561,547 results match your criteria Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma


Diagnostic leukapheresis for CTC analysis in breast cancer patients: CTC frequency, clinical experiences and recommendations for standardized reporting.

Cytometry A 2018 Dec;93(12):1213-1219

Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine, General, Visceral and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital and Medical Faculty, University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Diagnostic leukapheresis (DLA) is based on continuous centrifugation that collects mononuclear cells from peripheral blood with a density of 1.055-1.08 g/ml. Read More

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December 2018
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Biotinidase deficiency should be considered in individuals thought to have multiple sclerosis and related disorders.

Authors:
Barry Wolf

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Nov 28;28:26-30. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of Genetics, Birth Defects and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Multiple sclerosis is a disorder of the central and peripheral nervous system of young and old adults that is characterized by muscle, coordination and vision abnormalities. Multiple sclerosis is likely due to numerous causes.

Methods: Recently, adolescents and adults with ophthalmological and or neurological findings have been diagnosed with biotinidase deficiency. Read More

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November 2018
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Synthesis, photodynamic activities, and cytotoxicity of new water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and zinc(II) phthalocyanines.

J Inorg Biochem 2018 Dec 5;192:7-16. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, 1060 Nishikawatsu, Matsue 690-8504, Japan. Electronic address:

The cationic Ga(III) and Zn(II) phthalocyanines carrying N-methyl-pyridinium groups at eight peripheral β-positionshave been synthesized. These complexes are highly soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and moderately soluble in water and phosphate buffered saline (PBS); both Ga(III)Cl and Zn(II) complexes have shown no aggregation in water up to 1.2 × 10 and 1. Read More

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December 2018

Selection and characterization of protective anti-chikungunya virus single domain antibodies.

Mol Immunol 2018 Dec 11;105:190-197. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

US Naval Research Laboratory, Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375, USA. Electronic address:

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus that causes an arthralgia febrile illness that has affected millions of people on three continents. Previously, neutralizing monoclonal antibodies that have prophylactic and therapeutic activity were found to remove virus in joint tissues, thereby reducing the severity of symptoms in mice and non-human primates. In this study, we sought to develop thermostable small recombinant antibodies against CHIKV for future diagnostic, prophylactic and therapeutic applications. Read More

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December 2018
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Self-Assembled GFFYK Peptide Hydrogel Enhances the Therapeutic Efficacy of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Mouse Hindlimb Ischemia Model.

Acta Biomater 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Nankai University School of Medicine, Tianjin 300071, China; The Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, The College of Life Science, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address:

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation has emerged as a very promising strategy for the treatments of peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, MSC-based therapies are limited by low cell retention and survival rate in the ischemic zone. Small molecular (SM) hydrogels have shown attractive abilities to enhance the therapeutic effects of human MSCs via promoting their proliferation or maintaining their differentiation potential. Read More

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December 2018
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Chronic Adolescent Stress Sex-Specifically Alters Central and Peripheral Neuro-Immune Reactivity in Rats.

Brain Behav Immun 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, United States. Electronic address:

Adversity during development is a reliable predictor of psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety which are increasingly recognized to have an immune component. We have previously demonstrated that chronic adolescent stress (CAS) in rats leads to depressive-like behavior in adulthood along with long-lasting changes to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and pro-inflammatory cytokine induction in the hippocampus. However, the mechanisms by which CAS promotes hippocampal inflammation are not yet defined. Read More

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December 2018

Role of the androgen receptor gene CAG repeat polymorphism on the sequence of pubertal events and adiposity in girls with high dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Maternal and Child Research, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Study Objective: The Androgen Receptor (AR) harbors a variable repeat of a variable number of glutamine residues [(CAG)n] which seems to affect inversely AR transcriptional activity. We assessed whether (CAG)n affect the sequence of the androgen-sensitive pubertal events and body composition in prepubertal girls.

Design: and participants: Nested case-control study within the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study of 1196 low-middle income children (≈50% girls) from Santiago, Chile. Read More

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December 2018
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Osteocytes reflect a pro-inflammatory state following spinal cord injury in a rodent model.

Bone 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Bryan, TX, United States of America.

Profound bone loss occurs following spinal cord injury (SCI) resulting in a high incidence of fractures. While likely caused in part by loss of weight-bearing, there is greater bone loss following SCI when compared to that observed in other disuse animal models. Patients with SCI have a protracted inflammatory response, with elevated circulating levels of pro-inflammatory markers. Read More

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December 2018

Extended Duration of Hyperglycemia Result in Human-Like Corneal Nerve Lesions in Mice With Alloxan- and Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetes.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5868-5875

Laboratory of Pathology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Setsunan University, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: Previous experimental studies assessing corneal nerves as a measure of the severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy have yielded discordant results; this may have been due to the effect of the short duration of the induced diabetes. We investigated whether increases in the duration of hyperglycemia result in the development of corneal lesions in a mouse model of alloxan (AL)- or streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes. We further determined whether corneal nerve fiber density, intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD), and sural nerve morphology can be used as morphologic markers of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in rodent models. Read More

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December 2018

Augmented ILT3/LILRB4 Expression of Peripheral Blood Antibody Secreting Cells in the Acute-Phase of Kawasaki Disease.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Sendai Medical Center, 2-8-8 Miyagino, Sendai 983-8520, Japan.

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, systemic vasculitis syndrome that occurs in children. The clinical symptoms and epidemiological features of KD strongly suggest that KD is triggered by unidentified infectious agents in genetically predisposed patients. In addition, a number of studies have described the role of B cells in the development of KD. Read More

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December 2018

Are Peripheral Nerve Blocks Indicated in Ambulatory Knee Surgery?

Anesth Analg 2019 Jan;128(1):3-4

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

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January 2019

QAPSA: Post-Marketing Surveillance of Capsaicin 8% Patch for Long-Term Use in Patients with Peripheral Neuropathic Pain in France.

Curr Med Res Opin 2018 Dec 14:1-27. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

b Centre d'Evaluation et de Traitement de la Douleur, Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) , Université Paris Descartes , Paris , INSERM U987 , France.

(236/250 words) Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients treated with the capsaicin 8% patch, prescribing conditions, long-term effects of repeat treatment on pain intensity and perception, quality of life, and impact on concomitant medication.

Methods: A national, longitudinal, prospective, non-interventional, post-marketing open study was conducted in 50 French pain centers. Adult volunteer non-diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathic pain receiving capsaicin 8% patch treatment were consecutively enrolled. Read More

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December 2018

[Therapeutic effect of nasal corticosteroids combined with nasal antihistamine on vasomotor rhinitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1783-1787

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, 550002, China.

To observe the clinical efficacy of nasal corticosteroids combined with nasal antihistamine in the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis. One hundred and twenty vasomotor rhinitis patients were randomly divided into three groups including budesonide group, azelastine group, and budesonide and azelastine group with 40 cases in each. Nasal spray with nasal corticosteroids and nasal antihistamines was applied for combined treatment group, while the patients in budesonide group and azelastine group were given only nasal corticosteroids and nasal antihistamines, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

[Different phenotypes in patients with chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1774-1778

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Nanjing General Hospital of PLA.

To investigate the clinical features of patients with chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps. The data of 134 patients with chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps were analyzed, retrospectively. Based on the results of the histopathological examination, patients were divided into eosinophilic chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps(ECRSwBNP) group and noneosinophilic chronic sinusitis with bilateral nasal polyps(nonECRSwBNP) group. Read More

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December 2018
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[Gene expression profile analysis involved in pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis by using bioinformatics method as a novel way of drug screening].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1464-1468

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Affiliated to Capital Medical University.

To analyze the dynamic changes of the clinical features of chronic rhinosinusitis in recent 10 years, so as to deeply understand the characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis, and to provide new ideas for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. This retrospective study was performed in patients who were diagnosed as chronic rhinosinusitis and enrolled. General information, clinical examination and pathological results were all collected, then patients' age, gender, the incidence of asthma and allergic rhinitis, peripheral eosinophil percentage, olfactory dysfunction and pathological results were statistically analyzed. Read More

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October 2018

[The changes of clinical characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis in recent 10 years].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1459-1463

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery(Capital Medical University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100730, China.

To analyze the dynamic changes of the clinical features of chronic rhinosinusitis in recent 10 years, so as to deeply understand the characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis, and to provide new ideas for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. This retrospective study was performed in patients who were diagnosed as chronic rhinosinusitis and enrolled. General information, clinical examination and pathological results were all collected, then patients' age, gender, the incidence of asthma and allergic rhinitis, peripheral eosinophil percentage, olfactory dysfunction and pathological results were statistically analyzed. Read More

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October 2018

[Effects of budesonide aerosol inhalation on the immunological functions of peripheral dendritic cells in patients with allergic rhinitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1391-1395

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710061, China.

To investigate the immunologic functional changes of peripheral dendritic cells (DC) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) during the treatment by budesonide aerosol inhalation.25 patients with moderate to severe persistent AR were concluded in current study, and they were given budesonide aerosol inhalation for 8 weeks. AR related nasal symptom scores and indices, peripheral DC counts and percentages as well as their activation before and 4 weeks, 8 weeks after treatment were determined. Read More

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September 2018

[The prognostication of development of peri-apical abscess under chronic periodontitis by blood parameters and cell immunity in children].

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):31-34

The Federal state budget educational institution of higher education "The South-Western state university", 305040, Kursk, Russia.

The chronic periodontitis in children is frequently complicated by development of periapical abscess under inadequate conservative therapy. However, prognostic models of estimation of probability of its development are lacking. The purpose of study is to develop regression models of prognostication of periapical abscess under chronic periodontitis in children according indices of peripheral blood and systemic cellular immunity. Read More

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January 2018

The Efficacy of Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Guillain-Barré Syndrome: The Experience of a Tertiary Medical Center.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):754-760

Borenstein Talpiot Medical Leadership Program, 2013, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Background: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system with a typical presentation of acute paralysis and hyporeflexia. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and plasma exchange (PLEX) are treatments that have proven to expedite recuperation and recovery of motor function.

Objectives: To describe our experience at one tertiary medical center treating GBS with IVIG and to compare the efficacy of IVIG as the sole treatment versus combined therapy of IVIG and plasma exchange. Read More

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December 2018

BDNF Val66Met is Associated with Pre-existing but not with Paclitaxel-induced Peripheral Neuropathy in an Israeli Cohort of Breast Cancer Patients.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):746-748

Department of Hematology, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel, affiliated with Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel.

Background: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neuronal growth factor that is important for the development, maintenance, and repair of the peripheral nervous system. The BDNF gene commonly carries a single nucleotide polymorphism (Val66Met-SNP), which affects the cellular distribution and activity-dependent secretion of BDNF in neuronal cells.

Objectives: To check the association between BDNF Val66Met-SNP as a predisposition that enhances the development of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in an Israeli cohort of patients with breast cancer who were treated with paclitaxel. Read More

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December 2018

Identification of a Novel Gene Mutation in a Chinese Pedigree with X-linked Thrombocytopenia.

Clin Lab 2018 Oct;64(11)

Background: X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) is a milder form of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), characterized predominantly by thrombocytopenia with small-sized platelets. Mutations in the WAS gene are responsible for the disease. We herein detected a new mutation in the WAS gene responsible for XLT in a 3-generation Chinese pedigree. Read More

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October 2018

Serum Cryptococcal Antigen Confirmed Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in an Immune-competent Adult Firstly Misdiagnosed of Tuberculosis from a Lung Biopsy: a Case Report and Literature Review.

Clin Lab 2018 Oct;64(11)

Background: Cryptococcal pneumonia is an uncommon lesion in immune-competent adults. Histological evidence of Cryptococcus neoformans is a gold criterion for diagnosis. Here we report a case firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis from a lung biopsy. Read More

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October 2018

LBH mRNA Expression and Polymorphisms in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Clin Lab 2018 Oct;64(11)

Background: This study was performed to determine the mRNA expression levels of limb-bud and heart (LBH) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to assess the associations of LBH rs7579944 and rs906868 polymorphisms with RA in a Chinese population. Methods: Real-time transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to determine the LBH mRNA expression in PBMCs from 53 patients with RA and 58 healthy controls, and LBH rs7579944 and rs906868 polymorphisms were genotyped in 328 RA patients and 449 healthy controls. Results: The LBH mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased in RA patients compared with healthy controls (p = 0. Read More

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October 2018

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Based on Abraxane/Human Neutrophils Cytopharmaceuticals with Radiotherapy for Gastric Cancer.

Small 2018 Dec 14:e1804191. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines and Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Drug Discovery for Metabolic Diseases, Center of Advanced Pharmaceuticals and Biomaterials, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, P. R. China.

Gastric cancer remains one of the most lethal cancers with high incidence and mortality worldwide. The majority of gastric cancer patients are those who have first been diagnosed in advanced stage, in which the standard chemo-radiotherapy produces limited benefit along with severe general toxicity, thus the demand for improved therapeutic efficacy and decreased side effects drives the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Here, a neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on Abraxane/human neutrophils (NEs) cytopharmaceuticals with radiotherapy is presented for effective cancer treatment. Read More

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December 2018

An integrated enrichment system to facilitate isolation and molecular characterization of single cancer cells from whole blood.

Cytometry A 2018 Dec;93(12):1226-1233

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) carry valuable biological information. While enumeration of CTCs in peripheral blood is an FDA-approved prognostic indicator of survival in metastatic prostate and other cancers, analysis of CTC phenotypic and genomic markers is needed to identify cancer origin and elucidate pathways that can guide therapeutic selection for personalized medicine. Given the emergence of single-cell mRNA sequencing technologies, a method is needed to isolate CTCs with high sensitivity and specificity as well as compatibility with downstream genomic analysis. Read More

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December 2018

A Flow Cytometry-Based Assay for High-Throughput Detection and Quantification of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps in Mixed Cell Populations.

Cytometry A 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are web-like structures composed of decondensed chromatin and antimicrobial proteins that are released into the extracellular space during microbial infections. This active cell death program is known as NETosis. To date, florescence microscopy is the widely accepted method for visualization and quantification of NETs. Read More

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December 2018

DNA damage signatures in peripheral blood cells (PBMC) as biomarkers in prodromal Huntington's disease.

Ann Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Biology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Easily accessible biomarkers in Huntington disease (HD) are actively searched. We investigated telomere length (TL) and DNA double-strand breaks (histone variant pγ-H2AX) as predictive disease biomarkers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 25 pre-manifest, 58 HD patients, with similar CAG expansion in the huntingtin gene (HTT) gene and 44 healthy controls (HC). PBMC from PRE-HD and HD groups showed shorter telomeres (p<0. Read More

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December 2018

Dysfunctional endothelial progenitor cells in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma in complete remission.

Cancer Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Patients with a history of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) are at increased long-term risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies report an association between the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD) and levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), which play an essential role in vascular injury repair. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential involvement of abnormal EPC level or function in the CAD risk of survivors of HL in remission. Read More

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December 2018

Ex-vivo percutaneous bypass: Limb perfusion in the setting of occlusive large bore sheath.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan.

Successful cardiac catheterization procedure begins with safe vascular access and ends with effective hemostasis after equipment removal. These new and advanced technologies in the cath lab require large-bore arterial accesses. Large-bore sheaths are associated with blood flow obstruction resulting in limb ischemia. Read More

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December 2018

Patient Reported Symptom-Mapping in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Muscle Nerve 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 25700 Southwood Dr., Southfield, MI, USA, 48075, 2487526328.

Introduction: To date, no method has been described or utilized to study the distribution of symptoms in carpal tunnel syndrome. We describe a technique of symptom-mapping that yields a population-based "anatomic profile" of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Methods: Symptoms were mapped on visual questionnaires depicting the volar hand, wrist and forearm. Read More

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December 2018

Validation of diagnostic methods for traumatic sensory neuropathy and neuropathic pain.

Muscle Nerve 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Departments of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Postal Box 52, 20521, Turku, Finland.

Introduction: We evaluated diagnostic value of sensory tests during recovery from iatrogenic sensory neuropathy using intraoperatively verified nerve injury with subjective symptoms as gold standard.

Methods: Inferior alveolar nerves were monitored neurophysiologically throughout mandibular osteotomy in 19 patients. Sensory disturbance was registered and sensation tested using clinical and quantitative sensory (QST) and neurophysiologic tests postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, 12 months. Read More

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December 2018

Peripheral fat distribution versus waist circumference in metabolic syndrome for predicting mortality.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 13:e3116. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Family Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital; and School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Objective To elucidate whether the PF-combined definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS) would show a better predictive ability for cause-specific mortality than the common MetS. Methods The data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 through 2002. We investigated three types of MetS including WCMetS, PFMetS, and PF-combined definition MetS. Read More

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December 2018

Structural and biochemical evaluation of Ceratitis capitata OBP22 affinity for odorants involved in inter-sex communication.

Insect Mol Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biology and Biotechnology "L. Spallanzani", University of Pavia, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

In insects, odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) connect the peripheral sensory system to receptors of olfactory organs. Medfly Ceratitis capitata CcapObp22 shows 37% identity and close phylogenetic affinities with Drosophila melanogaster OBP69a/PB-PRP1 (pheromone-binding protein related protein 1). The CcapObp22 gene is transcribed in the antennae and maxillary palps, suggesting an active role in olfaction. Read More

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December 2018

Microfluidic techniques for tumor cell detection.

Electrophoresis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Communication Engineering, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan, P. R. China.

Cancer metastasis is the main cause of cancer-related death. Early detection of tumor cell in peripheral blood is of great significant to early diagnosis and effective treatment of cancer. Over the past two decades, microfluidic technologies have been demonstrated to have great potential for isolating and detecting tumor cell from blood. Read More

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December 2018

Defining the complement C3 binding site and the antigenic region of Haemonchus contortus GAPDH.

Parasite Immunol 2018 Dec 12:e12611. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Biochemistry, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India, 243122.

Haemonchus contortus is an economically important parasite that survives the host defense system by modulating the immune response. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is secreted by the parasite and the host responds by producing anti-enzyme antibodies. The enzyme inhibits complement cascade, an arm of the innate immunity, by binding to complement C3. Read More

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December 2018

Unpredictable Behavior Under the Influence of "Magic Mushrooms": A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Forensic Medicine Department, University Hospital of Lyon, 5 place d'Arsonval, Lyon, France.

Fatalities implicating psychedelic mushrooms are not a common clinical situation in everyday forensic medicine. Despite classification as an illegal drug in many countries, psilocybin mushrooms have the reputation of being safe. We report the case of a young man who jumped from a second story balcony under the influence of psilocybin mushrooms. Read More

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December 2018

Impaired Vascular Function in Exercising Anovulatory Premenopausal Women is Associated with Low Bone Mineral Density.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Penn State University, Department of Kinesiology, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States.

In estrogen deficient postmenopausal women, osteoporosis shares a common link with cardiovascular disease risk, including endothelial dysfunction. The current study sought to examine associations between bone mineral density (BMD) and endothelial function in estrogen deficient premenopausal women with exercise-associated menstrual disturbances. Recreationally trained women (24. Read More

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December 2018
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Repeatability and reproducibility of variable flip angle T quantification in the prostate at 3 T.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, California, Los Angeles, USA.

Background: Variable flip angle (VFA) imaging is widely used for the estimation of T relaxation in the prostate, but may have limited repeatability and reproducibility due to its sensitivity to B inhomogeneity.

Purpose: To assess the repeatability and reproducibility of prostate T estimation with and without compensating for B variation.

Study Type: Prospective. Read More

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December 2018

Identification of a de novo splicing variant in the Coffin-Siris gene, SMARCE1, in a patient with Angelman-like syndrome.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Genetics Laboratory, UDIAT-Centre Diagnòstic, Parc Taulí Hospital Universitari, Institut d'Investigació i Innovació Parc Taulí I3PT, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Sabadell, Spain.

Background: Patients affected by Angelman syndrome (AS) present severe intellectual disability, lack of speech, ataxia, seizures, abnormal electroencephalography (EEG), and a characteristic behavioral phenotype. Around 10% of patients with a clinical diagnosis of AS (AS-like) do not have an identifiable molecular defect. Some of these patients harbor alternative genetic defects that present overlapping features with AS. Read More

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December 2018

Neuroinflammation in the central nervous system: Symphony of glial cells.

Glia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Neuroscience, State Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Neuroinflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) is an important subject of neuroimmunological research. Emerging evidence suggests that neuroinflammation is a key player in various neurological disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases and CNS injury. Neuroinflammation is a complex and well-orchestrated process by various groups of glial cells in CNS and peripheral immune cells. Read More

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December 2018

Optical coherence tomography in the investigation of systemic neurologic disease.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a well-established technique for the clinical examination, diagnosis, severity staging and monitoring of ophthalmic disorders. The application of this technology has more recently been extended beyond ophthalmic disease, whereby it has been demonstrated that OCT can serve as an ophthalmic marker for a range of systemic neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and diabetic peripheral neuropathy. This review will focus on the clinical utility of OCT-derived retinal measures for the investigation of these conditions. Read More

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December 2018

PACAP through EGFR transactivation preserves human corneal endothelial integrity.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, Section of Human Anatomy and Histology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

The corneal endothelium is composed of a single hexagonal-shaped cells layer adherent to the Descemet's membrane. The primary function of these cells is maintaining of tissue clarity by regulating its hydration. Trauma, aging or other pathologies cause their loss, counterbalanced by enlargement of survived cells unable to guarantee an efficient fluid pumping to and from the stroma. Read More

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December 2018
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The feasibility and efficacy of subcutaneous plerixafor for mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells in allogeneic HLA-identical sibling donors: results of the HOVON-107 study.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Hematology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Plerixafor (PFX) mobilizes CD34+ cells into circulation by disrupting the CXCR4 binding of the hematopoietic stem cell in its bone marrow niche.

Study Design And Methods: in the prospective HOVON-107 study (www.hovon. Read More

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December 2018

Periostin levels in children without respiratory disease.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Periostin is a protein that serves as a downstream marker of the T-helper type 2 (Th2) cell response. It may serve to identify drug-responsive inflammatory phenotypes, particularly in children with asthma and possibly bronchiolitis. There are no published levels of periostin in healthy children <2 years of age, limiting interpretation of periostin levels in disease. Read More

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December 2018

TNF, but not hyperinsulinemia or hyperglycemia, is a key driver of obesity-induced monocytosis revealing that inflammatory monocytes correlate with insulin in obese male mice.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(23):e13937

Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Inflammation contributes to obesity-related hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, which often precede type 2 diabetes. Inflammation is one way that obesity can promote insulin resistance. It is not clear if the extent of obesity, hyperinsulinemia, or hyperglycemia, underpins changes in cellular immunity during diet-induced obesity. Read More

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December 2018

A Retrospective Analysis of 25 Cases With Peripheral Nerve Field Stimulation for Chronic Low Back Pain and the Predictive Value of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Patient Selection.

Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Objective: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNFS) may be proposed to patients with chronic lumbar pain refractory to conventional treatment. Aim of this study was to assess the importance of preoperatively treatment with TENS as a predictive value for later successful PNFS and impact of PNFS in follow-up of 12 months.

Methods: Between 2012 and 2016, a retrospective analysis of 25 patients with chronic lumbar pain and implantation of a PNFS-system was performed. Read More

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December 2018

Role of soluble inflammatory mediators and different immune cell populations in early control of symptomatic acute hepatitis C virus infection.

J Viral Hepat 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

The natural course of acute Hepatitis C Virus (aHCV) infection is highly heterogeneous and only few biomarkers have been identified to reliably predict the outcome of infection. We analyzed a large panel of serum soluble inflammatory mediators, immune cell frequencies and phenotypes using peripheral blood samples from 26 patients with symptomatic aHCV infection from a controlled randomized. We found that patients with a spontaneous early HCV control demonstrated a distinct expression pattern of various soluble immune mediators including IFNα and IL-16. Read More

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December 2018

Right Mini-Thoracotomy Subaortic Membrane Resection.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):428-432

From the Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY USA.

Objective: Subaortic membrane is an anatomical intracardiac anomaly that may cause discrete subaortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency. Patients requiring subaortic membrane resection may benefit from a minimally invasive approach; however, subaortic membranes are typically resected through a median sternotomy. We present our initial clinical experience of adult patients who have undergone a mini-thoracotomy subaortic membrane resection. Read More

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December 2018

Cytokines and male infertility.

Eur Cytokine Netw 2018 Sep;29(3):73-82

Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. "Papageorgiou General Hospital", Ring Road-Nea Efkarpia, 56403 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Many male infertility cases have no apparent cause, being characterized as idiopathic. Both inflammation and obesity have long been associated with infertility. On one hand, inflammation, such as orchitis and male accessory gland infections (MAGIs), are regulated by inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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September 2018
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A phase II study of a modified hyper-CVAD frontline therapy for patients with adverse risk diffuse large B-cell and peripheral T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Leuk Lymphoma 2018 Dec 14:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

j Department of Haematology , Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre , Melbourne , Australia.

To improve complete remission (CR) rates by reducing toxicity and enhancing delivery, we created a modified hyper-CVAD/MA regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone/methotrexate, cytarabine) by reducing the cytarabine dose (3 g/m to 2 g/m) and number of cycles (eight to six). We conducted a phase II trial in the pre-rituximab era in the intermediate-high international prognostic index (IPI) (≥2) de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) (ACTRN12605000105640). CR rates were compared with reported IPI-stratified rates. Read More

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December 2018
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