Anesthesiol Clin 2016 Dec;34(4):645-658
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 622 West 168th Street-PH 5, New York, NY 10032, USA.
Hepatic and renal disease are common comorbidities in patients presenting for intermediate- and high-risk surgery. With the evolution of perioperative medicine, anesthesiologists are encountering more patients who have significant hepatic and renal disease, both acute and chronic in nature. It is important that anesthesiologists have an in-depth understanding of the physiologic derangements seen with hepatic and renal disease to evaluate and manage these patients appropriately. Read More