14,822 results match your criteria Pericarditis and Cardiac Tamponade
J Cardiol Cases 2016 Jan 16;13(1):6-8. Epub 2015 Sep 16.
University Hospital Ibn Rochd, Cardiology Department, Casablanca, Morocco.
Ilio-caval fistula is a rare complication of lumbar disk surgery that may pose a real diagnostic challenge. We report a case of a 50-year-old woman with overlooked massive right ilio-caval fistula complicating lumbar surgery 6 years previously, and who presented with refractory right heart failure misdiagnosed as chronic pericarditis. The combination of right heart failure and a periumbilical murmur should alert clinicians to investigate with the appropriate imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2015 Nov 27;12(5):156-158. Epub 2015 Jul 27.
Department of Medicine, Rutgers University, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA.
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with a recent upper respiratory illness who presented with chest pressure, lasting for five days, which improved with leaning forward. Physical examination and laboratory studies were unremarkable. Chest computed tomography scan revealed a 6. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2015 Jan 31;11(1):35-37. Epub 2014 Oct 31.
Creighton University Medical Center, Cardiology Department, Omaha, NE, USA.
Acute purulent pericarditis is rarely caused by anaerobic bacteria and it is almost always a complication of another disease process. Esophagomediastinal fistula, odontogenic, or pleuropulmonary infections have been reported to be the primary source of purulent pericarditis. If not diagnosed and treated promptly, purulent pericarditis is usually a fatal disease. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2010 Oct 5;2(2):e96-e98. Epub 2010 May 5.
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, Republic of Korea.
We report two cases, which had been initially diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis but later were definitely diagnosed with mesothelioma after receiving pericardiectomy. The two patients complained of dyspnea. Chest computed tomography showed mild pericardial effusion and thickened pericardium, which was found enveloping the heart without any lumps. Read More
Pharmacology 2018 Dec 13;103(3-4):111-113. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Internal Medicine, Allergy Unit, Rimini Hospital, Azienda Sanitaria Romagna, Rimini, Italy.
To date, aspirin desensitization is employed with patients with nonsteroidal anti-inﬂammatory drugs (NSAIDs) exacerbated respiratory diseases (NERD) or with aspirin or NSAIDs hypersensitive patients needing a stent procedure for coronary artery disease. On the other hand, few data exist regarding aspirin desensitization in other cardiological features and particularly we haven't data on different NSAIDs desensitization. Only for NERD patients we have data on ketorolac use. Read More
Surg Case Rep 2018 Dec 6;4(1):141. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Second Department of Surgery, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata, 990-9585, Japan.
Background: Pericardial effusion is observed in the majority of viral pericarditis cases; however, viral pericarditis accompanied by a large effusion resulting in cardiac tamponade is rare.
Case Presentation: Here, we report the case of a 75-year-old hemodialysis patient with acute viral pericarditis complicated by aortic stenosis. The patient was referred with a diagnosis of aortic stenosis and pericardial effusion. Read More
Int J Cardiol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Arrhythmology, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital and University, Milan, Italy.
Introduction: Myocarditis has been described in association with many systemic immune-mediated diseases (SIDs). However, the role of SIDs in influencing clinical presentation and outcome of patients with a new diagnosis of biopsy-proved myocarditis, has never been investigated so far.
Methods: We enrolled 25 consecutive cases with biopsy-proved myocarditis in the context of SIDs, and controls with isolated myocarditis, matched 1:1 by age, gender, ethnicity and clinical presentation. Read More
Lupus Sci Med 2018 21;5(1):e000293. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Department of Immunology and Allergy, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Background: SLE is an autoimmune condition affecting predominantly women. Little is known regarding infection in women with SLE, which may drive autoimmunity and contribute to obstetrical and vascular complications.
Methods: This single-centre, case-control study set primary endpoint in the comparative seropositivity rate to major outer membrane protein (MOMP) and chlamydial heat-shock protein-60 (cHSP60) in age-matched subjects. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2011 Oct 12;4(2):e93-e97. Epub 2011 Aug 12.
Centre for Amyloidosis & Acute Phase Proteins, Division of Medicine, Royal Free Campus, University College London Medical School, London, UK.
Idiopathic recurrent pericarditis (IRP) impairs quality of life. Although its precise etiology is not certain, it is believed to be immunologically mediated. Its optimal treatments are unknown. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2015 Jul 21;12(1):8-11. Epub 2015 Mar 21.
Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center, Cardiovascular Medicine, Urayasu, Japan.
We report a case of right ventricular (RV) diastolic dysfunction due to a large hematoma posterior to the left ventricle (LV) after cardiac surgery. An 80-year-old woman underwent cardiac surgery. After surgery, her physical findings revealed right heart failure. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2013 Jan 25;7(1):e8-e10. Epub 2012 Sep 25.
Department of Cardiology, Tenri Hospital, 200 Mishima-cho, Tenri City, Nara 632-8552, Japan.
A 68-year-old female, suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, was admitted to our institution for right heart failure with massive pericardial effusion. Her pericardial effusion had increased after starting infliximab, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-inhibitor therapy, despite improvement in arthralgia. Hemodynamic findings demonstrated effusive-constrictive pericarditis. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2012 Feb 4;5(1):e61-e64. Epub 2011 Nov 4.
Cardiology Department, Hôpital André Grégoire, 55 boulevard Boissière, 93100 Montreuil sous Bois, France.
Purulent pericarditis secondary to pneumococcal pneumonia is a rare entity, and often underestimated despite being associated with a high mortality rate. We report a case of a man who developed a cardiac tamponade related to a previously unknown pneumococcal pneumonia. In conclusion, we emphasize the need of repeated clinical and echocardiographic exams. Read More
Am J Med Case Rep 2018 ;6(9):180-183
Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center/Health + Hospitals Kings County Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.
Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical features and variable clinical course. SLE tends to affect women during childbearing years and is characterized by multi-organ involvement. Cardiac complications in SLE, which have been described to occur in about 50% of the cases, contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in this population. Read More
Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:5450697. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.
Objective: The study was undertaken to determine the etiology, review management, and outcome in children diagnosed with acute pericarditis during 11 years at tertiary pediatric institution.
Methods: Retrospective chart review of children diagnosed between 2004 and 2014. Patients with postsurgical pericardial effusions were excluded. Read More
Intern Emerg Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Institute of Pediatrics, Università Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.
Heart Views 2018 Apr-Jun;19(2):74
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN, USA.
Crit Care Nurse 2018 Dec;38(6):e5-e12
Christine Peyton is a clinical nurse specialist at the Heart Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
Protein-losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis remain challenging to treat despite recent treatment advances. Protein-losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis have been diagnosed in patients with cardiomyopathy, constrictive pericarditis, and congestive heart failure. This article focuses on patients with protein-losing enteropathy or plastic bronchitis following the Fontan procedure. Read More
QJM 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Anesthesiology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York.
PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0208151. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Molecular Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States of America.
The communities of beneficial bacteria that live in our intestines, the gut microbiome, are important for the development and function of the immune system. Bacteroides species make up a significant fraction of the human gut microbiome, and can be probiotic and pathogenic, depending upon various genetic and environmental factors. These can cause disease conditions such as intra-abdominal sepsis, appendicitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, pericarditis, skin infections, brain abscesses and meningitis. Read More
Vet Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Objective: To report the outcome of dogs with presumptive echocardiographic idiopathic pericardial effusion treated with thoracoscopic pericardectomy and pericardioscopy.
Study Design: Multi-institutional retrospective study (2011-2017).
Animals: Eighteen dogs. Read More
South Med J 2018 Dec;111(12):754-757
From the Hospital Medicine Unit and the Core Educator Faculty and Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, the Heart and Vascular Center, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy who was admitted to our hospital with acute uremic myopericarditis. Echocardiography demonstrated a fibrinous pericardial effusion. The patient was initiated on hemodialysis for hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and uremia. Read More
Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 4:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
3Pediatric Nephrology Department,Puerta del Mar University Hospital,Cadiz,Spain.
In approximately 5% of patients with idiopathic recurrent pericarditis, the disease usually follows a chronic relapsing course, and children can develop dependence and side effects of prolonged high-dose corticosteroid regimens. In this setting anakinra, a recombinant human interleukin-1 competitive receptor antagonist that blocks the biologic effects of interleukin-1, thereby reducing systemic inflammatory responses, appears to be one of the most promising strategies. We report an adolescent with steroid-dependent idiopathic recurrent pericarditis that was successfully treated with anakinra, highlighting that this therapeutic option seems to be an effective, rapidly acting, steroid-sparing, and relatively safe agent for the treatment of this entity in children. Read More
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Institute of Cardiology, Alpejska 42 St., 04-628, Warsaw-Anin, Poland.
Singapore Med J 2018 Nov;59(11):611-613
Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre, Singapore.
J Electrocardiol 2018 Nov - Dec;51(6):1121-1123. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Department of Cardiovasology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:
We herein describe a case of an acute pericarditis, in which type 1 Brugada phenocopy (BrP) was documented. The patient was referred to our hospital due to severe chest pain. The twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) on admission showed type 1 Brugada ECG pattern (coved-type) in the precordial leads. Read More
Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
SBU, Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplantation Clinic, Ankara, Turkey.
Introduction: The usefulness of sericin as pleurodesis agent has previously been described. Present study aims to compare sericin pleurodesis regarding success, effectiveness, tolerability, and side-effects.
Methods: Adult, 12-week-old Wistar-albino rats (n=60), divided to five groups as sericin, talcum-powder, doxycycline, silver-nitrate and control. Read More
Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2018 Nov;16(4):505-507
Department of Neurosciences and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti, Italy.
Clozapine may be associated with cardiovascular adverse effects including QTc prolongation and, more rarely, with myocarditis and pericarditis. Although rare, these latter cardiovascular adverse effects may be life-threatening and must be immediately recognized and treated. Several cases of clozapine related-pericarditis have been described and often it has a subtle and insidious onset with symptoms that may be often misdiagnosed with psychiatric manifestations (e. Read More
Int Heart J 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Mie University Research Center for Matrix Biology.
Inflammation after myocardial infarction (MI) may be a major factor influencing ventricular remodeling, leading to congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Therefore, inflammation in the heart needs to be monitored. Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix molecule not normally expressed, but it is strongly upregulated when associated with active inflammation. Read More
Ir J Med Sci 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
The Department of Rheumatology, Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, No. 1, Fuhua Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, 518033, Guangdong, China.
Objective: To investigate cardiac manifestations and the risk factors in Han Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Methods: Seven hundred fifty SLE patients who were hospitalized at our department were recruited in the present study. The patients were divided into two groups-those with or without cardiac manifestations. Read More
Cardiol Young 2018 Nov 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
2Department of Pathology,National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center,Osaka,Japan.
Eosinophilic myocarditis is rare in children, and consequently, it is difficult to diagnose eosinophilic myocarditis rapidly. We report the clinical course of acute eosinophilic myocarditis with pericarditis in two adolescent boys and their associated electrocardiograms. The two patients, 13- and 14-year-old boys, developed cardiomegaly and chest pain with vomiting. Read More
Afr J Emerg Med 2018 Mar 1;8(1):37-39. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Introduction: Purulent pericarditis poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, especially in resource-limited settings due to the unavailability of diagnostic tools, equipment, and expertise.
Case Report: A three-year-old female presented to the emergency centre at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania with altered mental status, lethargy, intermittent fevers, worsening difficulty in breathing, and progressive lower extremity swelling over two months. The child was in shock upon arrival. Read More
J Nepal Health Res Counc 2018 Oct 30;16(3):257-263. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) Dharan-18, Sunsari, Nepal.
Background: Only few dedicated cardiac centres provide cardiac surgery service in Nepal. We are the only government affiliated centre outside the capital providing this service. In this study, we aim to present our early results of cardiac surgery. Read More
Radiol Clin North Am 2019 Jan;57(1):179-199
Diagnostic Radiology, University of California San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103, USA. Electronic address:
Although the pericardium is simply a 2-layered membrane enveloping the heart and great vessels, there are numerous anatomic variations, congenital anomalies, and pathologic conditions that can occur. Although echocardiography is most often the first imaging modality used to assess the pericardium, computed tomography and MR imaging are frequently being used to aid in diagnosis and assess response to therapy. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the pericardium in both its normal and diseased states is important to best direct patient care and potentially improve patient outcomes. Read More
Kyobu Geka 2018 Nov;71(12):1023-1026
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, NTT Higashi Nihon Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.
A 69-year-old man was hospitalized urgently to the department of cardiology, with the progressive general malaise. On admission, his blood pressure was 80/42 mmHg, his white cell count 13,700/µl, and C-reactive protein 25.55 mg/dl suggesting existence of aggressive infection with impaired circulation. Read More
Curr Opin Cardiol 2019 Jan;34(1):57-64
Division of Cardiology, Heart Transplant Program, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Purpose Of Review: Inflammatory and/or infectious conditions affecting the heart and pericardium in children are primarily diagnosed via noninvasive imaging modalities. In addition, the use of multiple imaging modalities (multimodality imaging) is becoming increasingly common to assist in diagnosis, management, and prognosis. This review focuses on the use of noninvasive imaging in endocarditis, myocarditis, and pericarditis, with emphasis placed on the use of echocardiography and cardiac MRI in these conditions. Read More
J R Army Med Corps 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Royal Army Medical Corps, Aldershot Garrison, Aldershot, UK.
We present a case of a fit and well British Army officer with sudden-onset chest pain following a viral illness, on a background of arduous skiing over an 8-week period. This resulted in a 6-month downgrade with no clearly defined plan for return to full fitness and deployability. The diagnosis and differentiation of myopericarditis from other causes of chest pain is reviewed. Read More
J Card Surg 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.
Heart 2019 Jan;105(Suppl 1):s50-s56
Royal Air Force Aviation Clinical Medicine Service, RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine, RAF Henlow, Bedfordshire, Oxfordshire, UK.
This manuscript focuses on the broad aviation medicine considerations that are required to optimally manage aircrew with suspected or confirmed heart muscle disease (both pilots and non-pilot aviation professionals). ECG abnormalities on aircrew periodic medical examination or presentation of a family member with a confirmed cardiomyopathy are the most common reason for investigation of heart muscle disease in aircrew. Holter monitoring and imaging, including cardiac MRI is recommended to confirm or exclude the presence of heart muscle disease and, if confirmed, management should be led by a subspecialist. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.
Department of Internal Medicine, First Clinic of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
The morbidity of acute pericarditis is increasing over time impacting on patient quality of life. Recent clinical trials focused especially on clinical aspects, with a modest interest in pathophysiological mechanisms. This narrative review, based on papers in English language obtained via PubMed up to April 2018, aims at focusing on the role of the innate immunity in pericarditis and discussing future potential therapeutic strategies impacting on disease pathophysiology. Read More
Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev 2018 Aug;7(3):159-164
Cardiac Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, USA.
Epicardial ablation is needed to eliminate ventricular tachycardia (VT) in some patients with nonischaemic cardiomyopathy. The 12-lead electrocardiogram of VT, pre-procedural imaging and endocardial unipolar voltage maps can predict a high likelihood of epicardial substrate and VT. A septal VT substrate may preclude the need for epicardial access and mapping and can be identified with imaging, pacing and voltage mapping. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2018 Nov 27;18(5):175-179. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is reported to represent a hemodynamic pattern similar to that of constrictive pericarditis (CP), which should be clearly differentiated for appropriate management. We report the case of a patient with severe TR due to atrial fibrillation (AF) in whom hemodynamic monitoring played a role in the selection of the management strategy. An 81-year-old Japanese man with chronic AF was admitted due to worsening heart failure. Read More
Heart 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
Objectives: This scoping review sought to summarise available data on the prevalence, aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of pericardial disease in Africa.
Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus and African Journals Online from 1 January 1967 to 30 July 2017 to identify all studies published on the prevalence, aetiologies, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of pericardial diseases in adults residing in Africa.
Results: 36 studies were included. Read More
Cureus 2018 Jul 8;10(7):e2946. Epub 2018 Jul 8.
Cardiology, Orlando Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Orlando, USA.
Post-cardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) as a delayed complication of permanent pacemaker implantation has rarely been reported in the literature. A 67-year-old man who recently underwent a dual chamber permanent pacemaker implantation came to the hospital for increasing dyspnea and chest discomfort. A diagnosis of pericarditis was made, and the patient was discharged on ibuprofen therapy. Read More
Heart Lung 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Heart Center, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, No. 3 Qingchun East Road, Jianggan District, Hangzhou 310016, China. Electronic address:
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the value of P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1) in the clinical diagnosis of tuberculous constrictive pericarditis (TCP).
Methods: A total of 53 patients with TCP and 64 patients with tuberculous exudative pericarditis were enrolled in this retrospective study. The demographic and clinical characteristics were collected, including gender, age, the course of disease and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification. Read More
Eur J Rheumatol 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Division of Neurology, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain.
A case of carbamazepine-induced systemic lupus erythematosus (CBZ-DILE) is presented, along with a literature review, with the aim to define the clinical and serological characteristics of this group, and compare them with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) triggered by other drugs (DILE). A 31-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of hand arthritis and nasal ulcers. She had been diagnosed with epilepsy at 12 years of age and had continued treatment with carbamazepine (CBZ) for the past 18 years with excellent clinical control. Read More
Clin Nucl Med 2019 Jan;44(1):55-56
Nuclear Medicine, Medical Center Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.
A 57-year-old man presented with shortness of breath and ankle edema. Constrictive pericarditis with an unexplained mass surrounding the heart was diagnosed by ultrasound. Accordingly, F-FDG PET/CT was performed. Read More
J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Aug;7(16):e009428
1 Non-Communicable Diseases Epidemiology London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine London United Kingdom.
Background We aimed to examine whether acute pericarditis is an indicator of undetected cancer and identify patient-level factors associated with high cancer risk among patients presenting with pericarditis. Methods and Results A population-based matched cohort study was conducted using primary care data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink linked to Hospital Episode Statistics. Patients with acute pericarditis (n=6530) were matched to a comparison cohort (n=26 111) on age, sex, calendar time, and general practice. Read More
Open Heart 2018 7;5(2):e000835. Epub 2018 Oct 7.
Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pericardial Diseases, Cleveland Clinic, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Background: Pericardial calcification is seen among patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP). However, the pattern of pericardial calcium distribution and the association with clinical outcomes and imaging data are not well described.
Methods: This was a retrospective study from 2007 to 2013 to evaluate the pattern of pericardial calcium distribution by CT in CP using a semiquantitative calcium scoring system to calculate total pericardial calcium burden and distribution. Read More