550 results match your criteria Perioperative Management of the Geriatric Patient


Congestive heart failure and comorbidity as determinants of colorectal cancer perioperative outcomes.

Updates Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Epidemiological Department (SER), Azienda Zero, Via Jacopo Avanzo 35, Veneto Region, 35132, Padua, Italy.

There has been an increase in surgical interventions in frailer elderly with concomitant chronic diseases. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the impact of aging and comorbidities on outcomes in patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Veneto Region (Northeastern Italy). This is a retrospective cohort study in patients ≥ 40 years who underwent elective or urgent CRC surgical resection between January 2013 and December 2015. Read More

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Outcomes of Older Patients with Resectable Colorectal Liver Metastases Cancer (CRLM): Single Center Experience.

Curr Oncol 2021 May 18;28(3):1899-1908. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Medicine, Hematology-Oncology Division, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, QC H2X 0C1, Canada.

Surgery is the only potential curative option of CRLM if resectable. The curative approach in patients over 70 years old is challenging mainly because of comorbidities and other geriatric syndromes. Herein, we report outcomes of older patients with resectable CRLM in our center. Read More

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Interprosthetic Femoral Fractures Surgical Treatment in Geriatric Patients.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2021 4;12:21514593211013790. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Handsurgery and Traumatology at City Hospital Waid and Triemli, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are becoming an increasingly standard procedure in the whole world. In conjunction with an aging population and increased prevalence of osteoporosis, proper management of periprosthetic, and interprosthetic fractures is of great interest to orthopedic surgeons. This study aims to report the clinical and radiographic outcomes, complications and reoperations of IFFs in geriatric patients. Read More

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Factors affecting the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission to anesthesiologists performing endotracheal intubation in patients with SARS-CoV-2.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):1915-1927. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Background: In this study, we estimated the predictive factors of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission in anesthesiologists performing endotracheal intubation in patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2.

Method: We analyzed data from a survey conducted by the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology Task Force on Airway Management on endotracheal intubation in 98 patients with SARS-CoV-2 confirmed through nucleic acid testing and chest computed tomography. The multivariate logistic model with stepwise selection was used for selecting the predictive factors significantly associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in the corresponding anesthesiologists. Read More

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The impact of loco-regional anaesthesia on postoperative opioid use in elderly hip fracture patients: an observational study.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Anesthesiology, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.

Purpose: Hip fractures are a common health problem among the elderly with an increasing incidence. They are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Optimal pain management remains challenging and inadequate pain control is known for negatively affecting outcomes. Read More

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Anaesthesia for the elderly: a narrative review.

Authors:
Cynthia Olotu

Minerva Anestesiol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Geriatric Anaesthesiology Research Group, Department of Anaesthesiology, Centre of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany -

As octogenarians in the operation room are no longer an exemption but the norm, perioperative management needs to be adopted to meet the special requirements of this group of patients. Anaesthesia does not need to be re-invented to fit the elderly. However, as elderly patients are among those most affected by adverse postoperative outcomes, the same diligence that is as a matter of course exercised in anaesthesiologic care of the youngest patients needs to be exercised for the eldest as well. Read More

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Discriminative Ability for Adverse Outcomes After Hip Fracture Surgery: A Comparison of Three Commonly Used Comorbidity-Based Indices.

Gerontology 2021 Apr 23:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Introduction: Preoperative risk assessment can predict adverse outcomes following hip fracture surgery, helping with decision-making and management strategies. Several risk adjustment models based on coded comorbidities such as Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), modified Elixhauser's Comorbidity Measure (mECM), and modified frailty index (mFI-5) are currently prevalent for orthopedic patients, but there is no consensus regarding which is optimal. The primary purpose was to identify the risk factors of CCI, mECM, and mFI-5, as well as patient characteristics for predicting (1) 1-month, 3-month, 1-year, and 2-year mortality, (2) perioperative complications, and (3) extended length of stay (LOS) following hip fractured surgery. Read More

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Effects of comprehensive geriatric care models on postoperative outcomes in geriatric surgical patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 22;21(1):127. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, MCL 2-405, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, M5T2S8, Canada.

Background: The elderly population is highly susceptible to develop post-operative complications after major surgeries. It is not clear whether the comprehensive geriatric care models are effective in reducing adverse events. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine whether the comprehensive geriatric care models improved clinical outcomes, particularly in decreasing the prevalence of delirium and length of hospital stay (LOS) in elderly surgical patients. Read More

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Prevention of postoperative delirium through the avoidance of potentially inappropriate medications in a geriatric surgical patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

We demonstrate the utility of risk stratification for postoperative delirium in geriatric patients and show that postoperative delirium can be prevented in high-risk patients when potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) (medications that are best avoided in older adults) are avoided. In this case, a 65-year-old woman underwent two debridement procedures with similar presurgical risk for postoperative delirium. There was no risk stratification or preoperative cognitive assessment in the first procedure, she received PIMs and developed postoperative delirium. Read More

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Outcomes of COVID-19 Negative Hip Fracture Patients During the Acute and Subacute Pandemic.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2021 31;12:21514593211006692. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objectives: To better elucidate how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the operatively treated geriatric hip fracture population and how the health care system adapted to pandemic dictated procedures.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: A community hospital. Read More

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Perioperative frailty: lessons learned and future directions.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 Jun;34(3):373-380

Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Purpose Of Review: As the surgical population ages, preoperative diagnosis and optimization of frailty becomes increasingly important. Various concepts are used to define frailty, and several tools have been validated for use in the perioperative period. This article reviews current conceptual frameworks of frailty, references current literature and provides a practical approach to the preoperative frailty assessment with a focus on potential interventions. Read More

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Erector spinae plane block for minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: a double-blind, prospective, randomised placebo-controlled trial-a study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 04 2;11(4):e045833. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Anaesthesiology, KU Leuven University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Introduction: In the context of enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery, surgical techniques for mitral valve surgery have witnessed substantial modifications, from approaching the heart using open approaches with traditional sternotomy to thoracoscopic access via minithoracotomy. After cardiac surgery, acute postoperative pain is frequent and caused by surgical incision and retraction. Perioperative analgesia in cardiac surgery still relies mainly on opioids. Read More

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Orthogeriatric Management: Improvements in Outcomes during Hospital Admission Due to Hip Fracture.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 16;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Hip fractures are an important socio-economic problem in western countries. Over the past 60 years orthogeriatric care has improved the management of older patients admitted to hospital after suffering hip fractures. Quality of care in orthogeriatric co-management units has increased, reducing adverse events during acute admission, length of stay, both in-hospital and mid-term mortality, as well as healthcare and social costs. Read More

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Improving Adherence to Intraoperative Lung-Protective Ventilation Strategies Using Near Real-Time Feedback and Individualized Electronic Reporting.

Anesth Analg 2021 05;132(5):1438-1449

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Background: Postoperative pulmonary complications can have a significant impact on the morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing major surgeries. Intraoperative lung protective strategies using low tidal volume (TV) ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) have been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of pulmonary injury and infection while improving oxygenation and respiratory mechanics. The purpose of this study was to develop decision support systems designed to optimize behavior of the attending anesthesiologist with regards to adherence with established intraoperative lung-protective ventilation (LPV) strategies. Read More

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Application of four nutritional risk indexes in perioperative management for esophageal cancer patients.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Beijing, 100021, China.

Purpose: The Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI), and Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score were devised for quantifying nutritional risk. This study evaluated their properties in detecting compromised nutrition and guiding perioperative management of esophageal cancer patients.

Methods: A prospective institutional database of esophageal cancer patients was reviewed and analyzed. Read More

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Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (4th edition).

Autophagy 2021 Jan 8;17(1):1-382. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

University of Crete, School of Medicine, Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology and Microbial Pathogenesis, Voutes, Heraklion, Crete, Greece; Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB), Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Read More

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January 2021

[Risk factors analysis for postoperative mortality of elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing hemiarthroplasty].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;35(2):217-220

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Zhongda Hospital Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210009, P.R.China;Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) for Geriatric Hip Fracture Management, Zhongda Hospital Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210009, P.R.China;Trauma Center, Zhongda Hospital Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210009, P.R.China;Orthopaedic Trauma Institute of Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210009, P.R.China;School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210009, P.R.China.

Objective: To analyze the risk factors for postoperative mortality of the elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing hemiarthroplasty.

Methods: Patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures between January 2011 and December 2015 were enrolled as object. One hundred and nine patients who met the selection criteria were included in the study, and the clinical data were collected, including gender, age, time from admission to surgery, comorbidities, and preoperative hemoglobin level and nutritional status. Read More

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February 2021

Enabling a learning healthcare system with automated computer protocols that produce replicable and personalized clinician actions.

J Am Med Inform Assoc 2021 Jun;28(6):1330-1344

Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine.

Clinical decision-making is based on knowledge, expertise, and authority, with clinicians approving almost every intervention-the starting point for delivery of "All the right care, but only the right care," an unachieved healthcare quality improvement goal. Unaided clinicians suffer from human cognitive limitations and biases when decisions are based only on their training, expertise, and experience. Electronic health records (EHRs) could improve healthcare with robust decision-support tools that reduce unwarranted variation of clinician decisions and actions. Read More

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A comprehensive program for enhanced management of femoral neck fractures including an enhanced recovery after surgery program: A retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e24331

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ningbo NO. 6 Hospital, Zhejiang, China.

Abstract: To retrospectively analyze the functional outcomes and complications in patients who underwent hip arthroplasty with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program for femoral neck fractures.Between June 2015 and May 2019, 1138 patients with femoral neck fractures were treated in our department. According to the Garden classification system, 467 cases were type III and 671 cases were type IV with an average age of 74. Read More

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February 2021

Body mass index affects postoperative daily activities of older patients after gastrectomy.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174, Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the impact of preoperative body mass index (BMI) on postoperative activities of daily living (ADL) and clinical outcomes in older patients who underwent curative gastrectomy.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study using a nationwide inpatient database in Japan. The study included 1769 patients with gastric cancer, aged ≥ 65 years old, who underwent gastrectomy. Read More

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February 2021

Early Outcomes After Surgical Management of Geriatric Patella Fractures.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2021 24;12:2151459320987699. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objectives: To report the incidence and risk factors for prolonged hospitalization, discharge to a facility, and postoperative complications in geriatric patients who underwent surgery for patella fracture.

Design: Retrospective database review.

Setting: The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) collects data from 600 hospitals across the United States. Read More

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January 2021

Randomised controlled trial protocol for the PROTECT-CS Study: PROTein to Enhance outComes of (pre)frail paTients undergoing Cardiac Surgery.

BMJ Open 2021 01 29;11(1):e037240. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, St. Boniface General Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Introduction: In the past 20 years, the increasing burden of heart disease in an ageing population has resulted in cardiac surgery (CS) being offered to more frail and older patients with multiple comorbidities. Frailty and malnutrition are key geriatric syndromes that impact postoperative outcomes, including morbidity, mortality and prolonged hospital length of stay. Enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs), such as prehabilitation, have been associated with a reduction in complications after CS in vulnerable patients. Read More

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January 2021

Anesthetic management of a "Supercentenarian" (Oldest living person on Earth) posted for an emergency surgery.

Saudi J Anaesth 2020 Oct-Dec;14(4):531-534. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Army Hospital (R&R), New Delhi, India.

With the rise in living standards and evolution of science, there is a rise in life expectancy world over. This demographic transition has led to a rise in older persons, increasing the dependency ratios and "demographic burden." Management of such old patients requires special considerations and understanding as aging is a physiological phenomenon in which the functional capacity of organs decreases due to degenerative changes in the structure. Read More

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September 2020

Protocol for evaluation of perioperative risk in patients aged over 75 years: Aged Patient Perioperative Longitudinal Evaluation-Multidisciplinary Trial (APPLE-MDT study).

BMC Geriatr 2021 01 6;21(1):14. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

China National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Beijing, 100053, China.

Background: With the extended life expectancy of the Chinese population and improvements in surgery and anesthesia techniques, the number of aged patients undergoing surgery has been increasing annually. However, safety, effectiveness, and quality of life of aged patients undergoing surgery are facing major challenges. In order to standardize the perioperative assessment and procedures, we have developed a perioperative evaluation and auxiliary decision-making system named "Aged Patient Perioperative Longitudinal Evaluation-Multidisciplinary Trial (APPLE-MDT)". Read More

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January 2021

A key role for comprehensive geriatric assessment in aortic valve replacement.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Dec 22;13(12). Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Department of Medicine for Elderly People, Whipps Cross Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

As our population ages, the demand for surgical services in older people is increasing exponentially. Shown to be indispensable in the care of medical patients, use of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is also growing in the perioperative setting. We present the case of a previously independent 82-year-old man who underwent a standard preoperative assessment and surgical aortic valve replacement. Read More

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December 2020

Comparison of the effect of epidural versus intravenous patient controlled analgesia on inpatient and outpatient functional outcomes after adult degenerative scoliosis surgery: a comparative study.

Spine J 2021 05 23;21(5):765-771. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Neurological Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5151 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75235 USA; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5151 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75235 USA.

Background: Perioperative pain can negatively impact patient recovery after spine surgery and be a contributing factor to increased hospital length of stay and cost. Most data currently available is extrapolated from adolescent idiopathic cases and may not apply to adult and geriatric populations with thoracolumbar spine degeneration.

Purpose: Study the impact of epidural analgesia on pain control and outcomes after adult degenerative scoliosis surgery in a large single-institution series of adult patients undergoing thoraco-lumbar-pelvic fusion. Read More

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Early outcomes of supratentorial cranial surgery for tumor resection in older patients.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Jan 17;83:88-95. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

With longevity increasing in the United States, more older individuals are presenting with supratentorial brain tumors. Despite improved perioperative management, there is persistent disparity in surgical resection rates among patients aged 65 years or older. We aim to assess the effects of advanced age (≥65 years) on 30-day outcomes in patients with supratentorial tumors who underwent craniotomy for supratentorial tumor resection. Read More

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January 2021

The Effect of Orthostatic Hypotension Detected Pre-Operatively on Post-Operative Outcome.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 03 11;69(3):767-772. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Anaesthetics Department & Pre-Operative Assessment Clinic, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Exacerbation of or new onset orthostatic hypotension in perioperative patients can occur. There is complex underlying pathophysiology with further derailment likely caused by acute cardiovascular changes associated with surgery. The implications for post-operative recovery are unclear, particularly in frail and older patients. Read More

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Association of Geriatric Events With Perioperative Outcomes After Elective Inpatient Surgery.

J Surg Res 2021 03 7;259:192-199. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Older adults undergoing surgery are at risk for geriatric events (GEs: delirium, dehydration, falls or fractures, failure to thrive, and pressure ulcers). The prevalence and association of GEs with clinical outcomes after elective surgery is unclear.

Materials And Methods: Using the 2013-2014 National Inpatient Sample, we analyzed hospital admissions for the five most common elective procedures (total knee arthroplasty, right hemicolectomy, carotid endarterectomy, aortic valve replacement, and radical prostatectomy) in older adults (age ≥ 65). Read More

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Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block for Perioperative Pain Management of Geriatric Patients with Hip Fractures: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Pain Res Manag 2020 25;2020:8503963. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Division of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Department of Orthopaedics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Background: With continuous increase of the aging population, the number of geriatric patients with fragility hip fractures is rising sharply, and timely surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. However, adequate and effective pain control is the precondition of satisfactory efficacy. This systematic review aimed to summarize the use of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) as an analgesic strategy for perioperative pain management in geriatric patients with hip fractures. Read More

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