39,075 results match your criteria Pericardial Effusion


Identification of risk factors and diagnostic methodology in serositis by M. tuberculosis

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):364-370. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Secretaría de Salud, Hospital General de México “Dr. Eduardo Liceaga”, Unidad de Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. Ciudad de México, México

Background: Tuberculosis is a public health problem, extrapulmonary presentations have increased, it is difficult to diagnose because of the low bacillary load.

Objective: To identify risk factors and to evaluate the efficiency of diagnostic methods in pleural, meningeal, peritoneal and pericardial tuberculosis.

Methods: Prospective study of cases and controls. Read More

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November 2018

Biosynthetic Vascular Graft: A Valuable Alternative to Traditional Replacement Materials for Treatment of Prosthetic Aortic Graft Infection?

Scand J Surg 2018 Dec 6:1457496918816908. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Barmherzige Brüder Hospital, Regensburg, Germany.

Background And Aims:: To report the experience of a tertiary vascular surgery center using Omniflow II® biosynthetic vascular grafts for treatment of prosthetic aortic graft infection.

Materials And Methods:: Retrospective analysis of all patients with prosthetic graft infections who underwent in situ aortic reconstruction using Omniflow II® grafts or other conduits between March 2015 and May 2017. Early and late mortality, perioperative complications, and reinfection rate were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

Life threatening polyserositis post oesophagectomy.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 15;26:42-44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Great Western Hospital, Swindon, Marlborough Road, SN3 6BB, UK.

A 46 year old lady presented three weeks after an oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma with increasing breathlessness and a large left-sided pleural effusion. Computed tomography (CT) scan of her thorax, abdomen and pelvis revealed a large left-sided and small right-sided pleural effusions, a pericardial effusion, ascites and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent both pericardial and pleural fluid drainage, however, unfortunately, deteriorated despite these interventions with increasing oxygen requirements requiring nasal high flow oxygen on the Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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November 2018

A Case of Urethral Diverticulum with Surgical Repair Using Cadaveric Pericardial Tissue.

Case Rep Urol 2018 4;2018:6183618. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

West Virginia University, Department of OB/GYN, Morgantown, WV, USA.

A urethral diverticulum is a relatively uncommon finding. The estimated prevalence is approximately 1-5% in the general population. While the definitive treatment is surgical correction, there are limited studies guiding the best approach to repair. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Zebrafish embryos exposed to deltamethrin exhibited abnormalities in spite of induced expression of related genes ( you, you-too, momo and u-boot).

Toxicol Ind Health 2018 Dec 5:748233718807046. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

2 Department of Animal Biology, School of life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Evaluation of the toxic effects of a widely used synthetic pyrethroid, deltamethrin (DM), was carried out in this study. This pesticide is preferred for pest control because of its low environmental persistence and toxicity. We investigated the expression pattern of four genes, namely, you ( you), yot ( you-too), momo ( mom) and ubo ( u-boot) during early development of zebrafish, that is, from 12 hpf to 48 hpf stages. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of thoracal fat depots - expression of adipokines and remodeling factors and impact of adipocyte conditioned media in fibroblast scratch assays.

Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 2018 ;70(3):267-280

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Herzzentrum Dresden, Germany.

Adipose tissue is not only a connective tissue but also an endocrine organ secreting adipokines like Leptin and Adiponectin, lipokines such as palmitoileic acid and extracellular vesicles. These factors and the expression of matrix remodeling enzymes impact surrounding tissues via paracrine effects. The expression of selected secretion factors and the effect of adipocyte conditioned media from four thoracal adipose tissue origins - subcutaneous, perivascular, pericardial and epicardial adipose tissues - in a fibroblast proliferation/wound healing scratch assay model were investigated. Read More

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January 2018

Heart filling exceeds emptying during late ventricular systole in patients with systolic heart failure and healthy subjects - a cardiac MRI study.

Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Clinical Physiology, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Total heart volume (THV) within the pericardium is not constant throughout the cardiac cycle and THV would intuitively be lowest at end systole. We have, however, observed a phase shift between ventricular outflow and atrial inflow which causes the minimum THV to occur before end systole. The aims were to explain the mechanism of the late-systolic net inflow to the heart and determine whether this net inflow is affected by increased cardiac output or systolic heart failure. Read More

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December 2018

The transverse and oblique sinuses of the pericardium: Anatomic and echocardiographic insights.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

A number of masses and pseudomasses may be encountered during the echocardiographic examination of the transverse and oblique sinuses with significant clinical implications. This review discusses the clinically relevant anatomy of the pericardial sinuses emphasizing diagnostic pitfalls that may be encountered during their echocardiographic examination. Read More

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December 2018

Radiofrequency ablation for subcardiac hepatocellular carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes and risk factors for technical failure.

Eur Radiol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Statistics and Data Center, Research Institute for Future Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To compare the therapeutic outcomes and safety of radiofrequency (RF) ablation for subcardiac and non-subcardiac hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the risk factors for technical failure of the procedure.

Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Between September 2002 and May 2016, 73 patients with subcardiac HCC and the same number of patients with non-subcardiac HCC matched by tumor size were included. Read More

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November 2018

Simultaneously surgical management of adult complex coarctation of aorta concomitant with intracardiac abnormality.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5842-5849

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Background: To explore surgical management of complex coarctation of aorta (COA) concomitant with intracardiac abnormality, in order to provide recommendations for safe and reliable treatment.

Methods: Totally, six adult cases demonstrating complex COA concomitant with intracardiac abnormality were reviewed from our department between May 2012 and June 2017. Four patients were male and two patients were female, the age range being 43. Read More

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October 2018

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

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December 2018

Successful Treatment of a Late Diagnosed Esophageal Perforation with Mediastinitis and Pericardial Abscess.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Dec;28(12):972-973

Department of Cardiovascular, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

We herein report a case of late diagnosed thoracic esophageal perforation. A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as an esophageal perforation with mediastinitis and pericardial abscess by detailed history taking, chest computed tomography, esophagoscopy and inflammatory findings in his blood test. Surgical drainage of mediastinum and pericardium was able to effectively control infectious process and pericardial fibrosis. Read More

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December 2018

[Study on Immunophenotypes and Gene of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia--Review].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;26(6):1831-1835

Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematological Diseases and Tumor Molecular Classification, National Key Discipline of Pediatrics, Beijing 100045, China.

Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is one of the fatal complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT). The pathogenesis of TA-TMA has not been fully elucidated. The latest researches show that the abnormal activation of the complement system may lead to widespread endothelial injury which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of this disease. Read More

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December 2018

Pericardium in Reconstructive Urologic Surgeries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Urol Int 2018 Dec 5:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The use of pericardium has been expanded into different surgical modalities; however, there are scarce data regarding the feasibility of the pericardium in reconstructive urologic surgeries. We systematically reviewed the literature on the effectiveness of the pericardial tissue for reconstructive urologic surgeries.

Materials And Methods: PubMed and Scopus were searched online for evidence on the use of the pericardium in urologic surgeries. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

National Trends and Procedural Complications from Endomyocardial Biopsy: Results from the National Inpatient Sample, 2007-2014.

Cardiology 2018 Dec 5;141(3):125-131. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas,

Aim: The aim of this study is to report recent trends in the performance of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) and its in-hospital complications (and their predictors) in the United States (US).

Method: We analyzed Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from years 2007 through 2014 to identify patients who underwent EMB. Once identified, the patients were subdivided into those with no history of heart transplant (HT) (cohort 1) and those with history of HT (cohort 2). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Primary Cardiac Angiosarcoma with Rare Presenting Feature and Successful Surgical Treatment.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep-Oct;33(5):525-527

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Primary angiosarcoma is a rare clinical entity, it's typically located within the right atrium and known to be rapidly fatal. A 37-year-old female was presented with a history of recurrent facial paralysis and left hemiparesis. A cranial mass was identified at cranial magnetic resonance imaging and she underwent neurosurgery operation. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

Outcome in dogs with presumptive idiopathic pericardial effusion after thoracoscopic pericardectomy and pericardioscopy.

Vet Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Objective: To report the outcome of dogs with presumptive echocardiographic idiopathic pericardial effusion treated with thoracoscopic pericardectomy and pericardioscopy.

Study Design: Multi-institutional retrospective study (2011-2017).

Animals: Eighteen dogs. Read More

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December 2018

Percutaneous lead extraction and repositioning: An effective and safe therapeutic strategy for early ventricular lead perforation with dislocation both inside and outside the pericardial sac following a cardiac device implantation.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Hippokration General Hospital, 114 Vasilisis Sofias str, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Cardiac perforation of the right ventricle associated with pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads' implantation is an uncommon, albeit potentially life-threatening, complication. The aim of this study is to further identify the optimal therapeutic strategy especially when lead dislocation has occurred outside the pericardial sac.

Methods And Results: The study population included 10 consecutive patients (6 female, mean age: 66. Read More

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December 2018

Use of bovine pericardium for the treatment of anterior iatrogenic glottic web.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Valencia University General Hospital and Valencia Medical School, Valencia, Spain.

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December 2018

Comparing membranes and bone substitutes in a one-stage procedure for horizontal bone augmentation. Three-year post-loading results of a double-blind randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Oral Implantol 2018 ;11(4):441-452

Purpose: The objective of this 3-year post-loading parallel randomised controlled trial is to compare two bone substitutes and resorbable membranes in a one-stage procedure for horizontal bone augmentation: anorganic bovine bone and porcine collagen membranes (BB group) versus synthetic resorbable bone graft substitute made of pure β-tricalcium phosphate and porcine pericardium collagen membranes (CJ group).

Materials And Methods: Patients in need of implant treatment having at least one site with horizontal osseous defect at a private clinic in Rimini, Italy, were included in this study. Patients were randomised to receive either BB or CJ in a one-stage procedure for horizontal bone augmentation in a submerged approach. Read More

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January 2018

Successful Treatment of Cardiac Tamponade with Corticosteroids After Surgical Myocardial Revascularization: Case Report.

Med Arch 2018 Oct;72(4):285-288

Special Hospital Heart Center BH Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Aim: The aim of this case report is to show the significance of the cardiac tamponade, it's timely diagnosis and to present the unusual approach of the treatment. That was conducted with corticosteroids when the surgical procedure gave no results in rare cases like this.

Case Report: This paper presents the case of a man aged 72 years with a verified tamponade of pericardium. Read More

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October 2018

Hypoceruloplasminemia: an unusual biochemical finding in a girl with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and severe hypothyroidism.

Pediatr Med Chir 2018 Dec 5;40(2). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Human Pathology of Adulthood and Childhood, University of Messina, Messina.

Clinical picture of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) may significantly vary in pediatric age, ranging from euthyroidism to subclinical hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism; only rarely HT presentation may be characterized by a severe hypothyroidism also in pediatric age. Here we describe a 3-year-old Caucasian girl who was admitted to our Clinic due to pericardial effusion, muscle weakness and weight gain. At clinical examination, she presented with bradycardia, pale and round face, pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles and no pitting edema of the limbs. Read More

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December 2018

Complications somatiques de l’anorexie mentale. Elles sont responsables d’une mortalité élevée.

Rev Prat 2016 Feb;66(2):153-157

Clinique des maladies mentales et de l'encéphale, hôpital Sainte-Anne, Paris, France.

Medical complications of anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa causes acute or chronic medical complications that can affect most organs: dermatologic complications, gastrointestinal complications (including constipation, delayed gastric emptying, rarely hepatitis), endocrine and bone (amenorrhea, infertility, hypoglycemia, delayed puberty, arrested growth, osteoporosis.. Read More

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February 2016
1 Read

Trifecta Aortic Bioprosthesis: Midterm Results in 1,953 Patients from a Single Center.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA; Heart and Vascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: The St. Jude Medical Trifecta bioprosthesis is a bovine pericardial valve mounted on a titanium stent. The objective of this study was to report a single center experience with the Trifecta aortic valve. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Uremic Pericarditis: Distinguishing Features in a Now-Uncommon Clinical Syndrome.

South Med J 2018 Dec;111(12):754-757

From the Hospital Medicine Unit and the Core Educator Faculty and Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, the Heart and Vascular Center, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy who was admitted to our hospital with acute uremic myopericarditis. Echocardiography demonstrated a fibrinous pericardial effusion. The patient was initiated on hemodialysis for hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and uremia. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A cardiac hydatid cyst mimicking a pericardial tumour in a paediatric case.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 4:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital,Istanbul,Turkey.

Cardiac hydatid cysts are a rare presentation of hydatid cyst disease in the body, with a reported cardiac involvement rate of <2%. The left ventricle is the most common site of cardiac involvement. Here, we report a patient with a hydatid cyst that ruptured into the pericardium after producing an aneurysm on the right ventricular free wall, appearing as fibrinated fluid and a solid mass lesion in the pericardium. Read More

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December 2018

A process for academic societies to develop scientific statements and white papers: experience of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 4:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

4Department of Pediatrics, Director Adult and Pediatric ECMO,INOVA Fairfax Medical Center,Falls Church,USA.

There are substantial knowledge gaps, practice variation, and paucity of controlled trials owing to the relatively small number of patients with critical heart disease. The Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society has recognised this knowledge gap as an area needing a more comprehensive and evidence-based approach to the management of the critically ill child with heart disease. To address this, the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society created a scientific statements and white papers committee. Read More

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December 2018

Single lumen endotracheal intubation with carbon dioxide insufflation for lung isolation in thoracic surgery.

Surg Endosc 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd, NW, Washington, DC, 20007, USA.

Introduction: Double lumen tube (DLT) intubation is used for lung isolation but is not without disadvantages including increased intubation time, anesthesia expertise, risk of airway trauma, and costs over single lumen tube (SLT) intubation. SLT intubation with CO insufflation can be used as an alternative for lung isolation. We reviewed our experience with this technique during thoracoscopic surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Type 1 Brugada phenocopy in a patient with acute pericarditis.

J Electrocardiol 2018 Nov - Dec;51(6):1121-1123. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Cardiovasology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

We herein describe a case of an acute pericarditis, in which type 1 Brugada phenocopy (BrP) was documented. The patient was referred to our hospital due to severe chest pain. The twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) on admission showed type 1 Brugada ECG pattern (coved-type) in the precordial leads. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Malignant ventricular tachycardia and cardiac arrest induced by a micra™ leadless pacemaker.

J Electrocardiol 2018 Nov - Dec;51(6):1053-1054. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Cardiology, North Zealand Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Leadless pacemaker implantation represents an important advancement in the treatment of bradycardia, and occupy an increasing part in the clinic. Major adverse effects associated with leadless pacemaker implantation are rare, with a serious complication being pericardial effusion. We present a case of a patient who had a leadless pacemaker implanted, which induced ventricular tachycardia and cardiac arrest during hospitalization. Read More

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September 2018

Cytology of effusions in the coelom cavities.

Cesk Patol 2018 ;63(4):175-189

oelom cavities (pleura, pericardium, peritoneum, tunica vaginalis testis) lined with mesothelial lining derived from the mesoderm, represent a frequent place of propagation of pathological processes both from the neighbourhood and primary. These are most often manifested by effusion, whose cytological examination contributes significantly to the diagnosis. Each larger amount of fluid in the coelom spaces is pathological. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Case of Dropsy of the Pericardium.

Authors:
F W Wood

Lond Med Phys J 1829 May;6(35):406-409

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Case of Local Inflammation and Abscess Connected with the Pericardium.

Authors:
T Howship

Med Phys J 1809 Apr;21(122):265-267

Assistant Surgeon of the 82d Regiment.

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[Short and midterm results of surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;56(12):916-921

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Cardiocvascular Diseases Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To analyze the early and midterm results of surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with double-ventricular procedure. The data of the 68 cases with the main diagnosis of IAA with biventricular structure from June 2009 to June 2017 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital was collected, including 46 cases of type A, 22 cases of type B. There was no type C case. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Preclinical Evaluation of a New Hydroxypropyl-Guar Phospholipid Nanoemulsion-Based Artificial Tear Formulation in Models of Corneal Epithelium.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation , Fort Worth, Texas.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of hydroxypropyl-guar anionic phospholipid nanoemulsion (HP-guar nanoemulsion), a new artificial tear formulation for treatment of dry eye disease (DED), in corneal epithelium models.

Methods: Cultured human corneal epithelial cells were used to assess (1) hydration protection and hydration retention protection against desiccation, and (2) cell recovery after benzalkonium chloride (BAC) damage. Corneal epithelium permeability was measured by 5,6-carboxyfluorescein (CF) uptake in intact rabbit eyes. Read More

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November 2018

Imaging of thoracic hernias: types and complications.

Insights Imaging 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Imaging Science, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601, Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Thoracic hernias are characterised by either protrusion of the thoracic contents outside their normal anatomical confines or extension of the abdominal contents within the thorax. Thoracic hernias can be either congenital or acquired in aetiology. They can occur at the level of the thoracic inlet, chest wall or diaphragm. Read More

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November 2018

Early surgery with aggressive surgical approach to improve 6-month outcomes in patients with active infective endocarditis: contribution of cerebral preoperative magnetic resonance imaging.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Departments of Cardiology, Sapporo City General Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Objectives: We investigated the hypothesis that early surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) attenuates the rate of death or embolic events and does not increase the rate of relapse or postoperative valvular dysfunction (PVD) at 6 months.

Methods: 21 consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment of IE were prospectively included. We assessed 6-month postoperative clinical outcomes by comparing early surgery (Group E, surgery within 72 h) and conventional treatment (Group C). Read More

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November 2018

Anesthetic Management of an Infant Presenting with an Intrapericardial Tumor: A Case Report.

J Tehran Heart Cent 2018 Apr;13(2):76-79

Department of Pediatrics, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Intrapericardial teratomas are rare primary cardiac tumors. These tumors, albeit benign in essence, can be fatal if they exert pressure on the cardiovascular and/or respiratory system. We describe a 34-day-old infant, who needed emergent surgery due to cardiovascular structure compromise. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

A contemporary look at pericardiocentesis.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven 3000, Belgium; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Belgium.

Percutaneous drainage is the default strategy for evacuating a pericardial effusion. A pericardiocentesis can be necessary or required in a wide variety of clinical settings ranging from urgent tamponade to relieve in iatrogenic hemorrhagic effusions in the electrophysiology or catheterization room, to planned diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected or known malignancy or infections. With the help of several procedural improvements over the past decades, echocardiography and fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous pericardiocentesis has become the standard intervention for evacuating pericardial effusions, as well as an essential tool in the diagnostic work-up of an unexplained pericardial effusion. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Blunt trauma-induced pericardial tamponade after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China. Electronic address:

We report a case of blunt cardiac injury and pericardial tamponade following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in a lung cancer patient with hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy. Anatomical findings included massive hemorrhage in the pericardium, cardiac hypertrophy, and a superficial contusion with a ruptured blood vessel on the epicardium at the lateral wall of the left ventricle. The patient died of pericardial tamponade due to blunt trauma from the tip of the thoracoscopic instrument. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Is pericardial effusion a negative prognostic marker? Meta-analysis of outcomes of pericardial effusion.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department and Department of Medical Sciences, University Cardiology, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Torino, Italy.

Background: The prognostic relevance and the prevalence of pericardial effusion in several diseases are not well established. The aim of this meta-analysis is to summarize the available evidence related to pericardial effusion prevalence and outcomes according to the cause.

Methods: Articles investigating the prognosis of pericardial effusion were identified by literature search. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Damage to the left internal mammary artery during anterior epicardial access for ventricular tachycardia ablation.

HeartRhythm Case Rep 2018 Nov 14;4(11):534-537. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Clinical Electrophysiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

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November 2018

Pleural effusion as an indicator of short term mortality in acute pulmonary embolism.

Tuberk Toraks 2018 Sep;66(3):185-196

Department of Chest Diseases and Critical Care, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is known as one of the major causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Identification of high risk patients for short term and long-term mortality is crucial. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the prognostic importance of simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI), radiological investigations and comorbidities in terms of short-term mortality by simultaneous assessment of sPESI score, pulmonary computed tomography (CT) angiography findings and underlying comorbidities in patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Usefulness of Oximetry Paradoxus to Diagnose Cardiac Tamponade.

Am J Cardiol 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Division of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Although echocardiography is usually diagnostic of cardiac tamponade, it may not be readily available at the point-of-care. We sought to develop and validate a measurement of respirophasic variation in the amplitude of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveforms as a diagnostic tool for cardiac tamponade. Pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveforms were recorded, and the ratio of maximum-to-minimum measured amplitude of these waveforms from one respiratory cycle was calculated by blinded observers. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Decrease in VEGF-Induced Pericardial Adhesion Formation Using Bevacizumab After Surgery.

Surg Innov 2018 Nov 26:1553350618813451. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

2 Department of physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Some degrees of postoperative cardiac adhesions occur in response to the first cardiac surgery in patients that may limit surgeons for subsequent operations and increase the risk of heart injury. In this article, we established a model of postoperative pericardial adhesions, and because vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to initiate adhesion formation through inflammatory responses, we used an anti-VEGF antibody, that is, bevacizumab, to examine its effects on postoperative adhesion formation.

Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were divided in 2 groups: control and bevacizumab. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Unusual behavior of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma as cardiac invasion with rapid spontaneous regression after fine needle aspiration cytology.

J Exp Ther Oncol 2018 Nov;12(4):287-290

Cardiology Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Objective: Spontaneous regression (SR) of lymphoma is a rare phenomenon. While the precise mechanism of SR remains unknown, apoptosis may be associated with its process. Here, we present a case of a 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with cough and orthopnea for 2 weeks. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads