J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2017 Sep;37(5):315-321
Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation, Istituto Codivilla-Putti, Cortina d'Ampezzo (BL), Italy (Drs Compostella, Compostella, Russo, Setzu, and Bellotto); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Padova, Italy (Drs Compostella, Russo, Iliceto, and Bellotto); and Department of Medicine, School of Emergency Medicine, University of Padua, Padova, Italy (Dr Compostella).
During outpatient cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary syndrome or after an episode of congestive heart failure, a careful, periodic evaluation of patients' clinical and hemodynamic status is essential. Simple and traditional cardiac auscultation could play a role in providing useful prognostic information.Reduced intensity of the first heart sound (S1), especially when associated with prolonged apical impulse and the appearance of added sounds, may help identify left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or conduction disturbances, sometimes associated with transient myocardial ischemia. Read More