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    1435 results match your criteria Pericarditis and Cardiac Tamponade

    1 OF 29

    Cardiac tamponade secondary to purulent pericarditis diagnosed with the aid of emergency department ultrasound.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 Apr 27. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Wright State University Department of Emergency Medicine, 3525 Southern Blvd, Kettering, OH 45429, United States.
    Purulent pericarditis is a rare but devastating disease process and even when treated, carries a poor prognosis. Cardiac tamponade is the most severe complication of purulent pericarditis and without acute surgical intervention, is often fatal. Diagnosis requires pericardiocentesis; however, early consideration of the disease and its complications in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving. Read More

    Pyogenic Pericarditis and Cardiac Tamponade Due to Streptococcus anginosus in a Combat Theater.
    Open Forum Infect Dis 2017 10;4(1):ofw267. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Cardiology Service, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Streptococcus anginosus group pericarditis is rare. A 24-year-old male soldier presented for care at a military clinic in Afghanistan with shock and cardiac tamponade requiring emergent pericardial drainage and aeromedical evacuation. We review the patient's case, the need for serial pericardial drainage, and the available literature on this disorder. Read More

    Purulent Pericarditis Due to an Infected Pacemaker Lead.
    J La State Med Soc 2017 Mar-Apr;169(2):51-52. Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    Department of Internal Medicine, LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, LA.
    Introduction: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread.

    Case Description: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain. Read More

    Purulent Pericarditis: An Uncommon Presentation of a Common Organism.
    Am J Case Rep 2017 Apr 6;18:355-360. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Affiliated with Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY, USA.
    BACKGROUND In the modern antibiotic era, Streptococcus agalactiae infection of the endocardium and pericardial space is a rare occurrence. However, once the disease spreads it can lead to life-threatening illness despite advances in diagnostic and treatment modalities, partly because the symptoms and signs associated with pericarditis are frequently missing, and due to the rarity of the disease, diagnosis is often overlooked. We report an extremely rare case of purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae. Read More

    Acute-Onset Chest Pain in a 17-Year-Old Female Adolescent With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 May;33(5):346-349
    From the Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
    We report the case of a 17-year-old adolescent girl with systemic lupus erythematosus with disseminated pneumococcal infection leading to purulent pericarditis with cardiac tamponade. Although pericarditis is not an uncommon entity in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, purulent pericarditis is a rare cause (<1%) of this presentation. Read More

    Aspergillus Pericarditis with Tamponade in a Renal Transplant Patient.
    Case Rep Cardiol 2017 20;2017:7134586. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Albert Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.
    Aspergillus pericarditis is a rare and life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed patients. It has nonspecific clinical manifestations that often mimic other disease entities especially in patients who have extensive comorbidities. Diagnosis is oftentimes delayed and rarely done antemortem. Read More

    Cardiac manifestations of parasitic diseases.
    Heart 2017 May 11;103(9):651-658. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Hospital das Clinicas, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    The heart may be affected directly or indirectly by a variety of protozoa and helminths. This involvement may manifest in different ways, but the syndromes resulting from impairment of the myocardium and pericardium are the most frequent. The myocardium may be invaded by parasites that trigger local inflammatory response with subsequent myocarditis or cardiomyopathy, as occurs in Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and infection with free-living amoebae. Read More

    The value of the new scoring system for predicting neoplastic pericarditis in the patients with large pericardial effusion.
    Support Care Cancer 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Cardiopulmonary Intensive Care Unit, National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland.
    Purpose: Early recognition of neoplastic pericarditis (npe) is crucial for the planning of subsequent therapy. The aim of the present study was to construct the scoring system assessing the probability of npe, in the patients requiring pericardial fluid (pf) drainage due to large pericardial effusion.

    Methods: One hundred forty-six patients, 74 males and 72 females, entered the study. Read More

    A cytologic diagnosis of BRAF(V600E) Erdheim-Chester disease on pericardial fluid.
    Acta Clin Belg 2017 Feb 22:1-3. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Internal Medicine Unit , Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Anderlecht , Belgium.
    We report the case of a 74-year-old woman admitted to the emergency unit for resting dyspnea. Clinical presentation, cardiac MRI and echocardiography were consistent with cardiac tamponade requiring emergency pericardiocentesis. Cytologic examination of the pericardial fluid revealed the presence of CD68(pos) CD1a(neg) S100(neg) foamy histiocytes (Fig. Read More

    Transthoracic Echocardiography: Pitfalls and Limitations as Delineated at Cardiac CT and MR Imaging.
    Radiographics 2017 Mar-Apr;37(2):383-406. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, 1505 N Edgemont Ave, Basement, Los Angeles, CA 90027.
    Transthoracic echocardiography ( TTE transthoracic echocardiography ) is a critical tool in the field of clinical cardiology. It often serves as one of the first-line imaging modalities in the evaluation of cardiac disease owing to its low cost, portability, widespread availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and ability to evaluate both anatomy and function of the heart. Consequently, a large majority of patients undergoing a cardiac computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination will have a TTE transthoracic echocardiography available for review. Read More

    Recurrent pericarditis.
    Rev Med Interne 2017 May 6;38(5):307-311. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    University Cardiology, Department of Medical Sciences, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.
    Recurrent pericarditis is the most troublesome complication of pericarditis occurring in 15 to 30% of cases. The pathogenesis is often presumed to be immune-mediated although a specific rheumatologic diagnosis is commonly difficult to find. The clinical diagnosis is based on recurrent pericarditis chest pain and additional objective evidence of disease activity (e. Read More

    Contemporary management of pericardial effusion: practical aspects for clinical practice.
    Postgrad Med 2017 Mar 9;129(2):178-186. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    a Department of Medical Sciences , University Cardiology, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, and University of Torino , Torino , Italy.
    A pericardial effusion (PE) is a relatively common finding in clinical practice. It may be either isolated or associated with pericarditis with or without an underlying disease. The aetiology is varied and may be either infectious (especially tuberculosis as the most common cause in developing countries) or non-infectious (cancer, systemic inflammatory diseases). Read More

    [Three Cases of Gastric Cancer with Rare Presentation of Oncologic Emergency].
    Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2016 Nov;43(12):2398-2400
    Dept. of Surgery, Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital.
    We report 3 cases of gastric cancer with rare presentations of oncologic emergency. Case 1 involved cardiac tamponade caused by mediastinitis-induced pericarditis. Metastatic lymph nodes became enlarged after total gastrectomy and invaded the esophagojejunal anastomotic region. Read More

    Fulminant Pneumococcal Pericarditis in a Previously Healthy Patient.
    Can J Cardiol 2017 Apr 17;33(4):556.e1-556.e3. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    Division of Cardiology, University of Alberta and Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address:
    Purulent pericarditis is a rare acutely life-threatening condition. Initial symptoms, signs, and investigations can be nonspecific. Echocardiography is invaluable for establishing the diagnosis and initial management. Read More

    A rare cause of constrictive pericarditis.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jan 18;2017. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
    A 67-year-old man presented with 3 months of exertional dyspnoea and 1 week of oedema. Examination revealed elevated neck veins, pulsus paradoxus, muffled heart sounds, decreased breath sounds and pedal oedema. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) demonstrated cardiac tamponade, and chest X-ray showed pleural effusion. Read More

    Pericardial Masses, Cysts and Diverticula: A Comprehensive Review Using Multimodality Imaging.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jan - Feb;59(4):389-397. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic. Electronic address:
    Pericardial masses/tumors, cysts, and diverticula are quite rare. Presentation is variable and often patients may be asymptomatic with pericardial involvement initially only detected at time of autopsy. When patients do present with symptoms they are often non-specific and often mimic other conditions of the pericardium such as pericarditis, pericardial effusion, constriction or tamponade. Read More

    Carcinomatous pleuritis and pericarditis accompanied by pulmonary tuberculosis.
    Respirol Case Rep 2016 Nov 31;4(6):e00202. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Respiratory Medicine Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine Tokyo Japan.
    Although both lung cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) commonly occur in clinical practice, little attention has been paid to their coexistence. A 62-year-old female was admitted with acute dyspnoea secondary to cardiac tamponade. During her admission, a mass lesion harbouring air bronchograms in the right upper lobe rapidly increased in size. Read More

    Tuberculous pericarditis: a case report.
    Infez Med 2016 12;24(4):337-339
    Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.
    Pericardial effusion is common disease and difficult to diagnose. Tuberculosis accounts for up to 4% of acute pericarditis and 7% of cardiac tamponade cases. Quick treatment can be lifesaving but requires accurate diagnosis. Read More

    Efficacy of anakinra in an adult patient with recurrent pericarditis and cardiac tamponade as initial manifestations of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome due to the R92Q TNFRSF1A variant.
    Int J Rheum Dis 2016 Dec 19. Epub 2016 Dec 19.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.
    Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a dominantly inherited autoinflammatory disease caused by TNFRSF1A mutations. Patients with TRAPS suffer from recurrent, long episodes with fever, arthralgia/arthritis, migratory myalgias, abdominal pain, serositis, conjunctivitis and migratory erythematous skin rash. More than 70 different TNFRSF1A mutations have been reported to date, and as consequence of its genetic heterogeneity, TRAPS shows a variable phenotypic expression. Read More

    Delayed cardiac tamponade: A rare but life-threatening complication of catheter ablation.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 May 17;35(5):803.e1-803.e3. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    Maimonides Medical Center, 4802 Tenth Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11217, United States.
    Delayed cardiac tamponade (DCT) is a rare and life-threatening complication of catheter ablation performed as a treatment of atrial fibrillation, with few cases described in the medical literature. We present the case of a 57year-old man presenting with DCT 61days following a catheter ablation procedure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the most delayed case of cardiac tamponade (CT) following catheter ablation described in the literature. Read More

    Pathophysiology of the Pericardium.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jan - Feb;59(4):341-348. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH; University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:
    Pericardial heart disease includes pericarditis, (an acute, subacute, or chronic fibrinous, noneffusive, or exudative process), and its complications, constriction, (an acute, subacute, or chronic adhesive or fibrocalcific response), and cardiac tamponade. The pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis readily explains their respective findings on clinical examination, Doppler echocardiography, and at cardiac catheterization. The primary abnormality of cardiac tamponade is pan-cyclic compression of the cardiac chambers by increased pericardial fluid requiring that cardiac chambers compete for a fixed intrapericardial volume. Read More

    Predictive factors for unfavorable outcomes of tuberculous pericarditis in human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected patients in an intermediate tuberculosis burden country.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Nov 29;16(1):719. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    Department of Internal Medicine and AIDS Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 120-752, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: In areas where Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic, tuberculosis is known to be the most common cause of pericarditis. However, the difficulty in diagnosis may lead to late complications such as constrictive pericarditis and increased mortality. Therefore, identification of patients at a high risk for poor prognosis, and prompt initiation of treatment are important in the outcome of TB pericarditis. Read More

    Untying the Gordian knot of pericardial diseases: A pragmatic approach.
    Hellenic J Cardiol 2016 Sep - Oct;57(5):315-322. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Cardiology Department, University of Athens Medical School, Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Pericardial disorders constitute a relatively common cause of heart disease. Although acute pericarditis, especially the idiopathic forms that are the most prevalent, is considered a benign disease overall, its short- and long-term complications, namely, recurrent pericarditis, cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis, constitute a matter of concern in the medical community. In recent years, several clinical trials contributed to redefining our traditional approach to pericardial diseases. Read More

    Recent advances in the management of pericardial diseases.
    Hosp Pract (1995) 2016 Dec;44(5):266-273
    a Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic , University Cardiology, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino , Torino , Italy.
    Pericardial diseases are relatively common in clinical practice either as isolated diseases or part of an underlying or systemic disease. Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment have greatly improved the clinical management and lead to consensus documents on multimodality imaging and new guidelines on the diagnosis and therapy of pericardial diseases. The aim of the present paper is to summarize available evidence in order to provide an updated and comprehensive review on the recent advances in the management of pericardial diseases. Read More

    Pericarditis mimicking Brugada syndrome.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 Apr 9;35(4):669.e1-669.e3. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Emergency Department - USL UMBRIA1, Via V. Muller 1, Assisi, Perugia, Italy.
    Introduction: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a genetic heart disorder due to alteration of the ion channels function that causes an impaired in the cardiac conduction system. It is characterized by an abnormal electrocardiogram pattern and may be complicated by malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium and 90% of isolated cases of acute pericarditis are idiopathic or viral. Read More

    Rare Purulent Cardiac Tamponade Caused by Streptococcus Constellatus in a Young Immunocompetent Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 Nov 16;17:855-859. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    BACKGROUND Purulent pericardial tamponade is a very rare occurrence in the current era of widespread antibiotic use. It is even rarer when caused by Streptococcus constellatus: a microorganism usually classified among the normal flora of the human body. It is occasionally diagnosed with certain predisposing factors. Read More

    Acute Cardiac Tamponade in a 58-Year-Old Male with Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis.
    Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2016 Sep;12(3):175-176
    Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond, Virginia; Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia.
    Pericarditis in conjunction with nephritis is an uncommon clinical scenario with a broad differential diagnosis. We present the case of a 58-year-old male who developed nephritis and pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology. In the following, we discuss the differential diagnosis for concomitant nephritis and pericarditis and discuss the work-up performed on our patient. Read More

    [Cardiovascular manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus in Dakar: Descriptive study about 50 cases].
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2016 Dec 7;109(5):345-352. Epub 2016 Nov 7.
    Clinique cardiologique de l'Hôpital Aristide Le Dantec de Dakar, Dakar, Sénégal.
    Systemic lupus erythematosus is a non-specific inflammatory disorder of an organ of unknown cause and autoimmune origin. Visceral injuries, including those cardiovascular, determine the prognosis of this disease primarily affecting women. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency and describe the cardiovascular manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus in a lupus population of the Dakar region. Read More

    Hemorrhagic Pericardial Effusion with Tamponade: A Rare Adverse Effect of Infliximab-Case Report and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Rheumatol 2016 16;2016:2576496. Epub 2016 Oct 16.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
    Introduction. Antitumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha agents are commonly used biologic therapies for a wide variety of rheumatic and inflammatory diseases. Here, we present a case of hemorrhagic pericarditis as a consequence of infliximab and review the literature on pericardial complications stemming from this drug class. Read More

    A Case of Haemorrhagic Constrictive Pericarditis with Bilateral Pleural Effusions.
    Case Rep Cardiol 2016 11;2016:8142134. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Division of Cardiology, New York Medical College, Metropolitan Hospital Center, Valhalla, NY, USA.
    Presentation of pericardial disease is diverse, with the viral aetiology being the most common cause; however, when haemorrhagic pericardial effusion is present, these causes are narrowed to few aetiologies. We present a case of a young female of African descent who presented with diffuse abdominal pain and vomiting. Initial work-up showed pericardial effusion with impending echocardiographic findings of cardiac tamponade and bilateral pleural effusions. Read More

    Influenza H1N1 Infection Leading To Cardiac Tamponade in a Previously Healthy Patient: A Case Report.
    Res Cardiovasc Med 2016 Aug 16;5(3):e31546. Epub 2016 Jul 16.
    Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
    Introduction: The cardiac manifestations of influenza A are broad, ranging from self-limited pericarditis to fatal cardiomyopathy. The 2009 H1N1 influenza A (H1N1) strain is a rare cause of pericarditis, and its role in developing a pericardial effusion leading to tamponade has infrequently been reported.

    Case Presentation: We describe a case of a young female with no prior cardiovascular history who presents with a pericardial effusion and shock secondary to cardiac tamponade from pericarditis due to H1N1 influenza A. Read More

    Post-pericardiotomy Syndrome.
    Curr Cardiol Rep 2016 Nov;18(11):116
    Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pericardial Disease, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, J1-5, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.
    Post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in a subgroup of patients who have undergone cardiothoracic surgery and is characterized by fever, pleuritic pain, pleural effusion, and pericardial effusion. It is associated with significant morbidity, and the leading complications include tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. Epidemiologic studies have found that PPS often occurs among younger patients; however, there is a lack of comprehensive risk stratification. Read More

    [Purulent pericarditis in a patient with diabetes mellitus treated by percutaneous pericardiocentesis].
    Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2016 Nov 5;65(5):370-372. Epub 2016 Oct 5.
    Institut cardiovasculaire, groupe hospitalier mutualiste de Grenoble, 8, rue Dr.-Calmette, 38000 Grenoble, France.
    Purulent pericarditis seldom occurs in Western countries, yet its mortality rate remains high between 20 and 35 % despite early treatment. We report the case of a 43-year-old patient admitted in the intensive cardiologic care unit with a pre-tamponade, requiring an immediate percutaneous pericardiocentesis allowing the drainage of a purulent effusion. Evolution with antibiotic therapy adapted according to the bacteriological findings was favorable and 3-months follow-up shows a near complete regression of the effusion. Read More

    Cardiovascular collapse with attempted pericardial drain withdrawal.
    Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2016 Sep-Dec;9(3):241-3
    Children's Hospital and Medical Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
    Cardiac tamponade is a rare but serious emergency condition in the pediatric population. As treatment, a pericardial drain is often placed to evacuate the fluid. We present a case of a 4-year-old girl with cardiac tamponade secondary to renal failure. Read More

    Multimodality imaging of pericardial diseases.
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2016 Nov;17(11):774-82
    aUniversity Cardiology, Department of Medical Sciences, AOU Città della Scienza e della Salute bUniversity of Torino, Torino, Italy cDepartment of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Unit, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milano dDepartment of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Padua eUniversity Radiology, Department of Surgical Sciences, AOU Città della Scienza e della Salute, Torino, Italy fDepartment of Radiology, UZ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

    Severe right ventricular and tricuspid valve dysfunction after pericardiocentesis.
    J Med Ultrason (2001) 2016 Oct 30;43(4):533-6. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Department of Cardiology, Tenri Hospital, 200 Mishima-cho, Tenri, Nara, 632-8552, Japan.
    Pericardiocentesis is performed to treat cardiac tamponade or diagnose the cause of pericardial effusion. Cardiogenic shock with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a rare complication after pericardiocentesis. We report a case of an 82-year-old man who suddenly suffered cardiopulmonary arrest 12 h after pericardiocentesis. Read More

    Molecular diagnosis of opportunistic pericardial infection in a patient treated with adalimumab: the role of next-generation sequencing.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Aug 29;2016. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
    Cardiovascular Department, "Ospedali Riuniti" and University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
    Biological immune-modulator drugs, especially inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-α, are frequently encountered in modern clinical practice and opportunistic infections are therefore a common concern. Infective pericarditis has been described as a complication of these treatments with possible life-threatening consequences. In similar cases cultures may isolate multiple opportunistic bacteria from the pericardial fluid without specific identification of the responsible germ, representing a problem for targeted antibiotic therapy. Read More

    Natural history and life-threatening complications in Myhre syndrome and review of the literature.
    Eur J Pediatr 2016 Oct 25;175(10):1307-15. Epub 2016 Aug 25.
    Genetics and Rare Diseases Research Division, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Rome, Italy.
    Unlabelled: Myhre syndrome (OMIM 139210) is a rare developmental disorder inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and caused by a narrow spectrum of missense mutations in the SMAD4 gene. The condition features characteristic face, short stature, skeletal anomalies, muscle pseudohypertrophy, restricted joint mobility, stiff and thick skin, and variable intellectual disability. While most of the clinical features manifest during childhood, the diagnosis may be challenging during the first years of life. Read More

    Surgical Management of Massive Pericardial Effusion and Predictors for Development of Constrictive Pericarditis in a Resource Limited Setting.
    Adv Med 2016 19;2016:8917954. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    Department of Radiology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, PMB 8, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.
    Background. The diagnosis and treatment of massive pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade have evolved over the years with a tendency towards a more comprehensive diagnostic workup and less traumatic intervention. Method. Read More

    Effusive-constrictive pericarditis, hepatitis, and pancreatitis in a patient with possible coxsackievirus B infection: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Aug 8;16:375. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Riverside University Health System Medical Center, Moreno Valley, CA, USA.
    Background: Coxsackie B is a viral pathogen that presents with various invasive diseases in adults. Historically, the majority of adult cases with pericarditis or myocarditis have been attributed to coxsackievirus B. The presentation of this viral infection causing effusive-constrictive pericarditis, hepatitis or pancreatitis is rare. Read More

    Patient with Small Cell Lung Carcinoma and Suspected Right Upper Lobe Abscess Presenting with a Purulent Pericardial Effusion.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 Jul 22;17:523-8. Epub 2016 Jul 22.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Tucson, AZ, USA.
    BACKGROUND Cardiac tamponade caused by pericardial effusion has a high mortality rate; thus, it is important to diagnose and treat this condition immediately. Specifically, bacterial pericarditis, although now very rare, is often fatal because of its fulminant process. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 61-year-old man with metastatic small cell lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy who presented with fatigue, poor appetite, and altered mental status. Read More

    Effect of colchicine in prevention of pericardial effusion and atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis.
    Intern Emerg Med 2016 Sep 4;11(6):867-76. Epub 2016 Jul 4.
    Department of Rheumatology, Beijing Hospital, No. 1, Dahua Road, East District, Beijing, China.
    Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the effect of colchicine therapy in prevention of pericardial effusion (PE) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the effects are still inconclusive. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and EMBASE database were searched. Read More

    An Unusual Presentation of Plasma Cells - Castleman Disease: A Case Report.
    Rom J Intern Med 2016 Apr-Jun;54(2):129-33
    We present the case of a 76 year old female patient admitted in the Department of Cardiology for physical asthenia, profuse sweating and dyspnea with orthopnea for about one month. Clinical and paraclinical assessments performed at admission confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Surgical intervention was performed and 400 mL of clear effusion were drained. Read More

    Gastropericardial fistula: radiologic findings and literature review.
    J Surg Res 2016 Jun 15;203(1):174-82. Epub 2016 Mar 15.
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Electronic address:
    Background: Gastropericardial fistula, a rare condition characterized by an abnormal communication between the stomach and the pericardium, is an emergency as sequelae such as cardiac tamponade and sepsis may lead to hemodynamic instability and death. We aimed to summarize the surgical and radiologic findings of the reported cases published to date, describe their pertinent surgical history, and present an algorithm for diagnosis.

    Methods: The Pubmed database was searched using the terms: gastropericardial, pericardiogastric, pneumopericardium, pericardial, and pneumopericardium with the term "fistula" added to each term. Read More

    Cardiac Tamponade Due to Actinomyces odontolyticus Originating From a Dentigerous Cyst.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Dec 24;74(12):2453-2456. Epub 2016 May 24.
    University Professor and Hospital Practitioner, Vascular Medicine Division and Regional Competence Center for Rare Vascular and Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, CHRU de Nancy, Nancy, France.
    This report describes a rare case of pericardial effusion owing to Actinomyces odontolyticus in a 52-year-old woman that originated from a dentigerous cyst, which developed on the distal aspect of a lower left third molar. The cyst had remained asymptomatic for a long period, with no specific functional complications. This is the first case report of a patient with acute pericarditis in which the same strain of A odontolyticus was detected in an asymptomatic dentigerous cyst and in the pericardial fluid. Read More

    Cardiac tamponade - unusual clinical manifestation of undiagnosed malignant neoplasm.
    Neoplasma 2016 ;63(4):601-6
    Cardiac tamponade may be the first or predominant symptom of some pathologies but its etiology is not uncommonly unknown on admission to hospital. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predominant causes of cardiac tamponade in previously healthy patients treated emergently in a single cardiac surgical center. The study involved 81 patients with the mean age of 58. Read More

    Acute Effusive Pericarditis due to Horse Chestnut Consumption.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 May 4;17:305-8. Epub 2016 May 4.
    Department of Cardiology, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey.
    Background: There are many well-known causes of pericardial effusion, such as cancer metastasis, bacterial or viral pericarditis, and uremic pericarditis; however, no reports exist in the literature demonstrating a pericardial effusion that led to cardiac tamponade following consumption of an herbal remedy.

    Case Report: A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our cardiology outpatient clinic with a complaint of dyspnea. The patient's medical history was unremarkable; however, he had consumed 3 boxes of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L) paste over the previous 1. Read More

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