132 results match your criteria Perimortem Cesarean Delivery

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Obstetric Patient: Special Considerations.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2022 Jun 30;72(3):192-200. Epub 2022 Jan 30.

Dr. Vasantarao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Nashik, India.

The prevalence of cardiac arrest in pregnant women varies from 1/20,000 to 1/50,000 pregnancies and is associated with high fetomaternal mortality. The pregnant mother is more susceptible to cardiac arrest as hypoxia is poorly tolerated. Hemorrhage, eclampsia, sepsis, and embolism are common causes of arrest. Read More

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Trauma in pregnancy clinical practice guidelines: systematic review.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2022 Jun 15:1-8. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fondazione Policlinico Tor Vergata, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy.

Purpose: To objectively evaluate the methodological quality and clinical heterogeneity robustness of the published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on the management of trauma in pregnancy.

Materials And Methods: Pubmed, Google Scholar, UpToDate, and Scopus Database were searched. The risk of bias and quality assessment of the included CPGs were performed using "The Appraisal Of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II)" tool. Read More

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Perimortem Cesarean Section in a Patient with Intrapartum Cardiorespiratory Arrest Due to a Massive Amniotic Fluid Embolism.

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2022 04 16;226(2):139-141. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hospital "Sveti Duh" Zagreb, Croatia.

We report and discuss the case of a 29-year-old tercigravida with intrapartum cardiorespiratory arrest due to a massive amniotic fluid embolism and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. Perimortem caesarean section with B-Lynch compression uterine suture with simultaneous fetal and maternal resuscitation were performed with a favorable outcome for both the mother and the child. Read More

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A Novel Approach to Perimortem Cesarean Section Training with Human Cadavers.

Med Sci Educ 2022 Feb 14;32(1):13-15. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD USA.

Perimortem Cesarean section is a rare, time-sensitive, and invasive medical procedure. We describe a novel approach for high-fidelity training using a human cadaver with an inserted simulated gravid uterus. Read More

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February 2022

A ten-year retrospective review of maternal cardiac arrest: Incidence, characteristics, causes, and outcomes in a tertiary-care hospital in a developing country.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Nov;60(6):999-1004

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

Objective: Maternal cardiac arrest is rare. We retrospectively reviewed and reported (1) the incidence of maternal cardiac arrests during admissions for delivery; (2) the characteristics and causes of cardiac arrest; and (3) the mortality rate and outcomes in a referral, single-university, teaching hospital in Thailand.

Materials And Methods: Data on 23 cardiac arrests during admissions for delivery in the decade January 2006-December 2015 were retrospectively chart-reviewed. Read More

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November 2021

Pregnancy With Cardiac Arrest in the Emergency Department: Case Report With Review of Literature.

Cureus 2021 Mar 27;13(3):e14148. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Emergency Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, IND.

Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is an uncommon encounter, with the incidence being one in every 12,000 hospital admissions for delivery. Here we present, one such patient and our experience in managing the patient. A 23-year-old, third-trimester pregnant female presented with a history of polytrauma following a road traffic accident. Read More

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Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a woman with twin pregnancy.

Perfusion 2022 05 19;37(4):422-425. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Khon Kaen hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Introduction: Maternal cardiac arrest is a rare condition. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pregnancy is different from that in other populations due to physiological changes in patients. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is recommended in patients having cardiac arrest with potentially reversible etiologies. Read More

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Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Special Statement: Checklist for initial management of amniotic fluid embolism.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 04 6;224(4):B29-B32. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, 409 12 St. SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA.

Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare syndrome characterized by sudden cardiorespiratory collapse during labor or soon after delivery. Because of its rarity, many obstetrical providers have no experience in managing amniotic fluid embolism and may therefore benefit from a cognitive aid such as a checklist. We present a sample checklist for the initial management of amniotic fluid embolism based on standard management guidelines. Read More

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Case Report of Traumatic Uterine Rupture in a Multigravida Woman with Emergency Department Cesarean Section.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2020 Nov;4(4):623-625

Loma Linda University, Department of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda, California.

Introduction: Uterine ruptures in blunt trauma are an extremely rare complication. Furthermore, while perimortem cesarean sections in cardiac arrest patients are a well-established practice in emergency medicine, cesarean sections in the emergency department are rarely performed on non-arresting patients.

Case Report: A multigravida woman at approximately 24 weeks gestation presented as a transfer from an outside hospital after a motor vehicle collision. Read More

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November 2020

Optimizing Perimortem Cesarean Section Outcomes Using Simulation: A Technical Report.

Cureus 2020 Sep 22;12(9):e10588. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Emergency Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, CAN.

Simulation-based medical education (SBME) is an educational technique that enables participants to experience an immersive representation of a clinical event for the purpose of practice, learning, and evaluation. This experience is intended to improve trainees' competency and confidence in both procedural tasks, as well as team-based and interpersonal skills when responding to real-world clinical encounters. Moreover, SBME improves procedural exposure and competency in low-frequency, high-stakes clinical procedures without the risk of adverse consequences, error, or patient harm - a priority for physician training at all levels. Read More

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September 2020

Management of the pregnant trauma patient in the emergency department.

Emerg Med Pract 2020 10 15;22(Suppl 10):1-36. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Lee Physician Group, Fort Myers, FL.

This supplement reviews the evidence regarding important considerations in pregnant trauma patients, including the primary and secondary survey as well as the possibility for Rh exposure, placental abruption, uterine rupture, and the need for a prompt perimortem cesarean section in the moribund patient. Because ionizing radiation is a concern in pregnancy, the circumstances in which benefits of testing outweigh risks to the fetus are discussed. Emergency clinicians are encouraged to advocate for trauma prevention, including proper use of safety restraints in motor vehicles and screening for domestic violence, as these measures have been shown to be effective in reducing morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Read More

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October 2020

Resuscitating the Crashing Pregnant Patient.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2020 Nov;38(4):903-917

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/hong_aleta.

Care of the critically ill pregnant patient is anxiety-provoking for those unprepared, as the emergency physician must consider not only the welfare of the immediate patient, but of the fetus as well. Familiarity with the physiologic changes of pregnancy and how they affect clinical presentation and management is key. Although some medications may be safer in pregnancy than others, stabilizing the pregnant patient is paramount. Read More

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November 2020

Simulation-based teaching and models for caesarean sections: a systematic review to evaluate the tools for the 'See One, Practice Many, Do One' slogan.

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2020 10;32(5):305-315

Women's Health Research Unit, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Caesarean sections are the most commonly performed procedure globally. Simulation-based training for caesarean sections can provide healthcare practitioners a safe and controlled environment to develop this life-saving skill. We systematically reviewed the use of simulation-based training for caesarean section and its effectiveness. Read More

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October 2020

Analysis of prehospital perimortem caesarean deliveries performed by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the Netherlands and recommendations for the future.

Resuscitation 2020 10 31;155:112-118. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Prehospital perimortem caesarean delivery (PCD) is a rarely performed procedure. In this study, we aimed to examine all PCDs performed by the four Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the Netherlands; to describe the procedures, outcomes, complications, and compliance with the recommended guidelines; and to formulate recommendations.

Methods: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of all consecutive maternal out-of-hospital cardiac arrests that underwent PCD in the prehospital setting between May 1995 and December 2019. Read More

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October 2020

[Cardiocirculatory Incidents During Pregnancy - a Precarious Setting for Resuscitation - Obstetric Emergencies Series, Part 5].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2020 Apr 20;224(2):61-70. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Institut für Rettungs- und Notfallmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein.

Collapse and sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) threaten people of all sexes. Although their incidence positively correlates with age, even pregnant women can (rarely) be affected by such cardiovascular emergencies. Transient alterations in maternal circulation caused by vena cava compression syndrome and collapse are to be distinguished from SCA. Read More

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Hypoxic events during non-obstetric abdominal surgery in pregnant women.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 03;24(6):2795-2801

Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Sant' Anna, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Objective: Every year 0.5-2% of women undergo non-obstetric surgery in pregnancy. Hypoxic events with short-term and long-term consequences are one of the most frequent complications in surgery. Read More

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The etiology of maternal cardiopulmonary arrest is highly associated with outcomes of perimortem cesarean section.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 01;59(1):170

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ningbo First Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China.

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January 2020

Prehospital Perimortem Caesarean Section - A Survivor.

Matthew Woods

Prehosp Emerg Care 2020 Jul-Aug;24(4):595-599. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is rare. It has a reported incidence of approximately 1 in 30000 pregnancies worldwide and occurs prehospitally with rates of around 3 in every 100000 live births within the developed world. The management of maternal cardiac arrest is complicated by the anatomical and physiological changes of pregnancy, its rarity and clinician unfamiliarity. Read More

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Use of Tandem Perimortem Cesarean Section and Open-Chest Cardiac Massage in the Resuscitation of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Cardiac Arrest.

Ann Emerg Med 2019 12 9;74(6):772-774. Epub 2019 May 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI.

Cardiac arrest and resuscitation of the pregnant woman at gestational term is rare. Depending on the circumstances of cardiac arrest and its timing, options are limited for allowing successful resuscitation of both mother and neonate. Herein, we describe the use of tandem perimortem cesarean section and thoracotomy for open-chest cardiac massage in a young woman with newly diagnosed peripartum cardiomyopathy. Read More

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December 2019

Resuscitation of the Pregnant Patient.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 May 8;37(2):351-363. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 110 Irving Street Northwest, Suite 4B-42, Washington, DC 20010, USA. Electronic address:

Many health care providers lack familiarity with maternal physiologic changes and the distinctive underlying etiology of cardiac arrest in pregnancy. Knowledge of what changes are expected in pregnancy and an understanding of how to adapt clinical practice is essential for the care of the pregnant woman in the emergency department. Amniotic fluid embolism should be recognized as a rare cause of cardiac arrest in pregnancy, characterized by the triad of cardiovascular collapse, hypoxic respiratory failure, and coagulopathy. Read More

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Intrapartum Maternal Cardiac Arrest: A Simulation Case for Multidisciplinary Providers.

MedEdPORTAL 2018 10 26;14:10768. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Perinatal Patient Safety Coordinator, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital.

Introduction: Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is rare. Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support courses rarely address interventions specific to obstetric patients, and knowledge gaps are frequent among providers. The Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology and American Heart Association have published guidelines regarding management of cardiac arrest in pregnancy, and interdisciplinary simulation training has been advocated to reinforce key management points for this clinical scenario. Read More

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October 2018

Live birth after perimortem cesarean delivery in a 36-year-old out-of-hospital cardiac arrest nulliparous woman.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jan;58(1):43-45

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan; MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study is to share a valuable experience of perimortem Cesarean delivery (PMCD) when no signs of spontaneous circulation were detected after 4 min of resuscitation. The time interval between maternal cardiac arrest and neonatal delivery was evaluated and reviewed.

Case Report: We present the case of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in a nulliparous woman who survived a car accident with only seatbelt injuries. Read More

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January 2019

Born to survive: A critical review of out-of-hospital maternal cardiac arrests and pre-hospital perimortem caesarean section.

Resuscitation 2019 02 30;135:224-225. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

University College London & University College Hospital, EGA Wing, 25 Grafton Way, London WC1E 6DB, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

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February 2019

Resuscitative hysterotomy in a patient with peripartum cardiomyopathy.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Mar 22;45(3):724-728. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Resuscitative hysterotomy (RH) is a resuscitation technique, allowing the restoration of a pregnant patient's heartbeat. Here, we reported a case of RH performed in a patient with cardiac arrest as a complication of a peripartum cardiomyopathy. A 29-year-old woman with suspected hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet syndrome was admitted to the hospital. Read More

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Utility and limitations of perimortem cesarean section: A nationwide survey in Japan.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Feb 25;45(2):325-330. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Miyagi Children's Hospital, Sendai, Japan.

Aim: Perimortem cesarean section (PCS) is a procedure performed as part of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aims to clarify maternal and neonatal prognosis and establish PCS's utility and limitations.

Methods: We sent structured questionnaires to obstetrics facilities regarding the cases of PCS performed in Japan between April 2010 and April 2015. Read More

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February 2019

Cardiac arrest in the delivery room after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: a case report and review of literature.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Apr 23;33(8):1456-1458. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Department of Maternal-Neonatal Care, DAIMI, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare event due to different cause. When it occurs after spinal anesthesia a cause that can explain this event is the Bezold-Jarish Reflex (BJR). A cardiac arrest occurs in a pregnant women after spinal anesthesia admistered for urgent caesarean section. Read More

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Management of Cardiac Arrest in the Pregnant Patient.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2018 Jun 19;20(7):57. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The goal of this review is to elucidate what is known about the science of maternal resuscitation and how treatment guidelines have developed to optimize management.

Recent Findings: There is limited data on maternal cardiac arrest. Case reports are providing some insight into safety and efficacy of certain mechanisms of treatment, including use of extracorporeal membranous oxygenation and thrombolysis, for example. Read More

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Critical Care in Obstetrics: Where are We.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2018 Jun 26;68(3):155-163. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

2Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain & Critical Care, AFMC, Pune, India.

Maternal mortality is disastrous news for the society, family, newborn, and the obstetrician. Yet, we all who are care providers to these apparently healthy women carrying another life within them are dumbfounded by the clinical conditions arising due to the pregnancy or the effects of the pregnancy, that it becomes difficult to provide an ideal care to them. The rapid uprising of a condition and the worsening of commonly occurring benign conditions-preeclampsia, hemorrhage, etc. Read More

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Cardiac arrest during pregnancy: ongoing clinical conundrum.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 07 2;219(1):52-61. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Southern Colorado Maternal Fetal Medicine, Colorado Springs, CO.

While global maternal mortality has decreased in the last 25 years, the maternal mortality ratio in the United States has actually increased. Maternal mortality is a complex phenomenon involving multifaceted socioeconomic and clinical parameters including inequalities in access to health care, racial and ethnic disparities, maternal comorbidities, and epidemiologic ascertainment bias. Escalating maternal mortality underscores the importance of clinician preparedness to respond to maternal cardiac arrest that may occur in any maternal health care setting. Read More

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