413 results match your criteria Perioperative Management of the Female Patient


Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Surgical Outcomes after Postmastectomy Breast Reconstruction.

J Am Coll Surg 2022 May;234(5):760-771

Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, NC (Ren, Greenup, Hwang, Hyslop, Fayanju).

Background: Women of color with breast cancer are less likely to undergo post-mastectomy reconstruction compared with White women, but it is unclear whether their perioperative outcomes are worse. The goal of this study was to investigate differences in preoperative comorbidities and postoperative complications by race/ethnicity among women with breast cancer undergoing postmastectomy reconstruction.

Study Design: Data were collected from the National Inpatient Sample database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2012 to 2016. Read More

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Multidisciplinary treatment of pancreatic cancer: a case report.

Gland Surg 2022 Mar;11(3):628-636

Institute of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Carcinoma of the head of pancreas has a high malignant degree and the 5-year survival rate at 5%. For unresectable pancreatic cancer, the 5-year survival rate is even lower. The clinical diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is difficult, and surgical indications are difficult to grasp. Read More

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Association Between Changes in Postoperative Opioid Utilization and Long-Term Health Care Spending Among Surgical Patients With Chronic Opioid Utilization.

Anesth Analg 2022 03;134(3):515-523

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: There is growing interest in identifying and developing interventions aimed at reducing the risk of increased, long-term opioid use among surgical patients. While understanding how these interventions impact health care spending has important policy implications and may facilitate the widespread adoption of these interventions, the extent to which they may impact health care spending among surgical patients who utilize opioids chronically is unknown.

Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of administrative health care claims data for privately insured patients. Read More

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Association of Medicaid Expansion With Neuraxial Labor Analgesia Use in the United States: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Anesth Analg 2022 03;134(3):505-514

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Background: The Affordable Care Act has been associated with increased Medicaid coverage for childbirth among low-income US women. We hypothesized that Medicaid expansion was associated with increased use of labor neuraxial analgesia.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of US women with singleton live births who underwent vaginal delivery or intrapartum cesarean delivery between 2009 and 2017. Read More

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The Perioperative Use of Benzodiazepines for Major Orthopedic Surgery in the United States.

Anesth Analg 2022 03;134(3):486-495

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Despite numerous indications for perioperative benzodiazepine use, associated risks may be exacerbated in elderly and comorbid patients. In the absence of national utilization data, we aimed to describe utilization patterns using national claims data from total hip/knee arthroplasty patients (THA/TKA), an increasingly older and vulnerable surgical population.

Methods: We included data on 1,863,996 TKAs and 985,471 THAs (Premier Healthcare claims data, 2006-2019). Read More

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Wound Infusion of 0.35% Levobupivacaine Reduces Mechanical Secondary Hyperalgesia and Opioid Consumption After Cesarean Delivery: A Prospective, Randomized, Triple-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Anesth Analg 2022 04;134(4):791-801

Department of Anesthesia, Hospital Universitario Infanta Elena, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Some patients still report moderate-to-severe postoperative pain after cesarean delivery. Local anesthetic wound infusion improves acute pain and might act on peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms; however, no studies have proved this hypothesis. We evaluated the potential benefits of continuous wound infusion of levobupivacaine after cesarean delivery on secondary hyperalgesia (primary end point) and primary hyperalgesia, pain relief, persistent pain, and inflammatory and metabolic stress response. Read More

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Safety and outcomes of performing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy at an ambulatory site of a tertiary care hospital in Ontario.

Can J Surg 2022 Jan-Feb;65(1):E38-E44. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

From the Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont. (Deghan Manshadi, Robertson, Zevin); the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ont. (Dehghan); and the Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont. (Reimer)

Background: In Ontario, bariatric surgery is publicly funded and is performed only in accredited tertiary care hospitals. The purpose of our study was to report on the safety and outcomes of performing bariatric surgery at an ambulatory site of a tertiary care hospital in southern Ontario.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult (age ≥ 18 yr) patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at the ambulatory site of our tertiary care hospital between September 2016 and August 2018. Read More

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February 2022

The Impact of Race on Perioperative and Patient-Reported Outcomes following Autologous Breast Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Jan;149(1):15-27

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgical Service, Department of Surgery, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Breast Surgery Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Background: Racial disparities are evident in multiple aspects of the perioperative care of breast cancer patients, but data examining whether such differences translate to clinical and patient-reported outcomes are limited. This study examined the impact of race on perioperative outcomes in autologous breast reconstruction.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study including all breast cancer patients who underwent immediate autologous breast reconstruction at a single institution from 2010 to 2017 was conducted. Read More

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January 2022

Neuromuscular Blockade and Reversal Practice Variability in the Outpatient Setting: Insights From US Utilization Patterns.

Anesth Analg 2021 12;133(6):1437-1450

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) is a critical part of many surgical procedures. Data on practice patterns of NMB agents (NMBAs) and NMB reversal in recent years in the US ambulatory surgical care setting are limited.

Methods: This retrospective analysis of US adult outpatients was conducted using the Premier Healthcare Database. Read More

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December 2021

Erector Spinae Plane Continuous Catheters for Refractory Abdominal Pain Related to Necrotizing Pancreatitis: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2021 Nov 5;15(11):e01543. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.

Erector spinae plane (ESP) continuous catheters are used for the management of postsurgical pain. The use of these catheters for acute nonsurgical abdominal pain is not well defined. This case describes a patient with refractory abdominal pain secondary to necrotizing pancreatitis despite escalating doses of opioids, ketamine, and dexmedetomidine. Read More

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November 2021

Postoperative Opioid Prescribing After Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2021 11;27(11):643-653

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA.

Objective: This study aimed to provide female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) providers with evidence-based guidance on opioid prescribing following surgery.

Methods: A literature search of English language publications between January 1, 2000, and March 31, 2021, was conducted. Search terms identified reports on opioid prescribing, perioperative opioid use, and postoperative pain after FPMRS procedures. Read More

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November 2021

Surgical stabilization of severe chest wall injury following cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2022 01;92(1):98-102

From the Department of Surgery (W.B.D., M.A., B.J.G., N.S., B.K., J.A.B., K.I.S.), Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; and Department of Surgery (E.A.E.), Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.

Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) contributes to significant chest wall injury similar to blunt trauma. With benefits realized for surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRFs) for flail injuries and severely displaced fractures following trauma, SSRF for chest wall injury following CPR could be advantageous, provided good functional and neurologic outlook. Experience is limited. Read More

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January 2022

Spinal Anesthesia or General Anesthesia for Hip Surgery in Older Adults.

N Engl J Med 2021 11 9;385(22):2025-2035. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

From the Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care (M.D.N., L.J.G., N.E., L.A.F.), Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics (R.F., A.J.S.-S., S.S.E.), and Orthopedic Surgery (S.M.) and the Centers for Perioperative Outcomes Research and Transformation (M.D.N., L.J.G., N.E., L.A.F.) and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (R.F., J.D., A.T., A.J.S.-S., S.S.E.), University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, the Department of Anesthesiology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University (E.S.S.), the Center for Advocacy for the Rights and Interests of the Elderly (D.M.), and the Department of Anesthesiology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (E.H.), Philadelphia; the Division of General Internal Medicine, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ (J.L.C.); the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton (D.D.), the Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (T.S.), the Division of Orthopaedics, Ottawa Hospital Civic Campus, Ottawa (S.P.), the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Toronto (K.-J.C.), and the Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (S.C.), Toronto, and the Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS (M.K.K.) - all in Canada; the Department of Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland (D.I.S., S. Ayad); the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions (F.S.), and the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine (J.M.) - both in Baltimore; the Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School (E.R.M.), and the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School (K.V.), Boston, and the Department of Anesthesiology, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington (B.S.) - all in Massachusetts; the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Care, and Pain Medicine, New York University Langone Health (M.M.), and the Department of Anesthesiology, New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center (T.T.), New York, and the Department of Anesthesiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook (S. Azim) - all in New York; the Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (J.D.J.); the Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh (C.L.); the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inova Fairfax Medical Campus, Falls Church (R.A.H.), and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond (S.K.) - both in Virginia; the Department of Anesthesiology, Hartford Hospital, Hartford (R.S.), and the Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (J.L.) - both in Connecticut; Division of Hospital Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland (B.P.); the Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville (J.S.); the Department of Anesthesiology, University of Vermont Larner School of Medicine, Burlington, VT (M.A.H.); the Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit (M.G.); the Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City (Y.R.); the Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago (A.N.); Specialty of Anaesthetics, University of Sydney, Sydney (R.D.S.); and the Division of Multispecialty Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (B.F.S.A.).

Background: The effects of spinal anesthesia as compared with general anesthesia on the ability to walk in older adults undergoing surgery for hip fracture have not been well studied.

Methods: We conducted a pragmatic, randomized superiority trial to evaluate spinal anesthesia as compared with general anesthesia in previously ambulatory patients 50 years of age or older who were undergoing surgery for hip fracture at 46 U.S. Read More

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November 2021

Multidimensional Perioperative Recovery Trajectories in a Mixed Surgical Cohort: A Longitudinal Cluster Analysis Utilizing National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System Measures.

Anesth Analg 2022 02;134(2):279-290

Defense and Veterans Center for Integrative Pain Management, Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University, Rockville, Maryland.

Background: Pain trajectories have been described in numerous surgical settings where preoperative characteristics have been used to predict trajectory membership. Suboptimal pain intensity trajectories have been linked to poor longitudinal outcomes. However, numerous biopsychosocial modulators of postoperative pain may also have distinct longitudinal trajectories that may inform additional targets to improve postoperative recovery. Read More

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February 2022

Anesthetic Management and Outcomes of Patients With Epidermolysis Bullosa: Experience at a Tertiary Referral Center.

Anesth Analg 2022 04;134(4):810-821

Department of Anesthesiology, Nemours Children's Hospital, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.

Background: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare epithelial disorders caused by abnormal or absent structural proteins at the epidermal-dermal junction. As a result, patients experience blisters and wounds from mild shearing forces. Some forms of EB are complicated by resultant scarring and contractures. Read More

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Does drainage or resection predict subsequent interventions and long-term quality of life in patients with Grade IV pancreatic injuries: A population-based analysis.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 10;91(4):708-715

From the Department of Surgery (C.G.B., A.W.K.), University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Surgery (W.L.B.), Scripps Clinic Medical Group, La Jolla, California; Department of Surgery (S.M.H.), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Department of Surgery (K.V., N.G.P.), Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; and Department of Surgery (M.K.), Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Clinical equipoise remains significant for the treatment of Grade IV pancreatic injuries in stable patients (i.e., drainage vs. Read More

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October 2021

Evaluation of Appropriate Use of Preoperative Echocardiography before Major Abdominal Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesthesiology 2021 11;135(5):854-863

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Preoperative resting echocardiography is often performed before noncardiac surgery, but indications for preoperative resting echocardiography are limited. This study aimed to investigate appropriateness of preoperative resting echocardiography using the Appropriate Use Criteria for Echocardiography, which encompass indications from the guidelines on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management and nonperioperative indications independent of the perioperative period. The authors hypothesized that patients are frequently tested without an appropriate indication. Read More

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November 2021

Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin/Hepcidin-25 Ratio for Early Identification of Patients at Risk for Renal Replacement Therapy After Cardiac Surgery: A Substudy of the BICARBONATE Trial.

Anesth Analg 2021 12;133(6):1510-1519

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Helios Klinikum Leisnig, Leisnig, Germany.

Background: Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy (AKI-RRT) is strongly associated with mortality after cardiac surgery; however, options for early identification of patients at high risk for AKI-RRT are extremely limited. Early after cardiac surgery, the predictive ability for AKI-RRT even of one of the most extensively evaluated novel urinary biomarkers, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), appears to be only moderate. We aimed to determine whether the NGAL/hepcidin-25 ratio (urinary concentrations of NGAL divided by that of hepcidin-25) early after surgery may compare favorably to NGAL for identification of high-risk patients after cardiac surgery. Read More

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December 2021

Safety of Continuous Erector Spinae Catheters in Chest Trauma: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesth Analg 2021 11;133(5):1296-1302

School of Medicine, Griffith University, Birtinya, Queensland, Australia.

Background: The erector spinae block is an efficacious analgesic option for the management of rib fracture--related pain. Despite there being minimal published data specifically addressing the safety profile of this block, many societies have made statements regarding its safety and its use as an alternative to traditional regional anesthesia techniques in patients at risk of complications. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the safety profile of erector spinae plane block catheters by determining the incidence of early complications. Read More

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November 2021

Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome in the Obstetric Patient: A Case Report of Anesthetic Implications and Management.

A A Pract 2021 Aug 23;15(8):e01517. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

From the Department of Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare systemic syndrome characterized by venous malformations usually found in the skin and visceral organs. To date, 11 case reports describing BRBNS during pregnancy have been published. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing intracranial, airway, epidural, and birth canal involvement of venous malformations in the same parturient. Read More

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Practice Patterns and Variability in Intraoperative Opioid Utilization: A Report From the Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group.

Anesth Analg 2022 01;134(1):8-17

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background: Opioids remain the primary mode of analgesia intraoperatively. There are limited data on how patient, procedural, and institutional characteristics influence intraoperative opioid administration. The aim of this retrospective, longitudinal study from 2012 to 2016 was to assess how intraoperative opioid dosing varies by patient and clinical care factors and across multiple institutions over time. Read More

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January 2022

In-house intensivist presence does not affect mortality in select emergency general surgery patients.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 10;91(4):719-727

From the Department of Surgery-Trauma (A.P.R.), University Hospitals, Cleveland; Department of Surgery (S.A.S., A.Z.P., A.D., H.E.B., V.K.H.), Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center; Department of Surgery (K.B.R.), Johns Hopkins Medical School, Baltimore, MD; Department of Surgery (W.M.O.), University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL; Consulting Studio (H.P.S.), NBBJ Design LLC, Columbus, OH; Department of Trauma Surgery (H.P.S.), Kettering Medical Center, Kettering, OH; Center for Surgical Health Assessment, Research and Policy (S.A.S., K.B.R., A.Z.P., A.D., H.E.B., V.K.H., H.P.S.), Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; Department of Dermatology (V.T.D.), University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester MA; Department of Surgery (A.M.I.), University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; and Ohio State University College of Medicine (W.M.O.), Columbus, Ohio.

Background: This study aimed to assess the relationship between availability of round-the-clock (RTC) in-house intensivists and patient outcomes in people who underwent surgery for a life-threatening emergency general surgery (LT-EGS) disease such as necrotizing soft-tissue infection, ischemic enteritis, perforated viscus, and toxic colitis.

Methods: Data on hospital-level critical care structures and processes from a 2015 survey of 2,811 US hospitals were linked to patient-level data from 17 State Inpatient Databases. Patients who were admitted with a primary diagnosis code for an LT-EGS disease of interest and underwent surgery on date of admission were included in analyses. Read More

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October 2021

Interleukin-6 Is an Early Plasma Marker of Severe Postoperative Complications in Thoracic Surgery: Exploratory Results From a Substudy of a Randomized Controlled Multicenter Trial.

Anesth Analg 2022 01;134(1):123-132

Institute of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Postoperative complications in surgery are a significant burden, not only for the patients but also economically. While several predicting factors have already been identified, it is still not well known if increased levels of inflammatory markers in the immediate perioperative phase correlate with a higher incidence of postoperative complications. This study aimed to evaluate which patient characteristics and intraoperative parameters correlate with increased plasma values of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) of thoracic surgery patients. Read More

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January 2022

Quality of Recovery Following Orthopedic Surgery in Patients at an Academic Hospital in South Africa.

Anesth Analg 2021 08;133(2):507-514

From the Department of Anaesthesiology, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Measurement of perioperative quality of recovery (QoR) is an important tool in improving the patient's perioperative experience. By making use of the Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) questionnaire, this study aimed to measure the QoR on day 1 in patients following elective and semiurgent orthopedic surgery at an academic hospital. A secondary aim was to determine factors that may influence the QoR. Read More

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Analgesia After Cesarean Delivery in the United States 2008-2018: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesth Analg 2021 12;133(6):1550-1558

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Optimizing analgesia after cesarean delivery is a priority and requires balancing adequate pain relief with the risk of analgesics-associated adverse effects. Current recommendations are for use of a multimodal, opioid-sparing analgesic regimen that includes neuraxial morphine combined with scheduled nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and scheduled acetaminophen. Furthermore, recent studies recommend scheduled acetaminophen with as-needed opioids in lieu of acetaminophen-opioid combination drugs to reduce opioid consumption and optimize analgesia. Read More

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December 2021

Prediction of Prolonged Opioid Use After Surgery in Adolescents: Insights From Machine Learning.

Anesth Analg 2021 08;133(2):304-313

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Background: Long-term opioid use has negative health care consequences. Patients who undergo surgery are at risk for prolonged opioid use after surgery (POUS). While risk factors have been previously identified, no methods currently exist to determine higher-risk patients. Read More

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Blood Conservation and Hemostasis in Cardiac Surgery: A Survey of Practice Variation and Adoption of Evidence-Based Guidelines.

Anesth Analg 2021 07;133(1):104-114

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Blood conservation and hemostasis are integral parts of reducing avoidable blood transfusions and the associated morbidity and mortality. Despite the publication of blood conservation guidelines for cardiac surgery, evidence suggests persistent variability in practice patterns. Members of the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) created a survey to audit conformance to existing guidelines and use the results to help narrow the evidence-to-practice gap. Read More

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Optimizing surgical stabilization of rib fractures using intraoperative ultrasound localization.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 08;91(2):369-374

From the Department of Surgery, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Background: Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) significantly improve the outcomes of patients with rib fractures. Ultrasound is a specific modality for localizing rib fractures. We hypothesized that use of perioperative ultrasound localization of fracture sites optimizes surgical approach and clinical outcomes. Read More

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Anesthetic Complications Associated With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Pediatric Patients.

Anesth Analg 2021 08;133(2):483-490

From the Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas and Children's Health, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with high perioperative morbidity and mortality among adults. The incidence and severity of anesthetic complications in children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is unknown. We hypothesized that there would be an increased incidence of intra- and postoperative complications in children with SARS-CoV-2 infection as compared to those with negative testing. Read More

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