstr. 150, Building MA, Level 5, 44780 Bochum, Germany.

Although the enteric nervous system (ENS) functions largely autonomously as part of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), it is connected to the central nervous system (CNS) via the gut-brain axis. In many neurodegenerative diseases, pathological changes occur in addition to gastrointestinal symptoms, such as alpha-synuclein aggregates in Parkinson's disease, which are found early in the ENS. In both the CNS and PNS, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediates neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects. Read More

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Health Education Programmes to Improve Foot Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviour among Older People with End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) Receiving Haemodialysis (A Systematic Review).

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 20;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Medical Biology Centre, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Rd, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK.

Background: ESKD is a total or near-permanent failure in renal function. It is irreversible, progressive and ultimately fatal without peritoneal dialysis (PD), haemodialysis (HD) or kidney transplantation. Dialysis treatments can create new and additional problems for patients, one of which is foot amputation, as a result of non-healing wounds and vascular complications. Read More

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Predicting In-Hospital Antibiotic Use in the Medical Department: Derivation and Validation Study.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Medicine E, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva 4941492, Israel.

Background: The rise of multi-drug-resistant pathogens and nosocomial infections among hospitalized patients is partially attributed to the increased use of antibiotic therapy. A prediction model for in-hospital antibiotic treatment could be valuable to target preventive strategies.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study, including patients admitted in 2018 to medical departments and not treated with antibiotics during the first 48 h. Read More

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Peripheral artery disease independently associated with significantly higher risk for COVID-19 mortality: Evidence based on adjusted effect estimates.

Vascular 2022 Jun 23:17085381221111226. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, 12636Zhengzhou University, China.

Objective: To investigate the influence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) on the risk of mortality among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients based on adjusted effect estimates.

Methods: Systematic searches were performed through electronic databases. A random-effect model was applied to calculate the pooled effect and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Read More

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Prognostic values of the C-reactive protein to albumin ratio and prognostic nutritional index in carotid endarterectomy patients.

Vascular 2022 Jun 23:17085381221111015. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, 111319Cizre State Hospital, Şırnak, Turkey.

Objectives: C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are novel parameters with proven prognostic importance in the postoperative outcomes of coronary and peripheral vascular diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of CAR and PNI to predict major cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) during the postoperative period of Carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA).

Methods: A total of 505 carotid endarterectomy patients were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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