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    1 OF 241

    Discordant phenotypes in monozygotic twins with 16p11.2 microdeletions including the SH2B1 gene.
    Am J Med Genet A 2017 May 24. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Fetal Medicine Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
    A 200∼240 kb SH2B1-containing deletion region on 16p11.2 is associated with early-onset obesity and developmental delay. Here, we describe monozygotic twin brothers with discordant clinical presentations. Read More

    Myxedema coma: A case report of pediatric emergency care.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 May;96(21):e6952
    aPediatric Critical Care Medicine, Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine bDepartment of Pediatric Endocrinology/Genetics, Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Institute for Pediatric Research, Shanghai, China.
    Raionale: Myxedema coma (MC) is extremely rare but lethal in pediatric patients with hypothyroidism leading to altered mental status and hypothermia. But there is no clinical guideline for such cases.

    Patient Concerns: A 6-year-old Chinese girl presented with coma and hypothermia preceded by pneumonia. Read More

    Clinical evaluation of myocardial involvement in acute myopericarditis in young adults.
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2017 May 22;17(1):129. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Myocardial involvement in young adults has various causes. Acute myopericarditis is one of the myocardial involvements in young adults. It is easy to confuse with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction because of the electrocardiographic features. Read More

    Cardiac tamponade as an initial presentation for systemic lupus erythematosus.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 Apr 29. Epub 2017 Apr 29.
    Cardiology, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, United States.
    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease which follows a relapsing and remitting course that can manifest in any organ system. While classic manifestations consist of arthralgia, myalgia, frank arthritis, a malar rash and renal failure to name a few, cardiac tamponade, however, is a far less common and far more dangerous presentation. We highlight the case of a 61year-old male with complaints of acute onset shortness of breath and generalized body aches associated with a fever and chills in the ER. Read More

    Severe polyserositis induced by the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 May 20;11(1):142. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Regions Hospital, 640 Jackson St, St Paul, MN, 55101, USA.
    Background: The United States Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends administration of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in series with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for prevention of pneumonia in the elderly. Reports of autoimmune or auto-inflammatory diseases as a result of pneumococcal vaccination, especially pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, are extremely rare.

    Case Presentation: We present a case of severe serositis in a 75-year-old Caucasian woman complicated by pericardial and pleural effusions in the setting of recent 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine vaccination and no other obvious etiology. Read More

    A case of diminished pericardial effusion after treatment of a giant hepatic cyst.
    Clin J Gastroenterol 2017 May 18. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Cardiology, Suzuka General Hospital, 1275-53 Yasuduka-cho, Suzuka, Mie, 513-8630, Japan.
    A 75-year-old woman was discovered to have a pericardial effusion when she was admitted to our hospital because of a giant hepatic cyst. We could not detect the cause of the effusion and diagnosed idiopathic pericardial effusion. The patient underwent transcutaneous drainage of the hepatic cyst and an injection of antibiotics. Read More

    Protein-losing pseudomembranous colitis with cap polyposis-like features.
    World J Gastroenterol 2017 Apr;23(16):3003-3010
    Wolfgang Kreisel, Bertram Bengsch, Anna-Maria Globig, Department of Medicine II, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology and Infectious Diseases, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.
    Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is characterized by loss of serum proteins into the gastrointestinal tract. It may lead to hypoproteinemia and clinically present as protein deficiency edema, ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion and/or malnutrition. In most cases the site of protein loss is the small intestine. Read More

    Conservative management of aortic root rupture complicated with cardiac tamponade following transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
    World J Cardiol 2017 Apr;9(4):391-395
    Luca Vannini, Rut Andrea, Manel Sabaté, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clínic, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.
    Aortic root rupture and cardiac tamponade during transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a frightening complication with high mortality rate. A conservative management of this complication could represent an initial strategy, especially in high-risk patients, to avoid emergent cardiac surgery. This conservative management includes: Immediate detection of pericardial effusion by echocardiography, a fast instauration of pericardial drainage, auto-transfusion and anticoagulation reversal. Read More

    Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis: a novel parasternal approach.
    Eur J Emerg Med 2017 May 15. Epub 2017 May 15.
    aEmergency and Trauma Department, Raja Permaisuri Bainun Hospital, Jalan Raja Ashman (Jalan Hospital), Ipoh, Perak bDepartment of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, International Islamic University, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia cCardiac Anesthesia & Intensive Care - Cardiocentro Ticino, Lugano, Switzerland dEmergency Department, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo eDepartment of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Paediatric Sciences, Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy Unit, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel pericardiocentesis technique using an in-plane parasternal medial-to-lateral approach with the use of a high-frequency probe in patients with cardiac tamponade.

    Background: Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion and tamponade physiology. Ultrasound guidance for pericardiocentesis is currently considered the standard of care. Read More

    Familial Mediterranean Fever developing in a Japanese kidney transplant recipient.
    CEN Case Rep 2016 May 20;5(1):43-47. Epub 2015 Jul 20.
    Department of Transplant and Endocrine Surgery, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.
    Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an auto-inflammatory disease characterized by periodic febrile episodes and sterile polyserositis and is extremely rare in Asian populations. Here, we report a case of FMF in a 61-year-old Japanese man who received a kidney transplant 31 years ago but had to re-start hemodialysis. Although kidney function had been stable since his initial transplant, serum creatinine levels had been increasing over the 2 years prior to his presentation at our hospital, and a periodic fever developed at the same time. Read More

    Outcomes after repeat ablation of ventricular tachycardia in structural heart disease: An analysis from the International VT Ablation Center Collaborative Group.
    Heart Rhythm 2017 Apr 15. Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    University of Colorado Health System, Aurora, Colorado.
    Background: Data evaluating repeat radiofrequency ablation (>1RFA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) are limited.

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and outcomes of VT >1RFA in patients with structural heart disease.

    Methods: Patients with structural heart disease undergoing VT RFA at 12 centers with data on prior RFA history were included. Read More

    Point-of-Care Diagnosis of Cardiac Tamponade Identified by the Flow Velocity Paradoxus.
    J Ultrasound Med 2017 May 15. Epub 2017 May 15.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, San Francisco Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
    The presentation of cardiac tamponade is a spectrum from occult to extreme. The clinical history, physical exam, electrocardiogram, and radiographic findings of tamponade have poor sensitivities and even worse specificities. We use a clinical scenario to demonstrate how point-of-care cardiac ultrasound can diagnose impending cardiac tamponade in a clinically stable patient. Read More

    A Leadless Pacemaker in the Real-World Setting: The Micra Transcatheter Pacing System Post-Approval Registry.
    Heart Rhythm 2017 May 11. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Division of Cardiology-Section of Electrophysiology-Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Background: First-in-man studies of leadless pacemakers have demonstrated high implant success rates, and safety and efficacy objectives were achieved. Outside of the investigational setting, there are particular concerns over cardiac effusion/perforation, device dislodgement, infection, telemetry, and battery issues.

    Objective: The acute performance of the Micra transcatheter pacemaker from a worldwide post-approval registry is reported. Read More

    Internal Medicine Point-of-Care Ultrasound Curriculum: Consensus Recommendations from the Canadian Internal Medicine Ultrasound (CIMUS) Group.
    J Gen Intern Med 2017 May 11. Epub 2017 May 11.
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MN, Canada.
    Bedside point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is increasingly used to assess medical patients. At present, no consensus exists for what POCUS curriculum is appropriate for internal medicine residency training programs. This document details the consensus-based recommendations by the Canadian Internal Medicine Ultrasound (CIMUS) group, comprising 39 members, representing 14 institutions across Canada. Read More

    Safety of The Direct Oral Anticoagulant Edoxaban for Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery: Pilot Study.
    J Atr Fibrillation 2016 Oct-Nov;9(3):1456. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi, Tokyo, Japan.
    Direct oral anticoagulants have recently been recommended for non-valvular atrial fibrillation, but have rarely been studied in the field of cardiac surgery. We prospectively investigated the safety of edoxaban, a novel oral anticoagulant, for use in cardiac surgery patients with postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), which is the most common complication of cardiac surgery and can lead to stroke. The subjects were adult cardiac surgery patients with POAF who received oral edoxaban for 2 months in an open-label pilot study. Read More

    Cryoballoon versus Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-analysis of 16 Clinical Trials.
    J Atr Fibrillation 2016 Oct-Nov;9(3):1429. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute at St. David's Medical Center, Austin, TX.
    Introduction: We aimed to study the procedural characteristics, efficacy and safety of cryoballoon ablation (CBA) versus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to clinical trials comparing CBA and RFA for AF. Outcomes were evaluated for efficacy, procedure characteristics and safety. Read More

    Emergency Covered Stent Implantation For Rupture Of A Pulmonary Vein After Balloon Angioplasty For Postinterventional Pulmonary Vein Stenosis.
    J Atr Fibrillation 2016 Oct-Nov;9(3):1418. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Electrophysiology, University Leipzig,Heart Center, Leipzig,Germany.
    Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a known complication of PV isolation procedures for atrial fibrillation. We describe in this report a case of emergency covered stent implantation for rupture of a PV after balloon angioplasty for postinterventional PV stenosis occlusion. Focus is on stent implantation and on a novel aspect of magnetic resonance imaging for postprocedural outcome evaluation. Read More

    Dog Footprint in the Heart.
    J Tehran Heart Cent 2016 Oct;11(4):198-202
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Cardiac manifestations of the hydatid cyst are relatively uncommon. Cardiac involvement may lead to the compression of vital organs, pulmonary hypertension, pericardial effusion, and even anaphylaxis. A 45-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department of Tehran Heart Center with chest pain. Read More

    Constrictive Pericarditis and Primary Amenorrhea with Syndactyly in an Iranian Female: Mulibrey Nanism Syndrome.
    J Tehran Heart Cent 2016 Oct;11(4):187-191
    Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Mulibrey nanism is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome caused by a mutation in the TRIM37 gene with severe growth retardation and multiple organ involvement. Early diagnosis is important because 50% of the patients develop congestive heart failure owing to constrictive pericarditis, and this condition plays a critical role in the final prognosis. A 37-year-old female patient presented with symptoms of dyspnea on exertion and shortness of breath. Read More

    [Rupture of an Aneurysm of the Right Sinus of Valsalva Into the Pericardium;Report of a Case].
    Kyobu Geka 2017 May;70(5):385-388
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.
    A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an uncommon cardiac anomaly. The aneurysm usually ruptures into the cardiac cavity, and rupture into the pericardial cavity is unusual. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital after collapse due to cardiac tamponade. Read More

    Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade in the New Millennium.
    Curr Cardiol Rep 2017 Jul;19(7):57
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106-5038, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this paper is to review current approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade.

    Recent Findings: Recent recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography and the European Society of Cardiology have refined our approaches to the patient with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, but significant knowledge gaps remain. New diagnostic and triage strategies have been proposed, and recent data have advanced our ability to assess the presence and size of a pericardial effusion, assess its hemodynamic impact, and establish its cause. Read More

    ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma undiagnosed in a patient with tuberculosis: a case report and review of the literature.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 May 11;11(1):132. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Background: Due to a similarity between the features of lymphoma and the features of tuberculosis, lymphoma may go unrecognized and undiagnosed in patients with tuberculosis.

    Case Presentation: A 33-year-old Thai man presented to our center with typical clinical manifestations of tuberculous lymphadenitis, with negative tests for both acid-fast bacilli and fungi, and negative polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterial tuberculosis complex. The disease was not responding to anti-tuberculosis treatment and he developed both pericardial effusion and progressive lymphadenopathy. Read More

    Echocardiographic Evaluation of Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade.
    Front Pediatr 2017 24;5:79. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Pericardial effusion (PEff) is defined by an increase in the physiological amount of fluid within the pericardial space. It can appear following different medical conditions, mainly related to inflammation and cardiac surgery. Cardiac tamponade is a critical condition that occurs after sudden and/or excessive accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space that restricts appropriate filling of the cardiac chambers disturbing normal hemodynamics and ultimately causing hypotension and cardiac arrest. Read More

    Surgical Repair of Subacute Right Ventricular Perforation after Pacemaker Implantation.
    Case Rep Cardiol 2017 6;2017:3242891. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Omura Municipal Hospital, 133-22 Kogashima-machi, Omura, Nagasaki 856-8561, Japan.
    We report an 84-year-old woman who presented with right ventricular perforation 4 days after pacemaker implantation for syncope due to sick sinus syndrome. Median sternotomy revealed no pericardial effusion, but the pacing lead had penetrated the right ventricle and pericardium. When the pleura was opened, the tip of the lead was seen in the visceral pleura. Read More

    Fibrinous pericarditis secondary to bacterial infection in a cat.
    J Vet Med Sci 2017 May 5. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Veterinary Medical Center, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine.
    A three-year-old spayed domestic short-haired cat presented for evaluation of weight loss, cardiomegaly and pleural effusion. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated a thickened pericardium with mild pericardial effusion and a large volume of pleural effusion characterized by exudate. Although the cat was treated with antibiotics, the clinical symptoms did not improve. Read More

    Congenital Giant Right Atrial Aneurysm: Echocardiographic Diagnosis and Surgical Management.
    Heart Surg Forum 2017 Apr 28;20(2):E055-E057. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing,China.
    Congenital right atrial aneurysm is a rare abnormality and may easily be confused with various anomalies, such as pericardial effusion, pericardial cysts, tumors, and Ebstein's anomaly. Patients with right atrial aneurysm may be asymptomatic; but some patients may develop life-threatening complications, such as arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or pulmonary embolism. Therefore, it is essential for correct diagnosis and appropriate patient management. Read More

    Echocardiographic Assessment of Young Male Draft-Eligible Elite Hockey Players Invited to the Medical and Fitness Combine by the National Hockey League.
    Am J Cardiol 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Division of Cardiology, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
    The "athletic heart" is characterized by hypertrophy and dilation of the heart, in addition to functional and electrical remodeling. The aim of this study was to provide reference 2-dimensional (2DE) and 3-dimensional (3DE) echocardiographic measurements in a large database on draft-eligible elite ice hockey players and to determine the frequency of occult cardiac anomalies in this cohort of athletes. In this prospective cohort study, we performed a comprehensive cardiac assessment of the 100 top draft picks selected by the National Hockey League. Read More

    Cardiac tamponade secondary to purulent pericarditis diagnosed with the aid of emergency department ultrasound.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 Apr 27. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Wright State University Department of Emergency Medicine, 3525 Southern Blvd, Kettering, OH 45429, United States.
    Purulent pericarditis is a rare but devastating disease process and even when treated, carries a poor prognosis. Cardiac tamponade is the most severe complication of purulent pericarditis and without acute surgical intervention, is often fatal. Diagnosis requires pericardiocentesis; however, early consideration of the disease and its complications in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving. Read More

    Myopericarditis in a patient with hepatitis C and cryoglobulinemic renal disease.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 21;5(5):616-620. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    Division of NephrologyHennepin County Medical CenterMinneapolisMinnesotaUSA.
    Although cryoglobulinemia is a well-appreciated complication of hepatitis C (HC), myopericarditis with resulting pericardial effusion is extremely rare, especially in the absence of a liver transplant. In patients with HC, pericardial effusion with impending tamponade can be a florid and potentially life-threatening manifestation of multiorgan cryoglobulinemic disease. Read More

    Multiple viral infections in primary effusion lymphoma: a model of viral cooperation in lymphomagenesis.
    Expert Rev Hematol 2017 May 16:1-10. Epub 2017 May 16.
    e Department of Pathology , Centro di Riferimento Oncologico - IRCCS, National Cancer Institute , Aviano , Italy.
    Introduction: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare B-cell lymphoid neoplasm mainly associated with HIV infection, presenting as pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial effusions. A defining property of PEL is its consistent association with Kaposi sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection, and, in most cases, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) co-infection. On these grounds, a review of the literature related to viral cooperation and lymphomagenesis can help to understand the complex interplay between KSHV and EBV in PEL pathogenesis. Read More

    Use of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography for Periprocedural Evaluation of a Case of Critical Valvular Pulmonary Stenosis with Delayed Presentation.
    J Cardiovasc Echogr 2016 Apr-Jun;26(2):56-60
    Department of Cardiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    We report a case illustrating a 39-year-old man with delayed presentation of severe pulmonary valve (PV) stenosis, clinical evidence of congestive right heart failure in the form of enlarged liver, raised jugular venous pressure, and anasarca without cyanosis. Echocardiography (echo) was used both for diagnosis and monitoring this patient as main tool. The contractile reserve of the right ventricle (RV) was evaluated by infusion of dobutamine and diuretic for 4 days before pulmonary balloon valvotomy. Read More

    Pericardial effusion as a rare complication of a perforated appendicitis.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 18;35:98-100. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2305, Australia.
    Introduction: Whilst pericardial effusion is a known complication of abdominal pathology, it is rarely reported following ruptured appendicitis and even more rarely requires drainage in that situation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016). Read More

    Intensity modulated radiation therapy to treat primary female mediastinal seminoma and massive pericardial effusion: A case report.
    Oncol Lett 2017 Mar 2;13(3):1299-1302. Epub 2017 Jan 2.
    Department of Oncology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, P.R. China.
    Primary mediastinal seminoma is a rare extragonadal germ cell tumour that mainly occurs in males. The present study reports the case of a 27-year-old woman that presented with superior vena cava syndrome and a large mass in the mediastinum, which was diagnosed as primary female mediastinal seminoma. The patient received 6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy [4 cycles BEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 0. Read More

    Primary cardiac lymphoma with unusual presentation: A report of two cases.
    Mol Clin Oncol 2017 Mar 16;6(3):311-314. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Department of Hematology and Oncology, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813, Taiwan, R.O.C.
    Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with an incidence of 0.056% according to autopsy reports. The most common type is myxoma, while other types, including sarcoma, lipoma, papillary fibroelastoma, rhabdomyoma, fibroma, hemangioma, teratoma, lymphoma and mesothelioma also occur. Read More

    Prognostic Impact of Age and Hemoglobin in Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Reperfusion Therapy.
    Am J Cardiol 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, CIBERCV, Madrid, Spain; Universidad Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Universidad Europea Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Advanced age and low hemoglobin levels have been associated with a poor prognosis in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We studied 1,111 patients with STEMI who received reperfusion treatment (1,032 [92.9%] primary angioplasty and 79 [7. Read More

    Prognostic impact of M descriptors of the 8th edition of TNM classification of lung cancer.
    J Thorac Dis 2017 Mar;9(3):685-691
    Pulmonology Department, Gaia/Espinho Hospital Center, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.
    Background: The 8th edition of the tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) classification of lung cancer will be enacted in January 2017. The aim of this study was to analyze the survival differences among the three new categories of metastatic disease: intrathoracic metastasis (M1a), single extrathoracic metastasis (M1b) and multiple extrathoracic metastases (M1c) in our cohort of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study including NSCLC patients with metastatic disease at diagnosis. Read More

    [Feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure under solely guidance of echocardiography].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Apr;97(16):1222-1226
    Department of Cardiac Surgery, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100037, China.
    Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of percutaneous ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure under solely guidance of echocardiography and fluoroscopy. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Fuwai Hospital, between February 2014 and February 2015. The patients were divided into two groups. Read More

    The Phenotype and Outcome of Infantile Cardiomyopathy Caused by a Homozygous ELAC2 Mutation.
    Cardiology 2017 Apr 26;137(3):188-192. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
    Objective: Cardiomyopathy (CMP) in children is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Disease-associated mutations have been identified in more than 50 genes. Recently, mutations in the mitochondrial tRNA processing gene, ELAC2, were reported to be associated with the recessively inherited form of hypertrophic CMP (HCM). Read More

    Uremic pleuritis: A case report and review of recurrent exudative pleural effusions in children.
    Pediatr Pulmonol 2017 Apr 25. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Pediatric Pulmonology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, and Pediatric Pulmonology at the Breathing Institute, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
    Despite similar mechanisms driving pleural fluid accumulation, the causes of pleural effusions in children differ significantly from that of adults. When a pleural effusion re-occurs in an adult, literature recommends early thoracentesis, and consideration for pleuroscopy with biopsy to guide the diagnostic evaluation. In children, there is a paucity of literature for guiding management of recurrent exudative pleural effusion. Read More

    Impact of operator experience and training strategy on procedural outcomes with leadless pacing: Insights from the Micra Transcatheter pacing study.
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2017 Apr 24. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Cardiovascular Section, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, OU Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, US.
    Background: Leadless pacemaker systems have been designed to avoid the need for a pocket and transvenous lead. However, delivery of this therapy requires a new catheter-based procedure. This study evaluates the role of operator experience and different training strategies on procedural outcomes. Read More

    Cardiovascular Outcomes With Surgical Left Atrial Appendage Exclusion in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Who Underwent Valvular Heart Surgery (from the National Inpatient Sample Database).
    Am J Cardiol 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Sands Constellation Heart Institute, Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, New York.
    Left atrial appendage (LAA) exclusion is a commonly performed procedure to reduce the embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent cardiac surgeries. Our study aimed to evaluate the in-hospital outcomes of LAA exclusion in patients with AF who underwent valvular heart surgeries. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database from 1998 to 2013 for patients with the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification, diagnosis codes for AF and underwent any valvular heart surgery. Read More

    Subacute Pericardial Tamponade After Sleeve Lower Lobectomy for an Extremely Rare Tumor.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2017 May;103(5):e401-e403
    Section of Thoracic Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address:
    A rare case of subacute cardiac tamponade developed in a 71-year-old patient after a left lower lobe sleeve lobectomy for cancer. The patient was successfully treated by drainage of the pericardial effusion by a pigtail catheter. The exact cause is uncertain, but it appears to include an inflammatory component. Read More

    Dosimetric predictors of radiation-induced pericardial effusion in esophageal cancer.
    Strahlenther Onkol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Division of Cardiology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the dose-volume parameters of the pericardium and heart in order to reduce the risk of radiation-induced pericardial effusion (PE) and symptomatic PE (SPE) in esophageal cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

    Methods: In 86 of 303 esophageal cancer patients, follow-up CT was obtained at least 24 months after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Correlations between clinical factors, including risk factors for cardiac disease, dosimetric factors, and the incidence of PE and SPE after radiotherapy were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Read More

    Targeted endomyocardial biopsy guided by real-time cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2017 Apr 19;19(1):45. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), Partner Site Goettingen, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Endomyocardial biopsies (EMB) are an important diagnostic tool for myocarditis and other infiltrative cardiac diseases. Routinely, biopsies are obtained under fluoroscopic guidance with a substantial radiation burden. Despite procedural success, there is a large sampling error caused by missing the affected myocardium. Read More

    Coronary Arteriovenous Fistulas in Adult Patients: Surgical Management and Outcomes.
    Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Jan-Feb;32(1):15-21
    Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective:: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical and anatomic characteristics of coronary arteriovenous fistulas in adult patients who underwent open cardiac surgery and to review surgical management and outcomes.

    Methods:: Twenty-one adult patients (12 female, 9 male; mean age: 56.1±7. Read More

    Safety and efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation using a surround flow catheter with contact force measurement capabilities: A multicenter registry.
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Ospedale Cardinal Massaia, Corso Dante Alighieri 202, 14100, Asti.
    Introduction: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is the cornerstone of catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Surround flow and contact force (CF) measurement capabilities might enhance procedure efficacy and safety. We report on the safety and mid-term efficacy of a novel ablation catheter for PV isolation in patients with AF. Read More

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